218 relations: Accompaniment, Akira Ifukube, Al-Andalus, Albert de Rippe, Alessandro Piccinini, Alexandre Danilevsky, Alfonso X of Castile, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Ancient Rome, Andreas Martin (lutenist), Andrew Rutherford (lutenist), Angélique (instrument), Anthony Bailes, Anthony Holborne, Antonio Stradivari, Arabic, Archlute, Armenians, Arnold Dolmetsch, Arnolt Schlick, Bağlama, Bactria, Baghdad, Balalaika, Band (rock and pop), Barbat (lute), Baroque, Baroque music, Bálint Bakfark, Ben Salfield, Biwa, Bouzouki, Bulgars, Cambridge Digital Library, Cambridge University Library, Cantigas de Santa Maria, Cappella Palatina, Cezar Mateus, Charango, China, Chitarra Italiana, Chordophone, Christopher Wilson (lutenist), Cilicia, Classical antiquity, Classical period (music), Cobza, Conrad Paumann, ..., Course (music), Cylinder seal, Daniel Bacheler, David Rubio, Denis Gaultier, Diana Poulton, Dombra, Domra, Dramyin, Dutar, Early music, Edin Karamazov, Eduardo Egüez, Egg white, Elena Kats-Chernin, Emerita Augusta, Emirate of Córdoba, Ennemond Gaultier, Esaias Reusner, Family (musical instruments), Figured bass, Fingerboard, Focus (band), François Dufault, Francesco Canova da Milano, Francesco Spinacino, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Frescobaldi, Fret, Frottola, Gandhara, Gastrointestinal tract, Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger, Godzilla, Goje, Guillaume de Morlaye, Guitar, Hans Judenkönig, Hans Neusidler, Harp, History of Iran, Hittites, Hohenstaufen, Hopkinson Smith, Hornbostel–Sachs, Iberian Peninsula, India, Intabulation, Ishaq al-Mawsili, Jan Akkerman, Jim Jarmusch, Joachim Tielke, Joan Ambrosio Dalza, Johann Georg Hamann, Johann Jakob Froberger, Johann Nepomuk David, Johann Sebastian Bach, John Dowland, Jozef van Wissem, Julian Bream, Kobza, Komuz, Kurdish tanbur, Kutiyapi, Laouto, Lautenwerck, List of composers for lute, List of musical instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number: 321.321, Luca Pianca, Luis de Milán, Luis de Narváez, Luthier, Lutz Kirchhof, Mandocello, Mandola, Mandolin, Mandolute, Mandora, Mandore (instrument), Mérida, Spain, Medieval music, Mesopotamia, Middle Ages, Middle Kingdom of Egypt, Modernism (music), Music, Music of Crete, Music of Greece, Music of Turkey, Musical hoax, Musical notation, Musical tuning, Neck (music), Nigel North, Norman conquest of southern Italy, Only Lovers Left Alive, Orpharion, Ottaviano Petrucci, Ottorino Respighi, Oud, Pandura, Paul O'Dette, Paulo Galvão, Peter Croton, Pierre Attaingnant, Pipa, Piva (dance), Pizzicato, Plectrum, Polyphony, Provence, Psaltery, Qinqin, Renaissance, Renaissance music, Richard Dumbrill (musicologist), Robert Barto, Robert de Visée, Robert MacKillop, Roger II of Sicily, Rolf Lislevand, Roman Turovsky-Savchuk, Ronn McFarlane, Rubab (instrument), Saltarello, Sandor Kalloś, Sapeh, Sasanian Empire, Setar, Shellac, Sitar, Sound board (music), Soviet Union, Spruce, Stele, Stephen Murphy (lutemaker), Sting (musician), String instrument, Stringed instrument tunings, Style brisé, Swedish lute, Sylvius Leopold Weiss, Tablature, Tanbur, Tar (string instrument), Theorbo, Thirty Years' War, Timothy Burris, Tiorbino, Topshur, Torban, Toyohiko Satoh, Troubadour, Trouvère, Tuning peg, Turkic peoples, Turkish tambur, Veena, Vihuela, Vincenzo Capirola, Viol, Violin family, Vladimir Vavilov (composer), Xalam, Xavier Diaz-Latorre, Yasunori Imamura, Yueqin, Ziryab. Expand index (168 more) » « Shrink index
Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.
