293 relations: Address Book (application), Adobe FrameMaker, Adobe PageMaker, Adobe Systems, Advanced Encryption Standard, All Things Digital, Android (operating system), AOL, Aperture (software), App Store (macOS), Appearance Manager, Apple Books, Apple Color Emoji, Apple community, Apple Developer, Apple File System, Apple Inc., Apple Maps, Apple Photos, Apple Remote, Apple Store, Apple TV, Apple Watch, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Apple's transition to Intel processors, AppleScript, Application programming interface, Aqua (user interface), Arabic numerals, Ars Technica, ATI Technologies, Backup software, Backward compatibility, Baidu, Basilisk II, BBC, Berkeley Software Distribution, Big cat, Binary translation, Boot Camp (software), Bruce Tognazzini, Brushed metal (interface), C (programming language), C++, Calendar (Apple), California, Carbon (API), Carnegie Mellon University, Case sensitivity, CBS Interactive, ..., China, Chinese characters, Classic Mac OS, CNET, Cocoa (API), Code name, Code signing, Colorfulness, Command-line interface, Commercial software, Comparison of BSD operating systems, Comparison of operating systems, Compiler, Complaint, Computer Weekly, Computer worm, Condé Nast, Copland (operating system), Copyright, Core Image, Core Video, Cover Flow, Cross-platform, Darwin (operating system), Dashboard (macOS), Development of Windows Vista, Dialog box, Dock (macOS), Dow Jones & Company, Drop shadow, Embedded operating system, Emoji, End-user license agreement, Endianness, Engadget, EWeek, Facebook, Fast user switching, File system, File system permissions, FileMaker, FileVault, Final Cut Pro, Finder (software), Fink, Free software, Front Row (software), Game Center, GarageBand, Gatekeeper (macOS), GeForce 2 series, Gizmodo, Grand Central Dispatch, Graphical user interface, Hackintosh, HFS Plus, Homebrew (package management software), Human interface guidelines, Hybrid kernel, IA-32, IBook, IChat, ICloud, IEEE 1394, ILife, IMac, IMessage, Integrated development environment, Intel, International Data Group, IOS, IOS 7, IOS 8, IPhone, IPhoto, IPod, IPod Classic, ITunes, IWork, Java (software platform), John Gruber, Kernel (operating system), Kernel panic, Keynote (presentation software), Landmark, Launchpad (macOS), Linus Torvalds, Linux, List of Macintosh software, List of macOS components, List of macOS technologies, List of operating systems, Logic Pro, Mac Defender, Mac OS 8, Mac OS 9, Mac OS X 10.0, Mac OS X 10.1, Mac OS X 10.2, Mac OS X Leopard, Mac OS X Lion, Mac OS X Panther, Mac OS X Public Beta, Mac OS X Server 1.0, Mac OS X Snow Leopard, Mac OS X Tiger, MacBook, Mach (kernel), Macintosh, Macintosh operating systems, Macintosh startup, MacOS High Sierra, MacOS Server, MacOS Sierra, MacPorts, MacRumors, Macworld, Mail (Apple), Malware, Memory protection, Messages (Apple), Metal (API), Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Office 2016, Microsoft Windows, Mission Control (macOS), MobileMe, Motorola 68000 series, Multi-touch, Multimedia, NetEase, New World ROM, NeXT, NeXTSTEP, Nomenclature, Notes (Apple), Notification Center, Nvidia, Object-oriented programming, Objective-C, Open Firmware, Open-source software, OpenCL, OpenGL, OpenStep, Operating system, OS X El Capitan, OS X Mavericks, OS X Mountain Lion, OS X Yosemite, PDF, Pkgsrc, Portmanteau, POSIX, Power Mac G5, Power Macintosh, PowerBook, PowerBook G3, PowerPC, Preemption (computing), Printing, Programming language, Proprietary software, Psystar Corporation, Quartz (graphics layer), Quartz Compositor, Quick Look, QuickTime, Radeon, Random-access memory, Reed Business Information, Repair permissions, Retina Display, Rhapsody (operating system), Roman numerals, Rosetta (software), Safari (web browser), San Francisco (sans-serif typeface), Sandbox (computer security), Scott Forstall, Screen Sharing, SheepShaver, Sina Weibo, Single UNIX Specification, Siri, Skin (computing), Software development, Software framework, Software widget, Solid-state drive, Spaces (software), Spatial anti-aliasing, Spotlight (software), Spyware, Starvin' Marvin in Space, Steve Jobs, Sun Microsystems, Swift (programming language), Swing (Java), System Integrity Protection, Taligent, Tencent QQ, The Guardian, The New York Times, The New York Times Company, The Wall Street Journal, Tick–tock model, TigerDirect, Time Machine (macOS), Tudou, TvOS, Twitter, Unicode, Universal binary, Unix, Unix-like, User space, Vaporware, Videotelephony, Virtual assistant, Virtual desktop, Virtual folder, VMac, VoiceOver, WatchOS, Widget (GUI), Widget toolkit, Wikimedia Foundation, Windows Vista, World Wide Web, X Window System, X86, X86-64, Xcode, XDarwin, XNU, XPostFacto, XQuartz, Youku, ZDNet, 3D computer graphics, 64-bit computing. Expand index (243 more) » « Shrink index
Address Book is an address book software application made by Apple that runs on Mac OS X. The Contacts app replaced Address Book in Mac OS X 10.8 ("Mountain Lion").
