94 relations: Accident, American Society of Lymphology, Anastomosis, Axillary lymph nodes, Bandage, Bioelectrical impedance analysis, Birth defect, Blood, Breast cancer, Cancer, Cannula, Cellulitis, Chronic venous insufficiency, Compression stockings, CT scan, Cyst, Deep vein thrombosis, DIEP flap, Dominance (genetics), Edema, Emberger syndrome, Embryogenesis, Emil Vodder, Epithelium, Erysipelas, Extracellular fluid, Fibrosis, Filariasis, Fistula, FLT4, Fluid, Fluoroscopy, Food and Drug Administration, GATA2, GATA2 deficiency, Gene, General surgery, Haploinsufficiency, Heart failure, Hemangioendothelioma, Hydrocele, Hyperkeratosis, Hyperplasia, Hypoalbuminemia, Immune system, Indocyanine green, Infection, Intermittent pneumatic compression, Keratin, Keratosis, ..., Kidney disease, Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome, Lipedema, Liposuction, Low-level laser therapy, Lumen (anatomy), Lymph, Lymphadenectomy, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphangiogenesis, Lymphangiosarcoma, Lymphangitis, Lymphatic filariasis, Lymphatic system, Lymphedema–distichiasis syndrome, Lymphogram, Lymphotherapy, Macrophage, Magnetic resonance imaging, Malleolus, Manual lymphatic drainage, Milroy's disease, National Cancer Institute, Nuchal scan, Occupational therapist, Papillomatosis, Physical therapy, Protein, Pulmonary hypertension, Radiation therapy, Sensorineural hearing loss, Sentinel lymph node, Sinusitis, Stem cell, Stewart–Treves syndrome, Surgery, Sympathetic nervous system, Tamoxifen, Transcription factor, Turner syndrome, Ulcer (dermatology), Waldemar Olszewski, World Health Organization, Yellow nail syndrome. Expand index (44 more) » « Shrink index
An accident, also known as an unintentional injury, is an undesirable, incidental, and unplanned event that could have been prevented had circumstances leading up to the accident been recognized, and acted upon, prior to its occurrence.
The American Society of Lymphology (ASL) is a non-profit organization based in Kansas City, Missouri which provides current information and resources for professionals and patients interested in the healthy function and disorders of the lymphatic system, such as immune response, allergies, infectious disease and circulatory disorders lymphedema, relation to other systems of the body (integument, cardiac, venous, etc.), anatomical structures and functions, cancers, and integrative therapies.
An anastomosis (plural anastomoses) is a connection or opening between two things (especially cavities or passages) that are normally diverging or branching, such as between blood vessels, leaf veins, or streams.
The axillary lymph nodes or armpit lymph nodes (20 to 49 in number) drain lymph vessels from the lateral quadrants of the breast, the superficial lymph vessels from thin walls of the chest and the abdomen above the level of the navel, and the vessels from the upper limb.
A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the body.
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a commonly used method for estimating body composition, and in particular body fat.
A birth defect, also known as a congenital disorder, is a condition present at birth regardless of its cause.
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.
Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
A cannula (from Latin "little reed"; plural cannulae or cannulas) is a tube that can be inserted into the body, often for the delivery or removal of fluid or for the gathering of data.
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection involving the inner layers of the skin.
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a medical condition in which blood pools in the veins, straining the walls of the vein.
Compression stockings are a specialized hosiery designed to help prevent the occurrence of, and guard against further progression of, venous disorders such as edema, phlebitis and thrombosis.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
A cyst is a closed sac, having a distinct membrane and division compared with the nearby tissue.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT), is the formation of a blood clot in a deep vein, most commonly the legs.
A DIEP flap is a type of breast reconstruction in which blood vessels called deep inferior epigastric perforators (DIEP), as well as the skin and fat connected to them, are removed from the lower abdomen and transferred to the chest to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy without the sacrifice of any of the abdominal muscles.
Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.
Edema, also spelled oedema or œdema, is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitium, located beneath the skin and in the cavities of the body, which can cause severe pain.
The Emberger syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant, genetic disorder caused by familial or sporadic inactivating mutations in one of the two parental GATA2 genes.
Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo forms and develops.
Epithelium is one of the four basic types of animal tissue, along with connective tissue, muscle tissue and nervous tissue.
Erysipelas is an acute infection typically with a skin rash, usually on any of the legs and toes, face, arms, and fingers.
Extracellular fluid (ECF) denotes all body fluid outside the cells.
Fibrosis is the formation of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ or tissue in a reparative or reactive process.
Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type.
A fistula is an abnormal connection between two hollow spaces (technically, two epithelialized surfaces), such as blood vessels, intestines, or other hollow organs.
Fms-related tyrosine kinase 4, also known as FLT4, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the FLT4 gene.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique that uses X-rays to obtain real-time moving images of the interior of an object.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
GATA2 or GATA-binding factor 2 is a transcription factor, i.e. a nuclear protein which regulates the expression of genes.
GATA2 deficiency (also termed GATA2 haploinsufficiency or GATA2 deficiency syndrome) is a recently defined grouping of several disorders caused by common defect, viz., familial or sporadic inactivating mutations in one of the two parental GATA2 genes.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local referral patterns).
Haploinsufficiency is a mechanism of action to explain a phenotype when a diploid organism has lost one copy of a gene and is left with a single functional copy of that gene.
Heart failure (HF), often referred to as congestive heart failure (CHF), is when the heart is unable to pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the body's needs.
Hemangioendotheliomas are a family of vascular neoplasms of intermediate malignancy.
A hydrocele is an accumulation of serous fluid in a body cavity.
Hyperkeratosis is thickening of the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis), often associated with the presence of an abnormal quantity of keratin,Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelso; Abbas, Abul (2004) Robbins & Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Saunders.
