170 relations: An Shigao, Ban Chao, Beijing dialect, Buddhism, Campaign against Dong Zhuo, Cao Cao, Cao Pi, Cao Wei, Central Plains Mandarin, Chang'an, Chanhe Hui District, Charleston, South Carolina, Chen Dong (astronaut), China, China Meteorological Administration, Chinese astronomy, Chinese postal romanization, Cosmic Girls, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County-level city, Dangak, Datong, District (China), Dong Zhuo, Du Wei (footballer), Duke of Zhou, Dynasties in Chinese history, Emperor Guangwu of Han, Emperor Taizu of Song, Emperor Wen of Sui, Emperor Wu of Liu Song, Emperor Xian of Han, Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei, Emperor Yang of Sui, Erlitou culture, Feng shui, Five-year plans of China, Gao Hong, Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory, Gnomon, Goryeo, Grand Canal (China), Guan Yu, Guiguzi, Guo Shoujing, Guo Yipin, Han Chinese, Han dynasty, Hangu Pass, Haojing, ..., Henan, Henan University of Science and Technology, Historical capitals of China, Hui people, ISO 3166-2:CN, Jesuit China missions, Jiankang, Jianxi District, Jiaozuo, Jie of Xia, Jili District, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), Jin dynasty (265–420), Jiyuan, Joseph Needham, Journey to the West, Kaifeng, Korea, La Crosse, Wisconsin, Laocheng District, Laozi, Later Liang (Five Dynasties), Later Tang, List of Chinese astronauts, List of emperors of the Han dynasty, List of ethnic groups in China and Taiwan, List of twin towns and sister cities in China, Liu Song dynasty, Liu Yuxi, Longmen Grottoes, Lou Harrison, Luanchuan County, Luo River (Henan), Luolong District, Luoning County, Luoyang, Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum, Luoyang Beijiao Airport, Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology, Luoyang Longmen railway station, Luoyang Museum, Manchu people, Mandarin Chinese, Marcus Aurelius, Mengjin County, Ming dynasty, Mongols, Nanjing, Nanyang, Henan, Neolithic, Nine Tripod Cauldrons, Northern Wei, Paeonia suffruticosa, Pingdingshan, Pipa, Prefecture-level city, Prestige (sociolinguistics), Princeton, New Jersey, Provinces of China, Renminbi, Rock-cut architecture, Roman Catholic Diocese of Luoyang, Romanization of Chinese, Ruyang County, Sanmenxia, Science and Civilisation in China, Shang dynasty, Shaolin Monastery, Shenzhou 11, Silk Road, Silk Road transmission of Buddhism, Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor, Sino-Roman relations, Sister city, Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, Song County, Song dynasty, Standard Chinese, Sui dynasty, Summer solstice, Tai Kang, Taiwan, Tan Daoji, Tang dynasty, Tang of Shang, Taoism, Third Front (China), Three Kingdoms, Time in China, UNESCO, Uniq (band), United States, Varieties of Chinese, Vehicle registration plates of China, Vietnam, Wangcheng, Warring States period, Water Banquet, White Horse Temple, Winter solstice, World Heritage site, Wu Zetian, Xia dynasty, Xianyang, Xigong District, Xin'an County, Xiongnu, Xuanzang, Xuchang, Yanshi, Yellow River, Yellow Turban Rebellion, Yi River (Henan), Yichuan County, Henan, Yiyang County, Henan, Yongning Pagoda, Yuan dynasty, Zhengzhou, Zhongyuan, Zhou dynasty. Expand index (120 more) » « Shrink index
An Shigao (Korean: An Sego, Japanese: An Seikō) (fl. c. 148-180 CE) was an early Buddhist missionary to China, and the earliest known translator of Indian Buddhist texts into Chinese.
Ban Chao (32–102 CE), courtesy name Zhongsheng, was a Chinese military general, explorer and diplomat of the Eastern Han Dynasty.
