112 relations: Americas, ASTM International, Barnea similis, Batten, Beam (structure), Big-box store, Biomass, Blue stain fungi, Board foot, Cabinetry, Canada, Carpenter ant, Carpenter bee, Carpentry, Cedrus, Chromated copper arsenate, Cladding (construction), Cubic ton, Culture, Cylinder, Deck (building), Deep foundation, Deforestation, Douglas fir, Dowel, Dry rot, Engineered wood, Fiberglass, Finger joint, Fir, Flame spread, Flexural strength, Forestry, Formwork, Framing (construction), Furniture, Girt, Glued laminated timber, Hardwood, Hardwood timber production, Heart rot, Hewing, Hygroscopy, I-joist, Inch, India, Insect, International Building Code, Jointer, Joist, ..., Karnataka, Kerala, Laminated veneer lumber, Lath, List of Pinus species, List of woods, Logging, Lumber, Lumberjack, Mollusca, Non-timber forest product, Old-growth forest, Peter Dauvergne, Pine, Pinophyta, Pinus resinosa, Pith, Plank (wood), Post (structural), Preservative, Pulpwood, Quarter sawing, Rafter, Resaw, Rift sawing, Rip saw, Sawmill, Scaffolding, Sill plate, Softwood, Song dynasty, Spruce, Spruce-pine-fir, System of measurement, Teredo navalis, Termite, Thickness planer, Timber framing, Timber recycling, Trunk (botany), Truss, Tsuga, Tsuga canadensis, United States, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Secretary of Commerce, University of Washington, Utility pole, Wall plate, Wall stud, Wood, Wood drying, Wood economy, Wood industry, Wood preservation, Wood production, Wood shingle, Wood splitting, Wood-decay fungus, Woodboring beetle, Woodworking, Yellow pine. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
ASTM International is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.
Barnea similis, a rock borer or piddock, is a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Pholadidae.
A batten is most commonly a strip of solid material, historically wood but can also of plastic, metal, or fiberglass.
A beam is a structural element that primarily resists loads applied laterally to the beam's axis.
A big-box store (also supercenter, superstore, or megastore) is a physically large retail establishment, usually part of a chain of stores.
Biomass is an industry term for getting energy by burning wood, and other organic matter.
Blue stain fungi (also known as sap stain fungi) is a vague term including various fungi that cause dark staining in sapwood.
The board-foot is a unit of measure for the volume of lumber in the United States and Canada.
A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Carpenter ants (Camponotus spp.) are large ants indigenous to many forested parts of the world.
Carpenter bees are species in the genus Xylocopa of the subfamily Xylocopinae.
Carpentry is a skilled trade in which the primary work performed is the cutting, shaping and installation of building materials during the construction of buildings, ships, timber bridges, concrete formwork, etc.
Cedrus (common English name cedar) is a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae (subfamily Abietoideae).
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) is a wood preservative that has been used for timber treatment since the mid-1930s.
Cladding is the application of one material over another to provide a skin or layer.
The cubic ton is a measure of volume (compare fluid ounce).
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
A cylinder (from Greek κύλινδρος – kulindros, "roller, tumbler"), has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes.
In architecture, a deck is a flat surface capable of supporting weight, similar to a floor, but typically constructed outdoors, often elevated from the ground, and usually connected to a building.
A deep foundation is a type of foundation that transfers building loads to the earth farther down from the surface than a shallow foundation does to a subsurface layer or a range of depths.
Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use.
Pseudotsuga menziesii, commonly known as Douglas fir, Douglas-fir and Oregon pine, is an evergreen conifer species native to western North America.
A dowel is a cylindrical rod, usually made from wood, plastic, or metal.
Dry rot is wood decay caused by certain species of fungi that digest parts of the wood which give the wood strength and stiffness.
Engineered wood, also called composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite materials.
Fiberglass (US) or fibreglass (UK) is a common type of fiber-reinforced plastic using glass fiber.