Hyperplasia (from ancient Greek ὑπέρ huper, "over" + πλάσις plasis, "formation"), or hypergenesis, is an increase in the amount of organic tissue that results from cell proliferation.
Hypoalbuminemia (or hypoalbuminaemia) is a medical sign in which the level of albumin in the blood is abnormally low.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Indocyanine green (ICG) is a cyanine dye used in medical diagnostics.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Intermittent pneumatic compression is a therapeutic technique used in medical devices that include an air pump and inflatable auxiliary sleeves, gloves or boots in a system designed to improve venous circulation in the limbs of patients who suffer edema or the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE).
Keratin is one of a family of fibrous structural proteins.
Keratosis (from kerat- + -osis) is a growth of keratin on the skin or on mucous membranes stemming from keratinocytes, the prominent cell type in the epidermis.
Kidney disease, or renal disease, also known as nephropathy, is damage to or disease of a kidney.
Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome (KTS or KT), formerly Klippel–Trénaunay–Weber syndrome and sometimes angioosteohypertrophy syndrome and hemangiectatic hypertrophy, is a rare congenital medical condition in which blood vessels and/or lymph vessels fail to form properly.
Lipedema is a disorder where there is enlargement of both legs due to deposits of fat under the skin.
Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape.
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of alternative medicine that applies low-level (low-power) lasers or light-emitting diodes (LEDs) to the surface of or in orifices of the body.
In biology, a lumen (plural lumina) is the inside space of a tubular structure, such as an artery or intestine.
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.
Lymphadenectomy or lymph node dissection is the surgical removal of one or more groups of lymph nodes.
Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.
Lymphangiogenesis is the formation of lymphatic vessels from pre-existing lymphatic vessels in a method believed to be similar to angiogenesis (blood vessel development).
Lymphangiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor which occurs in long-standing cases of primary or secondary lymphedema.
Lymphangitis is an inflammation or an infection of the lymphatic channels that occurs as a result of infection at a site distal to the channel.
Lymphatic filariasis, also known as elephantiasis, is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms.
The lymphatic system is part of the vascular system and an important part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart.
Lymphedema–distichiasis syndrome is a medical condition associated with the FOXC2 gene.
Lymphography is a medical imaging technique in which a radiocontrast agent is injected, and then an X-ray picture is taken to visualize structures of the lymphatic system, including lymph nodes, lymph ducts, lymphatic tissues, lymph capillaries and lymph vessels.
Lymphotherapy (lymphatic physiotherapy) is a method by which pressure applied on specific lymph nodes alters lymphatic response.
Macrophages (big eaters, from Greek μακρός (makrós).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
A malleolus is the bony prominence on each side of the human ankle.
Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) is a type of massage based on preliminary evidence which is hypothesized to encourage the natural drainage of the lymph, which carries waste products away from the tissues back toward the heart.
Milroy's disease (MD) is a familial disease characterized by lymphedema, commonly in the legs, caused by congenital abnormalities in the lymphatic system.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
A nuchal scan or nuchal translucency (NT) scan/procedure is a sonographic prenatal screening scan (ultrasound) to detect cardiovascular abnormalities in a fetus, though altered extracellular matrix composition and limited lymphatic drainage can also be detected.
An occupational therapist works with a client to help them achieve a fulfilled and satisfied state in life through the use of "purposeful activity or interventions designed to achieve occupational outcomes which promote health, prevent injury or disability to develop, improve, sustain or restore the highest possible level of independence." A practical definition for OT can also be illustrated with the use of models such as the Occupational Performance Model (Australia), known as the OPM(A).
Papillomatosis of skin is skin surface elevation caused by hyperplasia and enlargement of contiguous dermal papillae.
Physical therapy (PT), also known as physiotherapy, is one of the allied health professions that, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or kinesiology), manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a type of hearing loss, or deafness, in which the root cause lies in the inner ear or sensory organ (cochlea and associated structures) or the vestibulocochlear nerve (cranial nerve VIII).
The sentinel lymph node is the hypothetical first lymph node or group of nodes draining a cancer.
Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection or rhinosinusitis, is inflammation of the sinuses resulting in symptoms.
Stem cells are biological cells that can differentiate into other types of cells and can divide to produce more of the same type of stem cells.
Stewart–Treves syndrome, also known as cutaneous angiosarcoma, refers to a lymphangiosarcoma, a rare complication that forms as a result of chronic, long-standing lymphedema.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is one of the two main divisions of the autonomic nervous system, the other being the parasympathetic nervous system.
Tamoxifen (TMX), sold under the brand name Nolvadex among others, is a medication that is used to prevent breast cancer in women and treat breast cancer in women and men.
In molecular biology, a transcription factor (TF) (or sequence-specific DNA-binding factor) is a protein that controls the rate of transcription of genetic information from DNA to messenger RNA, by binding to a specific DNA sequence.
Turner syndrome (TS), also known as 45,X or 45,X0, is a condition in which a female is partly or completely missing an X chromosome.
An ulcer is a sore on the skin or a mucous membrane, accompanied by the disintegration of tissue.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
Yellow nail syndrome, also known as "primary lymphedema associated with yellow nails and pleural effusion", is a very rare medical syndrome that includes pleural effusions, lymphedema (due to under development of the lymphatic vessels) and yellow dystrophic nails.
Chronic lymphedema, Complete decongestive therapy, Congenital lymphedema, Hereditary lymphoedema, Lympedema, Lymphadema, Lymphatic drainage massage, Lymphatic edema, Lymphodema, Lymphodoema, Lymphoedema, Lymphostasis, Lympodoema, Post-mastectomy lymphedema, Postmastectomy lymphedema, Secondary lymphoedema, Trophedema.