384 relations: A/UX, A20 line, Addison-Wesley, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe PageMaker, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Systems, Advertising Age, AIM alliance, All Things Considered, Allusion, Andrea Cunningham, Andy Hertzfeld, Apple community, Apple Computer, Inc. v. Microsoft Corp., Apple Desktop Bus, Apple II, Apple II series, Apple IIGS, Apple Inc., Apple Inc. litigation, Apple Industrial Design Group, Apple Lisa, Apple Mighty Mouse, Apple Remote, Apple Worldwide Developers Conference, Apple's transition to Intel processors, Apple–Intel architecture, AppleWorks, Aqua (user interface), Architecture of macOS, Ars Technica, Ashton-Tate, Berkeley Software Distribution, Big Brother (Nineteen Eighty-Four), Bill Atkinson, Bit field, Black and white, Bloomberg News, Blue-green, Bluetooth, Boot Camp (software), Booting, Bruce Horn, Bud Tribble, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Burrell Smith, Byte (magazine), Cartesian coordinate system, CD-ROM, ..., CD-RW, Central processing unit, Chris Espinosa, Claris, Claris Impact, Claris Resolve, Classic Mac OS, CNET, Command-line interface, Commodore 64, Compact Macintosh, Compaq, Compatibility layer, Computer file, Computer keyboard, Computer mouse, Conventional PCI, Cooperative multitasking, Copland (operating system), Copyright infringement, Cross compiler, Cross-platform, Darwin (operating system), Dell, Desktop computer, Desktop metaphor, Desktop publishing, Device driver, Digital Research, DVD, DVD-RAM, Dystopia, EMac, Emulator, End-user license agreement, Ethernet, EWeek, Firefox, Floppy disk, Foxconn, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD, Fremont, California, Frog Design Inc., Front Row (software), Gartner, GeForce, George Crow, George Orwell, Gesture recognition, Gigabyte, Graphical user interface, Graphis Inc., Hackintosh, Halo effect, Hard disk drive, Hardware virtualization, Hartmut Esslinger, Hertz, Hewlett-Packard, History of computing hardware (1960s–present), HP Inc., HyperCard, IBM PC compatible, IBM PCjr, IBM Personal Computer, IBook, ICloud, Icon (computing), IMac, IMac G3, IMac G4, IMac G5, IMac Pro, Industrial design, Infocom, Informix Wingz, Input/output, Inside Macintosh, Installed base, Integrated circuit, Intel, Intel 80486, International Data Corporation, IOS, IPad, IPhone, IPod, ISight, ITunes, Jean-Louis Gassée, Jef Raskin, Jerry Manock, Joanna Hoffman, John C. Dvorak, John Gruber, John Sculley, John Wiley & Sons, Jony Ive, Kilobit, Kilobyte, Laptop, LaserWriter, Lemmings (advertisement), Lenovo, LibreOffice, Lilith (computer), Linux, Linux kernel, List of Macintosh models by case type, List of Macintosh models grouped by CPU type, List of Macintosh software, List of Macintosh software published by Microsoft, List of macOS components, Lotus 1-2-3, Lotus Jazz, Lotus Software, Mac Mini, Mac OS 8, Mac OS 9, Mac OS memory management, Mac OS X 10.0, Mac OS X 10.1, Mac OS X 10.2, Mac OS X Panther, Mac OS X Public Beta, Mac OS X Tiger, Mac Pro, MacBook, MacBook (12-inch), MacBook Air, MacBook Pro, Mach (kernel), Macintosh 128K, Macintosh 512K, Macintosh Centris, Macintosh Classic, Macintosh Classic II, Macintosh clone, Macintosh Color Classic, Macintosh External Disk Drive, Macintosh hardware, Macintosh II, Macintosh IIci, Macintosh IIcx, Macintosh IIfx, Macintosh IIsi, Macintosh IIx, Macintosh LC, Macintosh LC II, Macintosh Office, Macintosh operating systems, Macintosh Performa, Macintosh Plus, Macintosh Portable, Macintosh Programmer's Workshop, Macintosh Quadra, Macintosh SE, Macintosh SE/30, Macintosh XL, MacOS, MacOS High Sierra, MacOS Mojave, MacPaint, MacProject, MacPublisher, Macworld, MacWrite, Magic Mouse, Magic Trackpad, Market research, Market share, McIntosh (apple), McIntosh Laboratory, Megabyte, Memory management unit, Memory protection, Michael Spindler, Microkernel, Microprocessor, Microsoft, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Word, Mini DisplayPort, MkLinux, Mobile device, Monochrome, MOS Technology 6502, Motherboard, Motorola, Motorola 68000, Motorola 68020, Motorola 68030, Motorola 68040, Motorola 6809, Motorola StarMax, MS-DOS, MSNBC, Multi-booting, Multi-core processor, Multi-touch, MultiFinder, Multiplan, Net Applications, Newsweek, NeXT, NeXTSTEP, Nineteen Eighty-Four, No Starch Press, NPR, NuBus, O'Reilly, Old World ROM, Open architecture, Open Firmware, Open-source software, OpenBSD, Operating system, Order of magnitude, Original equipment manufacturer, Pablo Picasso, Parallels Desktop for Mac, PARC (company), Pascal (programming language), PC booter, Peachpit, Pegatron, Penguin Books, Pentium, Personal computer, Pixel, Pizza box form factor, Post-PC era, Power Computing Corporation, Power Mac G4, Power Mac G4 Cube, Power Macintosh, Power Macintosh G3, PowerBook, PowerBook 100, PowerBook 140, PowerBook 160, PowerBook 170, PowerBook 500 series, PowerBook G3, PowerBook G4, PowerPC, PowerPC 7xx, PowerPC G4, Preemption (computing), Printed circuit board, Productivity software, QuarkXPress, QuickDraw, Radeon, Random-access memory, Raster graphics, Read-only memory, Reality distortion field, Reduced instruction set computer, Revolution in the Valley, Ridley Scott, Rosetta (software), Scroll wheel, SCSI, Server (computing), SIMM, Sleeveless shirt, Smartphone, Snow White design language, Software