142 relations: Acetylene, Addlestone, Ader Avion III, Aerodrome, Air Navigation and Engineering Company, Aircraft, Aircraft pilot, Alberto Santos-Dumont, Alexander Duckham, Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, Alfred Leblanc, Altitude, Amiens, Antoinette (manufacturer), Antoinette IV, Anzani, Aristocracy (class), Arquebuse-class destroyer, Asbestos, Aviodrome, École Centrale Paris, Étampes, Baden Baden-Powell, Blériot Aéronautique, Blériot III, Blériot IX, Blériot V, Blériot VI, Blériot VII, Blériot VIII, Blériot X, Blériot XI, Blériot XII, Blériot-Whippet, Boarding school, Boeing, Bouy, Bracing (aeronautics), Brescia, British Rail Class 221, Brooklands, Bucharest, Budapest, Burn, Calais, Cambrai, Canard (aeronautics), Cap Blanc-Nez, Cavalcade (1933 film), Charles de Lambert (aviator), ..., Charles Lindbergh, Cimetière des Gonards, Clément Ader, Collège Sainte-Barbe, Compass, Crankshaft, Daily Mail, Daily Mail aviation prizes, Dover, Dover Castle, Duke of York's Royal Military School, E.N.V. Motor Syndicate, Early Birds of Aviation, Early flying machines, Elevator (aeronautics), Engineer, English Channel, Ernest Archdeacon, Exposition Universelle (1900), Farman Aviation Works, Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, Flag of France, Flight International, Flight training, France, Gabriel Voisin, Glenn Curtiss, Gordon Bennett Trophy (aeroplanes), Grande Semaine d'Aviation de la Champagne, Hendon, Henri Farman, Hubert Latham, Hungary, Institut de France, Inventor, Istanbul, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, John Benjamin Stone, John Jeffries, Juvisy-sur-Orge, KLM, Léon Levavasseur, Le Matin (France), Legion of Honour, Lelystad Airport, Les Invalides, List of firsts in aviation, List of Louis Blériot medal winners, Marconi Company, Monoplane, Moonlet, Musée des Arts et Métiers, Myocardial infarction, Myron T. Herrick, New Jersey, Newark Liberty International Airport, Nova (TV series), Orléans, Ornithopter, Panhard, Paris, Patrick Young Alexander, Pertuisane-class destroyer, Pyrenees, Reims, Renault, Rings of Saturn, Rivendell Bicycle Works, Robert Esnault-Pelterie, Romania, Sangatte, Santos-Dumont 14-bis, Secondary education in France, Sett (paving), SNCASO, Société pour l'aviation et ses dérivés, SPAD S.XIII, Suresnes, Surrey, Tandem wing, Tarbes, The New York Times, The Times, Toury, United States dollar, Versailles, Yvelines, Virgin Trains, Voisin, Voisin 1907 biplane, Wissant, World War I, Wright brothers. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
Acetylene (systematic name: ethyne) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H2.
Addlestone is a town in Surrey, England, just within the M25 southwest of London.
The Avion III (sometimes referred to as the Aquilon or the Éole III) was a primitive steam-powered aircraft built by Clément Ader between 1892 and 1897, financed by the French War Office.
An aerodrome (Commonwealth English) or airdrome (American English) is a location from which aircraft flight operations take place, regardless of whether they involve air cargo, passengers, or neither.
Aircraft Navigation and Engineering Company Limited was a British aircraft manufacturer from its formation in 1919 to 1927.
An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air.
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls.
Alberto Santos-Dumont (20 July 187323 July 1932, usually referred to as simply Santos-Dumont) was a Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer, one of the very few people to have contributed significantly to the development of both lighter-than-air and heavier-than-air aircraft.
Alexander Duckham (11 March 1877 – 1 February 1945) was an English chemist and businessman, best known for the development of machine lubricants.
Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe (15 July 1865 – 14 August 1922) was a British newspaper and publishing magnate.
Alfred Leblanc (April 13, 1869 – November, 1921) was a pioneer French aviator.
Altitude or height (sometimes known as depth) is defined based on the context in which it is used (aviation, geometry, geographical survey, sport, atmospheric pressure, and many more).
