152 relations: A korao no New Zealand, Akaroa, Alveolar consonant, An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, Anne Salmond, Aoraki / Mount Cook, Aotearoa, Aotearoa Television Network, Approximant consonant, Arthur Capell, Auckland University Press, Austronesian languages, Āpirana Ngata, Back vowel, Banks Peninsula, Bay of Plenty, Bilabial consonant, Bruce Biggs, Canterbury, New Zealand, Central vowel, Close vowel, Clusivity, Cook Islands, Cook Islands Māori, Dental and alveolar flaps, Dental, alveolar and postalveolar trills, Department of Internal Affairs (New Zealand), Diacritic, Diaeresis (diacritic), Digraph (orthography), Diphthong, Dual (grammatical number), Dunedin, East Cape, Easter Island, Elision, Encyclopædia Britannica, Ethnologue, Flap consonant, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Geographic information system, Geography of the Cook Islands, George Griffiths (historian), Glottal consonant, Glottal stop, Grammatical number, Hawaiian language, Hawaiki, Hocken Collections, ..., Hongi Hika, International Phonetic Alphabet, Iwi, James Cook, Japanese phonology, John Rutherford Blair, Joseph Banks, Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Kia ora, Kiwi, Kura Kaupapa Māori, Lake Waihola, Lake Wakatipu, Land Information New Zealand, Language interpretation, Latin alphabet, Latin script, List of national birds, Lunar calendar, Macron (diacritic), Malayo-Polynesian languages, Maori Language Act 1987, Marquesan language, Māori Braille, Māori culture, Māori language, Māori Language Commission, Māori language revival, Māori Language Week, Māori people, Māori Television, Minority language, Murihiku, Nasal consonant, Native schools, New Zealand, New Zealand English, New Zealand Parliament, New Zealand Post, New Zealand Sign Language, Ngāi Tahu, Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Maniapoto, Northland Region, Oceanic languages, Official language, Open vowel, Open-mid vowel, Orthography, Otago, Otakou, Palmerston, New Zealand, Paradisec, Passive speaker (language), Pākehā, Petroglyph, Phoneme, Phonetic transcription, Polynesia, Polynesian languages, Postcodes in New Zealand, Public consultation, Rangiora, Rapa Nui language, Rongorongo, Samuel Lee (linguist), Schwa, Society Islands, Sooty shearwater, Southland, New Zealand, Statistics New Zealand, Stewart Island, Stop consonant, Syllable, Tahiti, Tahitian language, Taranaki, Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Te Rauparaha, Te Reo (TV channel), Te Urewera, The Kilmog, Thomas Kendall, Tolaga Bay, Treaty of Waitangi, Tuamotuan language, Tupaia (navigator), United Kingdom, University of Auckland, University of Cambridge, Velar consonant, Voiceless bilabial fricative, Voiceless labiodental fricative, Vowel diagram, Waihola, Waitangi Tribunal, Waka (canoe), Wangaloa, Wellington, Whanganui, Whānau, World War II. Expand index (102 more) » « Shrink index
A korao no New Zealand; or, the New Zealander's first book was written by Anglican missionary Thomas Kendall in 1815, and is the first book written in the Māori language.
Akaroa is a small town on Banks Peninsula in the Canterbury region of the South Island of New Zealand, situated within a harbour of the same name.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand was an official encyclopedia about New Zealand, published by the Government of New Zealand in 1966.
Dame Mary Anne Salmond (née Thorpe; born 16 November 1945) is a New Zealand anthropologist, environmentalist and writer.
Aoraki / Mount Cook is the highest mountain in New Zealand.
Aotearoa (commonly pronounced by some English speakers as) is the Māori name for New Zealand.
The Aotearoa Television Network (ATN) was the first, yet unsuccessful television station operating in the Māori language.
Approximants are speech sounds that involve the articulators approaching each other but not narrowly enough nor with enough articulatory precision to create turbulent airflow.
Arthur Capell (28 March 1902 – 1986) was an Australian linguist, who made major contributions to the study of Australian languages, Austronesian languages and Papuan languages.
Auckland University Press is a leading New Zealand publisher that produces creative and scholarly work for a general audience.
The Austronesian languages are a language family that is widely dispersed throughout Maritime Southeast Asia, Madagascar and the islands of the Pacific Ocean, with a few members in continental Asia.
Sir Āpirana Turupa Ngata (3 July 1874 – 14 July 1950) was a prominent New Zealand politician and lawyer.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
Banks Peninsula is a peninsula of volcanic origin on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand.
The Bay of Plenty (Te Moana-a-Toi) is a large bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island.
In phonetics, a bilabial consonant is a consonant articulated with both lips.
