113 relations: Acoustic lubrication, Acrylate polymer, Air bearing, Alkylbenzenes, American Petroleum Institute, Antioxidant, Antiwear additive, Automatic transmission, Automatic transmission fluid, Ball bearing, Bearing (mechanical), Biodiesel, Boron nitride, Brake fluid, Bronze, Butylated hydroxytoluene, Cadmium, Canola, Castor oil, Catalysis, Combustion, Compacted oxide layer glaze, Compressor, Corrosion, Corrosion inhibitor, Crankcase, Defoamer, Detergent, Diesel engine, Diesel fuel, Distillation, Dry lubricant, Ester, European Automobile Manufacturers Association, Extreme pressure additive, Fat, Fluid bearing, Fluorocarbon, Friction, Friction modifier, Frying pan, Fuel, Gas turbine, Gear oil, Gold, Graphite, Grease (lubricant), Heat capacity, Hydraulic fluid, Independent Lubricant Manufacturer Association, ..., Industrial Revolution, Internal combustion engine, Japanese Automotive Standards Organization, Joint replacement, Landfill, Lanolin, Lead, Liquid, Lubrication, Lubricity, Metal deactivator, Mineral oil, Molybdenum disulfide, Motor oil, Moving parts, National Lubricating Grease Institute, NNFCC, Oil, Oil additive, Oil analysis, Olive oil, Organic compound, Organophosphate, Palm oil, Penetrating oil, Petroleum, Polymer brush, Polyolefin, Polytetrafluoroethylene, Pour point, Rapeseed, Reciprocating engine, Recycling, Redox, Rolling-element bearing, SAE International, Silicone, Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers, Spiral bevel gear, Sulfur, Sunflower oil, Surface tension, Tall oil, Tin, Torque converter, Transmission (mechanics), Tribology, Tricresyl phosphate, Triglyceride, Tungsten disulfide, Turbocharger, Two-stroke oil, Vacuum distillation, Vacuum Oil Company, Vegetable oil, Viscosity, Viscosity index, Wear, Whale oil, Working fluid, Zinc, Zinc dithiophosphate, 1,3-Butadiene. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
Acoustic or sonic lubrication occurs when sound (measurable in a vacuum by placing a microphone on one element of the sliding system) permits vibration to introduce separation between the sliding faces.
Acrylate polymers belong to a group of polymers which could be referred to generally as plastics.
Air bearings (also known as aerostatic or aerodynamic bearings) are bearings that use a thin film of pressurized gas to provide a low friction load-bearing interface between surfaces.
The alkylbenzenes are derivatives of benzene, in which one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by alkyl groups of different sizes.
The American Petroleum Institute (API) is the largest U.S. trade association for the oil and natural gas industry.
Antioxidants are molecules that inhibit the oxidation of other molecules.
AW additives, or antiwear additives, are additives for lubricants to prevent metal-to-metal contact between parts of gears.
An automatic transmission, also called auto, self-shifting transmission, n-speed automatic (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually.
Automatic transmission fluid (ATF), also known as transmission fluid or tranny fluid for short, is the fluid used in vehicles with self-shifting or automatic transmissions.
A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.
A bearing is a machine element that constrains relative motion to only the desired motion, and reduces friction between moving parts.
Biodiesel refers to a vegetable oil- or animal fat-based diesel fuel consisting of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters.
Boron nitride is a heat and chemically resistant refractory compound of boron and nitrogen with the chemical formula BN.
Brake fluid is a type of hydraulic fluid used in hydraulic brake and hydraulic clutch applications in automobiles, motorcycles, light trucks, and some bicycles.
Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminium, manganese, nickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenic, phosphorus or silicon.
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties.
Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48.
Canola oil, or canola for short, is a vegetable oil derived from rapeseed that is low in erucic acid, as opposed to colza oil.
Castor oil is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis).
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
Combustion, or burning, is a high-temperature exothermic redox chemical reaction between a fuel (the reductant) and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
Compacted oxide layer glaze describes the often shiny, wear-protective layer of oxide formed when two metals (or a metal and ceramic) are slid against each other at high temperature in an oxygen-containing atmosphere.
