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Index MUD

A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based. [1]

190 relations: A Story About a Tree, AberMUD, Aberystwyth University, Achaea, Dreams of Divine Lands, Acorn Archimedes, Adventure game, Alan Cox, American Chemical Society, Analytical chemistry, Analytical Chemistry (journal), AOL, ARPANET, ASCII, Avalon: The Legend Lives, Avatar (computing), B (programming language), Bartle taxonomy of player types, BCPL, Ben Laurie, Brad McQuaid, Brian Green (game developer), Bulletin board system, C (programming language), CDC Cyber, Character class, Chip Morningstar, Codebase, Colossal Cave Adventure, Communication, Compound (linguistics), Compunet, CompuServe, Computer graphics, Computer science, Constructionism (learning theory), Cyberformance, Cybersex, Dark Age of Camelot, Daybreak Game Company, Debian, Designing Virtual Worlds, Digital architecture, Digital Equipment Corporation, DikuMUD, Discworld MUD, Diversity University, Dnd (video game), Don Woods (programmer), Dragon's Gate, DragonRealms, ..., Dungeon Master, Dungeons & Dragons, Dworkin's Game Driver, Economics, EverQuest, Experience point, Fantasy, Federation II, Forth (programming language), Fortran, Game mechanics, Gameplay, GemStone IV, GEnie, Genocide (online game), Geoinformatics, GodWars, Habitat (video game), Hack and slash, Health informatics, IBM Personal Computer XT, Indra Sinha, Interactive fiction, Interplay Entertainment, Island of Kesmai, J. Todd Coleman, James Aspnes, JANET, John Wiley & Sons, Joystiq, Kelton Flinn, Kesmai, Lars Pensjö, Law, LegendMUD, Life on the Screen, List of MUDs, Lists of fictional species, Lost Souls (online game), LPC (programming language), LPMud, Lucasfilm, Mainframe computer, Mark Jacobs (game designer), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Matt Firor, MECC, Merc (MUD), Meridian 59, Michael Lawrie, MicroMUSE, Micronet 800, Minneapolis, MIT Press, Modem, Monster, MOO, MorgenGrauen, Moria (PLATO), MS-DOS, MU*, MUD, MUD client, MUD trees, MUD1, Muddy Waters (video game), Mudflation, MudOS, Multiplayer video game, MUSH, Natural language, New York Law School, Nightmare LPMud, Non-game, Non-player character, Online chat, Online creation, Online service provider, Online text-based role-playing game, Pascal (programming language), PDP-10, Pedit5, Persistent world, Personal computer, Pike (programming language), PLATO (computer system), Player versus environment, Player versus player, Porting, Portmanteau, Prestel, Prima Games, Pun, Quest (gaming), Randy Farmer, Raph Koster, Red Hat, Rich Skrenta, Richard Bartle, Richard Garriott, Roguelike, Role-playing, Role-playing game, Role-playing video game, RuneScape, Sams Publishing, Science fiction, Second Life, Shattered World, Sherry Turkle, Simon & Schuster, SMAUG, Sociology, Talker, Telnet, Text-based game, The Lord of the Rings, The Mud Connector, TinyMUCK, TinyMUD, Turing completeness, Ubuntu (operating system), Ultima Online, University of Essex, University of Virginia, Unix, User interface, VAX, Video game clone, Video game genre, Viking Press, Virtual economy, Virtual machine, Virtual world, William Crowther (programmer), Wired (magazine), X.25, Zork, 4X. Expand index (140 more) »

A Story About a Tree

"A Story About a Tree" is a short essay and an epitaph written by Raph Koster, regarding the alleged death of a LegendMUD player named Karyn.

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AberMUD was the first popular open source MUD.

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Aberystwyth University

Aberystwyth University (Prifysgol Aberystwyth) is a public research university in Aberystwyth, Wales.

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Achaea, Dreams of Divine Lands

Achaea, Dreams of Divine Lands is a roleplay-focused, text-based multi-user dungeon (MUD) released on September 9, 1997.