The Beijing dialect, also known as Pekingese, is the prestige dialect of Mandarin spoken in the urban area of Beijing, China.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
The Campaign against Dong Zhuo was a punitive expedition initiated by a coalition of regional officials and warlords against the warlord Dong Zhuo in 190 in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
Cao Cao (– 15 March 220), courtesy name Mengde, was a Chinese warlord and the penultimate Chancellor of the Eastern Han dynasty who rose to great power in the final years of the dynasty.
Cao Pi (– 29 June 226), courtesy name Zihuan, was the first emperor of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period of China.
Wei (220–266), also known as Cao Wei, was one of the three major states that competed for supremacy over China in the Three Kingdoms period (220–280).
Central Plains Mandarin, or Zhongyuan Mandarin, is a variety of Mandarin Chinese spoken in the central and southern parts of Shaanxi, Henan, southwestern part of Shanxi, southern part of Gansu, far southern part of Hebei, northern Anhui, northern parts of Jiangsu, southern Xinjiang and southern Shandong.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an.
Chanhe Hui District (is a district of the city of Luoyang, Henan province, China. Category:Districts of Luoyang Category:Hui people.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Chen Dong (born 12 December 1978) is a Chinese pilot and astronaut selected as part of the Shenzhou program.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The China Meteorological Administration (CMA), headquartered in Beijing, is the national weather service for the People's Republic of China.
Astronomy in China has a long history, beginning from the Shang Dynasty (Chinese Bronze Age).
Postal romanization was a system of transliterating Chinese place names developed by the Imperial Post Office in the early 1900s.
Cosmic Girls, also known as WJSN, is a South Korean-Chinese girl group formed by Starship Entertainment and Yuehua Entertainment which debuted in 2016.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China.
Dangak (syllables: dang-ak) is a genre of traditional Korean court music.
Datong is a prefecture-level city in northern Shanxi Province in the People's Republic of China.
The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
Dong Zhuo (died 22 May 192), courtesy name Zhongying, was a military general and warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.
Du Wei (born 9 February 1982) is a Chinese footballer who currently plays for Guizhou Hengfeng in the Chinese Super League.
Dan, Duke Wen of Zhou (11th Century BC), commonly known as the Duke of Zhou, was a member of the royal family of the Zhou dynasty who played a major role in consolidating the kingdom established by his elder brother King Wu.
The following is a chronology of the dynasties in Chinese History.
Emperor Guangwu (born Liu Xiu; 15 January 5 BC – 29 March 57), courtesy name Wenshu, was an emperor of the Chinese Han dynasty, restorer of the dynasty in AD 25 and thus founder of the Later Han or Eastern Han (the restored Han Dynasty).
Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976) personal name Zhao Kuangyin, courtesy name Yuanlang, was the founder and first emperor of the Song dynasty in China.
Emperor Wen of Sui (隋文帝; 21 July 541 – 13 August 604), personal name Yang Jian (楊堅), Xianbei name Puliuru Jian (普六茹堅), nickname Nryana, was the founder and first emperor of China's Sui Dynasty (581–618 AD).
Emperor Wu of (Liu) Song ((劉)宋武帝; 363–422), personal name Liu Yu (劉裕), courtesy name Dexing (德興), nickname Jinu (寄奴), was the founding emperor of the Chinese dynasty Liu Song.
Emperor Xian of Han (2 April 181 – 21 April 234), personal name Liu Xie, courtesy name Bohe, was the 14th and last emperor of the Eastern Han dynasty in China.
Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei ((北)魏孝文帝) (October 13, 467 – April 26, 499), personal name né Tuoba Hong (拓拔宏), later Yuan Hong (元宏), or Toba Hung II, was an emperor of the Northern Wei from September 20, 471 to April 26, 499.