developer, Solder, Spreadsheet, Stanford University, State of the art, Steve Capps, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Super Bowl XVIII, SuperDrive, Susan Kare, System 7, Tablet computer, Taskbar, Text-based user interface, The Argus (Fremont), The Cult of Mac (book), The New York Times, The NPD Group, The Second Coming of Steve Jobs, Thunderbolt (interface), Touchpad, Trackball, Trash (computing), Ultrabook, UMAX Technologies, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, United Kingdom, United States courts of appeals, United States dollar, Unix, USB, USB 3.0, User interface, Vehicle frame, VentureBeat, Video card, Video game developer, Virtual machine, Virtual memory, VirtualBox, VMware Fusion, Web browser, Windows 10, Windows 3.0, Windows 3.1x, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 95, Windows Virtual PC, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Wintel, Wired (magazine), Workaround, X Window System, X86, X86-64, Xerox Alto, XNU, Xserve, 1984 (advertisement). 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A/UX is a discontinued Apple Computer implementation of the Unix operating system for some of its Macintosh computers.
The A20, or addressing line 20, is one of the electrical lines that make up the system bus of an x86-based computer system.
Addison-Wesley is a publisher of textbooks and computer literature.
Adobe Illustrator is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Adobe Systems.
PageMaker was one of the first desktop publishing programs, introduced in 1985 by Aldus on the Apple Macintosh.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
Ad Age (or Advertising Age) is a global media brand publishing analysis, news and data on marketing and media.
The AIM alliance was formed on October 2, 1991, between Apple Inc. (then Apple Computer), IBM, and Motorola to create a new computing standard based on the PowerPC architecture.
All Things Considered (ATC) is the flagship news program on the American network National Public Radio (NPR).
Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance from an external context.
Andrea "Andy" Cunningham is an American strategic marketing and communications enterpreneur.
Andy Hertzfeld (born April 6, 1953) is an American computer scientist and inventor who was a member of the original Apple Macintosh development team during the 1980s.
The Apple community are people interested in Apple Inc. and its products, who report information in various media.
Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Desktop Bus (ADB) is a proprietary bit-serial peripheral bus connecting low-speed devices to computers.
The Apple II (stylized as Apple.
The Apple II series (trademarked with square brackets as "Apple.
The Apple IIGS (styled as II), the fifth and most powerful model of the Apple II family, is a 16-bit personal computer produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The multinational technology corporation Apple Inc. has been a participant in various legal proceedings and claims since it began operation and, like its competitors and peers, engages in litigation in its normal course of business for a variety of reasons.
The Apple Industrial Design Group (IDg) is the industrial design arm of Apple Inc. responsible for crafting the appearance of all Apple products.
The Apple Lisa is a desktop computer developed by Apple, released on January 19, 1983.
The Apple Mouse (formerly Apple Mighty Mouse) is a multi-control USB mouse manufactured by Mitsumi Electric and sold by Apple Inc. It was announced and sold for the first time on August 2, 2005, and a Bluetooth version was available from 2006 to 2009.
The Apple Remote is a remote control device released in or after October 2005 by Apple Inc. for use with a number of its products which use infrared capabilities.
The Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) is a conference held annually by Apple Inc. in San Jose, California.
Apple's Intel transition was the process of changing the central processing unit (CPU) of Macintosh computers from PowerPC processors to Intel x86 processors.
The Apple–Intel architecture, or Mactel, is an unofficial name used for Apple Macintosh personal computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. that use Intel x86 processors, rather than the PowerPC and Motorola 68000 ("68k") series processors used in their predecessors.
AppleWorks is an integrated office suite developed by Rupert Lissner for Apple Computer, originally for the Apple II platform, and released in 1984.
Aqua is the graphical user interface (GUI) and visual theme of Apple's macOS operating system.
The architecture of macOS describes the layers of the operating system that is the culmination of Apple Inc.'s decade-long search and development process to replace the classic Mac OS.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Ashton-Tate (Ashton-Tate Corporation) was a US-based software company best known for developing the popular dBASE database application.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
Big Brother is a fictional character and symbol in George Orwell's novel Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Bill Atkinson (born 1951) is an American computer engineer and photographer.
A bit field is a data structure used in computer programming.
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts.