A finger joint, also known as a comb or box joint, is a woodworking joint made by cutting a set of complementary rectangular cuts in two pieces of wood, which are then glued, with filler.
Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.
Flame spread or surface burning characteristics rating is a ranking derived by laboratory standard test methodology of a material's propensity to burn rapidly and spread flames.
Flexural strength, also known as modulus of rupture, or bend strength, or transverse rupture strength is a material property, defined as the stress in a material just before it yields in a flexure test.
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests, woodlands, and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human and environment benefits.
Formwork is temporary or permanent molds into which concrete or similar materials are poured.
Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape.
Furniture refers to movable objects intended to support various human activities such as seating (e.g., chairs, stools, and sofas), eating (tables), and sleeping (e.g., beds).
In architecture or structural engineering, a girt is a horizontal structural member in a framed wall.
Glued laminated timber, also called glulam, is a type of structural engineered wood product comprising a number of layers of dimensioned lumber bonded together with durable, moisture-resistant structural adhesives.
Hardwood is wood from dicot trees.
Hardwood timber production is the process of managing stands of deciduous trees to maximize woody output.
The bracket fungus ''Fistulina hepatica'' is one of many that cause heart rot. In trees, heart rot is a fungal disease that causes the decay of wood at the center of the trunk and branches.
In woodworking, hewing is the process of converting a log from its rounded natural form into lumber (timber) with more or less flat surfaces using primarily an axe.
Hygroscopy is the phenomenon of attracting and holding water molecules from the surrounding environment, which is usually at normal or room temperature.
An engineered wood joist, more commonly known as an I-joist, is a product designed to eliminate problems that occur with conventional wood joists.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
The International Building Code (IBC) is a model building code developed by the International Code Council (ICC).
A jointer or in some configurations, a jointer-planer (also known in the UK and Australia as a planer or surface planer, and sometimes also as a buzzer or flat top) is a woodworking machine used to produce a flat surface along a board's length.
A joist is a horizontal structural member used in framing to span an open space, often between beams that subsequently transfer loads to vertical members.
Karnataka also known Kannada Nadu is a state in the south western region of India.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Laminated veneer lumber (LVL) is an engineered wood product that uses multiple layers of thin wood assembled with adhesives.
A lath or slat is a thin, narrow strip of straight-grained wood used under roof shingles or tiles, on lath and plaster walls and ceilings to hold plaster, and in lattice and trellis work.
Pinus, the pines, is a genus of approximately 111 extant tree and shrub species.
This is a list of woods, in particular those most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade.
Logging is the cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Lumberjacks are North American workers in the logging industry who perform the initial harvesting and transport of trees for ultimate processing into forest products.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Non-timber forest products (NTFPs), also known as non-wood forest products (NWFPs), minor forest produce, special, minor, alternative and secondary forest products, are useful substances, materials and/or commodities obtained from forests which do not require harvesting (logging) trees.
An old-growth forest — also termed primary forest, virgin forest, primeval forest, or late seral forest— is a forest that has attained great age without significant disturbance and thereby exhibits unique ecological features and might be classified as a climax community.
Peter Dauvergne is an author and environmentalist.
A pine is any conifer in the genus Pinus,, of the family Pinaceae.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Pinus resinosa, known as red pine or Norway pine, is a pine native to North America.
Pith, or medulla, is a tissue in the stems of vascular plants.
A plank is timber that is flat, elongated, and rectangular with parallel faces that are higher and longer than wide.
A post is a main vertical or leaning support in a structure similar to a column or pillar but the term post generally refers to a timber but may be metal or stone.
A preservative is a substance or a chemical that is added to products such as food, beverages, pharmaceutical drugs, paints, biological samples, cosmetics, wood, and many other products to prevent decomposition by microbial growth or by undesirable chemical changes.
Pulpwood refers to timber with the principal use of making wood pulp for paper production.
Quarter sawing also quarter-cut is a type of cut in the rip-sawing of logs into lumber.