A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume.
Corrosion is a natural process, which converts a refined metal to a more chemically-stable form, such as its oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.
A corrosion inhibitor is a chemical compound that, when added to a liquid or gas, decreases the corrosion rate of a material, typically a metal or an alloy.
A crankcase is the housing for the crankshaft in a reciprocating internal combustion engine.
A defoamer or an anti-foaming agent is a chemical additive that reduces and hinders the formation of foam in industrial process liquids.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions.
The diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition or CI engine), named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel which is injected into the combustion chamber is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to mechanical compression (adiabatic compression).
Diesel fuel in general is any liquid fuel used in diesel engines, whose fuel ignition takes place, without any spark, as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation.
Dry lubricants or solid lubricants are materials that, despite being in the solid phase, are able to reduce friction between two surfaces sliding against each other without the need for a liquid oil medium.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
The European Automobile Manufacturers Association (Association des Constructeurs Européens d'Automobiles; abbreviated ACEA) is the main lobbying and standards group of the automobile industry in the European Union.
Extreme pressure additives, or EP additives, are additives for lubricants with a role to decrease wear of the parts of the gears exposed to very high pressures.
Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein.
Fluid bearings are bearings in which the load is supported by a thin layer of rapidly moving pressurized liquid or gas between the bearing surfaces.
Fluorocarbons, sometimes referred to as perfluorocarbons or PFCs, are, strictly speaking, organofluorine compounds with the formula CxFy, i.e. they contain only carbon and fluorine, though the terminology is not strictly followed.
Friction is the force resisting the relative motion of solid surfaces, fluid layers, and material elements sliding against each other.
Friction modifiers are added to lubricants in order to reduce friction and wear in machine components.
A frying pan, frypan, or skillet is a flat-bottomed pan used for frying, searing, and browning foods.
A fuel is any material that can be made to react with other substances so that it releases energy as heat energy or to be used for work.
A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous combustion, internal combustion engine.
Gear oil is a lubricant made specifically for transmissions, transfer cases, and differentials in automobiles, trucks, and other machinery.
Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from aurum) and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally.
Graphite, archaically referred to as plumbago, is a crystalline allotrope of carbon, a semimetal, a native element mineral, and a form of coal.
Grease is a semisolid lubricant.
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to (or removed from) an object to the resulting temperature change.
A hydraulic fluid or hydraulic liquid is the medium by which power is transferred in hydraulic machinery.
The Independent Lubricant Manufacturer Association (ILMA) was established in 1948 it is a members only trade organization that represents the interests of lubricant manufacturers.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a heat engine where the combustion of a fuel occurs with an oxidizer (usually air) in a combustion chamber that is an integral part of the working fluid flow circuit.
The is an organization that sets automotive standards in Japan, analogous to the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) in the United States.
Replacement arthroplasty (from Greek arthron, joint, limb, articulate, + plassein, to form, mould, forge, feign, make an image of), or joint replacement surgery, is a procedure of orthopedic surgery in which an arthritic or dysfunctional joint surface is replaced with an orthopedic prosthesis.
A landfill site (also known as a tip, dump, rubbish dump, garbage dump or dumping ground and historically as a midden) is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial.
Lanolin (from Latin ‘wool’, and ‘oil’), also called wool wax or wool grease, is a wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a (nearly) constant volume independent of pressure.
Lubrication is the process or technique of using a lubricant to reduce friction and/or wear in a contact between two surfaces.
Lubricity is the measure of the reduction in friction and or wear by a lubricant.
Metal deactivators, or metal deactivating agents (MDA) are fuel additives and oil additives used to stabilize fluids by deactivating (usually by sequestering) metal ions, mostly introduced by the action of naturally occurring acids in the fuel and acids generated in lubricants by oxidative processes with the metallic parts of the systems.
Mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of higher alkanes from a mineral source, particularly a distillate of petroleum.
Molybdenum disulfide is an inorganic compound composed of molybdenum and sulfur.
Motor oil, engine oil, or engine lubricant is any of various substances comprising base oils enhanced with additives, particularly antiwear additive plus detergents, dispersants and, for multi-grade oils viscosity index improvers.