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Acorn Archimedes

The Acorn Archimedes is a family of personal computers designed by Acorn Computers Ltd in Cambridge (England) and sold in the late-1980s to mid-1990s, Acorn's first general-purpose home computer based on its own ARM architecture (initially the CPU and architecture was known as Acorn RISC Machine, or ARM; it later became one of the most widely used CPU architectures in the world, used in most smartphones among many other uses).

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Adventure game

An adventure game is a video game in which the player assumes the role of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and puzzle-solving.

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Alan Cox

Alan Cox (born 22 July 1968) is a British computer programmer who has been a key figure in the development of Linux.

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American Chemical Society

The American Chemical Society (ACS) is a scientific society based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of chemistry.

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Analytical chemistry

Analytical chemistry studies and uses instruments and methods used to separate, identify, and quantify matter.

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Analytical Chemistry (journal)

Analytical Chemistry is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 1929 by the American Chemical Society.

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AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.

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The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.

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ASCII, abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication.

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Avalon: The Legend Lives

Avalon: The Legend Lives is a text-based online multi-player role-playing game world that was first released on 28 October 1989 at the gaming convention Adventure 89.

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Avatar (computing)

In computing, an avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character.

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B (programming language)

B is a programming language developed at Bell Labs circa 1969.

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Bartle taxonomy of player types

The Bartle taxonomy of player types is a classification of video game players (gamers) based on a 1996 paper by Richard Bartle according to their preferred actions within the game.

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BCPL ("Basic Combined Programming Language"; or 'Before C Programming Language' (a common humorous backronym)) is a procedural, imperative, and structured computer programming language.

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Ben Laurie

Ben Laurie is a software engineer, protocol designer and cryptographer.

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Brad McQuaid

Brad McQuaid is an American video game designer who was the key designer of EverQuest, a highly successful massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 1999.

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Brian Green (game developer)

Brian "Psychochild" Green is an American software engineer, game developer and game designer known for his work on the online 3D graphical RPG, Meridian 59.

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Bulletin board system

A bulletin board system or BBS (also called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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CDC Cyber

The CDC Cyber range of mainframe-class supercomputers were the primary products of Control Data Corporation (CDC) during the 1970s and 1980s.

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Character class

In role-playing games (RPG), a character class is a job or profession commonly used to differentiate the abilities of different game characters.

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Chip Morningstar

Chip Morningstar is an author, developer, programmer and designer of software systems, mainly for online entertainment and communication.

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In software development, a codebase (or code base) refers to a whole collection of source code that is used to build a particular software system, application, or software component.

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Colossal Cave Adventure

Colossal Cave Adventure (also known as ADVENT, Colossal Cave, or Adventure) is a text adventure game, developed originally in 1976, by Will Crowther for the PDP-10 mainframe.

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Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.

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Compound (linguistics)

In linguistics, a compound is a lexeme (less precisely, a word) that consists of more than one stem.

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Compunet was a United Kingdom based interactive service provider, catering primarily for the Commodore 64 but later for the Commodore Amiga and Atari ST.

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CompuServe (CompuServe Information Service, also known by its initialism CIS) was the first major commercial online service provider in the United States.

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Computer graphics

Computer graphics are pictures and films created using computers.

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Computer science

Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.

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Constructionism (learning theory)

Constructionist learning is when learners construct mental models to understand the world around them.

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Cyberformance refers to live theatrical performances in which remote participants are enabled to work together in real time through the medium of the internet, employing technologies such as chat applications or purpose-built, multiuser, real-time collaborative software (for example, UpStage, Visitors Studio, the Waterwheel Tap, MOOs, and other platforms).

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Cybersex, also called computer sex, Internet sex, netsex and, colloquially, cyber or cybering, is a virtual sex encounter in which two or more people connected remotely via computer network send each other sexually explicit messages describing a sexual experience.

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Dark Age of Camelot

Dark Age of Camelot (DAoC) is a 3D medieval fantasy MMORPG, released on October 10, 2001 in North America and in Europe shortly after through its partner GOA.

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Daybreak Game Company

Daybreak Game Company LLC is an American video game developer based in San Diego.