Adobe FrameMaker is a document processor designed for writing and editing large or complex documents, including structured documents.
PageMaker was one of the first desktop publishing programs, introduced in 1985 by Aldus on the Apple Macintosh.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), also known by its original name Rijndael, is a specification for the encryption of electronic data established by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 2001.
AllThingsD.com was an online publication that specialized in technology and startup company news, analysis and coverage.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
Aperture is a discontinued photo editing and management computer program developed by Apple Inc. for the macOS operating system, first released in 2005, which was available from the Mac App Store.
The App Store is a digital distribution platform for macOS apps, created by Apple Inc. The platform was announced on October 20, 2010, at Apple's "Back to the Mac" event.
The Appearance Manager is a component of Mac OS 8 and Mac OS 9 that controls the overall look of the Macintosh graphical user interface widgets and supports several themes.
Apple Books (previously known as iBooks until 2018) is an e-book application by Apple Inc. for its iOS and macOS operating systems and devices.
Apple Color Emoji is a color typeface used by iOS and macOS to display emoji, a series of ideograms originally created by Shigetaka Kurita for use in Japanese mobile phones.
The Apple community are people interested in Apple Inc. and its products, who report information in various media.
Apple Developer, formerly Apple Developer Connection or ADC, is Apple Inc.'s developer network.
Apple File System (APFS) is a proprietary file system for macOS High Sierra and later, iOS 10.3 and later, tvOS 10.2 and later, and watchOS 3.2 and later, developed and deployed by Apple Inc. It aims to fix core problems of HFS+ (also called Mac OS Extended), APFS's predecessor on these operating systems.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Apple Maps (or simply Maps) is a web mapping service developed by Apple Inc. It is the default map system of iOS, macOS, and watchOS.
Photos is a photo management and editing application developed by Apple.
The Apple Remote is a remote control device released in or after October 2005 by Apple Inc. for use with a number of its products which use infrared capabilities.
Apple Store is a chain of retail stores owned and operated by Apple Inc. The stores sell Mac personal computers, iPhone smartphones, iPad tablet computers, iPod portable media players, Apple Watch smartwatches, Apple TV digital media players, software, and select third-party accessories.
Apple TV is a digital media player and microconsole developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device that can receive digital data from a number of sources and stream to a capable television.
Apple Watch is a line of smartwatches designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It incorporates fitness tracking and health-oriented capabilities with integration with iOS and other Apple products and services.
The Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) is a conference held annually by Apple Inc. in San Jose, California.
Apple's Intel transition was the process of changing the central processing unit (CPU) of Macintosh computers from PowerPC processors to Intel x86 processors.
AppleScript is a scripting language created by Apple Inc. that facilitates automated control over scriptable Mac applications.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
Aqua is the graphical user interface (GUI) and visual theme of Apple's macOS operating system.
Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
ATI Technologies Inc. (commonly called ATI) was a semiconductor technology corporation based in Markham, Ontario, Canada, that specialized in the development of graphics processing units and chipsets.