Emperor Yang of Sui (隋煬帝, 569 – 11 April 618), personal name Yang Guang (楊廣), alternative name Ying (英), nickname Amo (阿摩), Sui Yang Di or Yang Di (隋炀帝) known as Emperor Ming (明帝) during the brief reign of his grandson Yang Tong), was the second son of Emperor Wen of Sui, and the second emperor of China's Sui dynasty. Emperor Yang's original name was Yang Ying, but was renamed by his father, after consulting with oracles, to Yang Guang. Yang Guang was made the Prince of Jin after Emperor Wen established Sui Dynasty in 581. In 588, he was granted command of the five armies that invaded the southern Chen dynasty and was widely praised for the success of this campaign. These military achievements, as well as his machinations against his older brother Yang Yong, led to him becoming crown prince in 600. After the death of his father in 604, generally considered, though unproven, by most traditional historians to be a murder ordered by Yang Guang, he ascended the throne as Emperor Yang. Emperor Yang, ruling from 604 to 618, committed to several large construction projects, most notably the completion of the Grand Canal. He commanded the reconstruction of the Great Wall, a project which took the lives of nearly six million workers. He also ordered several military expeditions that brought Sui to its greatest territorial extent, one of which, the conquest of Champa in what is now central and southern Vietnam, resulted in the death of thousands of Sui soldiers from malaria. These expeditions, along with a series of disastrous campaigns against Goguryeo (one of the three kingdoms of Korea), left the empire bankrupt and a populace in revolt. With northern China in turmoil, Emperor Yang spent his last days in Jiangdu (江都, in modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu), where he was eventually strangled in a coup led by his general Yuwen Huaji. Despite his accomplishments, Emperor Yang was generally considered by traditional historians to be one of the worst tyrants in Chinese history and the reason for the Sui Dynasty's relatively short rule. His failed campaigns against Goguryeo, and the conscriptions levied to man them, coupled with increased taxation to finance these wars and civil unrest as a result of this taxation ultimately led to the downfall of the dynasty.
The Erlitou culture was an early Bronze Age urban society and archaeological culture that existed in the Yellow River valley from approximately 1900 to 1500 BC.
Feng shui (pronounced), also known as Chinese geomancy, is a pseudoscience originating from China, which claims to use energy forces to harmonize individuals with their surrounding environment.
China's Five-Year Plans are a series of social and economic development initiatives.
Gao Hong (born 1964 in Luoyang, Henan) is a composer and performer of the Chinese pipa (pear-shaped lute).
Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory, also known as the Dengfeng Observatory, is a World Heritage Site in Duke of Zhou's shrine, Gaocheng Town, near Dengfeng in Henan province, China.
A gnomon (from Greek γνώμων, gnōmōn, literally: "one that knows or examines") is the part of a sundial that casts a shadow.
Goryeo (918–1392), also spelled as Koryŏ, was a Korean kingdom established in 918 by King Taejo.
The Grand Canal, known to the Chinese as the Beijing–Hangzhou Grand Canal (Jīng-Háng Dà Yùnhé), a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the longest as well as one of the oldest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination.
Guan Yu (died January or February 220), courtesy name Yunchang, was a general serving under the warlord Liu Bei in the late Eastern Han dynasty.
Guiguzi (鬼谷子) is the Chinese title given to a group of writings thought to have been compiled between the late Warring States period and the end of the Han Dynasty.
Guo Shoujing (1231–1316), courtesy name Ruosi (若思), was a Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician born in Xingtai, Hebei who lived during the Yuan Dynasty (1271–1368).
Guo Yipin (born September 1962) is a Chinese politician from Henan Province, serving as the Vice-Mayor of Luoyang since February 2014.
The Han Chinese,.