Bloomberg News is an international news agency headquartered in New York, United States and a division of Bloomberg L.P. Content produced by Bloomberg News is disseminated through Bloomberg Terminals, Bloomberg Television, Bloomberg Radio, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg Markets, Bloomberg.com and Bloomberg's mobile platforms.
Blue-green/bottle green is a color that is a representation of the color that is between green and blue on a typical traditional old-fashioned RYB color wheel.
Bluetooth is a wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short distances (using short-wavelength UHF radio waves in the ISM band from 2.4 to 2.485GHz) from fixed and mobile devices, and building personal area networks (PANs).
Boot Camp Assistant is a multi boot utility included with Apple Inc.'s macOS that assists users in installing Microsoft Windows operating systems on Intel-based Macintosh computers.
In computing, booting is starting up a computer or computer appliance until it can be used.
Bruce Lawrence Horn (born 1960) is a programmer and creator.
Guy L. "Bud" Tribble is Vice President of Software Technology at Apple Inc.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor.
Burrell Carver Smith (born December 16, 1955) is an American engineer who, while working at Apple Computer, designed the motherboard (digital circuit board) for the original Macintosh.
Byte was an American microcomputer magazine, influential in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s because of its wide-ranging editorial coverage.
A Cartesian coordinate system is a coordinate system that specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances to the point from two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.
A CD-ROM is a pre-pressed optical compact disc which contains data.
CD-RW (Compact Disc-ReWritable) is a digital optical disc storage format.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Chris Espinosa is a senior employee of Apple Inc., officially employee number 8.
Claris was a computer software developer formed as a spin-off from Apple Computer (now Apple Inc.) in 1987.
Claris Impact was a presentation and chart computer program made for the Apple Macintosh computer developed by Claris.
Claris Resolve was a spreadsheet computer program for the Apple Macintosh.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, in Las Vegas, January 7–10, 1982).
A Compact Macintosh (or Compact Mac) is an all-in-one Apple Mac computer with a display integrated in the computer case, beginning with the original Macintosh 128K.
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
In software engineering, a compatibility layer is an interface that allows binaries for a legacy or foreign system to run on a host system.
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
In computing, a computer keyboard is a typewriter-style device which uses an arrangement of buttons or keys to act as mechanical levers or electronic switches.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Conventional PCI, often shortened to PCI, is a local computer bus for attaching hardware devices in a computer.
Cooperative multitasking, also known as non-preemptive multitasking, is a style of computer multitasking in which the operating system never initiates a context switch from a running process to another process.
Copland is an unreleased operating system prototype for Apple Macintosh computers of the late 1990s, intended to be released as the modern System 8 successor to the aging but venerable System 7.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
A cross compiler is a compiler capable of creating executable code for a platform other than the one on which the compiler is running.
In computing, cross-platform software (also multi-platform software or platform-independent software) is computer software that is implemented on multiple computing platforms.
Darwin is an open-source Unix operating system first released by Apple Inc. in 2000.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, the desktop metaphor is an interface metaphor which is a set of unifying concepts used by graphical user interfaces to help users interact more easily with the computer.
Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital Research, Inc. (also known as DR or DRI) was a company created by Gary Kildall to market and develop his CP/M operating system and related 8-bit, 16-bit and 32-bit systems like MP/M, Concurrent DOS, Multiuser DOS, DOS Plus, DR DOS and GEM.
DVD (an abbreviation of "digital video disc" or "digital versatile disc") is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips and Sony in 1995.
DVD-RAM (DVD Random Access Memory) is a disc specification presented in 1996 by the DVD Forum, which specifies rewritable DVD-RAM media and the appropriate DVD writers.
A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- "bad" and τόπος "place"; alternatively, cacotopia,Cacotopia (from κακός kakos "bad") was the term used by Jeremy Bentham in his 19th century works kakotopia, or simply anti-utopia) is a community or society that is undesirable or frightening.
The eMac, short for education Mac, is a 2002 Macintosh desktop computer made by Apple Computer, Inc. It was originally aimed at the education market, but was later made available as a cheaper mass-market alternative to Apple's second-generation LCD iMac G4.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
In proprietary software, an end-user license agreement (EULA) or software license agreement is the contract between the licensor and purchaser, establishing the purchaser's right to use the software.
Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies commonly used in local area networks (LAN), metropolitan area networks (MAN) and wide area networks (WAN).
eWeek (Enterprise Newsweekly, stylized as eWEEK) is a technology and business magazine, owned by QuinStreet.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
A floppy disk, also called a floppy, diskette, or just disk, is a type of disk storage composed of a disk of thin and flexible magnetic storage medium, sealed in a rectangular plastic enclosure lined with fabric that removes dust particles.
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd., trading as Foxconn Technology Group, is a multinational electronics contract manufacturing company with its headquarters in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan.
The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement, which promotes the universal freedom to study, distribute, create, and modify computer software, with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft ("share alike") terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
Fremont is a city in Alameda County, California, United States.
Frog (styled as frog) is a global design firm founded in 1969 by industrial designer Hartmut Esslinger in Mutlangen, Germany as "esslinger design".
Front Row is a discontinued media center software application for Apple's Macintosh computers and Apple TV for navigating and viewing video, photos, podcasts, and music from a computer, optical disc, or the Internet through a 10-foot user interface (similar to Kodi and Windows Media Center).
