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Index Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). [1]

164 relations: ABVD, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Adolescence, Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, Aggressive NK-cell leukemia, ALK+ large B-cell lymphoma, American Society of Clinical Oncology, Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, Ann Arbor staging, Anorexia (symptom), Antibody, Apoptosis, Autoimmune disease, B cell, B symptoms, B-cell lymphoma, B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, Basic research, Bcl-2, BEACOPP, Blastic NK cell lymphoma, Blood, Bone marrow examination, Burkitt's lymphoma, Cancer, Cancer staging, CD15, CD2, CD3 (immunology), CD30, CD4, CD5 (protein), CD7, Central nervous system, Centroblasts, Centrocyte, Cervical lymph nodes, Chemotherapy, Choosing Wisely, CHOP, Chromosomal translocation, Chronic lymphocytic leukemia, Clinical trial, Cluster of differentiation, Corticosteroid, CT scan, Cure, Cyclin D1, Cytogenetics, ..., Developed country, Developing country, Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Effacement (histology), Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma, Epstein–Barr virus, Epstein–Barr virus-positive DLBCL of the elderly, Erythema, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Fatigue, Fever, Fever of unknown origin, Five-year survival rate, Flow cytometry, Fluorescence in situ hybridization, Follicular lymphoma, Gastrointestinal tract, Grading (tumors), Hairy cell leukemia, Heavy chain disease, Hematology, Hematopathology, Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma, Histopathology, HIV, HIV/AIDS, Hodgkin's lymphoma, Homing (hematopoietic), Human T-lymphotropic virus, Immunophenotyping, Immunosuppressive drug, International Classification of Diseases for Oncology, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma, Itch, Large B-cell lymphoma arising in HHV8-associated multicentric Castleman's disease, Large granular lymphocytic leukemia, Leukemia, Lymph, Lymph node, Lymph node biopsy, Lymphadenopathy, Lymphatic system, Lymphoblast, Lymphocyte, Lymphoid leukemia, Lymphomatoid granulomatosis, Lymphomatoid papulosis, Lymphoproliferative disorders, Malignancy, MALT lymphoma, Mantle cell lymphoma, Mediastinal tumor, Mediastinum, Medical imaging, Meninges, Methotrexate, Molecule, Multiple myeloma, Mycosis fungoides, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Natural killer cell, Neoplasm, Neprilysin, Night sweats, Nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma, Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma, Nodular sclerosis, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Notch 1, Oncology, Palliative care, Pathology, Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, Perspiration, Pesticide, Phenotype, Plasma cell, Plasmablastic lymphoma, Plasmacytoma, Plasmapheresis, Positron emission tomography, Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, Primary central nervous system lymphoma, Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma, Primary effusion lymphoma, Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma, Prognosis, Radiation therapy, Reed–Sternberg cell, Rituximab, Sézary disease, Shortness of breath, Splenic marginal zone lymphoma, Stanford V, Surgery, T cell, T-cell lymphoma, T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia, T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma, Targeted therapy, Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase, Thomas Hodgkin, Thoracic diaphragm, Thymus, Tobacco smoking, Translational research, Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, Watchful waiting, Weight loss, White blood cell, World Health Organization. Expand index (114 more) »


ABVD is a chemotherapy regimen used in the first-line treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma, supplanting the older MOPP protocol.

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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a cancer of the lymphoid line of blood cells characterized by the development of large numbers of immature lymphocytes.

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AdolescenceMacmillan Dictionary for Students Macmillan, Pan Ltd.

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Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma

Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL or ATLL) is a rare cancer of the immune system's own T-cells.

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Aggressive NK-cell leukemia

Aggressive NK-cell leukemia is a disease with an aggressive, systemic proliferation of natural killer cells (NK cells) and a rapidly declining clinical course.

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ALK+ large B-cell lymphoma

ALK+ large B-cell lymphoma is a type of lymphoma.

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American Society of Clinical Oncology

The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) is a professional organization representing physicians of all oncology sub-specialties who care for people with cancer.

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Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma

Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma involving aberrant T cells or null lymphocytes.

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Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL, sometimes misspelled AILT) (formerly known as "angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia") is a mature T-cell lymphoma of blood or lymph vessel immunoblasts characterized by a polymorphous lymph node infiltrate showing a marked increase in follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) and high endothelial venules (HEVs) and systemic involvement.

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Ann Arbor staging

Ann Arbor staging is the staging system for lymphomas, both in Hodgkin's lymphoma (formerly designated Hodgkin's disease) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (abbreviated NHL).