Bruce Grandison Biggs (4 September 1921 – 18 October 2000) was an influential figure in the academic field of Māori studies in New Zealand.
Canterbury (Waitaha) is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
In linguistics, clusivity is a grammatical distinction between inclusive and exclusive first-person pronouns and verbal morphology, also called inclusive "we" and exclusive "we".
The Cook Islands (Cook Islands Māori: Kūki 'Āirani) is a self-governing island country in the South Pacific Ocean in free association with New Zealand.
Cook Islands Māori is an Eastern Polynesian language.
The alveolar tap or flap is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The alveolar trill is a type of consonantal sound, used in many spoken languages.
The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA; Māori: Te Tari Taiwhenua) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with issuing passports; administering applications for citizenship and lottery grants; enforcing censorship and gambling laws; registering births, deaths, marriages and civil unions; supplying support services to Ministers of the Crown; and advising the government on a range of relevant policies and issues, part of a number of functions performed by Internal Affairs.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
The diaeresis (plural: diaereses), also spelled diæresis or dieresis and also known as the tréma (also: trema) or the umlaut, is a diacritical mark that consists of two dots placed over a letter, usually a vowel.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Dual (abbreviated) is a grammatical number that some languages use in addition to singular and plural.
Dunedin (Ōtepoti) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the Otago region.
East Cape is the easternmost point of the main islands of New Zealand.
Easter Island (Rapa Nui, Isla de Pascua) is a Chilean island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian Triangle in Oceania.
In linguistics, an elision or deletion is the omission of one or more sounds (such as a vowel, a consonant, or a whole syllable) in a word or phrase.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present spatial or geographic data.
The Cook Islands can be divided into two groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands.
George John Griffiths QSO (1933–29 January 2014) was a New Zealand historian, writer, and journalist.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
In linguistics, grammatical number is a grammatical category of nouns, pronouns, and adjective and verb agreement that expresses count distinctions (such as "one", "two", or "three or more").
The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian: Ōlelo Hawaii) is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiokinai, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed.
In Polynesian mythology, Hawaiki (also rendered as "Avaiki" (Society Islands), "Savai'i", (Samoa), "Havai’i" (Reo Tahiti)) is the original home of the Polynesian peoples, before dispersal across Polynesia.
The Hocken Collections (also known by its Southern Māori name of Uare Taoka o Hākena and formerly known as the Hocken Library) is a research library, historical archive and art gallery based in the New Zealand city of Dunedin.
Hongi Hika (c. 1772 – 6 March 1828) was a New Zealand Māori rangatira (chief) and war leader of the Ngāpuhi iwi (tribe).
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Iwi are the largest social units in New Zealand Māori society.
Captain James Cook (7 November 1728Old style date: 27 October14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy.
The phonology of Japanese has about 15 consonant phonemes, the cross-linguistically typical five-vowel system of, and a relatively simple phonotactic distribution of phonemes allowing few consonant clusters.
John Rutherford Blair (1843 – 25 November 1914) was the Mayor of Wellington, New Zealand from 1898 to 1899.
Sir Joseph Banks, 1st Baronet, (19 June 1820) was an English naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences.
The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories and Commonwealth countries.
Kia ora (approximated in English as) is a Māori language greeting which has entered New Zealand English.
Kiwi or kiwis are flightless birds native to New Zealand, in the genus Apteryx and family Apterygidae.
Kura Kaupapa Māori are Māori-language immersion schools (kura) in New Zealand where the philosophy and practice reflect Māori cultural values with the aim of revitalising Māori language, knowledge and culture.
Lake Waihola is a 640 ha tidal freshwater lake located 15 km north of Milton in Otago, in New Zealand's South Island.
Lake Wakatipu is an inland lake (finger lake) in the South Island of New Zealand.
Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) (Māori: Toitū Te Whenua) is the public service department of New Zealand charged with geographical information and surveying functions as well as handling land titles, and managing Crown land and property.
Interpretation or interpreting is a translational activity in which one produces a first and final translation on the basis of a one-time exposure to an utterance in a source language.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
Latin or Roman script is a set of graphic signs (script) based on the letters of the classical Latin alphabet, which is derived from a form of the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, used by the Etruscans.
This is a list of national birds, most official, but some unofficial.
A lunar calendar is a calendar based upon the monthly cycles of the Moon's phases (synodic months), in contrast to solar calendars, whose annual cycles are based only directly upon the solar year.
A macron is a diacritical mark: it is a straight bar placed above a letter, usually a vowel.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
The Maori Language Act 1987 was a piece of legislation passed by the Parliament of New Zealand that gave official language status to the Māori language (te reo Māori), and gave speakers a right to use it in legal settings such as in court.
