118 relations: Amiga, Analog-to-digital converter, Arkanoid, Band-pass filter, Band-stop filter, Ben Daglish, BeOS, Brian Bagnall, C++, C64 Direct-to-TV, Central processing unit, Chiptune, Chris Huelsbeck, Commando (video game), Commodore 128, Commodore 64, Commodore CBM-II, Commodore International, Commodore MAX Machine, Commodore VIC-20, Computer mouse, Computer-aided design, Consumer Electronics Show, Conventional PCI, Creative Micro Designs, Decibel, Delta (video game), Demoscene, Digital signal processor, Digital sound revolution, DIN sync, Direct current, Effects unit, Electronic filter, Electronic musical instrument, Electronic oscillator, Elektron (company), Elektron Monomachine, Elektron SidStation, Engineer, Ensoniq, ESS Technology, Field-programmable gate array, Finders Keepers (1985 video game), Floppy disk, Future US, Game port, Gauntlet (1985 video game), Germany, GNU General Public License, ..., GW-BASIC, HardSID, Hertz, High-pass filter, Home computer, IBM PC compatible, Impossible Mission, Individual Computers, Individual Computers Catweasel, Infinite impulse response, Integrated circuit, International Karate, International Karate +, Jack the Nipper, Jeroen Tel, Light-emitting diode, Liquid-crystal display, List of Ghostbusters video games, Low-pass filter, Macintosh, Martin Galway, MicroProse, MIDI, MIME, Mixed-signal integrated circuit, Monty on the Run, MOS Technology, MOS Technology 6510, MOS Technology VIC, MOS Technology VIC-II, Music sequencer, Next Generation (magazine), NMOS logic, Octave, Open-source model, Oscillator sync, Paddle (game controller), Parallax Propeller, Per Håkan Sundell, PIC microcontroller, POKEY, Programmable sound generator, Pseudorandom noise, Pulse wave, Pulse-code modulation, Pulse-width modulation, ReSID, Ring modulation, Rob Hubbard, Robert Yannes, Roll-off, Sawtooth wave, Sound Blaster, Sound card, Sound chip, Source code, Square wave, Statistical randomness, Sweden, Synthesizer, The Last Ninja, Triangle wave, VICE, Virtual Studio Technology, Waveform, White noise, Wizball, 8-bit. Expand index (68 more) » « Shrink index
The Amiga is a family of personal computers introduced by Commodore in 1985.
In electronics, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC, A/D, or A-to-D) is a system that converts an analog signal, such as a sound picked up by a microphone or light entering a digital camera, into a digital signal.
is an arcade game released by Taito in 1986.
A band-pass filter, also bandpass filter or BPF, is a device that passes frequencies within a certain range and rejects (attenuates) frequencies outside that range.
In signal processing, a band-stop filter or band-rejection filter is a filter that passes most frequencies unaltered, but attenuates those in a specific range to very low levels.
Ben Daglish (born 31 July 1966, London) is a composer and musician.
BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.
Brian Bagnall (born 1981) is an American author, speaker, and coach on the art of being happy.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
The C64 Direct-to-TV, called C64DTV for short, is a single-chip implementation of the Commodore 64 computer, contained in a joystick (modeled after the mid-1980s Competition Pro joystick), with 30 built-in games.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Chiptune, also known as chip music or 8-bit music, is synthesized electronic music which is made for programmable sound generator (PSG) sound chips used in vintage computers, consoles, and arcade machines.
Christopher Hülsbeck (born 2 March 1968), known internationally as Chris Huelsbeck, is a German video game music composer from Kassel, Germany.
Commando, originally released as, is a run and gun, vertically scrolling arcade game released in.
The Commodore 128, also known as the C128, C-128, C.
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
The Commodore CBM-II series is a short-lived range of 8-bit personal computers from Commodore Business Machines (CBM), released in 1982 and intended as a follow-on to the Commodore PET series.
Commodore International (or Commodore International Limited) was an American home computer and electronics manufacturer founded by Jack Tramiel.
The Commodore MAX Machine, also known as Ultimax in the United States and VC-10 in Germany, is a home computer designed and sold by Commodore International in Japan, beginning in early 1982, a predecessor to the popular Commodore 64.
The VIC-20 (in Germany: VC-20; In Japan: VIC-1001) is an 8-bit home computer that was sold by Commodore Business Machines.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
Creative Micro Designs (CMD) was founded in 1987 by Doug Cotton and Mark Fellows.
The decibel (symbol: dB) is a unit of measurement used to express the ratio of one value of a physical property to another on a logarithmic scale.
Delta is a horizontally scrolling shooter computer game originally released for the Commodore 64 by Thalamus Ltd in 1987.
The demoscene is an international computer art subculture focused on producing demos: self-contained, sometimes extremely small, computer programs that produce audio-visual presentations.
A digital signal processor (DSP) is a specialized microprocessor (or a SIP block), with its architecture optimized for the operational needs of digital signal processing.
The digital sound revolution (or digital audio revolution) refers to the widespread adoption of digital audio technology in the computer industry beginning in the 1980s.