Gartner, Inc. is a global research and advisory firm providing insights, advice, and tools for leaders in IT, Finance, HR, Customer Service and Support, Legal and Compliance, Marketing, Sales, and Supply Chain functions across the world.
GeForce is a brand of graphics processing units (GPUs) designed by Nvidia.
George L. Crow Jr. was a member of the original Apple Macintosh team in 1984 at Apple Computer.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
Gesture recognition is a topic in computer science and language technology with the goal of interpreting human gestures via mathematical algorithms.
The gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
Graphis Inc. is an international publisher of books on communication design.
A Hackintosh is a type of non-Apple computer designed to run unauthorized versions of macOS.
The halo effect is a type of immediate judgement discrepancy, or cognitive bias, where a person making an initial assessment of another person, place, or thing will assume ambiguous information based upon concrete information.
A hard disk drive (HDD), hard disk, hard drive or fixed disk is an electromechanical data storage device that uses magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information using one or more rigid rapidly rotating disks (platters) coated with magnetic material.
Hardware virtualization is the virtualization of computers as complete hardware platforms, certain logical abstractions of their componentry, or only the functionality required to run various operating systems.
Hartmut Esslinger (born June 5, 1944) is a German-American industrial designer and inventor.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
The history of computing hardware starting at 1960 is marked by the conversion from vacuum tube to solid-state devices such as the transistor and later the integrated circuit.
HP (also known as HP Inc. and stylized as hp) is an American technology company which develops personal computers (PCs), printers and related supplies, as well as 3D Printing solutions.
HyperCard is application software and a programming tool for Apple Macintosh and Apple IIGS computers.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The IBM PCjr (read "PC junior") was IBM's first attempt to enter the home computer market.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
The iBook is a line of laptop computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1999 to 2006.
iCloud is a cloud storage and cloud computing service from Apple Inc. launched on October 12, 2011.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
iMac is a family of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers designed and built by Apple Inc. It has been the primary part of Apple's consumer desktop offerings since its debut in August 1998, and has evolved through seven distinct forms.
The iMac G3 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1998 to 2003.
The iMac G4 is an all-in-one personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from January 2002 to August 2004.
The iMac G5 is an all-in-one personal computer that was designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from August 2004 to March 2006.
iMac Pro is an all-in-one personal computer and workstation designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. starting December 14, 2017.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Infocom was a software company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts that produced numerous works of interactive fiction.
Wingz was a spreadsheet program sold by Informix in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
In computing, input/output or I/O (or, informally, io or IO) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.
Inside Macintosh is the name of the developer documentation manuals published by Apple Computer, documenting the APIs and machine architecture of the Macintosh computer.
Installed base (also install base, install user base or just user base) is a measure of the number of units of a product or service that are actually in use, especially software or an Internet or computing platform, as opposed to market share, which only reflects sales over a particular period.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 80486, also known as the i486 or 486, is a higher performance follow-up to the Intel 80386 microprocessor.
International Data Corporation (IDC) is a provider of market intelligence, advisory services, and events for the information technology, telecommunications, and consumer technology markets.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS mobile operating system.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Macintosh version of iTunes was released.
iSight is a brand name used by Apple Inc. to refer to cameras on various devices.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
Jean-Louis Gassée (born March 1944 in Paris, France) is a business executive.
Jef Raskin (March 9, 1943 – February 26, 2005) was an American human–computer interface expert best known for conceiving and starting the Macintosh project at Apple in the late 1970s.
Jerrold Clifford Manock (born February 21, 1944) is an American industrial designer.
Joanna Karine Hoffman (born July 27, 1955) is an American marketing executive.
John Charles Dvorak (born April 5, 1952) is an American columnist and broadcaster in the areas of technology and computing.
John Gruber (born 1973) is a writer, blog publisher, UI designer, and the inventor of the Markdown publishing format.
John Sculley III (born April 6, 1939) is an American businessman, entrepreneur and investor in high-tech startups.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Sir Jonathan Paul Ive, KBE, HonFREng, RDI (born 27 February 1967) is an English industrial designer who is currently the chief design officer (CDO) of Apple and chancellor of the Royal College of Art in London.
The kilobit is a multiple of the unit bit for digital information or computer storage.
The kilobyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
The LaserWriter is a laser printer with built-in PostScript interpreter sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1985 to 1988.
Lemmings was a television commercial that launched the "Macintosh Office" by Apple Computer in the United States, in January 1985, a year after the introduction of the Apple Macintosh in 1984.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
LibreOffice is a free and open source office suite, a project of The Document Foundation.
The DISER Lilith is a custom built workstation computer based on the AMD 2901 bit-slice processor, created by a group led by Niklaus Wirth at ETH Zürich.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Linux kernel is an open-source monolithic Unix-like computer operating system kernel.
This list of Macintosh models by case type contains all case designs used by Apple Inc. for its Macintosh computers.
This list of Macintosh models grouped by CPU type contains all CPUs used by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh computers.
The following is a list of Macintosh software—notable computer applications for current macOS systems.
This is a list of Apple Macintosh software published by Microsoft.
This is a list of macOS (earlier called Mac OS X) components, features that are included in the current Mac operating system.
Lotus 1-2-3 is a discontinued spreadsheet program from Lotus Software (later part of IBM).