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Debian is a Unix-like computer operating system that is composed entirely of free software, and packaged by a group of individuals participating in the Debian Project.

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Designing Virtual Worlds

Designing Virtual Worlds is a book about the practice of virtual world development by Richard Bartle.

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Digital architecture

Digital architecture uses computer modeling, programming, simulation and imaging to create both virtual forms and physical structures.

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Digital Equipment Corporation

Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.

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DikuMUD is a multiplayer text-based role-playing game, which is a type of MUD.

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Discworld MUD

Discworld MUD is a popular MUD, a text-based online role-playing game, set in the Discworld as depicted in the Discworld series of books by Terry Pratchett.

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Diversity University

Diversity University was the first MOO dedicated specifically for education.

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Dnd (video game)

dnd is a role-playing video game.

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Don Woods (programmer)

Don Woods (born April 30, 1954) is an American perennial hacker and computer programmer.

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Dragon's Gate

Dragon's Gate was an interactive, real time, text-based multi user online fantasy role-playing game, sometimes referred to as a MUD.

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DragonRealms is a medieval fantasy game set in the world of Elanthia.

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Dungeon Master

In the Dungeons & Dragons (D&D) role-playing game, the Dungeon Master (often abbreviated as DM) is the game organizer and participant in charge of creating the details and challenges of a given adventure, while maintaining a realistic continuity of events.

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Dungeons & Dragons

Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&DMead, Malcomson; ''Dungeons & Dragons'' FAQ or DnD) is a fantasy tabletop role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson.

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Dworkin's Game Driver

DGD, Dworkin's Game Driver (at one time called Dworkin's Generic Driver), is an LPMud server written by Felix A. "Dworkin" Croes.

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Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

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EverQuest is a 3D fantasy-themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by Sony Online Entertainment, and released on March 16, 1999.

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Experience point

An experience point (often abbreviated to exp or XP) is a unit of measurement used in tabletop role-playing games (RPGs) and role-playing video games to quantify a player character's progression through the game.

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Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.

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Federation II

Federation II is an online text-based game also known as Federation 2 or Fed2.

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Forth (programming language)

Forth is an imperative stack-based computer programming language and environment originally designed by Charles "Chuck" Moore.

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Fortran (formerly FORTRAN, derived from Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, compiled imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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Game mechanics

Game mechanics are constructs of rules or methods designed for interaction with the game state, thus providing gameplay.

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Gameplay is the specific way in which players interact with a game, and in particular with video games.

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GemStone IV

GemStone IV is a multiplayer text-based online role-playing video game (often known as a MUD) produced by Simutronics.

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GEnie (General Electric Network for Information Exchange) was an online service created by a General Electric business, GEIS (now GXS), that ran from 1985 through the end of 1999.

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Genocide (online game)

Genocide is a MUD, a text-based online game, focused exclusively on player-killing.

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Geoinformatics is the science and the technology which develops and uses information science infrastructure to address the problems of geography, cartography, geosciences and related branches of science and engineering.

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GodWars is a family of MUD engines derived from Merc, created in 1995 by Richard Woolcock, also known as "KaVir".

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Habitat (video game)

Habitat is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by LucasArts.

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Hack and slash

Hack and slash, or hack and slay (H&S or HnS), refers to a type of gameplay that emphasizes combat.

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Health informatics

Health informatics (also called health care informatics, healthcare informatics, medical informatics, nursing informatics, clinical informatics, or biomedical informatics) is information engineering applied to the field of health care, essentially the management and use of patient healthcare information.

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IBM Personal Computer XT

The IBM Personal Computer XT, often shortened to the IBM XT, PC XT, or simply XT, is a version of the IBM PC with a built-in hard drive.

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Indra Sinha

Indra Sinha (born 1950 in Colaba, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India) is a British writer of Indian and English descent.

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Interactive fiction

Interactive fiction, often abbreviated IF, is software simulating environments in which players use text commands to control characters and influence the environment.

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Interplay Entertainment

Interplay Entertainment Corp. is an American video game distributor, developer and publisher, founded in 1983 as Interplay Productions by Brian Fargo, Troy Worrell, Jay Patel and Rebecca Heineman.

