123 relations: Aegean Sea, Aeolis, Africa, Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek, Annales Cambriae, Annie Bélis, Asia, Asor, Çeng, Banjo, Barbat (lute), Barbiton, Begena, Bow (music), Bronze Age, Byzantine lyra, Calabrian lira, Catgut, Celtic harp, Celts, Chang (instrument), Chordophone, Cithara, Classical antiquity, Classical kemençe, Cretan lyra, Crete, Crwth, Cupid, Egypt, Ektara, Endongo, Europe, Fingerboard, Fresco, Germanic peoples, Giga (instrument), Greco-Roman world, Greece, Greek Heroic Age, Greek mythology, Gue, Guitar, Hagia Triada, Hagia Triada sarcophagus, Harp, Herculaneum, Hermes, ..., Ionia, Iraq, Iron Age, Jouhikko, Kantele, Kemençe of the Black Sea, Kemenche, Kinnor, Kissar, Konghou, Krar, Latin, Lijerica, Linear B, Lira da braccio, Lirone, Litungu, Lord Byron, Lute, Lydia, Lyra viol, Lyre-guitar, Lyres of Ur, Lyric poetry, Mesopotamia, Metaphor, Middle East, Minoan civilization, Musaeus of Athens, Music of Wales, Mycenaean Greece, Mycenaean Greek, Nares-jux, Nyatiti, Obokano, Old Testament, Olympus (musician), Organology, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Phorminx, Plectrum, Plucked string instrument, Plutarch, Pompeii, Prototype, Psaltery, Quarter tone, Recitation, Sanmu, Sarangi, Scotland, Silenus, Simsimiyya, Skye, Sound board (music), Sound box, String instrument, Strum, Sumer, Talharpa, Tanbūra (lyre), Terpander, Thamyris, Thrace, Tortoise, Turkey, Turtle, Turtle shell, Villa of the Mysteries, Violin, Yoke, Zenari, Zither. Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
The Aegean Sea (Αιγαίο Πέλαγος; Ege Denizi) is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Greek and Anatolian peninsulas, i.e., between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey.
Aeolis (Ancient Greek: Αἰολίς, Aiolís), or Aeolia (Αἰολία, Aiolía), was an area that comprised the west and northwestern region of Asia Minor, mostly along the coast, and also several offshore islands (particularly Lesbos), where the Aeolian Greek city-states were located.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Annales Cambriae (Latin for The Annals of Wales) is the name given to a complex of Cambro-Latin chronicles compiled or derived from diverse sources at St David's in Dyfed, Wales.
Annie Bélis is a French archaeologist, philologist, papyrologist and musician.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The asor (עָשׂוֹר ʿasor; from עשר eśer, meaning "ten") was a musical instrument "of ten strings" mentioned in the Bible.
The çeng is a Turkish harp.
The banjo is a four-, five- or six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head.
The barbat (بربط) or barbud was a lute of Central Asian or Greater Iranian or Persian origin.
The barbiton, or barbitos (Gr: βάρβιτον or βάρβιτος; Lat. barbitus), is an ancient stringed instrument known from Greek and Roman classics related to the lyre.
The begena (or bèguèna, as in French) is an Eritrean and Ethiopian string instrument with ten strings belonging to the family of the lyre.
In music, a bow is a tensioned stick with hair affixed to it that is moved across some part of a musical instrument to cause vibration, which the instrument emits as sound.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
The Byzantine lyra or lira (λύρα) was a medieval bowed string musical instrument in the Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire.
The Calabrian lira (lira Calabrese) is a traditional musical instrument characteristic of some areas of Calabria, region in southern Italy.
Catgut is a type of cord that is prepared from the natural fibre found in the walls of animal intestines.
The Celtic harp is a triangular harp traditional to Wales, Brittany, Ireland and Scotland.
