109 relations: A (Cyrillic), Accent (sociolinguistics), Alphabet, Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia, Autocephaly, Balkan Wars, Be (Cyrillic), Bitola, Blaže Koneski, Bulgarian alphabet, Bulgarian National Revival, Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Che (Cyrillic), Church Slavonic language, Cognate, Cursive, Cyrillic script, Cyrillic script in Unicode, De (Cyrillic), Despot Badžović, Dialect, Diglossia, Digraph (orthography), Dje, Dotted I (Cyrillic), Dze, Dzhe, Early Cyrillic alphabet, Eastern Orthodox Church, Ef (Cyrillic), El (Cyrillic), Em (Cyrillic), En (Cyrillic), Er (Cyrillic), Es (Cyrillic), French language, Ge (Cyrillic), Georgi Pulevski, Gje, Greek alphabet, Homoglyph, Homograph, I (Cyrillic), I with grave (Cyrillic), International Phonetic Alphabet, Je (Cyrillic), Jovan Kostovski, Ka (Cyrillic), Kha (Cyrillic), Kingdom of Yugoslavia, ..., Kje, Krste Misirkov, Latin alphabet, League of Communists of Yugoslavia, Letter case, Liturgy, Lje, Macedonian language, Macedonian Society, Magazine, Marko Cepenkov, Mihail Petruševski, Nazi Germany, Nje, Nova Makedonija, O (Cyrillic), Ottoman Empire, Parteniy Zografski, Pe (Cyrillic), Phoenician alphabet, Phoneme, Prilep, Romanian alphabet, Romanian Cyrillic alphabet, Romanization of Macedonian, Russian alphabet, S, Schwa, Scientific transliteration of Cyrillic, Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, Serbianisation, Sha (Cyrillic), Shcha, Short I, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, South Slavic languages, Te (Cyrillic), Temko Popov, Tse (Cyrillic), Tshe, U (Cyrillic), Vasil Iljoski, Ve (Cyrillic), Veles, Macedonia, Venko Markovski, Vernacular, Vlado Maleski, Vuk Karadžić, World War II in Yugoslavia, Yat, Ye (Cyrillic), Ye with grave, Yer, Yugoslav Braille, Yugoslav Partisans, Yus, Ze (Cyrillic), Zhe (Cyrillic). Expand index (59 more) » « Shrink index
A (А а; italics: А а) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
In sociolinguistics, an accent is a manner of pronunciation peculiar to a particular individual, location, or nation.
An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that is used to write one or more languages based upon the general principle that the letters represent phonemes (basic significant sounds) of the spoken language.
The Anti-fascist Assembly for the National Liberation of Macedonia (Антифашистичко Собрание за Народно Ослободување на Македонија, Antifašističko Sobranie za Narodno Osloboduvanje na Makedonija; Antifašističko sobranje narodnog oslobođenja Makedonije; abbr. ASNOM) was the supreme legislative and executive people's representative body of the Macedonian state from 1944 until the end of World War II.
Autocephaly (from αὐτοκεφαλία, meaning "property of being self-headed") is the status of a hierarchical Christian Church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop (used especially in Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Independent Catholic churches).
The Balkan Wars (Balkan Savaşları, literally "the Balkan Wars" or Balkan Faciası, meaning "the Balkan Tragedy") consisted of two conflicts that took place in the Balkan Peninsula in 1912 and 1913.
Be (Б б italics: Б б б) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Bitola (Битола known also by several alternative names) is a city in the southwestern part of the Republic of Macedonia.
Blaže Koneski (Блаже Конески) (December 19, 1921 – December 7, 1993) (born in Nebregovo, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, now Republic of Macedonia) was one of the most distinguished Macedonian poets, writers, literary translators, and linguistic scholars.
The Bulgarian alphabet is used to write the Bulgarian language.
The Bulgarian National Revival (Българско национално възраждане, Balgarsko natsionalno vazrazhdane or simply: Възраждане, Vazrazhdane), sometimes called the Bulgarian Renaissance, was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people under Ottoman rule.
The Bulgarian Orthodox Church (Българска православна църква, Balgarska pravoslavna tsarkva) is an autocephalous Orthodox Church.
Che or Cha (Ч ч; italics: Ч ч) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Church Slavonic, also known as Church Slavic, New Church Slavonic or New Church Slavic, is the conservative Slavic liturgical language used by the Orthodox Church in Bulgaria, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Russia, Belarus, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Macedonia and Ukraine.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
Cursive (also known as script or longhand, among other names) is any style of penmanship in which some characters are written joined together in a flowing manner, generally for the purpose of making writing faster.