(31 May 1914 – 8 February 2006) was a Japanese composer, best known for his works on the film scores of the Godzilla movies since 1954.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
Albert de Rippe (Alberto da Ripa) (c. 1500–1551) was an Italian lutenist and composer.
Alessandro Piccinini (30 December 1566 – c. 1638), was an Italian lutenist and composer.
Alexandre Danilevsky (Александр Данилевский; born in 1957 in St. Petersburg) is a Russian-born French composer, lutenist, vielle player, active in Metz, France.
Alfonso X (also occasionally Alphonso, Alphonse, or Alfons, 23 November 1221 – 4 April 1284), called the Wise (el Sabio), was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death in 1284.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
Andreas Martin (born 1963) is a German lutenist.
Andrew Rutherford (born in 195?) is an American lutenist and luthier living and working in Albany and New York City.
The angélique (French, from Italian angelica) is a plucked string instrument of the lute family of the baroque era.
Anthony Bailes is a British lutenist.
Anthony Holborne (c. 1545 – 29 November 1602) was a composer of music for lute, cittern, and instrumental consort during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
Antonio Stradivari; (1644 – December 18, 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas and harps.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The archlute (Spanish archilaúd, Italian arciliuto, German Erzlaute, Russian Архилютня) is a European plucked string instrument developed around 1600 as a compromise between the very large theorbo, the size and re-entrant tuning of which made for difficulties in the performance of solo music, and the Renaissance tenor lute, which lacked the bass range of the theorbo.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
Eugène Arnold Dolmetsch (24 February 1858 – 28 February 1940), was a French-born musician and instrument maker who spent much of his working life in England and established an instrument-making workshop in Haslemere, Surrey.
Arnolt Schlick (July 18?,Keyl 1989, 110–11. c. 1455–1460 – after 1521) was a German organist, lutenist and composer of the Renaissance.
The bağlama (bağlama, from bağlamak, "to tie") is a stringed musical instrument.
Bactria or Bactriana was the name of a historical region in Central Asia.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
The balalaika (балала́йка) is a Russian stringed musical instrument with a characteristic triangular wooden, hollow body and three strings.
A rock band or pop band is a small musical ensemble which performs rock music, pop music or a related genre.
The barbat (بربط) or barbud was a lute of Central Asian or Greater Iranian or Persian origin.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.
Bálint Bakfark (in contemporary sources Valentin Bakfark or (from 1565 onward) Valentin Greff alias Bakfark, his name is variously spelled as Bacfarc, Bakfarc, Bakfarkh, Bakffark, Backuart) (1526–30 – 15 or 22 August 1576) was a Hungarian composer of Transylvanian Saxon origin, and lutenist of the Renaissance.
Benjamin Dieter Salfield (born 1971) is an English lutenist, composer, teacher and promoter.
The is a Japanese short-necked fretted lute, often used in narrative storytelling.
The bouzouki (also buzuki; μπουζούκι; plural bouzoukia μπουζούκια) is a musical instrument popular in Greece that was brought there in the 1900s by Greek immigrants from Asia Minor, and quickly became the central instrument to the rebetiko genre and its music branches.
The Bulgars (also Bulghars, Bulgari, Bolgars, Bolghars, Bolgari, Proto-Bulgarians) were Turkic semi-nomadic warrior tribes that flourished in the Pontic-Caspian steppe and the Volga region during the 7th century.
The Cambridge Digital Library is a project operated by the Cambridge University Library designed to make items from the unique and distinctive collections of Cambridge University Library available online.
Cambridge University Library is the main research library of the University of Cambridge in England.
The Cantigas de Santa Maria ("Canticles of Holy Mary"),, are 420 poems with musical notation, written in the medieval Galician-Portuguese language during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile ''El Sabio'' (1221–1284) and often attributed to him.
The Palatine Chapel (Cappella Palatina), is the royal chapel of the Norman kings of Sicily situated on the first floor at the center of the Palazzo Reale in Palermo, southern Italy.
Cezar Mateus (born 1961 in Bucharest, Romania) is an American luthier working in Princeton, New Jersey.
The charango is a small Andean stringed instrument of the lute family, which probably originated in the Quechua and Aymara populations in post-Colombian times, after European stringed instruments were introduced by the Spanish during colonialization.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chitarra Italiana ('Italian guitar') is a lute-shaped plucked instrument with 4 or 5 single (sometimes double) strings, in a tuning similar to that of the guitar.
