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Index Luton

Luton is a large town in Bedfordshire, England, Luton east of Aylesbury, west of Stevenage, northwest of London, and southeast of Milton Keynes. [1]

414 relations: A6 road (England), Abbot of Bury St Edmunds, AFC Wimbledon, Al Ghurabaa, Al-Muhajiroun, Alec Jeffreys, Ancient woodland, Andy Selway, Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Anglo-Saxons, Animal Chin, Animal Liberation Front, Anjem Choudary, Anritsu, Arndale Centre, Arriva Shires & Essex, Arthur Hailey, Asher Hucklesby, AstraZeneca, Automotive industry, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, Aylesbury, Ball bearing, Bangladeshis, Barnfield College, Barnfield, Luton, BBA Aviation, BBC, BBC Three Counties Radio, Bedford, Bedfordshire, Bedfordshire County Cricket Club, Bedfordshire Police, Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner, Bergisch Gladbach, Berkhamsted, Berlin, Billy Schwer, Biscot, Black British, Borough, Borough status in the United Kingdom, Bourgoin-Jallieu, Bramingham, Brick, Brickworks, Britain First, British African-Caribbean people, British Asian, British Isles, ..., British Summer Time, Buckinghamshire, Building Schools for the Future, Bury Park, Bus rapid transit, Bus station, Butterfield Green, Caddington, Caribbean cuisine, Carnegie library, Carnival, Cavalier, Centrebus, Ceremonial counties of England, Chalk, Challney, Charles Bronson (prisoner), Chiltern Hills, Chinese cuisine, Cholera, Christendom, Christianity, Churches Together in England, Churchill tank, City of London, City status in the United Kingdom, Clive Barker (artist), Clive Bunker, Coat of arms, Colin Salmon, Commercial vehicle, Community radio, Costa Coffee, Council house, Crawley Green, Cretaceous, Cricket, Dallow, Danelaw, Danny Cannon, Danny Dyer, David Arnold, David Renwick, David Stoten, Days Like These, Dean Brill, Demonym, Department for Children, Schools and Families, Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Diana Dors, Districts of England, Domesday Book, Drainage basin, Dunstable, Dunstable Downs, East Midlands Trains, East of England, East of England (European Parliament constituency), EasyJet, Edward Tudor-Pole, EFL Cup, EFL League One, EFL League Two, Election Night Special, Electrolux, Elizabeth II, Elizabeth Price (artist), Emily Atack, England, English Civil War, English country house, English cuisine, English Defence League, Eric Morecambe, Ernst & Young, Eskilstuna, Fair, Falkes de Breauté, Farley Hill, Luton, Frederick Mander, Further education, Gas lighting, Gavin Shuker, Gerald Coles, Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Great Depression, Great Northern Railway (Great Britain), Greenwich Mean Time, Griffin, Gulf Stream, Harpenden, Hat, Hatmaking, Healthcare in Bedfordshire, Heart Dunstable, Heathrow Airport, Hemel Hempstead, Henge, Heptarchy, Heraldry, Hewlett & Blondeau, High Town, Luton, Hilda Hewlett, Hinduism, Historic counties of England, Hitchin, Hockwell Ring, Ian Anderson, Ian Cashmore, Ian Dury, Ice sheet, Icknield, Impellam Group, Inayat Bunglawala, Indian cuisine, Iraq War, Ireland, Irreligion, Islam, Islam4UK, Italian cuisine, Jamie Woolford, Jethro Tull (band), John Badham, John Hagan (sailor), John Hegley, John Menzies, John Napier, John 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Borough Council, Luton Bute Street railway station, Luton Carnival, Luton Castle, Luton Corporation Tramways, Luton Hoo, Luton North (UK Parliament constituency), Luton railway station, Luton Rugby Club, Luton Sixth Form College, Luton South (UK Parliament constituency), Luton to Dunstable Busway, Luton Town F.C., Luton Town Hall, Luton Workhouse, M1 motorway, Malaysian cuisine, Mark Titchner, Marquess of Bute, Marsh Farm, Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy, Matalan, MCCA Knockout Trophy, Member of parliament, Mercenary, Mesolithic, Met Office, Metres above sea level, Mick Abrahams, Middle Ages, Midland Railway, Milton Keynes, Minor Counties Cricket Championship, Minor counties of English and Welsh cricket, Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category), Mo Chaudry, Monarch Airlines, Monty Panesar, Monty Python's Flying Circus, Mossman Collection, Motte-and-bailey castle, Muslim, Muslim Council of Britain, Nadiya Hussain, Natasha Collins, National League (division), National Union of Teachers, Neil Halstead, Neil Jackson, Neolithic, Norman conquest of England, North Rhine-Westphalia, Northwell, Luton, Oceanic climate, Ofcom, Office for National Statistics, One Foot in the Grave, Operation Crevice, Our Lady Help of Christians Church, Luton, Outline of England, Paganism, Pakistanis, Paleolithic, Paul Sinha, Paul Young, Pentecost, Phil Read, Piranha Brothers, Politics in Luton, Postcodes in the United Kingdom, Precipitation, Preschool, Pub, Public housing in the United Kingdom, Putteridge Bury, Radio LaB, Ramadan, Randstad, Regional casino, Regions of England, Richard Wiseman, River Lea, Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, Rodney Bewes, Ronnie Lee, Round Green, Roundhead, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Saint Patrick, Saints, Luton, Sarfraz Manzoor, Södermanland, Scotland, Sean Gallagher (actor), Seat of local government, Seax, Selex ES, Sharia, Sikhism, Simon Fenton, Sister city, SKF, Slough, Slum clearance, Someries Castle, South (Luton ward), South Asia, Southern England, Space: 1999, Spandau, Special education in the United Kingdom, St Albans, St Mary's Church, Luton, St Pancras railway station, Stacey Dooley, Stefan Bailey, Stephen Kelman, Steve Dillon, Stevenage, Stockwood Discovery Centre, Stockwood Park, Stopsley, Strategic bombing, Straw plaiting, Stu Riddle, Stuart Lewis-Evans, Sundon Park, Sweden, Taxicab, Temperate climate, Thai cuisine, Thames Valley, Thameslink and Great Northern, That '70s Show, The Chase (UK game show), The Great British Bake Off (series 6), The Hat Factory, The Mall Luton, The Saved Sect, The Stereo, Thistle, TK Maxx, Tommy Robinson (activist), Tony Bignell, Town centre, Tring, TUI Airways, TUI Group, TUI UK, UK Decay, Union J, Unitary authorities of England, Unitary authority, United Kingdom, United Kingdom census, 2001, United Kingdom census, 2011, United Kingdom general election, 1997, University of Bedfordshire, Vaughan Savidge, Vauxhall, Vauxhall Motors, Victorian architecture, Victorian era, Vikings, Voluntary aided school, War effort, Ward (electoral subdivision), Warden Hill, Luton, Wardown Park, Wardown Park Museum, Watermill, Waulud's Bank, Wembley Stadium, Whipsnade Tree Cathedral, Whipsnade Zoo, Whitbread, White British, White people, Whitsun, Wigmore, Luton, Will Smith (cricketer), William the Conqueror, Woburn Safari Park, Wolfsburg, Woodside Farm and Wildfowl Park, World War I, World War II, Wrest Park, York City F.C., Zena Skinner, 2010 Stockholm bombings, 2017 Westminster attack. 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A6 road (England)

The A6 is one of the main historic north–south roads in England.