The DIN sync standard, also called Sync24, defines an interface for electronic music instruments.
Direct current (DC) is the unidirectional flow of electric charge.
An effects unit or effects pedal is an electronic or digital device that alters the sound of a musical instrument or other audio source.
Electronic filters are circuits which perform signal processing functions, specifically to remove unwanted frequency components from the signal, to enhance wanted ones, or both.
An electronic musical instrument is a musical instrument that produces sound using electronic circuitry.
An electronic oscillator is an electronic circuit that produces a periodic, oscillating electronic signal, often a sine wave or a square wave.
Elektron is a Swedish developer and manufacturer of musical instruments founded in 1998, as well as having its headquarters, R&D and production in Gothenburg, Sweden.
The Elektron Monomachine is a synthesizer and music sequencer by Elektron.
The Elektron SidStation is a musical synthesizer sound module, built around the MOS Technology SID mixed-mode synthesizer chip originally used in the Commodore 64 home computer.
Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are people who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
Ensoniq Corp. was an American electronics manufacturer, best known throughout the mid-1980s and 1990s for its musical instruments, principally samplers and synthesizers.
ESS Technology Incorporated is a private manufacturer of computer multimedia products, Audio DACs and ADCs based in Fremont, California with R&D centers in Kelowna, BC Canada and Beijing, China.
A field-programmable gate array (FPGA) is an integrated circuit designed to be configured by a customer or a designer after manufacturing hence "field-programmable".
Finders Keepers is a computer game written by David Jones and the first game in the Magic Knight series.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Future US, Inc. (formerly known as Imagine Media and The Future Network USA) is an American media corporation specializing in targeted magazines and websites in the video games, music, and technology markets.
The game port, originally introduced on the Game Control Adapter, is a device port that was found on IBM PC compatible and other computer systems throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
Gauntlet is a fantasy-themed hack and slash arcade game by Atari Games.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL) is a widely used free software license, which guarantees end users the freedom to run, study, share and modify the software.
GW-BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language developed by Microsoft from BASICA, originally for Compaq.
The HardSID is a family of sound cards, produced by a Hungarian company Hard Software and originally conceived by Téli Sándor.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
A high-pass filter (HPF) is an electronic filter that passes signals with a frequency higher than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies lower than the cutoff frequency.
Home computers were a class of microcomputers entering the market in 1977, and becoming common during the 1980s.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
Impossible Mission is a video game for several home computers.
Individual Computers is a German computer hardware company specializing in retrocomputing accessories for the Commodore 64, Amiga, and PC platforms.
The Catweasel is a family of enhanced floppy disk controllers from German company Individual Computers.
Infinite impulse response (IIR) is a property applying to many linear time-invariant systems.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
International Karate is a karate fighting game created and published by System 3 for various home computers.
International Karate +, often abbreviated as IK+, is a karate fighting video game published in 1987 by System 3, originally for the Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC and ZX Spectrum.
Jack the Nipper is a video game by Gremlin Graphics released in for ZX Spectrum, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, and MSX.
Jeroen Godfried Tel (born 19 May 1972), also known as WAVE, is a Dutch composer.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.
The list of Ghostbusters video games covers many titles and gaming systems, and encompasses the history of the '''''Ghostbusters''''' media franchise since the original film's release in 1984.
A low-pass filter (LPF) is a filter that passes signals with a frequency lower than a certain cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
Martin Galway (born 3 January 1966, Belfast, Northern Ireland) is one of the best known composers of chiptune video game music for the Commodore 64 sound chip, the SID soundchip, and for the Sinclair ZX Spectrum.
MicroProse Software Inc. was an American video game publisher and developer founded by "Wild" Bill Stealey and Sid Meier in 1982.
MIDI (short for Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a technical standard that describes a communications protocol, digital interface, and electrical connectors that connect a wide variety of electronic musical instruments, computers, and related music and audio devices.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
A mixed-signal integrated circuit is any integrated circuit that has both analog circuits and digital circuits on a single semiconductor die.
Monty on the Run is a computer game created by the software house Gremlin Graphics and released in 1985 for the Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, Amstrad CPC and Commodore 16, written by Peter Harrap for the ZX Spectrum with music by Rob Hubbard.
MOS Technology, Inc. ("MOS" being short for Metal Oxide Semiconductor), also known as CSG (Commodore Semiconductor Group), was a semiconductor design and fabrication company based in Norristown, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
6581 SID. The production week/year (WWYY) of each chip is given below its name. The MOS Technology 6510 is an 8-bit microprocessor designed by MOS Technology.
The VIC (Video Interface Chip), specifically known as the MOS Technology 6560 (NTSC version) / 6561 (PAL version), is the integrated circuit chip responsible for generating video graphics and sound in the Commodore VIC-20 home computer.
The VIC-II (Video Interface Chip II), specifically known as the MOS Technology 6567/8562/8564 (NTSC versions), 6569/8565/8566 (PAL), is the microchip tasked with generating Y/C video signals (combined to composite video in the RF modulator) and DRAM refresh signals in the Commodore 64 and C128 home computers.
