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Lucca is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio, in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea. [1]

181 relations: Abingdon-on-Thames, Aeronautics, Agostino Giuntoli, Alfredo Catalani, Alfredo Pacini, Alfredo Volpi, Amphitheatre, Anselm of Lucca, Antonio Vallisneri, Argentina, Ashkenazi Jews, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Basilica, Basilica of San Frediano, Battle of Altopascio, Belgium, Benedetto Brandimarte, Botanical garden, Buenos Aires, Byzantine Empire, Capitano del popolo, Carlo Sforza, Castruccio Castracani, Central Italy, Charles II, Duke of Parma, Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Colmar, Comics, Composer, Comune, Condottieri, Congress of Vienna, Convocation, Daniele Rugani, Dante Alighieri, Defensive wall, Democracy, Democratic Party (Italy), Ducal Palace, Lucca, Duchy of Lucca, Duchy of Parma, Elisa Bonaparte, Eric Clapton, Ernesto Filippi, Eros Riccio, Etruscan civilization, Felice Matteucci, Filippo Juvarra, Film, First Triumvirate, ..., Florence, Forum (Roman), France, Francesco Geminiani, Fridianus, Gemma Galgani, Genoa, Germany, Giacomo Puccini, Gioseffo Guami, Giosuè Carducci, Giovanni Arnolfini, Giovanni Battista Giusti (harpsichord maker), Giulio Carmassi, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Gogolin, Gorinchem, Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Guelphs and Ghibellines, Guglielmo Marconi, Guinigi Tower, Gusmano Cesaretti, Holy Face of Lucca, Holy Roman Emperor, House of Bourbon, Hugh of Lucca, Ireland, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Italian unification, Italo Meschi, Italy, Ivan Della Mea, Jews, Julius Caesar, Kalonymos family, Kingdom of Sardinia, La bohème, Leo Nomellini, Ligures, Liguria, List of Top Gear episodes, Lombard architecture, Lombards, Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Louis Maracci, Lucca Cathedral, Lucca Comics & Games, Lucca Conference, Lucca Sicula, Luchetto Gattilusio, Luigi Boccherini, Madama Butterfly, Malaspina family, Marcello Pera, March of Tuscany, Marco Rossi (footballer, born 1978), Marcus Licinius Crassus, Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca, Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, Mario Cipollini, Mario Pannunzio, Massive Attack, Mastino II della Scala, Matilda of Tuscany, Matteo Civitali, Mauro Bolognini, Medieval commune, Monk, Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi, Napoleon, Narses, National Museum of Villa Guinigi, Netherlands, Niccolò Machiavelli, Nicodemus, Odoacer, Oligarchy, Orto Botanico Comunale di Lucca, Palazzo Pfanner, Paulinus of Antioch, Piazza dell'Anfiteatro, Place of birth, Placebo (band), Poland, Pompeo Batoni, Pompey, Pope Lucius III, Province of Lucca, Pulpit, R. Torre & Company, Inc., Renaissance, Renato Salvatori, Republic of Lucca, Roger Waters, Rolando Ugolini, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lucca, Roman Empire, San Francisco, San Giorgio a Brancoli, Lucca, San Giusto, Lucca, San Michele in Foro, Sant'Alessandro, Lucca, Santa Giulia, Lucca, Santana (band), Schongau, Bavaria, Serchio, Siena, Silk, Simone Bianchi (artist), Sint-Niklaas, Sister city, South San Francisco, California, Sylva Koscina, Teatro del Giglio, Tejay van Garderen, Theodor Döhler, Top Gear (2002 TV series), Torre del Lago, Tracy Chapman, Tuscany, Tyrrhenian Sea, Uguccione della Faggiuola, United Kingdom, United States, Venice, Verona, Video game, Villa Garzoni, Vincenzo Lunardi, Young Husbands, Zita. Expand index (131 more) »

Abingdon-on-Thames

Abingdon-on-Thames, also known as Abingdon on Thames or just Abingdon, is a historic market town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire, England.