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Abbot of Bury St Edmunds

Abbot of Bury St.

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AFC Wimbledon

AFC Wimbledon is a professional football club currently based in Kingston upon Thames, south west London, England, which has played in League One, the third tier of the English football league system, since promotion in 2016.

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Al Ghurabaa

Al Ghurabaa (الغرباء; English: The Strangers) is a Muslim organization which, along with The Saviour Sect, Islam4UK and others, is widely believed to be the reformed Al-Muhajiroun after it disbanded in 2004 by order of Omar Bakri Muhammad.

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Al-Muhajiroun (المهاجرون, The Emigrants) is a banned terrorist Salafi jihadist organisation that is based in the United Kingdom and which has been linked to international terrorism, homophobia, and antisemitism.

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Alec Jeffreys

Sir Alec John Jeffreys, (born 9 January 1950) is a British geneticist, who developed techniques for genetic fingerprinting and DNA profiling which are now used worldwide in forensic science to assist police detective work and to resolve paternity and immigration disputes.

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Ancient woodland

In the United Kingdom, an ancient woodland is a woodland that has existed continuously since 1600 or before in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (or 1750 in Scotland).

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Andy Selway

Andy Selway is an English musician, most well known for his work with KMFDM.

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Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a collection of annals in Old English chronicling the history of the Anglo-Saxons.

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The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th century.

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Animal Chin

Animal Chin was a ska punk group from Minneapolis, Minnesota.

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Animal Liberation Front

The Animal Liberation Front (ALF) is an international, leaderless resistance that engages in direct action in pursuit of animal rights; often called a terrorist organization.

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Anjem Choudary

Anjem Choudary (Urdu:; born 18 January 1967) is a British Islamist social and political activist convicted of inviting support for a proscribed organisation, namely the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, under the Terrorism Act 2000.

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is a Japanese multinational corporation in the telecommunications electronics equipment market.

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Arndale Centre

Arndale Centres were the first "American style" malls to be built in the United Kingdom.

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Arriva Shires & Essex

Arriva Shires & Essex is a bus operator providing services in Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Essex, Hertfordshire and Greater London, with one service extending to Oxfordshire.

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Arthur Hailey

Arthur Hailey (April 5, 1920 – November 24, 2004) was a British-Canadian novelist whose plot-driven storylines were set against the backdrops of various industries.

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Asher Hucklesby

Asher John Hucklesby (1844 – 3 January 1908) was an English businessman who was the five-time mayor of Luton, Bedfordshire between 1892 and 1906.

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AstraZeneca plc is an Anglo–Swedish multinational pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical company.

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Automotive industry

The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers.

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Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (Ôvèrgne-Rôno-Ârpes, Auvèrnhe Ròse Aups, Alvernia-Rodano-Alpi) is a region of France created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014; it resulted from the merger of Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes.

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Aylesbury is the county town of Buckinghamshire, England.

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Ball bearing

A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.

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No description.

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Barnfield College

Barnfield College is the largest further education college in Bedfordshire, England, with two campuses in Luton.

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Barnfield, Luton

Barnfield is a suburb of Luton, England.

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BBA Aviation

BBA Aviation plc is a British multinational aviation services company headquartered in London, United Kingdom.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BBC Three Counties Radio

BBC Three Counties Radio is the BBC Local Radio service for the English counties of Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire (referred to as Beds, Herts and Bucks), broadcasting from studios at Grove Park in Dunstable.

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Bedford is the county town of Bedfordshire, England.

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Bedfordshire (abbreviated Beds.) is a county in the East of England.

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Bedfordshire County Cricket Club

Bedfordshire County Cricket Club is one of twenty minor county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales.

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Bedfordshire Police

Bedfordshire Police, is the territorial police force responsible for policing the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire in England, which includes the unitary authorities of Bedford, Central Bedfordshire and Luton.

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Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner

The Bedfordshire Police and Crime Commissioner is the police and crime commissioner, an elected official tasked with setting out the way crime is tackled by Bedfordshire Police in the English County of Bedfordshire.

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Bergisch Gladbach

Bergisch Gladbach, is a city in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).

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Berkhamsted is a historic market town close to the western boundary of Hertfordshire, England, in the small Bulbourne valley in the Chiltern Hills, northwest of London.

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Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Billy Schwer

William Schwer (born 12 April 1969 in Luton, England), more commonly known as Billy Schwer, is a former professional boxer from Luton in Bedfordshire, England.

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Biscot is an area of Luton close to the town centre.

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Black British

Black British are British citizens of Black origins or heritage, including those of African-Caribbean (sometimes called "Afro-Caribbean") background, and may include people with mixed ancestry.

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A borough is an administrative division in various English-speaking countries.

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Borough status in the United Kingdom

Borough status in the United Kingdom is granted by royal charter to local government districts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.

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Bourgoin-Jallieu is a commune in the Isère department in the province of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in France.

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Bramingham is a suburb of Luton in Bedfordshire.

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A brick is building material used to make walls, pavements and other elements in masonry construction.

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A brickworks, also known as a brick factory, is a factory for the manufacturing of bricks, from clay or shale.

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Britain First

Britain First is a British fascist political organisation formed in 2011 by former members of the British National Party (BNP).

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British African-Caribbean people

British African Caribbean (or Afro-Caribbean) people are residents of the United Kingdom whose ancestors were primarily indigenous to Africa.

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British Asian

British Asians (also referred as South Asians in the United Kingdom, Asian British people or Asian Britons) are persons of South Asian descent who reside in the United Kingdom.

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British Isles

The British Isles are a group of islands off the north-western coast of continental Europe that consist of the islands of Great Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and over six thousand smaller isles.

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British Summer Time

During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (in effect, changing the time zone from UTC+0 to UTC+1), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

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Buckinghamshire, abbreviated Bucks, is a county in South East England which borders Greater London to the south east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, Bedfordshire to the north east and Hertfordshire to the east.

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Building Schools for the Future

Building Schools for the Future (BSF) was the name given to the British government's investment programme in secondary school buildings in England in the 2000s.

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Bury Park

Bury Park is an area of Luton located one mile north west of the town centre on the road to Dunstable.

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Bus rapid transit

Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.

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Bus station

A bus station is a structure where city or intercity buses stop to pick up and drop off passengers.

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Butterfield Green

Butterfield Green is an area on the edge of Luton, England.

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Caddington is a village and civil parish in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England.

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Caribbean cuisine

Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, (Caribbean.). Accessed July 2011.

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Carnegie library

A Carnegie library is a library built with money donated by Scottish businessman and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie.

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Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.

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The term Cavalier was first used by Roundheads as a term of abuse for the wealthier Royalist supporters of King Charles I and his son Charles II of England during the English Civil War, the Interregnum, and the Restoration (1642 – c. 1679).

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Centrebus is a bus company operating services in Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire and Rutland.

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Ceremonial counties of England

The ceremonial counties, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England, are areas of England to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed.

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Chalk is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite.

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Challney is a district in Luton off the main arterial road leading from Luton into Dunstable.