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Antoinette was a French manufacturer of light petrol engines.
The Antoinette IV was an early French monoplane.
Anzani was an engine manufacturer founded by the Italian Alessandro Anzani (1877–1956), which produced proprietary engines for aircraft, cars, boats, and motorcycles in factories in Britain, France and Italy.
The aristocracy is a social class that a particular society considers its highest order.
The Arquebuse class was a group of 20 destroyers built for the French Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
Asbestos is a set of six naturally occurring silicate minerals, which all have in common their eponymous asbestiform habit: i.e. long (roughly 1:20 aspect ratio), thin fibrous crystals, with each visible fiber composed of millions of microscopic "fibrils" that can be released by abrasion and other processes.
The Nationaal Luchtvaart-Themapark Aviodrome (short also Aviodrome) is a large aerospace museum in the Netherlands that has been located on Lelystad Airport since 2003.
École Centrale Paris (ECP, often referred to as École Centrale or Centrale) was a French postgraduate-level institute of research and higher education in engineering and science.
Étampes is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France.
Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, FS, FRAS, FRMetS (22 May 1860 – 3 October 1937) was a military aviation pioneer, and President of the Royal Aeronautical Society from 1900 to 1907.
Blériot Aéronautique was a French aircraft manufacturer founded by Louis Blériot.
The Blériot III was an early French aeroplane built by pioneer aviators Louis Blériot and Gabriel Voisin.
The Blériot IX was an unsuccessful early French aeroplane built by Louis Blériot.
The Blériot V was an early French aircraft built by Louis Blériot in 1907 and was his first monoplane.
The Blériot VI "Libellule" ("Dragonfly"), was built in 1907 and was one of the series of experimental aircraft built by Louis Blériot which eventually led to the Blériot XI aircraft in which he made the first flight across the English Channel.
The Blériot VII was an early French aeroplane built by Louis Blériot.
The Blériot VIII was a French pioneer era aeroplane built by Louis Blériot, significant for its adoption of both a configuration and a control system that were to set a standard for decades to come.
The Blériot X was an unfinished early French aeroplane by Louis Blériot.
The Blériot XI is a French aircraft of the pioneer era of aviation.
The Blériot XII was an early French aeroplane built by Louis Blériot.
The Blériot-Whippet was a British 4 wheeled cyclecar made from 1920 to 1927 by the Air Navigation and Engineering Company based in Addlestone, Surrey.
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school.
The Boeing Company is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, rockets, satellites, and missiles worldwide.
Bouy is a commune of the Marne department in northeastern France.
In aeronautics, bracing comprises additional structural members which stiffen the functional airframe to give it rigidity and strength under load.
Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.
The Class 221 Super Voyager is a class of diesel-electric multiple-unit express trains built in Bruges, Belgium, by Bombardier Transportation in 2001/02.
Brooklands was a motor racing circuit and aerodrome built near Weybridge in Surrey, England, United Kingdom.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary, and one of the largest cities in the European Union.
A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
A canard is an aeronautical arrangement wherein a small forewing or foreplane is placed forward of the main wing of a fixed-wing aircraft.
Cap Blanc-Nez (literally "Cape White Nose" in English; from Dutch Blankenesse, white headland) is a cape on the Côte d'Opale, in the Pas-de-Calais département, in northern France.
Cavalcade is a 1933 American epic Pre-Code drama film directed by Frank Lloyd.
Charles, Count de Lambert (30 December 1865, in Funchal – 26 February 1944, in Saint-Sylvain-d'Anjou) was an early European aviator.
Charles Augustus Lindbergh (February 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974), nicknamed Lucky Lindy, The Lone Eagle, and Slim was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.
The Cimetière des Gonards is the largest cemetery in Versailles on the outskirts of Paris.
Clément Ader (2 April 1841 – 3 May 1925) was a French inventor and engineer who was born in Muret, Haute-Garonne (a distant suburb of Toulouse), and died in Toulouse.
The Collège Sainte-Barbe is a former school in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.
A compass is an instrument used for navigation and orientation that shows direction relative to the geographic cardinal directions (or points).