Backup software are computer programs used to perform backup; they create supplementary exact copies of files, databases or entire computers.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
Baidu, Inc. (anglicized), incorporated on 18 January 2000, is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products, and artificial intelligence, headquartered at the Baidu Campus in Beijing's Haidian District.
Basilisk II is an emulator which emulates the 680x0-based Apple Macintosh computer on a variety of operating systems.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
The informal term "big cat" is typically used to refer to any of the five living members of the genus Panthera, namely tiger, lion, jaguar, leopard and snow leopard.
In computing, binary translation is a form of binary recompilation where sequences of instructions are translated from a source instruction set to the target instruction set.
Boot Camp Assistant is a multi boot utility included with Apple Inc.'s macOS that assists users in installing Microsoft Windows operating systems on Intel-based Macintosh computers.
Bruce "Tog" Tognazzini (born 1945) is a usability consultant in partnership with Donald Norman and Jakob Nielsen in the Nielsen Norman Group, which specializes in human computer interaction.
Brushed metal is a discontinued graphical user interface design used in Apple Computer's Mac OS X operating system for Macintosh computers.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
Calendar is a personal calendar app made by Apple Inc. that runs on both the macOS desktop operating system and the iOS mobile operating system.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
Carbon is one of Apple Inc.'s C-based application programming interfaces (APIs) for the Macintosh operating system.
Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In computers, upper case and lower case text may be treated as distinct (case sensitivity) or equivalent (case insensitivity).
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
Cocoa is Apple's native object-oriented application programming interface (API) for their operating system macOS.
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person.
Code signing is the process of digitally signing executables and scripts to confirm the software author and guarantee that the code has not been altered or corrupted since it was signed.
Colorfulness, chroma and saturation are attributes of perceived color relating to chromatic intensity.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
Commercial software, or seldom payware, is computer software that is produced for sale or that serves commercial purposes.
There are a number of Unix-like operating systems based on or descended from the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) series of Unix variants options.
These tables provide a comparison of operating systems, of computer devices, as listing general and technical information for a number of widely used and currently available PC or handheld (including smartphone and tablet computer) operating systems.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
In legal terminology, a complaint is any formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that the filing party or parties (the plaintiff(s)) believes are sufficient to support a claim against the party or parties against whom the claim is brought (the defendant(s)) that entitles the plaintiff(s) to a remedy (either money damages or injunctive relief).
Computer Weekly is a digital magazine and website for IT professionals in the United Kingdom.
A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
Copland is an unreleased operating system prototype for Apple Macintosh computers of the late 1990s, intended to be released as the modern System 8 successor to the aging but venerable System 7.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Core Image is a pixel-accurate, near-realtime, non-destructive image processing technology in Mac OS X. Implemented as part of the QuartzCore framework of Mac OS X 10.4 and later, Core Image provides a plugin-based architecture for applying filters and effects within the Quartz graphics rendering layer.
Core Video is the video processing model employed by macOS.
Cover Flow is an animated, three-dimensional graphical user interface element that is integrated within the Macintosh Finder and other Apple Inc. products for visually flipping through snapshots of documents, website bookmarks, album artwork, or photographs.
In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
Dashboard is an application for Apple Inc.'s macOS operating systems, used as a secondary desktop for hosting mini-applications known as widgets.
Development of Windows Vista occurred over the span of five and a half years, starting in earnest in May 2001, prior to the release of Microsoft's Windows XP operating system, and continuing until November 2006.
The graphical control element dialog box (also called dialogue box (British English) or just dialog) is a small window that communicates information to the user and prompts them for a response.
The Dock is a prominent feature of the graphical user interface of the macOS operating system.
Dow Jones & Company is an American publishing and financial information firm that has been owned by News Corp. since 2007.
In graphic design, a drop shadow is a visual effect consisting of a drawing element which looks like the shadow of an object, giving the impression that the object is raised above the objects behind it.
An embedded operating system is an operating system for embedded computer systems.
are ideograms and smileys used in electronic messages and web pages.
In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
Endianness refers to the sequential order in which bytes are arranged into larger numerical values when stored in memory or when transmitted over digital links.
Engadget is a multilingual technology blog network with daily coverage of gadgets and consumer electronics.