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Charles Bronson (prisoner)

Charles Arthur "Charlie" Salvador (formerly Charles Ali Ahmed; born Michael Gordon Peterson on 6 December 1952), better known as Charles Bronson, is an English criminal who has been referred to in the British press as the self-styled "most violent prisoner in Britain" and "Britain's most notorious prisoner".

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Chiltern Hills

The Chiltern Hills form a chalk escarpment in South East England.

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Chinese cuisine

Chinese cuisine is an important part of Chinese culture, which includes cuisine originating from the diverse regions of China, as well as from Chinese people in other parts of the world.

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Cholera is an infection of the small intestine by some strains of the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.

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Christendom has several meanings.

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ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.

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Churches Together in England

Churches Together in England (CTE) is an ecumenical organisation and the national instrument for the Christian church in England.

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Churchill tank

The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.

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City of London

The City of London is a city and county that contains the historic centre and the primary central business district (CBD) of London.

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City status in the United Kingdom

City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom to a select group of communities:, there are 69 cities in the United Kingdom – 51 in England, six in Wales, seven in Scotland and five in Northern Ireland.

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Clive Barker (artist)

Clive Barker (born 1940) is a British pop artist.

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Clive Bunker

Clive William Bunker (born 30 December 1946) is a British rock drummer.

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Coat of arms

A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.

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Colin Salmon

Colin Salmon (born 6 December 1962) is a British actor best known for playing Charles Robinson in three James Bond films and James "One" Shade in the ''Resident Evil'' film series.

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Commercial vehicle

A commercial vehicle is any type of motor vehicle used for transporting goods or paying passengers.

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Community radio

Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting.

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Costa Coffee

Costa Coffee is a British multinational coffeehouse company headquartered in Dunstable, Bedfordshire, and a wholly owned subsidiary of Whitbread.

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Council house

A council house is a form of public or social housing built by local municipalities in the United Kingdom and Ireland.

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Crawley Green

Crawley Green is an suburb in southern Luton near to London Luton Airport.

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The Cretaceous is a geologic period and system that spans 79 million years from the end of the Jurassic Period million years ago (mya) to the beginning of the Paleogene Period mya.

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Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).

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Dallow is an area of Luton about one mile west of the town centre which has Dallow Road as its main artery.

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The Danelaw (also known as the Danelagh; Dena lagu; Danelagen), as recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, is a historical name given to the part of England in which the laws of the Danes held sway and dominated those of the Anglo-Saxons.

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Danny Cannon

John Danny Cannon (born 1968 in Luton, England) is a British film and television writer, director and executive producer, known for producing television shows such as the Emmy winning CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Gotham, Nikita, Training Day, and Eleventh Hour.

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Danny Dyer

Daniel John Dyer (born 24 July 1977) is an English actor who has worked in television, film and theatre.

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David Arnold

David G. Arnold (born 23 January 1962) is a British film composer best known for scoring five James Bond films, Stargate (1994), Independence Day (1996), Godzilla (1998) and the television series Little Britain and Sherlock.

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David Renwick

David Peter Renwick (born 4 September 1951) is an English television writer, best known for creation of the sitcom One Foot in the Grave and the mystery series Jonathan Creek.

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David Stoten

David Stoten (born in Luton, Bedfordshire) is a short film maker and director and caricaturist on TV's Spitting Image.

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Days Like These

Days Like These is a British TV remake of the popular American sitcom That '70s Show.

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Dean Brill

Dean Michael Brill (born 2 December 1985) is an English professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper and is the goalkeeping coach at club Leyton Orient.

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A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.

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Department for Children, Schools and Families

Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF; stylised as all lowercase) was a department of the UK government, between 2007 and 2010, responsible for issues affecting people in England up to the age of 19, including child protection and education.

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Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II

The Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II was a multinational celebration throughout 2012, that marked the 60th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II on 6 February 1952.

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Diana Dors

Diana Dors (born Diana Mary Fluck; 23 October 1931 – 4 May 1984) was an English film actress and singer.

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Districts of England

The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.

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Domesday Book

Domesday Book (or; Latin: Liber de Wintonia "Book of Winchester") is a manuscript record of the "Great Survey" of much of England and parts of Wales completed in 1086 by order of King William the Conqueror.

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Drainage basin

A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water.

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Dunstable is a market town and civil parish located in Bedfordshire, England.

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Dunstable Downs

Dunstable Downs are part of the Chiltern Hills, in southern Bedfordshire in England.

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East Midlands Trains

East Midlands Trains (EMT) is a British train operating company owned by Stagecoach Group.

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East of England

The East of England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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East of England (European Parliament constituency)

East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament.

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EasyJet Airline Company Limited, styled as easyJet, is a British low-cost carrier airline headquartered at London Luton Airport.

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Edward Tudor-Pole

Edward Felix Tudor-Pole (also known as Edward Tenpole; born 6 December 1955) is an English musician, television presenter and actor.

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The EFL Cup (referred to historically, and colloquially, as simply the League Cup), currently known as the Carabao Cup for sponsorship reasons, is an annual knockout football competition in men's domestic English football.

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EFL League One

The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League One for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier overall in the entire English football league system.

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EFL League Two

The English Football League Two (often referred to as League Two for short or Sky Bet League Two for sponsorship reasons) is the third and lowest division of the English Football League (EFL) and fourth-highest division overall in the English football league system.

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Election Night Special

"Election Night Special" is a Monty Python sketch parodying the coverage of United Kingdom general elections, specifically the 1970 general election, on the BBC by including hectic (and downright silly) actions by the media and a range of ridiculous candidates.

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Electrolux AB (commonly known as Electrolux) is a Swedish multinational home appliance manufacturer, headquartered in Stockholm.

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Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.

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Elizabeth Price (artist)

Elizabeth Price (born 1966) is a British artist who won the Turner Prize in 2012.

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Emily Atack

Emily Jane Atack (born 18 December 1989 in Luton, Bedfordshire) is an English actress, best known for her role as Charlotte Hinchcliffe in the award-winning E4 series The Inbetweeners.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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English Civil War

The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians ("Roundheads") and Royalists ("Cavaliers") over, principally, the manner of England's governance.

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English country house

An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.

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English cuisine

English cuisine encompasses the cooking styles, traditions and recipes associated with England.

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English Defence League

The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right and counter-jihadist street-based social movement and pressure group in the United Kingdom.

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Eric Morecambe

John Eric Bartholomew, (14 May 1926 – 28 May 1984), known by his stage name Eric Morecambe, was an English comedian who together with Ernie Wise formed the award-winning double act Morecambe and Wise.

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Ernst & Young

Ernst & Young (doing business as EY) is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London, England.

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Eskilstuna is a city and the seat of Eskilstuna Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden.

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A fair (archaic: faire or fayre), also known as funfair, is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities.

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Falkes de Breauté

Sir Falkes de Breauté (died 1226) (also spelled Fawkes de Breauté or Fulk de Brent) was an Anglo-Norman soldier who earned high office by loyally serving first King John and later King Henry III in First Barons' War.

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Farley Hill, Luton

Farley Hill is a suburb in south Luton, England.

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Frederick Mander

Sir Frederick Mander FEIS (12 July 1883 – 27 February 1964) was a headmaster and trade unionist and the General Secretary of the National Union of Teachers (NUT) from 1931 to 1947.