The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (206 BC–220 AD), preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and succeeded by the Three Kingdoms period (220–280 AD). Spanning over four centuries, the Han period is considered a golden age in Chinese history. To this day, China's majority ethnic group refers to themselves as the "Han Chinese" and the Chinese script is referred to as "Han characters". It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gaozu of Han, and briefly interrupted by the Xin dynasty (9–23 AD) of the former regent Wang Mang. This interregnum separates the Han dynasty into two periods: the Western Han or Former Han (206 BC–9 AD) and the Eastern Han or Later Han (25–220 AD). The emperor was at the pinnacle of Han society. He presided over the Han government but shared power with both the nobility and appointed ministers who came largely from the scholarly gentry class. The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from the Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven States. From the reign of Emperor Wu (r. 141–87 BC) onward, the Chinese court officially sponsored Confucianism in education and court politics, synthesized with the cosmology of later scholars such as Dong Zhongshu. This policy endured until the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911 AD. The Han dynasty saw an age of economic prosperity and witnessed a significant growth of the money economy first established during the Zhou dynasty (c. 1050–256 BC). The coinage issued by the central government mint in 119 BC remained the standard coinage of China until the Tang dynasty (618–907 AD). The period saw a number of limited institutional innovations. To finance its military campaigns and the settlement of newly conquered frontier territories, the Han government nationalized the private salt and iron industries in 117 BC, but these government monopolies were repealed during the Eastern Han dynasty. Science and technology during the Han period saw significant advances, including the process of papermaking, the nautical steering ship rudder, the use of negative numbers in mathematics, the raised-relief map, the hydraulic-powered armillary sphere for astronomy, and a seismometer for measuring earthquakes employing an inverted pendulum. The Xiongnu, a nomadic steppe confederation, defeated the Han in 200 BC and forced the Han to submit as a de facto inferior partner, but continued their raids on the Han borders. Emperor Wu launched several military campaigns against them. The ultimate Han victory in these wars eventually forced the Xiongnu to accept vassal status as Han tributaries. These campaigns expanded Han sovereignty into the Tarim Basin of Central Asia, divided the Xiongnu into two separate confederations, and helped establish the vast trade network known as the Silk Road, which reached as far as the Mediterranean world. The territories north of Han's borders were quickly overrun by the nomadic Xianbei confederation. Emperor Wu also launched successful military expeditions in the south, annexing Nanyue in 111 BC and Dian in 109 BC, and in the Korean Peninsula where the Xuantu and Lelang Commanderies were established in 108 BC. After 92 AD, the palace eunuchs increasingly involved themselves in court politics, engaging in violent power struggles between the various consort clans of the empresses and empresses dowager, causing the Han's ultimate downfall. Imperial authority was also seriously challenged by large Daoist religious societies which instigated the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the Five Pecks of Rice Rebellion. Following the death of Emperor Ling (r. 168–189 AD), the palace eunuchs suffered wholesale massacre by military officers, allowing members of the aristocracy and military governors to become warlords and divide the empire. When Cao Pi, King of Wei, usurped the throne from Emperor Xian, the Han dynasty would eventually collapse and ceased to exist.
Hangu Pass or Hanguguan is a pass separating the upper Yellow River and Wei valleys—the cradle of Chinese civilization and seat of its longtime capital Xi'an—from the fertile North China Plain.
Hao or Haojing, also called Zongzhou (宗周), was one of the two settlements comprising the capital of the Western Zhou dynasty (1066-770 BCE), the other being Fēng or Fēngjīng (灃京).
Henan is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the central part of the country.
Henan University of Science and Technology (HAUST) is a comprehensive teaching and research university which ranks top three in Henan Province.
There are traditionally four historical capitals of China, collectively referred to as the "Four Great Ancient Capitals of China".
The Hui people (Xiao'erjing: خُوِذُو; Dungan: Хуэйзў, Xuejzw) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group predominantly composed of Han Chinese adherents of the Muslim faith found throughout China, mainly in the northwestern provinces of the country and the Zhongyuan region.
ISO 3166-2:CN is the entry for China in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
The history of the missions of the Jesuits in China is part of the history of relations between China and the Western world.
