75 relations: Aachen, Accolade, Agnes of Loon, Agnes of Waiblingen, Al-Kamil, Apulia, Arnold I, Count of Loon, Arnold II, Count of Looz, Assassins, Bamberg, Bavaria, Beatrice II, Countess of Burgundy, Berthold, Duke of Merania, Conrad of Wittelsbach, Conrad, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Counts of Andechs, Crusade of 1197, Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern, Egypt, Electoral Palatinate, Ermesinde of Luxembourg, Countess of Namur, Frederick I, Duke of Swabia, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick, Duke of Bohemia, Gebhard III of Sulzbach, Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld, Henry (VII) of Germany, Henry II, Margrave of Istria, Henry of Kalden, Henry the Lion, Henry VI, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, Herman V, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Hoftag, Hohenstaufen, House of Welf, House of Wittelsbach, John of Brienne, Kelheim, Landau an der Isar, Landshut, Laufen, Germany, Leopold V, Duke of Austria, List of Counts Palatine of the Rhine, List of rulers of Bavaria, Louis I, Count of Loon, Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, Ludmilla of Bohemia, Mainz, ..., March of Istria, March of the Nordgau, Otto I, Count of Scheyern, Otto I, Duke of Bavaria, Otto I, Duke of Merania, Otto II, Duke of Bavaria, Otto IV, Count of Scheyern, Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto VIII, Count Palatine of Bavaria, Ottokar I of Bohemia, Pelagio Galvani, Philip of Swabia, Pope Celestine III, Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg, Scheyern Abbey, Sicily, Sophia of Hungary, Straubing, Third Crusade, Trausnitz Castle, Ulric I, Margrave of Carniola, Ulrich II (bishop of Passau), Vohburg, Würzburg, Worms, Germany. Expand index (25 more) » « Shrink index
Aachen or Bad Aachen, French and traditional English: Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city.
The accolade (also known as dubbing or adoubement) (benedictio militis) was the central act in the rite of passage ceremonies conferring knighthood in the Middle Ages.
Agnes of Loon (1150–1191), was a duchess consort of Bavaria, married to Otto I of Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria.
Agnes of Waiblingen (1072/73 – 24 September 1143), also known as Agnes of Germany, Agnes of Poitou and Agnes of Saarbrücken, was a member of the Salian imperial family.
Al-Kamil (الكامل) (full name: al-Malik al-Kamil Naser ad-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammad) (c. 1177 – 6 March 1238) was a Kurdish ruler, the fourth Ayyubid sultan of Egypt.
Apulia (Puglia; Pùglia; Pulia; translit) is a region of Italy in Southern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Òtranto and Gulf of Taranto to the south.
Arnold I (approx 1050 - approx 1130), Count of Looz (Loon) (from approx 1079), son of Emmo, Count of Loon, and Suanhildis, daughter of Dirk III, Count of Holland, and his wife Othelandis.
Arnold II (or Arnulf, Arnoul) (died 1146), Count of Looz, son of Arnold I, Count of Looz, and Agnes von Mainz, daughter of Gerhard I, Count of Rieneck, and Helwig von Bliescastel.
Order of Assassins or simply Assassins (أساسين asāsīn, حشاشین Hashâshīn) is the common name used to refer to an Islamic sect formally known as the Nizari Ismailis.
Bamberg is a town in Upper Franconia, Germany, on the river Regnitz close to its confluence with the river Main.
Bavaria (Bavarian and Bayern), officially the Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern), is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner.
Beatrice II (1193 – 7 May 1231) reigned Countess Palatine of Burgundy from 1205 until her death.
Berthold IV (c. 1159 – 12 August 1204), a member of the House of Andechs, was Margrave of Istria and Carniola (as Berthold II).
Conrad of Wittelsbach (ca. 1120/1125 – 25 October 1200) was the Archbishop of Mainz (as Conrad I) and Archchancellor of Germany from 20 June 1161 to 1165 and again from 1183 to his death.
Conrad of Hohenstaufen (– 8 November 1195) was the first hereditary Count Palatine of the Rhine.