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Aeronautics

Aeronautics (from the ancient Greek words ὰήρ āēr, which means "air", and ναυτική nautikē which means "navigation", i.e. "navigation into the air") is the science or art involved with the study, design, and manufacturing of air flight capable machines, and the techniques of operating aircraft and rockets within the atmosphere.

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Agostino Giuntoli

Agostino "Bimbo" Giuntoli (September 22, 1903 – July 25, 1992) was an Italian-born American nightclub owner and entrepreneur.

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Alfredo Catalani

Alfredo Catalani (19 June 1854 – 7 August 1893) was an Italian operatic composer.

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Alfredo Pacini

Alfredo Pacini (February 10, 1888 – December 23, 1967) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

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Alfredo Volpi

Alfredo Volpi (April 14, 1896 – May 28, 1988), was a prominent painter of the artistic and cultural Brazilian modernist movement.

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Amphitheatre

An amphitheatre or amphitheater is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports.

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Anselm of Lucca

Saint Anselm of Lucca (Anselmus; Anselmo; 1036 – March 18, 1086), born Anselm of Baggio (Anselmo da Baggio), was a medieval bishop of Lucca in Italy and a prominent figure in the Investiture Controversy amid the fighting in central Italy between Matilda, countess of Tuscany, and Emperor Henry IV.

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Antonio Vallisneri

Antonio Vallisneri (Trassilico,3 May 1661 – Padua,18 January 1730) was an Italian medical scientist, physician and naturalist.

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Argentina

Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.

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Ashkenazi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or simply Ashkenazim (אַשְׁכְּנַזִּים, Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation:, singular:, Modern Hebrew:; also), are a Jewish diaspora population who coalesced in the Holy Roman Empire around the end of the first millennium.

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Bartolomeo Ammannati

Bartolomeo Ammannati (18 June 151113 April 1592) was an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Settignano, near Florence.

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Basilica

A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.

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Basilica of San Frediano

The Basilica of San Frediano is a Romanesque church in Lucca, Italy, situated on the Piazza San Frediano.

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Battle of Altopascio

The Battle of Altopascio was a battle fought in 1325 in Tuscany, between the Ghibelline forces of Lucca under Castruccio Castracani and those of Guelph Florence.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Benedetto Brandimarte

Benedetto Brandimarte (late-16th century) was an Italian painter of the late-Renaissance period.

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Botanical garden

A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.

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Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.

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Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).

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Capitano del popolo

Captain of the People (Capitano del popolo) was an administrative title used in Italy during the Middle Ages.

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Carlo Sforza

Count Carlo Sforza (24 January 1872 – 4 September 1952) was an Italian diplomat and anti-Fascist politician.

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Castruccio Castracani

Castruccio Castracani degli Antelminelli (1281 – 3 September 1328) was an Italian condottiero and duke of Lucca.

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Central Italy

Central Italy (Italia centrale or just Centro) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a first level NUTS region and a European Parliament constituency.

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Charles II, Duke of Parma

Charles Louis (Carlo Ludovico; 22 December 1799 – 16 April 1883) was King of Etruria (1803–1807; reigned as Louis II), Duke of Lucca (1824–1847; reigned as Charles I), and Duke of Parma (1847–1849; reigned as Charles II).

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Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles IV (Karel IV., Karl IV., Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378Karl IV. In: (1960): Geschichte in Gestalten (History in figures), vol. 2: F-K. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor.

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Colmar

Colmar (Alsatian: Colmer; German during 1871–1918 and 1940–1945: Kolmar) is the third-largest commune of the Alsace region in north-eastern France.

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Comics

a medium used to express ideas by images, often combined with text or other visual information.

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Composer

A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

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Comune

The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

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Condottieri

Condottieri (singular condottiero and condottiere) were the leaders of the professional military free companies (or mercenaries) contracted by the Italian city-states and the Papacy from the late Middle Ages and throughout the Renaissance.

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Congress of Vienna

The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.

