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A & C Black is a British book publishing company, owned since 2002 by Bloomsbury Publishing.
A Coruña (is a city and municipality of Galicia, Spain. It is the second most populated city in the autonomous community and seventeenth overall in the country. The city is the provincial capital of the province of the same name, having also served as political capital of the Kingdom of Galicia from the 16th to the 19th centuries, and as a regional administrative centre between 1833 and 1982, before being replaced by Santiago de Compostela. A Coruña is a busy port located on a promontory in the Golfo Ártabro, a large gulf on the Atlantic Ocean. It provides a distribution point for agricultural goods from the region.
Abu Dhabi (أبو ظبي) is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
ACS, Actividades de Construcción y Servicios, S.A. is a Spanish company dedicated to civil and engineering construction, all types services and telecommunications.
Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport (Aeropuerto Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas), commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain.
Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, AEMET (translated from Spanish as the State Meteorological Agency) is Spain's meteorological agency operating under the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment.
Agustín Rodríguez Sahagún (Ávila, 27 March 1932 - Paris, 13 October 1991) was a Spanish politician and businessman as well as being a doctor in economics and law who was best known as being the mayor of Madrid from 1989-1991.
Ahora Madrid (Madrid Now) is a citizen platform of popular unity, formed as an instrumental party without organic internal life, in order to stand for the municipal elections of 2015 in the city of Madrid.
Air cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
The Alans (or Alani) were an Iranian nomadic pastoral people of antiquity.
Albacete (translit) is a city and municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of Castilla–La Mancha, and capital of the province of Albacete.
Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jiménez (born 11 December 1958) is a Spanish politician and former Minister of Justice.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
Alcalá de Henares, meaning Castle on the Henares (river), in Arabic قلعة النار, is a Spanish city located northeast of the country's capital, Madrid.
An alcázar is a type of Moorish castle or palace in Spain and Portugal built during Muslim rule, although some were founded by Christians and others were built on earlier Roman or Visigothic fortifications.
Alcobendas is a city located in the Community of Madrid, central Spain.
Alcorcón is a city in the south-west of the Madrid metropolitan area, Spain.
Alfonso VI (1 July 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was the son of King Ferdinand I of León and Queen Sancha, daughter of Alfonso V and sister of Bermudo III.
Alfonso VIII (11 November 11555 October 1214), called the Noble (El Noble) or the one of the Navas (el de las Navas), was the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo.
Alfonso X el Sabio University (Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio in Spanish language, UAX) is a private university in Madrid, Spain.
Alfonso XI of Castile (13 August 131126/27 March 1350), called the Avenger (el Justiciero), was the king of Castile, León and Galicia.
Alfonso XIII (Spanish: Alfonso León Fernando María Jaime Isidro Pascual Antonio de Borbón y Habsburgo-Lorena; 17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941) was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic in 1931.
Alicante, or Alacant, both the Spanish and Valencian being official names, is a city and port in Spain on the Costa Blanca, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of Alacantí, in the south of the Valencian Community.
The neighborhood of Almenara is located in the district of Tetuán, Madrid, Spain.
Almudena Cathedral (Santa María la Real de La Almudena) is a Catholic church in Madrid, Spain.
Alonso González de Berruguete (Alonso Berruguete) (c. 1488 – 1561) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and architect.
Aluche is a barrio of the city of Madrid, situated in the southwest of the city, in the Latina district.
The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.
Ana Botella Serrano (born 23 July 1953) is a Spanish politician belonging to the Spanish People's Party and the first female mayor of Madrid, from December 2011 to June 2015.
Andalusian Arabic, also known as Andalusi Arabic, was a variety or varieties of the Arabic language spoken in Al-Andalus, the regions of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal) under Muslim rule (and for some time after) from the 9th century to the 17th century.
Andorra la Vella (Andorra la Vieja, Andorre-la-Vieille) is the capital of the Principality of Andorra.
Andrés Manuel del Río Fernández (10 November 1764 – 23 March 1849) was a Spanish–Mexican scientist and naturalist who discovered compounds of vanadium in 1801.
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Saint Anthony of Padua (St.), born Fernando Martins de Bulhões (15 August 1195 – 13 June 1231), also known as Anthony of Lisbon, was a Portuguese Catholic priest and friar of the Franciscan Order.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio (August 1489 – March 5, 1534), usually known as Correggio, was the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century.
Antonio López García (born 6 January 1936) is a Spanish painter and sculptor, known for his realistic style.
Antonio Palacios Ramilo (8 January 1874 - 27 October 1945) was a Spanish architect.
Antonio Stradivari; (1644 – December 18, 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas and harps.
Apollo (Attic, Ionic, and Homeric Greek: Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric: Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot: Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic: Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
Aranda de Duero is a town and municipality, capital of the Ribera del Duero comarca, in south of the province of Burgos, in Castile and León, Spain.
Aravaca is a ward (Barrio) of the city of Madrid, in Moncloa-Aravaca district.
Arbutus unedo, the strawberry tree, is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the family Ericaceae, native to the Mediterranean region and western Europe north to western France and Ireland.
Arganda del Rey is a municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid in central Spain.
Arganzuela is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Aristotle Mountains is the fan-shaped sequence of ridges spreading east-northeastwards from its summit Madrid Dome (1650 m) on Oscar II Coast in Graham Land on the Antarctic Peninsula.
Arturo Soria y Mata (1844-1920) was an internationally important Spanish urban planner whose work remains highly inspirational today.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the interests of male professional tennis players.
Asunción is the capital and largest city of Paraguay.
The Aswan Dam, or more specifically since the 1960s, the Aswan High Dam, is an embankment dam built across the Nile in Aswan, Egypt, between 1960 and 1970.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
Club Atlético de Madrid, SAD, commonly known as Atlético Madrid, or simply as Atlético or Atleti, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid, that plays in La Liga.
The ATP World Tour Masters 1000 (previously known as the ATP Championship Series, Single-Week, ATP Mercedes-Benz Super 9, Tennis Masters Series, and ATP Masters Series) is the third highest tier of annual men's tennis tournament after the four Grand Slam tournaments and the ATP Finals.
François Auguste René Rodin (12 November 1840 – 17 November 1917), known as Auguste Rodin, was a French sculptor.
Austerity is a political-economic term referring to policies that aim to reduce government budget deficits through spending cuts, tax increases, or a combination of both.
In Spain, an autonomous community (comunidad autónoma, autonomia erkidegoa, comunitat autònoma, comunidade autónoma, comunautat autonòma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.
The Autonomous University of Madrid (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; UAM) is a Spanish public university established in 1968.
An autovía is one of two classes of major highway in the Spanish road system similar to a British motorway or an American freeway.
Alta Velocidad Española (AVE) is a service of high-speed rail in Spain operated by Renfe, the Spanish national railway company, at speeds of up to.