A chordophone is a musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.
Christopher Wilson (born 1951) is a British lutenist.
In antiquity, Cilicia(Armenian: Կիլիկիա) was the south coastal region of Asia Minor and existed as a political entity from Hittite times into the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia during the late Byzantine Empire.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.
The cobza (also cobsa, kobuza, kobuz, coboz or koboz) is a multi-stringed instrument of the lute family of folk origin popular in Romanian and Moldovan folklore (it is considered the oldest accompaniment instrument in the region).
Conrad Paumann (c. 1410January 24, 1473) was a German organist, lutenist and composer of the early Renaissance.
A course, on a stringed musical instrument, is two or more adjacent strings that are closely spaced relative to the other strings, and typically played as a single string.
A cylinder seal is a small round cylinder, typically about one inch in length, engraved with written characters or figurative scenes or both, used in ancient times to roll an impression onto a two-dimensional surface, generally wet clay.
Daniel Bacheler, also variously spelt Bachiler, Batchiler or Batchelar, (baptized 16 March 1572 – buried 29 January 1619) was an English lutenist and composer.
David Rubio (born David Joseph Spinks; 1934 – 21 October 2000) was an English maker of stringed musical instruments.
Denis Gaultier (Gautier, Gaulthier; also known as Gaultier le jeune and Gaultier de Paris) (1597 or 1602/3 – 1672) was a French lutenist and composer.
Diana Poulton (18 April 1903 – 15 December 1995) was an English lutenist and musicologist.
The dombyra (домбыра) is a long-necked Kazakh lute and a musical string instrument.
The domra (домра) is a long-necked Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian folk string instrument of the lute family with a round body and three or four metal strings.
The dramyin or dranyen (dramnyen) is a traditional Himalayan folk music lute with six strings, used primarily as an accompaniment to singing in the Drukpa Buddhist culture and society in Bhutan, as well as in Tibet, Sikkim and Himalayan West Bengal.
The dutar (also dotar or doutar; دوتار; дутор; Duttar; dutor;; Дутар) is a traditional long-necked two-stringed lute found in Iran and Central Asia.
Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and Renaissance music (1400–1600), but can also include Baroque music (1600–1760).
Edin Karamazov (Zenica, 1965) is a Bosnian musician, lutenist and guitarist, resident in Zagreb.
Eduardo Egüez (born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1959) is a lutenist, theorbist, and guitarist acclaimed for his interpretations of music by J.S.Bach.
Egg white is the clear liquid (also called the albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg.
Elena Kats-Chernin (born 4 November 1957) is an Australian composer.
The Roman colony of Emerita Augusta (present day Mérida) was founded in 25 BC by Augustus, to resettle emeriti soldiers discharged from the Roman army from two veteran legions of the Cantabrian Wars: Legio V Alaudae and Legio X Gemina.
The Emirate of Córdoba (إمارة قرطبة, Imārat Qurṭuba) was an independent emirate in the Iberian Peninsula ruled by the Umayyad dynasty with Córdoba as its capital.
Ennemond Gaultier (Gaultier le Vieux, Gaultier de Lyon) (c. 157517 December 1651) was a French lutenist and composer.
Esaias Reusner (the Younger) (29 April 1636 – 1 May 1679) was a German lutenist and composer.
A family of musical instruments is a grouping of several different but related sizes or types of instruments.
Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.
The fingerboard (also known as a fretboard on fretted instruments) is an important component of most stringed instruments.
Focus are a Dutch rock band formed in Amsterdam in 1969 by keyboardist, vocalist, and flautist Thijs van Leer.
François Dufault (or Dufaut) (before 1604 (?)ca. 1672?) was a French lutenist and composer.
Francesco Canova da Milano (Francesco da Milano, also known as Il divino, Francesco da Parigi, etc.) (18 August 1497 – 2 January 1543) was an Italian lutenist and composer.
Francesco Spinacino (fl. 1507) was an Italian lutenist and composer.
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Fidiricu, Federico, Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany from 1212, King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem from 1225.
The Frescobaldi are a prominent Florentine noble family that have been involved in the political, sociological, and economic history of Tuscany since the Middle Ages.