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Convocation

A convocation (from the Latin convocare meaning "to call/come together", a translation of the Greek ἐκκλησία ekklēsia) is a group of people formally assembled for a special purpose, mostly ecclesiastical or academic.

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Daniele Rugani

Daniele Rugani (born 29 July 1994) is an Italian footballer who plays as a centre back for Serie A club Juventus and the Italy national team.

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Dante Alighieri

Durante degli Alighieri, commonly known as Dante Alighieri or simply Dante (c. 1265 – 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages.

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Defensive wall

A defensive wall is a fortification usually used to protect a city, town or other settlement from potential aggressors.

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Democracy

Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.

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Democratic Party (Italy)

The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.

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Ducal Palace, Lucca

The Ducal Palace (Italian: Palazzo Ducale) is a palace in Lucca, Tuscany, central Italy.

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Duchy of Lucca

The Duchy of Lucca was a small Italian state existing from 1815 to 1847.

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Duchy of Parma

The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, which was conquered by the Papal States in 1512.

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Elisa Bonaparte

Maria Anna (Marie Anne) Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi Levoy (3 January 1777 – 7 August 1820), Princesse Française, was an Italian ruler, Princess of Lucca and Piombino (1805-1814), Princess of Lucca (1805-1814), Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1809-1814) and Countess of Compignano by appointment of her brother Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Eric Clapton

Eric Patrick Clapton, (born 1945), is an English rock and blues guitarist, singer, and songwriter.

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Ernesto Filippi

Ernesto Filippi Cavani (born October 26, 1950 in Lucca, Italy) is a former Uruguayan football referee.

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Eros Riccio

Eros Riccio (December 1, 1977, Lucca) is an Italian International Correspondence Chess Grandmaster, Advanced Chess Champion and chess opening book author.

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Etruscan civilization

The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.

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Felice Matteucci

Felice Matteucci (February 12, 1808 – September 13, 1887) was an Italian hydraulic engineer who co-invented an internal combustion engine with Eugenio Barsanti.

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Filippo Juvarra

Filippo Juvarra (7 March, 1678 – 31 January 1736) was an Italian architect and stage set designer, active in a late-Baroque style.

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Film

A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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First Triumvirate

The First Triumvirate is a term historians use for an informal political alliance of three prominent men between 59 and 53 BC, during the late Roman Republic: Gaius Julius Caesar, Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great), and Marcus Licinius Crassus.

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Florence

Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.

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Forum (Roman)

A forum (Latin forum "public place outdoors", plural fora; English plural either fora or forums) was a public square in a Roman municipium, or any civitas, reserved primarily for the vending of goods; i.e., a marketplace, along with the buildings used for shops and the stoas used for open stalls.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Francesco Geminiani

Francesco Geminiani. Francesco Saverio Geminiani (baptised 5 December 1687 – 17 September 1762) was an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.

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Fridianus

Saint Fridianus (San Frediano, also Frigidanus, Frigidian, Frigianu), was an Irish prince and hermit, fl.

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Gemma Galgani

Maria Gemma Umberta Galgani (March 12, 1878 – April 11, 1903) was an Italian mystic, venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church since 1940.

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Genoa

Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.

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Germany

Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (22 December 1858 29 November 1924) was an Italian opera composer who has been called "the greatest composer of Italian opera after Verdi".

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Gioseffo Guami

Gioseffo Guami (27 January 1542 – 1611) (Gioseffo Giuseppe Guami or Gioseffo da Lucca) was an Italian composer, organist, violinist and singer of the late Renaissance Venetian School.

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Giosuè Carducci

Giosuè Alessandro Giuseppe Carducci (27 July 1835 – 16 February 1907) was an Italian poet and teacher.

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Giovanni Arnolfini

Giovanni di Nicolao Arnolfini (c. 1400 – after 1452) was a merchant from Lucca, a city in Tuscany, Italy, who spent most of his life in Flanders, then part of the Duchy of Burgundy, probably always based in Bruges, a wealthy trading city and one of the main towns of the Burgundian court.