A rafter is one of a series of sloped structural members that extend from the ridge or hip to the wall plate, downslope perimeter or eave, and that are designed to support the roof deck and its associated loads.
A resaw is a large band saw optimized for cutting timber along the grain to reduce larger sections into smaller sections or veneers.
The Architectural Woodworkers Institute defines "rift sawing" as a technique of cutting boards from logs radially so the annular growth ring orientation is between 30 - 60 degrees to the face of the board, with 45 degrees being "optimum".
A rip saw is a wood saw that is specially designed for making a rip cut, a cut made parallel to the direction of the wood grain.
A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber.
Scaffolding, also called scaffold or staging, is a temporary structure used to support a work crew and materials to aid in the construction, maintenance and repair of buildings, bridges and all other man made structures.
A sill plate or sole plate in construction and architecture is the bottom horizontal member of a wall or building to which vertical members are attached.
Scots Pine, a typical and well-known softwood Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as conifers.
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
Spruce-pine-fir (SPF), which refers to the spruce, pine and fir tree species, refers to Canadian softwoods of similar characteristics that have been grouped due to their similar physical and mechanical properties.
A system of measurement is a collection of units of measurement and rules relating them to each other.
Teredo navalis, the naval shipworm, is a species of saltwater clam, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Teredinidae, the shipworms.
Termites are eusocial insects that are classified at the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea.
A thickness planer (also known in the UK and Australia as a thicknesser or in North America as a planer) is a woodworking machine to trim boards to a consistent thickness throughout their length and flat on both surfaces.
Timber framing and "post-and-beam" construction are traditional methods of building with heavy timbers, creating structures using squared-off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs.
Timber recycling or wood recycling is the process of turning waste timber into usable products.
In botany, the trunk (or bole) is the stem and main wooden axis of a tree, which is an important feature in tree identification, and which often differs markedly from the bottom of the trunk to the top, depending on the species.
In engineering, a truss is a structure that "consists of two-force members only, where the members are organized so that the assemblage as a whole behaves as a single object".
Tsuga (from 栂 (ツガ), the name of Tsuga sieboldii) is a genus of conifers in the subfamily Abietoideae.
Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock, eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the United States Department of Commerce.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
A utility pole is a column or post used to support overhead power lines and various other public utilities, such as electrical cable, fiber optic cable, and related equipment such as transformers and street lights.
A plate or wall plate is a horizontal, structural, load-bearing member in wooden building framing.
A wall stud is a vertical framing member in a building's wall of smaller cross section than a post.
Wood is a porous and fibrous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants.
Wood drying (also seasoning lumber or wood seasoning) reduces the moisture content of wood before its use.
The existence of a wood economy, or more broadly, a forest economy (since in many countries a bamboo economy predominates), is a prominent matter in many developing countries as well as in many other nations with temperate climate and especially in those with low temperatures.
The wood industry or lumber industry is a - usually private - economic sector concerned with forestry, logging, timber trade, and the production of forest products, timber/lumber, primary forest and wood products (e.g. furniture) and secondary products like wood pulp for the pulp and paper industry.
All measures that are taken to ensure a long life of wood fall under the definition wood preservation (timber treatment).
Lumber and wood products are created from the trunks and branches of trees through a series of steps, as follows.
Wood shingles are thin, tapered pieces of wood primarily used to cover roofs and walls of buildings to protect them from the weather.
Wood splitting (riving,"Riving" def. 1.b. Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) © Oxford University Press 2009 cleaving) is an ancient technique used in carpentry to make lumber for making wooden objects, some basket weaving, and to make firewood.
A wood-decay fungus is any species of fungus that digests moist wood, causing it to rot.
The term woodboring beetle encompasses many species and families of beetles whose larval or adult forms eat and destroy wood (i.e., are xylophagous).
Woodworking is the activity or skill of making items from wood, and includes cabinet making (cabinetry and furniture), wood carving, joinery, carpentry, and woodturning.
In ecology and forestry, yellow pine refers to a number of conifer species which tend to grow in similar plant communities and yield similar strong wood.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
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