Jiankang, or Jianye, as it was originally called, was the capital city of the Eastern Wu (229–265 and 266–280 CE), the Jin dynasty (317–420 CE) and the Southern Dynasties (420–552 and 557–589 CE).
Jianxi District is a district of the city of Luoyang, Henan province, China.
Jiaozuo (postal: Tsiaotso) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China.
King Jie (traditionally 17281675 BCE) was the 17th and last ruler of the Xia dynasty of China.
Jili District is a district of the city of Luoyang, Henan province, China.
The Jin dynasty, officially known as the Great Jin, lasted from 1115 to 1234 as one of the last dynasties in Chinese history to predate the Mongol invasion of China.
The Jin dynasty or the Jin Empire (sometimes distinguished as the or) was a Chinese dynasty traditionally dated from 266 to 420.
Jiyuan is a sub-prefecture-level city in northwestern Henan province, People's Republic of China.
Noel Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (9 December 1900 – 24 March 1995) was a British biochemist, historian and sinologist known for his scientific research and writing on the history of Chinese science and technology.
Journey to the West is a Chinese novel published in the 16th century during the Ming dynasty and attributed to Wu Cheng'en.
Kaifeng, known previously by several names, is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province, China.
Korea is a region in East Asia; since 1945 it has been divided into two distinctive sovereign states: North Korea and South Korea.
La Crosse is a city in the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the county seat of La Crosse County.
Laocheng is a district of Luoyang in Henan, China.
Laozi (. Collins English Dictionary.; also Lao-Tzu,. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2016. or Lao-Tze;, literally "Old Master") was an ancient Chinese philosopher and writer.
The Later Liang (1 June 907 – 19 November 923), also known as Zhu Liang, was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in China.
Tang, known in history as Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty that lasted from 923 to 937 during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period in the history of China.
This is a list of Chinese astronauts, people trained by the China National Space Administration (CNSA) to command, pilot, or serve as a crew member of a spacecraft.
The emperors of the Han dynasty were the supreme heads of government during the second imperial dynasty of China; the Han dynasty (202 BC – 220 AD) followed the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and preceded the Three Kingdoms (220–265 AD).
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, where "China" is taken to mean areas controlled by either of the two states using "China" in their formal names, the People's Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan).
This is a list of places in the People's Republic of China having standing links to local communities in other countries.
The Song dynasty, better known as the Liu Song dynasty (420–479 CE;; Wade-Giles: Liu Sung), also known as Former Song (前宋) or Southern Song (南宋), was the first of the four Southern Dynasties in China, succeeding the Eastern Jin and followed by the Southern Qi.
Liu Yuxi (Wade-Giles: Liu Yü-hsi) (772–842) was a Chinese poet, philosopher, and essayist, active during the Tang Dynasty.
The Longmen Grottoes (literally Dragon's Gate Grottoes) or Longmen Caves are some of the finest examples of Chinese Buddhist art.
Lou Silver Harrison (May 14, 1917 – February 2, 2003) was an American composer.
Luanchuan County is a county under the jurisdiction of Luoyang City, in the west of Henan province, China.
The Luo River is a tributary of the Yellow River in China.
Luolong District is a district of the city of Luoyang, Henan province, China.
Luoning County is a county in the west of Henan province, China.
Luoyang, formerly romanized as Loyang, is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River in the west of Henan province.
Luoyang Ancient Tombs Museum (洛阳古墓博物馆, pinyin: Luoyang gumu bowuguan) is a museum presenting Chinese ancient tombs in Luoyang, in the Henan province of China.
Luoyang Beijiao Airport is an airport serving the city of Luoyang in Henan Province, China.
Luoyang Institute of Science and Technology (洛阳理工学院) is an educational institute in the Chinese city of Luoyang.
The Luoyang Longmen railway station is a railway station of Xuzhou–Lanzhou High-Speed Railway.
Luoyang Museum is a historical museum in Luoyang, Henan Province, China.