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
Fast user switching is a feature, i.e. a term for some rather loosely specified functionality, of a multi-user operating system.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
Most file systems have methods to assign permissions or access rights to specific users and groups of users.
FileMaker is a cross-platform relational database application from FileMaker Inc., a subsidiary of Apple Inc. It integrates a database engine with a graphical user interface (GUI) and security features, allowing users to modify the database by dragging new elements into layouts, screens, or forms.
FileVault is a disk encryption program in Mac OS X 10.3 and later.
Final Cut Pro is a series of non-linear video editing software programs first developed by Macromedia Inc. and later Apple Inc. The most recent version, Final Cut Pro X 10.4.2, runs on Intel-based Mac computers powered by macOS High Sierra or later.
The Finder is the default file manager and graphical user interface shell used on all Macintosh operating systems.
The Fink project is an effort to port and package open-source Unix programs to macOS.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
Front Row is a discontinued media center software application for Apple's Macintosh computers and Apple TV for navigating and viewing video, photos, podcasts, and music from a computer, optical disc, or the Internet through a 10-foot user interface (similar to Kodi and Windows Media Center).
Game Center is an app released by Apple that allows users to play and challenge friends when playing online multiplayer social gaming network games.
GarageBand is a line of digital audio workstations for macOS and iOS that allows users to create music or podcasts.
Gatekeeper is a security feature of the macOS operating system by Apple.
The GeForce2 (NV15) is the second generation of NVIDIA's GeForce graphics processing units.
Gizmodo is a design, technology, science and science fiction website that also features articles on politics.
Grand Central Dispatch (GCD) is a technology developed by Apple Inc. to optimize application support for systems with multi-core processors and other symmetric multiprocessing systems.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
A Hackintosh is a type of non-Apple computer designed to run unauthorized versions of macOS.
HFS Plus or HFS+ is a file system developed by Apple Inc. It replaced the Hierarchical File System (HFS) as the primary file system of Apple computers with the 1998 release of Mac OS 8.1.
Homebrew is a free and open-source software package management system that simplifies the installation of software on Apple's macOS operating system.
Human interface guidelines (HIG) are software development documents which offer application developers a set of recommendations.
A hybrid kernel is an operating system kernel architecture that attempts to combine aspects and benefits of microkernel and monolithic kernel architectures used in computer operating systems.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
The iBook is a line of laptop computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1999 to 2006.
iChat (previously iChat AV) is a discontinued instant messaging software application developed by Apple Inc. for use on its Mac OS X operating system.
iCloud is a cloud storage and cloud computing service from Apple Inc. launched on October 12, 2011.
IEEE 1394 is an interface standard for a serial bus for high-speed communications and isochronous real-time data transfer.
iLife is a software suite for macOS and iOS developed by Apple Inc. It consists of various programs for media creation, organization, editing and publishing.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
iMessage is an instant messaging service developed by Apple Inc. It is supported by the Messages application in iOS 5 and later and OS X Mountain Lion and later.
An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
International Data Group, Inc. (IDG) is a Chinese-owned, American-based media, data and marketing services and venture capital organization.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
iOS 7 is the seventh major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 6.
iOS 8 is the eighth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 7.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
iPhoto is a discontinued digital photograph manipulation software application developed by Apple Inc. It was included with every Macintosh personal computer from 2002 to 2015, when it was replaced with Apple's Photos application.
The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Macintosh version of iTunes was released.
The iPod Classic (stylized and marketed as iPod classic and formerly just iPod) is a portable media player created and formerly marketed by Apple Inc. There were seven generations of the iPod Classic, as well as a spin-off (the iPod Photo) that was later re-integrated into the main iPod line.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
iWork is an office suite of applications created by Apple Inc. for its macOS and iOS operating systems, and also available cross-platform through the iCloud website.
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.
John Gruber (born 1973) is a writer, blog publisher, UI designer, and the inventor of the Markdown publishing format.
The kernel is a computer program that is the core of a computer's operating system, with complete control over everything in the system.
A kernel panic (sometimes abbreviated as KP) is a safety measure taken by an operating system's kernel upon detecting an internal fatal error in which it either is unable to safely recover from or cannot have the system continue to run without having a much higher risk of major data loss.