AZCA, an acronym for Asociación Mixta de Compensación de la Manzana A de la Zona Comercial de la Avenida del Generalísimo ("Mixed Association for Compensation of the A Block of the Commercial Area of the Avenue of the Generalisimo", now called the Avenue of Paseo de la Castellana), is a financial district in downtown Madrid, Spain.
Badajoz (formerly written Badajos in English) is the capital of the Province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain.
Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A. (BBVA) (is a multinational Spanish banking group. It was formed from a merger of Banco Bilbao Vizcaya and Argentaria in 1999, and is the second largest bank in Spain. The company is a constituent of the IBEX 35 and Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index. In 2007, the firm started an initiative to digitally transform the bank. Following implementation, it saw a 19% year-on-year increase in new customers. As of 2015, the total number of these clients stood at 14.8 million.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
The Bank of Spain (Banco de España), is the central bank of Spain.
Barajas is the name of a district belonging to the city of Madrid, Spain.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (born late December 1617, baptized January 1, 1618April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter.
The Pontifical Basilica of St.
The Royal Basilica of San Francisco el Grande (in Spanish: Real Basílica de san Francisco el Grande) is a Roman Catholic church in central Madrid, Spain, located in the Barrio (neighborhood) of La Latina.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Battle of Pavia, fought on the morning of 24 February 1525, was the decisive engagement of the Italian War of 1521–26.
The Battle of Villalar was a battle in the Revolt of the Comuneros fought on April 23, 1521 near the town of Villalar in Valladolid province, Spain.
Bayonne (Gascon: Baiona; Baiona; Bayona) is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.
Bears are carnivoran mammals of the family Ursidae.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
Benavente is a town and municipality in the north of the province of Zamora, in the autonomous community Castile and León of Spain.
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.
The Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world.
The Bicha of Balazote is an Iberian sculpture that was found in the borough of Balazote in Albacete province (Castile-La Mancha), Spain.
Biodiversity, a portmanteau of biological (life) and diversity, generally refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth.
Boadilla del Monte is a town and municipality in central Spain.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bohemian Lights, or Luces de Bohemia in the original Spanish, is a play written by Ramón del Valle-Inclán, published in 1924.
Bolivia (Mborivia; Buliwya; Wuliwya), officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
Botellón (Spanish for "big bottle") is a Spanish activity when people congregate in public areas to socialize while drinking alcohol.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Bridge of Toledo (Spanish: Puente de Toledo) is a bridge located in Madrid, Spain.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Brussels tapestry workshops produced tapestry from at least the 15th century, but the city's early production in the Late Gothic International style was eclipsed by the more prominent tapestry-weaving workshops based in Arras and Tournai.
Buen Retiro Palace (Spanish: Palacio del Buen Retiro) in Madrid was a large palace complex designed by the architect Alonso Carbonell (c. 1590–1660) and built on the orders of Philip IV of Spain as a secondary residence and place of recreation (hence its name).
Buenos Aires is the capital and most populous city of Argentina.
In social science, the term built environment, or built world, refers to the human-made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from buildings to parks.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Bullfighting is a physical contest that involves humans and animals attempting to publicly subdue, immobilise, or kill a bull, usually according to a set of rules, guidelines, or cultural expectations.
Burgos is a city in northern Spain and the historic capital of Castile.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
Business administration is management of a business.
A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management.
The C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) connects 90 of the world’s greatest cities, representing 650+ million people and one quarter of the global economy.
CaixaForum Madrid is a museum and cultural center in Paseo del Prado 36, Madrid.
The Caliphate of Córdoba (خلافة قرطبة; trans. Khilāfat Qurṭuba) was a state in Islamic Iberia along with a part of North Africa ruled by the Umayyad dynasty.
Calle de Alcalá is the longest street in Madrid.
Campo de Fútbol de Vallecas (originally Nuevo Estadio de Vallecas and previously Estadio Teresa Rivero) is a football stadium in the Madrid neighborhood of Vallecas, Spain.
Canillejas is an ancient village of Madrid, Spain, lying to the east of the city.
Carabanchel is a district in the south western suburbs of Madrid, Spain.
Caracas, officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and centre of the Greater Caracas Area, and the largest city of Venezuela.
Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio (28 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian painter active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily from the early 1590s to 1610.
The Carpetani (Greek: Karpetanoi) were one of the Celtic pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula (the Roman Hispania, modern Spain and Portugal), akin to the Celtiberians, dwelling in the central part of the meseta - the high central upland plain of the Iberian Peninsula.
Edificio de Las Cariátides (Caryatid Building) is a building in the Spanish capital of Madrid built by Spanish architect, Antonio Palacios.
The Casa de Campo (for Spanish: Country House) is the largest public park in Madrid.
Casas a la malicia, also called casas de difícil/incómoda partición (malice houses) were a form of construction unique to Madrid in the modern age, from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
Castile and León (Castilla y León; Leonese: Castiella y Llión; Castela e León) is an autonomous community in north-western Spain.
Castilla–La Mancha (or Castile–La Mancha) is an autonomous community of Spain.
The Castro District, commonly referenced as The Castro, is a neighborhood in Eureka Valley in San Francisco.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Monarchs is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon.
The Cave of Altamira (Cueva de Altamira) located near the historic town Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, Spain, is renowned for its numerous parietal cave paintings featuring charcoal drawings and polychrome paintings of contemporary local fauna and human hands, created during the Upper Paleolithic.
Cádiz (see other pronunciations below) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.
The Círculo de Bellas Artes is a private, non-profit, cultural organization that was founded in 1880.
Córdoba, also called Cordoba or Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba.
Club Estudiantes, S.A.D., known as Movistar Estudiantes for sponsorship reasons, is a basketball team based in the city of Madrid, Community of Madrid.
Cebu City (Dakbayan sa Sugbu; Lungsod ng Cebu) is a first class highly urbanized city in the island province of Cebu in Central Visayas, Philippines.
The Central Almond (Spanish Almendra central) is a zone of Madrid made of seven districts: Centro, Arganzuela, Retiro, Salamanca, Chamartín, Tetuán, and Chamberí, (even though, sometimes, the Madrid Council includes part of an eighth, Moncloa-Aravaca, specifically the Argüelles yard, all inside the M30 motorway. La Vanguardia, consultado el 29 de septiembre de 2011.
A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages a state's currency, money supply, and interest rates.
Central stations or central railway stations emerged in the second half of the nineteenth century as railway stations that had initially been built on the edge of city centres were enveloped by urban expansion and became an integral part of the city centres themselves.
Centro is the central district of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Cercanías Madrid is the commuter rail service that serves Madrid, the capital of Spain, and its metropolitan area.
Chamartín is an administrative district of Madrid, Spain and consists of the following neighborhoods: El Viso, La Prosperidad, Ciudad Jardín, Hispanoamérica, Nueva España, and Castilla.
The Chamartín Symphony Orchestra (Orquesta Sinfónica Chamartín) is a symphony orchestra based in Madrid, Spain.