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Further education

Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom and Ireland is education in addition to that received at secondary school, that is distinct from the higher education (HE) offered in universities and other academic institutions.

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Gas lighting

Gas lighting is production of artificial light from combustion of a gaseous fuel, such as hydrogen, methane, carbon monoxide, propane, butane, acetylene, ethylene, or natural gas.

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Gavin Shuker

Gavin Shuker (born 10 October 1981) is a British Labour Co-operative politician, who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Luton South since 2010.

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Gerald Coles

Gerald Anthony Coles (1929–2004) was an English painter, printmaker, and stained glass designer.

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Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II

The Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II was the international celebration held in 2002 marking the 50th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth II to the thrones of seven countries, upon the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952, and was intended by the Queen to be both a commemoration of her 50 years as monarch and an opportunity for her to officially and personally thank her people for their loyalty.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Great Northern Railway (Great Britain)

The Great Northern Railway (GNR) was a British railway company established by the Great Northern Railway Act of 1846.

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Greenwich Mean Time

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London.

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The griffin, griffon, or gryphon (Greek: γρύφων, grýphōn, or γρύπων, grýpōn, early form γρύψ, grýps; gryphus) is a legendary creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion; the head and wings of an eagle; and an eagle's talons as its front feet.

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Gulf Stream

The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension the North Atlantic Drift, is a warm and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico and stretches to the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

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Harpenden is a town in the St Albans City district in the county of Hertfordshire, England.

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A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as university graduation, religious reasons, safety, or as a fashion accessory.

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Hatmaking or millinery is the design, manufacture and sale of hats and head-wear.

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Healthcare in Bedfordshire

Healthcare in Bedfordshire is now the responsibility of Bedfordshire and Luton Clinical Commissioning Groups.

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Heart Dunstable

Heart Dunstable (formerly 97.6 Chiltern FM) was an Independent Local Radio station based in Chiltern Road in Dunstable, Bedfordshire.

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Heathrow Airport

Heathrow Airport (also known as London Heathrow) is a major international airport in London, United Kingdom.

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Hemel Hempstead

Hemel Hempstead is a new town in Hertfordshire, England.

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There are three related types of Neolithic earthwork that are all sometimes loosely called henges.

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The Heptarchy is a collective name applied to the seven petty kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England from the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain in 5th century until their unification into the Kingdom of England in the early 10th century.

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Heraldry is a broad term, encompassing the design, display, and study of armorial bearings (known as armory), as well as related disciplines, such as vexillology, together with the study of ceremony, rank, and pedigree.

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Hewlett & Blondeau

Hewlett & Blondeau was a manufacturer of aeroplanes and other equipment based in Leagrave, Luton, England which produced more than 800 aeroplanes and employed up to 700 people.

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High Town, Luton

High Town is a hilly inner-city district of Luton adjacent to Luton railway station.

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Hilda Hewlett

Hilda Beatrice Hewlett (17 February 1864 – 21 August 1943) was an early aviator and aviation entrepreneur.

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Hinduism is an Indian religion and dharma, or a way of life, widely practised in the Indian subcontinent.

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Historic counties of England

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others.

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Hitchin is a market town in the North Hertfordshire District in Hertfordshire, England, with an estimated population of 33,350.

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Hockwell Ring

Hockwell Ring is a suburb of Luton in the north-west of the town.

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Ian Anderson

Ian Scott Anderson (born 10 August 1947) is a British musician, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work as the lead vocalist, flautist and acoustic guitarist of British rock band Jethro Tull.

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Ian Cashmore

Ian Cashmore (born 28 May 1970) is a British television personality and Lincolnshire Scout Media Manager (2009-2012) specializing in paranormal phenomena.

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Ian Dury

Ian Robins Dury (12 May 1942 – 27 March 2000) was an English singer-songwriter and actor who rose to fame during the late 1970s, during the punk and new wave era of rock music.

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Ice sheet

An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than, this is also known as continental glacier.

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Icknield is a parlimentary ward in the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England.

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Impellam Group

Impellam Group plc traded on the AIM ("IPEL") is a provider of Managed Services and Specialist Staffing and is primarily based in the UK and North America, with smaller operations in Asia Pacific, Ireland and mainland Europe.

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Inayat Bunglawala

Inayat Bunglawala was media secretary of the Muslim Council of Britain until 2010.

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Indian cuisine

Indian cuisine consists of a wide variety of regional and traditional cuisines native to the Indian subcontinent.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Irreligion (adjective form: non-religious or irreligious) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Islam4UK was a radical Islamist group that operated in the United Kingdom.

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Italian cuisine

Italian cuisine is food typical from Italy.

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Jamie Woolford

Jamie Woolford (born November 15, 1974 in Luton, England) is an American record producer, engineer, singer-songwriter and touring musician. He is a founding member of rock bands The Stereo, Let Go and Animal Chin. In 2013, he released his first solo record title "A Framed Life In Charming Light" on Get Well Records. Woolford has produced recordings by bands such as Punchline, the A.K.A.s and the Gin Blossoms. Jamie lives in Arizona with his wife Erica.

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Jethro Tull (band)

Jethro Tull are a British rock band formed in Blackpool, Lancashire in 1967.

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John Badham

John MacDonald Badham (born August 25, 1939) is an English-born American director of film and television, best known for the films Saturday Night Fever (1977), Dracula (1979), Blue Thunder (1983), WarGames (1983), Short Circuit (1986), and Stakeout (1987).

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John Hagan (sailor)

John Hagan (born May 20, 1946) was the eighth Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy.

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John Hegley

John Richard Hegley (born 1 October 1953) is an English performance poet, comedian, musician and songwriter.

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John Menzies

John Menzies plc is a Scottish business established in 1833.

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John Napier

John Napier of Merchiston (1550 – 4 April 1617); also signed as Neper, Nepair; nicknamed Marvellous Merchiston) was a Scottish landowner known as a mathematician, physicist, and astronomer. He was the 8th Laird of Merchiston. His Latinized name was Ioannes Neper. John Napier is best known as the discoverer of logarithms. He also invented the so-called "Napier's bones" and made common the use of the decimal point in arithmetic and mathematics. Napier's birthplace, Merchiston Tower in Edinburgh, is now part of the facilities of Edinburgh Napier University. Napier died from the effects of gout at home at Merchiston Castle and his remains were buried in the kirkyard of St Giles. Following the loss of the kirkyard there to build Parliament House, he was memorialised at St Cuthbert's at the west side of Edinburgh.

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John Payne (singer)

John Payne (born 29 September 1958) is a British musician, best known as the lead singer and bassist of Asia from 1992 to 2006, then from June 2007, with Asia Featuring John Payne.

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John, King of England

John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre), was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216.

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Jonathan Barnbrook

Jonathan Barnbrook (born 1966), is a British graphic designer, film maker and typographer.

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Jonathan Edwards (English footballer)

Jonathan Devonte Edwards (born 24 November 1996) is an English professional footballer who last played as a striker for Hull City.

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Jordan Thomas

Jordan Thomas (age 26) is a British karateka.

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Junior Simpson

Junior Simpson is a British stand-up comedian of Jamaican descent.