Keynote is a presentation software application developed as a part of the iWork productivity suite by Apple Inc. Keynote 7.3.1 was released on November 2, 2017 and is the most recent version for the Mac.
A landmark is a recognizable natural or artificial feature used for navigation, a feature that stands out from its near environment and is often visible from long distances.
Launchpad is an application launcher for macOS developed by Apple Inc., introduced in Mac OS X Lion.
Linus Benedict Torvalds (born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator, and historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating systems, Android, and Chrome OS.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The following is a list of Macintosh software—notable computer applications for current macOS systems.
This is a list of macOS (earlier called Mac OS X) components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.
This is an incomplete list of the various technologies (and core applications) in macOS.
This is a list of operating systems.
Logic Pro is a digital audio workstation (DAW) and MIDI sequencer software application for the macOS platform.
Mac Defender (also known as Mac Protector, Mac Security,Mac Guard, Mac Shield, and FakeMacDef) is an internet rogue security program that can be installed by unwitting users of computers running the Mac OS X operating system.
Mac OS 8 is an operating system that was released by Apple Computer, Inc. on July 26, 1997.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
Mac OS X version 10.0 (code named Cheetah) is the first major release of Mac OS X (later named OS X and then macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X 10.1 (code named Puma) is the second major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Jaguar (version 10.2) is the third major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5) is the sixth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Lion (version 10.7) is the eighth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Panther (version 10.3) is the fourth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
The Mac OS X Public Beta (internally code named "Kodiak") was the first publicly available version of Apple Computer's Mac OS X (now named macOS) operating system Cheetah to feature the Aqua user interface.
Mac OS X Server 1.0, released on March 16, 1999, is the first operating system released into the retail market by Apple Computer based on NeXT technology.
Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
The MacBook is a brand of notebook computers manufactured by Apple Inc. from May 2006 to February 2012, and relaunched in 2015.
Mach is a kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computing.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
The classic Macintosh startup sequence included the startup chime, Happy Mac, Sad Mac, and Chimes of Death.
macOS High Sierra (version 10.13) is the fourteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers.
macOS Server, formerly Mac OS X Server and OS X Server, is a separately sold operating system add-on which provides additional server programs along with management and administration tools for macOS.
macOS Sierra (version 10.12) is the thirteenth major release of macOS (previously), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
MacPorts, formerly called DarwinPorts, is a package management system that simplifies the installation of software on the macOS and Darwin operating systems.
MacRumors.com is a website that aggregates Mac and Apple related news, rumors, and reports.
Macworld is a web site dedicated to products and software of Apple Inc., published by Mac Publishing, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Mail (also known as Apple Mail or Mail.app) is an email client included with the operating systems macOS, iOS and watchOS by Apple Inc. Originally developed by NeXT as NeXTMail, a part of their NeXTSTEP operating system, it eventually became Mail after Apple's acquisition of NeXT.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
Memory protection is a way to control memory access rights on a computer, and is a part of most modern instruction set architectures and operating systems.
Messages is an instant messaging software application developed by Apple Inc. for its macOS, iOS and watchOS operating systems.
Metal is a low-level, low-overhead hardware-accelerated 3D graphic and compute shader application programming interface (API) developed by Apple Inc., and which debuted in iOS 8.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Office 2016 (codenamed Office 16) is a version of the Microsoft Office productivity suite, succeeding both Office 2013 and Office for Mac 2011.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mission Control, formerly Dashboard, Exposé, and Spaces is a feature of the Mac OS X operating system.
MobileMe (iTools before 2002;.Mac before 2008) is a subscription-based collection of online services and software offered by Apple Inc. All services were being gradually transitioned and replaced by iCloud and the service ceased as of June 30, 2012, with transfers to iCloud available until July 31, 2012.
The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.
In computing, multi-touch is technology that enables a surface (a trackpad or touchscreen) to recognize the presence of more than one or more than two points of contact with the surface.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
NetEase, Inc. is a Chinese Internet technology company providing online services centered on content, community, communications and commerce.
New World ROM computers are Macintosh models that do not use a Macintosh Toolbox ROM on the logic board.
NeXT (later NeXT Computer and NeXT Software) was an American computer and software company founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
Nomenclature is a system of names or terms, or the rules for forming these terms in a particular field of arts or sciences.