The House of Andechs was a feudal line of German princes in 12th and 13th century.
The Crusade of 1197, also known as the Crusade of Henry VI (Kreuzzug Heinrichs VI.) or the German Crusade (Deutscher Kreuzzug) was a crusade launched by the Hohenstaufen emperor Henry VI in response to the aborted attempt of his father, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa during the Third Crusade in 1189–90.
Eckhard I of Scheyern, also Ekkehard von Scheyern (died before 11 May 1091), was a son of Otto I, Count of Scheyern.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The County Palatine of the Rhine (Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (Kurfürstentum von der Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.
Ermesinde of Luxembourg (– 24 June 1143) was a German noblewoman.
Frederick I (c. 1050 – before 21 July 1105) was Duke of Swabia from 1079 to his death, the first ruler from the House of Hohenstaufen (Staufer).
Frederick I (Friedrich I, Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 2 January 1155 until his death.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
Frederick (Bedřich) (– 25 March 1189), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1172 to 1173 and again from 1178 to his death.
Count Gebhard III of Sulzbach (also: Gebhard II of Sulzbach; born around 1114; † 28. October 1188) came from the noble Counts of Sulzbach and was a son of Count Berengar II of Sulzbach and his second wife, Adelheid of Dießen-Wolfratshausen.
Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld (also known as Eilika; – 14 September 1170; buried in Ensdorf Abbey) was by marriage Countess Palatine of Bavaria.
Henry (VII) (1211 – 12 February ? 1242), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was King of Sicily from 1212 until 1217 and King of Germany (formally Rex Romanorum) from 1220 until 1235, as son and co-ruler of Emperor Frederick II.
Henry II, Margrave of Istria (sometimes called Henry IV), born c.1175 and died 18 July 1228 in Windischgraz, was a noble from the House of Andechs who ruled the March of Istria-Krain and the County of Stein (Kamnik in Oberkrain) from 1204 to 1228.
Henry of Kalden (Heinrich von Kalden; – after 1214) was a ministerialis in the service of the German kings Henry VI, Philip, Otto IV, and Frederick II.
Henry the Lion (Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131 – 6 August 1195) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180.
Henry VI "the Younger" of Brunswick, of the House of Welf, was Count Palatine of the Rhine from 1212 to 1214.
Henry VI (Heinrich VI) (November 1165 – 28 September 1197), a member of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1190 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 until his death.
Herman V, Margrave of Baden-Baden (c. 1180 – 16 January 1243) ruled Verona and Baden from 1190 until his death.
A Hoftag (pl. Hoftage) was the name given to an informal and irregular assembly convened by the King of the Romans, the Holy Roman Emperor or one of the Princes of the Empire, with selected chief princes within the empire.
The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
The House of Welf (also Guelf or Guelph) is a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th to 20th century and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia in the 18th century.
The House of Wittelsbach is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.
John of Brienne (1170 – 27 March 1237), also known as John I, was King of Jerusalem from 1210 to 1225 and Latin Emperor of Constantinople from 1229 to 1237.
Kelheim is a town and municipality in Bavaria, Germany.
Landau an der Isar (official name: Landau a.d.Isar) is the second largest town in the Lower Bavarian district, or Landkreis, of Dingolfing-Landau, in the state of Bavaria, Germany.
Landshut (Landsad) is a town in Bavaria in the south-east of Germany.
Laufen is a town on the southeastern border of Bavaria with Austria.
Leopold V (1157 – 31 December 1194), known as the Virtuous (der Tugendhafte), a member of the House of Babenberg, was Duke of Austria from 1177 and Duke of Styria from 1192 until his death.
The Elector of the Palatinate (Kurfürst von der Pfalz) ruled the Palatinate of the Rhine in the Kingdom of Germany and the Holy Roman Empire from 915 to 1803.
The following is a list of rulers during the history of Bavaria.
Louis I, Count of Loon (Looz) (after 1107 – 11 August 1171) was the Count of Loon, which he inherited from his father.