A crankshaft—related to crank—is a mechanical part able to perform a conversion between reciprocating motion and rotational motion.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
Between 1907 and 1925, the Daily Mail newspaper, initially on the initiative of its proprietor, Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, awarded numerous prizes for achievements in aviation.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Dover Castle is a medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England.
The Duke of York’s Royal Military School, more commonly called the Duke of York’s, is a co-educational Academy (for students aged 11 to 18) with military traditions in Dover, Kent.
E.N.V. was an early manufacturer of aircraft engines, originally called the London and Parisian Motor Company their first model appearing in 1908.
The Early Birds of Aviation is an organization devoted to the history of early pilots.
Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910.
Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
Ernest Archdeacon (Paris, 1863 – Versailles, 1950), was a wealthy French lawyer of Irish descent who was prominent in the pioneering of aviation in France before the First World War.
The Exposition Universelle of 1900 was a world's fair held in Paris, France, from 14 April to 12 November 1900, to celebrate the achievements of the past century and to accelerate development into the next.
Farman Aviation Works (Avions Farman) was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard, Henri, and Maurice Farman.
The Fédération aéronautique internationale (FAI; The World Air Sports Federation), is the world governing body for air sports.
The flag of France (Drapeau français) is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
Flight training is a course of study used when learning to pilot an aircraft.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Gabriel Voisin (February 5, 1880 – December 25, 1973) was an aviation pioneer and the creator of Europe's first manned, engine-powered, heavier-than-air aircraft capable of a sustained (1 km), circular, controlled flight, which was made by Henry Farman on January 13, 1908 near Paris, France.
Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an American aviation and motorcycling pioneer, and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry.
The Gordon Bennett Aviation Trophy was an international airplane racing trophy awarded by James Gordon Bennett Jr., the American owner and publisher of the New York Herald newspaper.
The Grande Semaine d'Aviation de la Champagne was an aviation meet held near Reims in France during August 1909.
Hendon is a London suburb in the Borough of Barnet, northwest of Charing Cross.
Henri Farman (26 May 1874 – 17 July 1958) was an Anglo-French aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman.
Arthur Charles Hubert Latham (10 January 1883 – 25 June 1912) was a French aviation pioneer.
Hungary (Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of in the Carpathian Basin, bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, and Slovenia to the west.
The Institut de France (Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five académies, the most famous of which is the Académie française.
An inventor is a person who creates or discovers a new method, form, device or other useful means that becomes known as an invention.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
Jean-Pierre Blanchard (4 July 1753 – 7 March 1809) was a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight.
Sir John Benjamin Stone (9 February 1838 – 2 July 1914), known as Benjamin, was a British Conservative politician and photographer.
John Jeffries (5 February 1745 – 16 September 1819) was a Boston physician, scientist, and a military surgeon with the British Army in Nova Scotia and New York during the American Revolution.
Juvisy-sur-Orge is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Léon Levavasseur (8 January 1863 – 26 February 1922) was a French powerplant engineer, aircraft designer and inventor.
Le Matin was a French daily newspaper first published in 1884 and discontinued in 1944.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Lelystad Airport is an airport south southeast of the city of Lelystad in the Netherlands.
Les Invalides, commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.
This is a list of firsts in aviation.
The Louis Blériot medal is an aviation honor awarded by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI), the international aviation record adjudicating body.
The Marconi Company was a British telecommunications and engineering company that did business under that name from 1963 to 1987.
A monoplane is a fixed-wing aircraft with a single main wing plane, in contrast to a biplane or other multiplane, each of which has multiple planes.
A moonlet, minor moon, minor natural satellite or minor satellite is a particularly small natural satellite orbiting a planet, dwarf planet or other minor planet.
The Musée des Arts et Métiers (Museum of Arts and Trades) is an industrial design museum in Paris that houses the collection of the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (National Conservatory of Arts and Industry), which was founded in 1794 as a repository for the preservation of scientific instruments and inventions.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Myron Timothy Herrick (October 9, 1854March 31, 1929) was a Republican politician from Ohio.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
Newark Liberty International Airport, originally Newark Metropolitan Airport and later Newark International Airport, is the primary airport serving the U.S. state of New Jersey.