A fret is a raised element on the neck of a stringed instrument.
The frottola (plural frottole) was the predominant type of Italian popular secular song of the late fifteenth and early sixteenth century.
Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated along the Kabul and Swat rivers of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger (also: Johann(es) Hieronymus Kapsberger or Giovanni Geronimo Kapsperger; c. 1580 – 17 January 1651) was a German-Italian virtuoso performer and composer of the early Baroque period.
() is a monster originating from a series of tokusatsu films of the same name from Japan.
The goje (the Hausa name for the instrument) is one of the many names for a variety of one or two-stringed fiddles from West Africa, almost exclusively played by ethnic groups inhabiting the Sahel and Sudan sparsely vegetated grassland belts leading to the Sahara.
Guillaume de Morlaye (c.1510–c.1558) was a French Renaissance era lutenist, composer and music publisher.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Hans Judenkönig (also Judenkunig or Judenkünig) (c. 1450 – 4 March 1526) was a German lutenist of the Renaissance.
Hans Neusidler (also Neusiedler, Newsidler) (c.1508 – 2 February 1563), was a German composer and lutenist of the Renaissance.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.
The Hittites were an Ancient Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC.
The Staufer, also known as the House of Staufen, or of Hohenstaufen, were a dynasty of German kings (1138–1254) during the Middle Ages.
Hopkinson Smith (born December 7, 1946) is an American lutenist and pedagogue, longtime resident in Basel, Switzerland.
Hornbostel–Sachs or Sachs–Hornbostel is a system of musical instrument classification devised by Erich Moritz von Hornbostel and Curt Sachs, and first published in the Zeitschrift für Ethnologie in 1914.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Intabulation, from the Italian word intavolatura, refers to an arrangement of a vocal or ensemble piece for keyboard, lute, or other plucked string instrument, written in tablature.
Ishaq al-Mawsili (إسحاق الموصلي) (born 150 AH, 767 CE in Rey - died 235 AH, 850 CE in Baghdad) was a Persian"Isḥāq al-Mawṣilī." Encyclopædia Britannica.
Jan Akkerman (born 24 December 1946) is a Dutch guitarist.
James Robert Jarmusch (born January 22, 1953) is an American film director, screenwriter, actor, producer, editor, and composer.
Joachim Tielke (14 October 1641 – 19 January 1719) was a German maker of musical instruments.
Joan Ambrosio Dalza (fl. 1508) was an Italian lutenist and composer.
Johann Georg Hamann (27 August 1730 – 21 June 1788) was a German philosopher, whose work was used by his student J. G. Herder as a main support of the Sturm und Drang movement, and associated by historian of ideas Isaiah Berlin with the Counter-Enlightenment.
Johann Jakob Froberger (baptized 19 May 1616 – 7 May 1667) was a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist.
Johann Nepomuk David (30 November 1895 – 22 December 1977) was an Austrian composer.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Dowland (1563 – buried 20 February 1626) was an English Renaissance composer, lutenist, and singer.
Jozef van Wissem (born 22nov 1962) is a Dutch minimalist composer and lute player based in Brooklyn.
Julian Alexander Bream, CBE (born 15 July 1933), is an English virtuoso classical guitarist and lutenist.
The kobza (кобза) (also called bandurka (кобза) is a Ukrainian folk music instrument of the lute family (Hornbostel-Sachs classification number 321.321-5+6), a relative of the Central European mandora. The term kobza however, has also been applied to a number of other Eastern European instruments distinct from the Ukrainian kobza.
The komuz or qomuz (Kyrgyz: комуз), Azeri Qopuz, Turkish Kopuz, is an ancient fretless string instrument used in Central Asian music, related to certain other Turkic string instruments and the lute.
Kurdish tanbur (tembûr تهمبوور) or tanbour (تنبور), a fretted string instrument, is an initial and main form of the tanbūr instrument family, original of and unique to the Kurdish people.
The kutiyapi, or kudyapi, is a Philippine two-stringed, fretted boat-lute.
The laouto (λαούτο) is a long-neck fretted instrument of the lute family, found in Greece and Cyprus, and similar in appearance to the oud.
The lautenwerck (also spelled lautenwerk), or lute-harpsichord (lute-clavier), is a European keyboard instrument of the Baroque period.