Chamberí is one of the 21 districts of Madrid, Spain and organized administratively into six neighborhoods (Gaztambide, Arapiles, Trafalgar, Almagro, Ríos Rosas y Vallehermoso).
The Chapel of Obispo de Madrid (Spanish: Capilla del Obispo de Madrid) is a chapel located in Madrid, Spain.
Charles II of Spain (Carlos II; 6 November 1661 – 1 November 1700), also known as El Hechizado or the Bewitched, was the last Habsburg ruler of the Spanish Empire.
Charles III (Spanish: Carlos; Italian: Carlo; 20 January 1716 – 14 December 1788) was King of Spain and the Spanish Indies (1759–1788), after ruling Naples as Charles VII and Sicily as Charles V (1734–1759), kingdoms he abdicated to his son Ferdinand.
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is a public university in the Community of Madrid, Spain.
Charles IV (Spanish: Carlos Antonio Pascual Francisco Javier Juan Nepomuceno José Januario Serafín Diego; 11 November 1748 – 20 January 1819) was King of Spain from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Chinese people in Spain form the ninth-largest non-European Union foreign community in Spain.
Chueca is a neighborhood of downtown Madrid, named after its main square, Plaza de Chueca.
The Church of La Concepción (in Spanish: iglesia de la Concepción) is a neogothic catholic temple in Madrid, Spain.
Churrigueresque refers to a Spanish Baroque style of elaborate sculptural architectural ornament which emerged as a manner of stucco decoration in Spain in the late 17th century and was used up to about 1750, marked by extreme, expressive and florid decorative detailing, normally found above the entrance on the main facade of a building.
Backstage at Cibeles Madrid Fashion Week. Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Madrid 2017. Mercedes-Benz Fashion Week Madrid, was known as Pasarela Cibeles until 2008 or Cibeles Madrid Fashion week up until 2012, is the principal platform to promote fashion in Spain.
A city council, town council, town board, or board of aldermen is the legislative body that governs a city, town, municipality, or local government area.
The Ayuntamiento de Madrid is the top-tier administrative and governing body of the municipality of Madrid, Spain.
Ciudad Lineal (Linear city in English) is a district in Madrid (Spain).
Ciudad Real Central Airport, previously known as Don Quijote Airport and South Madrid Airport, is a former international airport, situated south of Ciudad Real in Spain.
Claude Lorrain (born Claude Gellée, called le Lorrain in French; traditionally just Claude in English; c. 1600 – 23 November 1682) was a French painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Baroque era.
The church of San Isidro el Real, also known as the Colegiata or Collegiate Church of San Isidore, is a Baroque church in the centre of Madrid, Spain.
Colegio Imperial de Madrid (also known as the Colegio Imperial de la Compañía de Jesús or El Colegio de San Pedro y San Pablo de la Compañía de Jesús en la Corte) nowadays Instituto San Isidro, was the name of a Jesuit educational institution in Madrid (Spain).
The is a Japanese international school in the El Plantío area of Moncloa-Aravaca, Madrid, in the city's northwestern portion.
Collado Villalba is a municipality of the Community of Madrid, in central Spain.
Colmenar Viejo is a town and municipality of about 44,000 inhabitants, located in the Community of Madrid, Spain, 30 kilometers north of Madrid on the M-607 motorway.
The presence of Colombians in Spain dates back to the 1980s.
Some historical comarcas located in the Community of Madrid are.
Comillas Pontifical University (Universidad Pontificia Comillas) is a private university in Madrid, Spain.
The Community of Madrid (Comunidad de Madrid) is one of the seventeen autonomous communities of Spain.
The Community of Madrid Orchestra (Orquesta de la Comunidad de Madrid), founded in 1987, is a symphony orchestra in Madrid, Spain.
The Complutense University of Madrid (Universidad Complutense de Madrid or Universidad de Madrid, Universitas Complutensis) is a public research university located in Madrid, and one of the oldest universities in the world.
The Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica (CGA) of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is the authoritative international gazetteer containing all the Antarctic toponyms published in national gazetteers, plus basic information about those names and the relevant geographical features.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience.
Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.
Consumption is the process in which consumers (customers or buyers) purchase items on the market.
The Convent of Las Descalzas Reales (Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales) is a royal monastery situated in Madrid, Spain, administered by the Patrimonio Nacional.
The Copa del Rey (King's Cup) is an annual football cup competition for Spanish football teams.
The Copa del Rey de Baloncesto (English: King's Cup of Basketball) is an annual cup competition for Spanish basketball teams organized by Spain's top professional league, the Liga ACB.
Coslada is a city and municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid in central Spain.
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography.
The Cuartel del Conde-Duque (Spanish: Cuartel del Conde-Duque) is a building located in Madrid, Spain.
Cuatro Torres Business Area (CTBA), Spanish for "Four Towers Business Area", is a business district located in the Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid, Spain, on the former Ciudad Deportiva of Real Madrid.
Cuatro Vientos is a ward (barrio) of Madrid belonging to the district of Latina.
Madrid–Cuatro Vientos Airport, also known as Cuatro Vientos Airport, is the oldest airport in Spain, established in 1911 and one of the three civil airports of Madrid along with Madrid–Barajas and Torrejón Air Base.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Cybele (Phrygian: Matar Kubileya/Kubeleya "Kubileya/Kubeleya Mother", perhaps "Mountain Mother"; Lydian Kuvava; Κυβέλη Kybele, Κυβήβη Kybebe, Κύβελις Kybelis) is an Anatolian mother goddess; she may have a possible precursor in the earliest neolithic at Çatalhöyük, where statues of plump women, sometimes sitting, have been found in excavations.
Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, exercise or sport.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.
David de Gea Quintana (born 7 November 1990) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for club Manchester United and the Spain national team.
Dámaso Alonso y Fernández de las Redondas (22 October 1898 – 25 January 1990) was a Spanish poet, philologist and literary critic.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (baptized on June 6, 1599August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age.
In meteorology, diurnal temperature variation is the variation between a high temperature and a low temperature that occurs during the same day.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Don Juan (Spanish), also Don Giovanni (Italian), is a legendary, fictional libertine.
The Ingenious Nobleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha), or just Don Quixote (Oxford English Dictionary, ""), is a Spanish novel by Miguel de Cervantes.
Duke of Berwick is a title that was created in the Peerage of England on 19 March 1687 for James FitzJames, the illegitimate son of King James II and Arabella Churchill.
The Dutch School were painters in the Netherlands from the early Renaissance to the Baroque.
The EAE Business School is a higher education institution founded in 1958, specializing in management, with an international scope and more than 50 years of history operating as a business school.
Econometrics is the application of statistical methods to economic data and is described as the branch of economics that aims to give empirical content to economic relations.
Economic growth is the increase in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economy over time.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
The presence of Ecuadorians in Spain dates back to the 1980s.