Notes is a notetaking app developed by Apple.
Notification Center is a feature in iOS and macOS that provides an overview of alerts from applications.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.
Open Firmware, or OpenBoot in Sun Microsystems parlance, is a standard defining the interfaces of a computer firmware system, formerly endorsed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
OpenCL (Open Computing Language) is a framework for writing programs that execute across heterogeneous platforms consisting of central processing units (CPUs), graphics processing units (GPUs), digital signal processors (DSPs), field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and other processors or hardware accelerators.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
OpenStep is an object-oriented application programming interface (API) specification for a legacy object-oriented operating system, with the basic goal of offering a NeXTSTEP-like environment on a non-NeXTSTEP operating system.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
OS X El Capitan (version 10.11) is the twelfth major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
OS X Mavericks (version 10.9) is the tenth major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
OS X Mountain Lion (version 10.8) is the ninth major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
OS X Yosemite (version 10.10) is the eleventh major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
pkgsrc (package source) is a package management system for Unix-like operating systems.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
The Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) is a family of standards specified by the IEEE Computer Society for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.
The Power Mac G5 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 2003 to 2006 as part of the Power Mac series.
The Power Macintosh, later Power Mac, is a family of personal computers that were designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. as part of its Macintosh brand from March 1994 until August 2006.
The PowerBook (known as Macintosh PowerBook before 1997) is a family of Macintosh laptop computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1991 to 2006.
The PowerBook G3 is a series of laptop Macintosh personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1997 to 2001.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and images using a master form or template.
A programming language is a formal language that specifies a set of instructions that can be used to produce various kinds of output.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
Psystar Corporation was a company based in Miami, Florida, owned by Rudy and Robert Pedraza which sold "Open Computers".
In Apple computer's macOS operating system, Quartz is the Quartz 2D and Quartz Compositor part of the Core Graphics framework.
Quartz Compositor is the display server (and at the same time the compositing window manager) in macOS.
Quick Look is a quick preview feature developed by Apple Inc. which was introduced in its operating system Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group (formerly AMD Vision), a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
Reed Business Information is a provider of data services, analytics and information to businesses.
Repairing disk permissions is a troubleshooting activity commonly associated with the macOS operating system by Apple.
Retina Display (marketed by Apple with a lowercase 'D' as Retina display) is a brand name used by Apple for its series of IPS panel and OLED displays that have a higher pixel density than traditional Apple displays.
Rhapsody was the code name given to Apple Computer's next-generation operating system during the period of its development between Apple's purchase of NeXT in late 1996 and the announcement of Mac OS X (now called "macOS") in 1998.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.
Rosetta is a discontinued dynamic binary translator for Mac OS X that allowed many PowerPC applications to run on certain Intel-based Macintosh computers without modification.
Safari is a web browser developed by Apple based on the WebKit engine.
San Francisco is a neo-grotesque sans-serif typeface made by Apple Inc. It was first released to developers on November 18, 2014.
In computer security, a sandbox is a security mechanism for separating running programs, usually in an effort to mitigate system failures or software vulnerabilities from spreading.
Scott Forstall (born 1969) is an American software engineer, best known for leading the original software development team for the iPhone and iPad, and Broadway producer, best known for co-producing the Tony award-winning Fun Home and Eclipsed with his wife.
Screen Sharing is a VNC client by Apple Inc. included as part of Mac OS X v10.5.
SheepShaver is an open source PowerPC Apple Macintosh emulator originally designed for BeOS and Linux.
Sina Weibo is a Chinese microblogging (weibo) website.
The Single UNIX Specification (SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for computer operating systems, compliance with which is required to qualify for using the "UNIX" trademark.
Siri (pronounced) is a virtual assistant part of Apple Inc.'s iOS, watchOS, macOS, and tvOS operating systems.
In computing, a skin (also known as visual styles in Windows XP) is a custom graphical appearance preset package achieved by the use of a graphical user interface (GUI) that can be applied to specific computer software, operating system, and websites to suit the purpose, topic, or tastes of different users.
Software development is the process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components.
In computer programming, a software framework is an abstraction in which software providing generic functionality can be selectively changed by additional user-written code, thus providing application-specific software.