A music sequencer (or simply sequencer) is a device or application software that can record, edit, or play back music, by handling note and performance information in several forms, typically CV/Gate, MIDI, or Open Sound Control (OSC), and possibly audio and automation data for DAWs and plug-ins.
Next Generation (also known as NextGen) was a video game magazine that was published by Imagine Media (now Future Network USA).
N-type metal-oxide-semiconductor logic uses n-type field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) to implement logic gates and other digital circuits.
In music, an octave (octavus: eighth) or perfect octave is the interval between one musical pitch and another with half or double its frequency.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Oscillator sync is a feature in some synthesizers with two or more VCOs, DCOs, or "virtual" oscillators.
A paddle is a game controller with a round wheel and one or more fire buttons, where the wheel is typically used to control movement of the player object along one axis of the video screen.
The Parallax P8X32A Propeller is a multi-core processor parallel computer architecture microcontroller chip with eight 32-bit reduced instruction set computer (RISC) central processing unit (CPU) cores.
Per Håkan Sundell (born 1968, Sweden) is a programmer and computer scientist with roots in the scene and early computer enthusiasts of the eighties, when he was known as PHS of CCS (Computerbrains Cracking Service).
PIC (usually pronounced as "pick") is a family of microcontrollers made by Microchip Technology, derived from the PIC1650"PICmicro Family Tree", PIC16F Seminar Presentation originally developed by General Instrument's Microelectronics Division.
The Pot Keyboard Integrated Circuit (POKEY) is a digital I/O chip designed for the Atari 8-bit family of home computers and found in Atari arcade games of the 1980s.
A programmable sound generator, or PSG, is a sound chip that generates sound waves by synthesizing multiple basic waveforms, and often some kind of noise generator (all controlled by writing data to dedicated registers in the sound chip, hence the name) and combining and mixing these waveforms into a complex waveform, then shaping the amplitude envelope of the resulting waveform using attack, decay, sustain, and release time periods, so that the resulting waveform then mimics a certain kind of sound.
In cryptography, pseudorandom noise (PRN) is a signal similar to noise which satisfies one or more of the standard tests for statistical randomness.
A pulse wave or pulse train is a kind of non-sinusoidal waveform that includes square waves (duty cycle of 50%) and similarly periodic but asymmetrical waves (duty cycles other than 50%).
Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.
Pulse-width modulation (PWM), or pulse-duration modulation (PDM), is a modulation technique used to encode a message into a pulsing signal.
reSID is a reverse engineered software emulation of the MOS6581 SID (Sound Interface Device) chip programmed by Dag Lem.
In electronics, ring modulation is a signal-processing function, an implementation of frequency mixing, performed by multiplying two signals, where one is typically a sine wave or another simple waveform and the other is the signal to be modulated.
Rob Hubbard (born 1955 in Kingston upon Hull, England) is a British composer best known for his composition of computer game theme music, especially for microcomputers of the 1980s such as the Commodore 64.
Robert Yannes (born 1957) is an American electronic engineer who designed the SID audio generator chip for the Commodore 64 and co-founded digital synthesizer company Ensoniq.
Roll-off is the steepness of a transmission function with frequency, particularly in electrical network analysis, and most especially in connection with filter circuits in the transition between a passband and a stopband.
The sawtooth wave (or saw wave) is a kind of non-sinusoidal waveform.
The Sound Blaster family of sound cards was the de facto standard for consumer audio on the IBM PC compatible system platform, until the widespread transition to Microsoft Windows 95, which standardized the programming interface at application level (eliminating the importance of backward compatibility with Sound Blaster), and the evolution in PC design led to onboard motherboard-audio, which commoditized PC audio functionality.
A sound card (also known as an audio card) is an internal expansion card that provides input and output of audio signals to and from a computer under control of computer programs.
A sound chip is an integrated circuit (i.e. "chip") designed to produce sound.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
A square wave is a non-sinusoidal periodic waveform in which the amplitude alternates at a steady frequency between fixed minimum and maximum values, with the same duration at minimum and maximum.
A numeric sequence is said to be statistically random when it contains no recognizable patterns or regularities; sequences such as the results of an ideal dice roll or the digits of π exhibit statistical randomness.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
The Last Ninja is an action-adventure game originally developed and published by System 3 in 1987 for the Commodore 64.
A triangle wave is a non-sinusoidal waveform named for its triangular shape.
The software program VICE, standing for VersatIle Commodore Emulator, is a free and cross platform emulator for Commodore's 8-bit computers.
Virtual Studio Technology (VST) is an audio plug-in software interface that integrates software synthesizer and effects in digital audio workstations.
A waveform is the shape and form of a signal such as a wave moving in a physical medium or an abstract representation.
In signal processing, white noise is a random signal having equal intensity at different frequencies, giving it a constant power spectral density.
Wizball is a computer game written by Jon Hare and Chris Yates (who together formed the company Sensible Software) and released in 1987 originally for the Commodore 64 and later in the year for the ZX Spectrum and Amstrad CPC.
8-bit is also a generation of microcomputers in which 8-bit microprocessors were the norm.
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