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Kathryn Holloway (police commissioner)

Kathryn Holloway is an English politician, and former radio and television presenter, who is the current Police and Crime Commissioner for Bedfordshire, representing the Conservative Party.

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Kelvin Hopkins

Kelvin Peter Hopkins (born 22 August 1941) is a British politician.

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Kenilworth Road

Kenilworth Road is a football stadium in Luton, Bedfordshire, England.

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Kenneth Williams

Kenneth Charles Williams (22 February 1926 – 15 April 1988) was an English actor, best known for his comedy roles and in later life as a raconteur and diarist.

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Kerry Dixon

Kerry Michael Dixon (born 24 July 1961, in Luton) is an English retired professional footballer who played as a forward.

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Keshi Anderson

Komi Keshi Anderson (born 6 April 1995) is an English professional footballer who plays for Swindon Town, as a striker.

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Kevin Blackwell

Kevin Patrick Blackwell (born 21 December 1958) is an English former professional football goalkeeper who since retiring as a player has worked as a coach and a manager, and is currently assistant manager at Cardiff City.

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Kevin Foley (footballer)

Kevin Patrick Foley (born 1 November 1984) is a semi-professional footballer who plays as a defender.

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Labour Party (UK)

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom.

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Last glacial period

The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.

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In geography, latitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the north–south position of a point on the Earth's surface.

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Le Havre

Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.

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Leagrave is a former village and now a suburb of Luton in Bedfordshire in the northwest of the town.

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Leagrave railway station

Leagrave railway station is located in Leagrave, a suburb in the north of Luton in Bedfordshire, England.

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Lee Ross (actor)

Lee Ross (born 1971) is an English professional actor, probably best known for his roles as nice guy Kenny Phillips in the classic CITV dramedy Press Gang and more recently as violent Owen Turner in the BBC soap opera EastEnders.

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Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.

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Leighton Buzzard

Leighton Buzzard is a town in Bedfordshire, England near the Chiltern Hills and lying between Luton and Milton Keynes.

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Leighton Buzzard Light Railway

The Leighton Buzzard Light Railway (LBLR) is a light railway in Leighton Buzzard in Bedfordshire, England.

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Leon Barnett

Leon Peter Barnett (born 30 November 1985) is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender for club Northampton Town.

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Let Go (band)

Let Go is a rock band from Tempe, Arizona, formed in late 2004.

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Lewis Baker (footballer)

Lewis Renard Baker (born 25 April 1995) is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Leeds United on loan from Chelsea, and the England Under 21 national team.

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Lewsey is a suburb of Luton, England.

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Liam George

Liam Brendan George (born 2 February 1979 in Luton, England) is a footballer who currently plays for Barton Rovers on a part-time basis, having signed for them in 2010.

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Limbury is a suburb of Luton, and was formerly a village in Bedfordshire before Luton expanded around it. The area is roughly bounded by Bramingham Road to the north, Marsh Road to the south, Bramingham Road to the west, and Catsbrook Road, Runfold Avenue, Grosvenor Road, Bancroft Road and Blundell Road to the east.

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List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 2015

The fifty-sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom was the legislature of the United Kingdom following the 2015 general election of Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons.

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List of Space: 1999 episodes

Space: 1999, a British science-fiction television series, ran for 48 episodes broadcast between 1975-77.

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List of towns in the United Kingdom

In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, a town traditionally was a settlement which had a charter to hold a market or fair and therefore became a "market town".

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List of United Kingdom MPs

Following is a (currently incomplete) list of past Members of Parliament of the United Kingdom in alphabetical order.

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List of urban areas in the United Kingdom

This is a list of the most populous urban areas as at the 2011 census, as defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), although the basis for the sourced list (used for its ready availability of the data) is Citypopulation.de.

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London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

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London and Birmingham Railway

The London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) was an early railway company in the United Kingdom, existing from 1833 to 1846, when it became part of the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR).

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London King's Cross railway station

King's Cross railway station, also known as London King's Cross, is a Central London railway terminus on the northern edge of the city.

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Lower Saxony

Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen, Neddersassen) is a German state (Land) situated in northwestern Germany.

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LU postcode area

The LU postcode area, also known as the Luton postcode area, is a group of seven postcode districts in England, which are subdivisions of three post towns.

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The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.

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Luton Airport

London Luton Airport, previously called Luton International Airport, is an international airport located east of the town centre in the Borough of Luton in Bedfordshire, England, and is north of Central London.

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Luton Airport Parkway railway station

Luton Airport Parkway railway station is on the Midland Main Line in England, serving south Luton and Luton Airport in Bedfordshire.

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Luton and Dunstable University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

Luton and Dunstable University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust runs Luton and Dunstable University Hospital.

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Luton Borough Council

Luton Borough Council is the local authority of Luton in Bedfordshire, England.

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Luton Bute Street railway station

Luton Bute Street railway station was the first to be built in Luton, England.

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Luton Carnival

Luton International Carnival is a large carnival in Luton, Bedfordshire.

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Luton Castle

Luton Castle was a 12th-century castle in the town of Luton, in the county of Bedfordshire, England.

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Luton Corporation Tramways

Luton Corporation Tramways served the town of Luton in Bedfordshire from 21 February 1908 until 16 April 1932.

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Luton Hoo

Luton Hoo is an English country house and estate between the towns of Luton, Bedfordshire and Harpenden, Hertfordshire.

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Luton North (UK Parliament constituency)

Luton North is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Kelvin Hopkins, elected as a member of the Labour Party.

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Luton railway station

Luton railway station is a railway station located in the town centre of Luton, Bedfordshire, England.

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Luton Rugby Club

Luton Rugby Football Club are a Bedfordshire-based English rugby union team who currently play their rugby in London 1 North following their promotion from Midlands 2 East (South) via the play-off and then by a level transfer from Midlands 1 East.

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Luton Sixth Form College

Luton Sixth Form College is a sixth form college situated in Luton, Bedfordshire.

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Luton South (UK Parliament constituency)

Luton South is a constituency in Bedfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Gavin Shuker of the Labour Party and the Co-operative Party.

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Luton to Dunstable Busway

The Luton-Dunstable Busway is a guided busway system in Bedfordshire, England, which connects the towns of Dunstable, Houghton Regis and Luton with Luton Airport.

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Luton Town F.C.

Luton Town Football Club is a professional association football club based at Kenilworth Road, Luton, Bedfordshire since 1905.

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Luton Town Hall

Luton Town Hall is situated at the junction between Manchester Street, Upper George Street and George Street, Luton, England; the current building was completed in 1936 on the site of the older Town Hall which was burnt down 19 July 1919, following the Peace Day Riots.

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Luton Workhouse

Luton Workhouse was a workhouse situated on Dunstable Road in Luton.

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M1 motorway

The M1 is a motorway in England connecting London to Leeds, where it joins the A1(M) near Aberford, to connect to Newcastle.

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Malaysian cuisine

Malaysian cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices found in Malaysia, and reflects the multiethnic makeup of its population.

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Mark Titchner

Mark Titchner (born 1973) is an English artist, and 2006 nominee for the Turner Prize.

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Marquess of Bute

Marquess of the County of Bute, shortened in general usage to Marquess of Bute, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain.

