37 relations: Australopithecus, Bertolotti's syndrome, Bone cement, Bonobo, Cervical vertebrae, Chimpanzee–human last common ancestor, Clade, Congenital vertebral anomaly, Gray's Anatomy, Homology (biology), Iliac crest, Lordosis, Lumbar spinal stenosis, Miocene, Nacholapithecus, Old World monkey, Pelvis, Percutaneous vertebroplasty, Posterior superior iliac spine, Process (anatomy), Proconsul (primate), Pylorus, Renal hilum, Rib cage, Sacrum, Sagittal plane, Scapula, Spinal cord, Spinal disc herniation, Spine of scapula, Spondylolisthesis, Spondylolysis, Thoracic vertebrae, Transpyloric plane, Vertebra, Vertebral column, Vertebral foramen.
Australopithecus (informal australopithecine or australopith, although the term australopithecine has a broader meaning as a member of the subtribe Australopithecina which includes this genus as well as Paranthropus, Kenyanthropus, Ardipithecus, and Praeanthropus) is an extinct genus of hominins.
Bertolotti's syndrome is a commonly missed cause of back pain which occurs due to lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV).
Bone cements have been used very successfully to anchor artificial joints (hip joints, knee joints, shoulder and elbow joints) for more than half a century.
The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.
In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are the vertebrae of the neck, immediately below the skull.
The chimpanzee–human last common ancestor, or CHLCA, is the last common ancestor shared by the extant Homo (human) and Pan (chimpanzee) genera of Hominini.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
Congenital vertebral anomalies are a collection of malformations of the spine.
Gray's Anatomy is an English-language textbook of human anatomy originally written by Henry Gray and illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter.
In biology, homology is the existence of shared ancestry between a pair of structures, or genes, in different taxa.
The crest of the ilium (or iliac crest) is the superior border of the wing of ilium and the superolateral margin of the greater pelvis.
Lordosis is the normal inward lordotic curvature of the lumbar and cervical regions of the human spine.
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a medical condition in which the spinal canal narrows and compresses the nerves at the level of the lumbar vertebrae.
The Miocene is the first geological epoch of the Neogene Period and extends from about (Ma).
Nacholapithecus is a Middle Miocene genus of hominoid found in the Nachola formation in northern Kenya, a key genus in early hominid evolution.
The Old World monkeys or Cercopithecidae are a family of catarrhines, the only family in the superfamily Cercopithecoidea in the clade (or parvorder) of Catarrhini.
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are similar medical spinal procedures in which bone cement is injected through a small hole in the skin (percutaneously) into a fractured vertebra with the goal of relieving back pain caused by vertebral compression fractures.
The posterior border of the ala, shorter than the anterior, also presents two projections separated by a notch, the posterior superior iliac spine and the posterior inferior iliac spine.
In anatomy, a process (processus) is a projection or outgrowth of tissue from a larger body.
Proconsul is an extinct genus of primates that existed from 23 to 25 million years ago during the Miocene epoch.
The pylorus, or pyloric part, connects the stomach to the duodenum.
The renal hilum (Latin: hilum renale) or renal pedicle is the hilum of the kidney, that is, its recessed central fissure where its vessels, nerves and ureter pass.
The rib cage is an arrangement of bones in the thorax of most vertebrates.
The sacrum (or; plural: sacra or sacrums) in human anatomy is a large, triangular bone at the base of the spine, that forms by the fusing of sacral vertebrae S1S5 between 18 and 30years of age.
A sagittal plane or longitudinal plane is an anatomical plane which divides the body into right and left parts.
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone).
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column.
Spinal disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, is a medical condition affecting the spine in which a tear in the outer, fibrous ring of an intervertebral disc allows the soft, central portion to bulge out beyond the damaged outer rings.
The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa.
Spondylolisthesis is the slippage or displacement of one vertebra compared to another.
Spondylolysis (spon-dee-low-lye-sis) is defined as a defect or stress fracture in the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch.
In vertebrates, thoracic vertebrae compose the middle segment of the vertebral column, between the cervical vertebrae and the lumbar vertebrae.
The Transpyloric plane, also known as Addison's Plane, is an imaginary horizontal plane, located halfway between the suprasternal notch of the manubrium and the upper border of the symphysis pubis at the level of the first lumbar vertebrae, L1.
In the vertebrate spinal column, each vertebra is an irregular bone with a complex structure composed of bone and some hyaline cartilage, the proportions of which vary according to the segment of the backbone and the species of vertebrate.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
In a typical vertebra, the vertebral foramen is the foramen (opening) formed by the anterior segment (the body), and the posterior part, the vertebral arch.
First lumbar vertebra, L1 vertebra, Lumbar Vertebrae, Lumbar spine, Lumbar vertebra, Lumbar vertebra 1, Lumbar vertebra 2, Lumbar vertebra 3, Lumbar vertebra 4, Lumbar vertebra 5, Lumbar vertebræ, Lumbarization of the first sacral vertebra, Sacralization (medicine), Sacralization of L5, Sacralization of fifth lumbar, Sacralization of fifth lumbar vertebra, Sacralization of the fifth lumbar, Sacralization of the l5, Vertebrae lumbales.