The Celts (see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) were an Indo-European people in Iron Age and Medieval Europe who spoke Celtic languages and had cultural similarities, although the relationship between ethnic, linguistic and cultural factors in the Celtic world remains uncertain and controversial.
The chang (چنگ) is a Persian musical instrument similar to harp.
A chordophone is a musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points.
The cithara or kithara (translit, cithara) was an ancient Greek musical instrument in the lyre or lyra family.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
The classical kemenche (Turkish: Klasik kemençe) or Armudî kemençe (pear-shaped kemenche) or Politiki lyra (Greek: πολίτικη λύρα, Constantinopolitan Lyre) is a pear-shaped bowed instrument.
The Cretan lyra (Κρητική λύρα) is a Greek pear-shaped, three-stringed bowed musical instrument, central to the traditional music of Crete and other islands in the Dodecanese and the Aegean Archipelago, in Greece.
Crete (Κρήτη,; Ancient Greek: Κρήτη, Krḗtē) is the largest and most populous of the Greek islands, the 88th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, and Corsica.
The crwth, also called a crowd or rote, is a bowed lyre, a type of stringed instrument, associated particularly with Welsh music and with medieval folk music of England, now archaic but once widely played in Europe.
In classical mythology, Cupid (Latin Cupīdō, meaning "desire") is the god of desire, erotic love, attraction and affection.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Ektara (एकतारा, একতারা, ਇਕ ਤਾਰਾ; literally "one-string", also called iktar, ektar, yaktaro, gopichand, gopichant, gopijiantra, tun tuna) is a one-string instrument most often used in traditional music from Bangladesh, Egypt, India, and Pakistan.
The endongo is a musical instrument, considered the national instrument of the Baganda people of Uganda.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The fingerboard (also known as a fretboard on fretted instruments) is an important component of most stringed instruments.
Fresco (plural frescos or frescoes) is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid, or wet lime plaster.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
The giga was a type of bowed lyre, it was very popular especially in Norway, but also common to find in England, Iceland and Denmark.
The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It is also better known as the Classical Civilisation. In exact terms the area refers to the "Mediterranean world", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i.e. one wherein the cultural perceptions, ideas and sensitivities of these peoples were dominant. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean. Though the Greek and the Latin never became the native idioms of the rural peasants who composed the great majority of the empire's population, they were the languages of the urbanites and cosmopolitan elites, and the lingua franca, even if only as corrupt or multifarious dialects to those who lived within the large territories and populations outside the Macedonian settlements and the Roman colonies. All Roman citizens of note and accomplishment regardless of their ethnic extractions, spoke and wrote in Greek and/or Latin, such as the Roman jurist and Imperial chancellor Ulpian who was of Phoenician origin, the mathematician and geographer Claudius Ptolemy who was of Greco-Egyptian origin and the famous post-Constantinian thinkers John Chrysostom and Augustine who were of Syrian and Berber origins, respectively, and the historian Josephus Flavius who was of Jewish origin and spoke and wrote in Greek.
The Greek Heroic Age, in mythology, is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and the Greek return from Troy.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices.
The gue is an extinct type of two-stringed bowed lyre or zither from the Shetland Isles.
The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.
Hagia Triada (also Ayia Triada, Agia Triada, Agia Trias, — Holy Trinity) is the archaeological site of an ancient Minoan settlement.
The Hagia Triada sarcophagus is an early Bronze Age 137 cm-long limestone sarcophagus.
The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.
Located in the shadow of Mount Vesuvius, Herculaneum (Italian: Ercolano) was an ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD.
Hermes (Ἑρμῆς) is an Olympian god in Greek religion and mythology, the son of Zeus and the Pleiad Maia, and the second youngest of the Olympian gods (Dionysus being the youngest).
Ionia (Ancient Greek: Ἰωνία, Ionía or Ἰωνίη, Ioníe) was an ancient region on the central part of the western coast of Anatolia in present-day Turkey, the region nearest İzmir, which was historically Smyrna.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, preceded by the Stone Age (Neolithic) and the Bronze Age.