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Anorexia (symptom)

Anorexia (from Ancient Greek ανορεξία: 'ἀν-' "without" + 'όρεξις', spelled 'órexis' meaning "appetite") is the decreased sensation of appetite.

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An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

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Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.

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Autoimmune disease

An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.

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B cell

B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype.

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B symptoms

B symptoms refer to systemic symptoms of fever, night sweats, and weight loss which can be associated with both Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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B-cell lymphoma

The B-cell lymphomas are types of lymphoma affecting B cells.

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B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia

B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia is a more aggressive, but still treatable, form of leukemia.

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Basic research

Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, has the scientific research aim to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena.

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Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma 2), encoded in humans by the BCL2 gene, is the founding member of the Bcl-2 family of regulator proteins that regulate cell death (apoptosis), by either inducing (pro-apoptotic) or inhibiting (anti-apoptotic) apoptosis.

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BEACOPP is a chemotherapy regimen for treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma developed by the German Hodgkin Study Group used for patients in Stages > II or early (IA or IB) with unfavorable risk factors.

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Blastic NK cell lymphoma

Blastic NK (natural killer) cell lymphoma is a type of lymphoma.

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Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells.

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Bone marrow examination

Bone marrow examination refers to the pathologic analysis of samples of bone marrow obtained by bone marrow biopsy (often called a trephine biopsy) and bone marrow aspiration.

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Burkitt's lymphoma

Burkitt lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, particularly B lymphocytes found in the germinal center.

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Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

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Cancer staging

Cancer staging is the process of determining the extent to which a cancer has developed by growing and spreading.

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CD15 (3-fucosyl-N-acetyl-lactosamine) is a cluster of differentiation antigen - an immunologically significant molecule.

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CD2 (cluster of differentiation 2) is a cell adhesion molecule found on the surface of T cells and natural killer (NK) cells.

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CD3 (immunology)

In immunology, the CD3 (cluster of differentiation 3) T cell co-receptor helps to activate both the cytotoxic T cell (CD8+ naive T cells) and also T helper cells (CD4+ naive T cells).

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CD30, also known as TNFRSF8, is a cell membrane protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family and tumor marker.

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In molecular biology, CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune cells such as T helper cells, monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells.

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CD5 (protein)

CD5 is a cluster of differentiation expressed on the surface of T cells (various species) and in a subset of murine B cells known as B-1a.

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CD7 (Cluster of Differentiation 7) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CD7 gene.

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Central nervous system

The central nervous system (CNS) is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord.

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A centroblast generally refers to an activated B cell that is enlarged (12-18 micrometer) and proliferating in the germinal center of a secondary lymphoid follicle.

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A centrocyte generally refers to a B cell with a cleaved nucleus, Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

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Cervical lymph nodes

Cervical lymph nodes are lymph nodes found in the neck.

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Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.

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Choosing Wisely

Choosing Wisely is a United States-based health educational campaign, led by the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).

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CHOP is the acronym for a chemotherapy regimen used in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

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Chromosomal translocation

In genetics, a chromosome translocation is a chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes.

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Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).

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Clinical trial

Clinical trials are experiments or observations done in clinical research.

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Cluster of differentiation

The cluster of differentiation (also known as cluster of designation or classification determinant and often abbreviated as CD) is a protocol used for the identification and investigation of cell surface molecules providing targets for immunophenotyping of cells.

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Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex of vertebrates, as well as the synthetic analogues of these hormones.

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CT scan

A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.

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A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition, such as a medication, a surgical operation, a change in lifestyle or even a philosophical mindset that helps end a person's sufferings; or the state of being healed, or cured.

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Cyclin D1

Cyclin D1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CCND1 gene.

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Cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with how the chromosomes relate to cell behaviour, particularly to their behaviour during mitosis and meiosis.

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Developed country

A developed country, industrialized country, more developed country, or "more economically developed country" (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developed economy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations.

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Developing country

A developing country (or a low and middle income country (LMIC), less developed country, less economically developed country (LEDC), underdeveloped country) is a country with a less developed industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries.

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Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL or DLBL) is a cancer of B cells, a type of white blood cell responsible for producing antibodies.

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Effacement (histology)

Effacement is the shortening, or thinning, of a tissue.

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Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma

Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL), also enteropathy-type T-cell lymphoma (ETTL), is a type of T-cell lymphoma that affects the small intestine.

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Epstein–Barr virus

The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), also called human herpesvirus 4 (HHV-4), is one of eight known human herpesvirus types in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans.