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Island of Kesmai

Island of Kesmai was an early commercial online game in the MUD genre, innovative in its use of roguelike pseudo-graphics.

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J. Todd Coleman


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James Aspnes

James Aspnes is a professor in Computer Science at Yale University.

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Janet is a high-speed network for the UK research and education community provided by Jisc, a not-for-profit company set up to provide computing support for education.

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John Wiley & Sons

John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.

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Joystiq was a video gaming blog founded in June 2004 as part of the Weblogs, Inc. family of weblogs, now owned by AOL.

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Kelton Flinn

Kelton Flinn is an American computer game designer who is a major pioneer in online games.

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Kesmai was a pioneering game developer and online game publisher, founded in 1981 by Kelton Flinn and John Taylor.

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Lars Pensjö

Lars Pensjö of Sweden is the original author of the LPMud MUD engine and the LPC programming language, and is one of the founders of Genesis LPMud, notable for their part in the history of MMORPGs as well as the Pike programming language.

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Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.

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LegendMUD is a text-only MUD game founded by a group of friends including virtual world designer Raph Koster.

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Life on the Screen

Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet is a book by clinical psychologist and professor Sherry Turkle.

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List of MUDs

This is a chronological list of notable MUDs with summary information.

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Lists of fictional species

There are a number of lists of fictional species.

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Lost Souls (online game)

Lost Souls is a MUD, a text-based online role-playing game set in a medieval fantasy world.

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LPC (programming language)

LPC (short for Lars Pensjö C) is an object-oriented programming language derived from C and developed originally by Lars Pensjö to facilitate MUD building on LPMuds.

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LPMud, abbreviated LP, is a family of MUD server software.

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Lucasfilm Ltd.

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Mainframe computer

Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.

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Mark Jacobs (game designer)

Mark Jacobs is an American game designer, programmer, author and businessman, and the former GM/VP/CEO of Mythic Entertainment, Inc.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Massively multiplayer online role-playing game

Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.

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Matt Firor

Matt Firor is a video game producer and designer of massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs).

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The Minnesota Educational Computing Consortium (later Corporation), most commonly known as MECC, was an organization founded in 1973.

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Merc (MUD)

Merc is a MUD engine derived from Copper, which in turn was based on DikuMUD.

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Meridian 59

Meridian 59 is a 1995 video game developed by Archetype Interactive and published by The 3DO Company.

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Michael Lawrie

Michael Lawrie (born 17 April 1968) is a British computer security and social networking expert known for many things ranging from running MUDs to accidentally being the world's first Cybersquatter.

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MicroMUSE is a MUD started in 1990.

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Micronet 800

Micronet 800 was an information provider (IP) on Prestel, aimed at the 1980s personal computer market.

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Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County, and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States.

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MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

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A modem (modulator–demodulator) is a network hardware device that modulates one or more carrier wave signals to encode digital information for transmission and demodulates signals to decode the transmitted information.

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A monster is a creature which produces fear or physical harm by its appearance or its actions.

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A MOO (MUD, object-oriented) is a text-based online virtual reality system to which multiple users (players) are connected at the same time.

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MorgenGrauen, abbreviated MG, is a German-language MUD, a text-based online role-playing game, founded in 1992 and opened to the public in 1993.

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Moria (PLATO)

Moria is a dungeon crawl style role-playing video game first developed for the PLATO system around 1975, with copyright dates listed as 1978 and 1984.

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MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.

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MU* is an abbreviation which refers collectively to a family of text-based multi-user virtual world servers comprising.

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A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based.

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MUD client

A MUD client is a computer application used to connect to a MUD, a type of multiplayer online game.

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MUD trees

The MUD trees below depict hierarchies of derivation among MUD codebases.

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Multi-User Dungeon, or MUD (referred to as MUD1, to distinguish it from its successor, MUD2, and the MUD genre in general) is an early MUD and one of the oldest examples of a virtual world in existence.

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Muddy Waters (video game)

Muddy Waters, frequently abbreviated MW, is a long-running MUD, a text-based online role-playing game, founded in 1993.