Nova (stylized NOVΛ) is an American popular science television series produced by WGBH Boston.
Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres (69 miles) southwest of Paris.
An ornithopter (from Greek ornithos "bird" and pteron "wing") is an aircraft that flies by flapping its wings.
Panhard is a French manufacturer of light tactical and military vehicles.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Patrick Young Alexander (28 March 1867 – 7 July 1943) was a British aeronautical pioneer fascinated by the possibility of heavier-than-air flight.
The Pertuisane class (sometimes referred to as the Rochefortais class as they were all build in Rochefort) was a group of four destroyers built for the French Navy in the first decade of the 20th century.
The Pyrenees (Pirineos, Pyrénées, Pirineus, Pirineus, Pirenèus, Pirinioak) is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899.
The rings of Saturn are the most extensive ring system of any planet in the Solar System.
Rivendell Bicycle Works is a producer of lugged steel bicycle frames, located in Walnut Creek, California, United States.
Robert Albert Charles Esnault-Pelterie (November 8, 1881 – December 6, 1957) was a pioneering French aircraft designer and spaceflight theorist.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Sangatte is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department on the northern coast of France on the English Channel.
The 14-bis (Quatorze-bis), also known as Oiseau de proie ("bird of prey" in French), was a pioneer era canard biplane designed and built by Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont.
In France, secondary education is in two stages.
A sett, usually referred to in the plural and known in some places as a Belgian block or sampietrino, is a broadly rectangular quarried stone used for paving roads.
SNCASO (abbreviated from Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest, or commonly, Sud-Ouest) was a French aircraft manufacturer, which was formed in November 16, 1936, from the merger of the factories of Blériot of Suresnes, Bloch of Villacoublay and Courbevoie, SASO (Société Aéronautique du Sud-Ouest) of Bordeaux-Mérignac, UCA (Usine de Construction Aéronautique) of Bordeaux-Bègles, Société Aérienne Bordelaise (SAB) of Bordeaux-Bacalan and Lioré et Olivier of Rochefort.
SPAD (Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés) was a French aircraft manufacturer active between 1911 and 1921.
The SPAD S.XIII was a French biplane fighter aircraft of the First World War, developed by Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés (SPAD) from the earlier and highly successful SPAD S.VII. During early 1917, the French designer Louis Béchereau, spurred by the approaching obsolescence of the S.VII, decided to develop two new fighter aircraft, the S.XII and the S.XIII, both utilizing a powerful new geared version of the successful Hispano-Suiza 8A engine. The cannon armament of the S.XII was unpopular with most pilots, but the S.XIII proved to be one of the most capable fighters of the war, as well as one of the most-produced, with 8,472 built and orders for around 10,000 more cancelled at the Armistice.Sharpe 2000, p. 272. By the end of the First World War, the S.XIII had equipped virtually every fighter squadron of the ''Aéronautique Militaire''. In addition, the United States Army Air Service also procured the type in bulk during the conflict, and some replaced or supplemented S.VIIs in the Royal Flying Corps (RFC), pending the arrival of Sopwith Dolphins. It proved popular with its pilots; numerous aces from various nations flew the S.XIII during their flying careers. Following the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, which effectively marked the end of the First World War, surplus S.XIIIs were sold in great numbers to both civil and military operators throughout the world.
Suresnes is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
QAC Quickie Q2 A tandem wing aircraft has two main wings, with one located forward and the other to the rear.
Tarbes (Tarba) is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region of southwestern France.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Times is a British daily (Monday to Saturday) national newspaper based in London, England.
Toury is a commune in the Eure-et-Loir department in northern France.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Versailles is a city in the Yvelines département in Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Virgin Trains (legal name West Coast Trains Limited) is a train operating company in the United Kingdom owned by Virgin Rail Group that has operated the InterCity West Coast franchise since 9 March 1997.
Voisin was a French aircraft manufacturing company, one of the first in the world.
The 1907 Voisin biplane (designated the Voisin II by the 1913 edition of Jane's All the World's Aircraft), was the first successful powered aircraft designed by aeronautical engineer and manufacturer Gabriel Voisin.
Wissant (from Dutch "wit zand"; equal to English "white sand") is a seaside commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane.