91 relations: Adolf Ritter von Tutschek, Aerial warfare, Air Battalion Royal Engineers, Air force, Air Forces of the National People's Army, Air supremacy, Albatros Flugzeugwerke, Army, Aviatik, Avillers, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Balkenkreuz, Bruno Loerzer, Cross, Cross pattée, Cunel, Destroyer, Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke, Eduard Ritter von Schleich, Ernst Udet, Ernst von Hoeppner, Etrich Taube, Feldflieger Abteilung, Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen, Fokker, Fokker D.VIII, Fokker E.I, Fokker F.I (1917), Fokker M.5, Franco-Prussian War, German Air Force, German Army (German Empire), German Empire, Gothaer Waggonfabrik, Gotthard Sachsenberg, Greater Poland uprising (1918–1919), Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke, Hannoversche Waggonfabrik, Hermann Göring, Hermann von der Lieth-Thomsen, History of the Armée de l'Air (1909–1942), Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops, Imperial German Navy, Iron Cross, Jagdgeschwader 1 (World War I), Jagdstaffel, Jagdstaffel 2, Jametz, Junkers, Junkers J.I, Kingdom of Bavaria, ..., Kingdom of Prussia, Kingdom of Saxony, Kingdom of Württemberg, List of Schütte-Lanz airships, Lists of World War I flying aces, Lothar von Richthofen, Luftschiffbau Zeppelin, Luftwaffe, Manfred von Richthofen, Max Immelmann, Military aircraft, Military aircraft insignia, Military branch, Ministry of Aviation (Nazi Germany), Napoleonic Wars, Naval aviation, Navy, Nazi Germany, Oberste Heeresleitung, Observation balloon, Oswald Boelcke, Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, Pour le Mérite, Reconnaissance, Riesenflugzeug, Rigid airship, Roman numerals, Royal Engineers, Royal Flying Corps, Rumpler, Schlasta, Siemens-Schuckert, Submarine, Treaty of Versailles, Vaux-en-Vermandois, Werner Voss, Wilhelm II, German Emperor, Wing (military aviation unit), World War I, Zeppelin, Zeppelin-Staaken. Expand index (41 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf, Ritter von Tutschek (16 May 1891 – 15 March 1918) Pour le Mérite, Royal House Order of Hohenzollern, Iron Cross, Military Order of Max Joseph, was a professional soldier turned aviator who became a leading fighter ace with 27 victories.
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
The Air Battalion Royal Engineers (ABRE) was the first flying unit of the British Armed Forces to make use of heavier-than-air craft.
An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.
The Air Forces of the National People's Army (German: Luftstreitkräfte der Nationalen Volksarmee – LSK) was the Air Force of East Germany.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Albatros-Flugzeugwerke GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturer best known for supplying the German airforces during World War I. The company was based in Johannisthal, Berlin, where it was founded by Walter Huth and Otto Wiener on December 20, 1909.
An army (from Latin arma "arms, weapons" via Old French armée, "armed" (feminine)) or land force is a fighting force that fights primarily on land.
Automobil und Aviatik AG was a German aircraft manufacturer during World War I. The company was established at Mülhausen (today in France) in 1909Grosz, Peter M. (2003).
Avillers is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.
The Balkenkreuz is a straight-armed cross that was the emblem of the Wehrmacht (German Armed Forces) and its branches from 1935 until the end of World War II.
Colonel General Bruno Loerzer (22 January 1891 – 23 August 1960) was a German air force officer during both World War I and World War II.
A cross is a geometrical figure consisting of two intersecting lines or bars, usually perpendicular to each other.
A cross pattée (or "cross patty" or "cross Pate", known also as "cross formée/formy" or croix pattée) is a type of Christian cross, which has arms narrow at the center, and often flared in a curve or straight line shape, to be broader at the perimeter.
Cunel is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Deutsche Flugzeug-Werke, usually known as DFW was a German aircraft manufacturer of the early twentieth century.