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Mudflation, from MUD and inflation, is an economic issue that exists in massively multiplayer online games.

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MudOS is a major family of LPMud server software, implementing its own variant of the LPC programming language.

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Multiplayer video game

A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.

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In multiplayer online games, a MUSH (a backronymed pun on MUD most often expanded as Multi-User Shared Hallucination, though Multi-User Shared Hack, Habitat, and Holodeck are also observed) is a text-based online social medium to which multiple users are connected at the same time.

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Natural language

In neuropsychology, linguistics, and the philosophy of language, a natural language or ordinary language is any language that has evolved naturally in humans through use and repetition without conscious planning or premeditation.

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New York Law School

New York Law School is an ABA-accredited private law school that was founded in 1891 in the Tribeca neighborhood of Lower Manhattan in New York City.

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Nightmare LPMud

Nightmare LPMud, founded in 1992, was one of the oldest continually running LPMuds still played until its closure on September 12, 2005.

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Non-games are a class of software on the border between video games and toys.

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Non-player character

A non-player character (NPC) in a game is any character that is not controlled by a player.

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Online chat

Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver.

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Online creation

Online creation, also referred to as OLC, online coding, online building, and online editing, is a software feature of MUDs that allows users to edit a virtual world from within the game itself.

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Online service provider

An online service provider can, for example, be an Internet service provider, an email provider, a news provider (press), an entertainment provider (music, movies), a search engine, an e-commerce site, an online banking site, a health site, an official government site, social media, a wiki, or a Usenet newsgroup.

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Online text-based role-playing game

An online text-based role playing game is a role-playing game played online using a solely text-based interface.

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Pascal (programming language)

Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.

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The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.

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pedit5, alternately called The Dungeon is a 1975 dungeon crawl video game developed for the PLATO system by Rusty Rutherford.

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Persistent world

A persistent world or persistent state world (PSW) is a virtual world which, by the definition by Richard Bartle, "continues to exist and develop internally even when there are no people interacting with it".

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Personal computer

A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.

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Pike (programming language)

Pike is an interpreted, general-purpose, high-level, cross-platform, dynamic programming language, with a syntax similar to that of C. Unlike many other dynamic languages, Pike is both statically and dynamically typed, and requires explicit type definitions.

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PLATO (computer system)

PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations) was the first generalized computer-assisted instruction system.

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Player versus environment

Player versus environment, or PvE (also known as player versus monster, or PvM in some communities), is a term used in online games, particularly MMORPGs, CORPGs, MUDs, and other online role-playing video games, to refer to fighting computer-controlled enemies—in contrast to PvP (player versus player).

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Player versus player

Player(s) versus player(s), better known as PvP, is a type of multiplayer interactive conflict within a game between two or more live participants.

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In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).

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A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.

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Prestel (abbrev. from press telephone), the brand name for the UK Post Office's Viewdata technology, was an interactive videotex system developed during the late 1970s and commercially launched in 1979.

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Prima Games

Prima Games is the largest publishing company of video game strategy guides in the United States.

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The pun, also called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

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Quest (gaming)

A quest, or mission, is a task in video games that a player-controlled character, party, or group of characters may complete in order to gain a reward.

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Randy Farmer


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Raph Koster

Raphael "Raph" Koster (born September 7, 1971) is an American entrepreneur, game designer, and author of A Theory of Fun for Game Design.

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Red Hat

Red Hat, Inc. is an American multinational software company providing open-source software products to the enterprise community.

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Rich Skrenta

Richard "Rich" Skrenta (born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a computer programmer and Silicon Valley entrepreneur who created the web search engine blekko.

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Richard Bartle

Richard Allan Bartle FBCS FRSA (born 10 January 1960) is a British writer, professor and game researcher.

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Richard Garriott

Richard Garriott de Cayeux (born Richard Allen Garriott; July 4, 1961) is an English-American video game developer and entrepreneur.

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Roguelike is a subgenre of role-playing video game characterized by a dungeon crawl through procedurally generated levels, turn-based gameplay, tile-based graphics, and permanent death of the player character.