The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name.
Mandarin is a group of related varieties of Chinese spoken across most of northern and southwestern China.
Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus; 26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from, ruling jointly with his adoptive brother, Lucius Verus, until Verus' death in 169, and jointly with his son, Commodus, from 177.
Mengjin County is a county under the jurisdiction of Luoyang City, in the northwest of Henan province, China, located to the north of Luoyang's urban districts.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The Mongols (ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠴᠤᠳ, Mongolchuud) are an East-Central Asian ethnic group native to Mongolia and China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
Nanyang is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, China.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
The Nine Tripod Cauldrons were a collection of ding cast by the legendary Yu the Great of the Xia dynasty of ancient China.
The Northern Wei or the Northern Wei Empire, also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), or Yuan Wei (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (de jure until 535), during the period of the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
Paeonia suffruticosa is a name used for a group of culture varieties of tree peonies that are the result of hybridisation with species exclusively belonging to the subsection Vaginatae.
Pingdingshan, also known as the Eagle City, had 4,904,701 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 1,756,333 lived in the metropolitan area.
The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument, belonging to the plucked category of instruments.
A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-controlled city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure.
Prestige is the level of regard normally accorded a specific language or dialect within a speech community, relative to other languages or dialects.
Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township.
Provincial-level administrative divisions or first-level administrative divisions, are the highest-level Chinese administrative divisions.
The renminbi (Ab.: RMB;; sign: 元; code: CNY) is the official currency of the People's Republic of China.
Rock-cut architecture is the creation of structures, buildings, and sculptures, by excavating solid rock where it naturally occurs.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Luoyang/Loyang (Loiamen(sis)) is a diocese located in the city of Luoyang in the Ecclesiastical province of Kaifeng in China.
The Romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese.
Ruyang County is a county in the Henan province of central China, under the jurisdiction of the city of Luoyang.
Sanmenxia (postal: Sanmenhsia) is a prefecture-level city in western Henan Province, China.
Science and Civilisation in China (1954–) is a series of books initiated and edited by British biochemist, historian and sinologist Joseph Needham, Ph.D (1900–1995).
The Shang dynasty or Yin dynasty, according to traditional historiography, ruled in the Yellow River valley in the second millennium BC, succeeding the Xia dynasty and followed by the Zhou dynasty.
The Shaolin Monastery, also known as the Shaolin Temple, is a Chan ("Zen") Buddhist temple in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China.
Shenzhou 11 was a manned spaceflight of the Shenzhou program of China, launched on 17 October 2016 (16 October UTC) from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.
The Silk Road was an ancient network of trade routes that connected the East and West.
Buddhism entered Han China via the Silk Road, beginning in the 1st or 2nd century CE.
Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor is a UNESCO World Heritage Site which covers the Chang'an-Tianshan portion of the ancient Silk Road and historical sites along the route.
Sino-Roman relations comprised the mostly indirect contact, flow of trade goods, information, and occasional travellers between the Roman Empire and Han Empire of China, as well as between the later Eastern Roman Empire and various Chinese dynasties.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.
Song County or Songxian (Chinese: 嵩县; Pinyin: Sōng Xiàn) is a county of Luoyang City, Henan Province, China (PRC).
The Song dynasty (960–1279) was an era of Chinese history that began in 960 and continued until 1279.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China and Taiwan (de facto), and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.
The Sui Dynasty was a short-lived imperial dynasty of China of pivotal significance.
The summer solstice (or estival solstice), also known as midsummer, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun.
Tai Kang was the third ruler or king of the Xia Dynasty.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Tan Daoji (died April 9, 436) was a high level general of the Chinese dynasty Liu Song.
The Tang dynasty or the Tang Empire was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
Tang (– 1646 BC) or Cheng Tang (成湯), recorded on oracle bones as Da Yi (大乙), was the first king of the Shang dynasty in Chinese history.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
The Third Front Movement was a massive industrial development by China in its interior starting in 1964.