A software widget is a relatively simple and easy-to-use software application or component made for one or more different software platforms.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
Spaces was a virtual desktop feature of Mac OS X, introduced in Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard.
In digital signal processing, spatial anti-aliasing is the technique of minimizing the distortion artifacts known as aliasing when representing a high-resolution image at a lower resolution.
Spotlight is a system-wide desktop search feature of Apple's macOS and iOS operating systems.
Spyware is software that aims to gather information about a person or organization sometimes without their knowledge, that may send such information to another entity without the consumer's consent, that asserts control over a device without the consumer's knowledge, or it may send such information to another entity with the consumer's consent, through cookies.
Starvin' Marvin in Space is episode 44 of the animated television series South Park.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux.
Swing is a GUI widget toolkit for Java.
System Integrity Protection (SIP, sometimes referred to as rootless) is a security feature of Apple's macOS operating system introduced in OS X El Capitan.
Taligent (a portmanteau of talent and intelligent)"", The Register, 3 October 2008 is the name of an object-oriented operating system, and the company that was dedicated to producing it.
Tencent QQ, also known as QQ, is an instant messaging software service developed by the Chinese company Shenzhen Tencent Computer System Co., Ltd..
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Company is an American media company which publishes its namesake, The New York Times.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
Tick–tock is a model adopted in 2007 by chip manufacturer Intel.
TigerDirect is an El Segundo, California-based online retailer dealing in electronics, computers, and computer components that caters to business and corporate customers.
Time Machine is a backup software application distributed as part of macOS, desktop operating system developed by Apple.
Tudou, Inc. is a video-sharing website headquartered in Shanghai, China, where users can upload, view and share video clips.
tvOS is an operating system developed by Apple Inc. for the fourth-generation and later Apple TV digital media player.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
A universal binary is, in Apple parlance, an executable file or application bundle that runs natively on either PowerPC or Intel-manufactured IA-32 or Intel 64-based Macintosh computers; it is an implementation of the concept more generally known as a fat binary.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
A modern computer operating system usually segregates virtual memory into kernel space and user space.
In the computer industry, vaporware (alt. vapourware) is a product, typically computer hardware or software, that is announced to the general public but is never actually manufactured nor officially cancelled.
Videotelephony comprises the technologies for the reception and transmission of audio-video signals by users at different locations, for communication between people in real-time.
A virtual assistant is a software agent that can perform tasks or services for an individual.
In computing, a virtual desktop is a term used with respect to user interfaces, usually within the WIMP paradigm, to describe ways in which the virtual space of a computer's desktop environment is expanded beyond the physical limits of the screen's display area through the use of software.
In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on location in a hierarchical directory tree.
vMac was an open source emulator for Mac OS on Windows, DOS, OS/2, NeXTSTEP, Linux-Unix, and other platforms.
VoiceOver is a screen reader built into Apple Inc.'s macOS, iOS, tvOS, watchOS, and iPod operating systems.
watchOS is the mobile operating system of the Apple Watch, developed by Apple Inc. It is based on the iOS operating system and has many similar features.
A control element (sometimes called a control or widget) in a graphical user interface is an element of interaction, such as a button or a scroll bar.
A widget toolkit, widget library, GUI toolkit, or UX library is a library or a collection of libraries containing a set of graphical control elements (called widgets) used to construct the graphical user interface (GUI) of programs.
The Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (WMF, or simply Wikimedia) is an American non-profit and charitable organization headquartered in San Francisco, California.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
Xcode is an integrated development environment (IDE) for macOS containing a suite of software development tools developed by Apple for developing software for macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
XDarwin was a display server supporting the X Window System (X11) ported to run on the Mac OS X and Darwin operating systems.
XNU is the computer operating system kernel developed at Apple Inc. since December 1996 for use in the macOS operating system and released as free and open-source software as part of the Darwin operating system.
XPostFacto is an open source utility that enables the installation of PowerPC versions of Mac OS X up to Mac OS X v10.4 (Tiger), and Darwin on some PowerPC-based Apple Macintosh systems that are not officially supported for them by Apple.
XQuartz (formerly and often still informally referred to as X11.app) is Apple Inc.'s version of the X server, a component of the X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X, and sometimes informally X-Windows) for macOS.
Youku Inc., formerly Youku.com Inc.,"." Youku.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
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