This is a list of composers who wrote for lute and similar period instruments: theorbo, chitarrone, vihuela etc.
This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 321.321 under that system.
Luca Pianca (born 1958) is a Swiss musician-lutenist whose specialty is archlute.
Luis de Milán (also known as Lluís del Milà or Luys Milán) (c. 1500 – c. 1561) was a Spanish Renaissance composer, vihuelist, and writer on music.
Luis de Narváez (fl. 1526–49) was a Spanish composer and vihuelist.
A luthier is someone who builds or repairs string instruments generally consisting of a neck and a sound box.
Lutz Kirchhof (born 1953, Frankfurt am Main) is a German lutenist.
The mandocello (mandoloncello, Liuto cantabile, liuto moderno) is a plucked string instrument of the mandolin family.
The mandola (US and Canada) or tenor mandola (Ireland and UK) is a fretted, stringed musical instrument.
A mandolin (mandolino; literally "small mandola") is a stringed musical instrument in the lute family and is usually plucked with a plectrum or "pick".
The Weymann Mandolute was one of the products sold under Weymann, the Philadelphia-based brand of Weymann and Sons, established 1864.
The mandora or gallichon is a type of 18th- and early 19th-century lute, with six to nine courses of strings.
The mandore is a musical instrument, a small member of the lute family, teardrop shaped, with four to six courses of gut strings and pitched in the treble range.
Mérida (Extremaduran: Méria) is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, western central Spain.
Medieval music consists of songs, instrumental pieces, and liturgical music from about 500 A.D. to 1400.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt between circa 2050 BC and 1710 BC, stretching from the reunification of Egypt under the impulse of Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty to the end of the Twelfth Dynasty.
In music, modernism is a philosophical and aesthetic stance underlying the period of change and development in musical language that occurred around the turn of the 20th century, a period of diverse reactions in challenging and reinterpreting older categories of music, innovations that led to new ways of organizing and approaching harmonic, melodic, sonic, and rhythmic aspects of music, and changes in aesthetic worldviews in close relation to the larger identifiable period of modernism in the arts of the time.
Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time.
The music of Crete (Κρητική μουσική), also called kritika (κρητικά.), refers to traditional forms of Greek folk music prevalent on the island of Crete in Greece.
The music of Greece is as diverse and celebrated as its history.
The music of Turkey includes mainly Turkic elements as well as partial influences ranging from Central Asian folk music, Arabic music, Greek music, Ottoman music, Persian music and Balkan music, as well as references to more modern European and American popular music.
A musical hoax (also musical forgery and musical mystification) is a piece of music composed by an individual or group who intentionally misattribute it to someone else.
Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music played with instruments or sung by the human voice through the use of written, printed, or otherwise-produced symbols.
In music, there are two common meanings for tuning.
The neck is the part of certain string instruments that projects from the main body and is the base of the fingerboard, where the fingers are placed to stop the strings at different pitches.
Nigel North (born 5 June 1954) is an English lutenist, musicologist, and pedagogue.
The Norman conquest of southern Italy lasted from 999 to 1139, involving many battles and independent conquerors.
Only Lovers Left Alive is a 2013 internationally co-produced vampire film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch, starring Tilda Swinton, Tom Hiddleston, Mia Wasikowska, Anton Yelchin, Jeffrey Wright, Slimane Dazi and John Hurt.
The orpharion or opherion is a plucked stringed instrument from the Renaissance, a member of the cittern family.
Ottaviano Petrucci (born in Fossombrone on 18 June 1466 – died on 7 May 1539 in Venice) was an Italian printer.
Ottorino Respighi (9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian violinist, composer and musicologist, best known for his three orchestral tone poems Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928).
The oud (عود) is a short-neck lute-type, pear-shaped stringed instrument (a chordophone in the Hornbostel-Sachs classification of instruments) with 11 or 13 strings grouped in 5 or 6 courses, commonly used in Egyptian, Syrian, Palestinian, Lebanese, Iraqi, Arabian, Jewish, Persian, Greek, Armenian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, North African (Chaabi, Classical, and Spanish Andalusian), Somali, and various other forms of Middle Eastern and North African music.
The pandura (πανδοῦρα, pandoura) was an ancient Greek string instrument belonging in the broad class of the lute and guitar instruments.