Lotus Jazz Release 1 was an integrated suite of word processor, spreadsheet, database, graphics, and communication software designed for the Macintosh 512K.
Lotus Software (called Lotus Development Corporation before its acquisition by IBM) was an American software company based in Massachusetts.
The Mac mini (marketed and branded with lowercase "mini" as Mac mini) is a small desktop computer manufactured by Apple Inc. Like earlier mini-ITX PC designs, it is square and tall.
Mac OS 8 is an operating system that was released by Apple Computer, Inc. on July 26, 1997.
Mac OS 9 is the ninth and final major release of Apple's classic Mac OS operating system.
Historically, the classic Mac OS used a form of memory management that has fallen out of favor in modern systems.
Mac OS X version 10.0 (code named Cheetah) is the first major release of Mac OS X (later named OS X and then macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X 10.1 (code named Puma) is the second major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Jaguar (version 10.2) is the third major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Panther (version 10.3) is the fourth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
The Mac OS X Public Beta (internally code named "Kodiak") was the first publicly available version of Apple Computer's Mac OS X (now named macOS) operating system Cheetah to feature the Aqua user interface.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
The Mac Pro is a series of workstation and server computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Inc. since 2006.
The MacBook is a brand of notebook computers manufactured by Apple Inc. from May 2006 to February 2012, and relaunched in 2015.
The MacBook is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in March 2015 by Apple Inc.
The MacBook Air is a line of Macintosh subnotebook computers developed and manufactured by Apple Inc. It consists of a full-size keyboard, a machined aluminum case, and a thin light structure.
The MacBook Pro (sometimes abbreviated as MBP) is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006 by Apple Inc.
Mach is a kernel developed at Carnegie Mellon University to support operating system research, primarily distributed and parallel computing.
The Macintosh 128K, originally released as the Apple Macintosh, is the original Apple Macintosh personal computer.
The Macintosh 512K is a personal computer that was designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, inc. from September 1984 to April 1986.
Macintosh Centris is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. in 1992 and 1993.
The Macintosh Classic is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to September 1992.
The Macintosh Classic II (also sold as the Performa 200) is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1991 to September 1993.
The earliest Mac clones were based on Emulators and reverse-engineered Macintosh ROMs.
The Macintosh External Disk Drive is the original of a series of external 3.5" floppy disk drives manufactured and sold by Apple Computer exclusively for the Macintosh series of computers introduced in January 1984.
Hardware of the Macintosh (or Mac) is produced solely by Apple Inc., who determines internal systems, designs, and prices.
The Macintosh II is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to January 1990.
The Macintosh IIci is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to February 1993.
The Macintosh IIcx is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1989 to March 1991.
The Macintosh IIfx is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1990 to April 1992.
The Macintosh IIsi is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1993.
The Macintosh IIx is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1988 to October 1990.
The Macintosh LC is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1990 to March 1992.
The Macintosh LC II is a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1992 to March 1993.
The Macintosh Office was an effort by Apple Computer to design an office-wide computing environment consisting of Macintosh computers, a local area networking system, a file server, and a networked laser printer.
The family of Macintosh operating systems developed by Apple Inc. includes the graphical user interface-based operating systems it has designed for use with its Macintosh series of personal computers since 1984, as well as the related system software it once created for compatible third-party systems.
The Macintosh Performa is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1992 to 1997.
The Macintosh Plus computer is the third model in the Macintosh line, introduced on January 16, 1986, two years after the original Macintosh and a little more than a year after the Macintosh 512K, with a price tag of US$2599.
The Macintosh Portable is a laptop designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from September 1989 to October 1991.
Macintosh Programmer's Workshop or MPW, is a software development environment for the Classic Mac OS operating system, written by Apple Computer.
The Macintosh Quadra is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from October 1991 to October 1995.
The Macintosh SE was a personal computer designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from March 1987 to October 1990.
The Macintosh SE/30 is a personal computer designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from January 1989 to October 1991.
The Macintosh XL is a modified version of the Apple Lisa personal computer made by Apple Computer, Inc. In the Macintosh XL configuration, the computer shipped with MacWorks XL, a Lisa program that allowed 64 K Macintosh ROM emulation.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
macOS High Sierra (version 10.13) is the fourteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers.
macOS Mojave (version 10.14) is the upcoming fifteenth major release of macOS, Apple Inc.'s desktop operating system for Macintosh computers.
MacPaint is a raster graphics editor developed by Apple Computer and released with the original Macintosh personal computer on January 24, 1984.
MacProject was a project management and scheduling business application released along with the first Apple Macintosh systems in 1984.
MacPublisher was the first Desktop Publishing program for the Apple Macintosh, introduced in 1984, the same year that Apple introduced the Macintosh.
Macworld is a web site dedicated to products and software of Apple Inc., published by Mac Publishing, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California.
MacWrite was a WYSIWYG word processor application released along with the first Apple Macintosh systems in 1984.
The Magic Mouse is a multi-touch mouse that was manufactured and sold by Apple.
The Magic Trackpad is a multi-touch trackpad produced by Apple Inc. Announced on July 27, 2010, it is 80% larger than the trackpad found on the current MacBook family of laptops.
