57 relations: Austria, Austrians, Berchtesgaden, Bert Isatitsch, Bobsleigh, Calf (leg), Canada, Caspar Badrutt, Dresden, Extreme sport, FIL European Luge Championships, FIL European Luge Natural Track Championships, FIL European Luge Natural Track Championships 1970, FIL World Luge Championships, FIL World Luge Championships 1955, FIL World Luge Championships 1969, FIL World Luge Natural Track Championships, FIL World Luge Natural Track Championships 1979, French language, Georgia (country), Germany, International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation, International Luge Federation, Josef Fendt, Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypecki, Königssee bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track, List of bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton tracks, Lolo Hot Springs, Montana, Luge at the 1964 Winter Olympics, Luge World Cup, Manuel Pfister, Missoulian, Negaunee, Michigan, Nicolas Bochatay, Nodar Kumaritashvili, Norway, Olympic Games, Olympic Sliding Centre Innsbruck, Oslo, Park City, Utah, Ross Milne, Savoy, Skeleton (sport), Sled, St. Moritz, Street luge, Strength training, Supine position, Switzerland, Toboggan, ..., United Kingdom, Whistler Sliding Centre, Whistler, British Columbia, Winter Olympic Games, 1964 Winter Olympics, 1992 Winter Olympics, 2010 Winter Olympics. Expand index (7 more) » « Shrink index
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austrians (Österreicher) are a Germanic nation and ethnic group, native to modern Austria and South Tyrol that share a common Austrian culture, Austrian descent and Austrian history.
Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany.
Bert Isatitsch (September 14, 1911 – February 8, 1994) was an Austrian educator who later became the first president of the International Luge Federation (FIL), serving from its 1957 establishment until his 1994 death.
Bobsleigh or bobsled is a winter sport in which teams of two or four teammates make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked, iced tracks in a gravity-powered sleigh.
The calf (Latin: sura) is the back portion of the lower leg in human anatomy.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Swiss hotelier and tourism entrepreneur Caspar Badrutt (1848–1904) was almost singlehandedly responsible for the origin of several modern winter sporting activities.
Dresden (Upper and Lower Sorbian: Drježdźany, Drážďany, Drezno) is the capital city and, after Leipzig, the second-largest city of the Free State of Saxony in Germany.
Extreme sports are recreational activities perceived as involving a high degree of risk.
The FIL European Luge Championships, part of the International Luge Federation (FIL) have taken place since 1914.
The FIL European Luge Natural Track Championships, part of the International Luge Federation (FIL), have taken place since 1970.
The FIL European Luge Natural Track Championships 1970 took place in Kapfenberg, Austria.
The FIL World Luge Championships, part of the International Luge Federation (FIL) have taken place on an almost annual basis in non-Winter Olympics years since 1955.
The FIL World Luge Championships 1955 took place in Oslo, Norway under the auspices of the Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT - International Bobsleigh and Tobogganing Federation in) under their "Section de Luge".
The FIL World Luge Championships 1969 took place in Königssee, West Germany.
The FIL World Luge Natural Track Championships, part of the International Luge Federation (FIL) have taken place on an almost annual basis in non-Winter Olympics years since 1979.
The FIL World Luge Natural Track Championships 1979 took place in Inzing, Austria.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Georgia (tr) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The International Bobsleigh and Skeleton Federation (IBSF), originally known by the French name Fédération Internationale de Bobsleigh et de Tobogganing (FIBT), is the international sports federation for bobsleigh and skeleton.
The International Luge Federation (French: Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL); German: Internationaler Rennrodelverband) is the main international federation for all luge sports.
Josef Fendt (born 6 October 1947) is the current president of the Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL).
Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypecki (or Kay-Skrzypeski) (1909 – 23 January 1964John E. Findling, Kimberly D. Pelle, Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement, Greenwood Press, 2004,, p. 346.) was a Polish-born British luge racer.
The Königssee bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track is a venue for bobsleigh, luge and skeleton located in Schönau am Königsee, Germany.
As per 2018, there are in the world a total of seventeen bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton tracks in use for competitions in winter bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton, plus one more under construction to host the 2022 Winter Olympics.
Lolo Hot Springs (Salish: smtt̓m̓čqi or sntt̓mčqey, "Steam on a Ridge Top") is an unincorporated community in Missoula County, Montana, United States.
Luge at the 1964 Winter Olympics consisted of three events at Olympic Sliding Centre Innsbruck.
The Luge World Cup season is a yearly competition first organized by the International Luge Federation since 1977–78.
Manuel Pfister (born December 4, 1988) is an Austrian luger who has competed since 1999.
The Missoulian is a daily newspaper printed in Missoula, Montana.