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Giovanni Battista Giusti (harpsichord maker)

Giovanni Battista Giusti (c1624 - c1693) was a musical-instrument maker.

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Giulio Carmassi

Giuliano Giulio Giacomo Carmassi (born February 21, 1981, Lucca, Italy) is an Italian multi-instrumentalist.

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Giuseppe Ungaretti

Giuseppe Ungaretti (8 February 1888 – 2 June 1970) was an Italian modernist poet, journalist, essayist, critic, academic, and recipient of the inaugural 1970 Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

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Gogolin

Gogolin is a town in Poland, in Opole Voivodeship, in Krapkowice County.

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Gorinchem

Gorinchem, also called Gorkum, is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.

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Grand Duchy of Tuscany

The Grand Duchy of Tuscany (Granducato di Toscana, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was a central Italian monarchy that existed, with interruptions, from 1569 to 1859, replacing the Duchy of Florence.

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Guelphs and Ghibellines

The Guelphs and Ghibellines (guelfi e ghibellini) were factions supporting the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor, respectively, in the Italian city-states of central and northern Italy.

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Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.

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Guinigi Tower

The Torre Guinigi is the most important tower of Lucca, Tuscany, central Italy.

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Gusmano Cesaretti

Gusmano Cesaretti (born July 24, 1944) is a self-taught Italian photographer and artist born in Lucca, Italy to Bruno Cesaretti and Delfa Cesaretti.

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Holy Face of Lucca

The Holy Face of Lucca (Volto Santo di Lucca) is a venerated wooden corpus (body) of a crucifix in Lucca, Italy.

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Holy Roman Emperor

The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).

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House of Bourbon

The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.

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Hugh of Lucca

Hugh of Lucca was a medieval surgeon.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Italian National Institute of Statistics

The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy.

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Italian unification

Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.

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Italo Meschi

Italo Meschi (Italian) (9 December 1887 – 15 October 1957) was a harp guitarist from Lucca, Italy.

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Italy

Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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Ivan Della Mea

Ivan Della Mea (born Luigi Della Mea, 16 October 1940 – died 14 June 2009) was an Italian novelist, journalist, singer-songwriter and political activist.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Julius Caesar

Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.

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Kalonymos family

Kalonymos or Kalonymus (קלונימוס) is a prominent Jewish family who lived in Italy, which, after the settlement at Mainz and Speyer of several of its members, took during many generations a leading part in the development of Jewish learning in Germany.

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Kingdom of Sardinia

The Kingdom of SardiniaThe name of the state was originally Latin: Regnum Sardiniae, or Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae when the kingdom was still considered to include Corsica.

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La bohème

La bohème is an opera in four acts,Puccini called the divisions quadro, a tableau or "image", rather than atto (act).

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Leo Nomellini

Leo Joseph Nomellini (June 19, 1924 – October 17, 2000) was a Hall of Fame American football offensive and defensive tackle for the San Francisco 49ers and professional wrestler.

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Ligures

The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English: Ligurians, Greek: Λίγυες) were an ancient Indo-European people who appear to have originated in, and gave their name to, Liguria, a region of north-western Italy.

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Liguria

Liguria (Ligûria, Ligurie) is a coastal region of north-western Italy; its capital is Genoa.

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List of Top Gear episodes

Top Gear is a British television series that focuses on various motor vehicles, primarily cars, in which its hosts conduct reviews on new models, vintage classics, as well as tackling various motoring related challenges, and inviting celebrities to set a time on their specially designed race-course.

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Lombard architecture

The term Lombard architecture refers to the architecture of the Kingdom of the Lombards in Italy, which lasted from 568 to 774 (with residual permanence in southern Italy until the 10th-11th centuries) and which was commissioned by Lombard kings and dukes.

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Lombards

The Lombards or Longobards (Langobardi, Longobardi, Longobard (Western)) were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.

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Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Louis IV (Ludwig; 1 April 1282 – 11 October 1347), called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was King of the Romans from 1314, King of Italy from 1327, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1328.