Market research (also in some contexts known as industrial research) is any organized effort to gather information about target markets or customers.
Market share is the percentage of a market (defined in terms of either units or revenue) accounted for by a specific entity.
The McIntosh, McIntosh Red, or colloquially the Mac, is an apple cultivar, the national apple of Canada.
McIntosh Laboratory is an American manufacturer of handcrafted high-end audio equipment based in Binghamton, New York.
The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
A memory management unit (MMU), sometimes called paged memory management unit (PMMU), is a computer hardware unit having all memory references passed through itself, primarily performing the translation of virtual memory addresses to physical addresses.
Memory protection is a way to control memory access rights on a computer, and is a part of most modern instruction set architectures and operating systems.
Michael Spindler (22 December 1942 in Berlin – 2017) was president and CEO of Apple from 1993 to 1996.
In computer science, a microkernel (also known as μ-kernel) is the near-minimum amount of software that can provide the mechanisms needed to implement an operating system (OS).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Office is a family of client software, server software, and services developed by Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Microsoft Word (or simply Word) is a word processor developed by Microsoft.
The Mini DisplayPort (MiniDP or mDP) is a miniaturized version of the DisplayPort audio-visual digital interface.
MkLinux is an open source computer operating system started by the Open Software Foundation Research Institute and Apple Computer in February 1996 to port Linux to the PowerPC platform, and Macintosh computers.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or values of one color.
The MOS Technology 6502 (typically "sixty-five-oh-two" or "six-five-oh-two") William Mensch and the moderator both pronounce the 6502 microprocessor as "sixty-five-oh-two".
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Motorola 68000 ("'sixty-eight-thousand'"; also called the m68k or Motorola 68k, "sixty-eight-kay") is a 16/32-bit CISC microprocessor, which implements a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and 32-bit internal data bus, but with a 16-bit data ALU and two 16-bit arithmetic ALUs and a 16-bit external data bus, designed and marketed by Motorola Semiconductor Products Sector.
The Motorola 68020 ("sixty-eight-oh-twenty", "sixty-eight-oh-two-oh" or "six-eight-oh-two-oh") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1984.
The Motorola 68030 ("sixty-eight-oh-thirty") is a 32-bit microprocessor in the Motorola 68000 family.
The Motorola 68040 ("sixty-eight-oh-forty") is a 32-bit microprocessor from Motorola, released in 1990.
The Motorola 6809 ("sixty-eight-oh-nine") is an 8-bit microprocessor CPU with some 16-bit features from Motorola.
The Motorola StarMax was a line of Macintosh clones produced by Motorola in 1996 and 1997.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
MSNBC is an American news cable and satellite television network that provides news coverage and political commentary from NBC News on current events.
Multi-booting is the act of installing multiple operating systems on a computer, and being able to choose which one to boot.
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
In computing, multi-touch is technology that enables a surface (a trackpad or touchscreen) to recognize the presence of more than one or more than two points of contact with the surface.
MultiFinder is an extension for the Apple Macintosh's classic Mac OS, introduced on August 11, 1987 and included with System Software 5.
Multiplan was an early spreadsheet program developed by Microsoft.
Net Applications is a web analytics firm.
Newsweek is an American weekly magazine founded in 1933.
NeXT (later NeXT Computer and NeXT Software) was an American computer and software company founded in 1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.
No Starch Press is an American publishing company, specializing in technical literature often geared towards the geek, hacker, and DIY subcultures.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
NuBus (pron. 'New Bus') is a 32-bit parallel computer bus, originally developed at MIT and standardized in 1987 as a part of the NuMachine workstation project.
O'Reilly (Ó Raghallaigh) is a group of families, ultimately all of Irish Gaelic origin, who were historically the kings of East Bréifne in what is today County Cavan.
Old World ROM computers are the Macintosh (Mac) models that use a Macintosh Toolbox read-only memory (ROM) chip, usually in a socket (but soldered to the motherboard in some models).
Open architecture is a type of computer architecture or software architecture that is designed to make adding, upgrading and swapping components easy.
Open Firmware, or OpenBoot in Sun Microsystems parlance, is a standard defining the interfaces of a computer firmware system, formerly endorsed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Open-source software (OSS) is a type of computer software whose source code is released under a license in which the copyright holder grants users the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
OpenBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like computer operating system descended from Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), a Research Unix derivative developed at the University of California, Berkeley.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
An order of magnitude is an approximate measure of the number of digits that a number has in the commonly-used base-ten number system.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Parallels Desktop for Mac, by Parallels, is software providing hardware virtualization for Macintosh computers with Intel processors.
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California, with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems.
Pascal is an imperative and procedural programming language, which Niklaus Wirth designed in 1968–69 and published in 1970, as a small, efficient language intended to encourage good programming practices using structured programming and data structuring. It is named in honor of the French mathematician, philosopher and physicist Blaise Pascal. Pascal was developed on the pattern of the ALGOL 60 language. Wirth had already developed several improvements to this language as part of the ALGOL X proposals, but these were not accepted and Pascal was developed separately and released in 1970. A derivative known as Object Pascal designed for object-oriented programming was developed in 1985; this was used by Apple Computer and Borland in the late 1980s and later developed into Delphi on the Microsoft Windows platform. Extensions to the Pascal concepts led to the Pascal-like languages Modula-2 and Oberon.
