48 relations: Advanced and retracted tongue root, Alveolar consonant, Alveolo-palatal consonant, Asa people, Back vowel, Camus people, Central vowel, Close vowel, Demonstrative, Eastern Nilotic languages, Eastern Sudanic languages, English language, Exonym and endonym, Flap consonant, Fortis and lenis, Fricative consonant, Front vowel, Glottal consonant, Glottal stop, Implosive consonant, Kenya, Kwavi dialect, Kwavi people, Labial consonant, Lateral consonant, Maa languages, Maasai people, Mid vowel, Nasal consonant, Noun phrase, Open vowel, Palatal consonant, Possessive, Preposition and postposition, Samburu language, Samburu people, Semivowel, Sonjo language, Stop consonant, Swahili language, Tanzania, Tone (linguistics), Trill consonant, Velar consonant, Verb–subject–object, Voicelessness, Vowel harmony, Yaaku people.
In phonetics, advanced tongue root and retracted tongue root, abbreviated ATR or RTR, are contrasting states of the root of the tongue during the pronunciation of vowels in some languages, especially in Western and Eastern Africa but also in Kazakh and Mongolian.
Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth.
In phonetics, alveolo-palatal (or alveopalatal) consonants, sometimes synonymous with pre-palatal consonants, are intermediate in articulation between the coronal and dorsal consonants, or which have simultaneous alveolar and palatal articulation.
The Assa are an ethnic group based on the Maasai Steppe in Manyara Region, Tanzania.
A back vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in spoken languages.
The Ilchamus (sometimes spelled Camus or Iltiamus, also known as Njemps), are a Maa-speaking people living south and southeast of Lake Baringo, Kenya.
A central vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages.
A close vowel, also known as a high vowel (in American terminology), is any in a class of vowel sound used in many spoken languages.
Demonstratives (abbreviated) are words, such as this and that, used to indicate which entities are being referred to and to distinguish those entities from others.
The Eastern Nilotic languages are one of the three primary branches of the Nilotic languages, themselves belonging to the Eastern Sudanic subfamily of Nilo-Saharan; they are believed to have begun to diverge about 3,000 years ago, and have spread southwards from an original home in Equatoria in South Sudan.
In most classifications, the Eastern Sudanic languages are a group of nine families of languages that may constitute a branch of the Nilo-Saharan language family.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
An exonym or xenonym is an external name for a geographical place, or a group of people, an individual person, or a language or dialect.
In phonetics, a flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator (such as the tongue) is thrown against another.
In linguistics, fortis and lenis (Latin for "strong" and "weak"), sometimes identified with '''tense''' and '''lax''', are pronunciations of consonants with relatively greater and lesser energy.
Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel made by placing two articulators close together.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
Glottal consonants are consonants using the glottis as their primary articulation.
The glottal stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spoken languages, produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract or, more precisely, the glottis.
Implosive consonants are a group of stop consonants (and possibly also some affricates) with a mixed glottalic ingressive and pulmonic egressive airstream mechanism.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kwavi is the dialect of Maasai spoken by the Kwavi people (a.k.a. Parakuyo or Baraguyu) of Tanzania.
The Kwavi are a pastoralist ethnic and linguistic group based in Tanzania, with a 1957 census population of 7,378.
Labial consonants are consonants in which one or both lips are the active articulator.
A lateral is an l-like consonant in which the airstream proceeds along the sides of the tongue, but it is blocked by the tongue from going through the middle of the mouth.
The Maa languages are a group of closely related Eastern Nilotic languages (or from a linguistic perspective, dialects, as they appear to be mutually intelligible) spoken in parts of Kenya and Tanzania by more than a million speakers.
Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting central and southern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
A mid vowel (or a true-mid vowel) is any in a class of vowel sounds used in some spoken languages.
In phonetics, a nasal, also called a nasal occlusive, nasal stop in contrast with a nasal fricative, or nasal continuant, is an occlusive consonant produced with a lowered velum, allowing air to escape freely through the nose.
A noun phrase or nominal phrase (abbreviated NP) is a phrase which has a noun (or indefinite pronoun) as its head, or which performs the same grammatical function as such a phrase.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
Palatal consonants are consonants articulated with the body of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).
A possessive form (abbreviated) is a word or grammatical construction used to indicate a relationship of possession in a broad sense.
Prepositions and postpositions, together called adpositions (or broadly, in English, simply prepositions), are a class of words used to express spatial or temporal relations (in, under, towards, before) or mark various semantic roles (of, for).
Samburu is a Maa language dialect spoken by Samburu pastoralists in northern Kenya.
Samburu are a Nilotic people of north-central Kenya.
In phonetics and phonology, a semivowel or glide, also known as a non-syllabic vocoid, is a sound that is phonetically similar to a vowel sound but functions as the syllable boundary, rather than as the nucleus of a syllable.
Sonjo, or Temi, is a Bantu language spoken in northern Tanzania, 30–40 miles west of Lake Natron.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
Swahili, also known as Kiswahili (translation: coast language), is a Bantu language and the first language of the Swahili people.
Tanzania, officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a sovereign state in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region.
Tone is the use of pitch in language to distinguish lexical or grammatical meaning – that is, to distinguish or to inflect words.
In phonetics, a trill is a consonantal sound produced by vibrations between the active articulator and passive articulator.
Velars are consonants articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate, the back part of the roof of the mouth (known also as the velum).
In linguistic typology, a verb–subject–object (VSO) language is one in which the most typical sentences arrange their elements in that order, as in Ate Sam oranges (Sam ate oranges).
In linguistics, voicelessness is the property of sounds being pronounced without the larynx vibrating.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
The Yaaku, also called Mukogodo-Maasai, are a people living in the Mukogodo forest west of Mount Kenya, a division of the Laikipia County of The former Rift Valley Province, Kenya.