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Louis Maracci

Louis (or Ludovico) Maracci (6 October 1612 – 5 February 1700), best known by name Lewis Maracci, was an Italian Oriental scholar and professor of Arabic in the College of Wisdom at Rome.

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Lucca Cathedral

Lucca Cathedral (Duomo di Lucca, Cattedrale di San Martino) is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours in Lucca, Italy.

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Lucca Comics & Games

Lucca Comics & Games is an annual comic book and gaming convention in Lucca, Tuscany, traditionally held at the end of October.

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Lucca Conference

At the Luca Conference, in 56 BC, (named for the town of Luca — modern Lucca — in Cisalpine Gaul) Caesar met with his political partners, Pompey and Crassus.

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Lucca Sicula

Lucca Sicula is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Agrigento in the Italian region Sicily, located about south of Palermo and about northwest of Agrigento.

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Luchetto Gattilusio

Luchetto Gattilusio (fl. 1248–1307) was a Genoese statesman, diplomat, and man of letters.

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Luigi Boccherini

Ridolfo Luigi Boccherini (February 19, 1743 – May 28, 1805) was an Italian composer and cellist of the Classical era whose music retained a courtly and "galante" style even while he matured somewhat apart from the major European musical centers.

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Madama Butterfly

Madama Butterfly (Madam Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa.

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Malaspina family

The Malaspina were a noble Italian family of langobard origin descended from Boniface I, Margrave of Tuscany through the Obertenghi line, which ruled Lunigiana from the 13th to the 14th century through many feuds and, since the 14th century, the marquisate of Massa and lordship of Carrara, then Duchy of Massa and Carrara, and latterly Principality of Massa and Marquisate of Carrara. Category:Italian noble families Category:Duchy of Massa and Carrara Category:Malaspina family Malaspina.

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Marcello Pera

Marcello Pera (born January 28, 1943.) is an Italian philosopher and politician.

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March of Tuscany

The March of Tuscany (Marca di Tuscia) was a frontier march of the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages.

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Marco Rossi (footballer, born 1978)

Marco Rossi (born 1 April 1978) is an Italian retired footballer who played as a right midfielder.

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Marcus Licinius Crassus

Marcus Licinius Crassus (c. 115 – 6 May 53 BC) was a Roman general and politician who played a key role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

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Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca

Maria Luisa of Spain (6 July 1782 – 13 March 1824) was a Spanish infanta, daughter of King Charles IV and his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma.

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Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma

Marie Louise (Maria Ludovica Leopoldina Franziska Therese Josepha Lucia; Italian: Maria Luigia Leopoldina Francesca Teresa Giuseppa Lucia; 12 December 1791 – 17 December 1847) was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death.

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Mario Cipollini

Mario Cipollini (born 22 March 1967), often abbreviated to "Cipo", is a retired Italian professional road cyclist most noted for his sprinting ability, the longevity of his dominance (his first pro win came in 1989, his last in 2005; 191 victories in all) and his colourful personality.

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Mario Pannunzio

Mario Pannunzio (5 March 1910 - 10 February 1968) was an Italian journalist and politician.

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Massive Attack

Massive Attack are a British musical group formed in 1988 in Bristol, consisting of Robert "3D" Del Naja, Grant "Daddy G" Marshall and formerly Andy "Mushroom" Vowles ("Mush").

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Mastino II della Scala

Mastino II della Scala (1308 – 3 June 1351) was lord of Verona.

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Matilda of Tuscany

Matilda of Tuscany (Italian: Matilde di Canossa, Latin: Matilda, Mathilda; 1046 – 24 July 1115) was a powerful feudal Margravine of Tuscany, ruler in northern Italy and the chief Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the Investiture Controversy; in addition, she was one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments, thanks to which she was able to dominate all the territories north of the Church States.

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Matteo Civitali

Matteo Civitali (1436–1501) was an Italian sculptor and architect, painter and engineer from Lucca.

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Mauro Bolognini

Mauro Bolognini (28 June 1922 – 14 May 2001) was an Italian film and stage director of literate sensibility, known for his masterly handling of period subject matter.