Eduardo Chillida Juantegui, or Eduardo Txillida Juantegi in Basque, (10 January 1924 – 19 August 2002) was a Spanish Basque sculptor notable for his monumental abstract works.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Education in Spain is regulated by the Ley Orgánica 8/2013, de 9 de diciembre, para la mejora de la calidad educativa (LOMCE, Organic Law for the improvement of educational quality) that expands upon Article 27 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
El Atazar Dam is an arch dam built near Madrid, Spain on the Lozoya River, very close to where the Lozoya joins the Jarama.
El Buscón (full title Historia de la vida del Buscón, llamado Don Pablos, ejemplo de vagamundos y espejo de tacaños (literally: History of the life of the Swindler, called Don Pablos, model for hobos and mirror of misers); translated as Paul the Sharper or The Scavenger and The Swindler) is a picaresque novel by Francisco de Quevedo.
Doménikos Theotokópoulos (Δομήνικος Θεοτοκόπουλος; October 1541 7 April 1614), most widely known as El Greco ("The Greek"), was a painter, sculptor and architect of the Spanish Renaissance.
El Madrid de los Austrias (English: The Madrid of the Austrians or the Habsburgs) is a name used for the old centre of Madrid, built during the reign of the Habsburg Dynasty, known in Spain as Casa de Austria.
El Pardo is a ward (barrio) of Madrid belonging to the district of Fuencarral-El Pardo.
Emilio Butragueño Santos (born 22 July 1963) is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a striker.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
English art is the body of visual arts made in England.
Enrique de Aguilera y Gamboa, 17th Marquis of Cerralbo (1845 – 1922), was a Spanish archaeologist and a Carlist politician.
Enrique Miguel Iglesias Preysler (born 8 May 1975) is a Spanish singer, songwriter, actor and record producer.
Enrique Jardiel Poncela (15 October 1901, Madrid – 18 February 1952) was a Spanish playwright and novelist who wrote mostly humorous works.
Enrique Tierno Galván (Madrid, 8 February 1918 – Madrid, 19 January 1986) was a Spanish politician, professor, lawyer and essayist, best known for being the Mayor of Madrid from 1979 to 1986, at the beginning of the new period of Spanish democracy.
Ensanche means "widening" in Spanish.
Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.
Entrevías is a neighborhood in the district of Puente de Vallecas in the southeastern portion of Madrid, Spain.
Equatorial Guinea (Guinea Ecuatorial, Guinée équatoriale, Guiné Equatorial), officially the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (República de Guinea Ecuatorial, République de Guinée équatoriale, República da Guiné Equatorial), is a country located in Central Africa, with an area of.
ESADE Business School is a college and graduate school located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
The Esquilache Riots (Motín de Esquilache) occurred in March 1766 during the rule of Charles III of Spain.
The euro sign (€) is the currency sign used for the euro, the official currency of the Eurozone in the European Union (EU).
The EuroLeague, also known as the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague for name sponsorship reasons, is the European-wide top-tier level professional basketball club competition that is organized by Euroleague Basketball, since 2000, for eligible European basketball clubs.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
European University of Madrid (Universidad Europea de Madrid in Spanish language, UEM) is a private university in Madrid, Spain.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.
Evolutionary ecology lies at the intersection of ecology and evolutionary biology.
Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century.
Fashion is a popular style, especially in clothing, footwear, lifestyle products, accessories, makeup, hairstyle and body.
Federico Chueca (5 May 184620 June 1908) was a Spanish composer of zarzuelas and author of La gran vía along with Joaquín Valverde Durán in 1886.
Felipe VI (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia; born 30 January 1968) is the King of Spain.
Ferdinand III (Spanish: Fernando III), 1199/1201 – 30 May 1252, called the Saint (el Santo), was King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231.
Ferdinand IV of Castile (6 December 1285 – 7 September 1312) called the Summoned (el Emplazado), was a King of Castile and León from 1295 until his death.
Ferdinand VII (Fernando; 14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death.
Fernando Botero Angulo (born 19 April 1932) is a Colombian figurative artist and sculptor.
Fernando José Torres Sanz (born 20 March 1984) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a striker.
Fernando Rodríguez Trueba, known as Fernando Trueba, (born 18 January 1955) is a book editor, screenwriter, film director and producer.
Fernando Verdasco Carmona ((born 15 November 1983) is a Spanish professional tennis player. His career-high singles ranking is world No. 7, achieved in April 2009. Verdasco started playing tennis at four years of age and had a full-time coach when he was eight. As of 2009, Verdasco has been working in Las Vegas with Andre Agassi and his team, including Darren Cahill (Agassi's former coach) and Gil Reyes (Agassi's fitness coach). Verdasco has aided Spain in winning three Davis Cup titles, winning the deciding match in both 2008 and 2009, he was part of the winning team in 2011 as well. His best performance in a Grand Slam was making the semifinals of the 2009 Australian Open, where he lost to compatriot and eventual champion Rafael Nadal in five sets. The match itself has been considered one of the greatest Grand Slam semifinals of all time. Verdasco has also reached the quarterfinals twice at the US Open, in 2009 and 2010, losing to Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal respectively, the latter of whom went on to win the title, and once at the 2013 Wimbledon Championships, where he led eventual champion Andy Murray by two sets to love before being defeated in five sets.
FIFA Club of the Century was an award presented by FIFA to decide the greatest football club of the 20th century.
Finance is a field that is concerned with the allocation (investment) of assets and liabilities (known as elements of the balance statement) over space and time, often under conditions of risk or uncertainty.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
In European academic traditions, fine art is art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty, distinguishing it from applied art, which also has to serve some practical function, such as pottery or most metalwork.
Florence Cathedral, formally the Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the cathedral of Florence, Italy, or Il Duomo di Firenze, in Italian.
Fomento de Construcciones y Contratas, S.A., or FCC, is a leading Spanish construction company based in Barcelona.
Food processing is the transformation of cooked ingredients, by physical or chemical means into food, or of food into other forms.
The world's most valuable sports teams, as ranked annually by the American magazine Forbes, include teams from association football, American football, baseball, and basketball.
The Forest of Remembrance (Bosque del Recuerdo), formerly known as the Forest of the Departed (Bosque de los Ausentes), is a memorial garden located in the park of El Retiro in Madrid, Spain that commemorates the 191 civilian victims of the 2004 Madrid train bombings and the special forces agent who died in the attacks on 11 March 2004.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Francesco Sabatini (1721 – 19 February 1797), also known as Francisco Sabatini, was an Italian architect of the 18th century who worked in Spain.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Saint Francis of Assisi (San Francesco d'Assisi), born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, informally named as Francesco (1181/11823 October 1226), was an Italian Catholic friar, deacon and preacher.
Francisco Gómez de Quevedo y Santibáñez Villegas (14 September 1580 – 8 September 1645) was a Spanish nobleman, politician and writer of the Baroque era.
Francisco de Vitoria University (Universidad Francisco de Vitoria) is a private university located in Pozuelo de Alarcón, in the Community of Madrid, Spain.
Francisco de Zurbarán (baptized November 7, 1598 – August 27, 1664) was a Spanish painter.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.
Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (30 March 1746 – 16 April 1828) was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker.
Francisco José Ayala Pereda (born March 12, 1934) is a Spanish-American evolutionary biologist and philosopher who was a longtime faculty member at the University of California, Irvine.
Francisco Rizi de Guevara (1608–1685) was a Spanish painter born at Madrid.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
Fuencarral-El Pardo is one of the 21 districts that form the city of Madrid, Spain.
Fuenlabrada is a city and municipality in the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spain.
The Fuente del Ángel Caído (Fountain of the Fallen Angel or Monument of the Fallen Angel) is a fountain located in the Buen Retiro Park in Madrid, Spain.
Fuenteovejuna is a play by the Spanish playwright Lope de Vega.
The Fundéu BBVA (Fundéu being an acronym for Fundación del Español Urgente, Foundation of Emerging Spanish) is a non-profit organization created in February 2005 in Madrid, Spain.
Galileo Galilei (15 February 1564Drake (1978, p. 1). The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In 1582 it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar. Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. – 8 January 1642) was an Italian polymath.
The Gate of Europe towers (Puerta de Europa), also known as KIO Towers (Torres KIO), are twin office buildings near the Plaza de Castilla in Madrid, Spain.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Getafe is a city in the south of the Madrid metropolitan area, Spain, and one of the most populated and industrialised cities in the area.
Giambologna (1529 – 13 August 1608) — born Jean Boulogne (and incorrectly known as Giovanni da Bologna or Giovanni Bologna) — was a Flemish sculptor based in Italy, celebrated for his marble and bronze statuary in a late Renaissance or Mannerist style.
Giovanni Bellini (c. 1430 – 26 November 1516) was an Italian Renaissance painter, probably the best known of the Bellini family of Venetian painters.
Girona (Gerona; Gérone) is a city in Catalonia, Spain, at the confluence of the rivers Ter, Onyar, Galligants, and Güell and has an official population of 99,013 as of January 2017.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Golden Triangle of Art is made up of three important art museums that are located close to one another on the Paseo del Prado, in the centre of Madrid, Spain.
Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740s in England.
Graham Land is the portion of the Antarctic Peninsula that lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz.
Gran Vía (literally "Great Way") is an ornate and upscale shopping street located in central Madrid.
In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España.
The Greater London Built-up Area, or Greater London Urban Area, is a conurbation in south-east England that constitutes the continuous urban area of London and includes surrounding adjacent urban towns as defined by the Office for National Statistics.
Gregorio Marañón y Posadillo (19 May 1887 in Madrid – 27 March 1960 in Madrid) was a Spanish physician, scientist, historian, writer and philosopher.
Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time.
Guanches were the aboriginal inhabitants of the Canary Islands.
Guatemala City (Ciudad de Guatemala), locally known as Guatemala or Guate, officially Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción (New Guatemala of the Assumption), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America.
Guernica is a mural-sized oil painting on canvas by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso completed in June 1937,Richardson (2016) at his home on Rue des Grands Augustins, in Paris.
Habsburg Spain refers to the history of Spain over the 16th and 17th centuries (1516–1700), when it was ruled by kings from the House of Habsburg (also associated with its role in the history of Central Europe).
Hagia Sophia (from the Greek Αγία Σοφία,, "Holy Wisdom"; Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Ayasofya) is a former Greek Orthodox Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an Ottoman imperial mosque and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Herbalism (also herbal medicine or phytotherapy) is the study of botany and use of plants intended for medicinal purposes or for supplementing a diet.
The Herrerian (Herreriano, Arquitectura herreriana) was developed in Spain during the last third of the 16th century under the reign of Philip II (1556-1598), and continued in force in the 17th century, but transformed by the Baroque current of the time.
Herzog & de Meuron Basel Ltd.,"." Herzog & de Meuron.
Hieronymus Bosch (born Jheronimus van Aken; 1450 – 9 August 1516) was a Dutch/Netherlandish draughtsman and painter from Brabant.
High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula.
Hispanic America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica, or América hispana), also known as Spanish America (Spanish: América española), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.
A holiday is a day set aside by custom or by law on which normal activities, especially business or work including school, are suspended or reduced.
Hortaleza is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
The House of Bourbon is a European royal house of French origin, a branch of the Capetian dynasty.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
Iberia, legally incorporated as Iberia, Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A. Operadora, Sociedad Unipersonal, is the flag carrier airline of Spain, founded in 1927.
The Iberian Peninsula, also known as Iberia, is located in the southwest corner of Europe.
IE Business School is a graduate school located in Madrid, Spain.
IESE Business School is the graduate business school of the University of Navarra.
The Church of San Nicolás (Spanish: Iglesia de San Nicolás) also known as the church of Church of San Nicolas de Bari, or the Church of San Nicolas de los Servitas, is Catholic parish church in central Madrid, Spain.
Iker Casillas Fernández (born 20 May 1981) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Portuguese club Porto.
Illescas is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain.
Illusionism in art history means either the artistic tradition in which artists create a work of art that appears to share the physical space with the viewer"Illusionism," Grove Art Online.
Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent residents or naturalized citizens, or to take up employment as a migrant worker or temporarily as a foreign worker.
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles.
Independent music (often referred to as indie music or indie) is music produced independently from commercial record labels or their subsidiaries, a process that may include an autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise.
INSEAD is a graduate and proprofit business school with campuses in Europe (Fontainebleau, France), Asia (Singapore), and the Middle East (Abu Dhabi).
The Cervantes Institute is a worldwide non-profit organization created by the Spanish government in 1991.
The National Institute of Statistics (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official organisation in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
International Consolidated Airlines Group, S.A., often shortened to IAG, is an Anglo-Spanish multinational airline holding company with its registered office in Madrid, Spain and its operational headquarters in London, England.
International Institute for Management Development (IMD) is a business education school located in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Irun (Irún, Irun) is a town of the Bidasoaldea region in the province of Gipuzkoa in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
Isabella II (Isabel; 10 October 1830 – 9 April 1904) was Queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868.
Isabella of Portugal (24 October 1503 – 1 May 1539) was a Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain, Germany, Italy, Naples and Sicily and Duchess of Burgundy by her marriage to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, and regent of Spain during the absences of her husband during 1529-1532, 1535-1536 and 1538-1539.
Isidore the Farm Labourer, also known as Isidore the Farmer (San Isidro Labrador) (c. 1070 – May 15, 1130), was a Spanish farmworker known for his piety toward the poor and animals.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Januarius (Ianuarius; Gennaro), also known as, was Bishop of Benevento and is a martyr and saint of the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.
Jarama is a river in central Spain.
Joachim-Napoléon Murat (born Joachim Murat; Gioacchino Napoleone Murat; Joachim-Napoleon Murat; 25 March 1767 – 13 October 1815) was a Marshal of France and Admiral of France under the reign of Napoleon.
Joachim Patinir, also called Patenier (c. 1480 – 5 October 1524), was a Flemish Renaissance painter of history and landscape subjects.