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Epstein–Barr virus-positive DLBCL of the elderly

Epstein–Barr virus-positive DLBCL of the elderly is a type of large B-cell lymphoma, recognized in the WHO 2008 classification.

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Erythema (from the Greek erythros, meaning red) is redness of the skin or mucous membranes, caused by hyperemia (increased blood flow) in superficial capillaries.

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Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type

Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type which was known as angiocentric lymphoma in the REAL classification, and also as nasal-type NK lymphoma, NK/T-cell lymphoma, and polymorphic/malignant midline reticulosis is a cutaneous condition which in Korea is reported to be the most common form of cutaneous lymphoma after mycosis fungoides.

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Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.

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Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.

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Fever of unknown origin

Fever of unknown origin (FUO), pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) or febris e causa ignota (febris E.C.I.) refers to a condition in which the patient has an elevated temperature (fever) but despite investigations by a physician no explanation has been found.

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Five-year survival rate

The five-year survival rate is a type of survival rate for estimating the prognosis of a particular disease, normally calculated from the point of diagnosis.

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Flow cytometry

In biotechnology, flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based, biophysical technology employed in cell counting, cell sorting, biomarker detection and protein engineering, by suspending cells in a stream of fluid and passing them through an electronic detection apparatus.

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Fluorescence in situ hybridization

Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that uses fluorescent probes that bind to only those parts of the chromosome with a high degree of sequence complementarity.

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Follicular lymphoma

Follicular lymphoma is a type of blood cancer.

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Gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.

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Grading (tumors)

In pathology, grading is a measure of the cell appearance in tumors and other neoplasms.

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Hairy cell leukemia

Hairy cell leukemia is an uncommon hematological malignancy characterized by an accumulation of abnormal B lymphocytes.

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Heavy chain disease

Heavy chain disease is a form of paraproteinemia and plasma cell dyscrasia that involves the proliferation of cells producing immunoglobulin heavy chains.

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Hematology, also spelled haematology, is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood.

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Hematopathology or hemopathology is the study of diseases and disorders affecting blood cells, their production, and any organs and tissues involved in hematopoiesis, such as bone marrow, the spleen, and the thymus.

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Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma

Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma is a rare and generally incurable form of lymphoma.

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Histopathology (compound of three Greek words: ἱστός histos "tissue", πάθος pathos "suffering", and -λογία -logia "study of") refers to the microscopic examination of tissue in order to study the manifestations of disease.

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

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Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Hodgkin's lymphoma

Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is a type of lymphoma which is generally believed to result from white blood cells of the lymphocyte kind.

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Homing (hematopoietic)

Homing is the phenomenon whereby cells migrate to the organ of their origin.

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Human T-lymphotropic virus

The human T-lymphotropic virus, human T-cell lymphotropic virus, or human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma virus (HTLV) family of viruses are a group of human retroviruses that are known to cause a type of cancer called adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and a demyelinating disease called HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP).

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Immunophenotyping is a technique used to study the protein expressed by cells.

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Immunosuppressive drug

Immunosuppressive drugs or immunosuppressive agents or antirejection medications are drugs that inhibit or prevent activity of the immune system.

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International Classification of Diseases for Oncology

The International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O) is a domain-specific extension of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems for tumor diseases.

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International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems

The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes." Its full official name is International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.

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Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma

Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (ILBCL), also referred to as angiotropic large-cell lymphoma, angiotropic large-cell lymphoma, intralymphatic lymphomatosis, intravascular lymphomatosis, and, less specifically, intravascular lymphoma and malignant angioendotheliomatosis is a rare form of lymphoma.

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Itch (also known as pruritus) is a sensation that causes the desire or reflex to scratch.

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Large B-cell lymphoma arising in HHV8-associated multicentric Castleman's disease

Large B-cell lymphoma arising in HHV8-associated multicentric Castleman's disease is a type of large B-cell lymphoma, recognized in the WHO 2008 classification.

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Large granular lymphocytic leukemia

Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorder that exhibits an unexplained, chronic (> 6 months) elevation in large granular lymphocytes (LGLs) in the peripheral blood.

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Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.

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Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system.

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Lymph node

A lymph node or lymph gland is an ovoid or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, and of the adaptive immune system, that is widely present throughout the body.

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Lymph node biopsy

Lymph node biopsy is a test in which a lymph node or a piece of a lymph node is removed for examination under a microscope (see: biopsy).

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Lymphadenopathy or adenopathy is disease of the lymph nodes, in which they are abnormal in size, number, or consistency.