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Medieval commune

Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.

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Monk

A monk (from μοναχός, monachos, "single, solitary" via Latin monachus) is a person who practices religious asceticism by monastic living, either alone or with any number of other monks.

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Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi

The Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi is one of the two main art museum hosting tapestry collections and mainly post-19th century art collections owned by the city of Lucca, Italy.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Narses

Narses (also sometimes written Nerses; Նարսես; Ναρσής; 478–573) was, with Belisarius, one of the great generals in the service of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I during the Roman reconquest that took place during Justinian's reign.

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National Museum of Villa Guinigi

The Museo Nazionale di Villa Guinigi is the main art museum hosting the pre-modern art collections owned by the city of Lucca, Italy.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Niccolò Machiavelli

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.

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Nicodemus

Nicodemus (Νικόδημος) was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin mentioned in three places in the Gospel of John.

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Odoacer

Flavius Odoacer (c. 433Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. 2, s.v. Odovacer, pp. 791–793 – 493 AD), also known as Flavius Odovacer or Odovacar (Odoacre, Odoacer, Odoacar, Odovacar, Odovacris), was a soldier who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).

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Oligarchy

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.

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Orto Botanico Comunale di Lucca

The Orto Botanico Comunale di Lucca is a botanical garden located at Via del Giardino Botanico, 14, Lucca, Italy, and operated by the city.

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Palazzo Pfanner

The construction of Palazzo Pfanner dates back to 1660.

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Paulinus of Antioch

Saint Paulinus was an early Christian, who, along with a priest, deacon and soldier, -all of whose names were forgotten through time- suffered martyrdom in 67.

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Piazza dell'Anfiteatro

Piazza dell'Anfiteatro is a public square in the northeast quadrant of walled center of Lucca, region of Tuscany, Italy.

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Place of birth

The place of birth (POB) is the place where a person was born.

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Placebo (band)

Placebo are an alternative rock band, formed in London, England in 1994 by singer-guitarist Brian Molko and guitarist-bassist Stefan Olsdal.

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Poland

Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.

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Pompeo Batoni

Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (25 January 1708 – 4 February 1787) was an Italian painter who displayed a solid technical knowledge in his portrait work and in his numerous allegorical and mythological pictures.

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Pompey

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (29 September 106 BC – 28 September 48 BC), usually known in English as Pompey or Pompey the Great, was a military and political leader of the late Roman Republic.

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Pope Lucius III

Pope Lucius III (c. 1100 – 25 November 1185), born Ubaldo Allucingoli, reigned from 1 September 1181 to his death in 1185.

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Province of Lucca

The Province of Lucca (Provincia di Lucca) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy.

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Pulpit

Pulpit is a raised stand for preachers in a Christian church.

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R. Torre & Company, Inc.

R.

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Renaissance

The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.

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Renato Salvatori

Renato Salvatori (20 March 1933 – 27 March 1988) was an Italian multi-purpose character actor.

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Republic of Lucca

The Republic of Lucca was a historic state of Italy, which lasted from 1160 to 1805 on the central Italian peninsula.

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Roger Waters

George Roger Waters (born 6 September 1943) is an English songwriter, singer, bassist, and composer.

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Rolando Ugolini

Rolando Ugolini (4 June 1924 – 10 April 2014) was a footballer, who played as a goalkeeper for a number of British clubs.

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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lucca

The Italian Catholic Archdiocese of Lucca (Archidioecesis Lucensis) dates back as a diocese to the 1st century; it became an archdiocese in 1726.

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Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.

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San Francisco

San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.

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San Giorgio a Brancoli, Lucca

The Pieve di San Giorgio is a Romanesque-style, Roman Catholic rural parish church, located in the Pieve di Brancoli sector outside of the city of Lucca in Tuscany, Italy.

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San Giusto, Lucca

San Giusto is a church in Lucca, Tuscany, central Italy.

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San Michele in Foro

San Michele in Foro is a Roman Catholic basilica church in Lucca, Tuscany, central Italy, built over the ancient Roman forum.