A PC booter, or booter, is a type of software for home computer era (late 1970s to early 1990s) personal computers that was loaded and executed in the bootup of the computer, from a bootable floppy disk, rather than as a regular program; a booter thus bypassed any operating system that might be installed on the hard disk of the computer.
Peachpit is a publisher of books focused on graphic design, web design, and development.
Pegatron Corporation (lit. Grand Mastery United Technology Corporation) is a Taiwanese electronics manufacturing company that develops mainly computing, communications and consumer electronics to branded vendors, but also engages in the development, design and manufacturing of computer peripherals and components.
Penguin Books is a British publishing house.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
In computing, a pizza box is a style of case for computers or network switches.
The Post-PC era is a market trend observed during the late 2000s and early 2010s involving a decline in the sales of personal computers in favor of post-PC devices; which include mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers as well as other mobile computers such as wearable and ubiquitous ones.
Power Computing Corporation (often referred to as Power Computing) was the first company selected by Apple Inc to create Macintosh-compatible computers ("Mac clones").
The Power Mac G4 is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1999 to 2004 as part of the Power Macintosh line.
The Power Mac G4 Cube is a small form factor Macintosh personal computer from Apple Computer, Inc., sold between 2000 and 2001.
The Power Macintosh, later Power Mac, is a family of personal computers that were designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. as part of its Macintosh brand from March 1994 until August 2006.
The Power Macintosh G3 (also sold with additional software as the Macintosh Server G3) is a series of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from November 1997 to August 1999.
The PowerBook (known as Macintosh PowerBook before 1997) is a family of Macintosh laptop computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1991 to 2006.
The PowerBook 100 is a portable subnotebook personal computer that was designed and manufactured by Sony for Apple Computer and introduced on October 21, 1991, at the COMDEX computer expo in Las Vegas, Nevada.
The PowerBook 140 was released in the first line of PowerBooks.
The PowerBook 160 is a portable computer that was released by Apple Computer along with the PowerBook 145 and PowerBook 180 in October 1992.
The PowerBook 170 was released by Apple Inc. in 1991 along with the PowerBook 100 and the PowerBook 140.
The PowerBook 500 series (codenamed Blackbird, which it shared with the older Macintosh IIfx) is a range of Apple Macintosh PowerBook portable computers first introduced by Apple Computer with the 540c model on May 16, 1994.
The PowerBook G3 is a series of laptop Macintosh personal computers designed, manufactured and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1997 to 2001.
The PowerBook G4 is a series of notebook computers manufactured, marketed, and sold by Apple Computer, Inc. between 2001 and 2006 as part of its PowerBook line of notebooks.
PowerPC (with the backronym Performance Optimization With Enhanced RISC – Performance Computing, sometimes abbreviated as PPC) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) created by the 1991 Apple–IBM–Motorola alliance, known as AIM.
The PowerPC 7xx is a family of third generation 32-bit PowerPC microprocessors designed and manufactured by IBM and Motorola (now Freescale Semiconductor).
PowerPC G4 is a designation used by Apple Computer and Eyetech to describe a fourth generation of 32-bit PowerPC microprocessors.
In computing, preemption is the act of temporarily interrupting a task being carried out by a computer system, without requiring its cooperation, and with the intention of resuming the task at a later time.
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
Productivity software (sometimes called personal productivity software or office productivity software) is application software dedicated to producing information, such as documents, presentations, worksheets, databases, charts, graphs, digital paintings, electronic music and digital video.
QuarkXPress is a desktop publishing software for creating and editing complex page layouts in a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) environment.
QuickDraw is the 2D graphics library and associated Application Programming Interface (API) which is a core part of the classic Mac OS operating system.
Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group (formerly AMD Vision), a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
Read-only memory (ROM) is a type of non-volatile memory used in computers and other electronic devices.
Reality distortion field is a term used by Bud Tribble at Apple Computer in 1981, to describe company co-founder Steve Jobs's charisma and its effects on the developers working on the Macintosh project.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
Revolution in the Valley: The Insanely Great Story of How the Mac Was Made is a nonfiction book written by Andy Hertzfeld about the birth of the Apple Macintosh personal computer.
Sir Ridley Scott (born 30 November 1937) is an English film director and producer.
Rosetta is a discontinued dynamic binary translator for Mac OS X that allowed many PowerPC applications to run on certain Intel-based Macintosh computers without modification.
A scroll wheel (or mouse wheel) is a hard plastic or rubbery disc (the "wheel") on a computer mouse that is perpendicular to the mouse surface.
Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) is a set of standards for physically connecting and transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
A SIMM, or single in-line memory module, is a type of memory module containing random-access memory used in computers from the early 1980s to the late 1990s.
A sleeveless shirt is a shirt manufactured without sleeves, or one whose sleeves have been cut off.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
The Snow White design language is an industrial design language which was developed by Hartmut Esslinger's Frog Design.
A software developer is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming, and testing of computer software.
Solder (or in North America) is a fusible metal alloy used to create a permanent bond between metal workpieces.
A spreadsheet is an interactive computer application for organization, analysis and storage of data in tabular form.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
State of the art (sometimes cutting edge) refers to the highest level of general development, as of a device, technique, or scientific field achieved at a particular time.