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Lymphatic system

The lymphatic system is part of the vascular system and an important part of the immune system, comprising a network of lymphatic vessels that carry a clear fluid called lymph (from Latin, lympha meaning "water") directionally towards the heart.

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A lymphoblast is a modified naive lymphocyte that also looks completely different.

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A lymphocyte is one of the subtypes of white blood cell in a vertebrate's immune system.

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Lymphoid leukemia

Lymphoid leukemias — also called lymphocytic, lymphogenous, or lymphoblastic leukemias — are a group of leukemias affecting circulating lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells.

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Lymphomatoid granulomatosis

Lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LYG or LG) is a very rare lymphoproliferative disorder first characterized in 1972 with lymphomatoid meaning lymphoma-like and granulomatosis denoting one of its microscopic characteristics, polymorphic lymphoid infiltrates and focal necrosis within it.

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Lymphomatoid papulosis

Lymphomatoid papulosis (LyP) is a rare skin disorder.

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Lymphoproliferative disorders

Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) refer to several conditions in which lymphocytes are produced in excessive quantities.

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Malignancy is the tendency of a medical condition to become progressively worse.

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MALT lymphoma

MALT lymphoma (MALToma) is a form of lymphoma involving the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), frequently of the stomach, but virtually any mucosal site can be afflicted.

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Mantle cell lymphoma

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), comprising about 6% of NHL cases.

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Mediastinal tumor

A mediastinal tumor is a tumor in the mediastinum, the cavity that separates the lungs from the rest of the chest.

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The mediastinum (from Medieval Latin mediastinus, "midway") is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity surrounded by loose connective tissue, as an undelineated region that contains a group of structures within the thorax.

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Medical imaging

Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).

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The meninges (singular: meninx, from membrane, adjectival: meningeal) are the three membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.

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Methotrexate (MTX), formerly known as amethopterin, is a chemotherapy agent and immune system suppressant.

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A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.

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Multiple myeloma

Multiple myeloma, also known as plasma cell myeloma, is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell normally responsible for producing antibodies.

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Mycosis fungoides

Mycosis fungoides, also known as Alibert-Bazin syndrome or granuloma fungoides, is the most common form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

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National Cancer Institute

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), which is one of eleven agencies that are part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

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National Institutes of Health

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.

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Natural killer cell

Natural killer cells or NK cells are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system.

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Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.

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Neprilysin, also known as membrane metallo-endopeptidase (MME), neutral endopeptidase (NEP), cluster of differentiation 10 (CD10), and common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MME gene.

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Night sweats

Night sweats, also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep.

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Nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma

Nodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma (NMZL) is an uncommon form of marginal-zone lymphoma that can produce colonization of the follicles in the lymph node.

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Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma (NLPHL) is an indolent CD20(+) form of lymphoma.

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Nodular sclerosis

Nodular sclerosis (or "NSHL") is a form of Hodgkin's lymphoma that is the most common subtype of HL in developed countries.

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Non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a group of blood cancers that includes all types of lymphoma except Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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Notch 1

Notch homolog 1, translocation-associated (Drosophila), also known as NOTCH1, is a human gene encoding a single-pass transmembrane receptor.

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Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer.

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Palliative care

Palliative care is a multidisciplinary approach to specialized medical and nursing care for people with life-limiting illnesses.

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Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.

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Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS), is a subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphoma.

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Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.

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Pesticides are substances that are meant to control pests, including weeds.

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A phenotype is the composite of an organism's observable characteristics or traits, such as its morphology, development, biochemical or physiological properties, behavior, and products of behavior (such as a bird's nest).

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Plasma cell

Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells that secrete large volumes of antibodies.

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Plasmablastic lymphoma

Plasmablastic lymphoma is a type of large B-cell lymphoma, recognized in the WHO 2008 classification.

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Plasmacytoma is a plasma cell dyscrasia in which a plasma cell tumour grows within soft tissue or within the axial skeleton.

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Plasmapheresis (from the Greek πλάσμα—plasma, something molded, and ἀφαίρεσις—aphairesis, taking away) is the removal, treatment, and return or exchange of blood plasma or components thereof from and to the blood circulation.

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Positron emission tomography

Positron-emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine functional imaging technique that is used to observe metabolic processes in the body as an aid to the diagnosis of disease.

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Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia

Precursor B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia is a form of lymphoid leukemia in which too many B-cell lymphoblasts (immature white blood cells) are found in the blood and bone marrow.

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Primary central nervous system lymphoma

A primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), also known as microglioma and primary brain lymphoma, is a primary intracranial tumor appearing mostly in patients with severe immunodeficiency (typically patients with AIDS).