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Role-playing is the changing of one's behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role.

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Role-playing game

A role-playing game (sometimes spelled roleplaying game and abbreviated to RPG) is a game in which players assume the roles of characters in a fictional setting.

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Role-playing video game

A role-playing video game (commonly referred to as simply a role-playing game or an RPG as well as a computer role-playing game or a CRPG) is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character (and/or several party members) immersed in some well-defined world.

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RuneScape is a fantasy MMORPG developed and published by Jagex, which released in January 2001.

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Sams Publishing

Sams Publishing is dedicated to the publishing of technical training manuals and is an imprint of Pearson plc, the global publishing and education company.

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Science fiction

Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.

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Second Life

Second Life is an online virtual world, developed and owned by the San Francisco-based firm Linden Lab and launched on June 23, 2003.

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Shattered World

Shattered World is a long-running MUD founded in August 1990, and is the first Australian LPMud.

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Sherry Turkle

Sherry Turkle (born June 18, 1948) is the Abby Rockefeller Mauzé Professor of the Social Studies of Science and Technology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Simon & Schuster

Simon & Schuster, Inc., a subsidiary of CBS Corporation, is an American publishing company founded in New York City in 1924 by Richard Simon and Max Schuster.

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SMAUG (Simulated Medieval Adventure Multi-User Game) is a Merc and DikuMUD derived MUD server.

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Sociology is the scientific study of society, patterns of social relationships, social interaction, and culture.

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A talker is a chat system that people use to talk to each other over the Internet.

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Telnet is a protocol used on the Internet or local area network to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a virtual terminal connection.

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Text-based game

A text game or text-based game is a video game that uses text characters instead of bitmap or vector graphics.

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The Lord of the Rings

The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by English author and scholar J. R. R. Tolkien.

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The Mud Connector

The Mud Connector, abbreviated TMC, is a computer gaming website that provides articles, discussions, reviews, resource links and game listings about MUDs.

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TinyMUCK or, more broadly, a MUCK, is a type of user-extendable online text-based role-playing game, designed for role playing and social interaction.

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TinyMUD is the name of a MUD server codebase, and the first MUD running that codebase.

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Turing completeness

In computability theory, a system of data-manipulation rules (such as a computer's instruction set, a programming language, or a cellular automaton) is said to be Turing complete or computationally universal if it can be used to simulate any Turing machine.

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Ubuntu (operating system)

Ubuntu (stylized as ubuntu) is a free and open source operating system and Linux distribution based on Debian.

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Ultima Online

Ultima Online (UO) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG), released on September 24, 1997, by Origin Systems.

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University of Essex

The University of Essex is a public research university in Essex, England.

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University of Virginia

The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA), frequently referred to simply as Virginia, is a public research university and the flagship for the Commonwealth of Virginia.

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Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.

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User interface

The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.

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VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.

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Video game clone

A video game clone is either a video game (or series) which is very similar to or heavily inspired by a previous popular game or series.

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Video game genre

A video game genre is a classification assigned to a video game based on its gameplay interaction rather than visual or narrative differences.

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Viking Press

Viking Press is an American publishing company now owned by Penguin Random House.

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Virtual economy

A virtual economy (or sometimes synthetic economy) is an emergent economy existing in a virtual world, usually exchanging virtual goods in the context of an Internet game.

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Virtual machine

In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.

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Virtual world

A virtual world is a computer-based simulated environment which may be populated by many users who can create a personal avatar, and simultaneously and independently explore the virtual world, participate in its activities and communicate with others.

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William Crowther (programmer)

William ("Willie" or "Will") Crowther (born 1936) is a computer programmer and caver.

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Wired (magazine)

Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.

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X.25 is an ITU-T standard protocol suite for packet switched wide area network (WAN) communication.

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Zork is one of the earliest interactive fiction computer games, with roots drawn from the original genre game Colossal Cave Adventure.

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4X is a genre of strategy-based video and board games in which players control an empire and "eXplore, eXpand, eXploit, and eXterminate".

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MUD

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