Joan Miró i Ferrà (20 April 1893 – 25 December 1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona.
Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, doña Juana de Austria; in Portuguese, Dona Joana de Áustria, 24 June 1535 – 7 September 1573) was a Princess of Portugal by marriage to John Manuel, Prince of Portugal.
Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter.
José Echegaray y Eizaguirre (19 April 1832 – 4 September 1916) was a Spanish civil engineer, mathematician, statesman, and one of the leading Spanish dramatists of the last quarter of the 19th century.
José Grases Riera (April 25, 1850 – February 12, 1919) was a Catalan architect.
José María Álvarez del Manzano y López del Hierro (born 17 October 1937, in Seville) is a Spanish politician for the People's Party.
José Ortega y Gasset (9 May 1883 – 18 October 1955) was a Spanish philosopher, and essayist.
Juan Antonio Gallardo Barranco (born 13 August 1947 in Santiago de Calatrava, Jaén Province) is a Spanish politician in the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party.
Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz (Juan Caramuel de Lobkowitz, May 23, 1606 in Madrid — September 7 or 8, 1682 in Vigevano) was a Spanish Catholic scholastic philosopher, ecclesiastic, mathematician and writer.
Father Juan de Padilla (1500–1542), born in Andalusia, was a Spanish Roman Catholic missionary who spent much of his life exploring North America with Francisco Vásquez de Coronado.
José Victoriano (Carmelo Carlos) González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), better known as Juan Gris, was a Spanish painter and sculptor born in Madrid who lived and worked in France most of his life.
Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899), better known as Juan Luna was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century.
Julio González i Pellicer (21 September 1876 - 27 March 1942) was a Spanish sculptor and painter who developed the expressive use of iron as a medium for modern sculpture.
Jusepe de Ribera (baptized February 17, 1591; died September 2, 1652) was a Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker, also known as José de Ribera and Josep de Ribera.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
King Juan Carlos University (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, URJC) is a Spanish public research university located in the southern area of the Community of Madrid (Spain), with four campuses at Móstoles, Alcorcón, Vicálvaro and Fuenlabrada.
The Kingdom of Castile (Reino de Castilla, Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
The Kingdom of León (Astur-Leonese: Reinu de Llïón, Reino de León, Reino de León, Reino de Leão, Regnum Legionense) was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula.
La Caixa, formally Caixa d'Estalvis i Pensions de Barcelona (Caja de Ahorros y Pensiones de Barcelona), is Spain's third largest financial institution, with a network of over 5,800 branches, more than 9,500 automated teller machines, a workforce in excess of 31,900 and more than 13 million customers.
The Primera División, commonly known as La Liga and as La Liga Santander for sponsorship reasons with Santander, is the men's top professional football division of the Spanish football league system.
The Nude Maja (La Maja Desnuda) is a name given to a c. 1797–1800 oil on canvas painting by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya.
The Clothed Maja (La maja vestida) is a pendant painting by the Spanish painter Francisco de Goya between 1800 and 1805.
La Movida Madrileña (The Madrid Scene) was a countercultural movement that took place mainly in Madrid during the Spanish transition after Francisco Franco's death in 1975.
La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace), also named Chuqi Yapu (Chuquiago) in Aymara, is the seat of government and the de facto national capital of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (the constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre).
La Quinta del Buitre is the moniker given by Spanish sport journalist Julio César Iglesias to the five homegrown Real Madrid players who were at the core of the team that dominated Spanish football in the 1980s.
The Lady of Baza (la Dama de Baza) is a famous example of Iberian sculpture by the Bastetani.
Lady of Cerro de los Santos (Dama del Cerro de los Santos), also known as Gran Dama Oferente, is an Iberian sculpture from the 2nd century BCE, that is now in National Archaeological Museum in Madrid.
The Lady of Elche or Lady of Elx is a limestone bust that was discovered in 1897 at L'Alcúdia, an archaeological site on a private estate two kilometers south of Elche, Spain.
The Lady of Ibiza is a ceramic figure, 47 cm high, that dates from the third century BC.
Las Acacias is a ward (barrio) of Madrid belonging to the district of Arganzuela.
Las Meninas (Spanish for The Ladies-in-waiting) is a 1656 painting in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, by Diego Velázquez, the leading artist of the Spanish Golden Age.
Las Rozas de Madrid (or simply, Las Rozas) is one of the larger townships and municipalities in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain, with an area of between 58.8 and 59.14 km².
Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas (often shortened to Las Ventas) is a famous bullring located in Madrid, Spain.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latina is one of the districts of Madrid.
Latino is a term often used in the United States to refer to people with cultural ties to Latin America, in contrast to Hispanic which is a demonym that includes Spaniards and other speakers of the Spanish language.
Lavapiés is a historic neighborhood in the city of Madrid, Spain.
Leandro Fernández de Moratín (March 10, 1760 – June 21, 1828) was a Spanish dramatist, translator and neoclassical poet.
Leganés is a city in central Spain.
Leone Leoni (ca. 1509 – 22 July 1590) was an Italian sculptor of international outlook who travelled in Italy, Germany, Austria, France, Spain and the Netherlands.
Don Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, 1st Duke of Tetuan, 1st Count of Lucena, 1st Viscount of Aliaga, Grandee of Spain, (Spanish: Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, I duque de Tetuán, I conde de Lucena, I vizconde de Aliaga, grande de España) (12 January 1809 – 5 November 1867), was a Spanish general and statesman.
Life Is a Dream (La vida es sueño) is a Spanish-language play by Pedro Calderón de la Barca.
The Liga ACB,; "ACB League" known as Liga Endesa; "Endesa League" for sponsorship reasons, is the top professional basketball division of the Spanish basketball league system.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Line 1 of the Madrid Metro runs entirely underground from Pinar de Chamartín in the north to Valdecarros in the southeast, via Sol.
Line 10 of the Madrid Metro is the product of two lines, the former line 8 from Fuencarral to Nuevos Ministerios and the former Suburbano (also known as Line S) from Alonso Martínez to Aluche, this section being named line 10 in the 1980s, and formerly operated by FEVE until the management of Line S was transferred to the Community of Madrid.
Line 11 of the Madrid Metro opened between Plaza Elíptica and Pan Bendito on 16 November 1998.
Line 12, also known as MetroSur (Spanish for MetroSouth), is a line of the Madrid Metro inaugurated on 11 April 2003.
Line 2 of the Madrid Metro was opened on 11 June 1924 between Sol and Ventas.
Line 3 of the Madrid Metro is one of the 12 lines of the Madrid Metro.
Line 4 is a line of the Madrid Metro with 23 stations.
Line 5 has been a part of the Madrid Metro since 5 June 1968.
Line 6 of the Madrid Metro opened originally between Cuatro Caminos and Pacifico in 1979.
Line 7 of the Madrid Metro originally opened on 17 July 1974 between Pueblo Nuevo and Las Musas.
Line 8 of the Madrid Metro opened between Mar de Cristal and Campo de las Naciones on 24 June 1998.