Replica of a 19th-century jouhikko made by Simon Chadwick The jouhikko is a traditional, two- or three-stringed bowed lyre, from Finland and Russia.
A kantele is a traditional Finnish and Karelian plucked string instrument (chordophone) belonging to the south east Baltic box zither family known as the Baltic psaltery along with Estonian kannel, Latvian kokles, Lithuanian kanklės and Russian gusli.
The Kemençe of the Black Sea (Turkish: Karadeniz kemençesi, Greek Pontic kemenche or Pontiaki lyra (Ποντιακή λύρα), Laz Çilili (ჭილილი), or Armenian Qamani (Քամանի) is a bottle-shaped bowed lute found in the Black Sea region of Turkey (Pontus), adjacent Armenian and Georgian peopled lands, as well as in Greece. It is also known as the "kementche of Laz". The name kemençe comes from Iranian Music Instrument Kamancheh.
Kemenche or kemençe is a name used for various types of stringed bowed musical instruments having their origin in the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in Greece, Iran, Turkey, Armenia, and regions adjacent to the Black Sea.
Kinnor (כִּנּוֹר) is an ancient Israelite musical instrument, the exact identification of which is unclear, but in the modern day is generally translated as "harp" or "lyre", and associated with a type of lyre depicted in Israelite imagery, particular the Bar Kochba coins.
The kissar (also spelled kissir), Tanbour or Gytarah barbaryeh, the ancient Nubian lyre, still in use in Egypt, Sudan and Abyssinia.
The konghou is an ancient Chinese harp.
The krar or kraar is a five- or six-stringed bowl-shaped lyre from Eritrea and Ethiopia.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The lijerica is a musical instrument from the Croatian region of Dalmatia and Croatian parts of eastern Hercegovina.
Linear B is a syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, the earliest attested form of Greek.
The lira da braccio (or lyra de bracioMichael Praetorius. Syntagma Musicum Theatrum Instrumentorum seu Sciagraphia Wolfenbüttel 1620) was a European bowed string instrument of the Renaissance.
The lirone (or lira da gamba) is the bass member of the lira family of instruments that was popular in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
The litungu is a traditional lyre played by the Luhya ethnic group of Kenya (including the Bukusu subgroup).
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), known as Lord Byron, was an English nobleman, poet, peer, politician, and leading figure in the Romantic movement.
A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.
Lydia (Assyrian: Luddu; Λυδία, Lydía; Lidya) was an Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir.
The lyra viol is a small bass viol, used primarily in England in the seventeenth century.
A musical instrument of the chordophone family, the lyre-guitar was a type of guitar shaped like a lyre.
The Lyres of Ur or Harps of Ur are considered to be the world's oldest surviving stringed instruments.
Lyric poetry is a formal type of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands which flourished from about 2600 to 1600 BC, before a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100.
Musaeus of Athens (Μουσαῖος, Mousaios) was a legendary polymath, philosopher, historian, prophet, seer, priest, poet, and musician, said to have been the founder of priestly poetry in Attica.
Wales has a strong and distinctive link with music.
Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.
Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete and Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece.
The nares-jux (нарс-юх) or Siberian lyre is a musical instrument, a type of box-lyre, played by Uralic peoples of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug of Russian Siberia.
The nyatiti is a five to eight-stringed plucked lyre from Kenya.
The obokano (also spelled obukano) is a large bass bowl lyre from Kenya.
The Old Testament (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles, based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or Tanakh), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by most Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God.
Olympus (or Olympos, Ὄλυμπος) is the name of two ancient Greek musicians, one mythical who lived before the Trojan war, and one apparently real, who lived in the 7th century BC.
Organology (from Greek: ὄργανον – organon, "instrument" and λόγος – logos, "study") is the science of musical instruments and their classification.
Percy Bysshe Shelley (4 August 17928 July 1822) was one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric and philosophical poets in the English language, and one of the most influential.