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Marsh Farm

Marsh Farm is a suburb of Luton near to Leagrave and Limbury, mainly of council and social housing.

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Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy

The Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy (MCPON) is a unique non-commissioned rate and position of office of the United States Navy, which has with it the paygrade of E-9.

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Matalan is a British fashion and homeware retailer based in Knowsley, United Kingdom.

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MCCA Knockout Trophy

The Minor Counties Cricket Association Knockout Cup was started in 1983 as a knockout one-day competition for the Minor Counties in English cricket.

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Member of parliament

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.

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A mercenary is an individual who is hired to take part in an armed conflict but is not part of a regular army or other governmental military force.

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In Old World archaeology, Mesolithic (Greek: μέσος, mesos "middle"; λίθος, lithos "stone") is the period between the Upper Paleolithic and the Neolithic.

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Met Office

The Met Office (officially the Meteorological Office) is the United Kingdom's national weather service.

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Metres above sea level

Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.

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Mick Abrahams

Michael Timothy 'Mick' Abrahams (born 7 April 1943) is a guitarist and band leader, best known as being the original guitarist for Jethro Tull.

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Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.

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Midland Railway

The Midland Railway (MR) was a railway company in the United Kingdom from 1844 to 1922, when it became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway.

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Milton Keynes

Milton Keynes, locally abbreviated to MK, is a large townAlthough Milton Keynes was specified to be a city in scale and the term "city" is used locally (inter alia to avoid confusion with its constituent towns), formally this title cannot be used.

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Minor Counties Cricket Championship

The Minor Counties Cricket Championship is a season-long competition in England that is contested by those county cricket clubs that do not have first-class status.

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Minor counties of English and Welsh cricket

The Minor Counties are the cricketing counties of England and Wales that are not afforded first-class status.

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Mixed (United Kingdom ethnicity category)

Mixed is an ethnicity category that has been used by the United Kingdom's Office for National Statistics since the 1991 Census.

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Mo Chaudry

Mohammed Ishaq "Mo" Chaudry (born 21 September 1960) is a British/Asian entrepreneur, property investor, leisure investor, financial advisor, fitness enthusiast, motivational speaker and sports manager.

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Monarch Airlines

Monarch Airlines, also known simply as Monarch, was a British charter and scheduled airline which later, in 2004, became a low-cost airline The airline's headquarters were at Luton; in addition, it had other bases at Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, Gatwick and Manchester.

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Monty Panesar

Mudhsuden Singh Panesar (born 25 April 1982), known as Monty Panesar, is an English international cricketer who is currently unattached to any County.

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Monty Python's Flying Circus

Monty Python’s Flying Circus (known during the final series as just Monty Python) is a British sketch comedy series created by the comedy group Monty Python and broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974.

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Mossman Collection

The Mossman Carriage Collection is a museum housing a collection of horse-drawn vehicles in Stockwood Park, Luton, Bedfordshire.

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Motte-and-bailey castle

A motte-and-bailey castle is a fortification with a wooden or stone keep situated on a raised earthwork called a motte, accompanied by an enclosed courtyard, or bailey, surrounded by a protective ditch and palisade.

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A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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Muslim Council of Britain

The Muslim Council of Britain (MCB), established in 1997, is an umbrella body for 500 mosques, schools and associations in Britain.

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Nadiya Hussain

Nadiya Jamir Hussain (née Begum; born 25 December 1984) is a British TV Chef, author and television presenter.

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Natasha Collins

Natasha Louise Collins (7 July 1976 – 3 January 2008) was an English actress and model.

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National League (division)

The National League, currently named the Vanarama National League for sponsorship reasons, is the top division of the National League in English football.

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National Union of Teachers

The National Union of Teachers (NUT) was a trade union for school teachers in England, Wales, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.

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Neil Halstead

Neil Halstead (born 7 October 1970) is an English musician who sings and plays guitar in shoegazing band Slowdive.

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Neil Jackson

Neil Jackson (born 5 March 1976) is an English actor and writer who has appeared in several television series and films, but is probably best known for his role as Marcus on Blade: The Series and Sasha on Make It or Break It.

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The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.

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Norman conquest of England

The Norman conquest of England (in Britain, often called the Norman Conquest or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, Flemish and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled William the Conqueror.

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North Rhine-Westphalia

North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen,, commonly shortened to NRW) is the most populous state of Germany, with a population of approximately 18 million, and the fourth largest by area.

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Northwell, Luton

For more information on this article, follow the link to Marsh Farm Northwell is a parliamentary ward in the north of Luton, England.

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Oceanic climate

An oceanic or highland climate, also known as a marine or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features cool summers (relative to their latitude) and cool winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates.

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The Office of Communications (Y Swyddfa Gyfathrebiadau), commonly known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom.

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Office for National Statistics

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to the UK Parliament.

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One Foot in the Grave

One Foot in the Grave is a British dark comedy sitcom written by David Renwick.

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Operation Crevice

Operation Crevice was a raid launched by Metropolitan and local police in England on the morning of 30 March 2004.

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Our Lady Help of Christians Church, Luton

Our Lady Help of Christians Church is a Roman Catholic Parish church in Luton, Bedfordshire.

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Outline of England

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to England: England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Paganism is a term first used in the fourth century by early Christians for populations of the Roman Empire who practiced polytheism, either because they were increasingly rural and provincial relative to the Christian population or because they were not milites Christi (soldiers of Christ).

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No description.

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The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.

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Paul Sinha

Supriya Kumar "Paul" Sinha (born 28 May 1970) is a British Asian comedian, broadcaster, quiz player, and doctor of Bengali descent.

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Paul Young

Paul Antony Young (born 17 January 1956) is an English singer, songwriter and musician.

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The Christian feast day of Pentecost is seven weeks after Easter Sunday: that is to say, the fiftieth day after Easter inclusive of Easter Sunday.

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Phil Read

Phillip William Read M.B.E. (born 1 January 1939) is an English former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer.

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Piranha Brothers

"Piranha Brothers" is a Monty Python sketch that was first seen in the first episode (titled "Face the Press") of the second series of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

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Politics in Luton

Luton, England, is a unitary authority, and remains part of the ceremonial county of Bedfordshire.

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Postcodes in the United Kingdom

Postal codes used in the United Kingdom are known as postcodes (originally postal codes).

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In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.

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A preschool, also known as nursery school, pre-primary school, playschool or kindergarten, is an educational establishment or learning space offering early childhood education to children before they begin compulsory education at primary school.

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A pub, or public house, is an establishment licensed to sell alcoholic drinks, which traditionally include beer (such as ale) and cider.

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Public housing in the United Kingdom

Public housing in the United Kingdom provided the majority of rented accommodation in the country until 2011.

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Putteridge Bury

Putteridge Bury is a country house on the edge of the built-up area of Luton, Bedfordshire, England but located just over the county boundary in the parish of Offley in Hertfordshire.

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Radio LaB

Radio LaB, formerly Luton FM is a student radio station, managed, produced and presented by students at the Luton town centre campus of the University of Bedfordshire in Luton, Bedfordshire (formerly known as the University of Luton).

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Ramadan (رمضان,;In Arabic phonology, it can be, depending on the region. also known as Ramazan, romanized as Ramzan, Ramadhan, or Ramathan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief.