Line 9 of the Madrid Metro opened on 31 January 1980 between Sainz de Baranda and Pavones.
The linear city was an urban plan for an elongated urban formation.
The Liria Palace (Spanish: Palacio de Liria) is a neoclassical palace in Madrid, Spain.
Lisbon (Lisboa) is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 552,700, Census 2011 results according to the 2013 administrative division of Portugal within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
Below is a list of the largest cities in the European Union according to the population within their city limits.
The UEFA Champions League is a seasonal football competition established in 1955.
This is a list of films whose setting is Madrid, Spain.
This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources.
A national museum is a museum maintained by a state.
This is a list of royal palaces, sorted by continent.
This is a list of the tallest buildings in Madrid.
Lleida (Lérida) is a city in the west of Catalonia, Spain.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Palace of Longoria (Spanish: Palacio de Longoria) is an Art Nouveau palace that the politician and financier Francisco Javier González Longoria ordered to be built in the district of Chueca, at the corner of Fernando VI and Pelayo streets, in the city of Madrid, Spain.
Lope Félix de Vega y Carpio (25 November 156227 August 1635) was a Spanish playwright, poet, novelist and marine.
Loughborough University (abbreviated as Lough for post-nominals) is a public research university in the market town of Loughborough, Leicestershire, in the East Midlands of England.
The Lozoya River is a river flowing near the centre of Spain.
Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain in the autonomous community of Galicia.
Luis de Góngora y Argote (born Luis de Argote y Góngora) (11 July 1561 – 24 May 1627) was a Spanish Baroque lyric poet.
Madrid Atocha (Estación de Madrid Atocha, also named Madrid Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid.
The Madrid Conference of 1991 was a peace conference, held from 30 October to 1 November 1991 in Madrid, hosted by Spain and co-sponsored by the United States and the Soviet Union.
Madrid Dome (купол Мадрид, ‘Kupol Madrid’ \'ku-pol ma-'drid\) is the ice dome rising to 1650 m at the southwest extremity of Aristotle Mountains on Oscar II Coast, Graham Land in Antarctica.
The Madrid Metro (Spanish: Metro de Madrid) is a metro system serving the city of Madrid, capital of Spain.
The Madrid Metropolitan Area (Área metropolitana de Madrid) comprises the city of Madrid and 20 surrounding municipalities.
The Madrid Open, sponsored by Mutua Madrileña and so known as Mutua (Madrileña) Madrid Open, is a joint men's and women's professional tennis tournament, held in Madrid, during early May.
Madrid Pride, popularly known in Spanish as the Orgullo Gay de Madrid and its acronym MADO, is the annual LGBT pride festival hosted at Chueca neighborhood in the center of Madrid, during the weekend immediately after June 28, International Day of LGBT Pride.
The Madrid Royal Conservatory (Real Conservatorio Superior de Música de Madrid) is a music college in Madrid, Spain.
Majadahonda is a municipality in Spain, situated 16 km northwest of Madrid, in the Community of Madrid.
Malabo (formerly Santa Isabel) is the capital of Equatorial Guinea and the province of Bioko Norte.
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
Mantua (Mantova; Emilian and Latin: Mantua) is a city and comune in Lombardy, Italy, and capital of the province of the same name.
Manuela Carmena Castrillo (born 9 February 1944) is a retired Spanish lawyer, emeritus judge of the Spanish Supreme Court and the current Mayor of Madrid since 13 June 2015.
The Manzanares is a river in central Spain, which flows from the Sierra de Guadarrama, passes through Madrid, and eventually empties into the Jarama river, which in turn is a tributary to the Tagus.
María Guerrero Torija (April 17, 1867 - January 23, 1928) was a prominent Spanish theatre actor, producer and director.
Margaret of Austria (25 December 1584 – 3 October 1611) was Queen consort of Spain and Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III and II.
Archduchess Maria of Austria (21 June 1528 – 26 February 1603) was Holy Roman Empress and queen consort of Bohemia and Hungary as the spouse of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia and Hungary.
Maria Torribia (died 1175) was a Spanish peasant woman who is believed to have married Saint Isidore.
Mariano José de Larra (24 March 1809 – 13 February 1837) was a Spanish romantic writer best known for his numerous essays and his infamous suicide.
The Market of San Miguel (Spanish: Mercado de San Miguel) is a covered market located in Madrid, Spain.
The mass media is a diversified collection of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication.
The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master's degree in business administration (management).
The Mausoleum of Pozo Moro is a Mausoleum of the Iberians from the end of the 6th century BC, which was discovered in 1970 in excavations made in the Province of Albacete.
The Mayor of Madrid (Alcalde de Madrid) is an elected politician who leads the City Council of Madrid, which is accountable for the strategic government of Madrid.
Mérida (Extremaduran: Méria) is the capital of the autonomous community of Extremadura, western central Spain.
Móstoles is the second-largest city in population belonging to the autonomous community of Madrid.
A medical school is a tertiary educational institution —or part of such an institution— that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons.
Medina del Campo is a town located in the province of Valladolid, Castile and León autonomous region, 45 km from Valladolid.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub are generally characterized by dry summers and rainy winters, although in some areas rainfall may be uniform.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
Metres above mean sea level (MAMSL) or simply metres above sea level (MASL or m a.s.l.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level.
The Metro Ligero is a light rail system in Madrid, Spain.
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry, infrastructure, and housing.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Miami is a major port city on the Atlantic coast of south Florida in the southeastern United States.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (29 September 1547 (assumed)23 April 1616 NS) was a Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language and one of the world's pre-eminent novelists.
Miranda de Ebro is a city on the Ebro river in the province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile and León, Spain.
Mirasierra is a ward (barrio) of Madrid belonging to the district of Fuencarral-El Pardo.
Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era.
The monarchy of Spain (Monarquía de España), constitutionally referred to as the Crown (La Corona), is a constitutional institution and historic office of Spain.
Moncloa-Aravaca (also named Moncloa) is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
The Monument to Alfonso XII (Monumento a Alfonso XII) is located in Buen Retiro Park (El Retiro), Madrid, Spain.
Moratalaz is a district of Madrid, Spain.
Moroccans in Spain formed 16.4% of the 4,549,858 foreigners in Spain as of 1 January 2017.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The world's most liveable cities is an informal name given to any list of cities as they rank on an annual survey of living conditions.
A motor vehicle is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on rails, such as trains or trams and used for the transportation of passengers, or passengers and property.
Mozarabic, more accurately Andalusi Romance, was a continuum of closely related Romance dialects spoken in the Muslim-controlled areas of the Iberian Peninsula, known as Al-Andalus.
Muhammad I (محمد بن عبد الرحمن الأوسط) (823–886) was the Umayyad emir of Córdoba from 852 to 886 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
The municipalities of Spain (municipios,, municipis, concellos, udalerriak; sing. municipio)In other languages of Spain.
