18 relations: Budget, Central bank, Debt, Deficit spending, Discount window, Economic growth, Economy, Eurozone, Federal funds rate, Federal Reserve System, Fiscal policy, Gross domestic product, Inflation, Jan Tinbergen, Monetary policy, Reserve requirement, Tax, United States Treasury security.
A budget is a financial plan for a defined period of time, usually a year.It may also include planned sales volumes and revenues, resource quantities, costs and expenses, assets, liabilities and cash flows.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
Deficit spending is the amount by which spending exceeds revenue over a particular period of time, also called simply deficit, or budget deficit; the opposite of budget surplus.
The discount window is an instrument of monetary policy (usually controlled by central banks) that allows eligible institutions to borrow money from the central bank, usually on a short-term basis, to meet temporary shortages of liquidity caused by internal or external disruptions.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
In the United States, the federal funds rate is the interest rate at which depository institutions (banks and credit unions) lend reserve balances to other depository institutions overnight, on an uncollateralized basis.
The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.
In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (mainly taxes) and expenditure (spending) to influence the economy.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
Jan Tinbergen (April 12, 1903June 9, 1994) was an important Dutch economist.
Monetary policy is the process by which the monetary authority of a country, typically the central bank or currency board, controls either the cost of very short-term borrowing or the monetary base, often targeting an inflation rate or interest rate to ensure price stability and general trust in the currency.
The reserve requirement (or cash reserve ratio) is a central bank regulation employed by most, but not all, of the world's central banks, that sets the minimum amount of reserves that must be held by a commercial bank.
A tax (from the Latin taxo) is a mandatory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or other legal entity) by a governmental organization in order to fund various public expenditures.
A United States Treasury security is an IOU from the US Government.