Paul R. O'Dette (born February 2, 1954, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States) is an American lutenist, conductor, and musicologist specializing in early music.
Paulo Galvão (born 1967 in Portimão, Algarve, Portugal) is a composer, lutenist, theorbist and guitarist.
Peter Croton (born 1957, in New York City) is a Swiss-American lutenist and guitarist.
Pierre Attaingnant (or Attaignant) (c. 1494 – late 1551 or 1552) was a French music publisher, active in Paris.
The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument, belonging to the plucked category of instruments.
Piva is an Italian Renaissance dance that may have originated from a peasant dance to the accompaniment of bagpipes.
Pizzicato (pizzicato, translated as pinched, and sometimes roughly as plucked) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument.
A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument.
In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.
Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Psaltery 1700 – Venitian school A psaltery (or sawtry) is a stringed instrument of the zither family.
The qinqin (秦琴; pinyin: qínqín; Vietnamese: Dan-tru) is a plucked Chinese lute.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Renaissance music is vocal and instrumental music written and performed in Europe during the Renaissance era.
Professor Richard J. Dumbrill of the City University of New York is an ethnomusicologist/archaeomusicologist who has traced the evolution of balags, lyre, lute and aerophone instrumental music in the ancient Near East, the founder of the International Council of Near Eastern Archaeomusicology (ICONEA) at the Institute of Musical Research, School of Advanced Studies, University of London, and Professor of Archaeomusicology, University of Babylon.
Robert Barto (born 1950's in San Diego) is an American lutenist specializing in the music of the Baroque and Empfindsamkeit periods, in particular the oeuvres of Sylvius Leopold Weiss and Bernhard Joachim Hagen.
Robert de Visée (c. 1655 – 1732/1733) was a lutenist, guitarist, theorbist and viol player at the court of the French kings Louis XIV and Louis XV, as well as a singer and composer for lute, theorbo and guitar.
Rob MacKillop (born in 1959 in Dundee) is a Scottish composer, lutenist, theorbist, vihuelist, and guitarist.
Roger II (22 December 1095Houben, p. 30. – 26 February 1154) was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon.
Rolf Lislevand (30 December 1961 in Oslo, Norway), is a Norwegian performer of Early music specialising on lute, vihuela, baroque guitar and theorbo.
Roman Turovsky-Savchuk (Ukrainian: Роман Туровський-Савчук) is an American artist-painter, photographer and videoinstallation artist, as well as a lutenist-composer,http://www.concertzender.nl/kairos-een-meditatie-op-hedendaagse-muziek-5/.
Ronn McFarlane (born 1953) is an American lutenist and composer, most notable as an interpreter of Renaissance music.
Rubab, robab or rabab (رباب, रुबाब, Rübab, Rübab, رُباب rubāb, Tajik and Uzbek рубоб) is a lute-like musical instrument originating from central Afghanistan.
The saltarello is a musical dance form originally from Italy.
Sandor Kalloś (also "Shandor Kallosh", Шандор Эрнестович Каллош, Шандор Ернестович Каллош, Kallós Sándor) (born 23 October 1935, Chernivtsi, Ukraine) is a Russian composer (of Hungarian descent), a noted proponent of musical Minimalism, an influential pioneer of the early music revival and electronic music in the USSR, lutenist, and a prolific author of incidental music for film, animation, theater and ballet.
The sape' (sampek, sampeh, sapek) is a traditional lute of many of the Orang Ulu or "upriver people", mainly the "Kayan" and "Kenyah" community who live in the longhouses that line the rivers of Central Borneo.
The Sasanian Empire, also known as the Sassanian, Sasanid, Sassanid or Neo-Persian Empire (known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr in Middle Persian), was the last period of the Persian Empire (Iran) before the rise of Islam, named after the House of Sasan, which ruled from 224 to 651 AD. The Sasanian Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognised as one of the leading world powers alongside its neighbouring arch-rival the Roman-Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years.Norman A. Stillman The Jews of Arab Lands pp 22 Jewish Publication Society, 1979 International Congress of Byzantine Studies Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Byzantine Studies, London, 21–26 August 2006, Volumes 1-3 pp 29. Ashgate Pub Co, 30 sep. 2006 The Sasanian Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Parthian Empire and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus V. At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan. According to a legend, the vexilloid of the Sasanian Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani.Khaleghi-Motlagh, The Sasanian Empire during Late Antiquity is considered to have been one of Iran's most important and influential historical periods and constituted the last great Iranian empire before the Muslim conquest and the adoption of Islam. In many ways, the Sasanian period witnessed the peak of ancient Iranian civilisation. The Sasanians' cultural influence extended far beyond the empire's territorial borders, reaching as far as Western Europe, Africa, China and India. It played a prominent role in the formation of both European and Asian medieval art. Much of what later became known as Islamic culture in art, architecture, music and other subject matter was transferred from the Sasanians throughout the Muslim world.