Louis IV the Saint (Ludwig IV.; 28 October 1200 – 11 September 1227), a member of the Ludovingian dynasty, was Landgrave of Thuringia and Saxon Count palatine from 1217 until his death.
Ludmilla of Bohemia (died 14 August 1240) was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bohemia, and his wife, Elizabeth of Hungary.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
The March of Istria (or Margraviate of Istria) was originally a Carolingian frontier march covering the Istrian peninsula and surrounding territory conquered by Charlemagne's son Pepin of Italy in 789.
The March of the Nordgau (Markgrafschaft Nordgau) or Bavarian Nordgau (Bayerischer Nordgau) was a medieval administrative unit (Gau) on the frontier of the German Duchy of Bavaria.
Otto I, Count of Scheyern (some authors call him Otto II of Scheyern; – before 4 December 1072) was the most ancient ancestor of the House of Wittelsbach whose relation with the House can be properly verified.
Otto I (1117 – 11 July 1183), called the Redhead (der Rotkopf), was Duke of Bavaria from 1180 until his death.
Otto I (c. 1180 – 7 May 1234), a member of the House of Andechs, was Duke of Merania from 1204 until his death.
Otto II of Bavaria (Otto II der Erlauchte, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, 7 April 1206 in Kelheim – 29 November 1253) known as Otto the Illustrious was the Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine (see Electorate of the Palatinate).
Otto V, Count of Wittelsbach (– 4 August 1156) also called Otto IV, Count of Scheyern was the second son of Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern.
Otto IV (1175 – 19 May 1218) was one of two rival kings of Germany from 1198 on, sole king from 1208 on, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1209 until he was forced to abdicate in 1215.
Otto VIII, Count of Bavaria (before 1180 – 7 March 1209 was Count Palatine of Bavaria from 1189 to 1209.
Ottokar I (Přemysl I. Otakar; c. 1155 – 1230) was Duke of Bohemia periodically beginning in 1192, then acquired the title King of Bohemia, first in 1198 from Philip of Swabia, later in 1203 from Otto IV of Brunswick and in 1212 from Frederick.
Pelagio Galvani (b. ca. 1165, Gusendos, León — d. 30 January 1230, Montecassino) was a Leonese Cardinal, and canon lawyer.
Philip of Swabia (February/March 1177 – 21 June 1208) was a prince of the House of Hohenstaufen and King of Germany from 1198 to 1208.
Pope Celestine III (Caelestinus III; c. 1106 – 8 January 1198), born Giacinto Bobone, reigned from 30 March or 10 April 1191 to his death in 1198.
The Prince-Bishopric of Bamberg (Hochstift Bamberg) was an ecclesiastical State of the Holy Roman Empire.
Scheyern Abbey, formerly also Scheyern Priory (Kloster Scheyern) is a house of the Benedictine Order in Scheyern in Bavaria.
Sicily (Sicilia; Sicìlia) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
Sophia of Hungary (– 18 June 1095), a member of the royal Árpád dynasty, was a Margravine of Istria and Carniola from about 1062 until 1070, by her first marriage with Margrave Ulric I, as well as Duchess of Saxony from 1072 until her death, by her second marriage with Duke Magnus Billung.
Straubing is an independent city in Lower Bavaria, southern Germany.
The Third Crusade (1189–1192), was an attempt by European Christian leaders to reconquer the Holy Land following the capture of Jerusalem by the Ayyubid sultan, Saladin, in 1187.
Trausnitz Castle is a medieval castle situated in Landshut, Bavaria in Germany.
Ulric I (Ulrich I.), also Odalric or Udalrich (died 6 March 1070), Count of Weimar-Orlamünde, was margrave of Carniola from 1045 and of Istria from 1060 to his death.
Ulrich II (died 31 October 1221) was the 34th Bishop of Passau from 1215 and the first prince-bishop from 1217.
Vohburg is a town in the district of Pfaffenhofen, in Bavaria, Germany.
Würzburg (Main-Franconian: Wörtzburch) is a city in the region of Franconia, northern Bavaria, Germany.
Worms is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, situated on the Upper Rhine about south-southwest of Frankfurt-am-Main.