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Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma

Primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (PCFCL) is a type of lymphoma.

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Primary effusion lymphoma

Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a B-cell lymphoma, presenting with a malignant effusion without a tumor mass.

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Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B cell lymphoma

Primary mediastinal (thymic) large B-cell lymphoma, also called primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBCL) and mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma, is a distinct type of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving the mediastinum, recognized in the WHO 2008 classification.

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Prognosis (Greek: πρόγνωσις "fore-knowing, foreseeing") is a medical term for predicting the likely or expected development of a disease, including whether the signs and symptoms will improve or worsen (and how quickly) or remain stable over time; expectations of quality of life, such as the ability to carry out daily activities; the potential for complications and associated health issues; and the likelihood of survival (including life expectancy).

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Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.

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Reed–Sternberg cell

Reed–Sternberg cells (also known as lacunar histiocytes for certain types) are different giant cells found with light microscopy in biopsies from individuals with Hodgkin's lymphoma (a.k.a. Hodgkin's disease, a type of lymphoma).

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Rituximab, sold under the brand name Rituxan among others, is a medication used to treat certain autoimmune diseases and types of cancer.

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Sézary disease

Sézary disease is a type of cutaneous lymphoma that was first described by Albert Sézary.

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Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.

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Splenic marginal zone lymphoma

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a type of cancer (specifically a lymphoma) made up of B-cells that replace the normal architecture of the white pulp of the spleen.

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Stanford V

Stanford V (usually spoken as Stanford Five) is a chemotherapy regimen (with or without accompanying Radiation therapy) intended as a first-line treatment for Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.

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T cell

A T cell, or T lymphocyte, is a type of lymphocyte (a subtype of white blood cell) that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity.

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T-cell lymphoma

The T-cell lymphomas are four types of lymphoma that affect T cells.

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T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia

T-cell-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is a mature T-cell leukemia with aggressive behavior and predilection for blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, and skin involvement.

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T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma

T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (WHO 2008), previously labeled precursor T-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (WHO 2001) and also known as precursor T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma and precursor T acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma is a form of lymphoid leukemia and lymphoma in which too many T-cell lymphoblasts (immature white blood cells) are found in the blood, bone marrow, and tissues, particularly mediastinal lymph nodes.

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Targeted therapy

Targeted therapy or molecularly targeted therapy is one of the major modalities of medical treatment (pharmacotherapy) for cancer, others being hormonal therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy.

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Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase

Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), also known as DNA nucleotidylexotransferase (DNTT) or terminal transferase, is a specialized DNA polymerase expressed in immature, pre-B, pre-T lymphoid cells, and acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma cells.

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Thomas Hodgkin

Thomas Hodgkin (17 August 1798 – 5 April 1866) was a British physician, considered one of the most prominent pathologists of his time and a pioneer in preventive medicine.

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Thoracic diaphragm

For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.

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The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.

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Tobacco smoking

Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).

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Translational research

Translational research – often used interchangeably with translational medicine or translational science or bench to bedside – is an effort to build on basic scientific research to create new therapies, medical procedures, or diagnostics.

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Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues

Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues or haematopoietic and lymphoid malignancies are tumors that affect the blood, bone marrow, lymph, and lymphatic system.

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Waldenström's macroglobulinemia

Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM), also known as lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma, is a type of cancer affecting two types of B cells, lymphoplasmacytoid cells and plasma cells.

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Watchful waiting

Watchful waiting (also watch and wait or WAW) is an approach to a medical problem in which time is allowed to pass before medical intervention or therapy is used.

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Weight loss

Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.

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White blood cell

White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders.

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World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.

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B-cell lymphomas, Diffuse areas, Diffuse lymphoma, Diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, HIV-associated cutaneous lymphoma, Immunoblastic lymphoma, Ki-1 positive T cell lymphoma, Lymph cancer, Lymph node cancer, Lymphadenoma, Lymphatic cancer, Lymphoma cancer, Lymphoma in Children, Lymphoma, diffuse, Lymphoma, high-grade, Lymphoma, intermediate-grade, Lymphoma, large-cell, immunoblastic, Lymphoma, low-grade, Lymphomagenesis, Lymphomas, Lymphomatosis, Lymphomatous meningitis, Lymphosarcoma, Malignant Lymphomas, Malignant lymphoma, Peripheral T cell lymphoma, Pleomorphic peripheral T cell lymphoma, Primary malignant lymphoma.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lymphoma

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