Eduard-Maria Joseph Ritter von Schleich (August 9, 1888 – November 15, 1947), born Schleich, was a high scoring Bavarian flying ace of the First World War.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
Ernst Wilhelm Arnold von Hoeppner (14 January 1860 – 26 September 1922) was a Prussian cavalry officer who served as the Commanding General of the German Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I.
The Etrich Taube, also known by the names of the various later manufacturers who build versions of the type, such as the Rumpler Taube, was a pre-World War I monoplane aircraft.
Feldflieger Abteilung (FFA, Field Flying Company) was the title of the pioneering field aviation units of what became the Luftstreitkräfte (German air service) by October 1916, during World War I.
Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen GmbH was a German aircraft manufacturing company.
Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker.
The Fokker E.V was a German parasol-monoplane fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz and built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker E.I was the first fighter aircraft to enter service with the ''Deutsches Heer'''s ''Fliegertruppe'' air service in World War I. Its arrival at the front in mid-1915 marked the start of a period known as the "Fokker Scourge" during which the E.I and its successors achieved a measure of air superiority over the Western Front.
The Fokker F.I (company designation V.5) was a prototype German fighter triplane design of World War I. It was an improved version of the V.4 prototype triplane.
The Fokker M.5 was an unarmed single-seat monoplane aircraft designed and built by Anthony Fokker in 1913.
The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The German Air Force (German: Luftwaffe, the German-language generic term for air force) is the aerial warfare branch of the Bundeswehr, the armed forces of Germany.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Gothaer Waggonfabrik (Gotha, GWF) was a German manufacturer of rolling stock established in the late nineteenth century at Gotha.
Gotthard Sachsenberg (6 December 1891 – 23 August 1961) was a German World War I fighter ace with 31 victories who went on to command the world's first naval air wing.
The Greater Poland uprising of 1918–1919, or Wielkopolska uprising of 1918–1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918–19 roku; Großpolnischer Aufstand) or Posnanian War was a military insurrection of Poles in the Greater Poland region (German: Grand Duchy of Poznań or Provinz Posen) against German rule.
Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke or Halberstadt was a German aircraft manufacturer.
Hannoversche Waggonfabrik AG was a German aircraft manufacturer of the World War I era.
Hermann Wilhelm Göring (or Goering;; 12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946) was a German political and military leader as well as one of the most powerful figures in the Nazi Party (NSDAP) that ruled Germany from 1933 to 1945.
General Hermann von der Lieth-Thomsen, born Hermann Thomsen, (10 March 1867 – 5 May 1942) was a German military aviation pioneer, a senior air commander in the Imperial German Army Air Service during World War I and a founding father of the German military aviation.
The Armée de l'Air (literally, "army of the air") is the name used for the French Air Force in its native language since it was made independent of the Army in 1933.
The Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops (Kaiserliche und Königliche Luftfahrtruppen or K.u.K. Luftfahrtruppen) was the air force of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire until the empire's demise in 1918.
The Imperial German Navy ("Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Iron Cross (abbreviated EK) is a former military decoration in the Kingdom of Prussia, and later in the German Empire (1871–1918) and Nazi Germany (1933–1945).
Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) of World War I, was a fighter wing of the German Luftstreitkräfte, comprising four Jastas (fighter squadrons).
A Jagdstaffel (plural Jagdstaffeln, abbreviated to Jasta) was a fighter Staffel (squadron) of the German Imperial Luftstreitkräfte during World War I.
Jasta 2 (Jagdstaffel Zwei in full and also known as Jasta Boelcke) was one of the best-known German Luftstreitkräfte Squadrons in World War I. Its first commanding officer was the great aerial tactician Oswald Boelcke, and it was the incubator of several notable aviation careers.
Jametz is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG (JFM, earlier JCO or JKO in World War I), more commonly Junkers, was a major German aircraft and aircraft engine manufacturer.
The Junkers J.I (manufacturer's designation J 4) was a German "J-class" armored sesquiplane of World War I, developed for low-level ground attack, observation and Army cooperation.
The Kingdom of Bavaria (Königreich Bayern) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kingdom of Saxony (Königreich Sachsen), lasting between 1806 and 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany.