The Setar (سهتار, from, meaning "three" and, meaning "string") is an Iranian musical instrument.
Shellac is a resin secreted by the female lac bug, on trees in the forests of India and Thailand.
The sitar (or; सितार, Punjabi: ਸਿਤਾਰ) is a plucked stringed instrument used in Hindustani classical music.
A sound board, or soundboard, is the surface of a string instrument that the strings vibrate against, usually via some sort of bridge.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
A steleAnglicized plural steles; Greek plural stelai, from Greek στήλη, stēlē.
Stephen Murphy, born Sydney, Australia, May 26, 1942, is a lute maker located in Southern France at Mollans-sur-Ouvèze.
Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner (born 2 October 1951), known as Sting, is an English singer, songwriter, and actor.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
This is a chart of stringed instrument tunings.
Style brisé (French: "broken style") is a general term for irregular arpeggiated texture in instrumental music of the Baroque period.
The Swedish lute (svensk luta) is a musical instrument developed from the early cittern, with a theorbo'ed neck with several bass strings running offset from the fretboard.
Sylvius Leopold Weiss (12 October 168716 October 1750) was a German composer and lutenist.
Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches.
The terms Tanbur, Tanbūr, Tanbura, Tambur, Tambura or Tanboor can refer to various long-necked, string instruments originating in Mesopotamia, Southern or Central Asia.
Tar (تار; tar) is an Iranian.
The theorbo is a plucked string instrument of the lute family, with an extended neck and a second pegbox.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Timothy Allen Burris is an American lutenist.
A tiorbino, a little theorbo (tiorbo in Italian), is a rare stringed instrument, a type of long-necked lute resembling a theorbo but significantly smaller and pitched an octave higher.
The topshur (топшур) is a two-stringed lute played by the Western Mongolian tribes called the Altai Urianghais, the Altais, and the Tuvans.
The torban (торбан, also teorban or Ukrainian theorbo) is a Ukrainian musical instrument that combines the features of the Baroque Lute with those of the psaltery.
is a Japanese lutenist and composer.
A troubadour (trobador, archaically: -->) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350).
Trouvère, sometimes spelled trouveur, is the Northern French (langue d'oïl) form of the langue d'oc (Occitan) word trobador.
A tuning peg is used to hold a string in the pegbox of a stringed instrument.
The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa.
The Tambur (spelled in keeping with TDK conventions) is a fretted string instrument of Turkey and the former lands of the Ottoman Empire.
The veena (வீணை, वीणा, IAST: vīṇā), comprises a family of chordophone instruments of the Indian subcontinent.
The vihuela is a guitar-shaped string instrument from 15th and 16th century Spain, Portugal and Italy, usually with five or six doubled strings.
Vincenzo Capirola (1474 – after 1548) was an Italian composer, lutenist and nobleman of the Renaissance.
The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.
The violin family of musical instruments was developed in Italy in the 16th century.
Vladimir Fyodorovich Vavilov (Влади́мир Фёдорович Вави́лов; 5 May 1925 – 11 March 1973) was a Russian guitarist, lutenist and composer.
Xalam (in Serer, or khalam in Wolof) is a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa.
Xavier Díaz Latorre is a Spanish musician.
is a Japanese lutenist.
The yueqin or yue qin (Chinese: 月琴, p yuèqín), formerly romanized as yüeh-ch‘in and also known as the moon guitar, moon zither, gekkin, laqin, or la-ch‘in, is a traditional Chinese string instrument.
Abu l-Hasan 'Ali Ibn Nafi or Ziryab (789–857; rtl) was a singer, oud player, composer, poet, and teacher who lived and worked in Iraq, Northern Africa, and Andalusia of the medieval Islamic period.