The Three Kingdoms (220–280) was the tripartite division of China between the states of Wei (魏), Shu (蜀), and Wu (吳).
The time in China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00 (eight hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time), despite China spanning five geographical time zones.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Uniq (Hangul: 유니크; stylized UNIQ) is a five-member Chinese-South Korean boy group formed by Chinese company Yuehua Entertainment in 2014.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Chinese, also known as Sinitic, is a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family consisting of hundreds of local language varieties, many of which are not mutually intelligible.
Vehicle registration plates in China are mandatory metal or plastic plates attached to motor vehicles in mainland China for official identification purposes.
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia.
Wangcheng was an ancient Chinese city located beside the ceremonial eastern capital of Luoyi during the Zhou dynasty.
The Warring States period was an era in ancient Chinese history of warfare, as well as bureaucratic and military reforms and consolidation, following the Spring and Autumn period and concluding with the Qin wars of conquest that saw the annexation of all other contender states, which ultimately led to the Qin state's victory in 221 BC as the first unified Chinese empire known as the Qin dynasty.
The Water Banquet (Chinese: 水席, shǔixí) is a Chinese set of dishes comprising 8 cold and 16 warm dishes cooked in various broths, gravies, and juices.
White Horse Temple is, according to tradition, the first Buddhist temple in China, established in 68 AD under the patronage of Emperor Ming in the Eastern Han dynasty capital Luoyang.
The winter solstice (or hibernal solstice), also known as midwinter, is an astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
Wu Zetian (624 December16, 705),Paludan, 100 alternatively named Wu Zhao, Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, also referred to in English as Empress Consort Wu or by the deprecated term "Empress Wu", was a Chinese sovereign who ruled unofficially as empress consort and empress dowager and later, officially as empress regnant (皇帝) during the brief Zhou dynasty (周, 684–705), which interrupted the Tang dynasty (618–690 & 705–907).
The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.
Xianyang is a prefecture-level city in central Shaanxi province, situated on the Wei River a few kilometers upstream (west) from the provincial capital of Xi'an.
Xigong District is a district of Henan, China.
Xin'an County (Chinese: 新安县; Pinyin: Xīn'ān Xiàn, Hakka Dialect: Sin On Yen) is a part of Luoyang City, Henan Province, People's Republic of China.
The Xiongnu were a confederation of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Asian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD.
Xuanzang (fl. c. 602 – 664) was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, traveller, and translator who travelled to India in the seventh century and described the interaction between Chinese Buddhism and Indian Buddhism during the early Tang dynasty.
Xuchang (postal: Hsuchang) is a prefecture-level city in central Henan province in Central China.
Yanshi is a county-level city administered by the prefecture-level city of Luoyang in western Henan province in the China.
The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in Asia, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of.
The Yellow Turban Rebellion, also translated as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion, was a peasant revolt in China against the Eastern Han dynasty.
The Yi River (Chinese: 伊河; Pinyin: Yī Hé) is a tributary of the Luo River in the province of Henan, China.
Yichuan County is a county of Henan, China.
Yiyang is a county in Luoyang city, Henan province, China, historically called Shou'an County.
The Yongning Pagoda or Yongning Temple in Luoyang was one of the tallest buildings of the world from 516 AD to 534 AD.
The Yuan dynasty, officially the Great Yuan (Yehe Yuan Ulus), was the empire or ruling dynasty of China established by Kublai Khan, leader of the Mongolian Borjigin clan.
Zhengzhou is the capital of Henan Province in the central part of the People's Republic of China.
Zhongyuan, Chungyuan, or the Central Plain, also known as Zhongtu, Chungtu or Zhongzhou, Chungchou, is the area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization.
The Zhou dynasty or the Zhou Kingdom was a Chinese dynasty that followed the Shang dynasty and preceded the Qin dynasty.
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