The Cyrillic script is a writing system used for various alphabets across Eurasia (particularity in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and North Asia).
As of Unicode version 11.0 Cyrillic script is encoded across several blocks, all in the BMP.
De (Д д; italics: Д д) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Despot S. Badžović (Деспот С. Баџовић, Деспот Баџовиќ) (1850 — 30 November 1930) was a teacher and an activist of the Serbian national movement in Macedonia.
The term dialect (from Latin,, from the Ancient Greek word,, "discourse", from,, "through" and,, "I speak") is used in two distinct ways to refer to two different types of linguistic phenomena.
In linguistics, diglossia is a situation in which two dialects or languages are used by a single language community.
A digraph or digram (from the δίς dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used in the orthography of a language to write either a single phoneme (distinct sound), or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined.
Dje (Ђ ђ; italics: Ђ ђ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The dotted i (І і; italics: І і ), also called decimal i (и десятеричное), is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Dze (Ѕ ѕ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used in the Macedonian language to represent the voiced alveolar affricate, pronounced like ⟨ds⟩ in "pods".
Dzhe or Gea (Џ џ; italics: Џ џ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script used in Macedonian and varieties of Serbo-Croatian (Bosnian, Montenegrin, and Serbian) to represent the voiced retroflex affricate, something like the pronunciation of in “jump”.
The Early Cyrillic alphabet is a writing system that was developed during the late ninth century on the basis of the Greek alphabet for the Orthodox Slavic population in Europe.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Ef (Ф ф; italics: Ф ф) is a Cyrillic letter, commonly representing the voiceless labiodental fricative, like the pronunciation of in "fill".
El (Л л; italics: Л л) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Em (М м; italics: М м) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
En (Н н; italics: Н н) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Er (Р р; italics: Р р) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Es (С с; italics: С с) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Ghe or Ge (Г г; italics: Г г) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Georgi Pulevski or Gjorgji Pulevski (Ѓорѓи Пулевски or Ѓорѓија Пулевски, Георги Пулевски; 1817–1895) was a writer and revolutionary from Galičnik, today in the Republic of Macedonia, known today as the first author to express publicly the idea of a Macedonian nation distinct from Bulgarians, as well as a separate Macedonian language.
Gje (Ѓ ѓ; italics: Ѓ ѓ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late 9th or early 8th century BC.
In orthography and typography, a homoglyph is one of two or more graphemes, characters, or glyphs with shapes that appear identical or very similar.
A homograph (from the ὁμός, homós, "same" and γράφω, gráphō, "write") is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning.
I (И и; italics: И и) is a letter used in almost all Cyrillic alphabets.
I with grave (Ѝ ѝ; italics: Ѝ ѝ) is a character representing a stressed variant of the regular letter in some Cyrillic alphabets, but none (either modern or archaic) includes it as a separate letter.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Je (Ј ј; italics: Ј ј) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, taken over from the Latin letter J.Maretić, Tomislav.
Jovan Kostovski (Јован Костовски, born 19 April 1987) is a Macedonian footballer who currently plays as a striker for OH Leuven in the Belgian First Division B.
Ka (К к; italics: К к) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Kha or Ha (Х х; italics: Х х) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija, Краљевина Југославија; Кралство Југославија) was a state in Southeast Europe and Central Europe, that existed from 1918 until 1941, during the interwar period and beginning of World War II.
Kje (Ќ ќ; italics: Ќ ќ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used only in the Macedonian alphabet, where it represents the voiceless palatal plosive, or the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate.
Krste Petkov Misirkov (Кръстьо Петков Мисирков; Крсте Петков Мисирков) (18 November 1874, Postol, Ottoman Empire – 26 July 1926, Sofia, Kingdom of Bulgaria) was a philologist, slavist, historian and ethnographer.
The Latin alphabet or the Roman alphabet is a writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
The League of Communists of Yugoslavia, before 1952 the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the country's largest communist party, and the ruling party of SFR Yugoslavia.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions.
Lje (Љ љ; italics: Љ љ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Macedonian (македонски, tr. makedonski) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia.
The Macedonian Society or Secret Macedonian Society (Тајниот македонски комитет) was secret organization established in 1886 by Macedonian Slavs in Sofia, Bulgaria, to promote a kind of Macedonian pro-Serbian identity, distinguished especially from the ethnic identity of the Bulgarians.
A magazine is a publication, usually a periodical publication, which is printed or electronically published (sometimes referred to as an online magazine).