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The Randstad is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas.

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Regional casino

In the United Kingdom, a regional casino (super casino or mega casino) was the largest category of casino permitted under law – equivalent in size to the larger casinos in Las Vegas.

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Regions of England

The regions of England, formerly known as the government office regions, are the highest tier of sub-national division in England.

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Richard Wiseman

Richard J. Wiseman (born 1966) is a Professor of the Public Understanding of Psychology at the University of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom.

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River Lea

The River Lea in England originates in Leagrave, Luton in the Chiltern Hills and flows generally southeast, east, and then south through east London where it meets the River Thames, the last looping section being known as Bow Creek.

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Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester

Robert FitzRoy, 1st Earl of Gloucester (before 1100 – 31 October 1147David Crouch, ‘Robert, first earl of Gloucester (b. before 1100, d. 1147)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2006) (alias Robert Rufus, Robert de Caen, Robert Consul) was an illegitimate son of King Henry I of England.

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Rodney Bewes

Rodney Bewes (27 November 1937 – 21 November 2017) was an English television actor and writer best known for playing Bob Ferris in the BBC television sitcom The Likely Lads (1964–66) and its colour sequel Whatever Happened to the Likely Lads? (1973–74).

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Ronnie Lee

Ronnie Lee (born 1951) is a British animal rights activist.

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Round Green

Round Green is a suburb in the north-east of Luton.

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Roundheads were supporters of the Parliament of England during the English Civil War.

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Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (Dutch: Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut or KNMI) is the Dutch national weather forecasting service, which has its headquarters in De Bilt, in the province of Utrecht, Netherlands.

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Saint Patrick

Saint Patrick (Patricius; Pádraig; Padrig) was a fifth-century Romano-British Christian missionary and bishop in Ireland.

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Saints, Luton

The Saints area of Luton, in England, is a suburb situated off the New Bedford Road about two miles north of the town centre.

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Sarfraz Manzoor

Sarfraz Manzoor (سرفراز منظور; born 9 June 1971) is a British journalist, documentary maker, and broadcaster.

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Södermanland, sometimes referred to under its Latin form Sudermannia or Sudermania, is a historical province or landskap on the south eastern coast of Sweden.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Sean Gallagher (actor)

Sean Campbell Gallagher (born 2 September 1965) is a British actor, trained at the Poor School in London.

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Seat of local government

In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.

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Seax (also sax, sæx, sex; invariant in plural, latinized sachsum) is an Old English word for "knife".

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Selex ES

Selex ES was a subsidiary of Finmeccanica S.p.A. (today Leonardo), active in the electronics and information technology business, based in Italy and the UK, and formed in January 2013, following Finmeccanica's decision to combine its existing SELEX Galileo, SELEX Elsag and SELEX Sistemi Integrati businesses.

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Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is the religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.

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Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.

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Simon Fenton

Simon Fenton (born 10 June 1976) is an English actor who has appeared in several different television roles.

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Sister city

Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.

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AB SKF (Swedish: Swedish ball bearing factory AB), later AB SKF, is a leading bearing and seal manufacturing company founded in Gothenburg, Sweden, in 1907.

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Slough is a large town in Berkshire, England, on the western fringes of the Greater London Urban Area, west of central London, north of Windsor, east of Maidenhead, south-east of High Wycombe and north-east of the county town of Reading.

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Slum clearance

Slum clearance, slum eviction or slum removal is an urban renewal strategy used to transform low income settlements with poor reputation into another type of development or housing.

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Someries Castle

Someries Castle (sometimes spelt Summeries castle) is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, in the Parish of Hyde, near the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England.

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South (Luton ward)

South is the name for a ward in the southern part of Luton, England.

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South Asia

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.

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Southern England

Southern England, or the South of England, also known as the South, refers roughly to the southern counties of England.

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Space: 1999

Space: 1999 is a British-Italian science-fiction television programme that ran for two seasons and originally aired from 1975 to 1977.

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Spandau is the westernmost of the twelve boroughs (Bezirke) of Berlin, situated at the confluence of the Havel and Spree rivers and extending along the western bank of Havel.

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Special education in the United Kingdom

In Commonwealth countries, Special Educational Needs (SEN or SEND) is school education focusing on students primarily with learning difficulties or disability.

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St Albans

St Albans is a city in Hertfordshire, England, and the major urban area in the City and District of St Albans.

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St Mary's Church, Luton

St Mary's, Luton, is an Anglican Church in the centre of the town of Luton, England.

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St Pancras railway station

St Pancras railway station, also known as London St Pancras and officially since 2007 as St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus located on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden.

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Stacey Dooley

Stacey Jaclyn Dooley (born 9 March 1987) is an English television presenter and journalist.

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Stefan Bailey

Stefan Kyon Lloyd Bailey (born 10 October 1987, in Brent, London) is an English semi-professional footballer who plays for Arlesey Town.

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Stephen Kelman

Stephen Kelman is an English novelist who grew up on the Marsh Farm council estate in Luton.

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Steve Dillon

Steve Dillon (22 March 1962 – 22 October 2016) was a British comic book artist, from Luton, Bedfordshire, best known for his work with writer Garth Ennis on Hellblazer, Preacher and The Punisher.

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Stevenage is a town and borough in Hertfordshire, England.

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Stockwood Discovery Centre

Stockwood Discovery Centre, formerly known as Stockwood Craft Museum, is one of two free admission museums situated in Luton (the other is Wardown Park Museum).

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Stockwood Park

Stockwood Park is a large urban park in Luton, Bedfordshire, in the Farley Hill estate.

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Stopsley is a suburb in the north-east of Luton, Bedfordshire, England.

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Strategic bombing

Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.

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Straw plaiting

Straw plaiting is a method of manufacturing textiles by braiding straw and the industry that surrounds the craft of producing these straw manufactures.

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Stu Riddle

Stu Riddle (born 23 May 1976 in Luton, England) is a former New Zealand football (soccer) player.

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Stuart Lewis-Evans

Stuart Nigel Lewis-Evans (20 April 1930 – 25 October 1958) was a British racing driver from England.

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Sundon Park

Sundon Park is a suburb of north Luton in Bedfordshire.

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Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Thai cuisine

Thai cuisine (อาหารไทย) is the national cuisine of Thailand.

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Thames Valley

The Thames Valley is an informally-defined sub-region of South East England, centred on the River Thames west of London, with Oxford as a major centre.

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Thameslink and Great Northern

Thameslink and Great Northern are the brand names used by the Govia Thameslink Railway train operating company on the Thameslink and Great Northern routes of the Thameslink, Southern and Great Northern franchise, previously operated by First Capital Connect.

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That '70s Show

That '70s Show is an American television period sitcom that originally aired on Fox from August 23, 1998 to May 18, 2006.

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The Chase (UK game show)

The Chase is a British television quiz show broadcast on ITV and hosted by Bradley Walsh.

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The Great British Bake Off (series 6)

The sixth series of The Great British Bake Off first aired on 5 August 2015, with twelve contestants competing to be crowned the series 6 winner.

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The Hat Factory

The Hat Factory is an arts facility in the centre of Luton, England that seeks to develop the arts in the town and surrounding region.

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The Mall Luton

The Mall Luton is a large shopping centre in the centre of Luton, United Kingdom.