Marquesan is a collection of East-Central Polynesian dialects, of the Marquesic group, spoken in the Marquesas Islands of French Polynesia.
Māori Braille is the braille alphabet of the Māori language.
Māori culture is the culture of the Māori of New Zealand (an Eastern Polynesian people) and forms a distinctive part of New Zealand culture.
Māori, also known as te reo ("the language"), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.
New Zealand's Te Taura Whiri i te Reo Māori (Māori Language Commission) is an autonomous crown entity set up under the Māori Language Act 1987 with the following functions.
The Māori language revival is a movement to promote, reinforce and strengthen the speaking of the Māori language.
Māori Language Week (Te Wiki o te Reo Māori) is a government-sponsored initiative intended to encourage New Zealanders to promote the use of the Māori language, which, along with English and New Zealand Sign Language, is an official language of the country.
The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand.
Māori Television is a New Zealand television station that broadcasts programmes that make a significant contribution to the revitalisation of the Māori language and culture.
A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory.
Murihiku is a Māori name describing a region of the South Island in New Zealand.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
In New Zealand, native schools were established to provide education for Māori.
New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
New Zealand English (NZE) is the variant of the English language spoken by most English-speaking New Zealanders.
The New Zealand Parliament (Pāremata Aotearoa) is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives.
New Zealand Post is a state-owned enterprise responsible for providing postal service in New Zealand.
New Zealand Sign Language or NZSL (Te Reo Rotarota) is the main language of the Deaf community in New Zealand.
Ngāi Tahu, or Kāi Tahu, is the principal Māori iwi (tribe) of the southern region of New Zealand.
Ngāi Tūhoe, often known simply as Tūhoe, is a Māori iwi ("tribe") of New Zealand.
Ngāti Maniapoto is an iwi (tribe) based in the Waikato-Waitomo (flowing water-cave water) region of New Zealand's North Island.
The Northland Region (Te Tai Tokerau) is the northernmost of New Zealand's 16 local government regions.
The approximately 450 Oceanic languages are a well-established branch of the Austronesian languages.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
An open-mid vowel (also mid-open vowel, low-mid vowel, mid-low vowel or half-open vowel) is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
An orthography is a set of conventions for writing a language.
Otago is a region of New Zealand in the south of the South Island administered by the Otago Regional Council.
Otakou (Ōtākou) is a settlement within the boundaries of the city of Dunedin, New Zealand.
The town of Palmerston, in New Zealand's South Island, lies 50 kilometres to the north of the city of Dunedin.
The Pacific and Regional Archive for Digital Sources in Endangered Cultures (Paradisec) is a cross-institutional project that supports work on endangered languages and cultures of the Pacific and the region around Australia.
A passive speaker (also referred to as a receptive bilingual or passive bilingual) is a category of speaker who has had enough exposure to a language in childhood to have a native-like comprehension of it, but has little or no active command of it.
Pākehā (or Pakeha) is a Māori-language term for New Zealanders of European descent.
Petroglyphs are images created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, or abrading, as a form of rock art.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Phonetic transcription (also known as phonetic script or phonetic notation) is the visual representation of speech sounds (or phones).
Polynesia (from πολύς polys "many" and νῆσος nēsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, made up of more than 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean.
The Polynesian languages are a language family spoken in geographical Polynesia and on a patchwork of outliers from south central Micronesia to small islands off the northeast of the larger islands of the southeast Solomon Islands and sprinkled through Vanuatu.
Postcodes in New Zealand consist of four digits, the first two of which specify the area, the third the type of delivery (street, PO Box, Private Bag, or Rural delivery), and the last the specific lobby, RD (rural delivery) number, or suburb.
Public consultation, or simply consultation, is a regulatory process by which the public's input on matters affecting them is sought.
Rangiora is the largest town and seat of the Waimakariri District, in Canterbury, New Zealand.
Rapa Nui or Rapanui also known as Pascuan, or Pascuense, is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken on the island of Rapa Nui, also known as Easter Island.
Rongorongo (Rapa Nui) is a system of glyphs discovered in the 19th century on Easter Island that appear to contain writing or proto-writing.
Samuel Lee (14 May 1783 – 16 December 1852) was an English Orientalist, born in Shropshire; professor at Cambridge, first of Arabic and then of Hebrew language; was the author of a Hebrew grammar and lexicon, and a translation of the Book of Job.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
The Society Islands (Îles de la Société or officially Archipel de la Société; Tōtaiete mā.) includes a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
The sooty shearwater (Ardenna grisea) is a medium-large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae.
Southland (Murihiku) is New Zealand's southernmost region.
Statistics New Zealand (Tatauranga Aotearoa), branded as Stats NZ, is the public service department of New Zealand charged with the collection of statistics related to the economy, population and society of New Zealand.
