34 relations: Apple Inc., AT&T Corporation, Berkeley Software Distribution, Chgrp, Chown, Command-line interface, Computing, Darwin (operating system), Dir (command), Directory (computing), Du (Unix), Free software, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD, GNU, GNU Core Utilities, Group identifier, Hard link, Hidden file and hidden directory, List of Unix commands, Man page, Multics, NetBSD, Open source, OpenBSD, POSIX, Single UNIX Specification, Spotlight (software), Unix, Unix file types, Unix filesystem, Unix-like, User identifier, Working directory.
Apple Inc. (commonly known as Apple) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
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AT&T Corp., originally the American Telephone and Telegraph Company, is the subsidiary of AT&T that provides voice, video, data, and Internet telecommunications and professional services to businesses, consumers, and government agencies.
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Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) is a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
The chgrp (from change group) command may be used by unprivileged users on Unix-like systems to change the group associated with a file system object (such as a file, directory, or link) to one of which they are a member.
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The chown command (abbreviation for change owner) is used on Unix-like systems to change the owner of a file.
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A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface, and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
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Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating algorithmic processes—e.g. through computers.
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Darwin is an open source Unix computer operating system released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
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In computing, dir (directory) is a command used for file and directory listing, specifically in the command line interface (CLI) of the operating systems CP/M, DOS, OS/2, Singularity, Microsoft Windows and in the DCL command line interface used on VMS, RT-11 and RSX-11.
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In computing, a directory is a file system cataloging structure which contains references to other computer files, and possibly other directories.
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du (abbreviated from disk usage) is a standard Unix program used to estimate file space usage—space used under a particular directory or files on a file system.
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Free software, software libre, or libre software is computer software that gives users the freedom to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute the software and the adapted versions.
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The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
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FreeBSD is a free Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
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GNU is an extensive collection of computer software that can be used to build a Unix-like operating system.
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The GNU Core Utilities or coreutils is a package of GNU software containing many of the basic tools, such as cat, ls, and rm, needed for Unix-like operating systems.
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In Unix-like systems, multiple users can be categorized into groups.
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In computing, a hard link is a directory entry that associates a name with a file on a file system.
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In computing, a hidden folder (sometimes hidden directory) or hidden file is a folder or file which filesystem utilities do not display by default when showing a directory listing.
This is a list of Unix commands as specified by IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, which is part of the Single UNIX Specification (SUS).
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A man page (short for manual page) is a form of online software documentation usually found on a Unix or Unix-like operating system.
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Multics ("Multiplexed Information and Computing Service") was an influential early time-sharing operating system.
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NetBSD is an open-source, Unix-like operating system that descends from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
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In production and development, open source as a development model promotes a universal access via a free license to a product's design or blueprint, and universal redistribution of that design or blueprint, including subsequent improvements to it by anyone.
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OpenBSD is a Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
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POSIX, an acronym for Portable Operating System Interface, is a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.
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The Single UNIX Specification (SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for computer operating systems, compliance with which is required to qualify for the name "Unix".
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Spotlight is a system-wide desktop search feature of Apple's OS X and iOS operating systems.
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Unix (all-caps UNIX for the trademark) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, developed in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
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For normal files in the file system, Unix does not impose or provide any internal file structure.
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In Unix and operating systems inspired by it, the file system is considered a central component of the operating system.
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A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
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Unix-like operating systems identify a user within the kernel by a value called a user identifier, often abbreviated to user ID or UID.
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In computing, the working directory of a process is a directory of a hierarchical file system, if any, dynamically associated with each process.
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