Negaunee is a city in Marquette County in the U.S. state of Michigan.
Nicolas Bochatay (August 27, 1964 – February 22, 1992) was a Swiss speed skier who died during the 1992 Winter Olympics.
Nodar Kumaritashvili (ნოდარ ქუმარიტაშვილი;; 25 November 198812 February 2010) was a Georgian one-man luger who suffered a fatal crash during a training run for the 2010 Winter Olympics competition in Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, on the day of the opening ceremony.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
The Olympic Sliding Centre Innsbruck is a venue for bobsleigh, luge and skeleton located in Igls, Austria (southeast of Innsbruck).
Oslo (rarely) is the capital and most populous city of Norway.
Park City is a city in Summit County, Utah, United States.
Leslie Ross Milne (3 October 1944 – 25 January 1964)John E. Findling, Kimberly D. Pelle, Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement, Greenwood Press, 2004,, p. 347.
Savoy (Savouè,; Savoie; Savoia) is a cultural region in Western Europe.
Skeleton is a winter sliding sport in which a person rides a small sled, known as a skeleton bobsled (or -sleigh), down a frozen track while lying face down and head-first.
A sled, sledge, or sleigh is a land vehicle with a smooth underside or possessing a separate body supported by two or more smooth, relatively narrow, longitudinal runners that travels by sliding across a surface.
Street luge is an extreme gravity-powered activity that involves riding a street luge board (sometimes referred to as a sled) down a paved road or course.
Strength training is a type of physical exercise specializing in the use of resistance to induce muscular contraction which builds the strength, anaerobic endurance, and size of skeletal muscles.
The supine position means lying horizontally with the face and torso facing up, as opposed to the prone position, which is face down.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
A toboggan is a simple sled which is a traditional form of transport used by the Innu and Cree of northern Canada.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Whistler Sliding Centre (Centre des sports de glisse de Whistler) is a Canadian bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track located in Whistler, British Columbia, that is north of Vancouver. The centre is part of the Whistler Blackcomb resort, which comprises two ski mountains separated by Fitzsimmons Creek. Located on the lowermost slope of the northern mountain (Blackcomb Mountain), Whistler Sliding Centre hosted the bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton competitions for the 2010 Winter Olympics. Design work started in late 2004 with construction taking place from June 2005 to December 2007. Bobsledders Pierre Lueders and Justin Kripps of Canada took the first run on the track on 19 December 2007. Certification took place in March 2008 with over 200 runs from six different start houses (the place where the sleds start their runs), and was approved both by the International Bobsleigh and Tobogganing Federation (FIBT) and the International Luge Federation (FIL). Training runs took place in late 2008 in preparation for the World Cup events in all three sports in early 2009. World Cup competitions were held in February 2009 for bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton. The top speed for all World Cup events set by German luger Felix Loch at. In late 2009, more training took place in preparation for the Winter Olympics. On 12 February 2010, the day of the Olympic opening ceremonies, Georgian luger Nodar Kumaritashvili was killed during a training run while reportedly going. This resulted in the men's singles event being moved to the women's singles and men's doubles start house while both the women's singles and men's doubles event were moved to the junior start house. During actual luge competition at the 2010 Winter Olympics, there were only two crashes, which resulted in one withdrawal. Skeleton races on 18–19 February had no crashes though two skeleton racers were disqualified for technical reasons. Bobsleigh competitions had crashes during all three events. This resulted in supplemental training for both the two-woman and the four-man event following crashes during the two-man event. Modifications were made to the track after the two-man event to lessen the frequency of crashes as well. A 20-page report was released by the FIL to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on 12 April 2010 and to the public on FIL's website on 19 April 2010 regarding Kumaritashvili's death. Safety concerns at Whistler affected the track design for the Sliding Center Sanki that was used for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. This included track simulation and mapping to reduce top speeds by for the Sochi track. Constructed on part of First Nations spiritual grounds, the track won two provincial concrete construction awards in 2008 while the refrigeration plant earned Canada's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design "gold" certification two years later.
Whistler (Squamish language: Sḵwiḵw) is a resort town in the southern Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains in the province of British Columbia, Canada, approximately north of Vancouver and south of the town of Pemberton.
The Winter Olympic Games (Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international sporting event held once every four years for sports practised on snow and ice.
The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games (French: Les IXes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (German: Olympische Winterspiele 1964), was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964.
The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games (Les XVIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), were a winter multi-sport event celebrated from 8 to 23 February 1992 in Albertville, France.
The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games (Les XXIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) and commonly known as Vancouver 2010, informally the 21st Winter Olympics, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 12 to 28 February 2010 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, with some events held in the surrounding suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the nearby resort town of Whistler.