Stewart Island/Rakiura (commonly called Stewart Island) is the third-largest island of New Zealand.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
Tahiti (previously also known as Otaheite (obsolete) is the largest island in the Windward group of French Polynesia. The island is located in the archipelago of the Society Islands in the central Southern Pacific Ocean, and is divided into two parts: the bigger, northwestern part, Tahiti Nui, and the smaller, southeastern part, Tahiti Iti. The island was formed from volcanic activity and is high and mountainous with surrounding coral reefs. The population is 189,517 inhabitants (2017 census), making it the most populous island of French Polynesia and accounting for 68.7% of its total population. Tahiti is the economic, cultural and political centre of French Polynesia, an overseas collectivity (sometimes referred to as an overseas country) of France. The capital of French Polynesia, Papeete, is located on the northwest coast of Tahiti. The only international airport in the region, Fa'a'ā International Airport, is on Tahiti near Papeete. Tahiti was originally settled by Polynesians between 300 and 800AD. They represent about 70% of the island's population, with the rest made up of Europeans, Chinese and those of mixed heritage. The island was part of the Kingdom of Tahiti until its annexation by France in 1880, when it was proclaimed a colony of France, and the inhabitants became French citizens. French is the only official language, although the Tahitian language (Reo Tahiti) is widely spoken.
Tahitian (autonym Reo Tahiti, part of Reo Mā'ohi, languages of French Polynesia)Reo Mā'ohi correspond to “languages of natives from French Polynesia”, and may in principle designate any of the seven indigenous languages spoken in French Polynesia.
Taranaki is a region in the west of New Zealand's North Island, administered by the Taranaki Regional Council.
Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand is an online encyclopedia created by the Ministry for Culture and Heritage of the New Zealand Government.
Te Rauparaha (1760s – 27 November 1849) was a Māori rangatira (chief) and war leader of the Ngāti Toa tribe who took a leading part in the Musket Wars.
Te Reo (Māori: "the language") is a New Zealand TV station broadcasting programmes exclusively in the Māori language (Te Reo Māori) with no advertising or subtitles.
Te Urewera is an area of mostly forested, sparsely populated rugged hill country in the North Island of New Zealand, much of it in the northern Hawke's Bay Region, and some in the eastern Bay of Plenty Region.
The Kilmog, occasionally called Kilmog Hill and known in Māori as Kirimoko, on Kāti Huirapa Runaka ki Puketeraki website, viewed 2012-01-04 is a hilly area approximately 20 kilometres north of Dunedin, New Zealand, on State Highway 1, to the north of Blueskin Bay and south of Karitane.
Thomas Kendall (13 December 1778 – 6 August 1832) was a New Zealand missionary, recorder of the Māori language, schoolmaster, arms dealer, and Pākehā Māori.
Tolaga Bay (Uawa) is both a bay and small town on the East Coast of New Zealand's North Island located 45 kilometres northeast of Gisborne and 30 kilometres south of Tokomaru Bay.
The Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty first signed on 6 February 1840 by representatives of the British Crown and Māori chiefs (Rangatira) from the North Island of New Zealand.
Tuamotuan, Paumotu or Paumotu (Paumotu: Reo Paumotu or Reko Paumotu) is a Polynesian language spoken by 4,000 people in the Tuamotu archipelago, with an additional speakers in Tahiti.
Tupaia (also known as Tupaea or Tupia) (c. 1725 – December, 26 1770) was a Tahitian Polynesian navigator and arioi (a kind of priest), originally from the island of Ra'iatea in the Pacific Islands group known to Europeans as the Society Islands.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The University of Auckland (Te Whare Wānanga o Tāmaki Makaurau) is the largest university in New Zealand, located in the country's largest city, Auckland.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
The voiceless bilabial fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in a number of spoken languages.
A vowel diagram or vowel chart is a schematic arrangement of the vowels.
The township of Waihola lies between Dunedin and Milton, New Zealand in Otago, in New Zealand's South Island.
The Waitangi Tribunal (Māori: Te Rōpū Whakamana i te Tiriti o Waitangi) is a New Zealand permanent commission of inquiry established under the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975.
Waka are Māori watercraft, usually canoes ranging in size from small, unornamented canoes (waka tīwai) used for fishing and river travel, to large decorated war canoes (waka taua) up to long.
Wangaloa is a small coastal settlement in South Otago, New Zealand.
Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara) is the capital city and second most populous urban area of New Zealand, with residents.
Whanganui, also spelt Wanganui, is a city on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand.
Whānau is a Māori-language word for extended family, now increasingly entering New Zealand English, particularly in official publications.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
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