Steve Capps is an American computer programmer, who was one of the designers of the original Apple Macintosh computer.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
Stephen Gary Wozniak (born on August 11, 1950), often referred to by the nickname Woz, is an American inventor, electronics engineer, programmer, philanthropist, and technology entrepreneur who co-founded Apple Computer, Inc.
Super Bowl XVIII was an American football game between the National Football Conference (NFC) champion Washington Redskins and the American Football Conference (AFC) champion Los Angeles Raiders to decide the National Football League (NFL) champion for the 1983 season.
SuperDrive is a trademark used by Apple Inc. for two different storage drives: from 1988 to 1999 to refer to a high-density floppy disk drive capable of reading all major 3.5″ disk formats; and from 2001 onwards to refer to a CD/DVD reader/writer.
Susan Kare (born February 5, 1954) is an artist and graphic designer who created many of the interface elements and typefaces for the Apple Macintosh in the 1980s.
System 7 (codenamed "Big Bang" and sometimes retrospectively called Mac OS 7) is a graphical user interface-based operating system for Macintosh computers and is part of the classic Mac OS series of operating systems.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
A taskbar is an element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes.
Text-based user interface (TUI), also called textual user interface or terminal user interface, is a retronym coined sometime after the invention of graphical user interfaces.
The Argus was a newspaper in the town of Fremont, California.
The Cult of Mac is a book by Leander Kahney.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The NPD Group, Inc. (NPD; formerly National Purchase Diary Panel Inc. and NPD Research Inc.) is an American market research company founded on September 28, 1966 and based in Port Washington, New York.
The Second Coming of Steve Jobs is an unauthorized biography chronicling the life of Steve Jobs, a co-founder of Apple Inc by Vanity Fair magazine writer Alan Deutschman.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
A touchpad or trackpad is a pointing device featuring a tactile sensor, a specialized surface that can translate the motion and position of a user's fingers to a relative position on the operating system that is made output to the screen.
A trackball is a pointing device consisting of a ball held by a socket containing sensors to detect a rotation of the ball about two axes—like an upside-down mouse with an exposed protruding ball.
In computing, the Trash (also known as the Recycle Bin in Windows and by other names in other operating systems) is temporary storage for files that have been deleted in a file manager by the user, but not yet permanently erased from the file system.
Ultrabook is an Intel specification and trademark for a line of high-end subnotebook computers featuring reduced bulk without compromising battery life.
UMAX Technologies, originally known as UMAX Computer Corporation, is a manufacturer of computer products, including scanners, mice, and flash drives, based in Taiwan.
The Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is a specification that defines a software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States courts of appeals or circuit courts are the intermediate appellate courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
USB (abbreviation of Universal Serial Bus), is an industry standard that was developed to define cables, connectors and protocols for connection, communication, and power supply between personal computers and their peripheral devices.
USB 3.0 is the third major version of the Universal Serial Bus (USB) standard for interfacing computers and electronic devices.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
A vehicle frame, also known as its chassis, is the main supporting structure of a motor vehicle, to which all other components are attached, comparable to the skeleton of an organism.
VentureBeat is an American technology website.
A video card (also called a display card, graphics card, display adapter or graphics adapter) is an expansion card which generates a feed of output images to a display (such as a computer monitor).
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games.
In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.
In computing, virtual memory (also virtual storage) is a memory management technique that provides an "idealized abstraction of the storage resources that are actually available on a given machine" which "creates the illusion to users of a very large (main) memory." The computer's operating system, using a combination of hardware and software, maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
Oracle VM VirtualBox (formerly Sun VirtualBox, Sun xVM VirtualBox and Innotek VirtualBox) is a free and open-source hypervisor for x86 computers currently being developed by Oracle Corporation.
VMware Fusion is a software hypervisor developed by VMware for Macintosh computers.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
Windows 10 (codenamed Redstone, formerly Threshold) is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft, as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 3.0, a graphical environment, is the third major release of Microsoft Windows, and was released on May 22, 1990.
Windows 3.1x (codenamed Janus) is a series of 16-bit operating environments produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows 8 is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows 8.1 (codenamed Blue) is a computer operating system released by Microsoft.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Virtual PC (successor to Microsoft Virtual PC 2007, Microsoft Virtual PC 2004, and Connectix Virtual PC) is a virtualization program for Microsoft Windows.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
Wintel is a portmanteau of Windows and Intel, referring to personal computers using Intel x86-compatible processors running Microsoft Windows.
Wired is a monthly American magazine, published in print and online editions, that focuses on how emerging technologies affect culture, the economy, and politics.
A workaround is a bypass of a recognized problem or limitation in a system.
The X Window System (X11, or shortened to simply X) is a windowing system for bitmap displays, common on UNIX-like computer operating systems.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
The Xerox Alto is the first computer designed from its inception to support an operating system based on a graphical user interface (GUI), later using the desktop metaphor.
XNU is the computer operating system kernel developed at Apple Inc. since December 1996 for use in the macOS operating system and released as free and open-source software as part of the Darwin operating system.
Xserve is a line of rack unit computers designed by Apple Inc. for use as servers.
"1984" is an American television commercial that introduced the Apple Macintosh personal computer.
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