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Sant'Alessandro, Lucca

Sant’Alessandro Maggiore is a Romanesque-style, Roman Catholic parish church in Lucca, region of Tuscany, Italy.

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Santa Giulia, Lucca

Santa Giulia is church in Lucca, Italy.

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Santana (band)

Santana is a Latin music and rock band formed in San Francisco, California in 1966 by Mexican-American guitarist Carlos Santana.

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Schongau, Bavaria

Schongau is a town in Bavaria, near the Alps.

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Serchio

Serchio (in antiquity the Auser) is the third longest river in the Italian region of Tuscany at, coming after the Arno at and the Ombrone,.

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Siena

Siena (in English sometimes spelled Sienna; Sena Iulia) is a city in Tuscany, Italy.

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Silk

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.

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Simone Bianchi (artist)

Simone Bianchi (born July 10, 1972 SimoneBianchi.com. Retrieved March 25, 2012.) is an Italian comic book illustrator, painter, graphic designer and art instructor, known to Italian audiences for his work in comics, CD covers, music videos, TV commercials and role-playing games.

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Sint-Niklaas

Sint-Niklaas (French: Saint-Nicolas) is a Belgian city and municipality located in the Flemish province of East Flanders.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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South San Francisco, California

South San Francisco is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States, located on the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area.

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Sylva Koscina

Sylva Koscina (born Silvija Košćina; 22 August 1933 – 26 December 1994) was an Italian actress.

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Teatro del Giglio

The Teatro del Giglio (Theater of the Giglio) is the historic city theater and opera house located in Piazza del Giglio #13 and #15 in the center of Lucca, region of Tuscany, Italy.

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Tejay van Garderen

Tejay van Garderen (born August 12, 1988) is an American professional cyclist for.

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Theodor Döhler

Baron Theodor Döhler (20 April 181421 February 1856) was a German composer and a notable piano virtuoso of the Romantic period.

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Top Gear (2002 TV series)

Top Gear is a British motoring magazine, factual television series, conceived by Jeremy Clarkson and Andy Wilman, launched on 20 October 2002, and broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC Two.

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Torre del Lago

Torre del Lago is a town of almost 11,000 inhabitants, a frazione of the comune of Viareggio, in the province of Lucca, Tuscany, Italy, between the Lake of Massaciuccoli and the Tyrrhenian Sea.

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Tracy Chapman

Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, known for her hits "Fast Car" and "Give Me One Reason", along with other singles "Talkin' 'bout a Revolution", "Baby Can I Hold You", "Crossroads", "New Beginning" and "Telling Stories".

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Tuscany

Tuscany (Toscana) is a region in central Italy with an area of about and a population of about 3.8 million inhabitants (2013).

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Tyrrhenian Sea

The Tyrrhenian Sea (Mar Tirreno, Mer Tyrrhénienne, Mare Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mari Tirrenu, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea off the western coast of Italy.

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Uguccione della Faggiuola

Uguccione della Faggiuola (c. 1250 – 1 November 1319) was an Italian condottiero, and chief magistrate of Pisa, Lucca and Forlì (from 1297).

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Venice

Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.

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Verona

Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.

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Video game

A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.

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Villa Garzoni

Villa Garzoni at Collodi is a villa just over the border of the province of Lucca, (Tuscany, Italy).

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Vincenzo Lunardi

Vicenzo Lunardi (Jan 11, 1754, Lucca–Aug 1, 1806, Lisbon) was a pioneering Italian aeronaut, born in Lucca.

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Young Husbands

Young Husbands (Giovani mariti) is a 1958 Italian comedy film directed by Mauro Bolognini.

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Zita

Saint Zita (c. 1212 – 27 April 1272; also known as Sitha or Citha) is an Italian saint, the patron saint of maids and domestic servants.

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Redirects here:

Church of Saint Pancras (Lucca), History of Lucca, Lucca, Italy, Lucchesi, Music of Lucca, Ponte a Moriano.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucca

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