The moving parts of a machine are those parts of it that move.
The National Lubricating Grease Institute is an international trade association that serves the grease and gear lubricant industry.
NNFCC is a consultancy company specialising in bioenergy, biofuels and bio-based products.
An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").
Oil additives are chemical compounds that improve the lubricant performance of base oil (or oil "base stock").
Oil analysis (OA) is the laboratory analysis of a lubricant's properties, suspended contaminants, and wear debris.
Olive oil is a liquid fat obtained from olives (the fruit of Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Organophosphates (also known as phosphate esters) are a class of organophosphorus compounds with the general structure O.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis, and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.
Penetrating oil, also known as penetrating fluid, is very low-viscosity oil.
Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
A polymer brush is the name given to a surface coating consisting of polymers tethered to a surface.
A polyolefin is any of a class of polymers produced from a simple olefin (also called an alkene with the general formula CnH2n) as a monomer.
Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene that has numerous applications.
The pour point of a liquid is the temperature below which the liquid loses its flow characteristics.
Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as rape, oilseed rape, (and, in the case of one particular group of cultivars, canola), is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae (mustard or cabbage family), cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed.
A reciprocating engine, also often known as a piston engine, is typically a heat engine (although there are also pneumatic and hydraulic reciprocating engines) that uses one or more reciprocating pistons to convert pressure into a rotating motion.
Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
A rolling-element bearing, also known as a rolling bearing, is a bearing which carries a load by placing rolling elements (such as balls or rollers) between two bearing rings called races.
SAE International, initially established as the Society of Automotive Engineers, is a U.S.-based, globally active professional association and standards developing organization for engineering professionals in various industries.
Silicones, also known as polysiloxanes, are polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a chain of alternating silicon atoms and oxygen atoms, combined with carbon, hydrogen, and sometimes other elements.
The Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE) is a technical society that serves the needs of more than 10,000 individuals and 150 companies and organizations that comprise the tribology and lubrication engineering business sector, bringing together managers, engineers, scientists, technicians, academics, and government institutions from around the world to learn and share the “best practices” for the tribology and lubrication fields.
A spiral bevel gear is a bevel gear with helical teeth.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Sunflower oil is the non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower (Helianthus annuus).
Surface tension is the elastic tendency of a fluid surface which makes it acquire the least surface area possible.
Tall oil, also called "liquid rosin" or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the Kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping mainly coniferous trees.
Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn (from stannum) and atomic number 50.
A torque converter is a type of fluid coupling which transfers rotating power from a prime mover, like an internal combustion engine, to a rotating driven load.
A transmission is a machine in a power transmission system, which provides controlled application of the power.
Tribology is the science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion.
Tricresyl phosphate, abbreviated TCP, is an organophosphate compound that is used as a plasticizer and diverse other applications.
A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids (from tri- and glyceride).
Tungsten disulfide is the chemical compound with the formula WS2.
A turbocharger, or colloquially turbo, is a turbine-driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber.
Two-stroke oil (also referred to as two-cycle oil, 2-cycle oil, 2T oil, 2-stroke oil or petroil) is a special type of motor oil intended for use in crankcase compression two-stroke engines.
Vacuum distillation is a method of distillation performed under reduced pressure.
Vacuum Oil Company was an American oil company known for their Gargoyle 600-W Steam Cylinder Oil.
Vegetable oils, or vegetable fats, are fats extracted from seeds, or less often, from other parts of fruits.
The viscosity of a fluid is the measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress.
The viscosity index (VI) is an arbitrary, unitless measure of the change of viscosity with temperature, mostly used to characterize the viscosity-temperature behavior of lubricating oils.
Wear is the damaging, gradual removal or deformation of material at solid surfaces.
Whale oil is oil obtained from the blubber of whales.
A working fluid is a pressurized gas or liquid that actuates a machine.
Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30.
Zinc dialkyldithiophosphates (often referred to as ZDDP) are a family of coordination compounds developed in the 1940s that feature zinc bound to the anion of a dialkyldithiophosphoric acid (e.g. ammonium diethyl dithiophosphate).
1,3-Butadiene is the organic compound with the formula (CH2.