Marko Kostov Cepenkov (Bulgarian and Марко Костов Цепенков) (1829, Prilep, Ottoman Empire — 1920, Sofia), Kingdom of Bulgaria) was a Bulgarian folklorist from the region of Macedonia. In the Republic of Macedonia he is regarded a Macedonian writer and poet. In his own time, his language was described as Bulgarian, and Cepenkov regarded it this way himself. Now his dialect is still considered Bulgarian dialect in Bulgaria. He was a writer and collector of folk literary works. His family moved to Prilep from village of Oreovec. His father, Kosta, lived in Kruševo for a period of time, where Marko Cepenkov was born. Since his father was a traveler, Cepenkov earned the opportunity to travel. He lived in Ohrid and Struga and visited other places in the country by the time he was fourteen. Cepenkov was educated in small Greek schools. In 1844 he moved to Prilep, where he attended the private school of Hadji pop Konstantin Dimkov and father Aleksa, for two years. He also became a tailor and while working in the shop he met a lot of people who would tell him folk stories. Cepenkov was also a good narrator and knew a lot of folk stories. Since then he became a collector of folk stories and other folk works. In 1857 Cepenkov was a teacher in Prilep. After he met Dimitar Miladinov he started collecting more and more folk works: songs, stories, riddles, and others. In that time he knew more than 150 stories and wrote one to two stories per week, as he mentions in his Autobiography. Marko Tsepenkov contacted with other figures of the Bulgarian National Revival period who noted down folklore, such as Kuzman Shapkarev and Metodi Kusev. He was influenced by the works of Georgi Rakovski, Vasil Cholakov, Ivan Blaskov and Dimitar Matov. He moved with his family to Sofia in 1888, where he was to live the rest of his life. Here he was encouraged by Prof. Ivan Shishmanov, who includes his recordings in several volumes of the “Collection of works of the popular spirit” (SBNU). In this collection, published until in 1900, Cepenkov publishes many tales and legends, songs, a great number of beliefs and curses, interpretations of dreams, magic formulas, habits and rites, proverbs, riddles and folklore for children. Between 1896 and 1911, he published about 10 of his poems and his play "Cane Voivoda," which confirmed his own creative and literary pledge. He also wrote about a dozen songs with patriotic themes, and his "Autobiography". Cepenkov was in close relations with his countryman, then Metropolitan of Stara Zagora, Metodi Kusev. The "Institute of Folklore" of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences works today with the complete edition in six volumes of these folk materials. His collected folk works were published in ten books in Skopje in 1972. A selection of his folktales have been published in English, such as 19th Century Macedonian Folktales by the Macquarie University in Sydney in 1991. In his honor, the Macedonian institute for folklore is named after him.
Mihail Petruševski (Macedonian and Михаил Петрушевски; July 2, 1911, Bitola – February 27, 1990) was a Yugoslav Macedonian academic, philologist and founder of the Faculty of Philosophy at the Skopje University.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nje (Њ њ; italics: Њ њ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Nova Makedonija (Нова Македонија, "New Macedonia") is the oldest daily newspaper in the Republic of Macedonia.
O (О о; italics: О о) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Partenij Zografski (Партений Зографски; Партенија Зографски; 1818 – February 7, 1876) was a 19th-century Bulgarian cleric, philologist, and folklorist from Galičnik in today's Republic of Macedonia, one of the early figures of the Bulgarian National Revival.
Pe (П п; italics: П п) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Phoenician alphabet, called by convention the Proto-Canaanite alphabet for inscriptions older than around 1050 BC, is the oldest verified alphabet.
A phoneme is one of the units of sound (or gesture in the case of sign languages, see chereme) that distinguish one word from another in a particular language.
Prilep (Прилеп, is the fourth largest city in the Republic of Macedonia. It has a population of 66,246 and is known as "the city under Marko's Towers" because of its proximity to the towers of Prince Marko.
The Romanian alphabet is a variant of the Latin alphabet used by the Romanian language.
The Romanian Cyrillic alphabet is the Cyrillic alphabet that was used to write the Romanian language before 1860–1862, when it was officially replaced by a Latin-based Romanian alphabet.
The Romanization of Macedonian is the transliteration of text in the Macedonian language from the Macedonian Cyrillic alphabet into the Latin alphabet.
The Russian alphabet (ˈruskʲɪj ɐɫfɐˈvʲit̪) uses letters from the Cyrillic script.
S (named ess, plural esses) is the 19th letter in the Modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
In linguistics, specifically phonetics and phonology, schwa (rarely or; sometimes spelled shwa) is the mid central vowel sound (rounded or unrounded) in the middle of the vowel chart, denoted by the IPA symbol ə, or another vowel sound close to that position.
