59 relations: Altaic languages, Biology, Calvinism, Carnivora, Categorization, Charles Darwin, Christopher Hill (historian), Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas, Comparative method, Dialect continuum, Discipline (academia), Distinction without a difference, Edward Sapir, Evolution, Evolutionary biology, Freeman Dyson, Genetic relationship (linguistics), George Gaylord Simpson, Germany, Heterarchy, Historical linguistics, J. H. Hexter, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Joseph Dalton Hooker, Joseph Greenberg, Language convergence, Language family, Lexicostatistics, Literature, Liturgy, Mass comparison, Materialism, Max Weber, Merritt Ruhlen, Model-driven architecture, Morris Swadesh, Mutual intelligibility, Nilo-Saharan languages, Organism, Pama–Nyungan languages, Paul F. Bradshaw, Platonism, Proto-language, Prototype theory, Romanticism, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Sergei Starostin, Shaivism, Shaktism, ..., Smarta tradition, Software engineering, Sorites paradox, Taxon, The Times Literary Supplement, TV Tropes, Vaishnavism, Victor A. McKusick, Vladislav Illich-Svitych. Expand index (9 more) » « Shrink index
Altaic is a proposed language family of central Eurasia and Siberia, now widely seen as discredited.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Carnivora (from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals.
Categorization is the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated, and understood.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
John Edward Christopher Hill (6 February 1912 – 23 February 2003) was an English Marxist historian and academic, specialising in 17th-century English history.
This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas.
In linguistics, the comparative method is a technique for studying the development of languages by performing a feature-by-feature comparison of two or more languages with common descent from a shared ancestor, in order to extrapolate back to infer the properties of that ancestor.
A dialect continuum or dialect chain is a spread of language varieties spoken across some geographical area such that neighbouring varieties differ only slightly, but the differences accumulate over distance so that widely separated varieties are not mutually intelligible.
An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.
A distinction without a difference is a type of logical fallacy where an author or speaker attempts to describe a distinction between two things where no discernible difference exists.
Edward Sapir (January 26, 1884 – February 4, 1939) was a German anthropologist-linguist, who is widely considered to be one of the most important figures in the early development of the discipline of linguistics.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.
Freeman John Dyson (born 15 December 1923) is an English-born American theoretical physicist and mathematician.
In linguistics, genetic relationship is the usual term for the relationship which exists between languages that are members of the same language family.
George Gaylord Simpson (June 16, 1902 – October 6, 1984) was a US paleontologist.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
A heterarchy is a system of organization where the elements of the organization are unranked (non-hierarchical) or where they possess the potential to be ranked a number of different ways.
Historical linguistics, also called diachronic linguistics, is the scientific study of language change over time.
Jack H. Hexter (May 25, 1910 – December 8, 1996) was an American historian, a specialist in Tudor and seventeenth century British history, and well known for his comments on historiography.
Johann Nepomuk Hummel (14 November 177817 October 1837) was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and statesman.
Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker (30 June 1817 – 10 December 1911) was a British botanist and explorer in the 19th century.
Joseph Harold Greenberg (May 28, 1915 – May 7, 2001) was an American linguist, known mainly for his work concerning linguistic typology and the genetic classification of languages.
Language convergence is a type of linguistic change in which languages come to structurally resemble one another as a result of prolonged language contact and mutual interference.
A language family is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family.
Lexicostatistics is a method of comparative linguistics that involves comparing the percentage of lexical cognates between languages to determine their relationship.
Literature, most generically, is any body of written works.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Mass comparison is a method developed by Joseph Greenberg to determine the level of genetic relatedness between languages.
Materialism is a form of philosophical monism which holds that matter is the fundamental substance in nature, and that all things, including mental aspects and consciousness, are results of material interactions.
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.
Merritt Ruhlen (born 1944) is an American linguist who has worked on the classification of languages and what this reveals about the origin and evolution of modern humans.
Model-driven architecture (MDA®) is a software design approach for the development of software systems.
Morris Swadesh (January 22, 1909 – July 20, 1967) was an American linguist who specialized in comparative and historical linguistics.
In linguistics, mutual intelligibility is a relationship between languages or dialects in which speakers of different but related varieties can readily understand each other without prior familiarity or special effort.
The Nilo-Saharan languages are a proposed family of African languages spoken by some 50–60 million people, mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers, including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of the Nile meet.
In biology, an organism (from Greek: ὀργανισμός, organismos) is any individual entity that exhibits the properties of life.
The Pama–Nyungan languages are the most widespread family of indigenous Australian languages, containing perhaps 300 languages.
Paul Frederick Bradshaw, FRHistS (born 9 August 1945) is a British Anglican priest, theologian, historian of liturgy, and academic.
Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it.
A proto-language, in the tree model of historical linguistics, is a language, usually hypothetical or reconstructed, and usually unattested, from which a number of attested known languages are believed to have descended by evolution, forming a language family.
Prototype theory is a mode of graded categorization in cognitive science, where some members of a category are more central than others.
Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850.
Sergei Vasilyevich Rachmaninoff (28 March 1943) was a Russian pianist, composer, and conductor of the late Romantic period, some of whose works are among the most popular in the Romantic repertoire.
Sergei Anatolyevich Starostin (Cyrillic: Серге́й Анато́льевич Ста́ростин, March 24, 1953 – September 30, 2005) was a Russian historical linguist and philologist, perhaps best known for his reconstructions of hypothetical proto-languages, including his work on the controversial Altaic theory, the formulation of the Dené–Caucasian hypothesis, and the proposal of a Borean language of still earlier date.
Shaivism (Śaivam) (Devanagari: शैव संप्रदाय) (Bengali: শৈব) (Tamil: சைவம்) (Telugu: శైవ సాంప్రదాయం) (Kannada:ಶೈವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯ) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being.
Shaktism (Sanskrit:, lit., "doctrine of energy, power, the Goddess") is a major tradition of Hinduism, wherein the metaphysical reality is considered feminine and the Devi (goddess) is supreme.
Smarta tradition is a movement in Hinduism that developed during its classical period around the beginning of the Common Era.
Software engineering is the application of engineering to the development of software in a systematic method.
The sorites paradox (sometimes known as the paradox of the heap) is a paradox that arises from vague predicates.
In biology, a taxon (plural taxa; back-formation from taxonomy) is a group of one or more populations of an organism or organisms seen by taxonomists to form a unit.
The Times Literary Supplement (or TLS, on the front page from 1969) is a weekly literary review published in London by News UK, a subsidiary of News Corp.
TV Tropes is a wiki that collects and expands descriptions and examples of various plot conventions and plot devices, more commonly known as tropes, that are found within many creative works.
Vaishnavism (Vaishnava dharma) is one of the major traditions within Hinduism along with Shaivism, Shaktism, and Smartism.
Victor Almon McKusick (October 21, 1921 – July 22, 2008) was an American internist and medical geneticist, and Professor of Medicine at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore.
Vladislav Markovich Illich-Svitych (Владисла́в Ма́ркович И́ллич-Сви́тыч, also transliterated as Illič-Svityč; September 12, 1934 – August 22, 1966) was a linguist and accentologist, also a founding father of comparative Nostratic linguistics.
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