The Kingdom of Württemberg (Königreich Württemberg) was a German state that existed from 1805 to 1918, located within the area that is now Baden-Württemberg.
Schütte-Lanz (SL) is the name of a series of rigid airships designed and built by the Luftschiffbau Schütte-Lanz company from 1909 until the S.L.22 was delivered in 1917.
The following are lists of World War I flying aces.
Lothar Freiherr von Richthofen (born Lothar Siegfried Freiherr von Richthofen; 27 September 1894 – 4 July 1922) was a German First World War fighter ace credited with 40 victories.
Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH is a German company which, during the early 20th century, was a leader in the design and manufacture of rigid airships, specifically of the Zeppelin type.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I. He is considered the ace-of-aces of the war, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
Max Immelmann (21 September 1890 – 18 June 1916) PLM was the first German World War I flying ace.
A military aircraft is any fixed-wing or rotary-wing aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type.
Military aircraft insignia are insignia applied to military aircraft to identify the nation or branch of military service to which the aircraft belongs.
Military branch (also service branch or armed service) is according to common standard the subdivision of the national armed forces of a sovereign nation or state.
The Ministry of Aviation, December 1938 The Ministry of Aviation (Reichsluftfahrtministerium), abbreviated RLM, was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933–45).
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.
Naval aviation is the application of military air power by navies, whether from warships that embark aircraft, or land bases.
A navy or maritime force is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake-borne, riverine, littoral, or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command or OHL) was the highest echelon of command of the army (Heer) of the German Empire.
An observation balloon is a type of balloon that is employed as an aerial platform for intelligence gathering and artillery spotting.
Oswald Boelcke (19 May 1891 – 28 October 1916) PLM was a German flying ace of the First World War credited with 40 victories; he was one of the most influential patrol leaders and tacticians of the early years of air combat.
Pfalz Flugzeugwerke was a World War I German aircraft manufacturer, located at the Speyer airfield in the Palatinate (German: Pfalz).
The Pour le Mérite (French, literally "For Merit") is an order of merit (Verdienstorden) established in 1740 by King Frederick II of Prussia.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
A Riesenflugzeug (plural Riesenflugzeuge, German for "giant aircraft"), sometimes colloquially referred to in English as an R-plane, was a large World War I German bomber, possessing at least three aircraft engines, more usually being powered by four or more engines, sometimes of more than one make, model or power level.
A rigid airship is a type of airship (or dirigible) in which the envelope is supported by an internal framework rather than by being kept in shape by the pressure of the lifting gas within the envelope, as in blimps (also called pressure airships) and semi-rigid airships.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the air arm of the British Army before and during the First World War, until it merged with the Royal Naval Air Service on 1 April 1918 to form the Royal Air Force.
Rumpler Flugzeugwerke, usually known simply as Rumpler was a German aircraft manufacturer founded in Berlin by Austrian engineer Edmund Rumpler in 1909 as Rumpler Luftfahrtzeugbau.
The Schlachtstaffeln (often abbreviated to Schlastas) were specialized fighter-bomber squadrons in the German Luftstreitkräfte during World War I.
Siemens-Schuckert (or Siemens-Schuckertwerke) was a German electrical engineering company headquartered in Berlin, Erlangen and Nuremberg that was incorporated into the Siemens AG in 1966.
A submarine (or simply sub) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Vaux-en-Vermandois is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Werner Voss (13 April 1897 – 23 September 1917) was a World War I German flying ace credited with 48 aerial victories.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
A Zeppelin is a type of rigid airship named after the German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin who pioneered rigid airship development at the beginning of the 20th century.
Zeppelin-Staaken (sometimes Zeppelin Werke Staaken or Zeppelin-Werke GmbH), was a German aircraft manufacturer originally located in Gotha.
Air Force (German Empire), Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte, Fliegertruppe, German Army Air Service, German Imperial Air Service, IGAAS, Imperial German Air Service, Imperial German Army Air Service, Imperial German Flying Corps, Luftstreitkraefte, Luftstreitkrafte, Prussian Air Corps.