Scientific transliteration, variously called academic, linguistic, international, or scholarly transliteration, is an international system for transliteration of text from the Cyrillic script to the Latin script (romanization).
The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet (српска ћирилица/srpska ćirilica, pronounced) is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script for the Serbian language, developed in 1818 by Serbian linguist Vuk Karadžić.
Serbianisation or Serbianization, also known as Serbification, and Serbisation or Serbization (србизација/srbizacija or посрбљавање/posrbljavanje; сърбизация, sərbizacija or посръбчване, posrəbčvane; serbificarea) is the spread of Serbian culture, people, or politics, either by integration or assimilation.
Sha (Ш ш; italics: Ш ш) is a letter of the Glagolitic and Cyrillic script.
Shcha (Щ щ; italics: Щ щ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Short I or Yot (Й й; italics: Й й) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija) was one of the six constituent countries of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and a socialist nation state of the Macedonians.
The South Slavic languages are one of three branches of the Slavic languages.
Te (Т т; italics: Т т) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Temko Popov (Темко Попов) was a pro-Macedonian activist and Serbian national worker in the Ottoman Empire.
Tse (Ц ц; italics: Ц ц) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Tshe (Ћ ћ; italics: Ћ ћ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script, used only in the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet, where it represents the voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate, somewhat like the pronunciation of in "chew"; however, it must not be confused with the voiceless retroflex affricate Che (Ч ч), which sounds and which also exists in Serbian Cyrillic script.
U (У у; italics: У у) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Vasil Iljoski (Васил Иљоски, (December 20, 1902 - November 1, 1995) was a Macedonian writer, dramatist, professor and an important figure in Macedonian literature, especially in Macedonian drama between the two World Wars. His play Begalka, or known as Lenče Kumanovče, performed in 1928 in the Skopje theatre is considered one of the first plays written in the Macedonian language. Other significant plays written by Iljoski are: Učenička avantura (Student's Adventure, 1939), Čest (Honor), Kuzman Kapidan (1954), Mladi Sinovi (Young Sons) and others. Vasil Iljoski is one of the founders of the Association of the Writers of Macedonia and member at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts since 1967.
Ve (В в; italics: В в) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Veles (Велес) is a city in the central part of the Republic of Macedonia on the Vardar river.
Venko Markovski (Bulgarian and Macedonian: Венко Марковски), born Veniamin Milanov Toshev (March 5, 1915 in Skopje – January 7, 1988 in Sofia) was a Bulgarian and Macedonian writer, poet, partisan and Communist politician.
A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population.
Vlado Maleski (Macedonian: Владо Малески) (Struga, 5 September 1919 - Struga, 23 September 1984) was a Macedonian writer, communist activist, publisher and revolutionary.
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (Вук Стефановић Караџић; 7 November 1787 – 7 February 1864) was a Serbian philologist and linguist who was the major reformer of the Serbian language.
Military operations in World War II in Yugoslavia began on 6 April 1941, when the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was swiftly conquered by Axis forces and partitioned between Germany, Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria and client regimes.
Yat or jat (Ѣ ѣ; italics: Ѣ ѣ) is the thirty-second letter of the old Cyrillic alphabet, as well as the name of the sound it represented.
Ye (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Ye with grave (Ѐ ѐ; italics: Ѐ ѐ) is a regular combination of Cyrillic letter Ye (Е е) and grave accent.
A yer is one of two letters in Cyrillic alphabets: ъ (ѥръ, jerŭ) and ь (ѥрь, jerĭ).
Yugoslav Braille is a family of closely related braille alphabets used for the Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovene, and Macedonian languages.
The Yugoslav Partisans,Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Slovene: Partizani, Партизани or the National Liberation Army,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska (NOV), Народноослободилачка војска (НОВ); Народноослободителна војска (НОВ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska (NOV) officially the National Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia,Narodnooslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV i POJ), Народноослободилачка војска и партизански одреди Југославије (НОВ и ПОЈ); Народноослободителна војска и партизански одреди на Југославија (НОВ и ПОЈ); Narodnoosvobodilna vojska in partizanski odredi Jugoslavije (NOV in POJ) was the Communist-led resistance to the Axis powers (chiefly Germany) in occupied Yugoslavia during World War II.
Little yus (Ѧ ѧ) and big yus (Ѫ ѫ), or jus, are letters of the Cyrillic script representing two Common Slavonic nasal vowels in the early Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets.
Ze (З з; italics: З з) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.
Zhe (Ж ж; italics: Ж ж) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.