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The Saved Sect

The Saved Sect (الفرقة الناجية, al-Firqat un-Naajiyah), formerly and more generally known as The Saviour Sect, is a Muslim Islamist organization that operated in the United Kingdom from its formation in November 2005 until the British government proscribed it on 17 July 2006.

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The Stereo

The Stereo was a pop-rock and roll band started in early 1999 by former ska-punk band frontmen Jamie Woolford (of Animal Chin) and Rory Phillips (of The Impossibles).

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Thistle is the common name of a group of flowering plants characterised by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins, mostly in the family Asteraceae.

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TK Maxx

TK Maxx, often stylised as "T·k·maxx", is a subsidiary of the American apparel and home goods company TJX Companies based in Framingham, Massachusetts.

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Tommy Robinson (activist)

Stephen Christopher Yaxley-Lennon (born 27 November 1982), known by the pseudonym Tommy Robinson, and previously as Andrew McMaster and Paul Harris, is an English far-right activist who co-founded and served as spokesman and leader of the English Defence League (EDL), from which he resigned in 2013.

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Tony Bignell

Tony Bignell (born 16 November 1989 in Luton, Bedfordshire) is an English actor and singer, best known for playing Matt in BBC Three sitcom Coming of Age.

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Town centre

A town centre is the commercial or geographical centre or core area of a town.

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Tring is a small market town and civil parish in the Borough of Dacorum, Hertfordshire, England.

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TUI Airways

TUI Airways, formerly Thomson Airways and often referred to as TUI UK, is the world's largest charter airline, offering scheduled and charter flights from the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland to destinations in Europe, Africa, Asia and North America.

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TUI Group

TUI Group (TUI (Touristik Union International) Aktiengesellschaft) is an Anglo-German travel and tourism company headquartered in Hannover, Germany.

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TUI UK (formerly Thomson Holidays) is a UK-based travel operator and subsidiary of TUI Group.

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UK Decay

UK Decay are an English post-punk band, based in Luton.

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Union J

Union J (originally Triple J) are an English boy band consisting of members Josh Cuthbert, JJ Hamblett, Jaymi Hensley, and previously, George Shelley and Casey Johnson, until their departures in 2016 and 2017 respectively.

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Unitary authorities of England

Unitary authorities of England are local authorities that are responsible for the provision of all local government services within a district.

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Unitary authority

A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area or performs additional functions which elsewhere in the relevant country are usually performed by national government or a higher level of sub-national government.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United Kingdom census, 2001

A nationwide census, known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday, 29 April 2001.

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United Kingdom census, 2011

A census of the population of the United Kingdom is taken every ten years.

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United Kingdom general election, 1997

The 1997 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 1 May 1997, five years after the previous election on 9 April 1992, to elect 659 members to the British House of Commons.

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University of Bedfordshire

The University of Bedfordshire is a public university situated in Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, England.

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Vaughan Savidge

Vaughan Edward Savidge (born 6 June 1956) is a British freelance newsreader for BBC Radio 3, continuity announcer for BBC Radio 4, and formerly a newsreader the World Service.

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Vauxhall is a mixed commercial and residential district of southwest London in the London Borough of Lambeth.

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Vauxhall Motors

Vauxhall Motors LimitedCompany No.

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Victorian architecture

Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Vikings (Old English: wicing—"pirate", Danish and vikinger; Swedish and vikingar; víkingar, from Old Norse) were Norse seafarers, mainly speaking the Old Norse language, who raided and traded from their Northern European homelands across wide areas of northern, central, eastern and western Europe, during the late 8th to late 11th centuries.

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Voluntary aided school

A voluntary aided school (VA school) is a state-funded school in England and Wales in which a foundation or trust (usually a religious organisation), contributes to building costs and has a substantial influence in the running of the school.

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War effort

In politics and military planning, a war effort refers to a coordinated mobilization of society's resources—both industrial and human—towards the support of a military force.

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Ward (electoral subdivision)

A ward is a local authority area, typically used for electoral purposes.

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Warden Hill, Luton

Warden Hill is a suburb of Luton in Bedfordshire, England.

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Wardown Park

Wardown Park is situated on the River Lea in Luton.

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Wardown Park Museum

Wardown Park Museum, formerly the Luton Museum & Art Gallery in Luton, is housed in a large Victorian mansion in Wardown Park on the outskirts of the town centre.

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A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower.

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Waulud's Bank

Waulud's Bank is a possible Neolithic henge in Leagrave, Luton dating from 3,000BC.

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Wembley Stadium

Wembley Stadium is a football stadium in Wembley, London, England, which opened in 2007, on the site of the original Wembley Stadium, which was demolished from 2002–2003.

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Whipsnade Tree Cathedral

Whipsnade Tree Cathedral is a garden in the village of Whipsnade in Bedfordshire, England.

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Whipsnade Zoo

ZSL Whipsnade Zoo, formerly known as Whipsnade Wild Animal Park, is a zoo and safari park located at Whipsnade, near Dunstable in Bedfordshire, England.

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Whitbread PLC is a British multinational hotel, coffee shop and restaurant company headquartered in Houghton Regis, Bedfordshire, United Kingdom.

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White British

White British is an ethnicity classification used in the 2011 United Kingdom Census.

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White people

White people is a racial classification specifier, used mostly for people of European descent; depending on context, nationality, and point of view, the term has at times been expanded to encompass certain persons of North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian descent, persons who are often considered non-white in other contexts.

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Whitsun (also Whitsunday or Whit Sunday) is the name used especially in Britain and Ireland, and throughout the world among Anglicans and Methodists, for the Christian festival of Pentecost, the seventh Sunday after Easter, which commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Christ's disciples (Acts 2).

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Wigmore, Luton

For other locations called Wigmore see Wigmore. Wigmore is a suburb in east Luton, Bedfordshire.

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Will Smith (cricketer)

William Rew Smith (born 28 September 1982 in Luton) is an English first-class cricketer.

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William the Conqueror

William I (c. 1028Bates William the Conqueror p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

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Woburn Safari Park

Woburn Safari Park is a safari park located in Woburn, Bedfordshire, England.

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Wolfsburg is the fifth largest city in the German state of Lower Saxony.

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Woodside Farm and Wildfowl Park

Woodside Farm and Wildfowl Park is a rare breeds farm and wildfowl park at Slip End near Luton in Central Bedfordshire.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Wrest Park

Wrest Park is a country estate located in Silsoe, Bedfordshire, England.

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York City F.C.

York City Football Club is a professional association football club based in the city of York, North Yorkshire, England.

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Zena Skinner

Zena Skinner (27 February 1927 – 6 March 2018) was a British chef, writer, and cookery expert on television and radio.

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2010 Stockholm bombings

On 11 December 2010, two bombs exploded in central Stockholm, killing the bomber.

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2017 Westminster attack

On 22 March 2017, a terrorist attack took place outside the Palace of Westminster in London, seat of the British Parliament.

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Redirects here:

Borough of Luton, Capability Green, County Borough of Luton, County of Luton, Culture in Luton, Geography of Luton, L-Town, Luton, Bedfordshire, Luton, England, Luton, UK, Luton, United Kingdom, Lutonian, The weather in Luton, Translink (London).


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luton

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