The phorminx (in Ancient Greek φόρμιγξ) was one of the oldest of the Ancient Greek stringed musical instruments, intermediate between the lyre and the kithara.
A plectrum is a small flat tool used to pluck or strum a stringed instrument.
Plucked string instruments are a subcategory of string instruments that are played by plucking the strings.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
Pompeii was an ancient Roman city near modern Naples in the Campania region of Italy, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
Psaltery 1700 – Venitian school A psaltery (or sawtry) is a stringed instrument of the zither family.
A quarter tone is a pitch halfway between the usual notes of a chromatic scale or an interval about half as wide (aurally, or logarithmically) as a semitone, which itself is half a whole tone.
A recitation in a general sense is the act of reciting from memory, or a formal reading of verse or other writing before an audience.
is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
The sārangī (Hindi: सारंगी, Punjabi: ਸਾਰੰਗੀ, سارنگی, Nepali: सारङ्गी) is a bowed, short-necked string instrument from India as well as Nepal and Pakistan which is used in Hindustani classical music.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
In Greek mythology, Silenus (Greek: Σειληνός Seilēnos) was a companion and tutor to the wine god Dionysus.
The simsimiyya (سمسمية, plural simsimiyyāt, سِمْسِمِيَّات) is a traditional plucked lyre used in Egypt, Jordan and Yemen.
Skye, or the Isle of Skye (An t-Eilean Sgitheanach or Eilean a' Cheò), is the largest and northernmost of the major islands in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland.
A sound board, or soundboard, is the surface of a string instrument that the strings vibrate against, usually via some sort of bridge.
A sound box or sounding box (sometimes written soundbox) is an open chamber in the body of a musical instrument which modifies the sound of the instrument, and helps transfer that sound to the surrounding air.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
In music, strumming is a way of playing a stringed instrument such as a guitar, ukulele, or mandolin.
SumerThe name is from Akkadian Šumeru; Sumerian en-ĝir15, approximately "land of the civilized kings" or "native land".
The talharpa, also known as a tagelharpa (tail-hair harp) or the stråkharpa (bowed harp), is a four-stringed bowed lyre from northern Europe.
The tanbūra is a bowl lyre of the Middle East.
Terpander (Τέρπανδρος Terpandros), of Antissa in Lesbos, was a Greek poet and citharede who lived about the first half of the 7th century BC.
In Greek mythology, Thamyris (Θάμυρις, Thámuris), son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope, was a Thracian singer who was so proud of his skill that he boasted he could outsing the Muses.
Thrace (Modern Θράκη, Thráki; Тракия, Trakiya; Trakya) is a geographical and historical area in southeast Europe, now split between Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to the north, the Aegean Sea to the south and the Black Sea to the east.
Tortoises are a family, Testudinidae. Testudinidae is a Family under the order Testudines and suborder Cryptodira.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turtles are diapsids of the order Testudines (or Chelonii) characterized by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs and acting as a shield.
The turtle shell is a highly complicated shield for the ventral and dorsal parts of turtles, tortoises and terrapins (all classified as "turtles" by zoologists), completely enclosing all the vital organs of the turtle and in some cases even the head.
The Villa of the Mysteries (Villa dei Misteri) is a well-preserved suburban Roman villa on the outskirts of Pompeii, southern Italy, famous for the series of frescos in one room, which are usually thought to show the initiation of a young woman into a Greco-Roman mystery cult.
The violin, also known informally as a fiddle, is a wooden string instrument in the violin family.
A yoke is a wooden beam normally used between a pair of oxen or other animals to enable them to pull together on a load when working in pairs, as oxen usually do; some yokes are fitted to individual animals.
Zenari (زناري, also Romanized as Zenārī; also known as Zīnār) is a village in Garmeh-ye Jonubi Rural District, in the Central District of Meyaneh County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.
Zither is a class of stringed instruments.