The Museum of History of Madrid is a history museum located on Calle de Fuencarral in downtown Madrid, Spain that chronicles the history of the city.
The Museo del Aire, full title in Spanish Museo de Aeronáutica y Astronáutica o Museo del Aire, is an aviation museum located in the outskirts of Madrid at Cuatro Vientos Airport, Spain.
The Prado Museum is the main Spanish national art museum, located in central Madrid.
The Museo del Traje (Spanish: Museo del Traje) is a museum located in Madrid, Spain, with collections devoted to fashion and costumes.
The Museo Geominero (Geomineral Museum) is geology museum displaying minerals and fossils from Spain and its former colonies.
The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS, also called the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofía Museum, El Reina Sofía, or simply El Reina) is Spain's national museum of 20th-century art.
The National Museum of Anthropology (Museo Nacional de Antropología) is a national museum of Spain, located in Madrid near the Parque del Buen Retiro and opposite Atocha railway and metro station.
The Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas (National Museum of Decorative Arts; originally, "National Museum of Industrial Arts") is located at 12 Montalbán Street, in Madrid, Spain, to the south of the Puerta de Alcalá and the western side of the Buen Retiro Park.
The Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (National Museum of Natural Sciences) is the National Museum of Natural History of Spain.
A museum (plural musea or museums) is an institution that cares for (conserves) a collection of artifacts and other objects of artistic, cultural, historical, or scientific importance.
The Museum Cerralbo (Spanish: Museo Cerralbo) is a museum located in Madrid, Spain.
The Museum of Lázaro Galdiano (Spanish: Museo Lázaro Galdiano) is a museum located in Madrid, Spain.
The Museum of Romanticism (Spanish: Museo del Romanticismo) is an art museum located in Madrid, Spain.
The Museum of America (Museo de América) in Madrid (Spain) is a National museum that holds artistic, archaeological and ethnographic collections from the whole American continent, ranging from the Paleolithic period to the present day.
The Mutiny of Aranjuez (Motín de Aranjuez) was an uprising led against King Charles IV that took place in the town of Aranjuez, Spain on 17–19 March 1808.
Napier's bones is a manually-operated calculating device created by John Napier of Merchiston for calculation of products and quotients of numbers.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Archaeological Museum (Museo Arqueológico Nacional) is a museum in Madrid, Spain.
The Auditorio Nacional de Música (National Auditorium of Music) is a complex of concert venues located in Madrid, Spain and the main concert hall in the Madrid metropolitan area.
The National University of Distance Education, known in Spanish as Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), is a distance learning and research university founded in 1972 and is the only university run by the central government of Spain.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
The Museo Naval de Madrid —in English, Naval Museum of Madrid— is a national museum in Madrid, Spain.
The Neo-Mudéjar is a type of Moorish Revival architecture.
Neptune (Neptūnus) was the god of freshwater and the sea in Roman religion.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Nicolás Cabrera (1913–1989), was a Spanish physicist who did important work on the theories of crystal growth (specifically the Burton-Cabrera-Frank theory) and the oxidisation of metals.
Nightlife is a collective term for entertainment that is available and generally more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning.
Nouakchott (نواكشوط, originally derived from Berber Nawākšūṭ, "place of the winds") page 273.
Old Spanish, also known as Old Castilian (castellano antiguo; romance castellano) or Medieval Spanish (español medieval), originally a colloquial Latin spoken in the provinces of the Roman Empire that provided the root for the early form of the Spanish language that was spoken on the Iberian Peninsula from the 10th century until roughly the beginning of the 15th century, before a consonantal readjustment gave rise to the evolution of modern Spanish.
OPENCities is a project initiated by British Council Spain, to help cities to become more open and competitive.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
The Organization of Ibero-American States (Organização dos Estados Ibero-americanos, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos, usually abbreviated OEI), formally the Organization of Ibero-American States for Education, Science and Culture, is an international organization whose members are the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking nations of the Americas and Europe and Equatorial Guinea in Africa.
The Orquesta Sinfónica de Madrid (unofficial English name, Madrid Symphony Orchestra), founded in 1903, is the oldest existing Spanish symphony orchestra in Spain not linked to an opera house.
The Church of Our Lady of Montserrat (Nuestra Señora de Montserrat) is a Baroque-style, Roman Catholic church located on Calle San Bernardo in central Madrid, Spain.
Output in economics is the "quantity of goods or services produced in a given time period, by a firm, industry, or country", whether consumed or used for further production.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
Pablo Serrano Aguilar, (8 March 1908, Crivillén, Teruel Province - 26 November 1985, Madrid) was a Spanish abstract sculptor.
The Palace of Moncloa or Moncloa Palace (Palacio de La Moncloa), located in the Ciudad Universitaria (University City) ward of Madrid (part of Moncloa-Aravaca district), has been the official residence for the Prime Minister of Spain since 1977, when Adolfo Suárez moved the residence from the Palace of Villamejor on the Paseo de la Castellana (currently the seat of the Ministry of Territorial Policy).
The Cybele Palace (Palacio de Cibeles), formerly the Palace of Communication (Spanish: Palacio de Comunicaciones) until 2011, is a palace located on the Plaza de Cibeles in Madrid, Spain.
Palacio de Deportes de la Comunidad de Madrid (English: Community of Madrid Sports Centre), officially WiZink Center since November 2016 for sponsorship reasons, is an indoor sporting arena located in Madrid, Spain.
The Palace of the Councils or Palace of the Duke of Uceda (in Spanish, Palacio de los Consejos or Palacio del duque de Uceda) is a building from the 17th century located in central Madrid, Spain.
Paleobiology (UK & Canadian English: palaeobiology) is a growing and comparatively new discipline which combines the methods and findings of the natural science biology with the methods and findings of the earth science paleontology.
The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic is a period in human prehistory distinguished by the original development of stone tools that covers c. 95% of human technological prehistory.
Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.
The Pantheon (or; Pantheum,Although the spelling Pantheon is standard in English, only Pantheum is found in classical Latin; see, for example, Pliny, Natural History: "Agrippae Pantheum decoravit Diogenes Atheniensis". See also Oxford Latin Dictionary, s.v. "Pantheum"; Oxford English Dictionary, s.v.: "post-classical Latin pantheon a temple consecrated to all the gods (6th cent.; compare classical Latin pantheum". from Greek Πάνθειον Pantheion, " of all the gods") is a former Roman temple, now a church, in Rome, Italy, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). It was completed by the emperor Hadrian and probably dedicated about 126 AD. Its date of construction is uncertain, because Hadrian chose not to inscribe the new temple but rather to retain the inscription of Agrippa's older temple, which had burned down. The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns (eight in the first rank and two groups of four behind) under a pediment. A rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda, which is under a coffered concrete dome, with a central opening (oculus) to the sky. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same,. It is one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings, in large part because it has been in continuous use throughout its history, and since the 7th century, the Pantheon has been used as a church dedicated to "St. Mary and the Martyrs" (Sancta Maria ad Martyres) but informally known as "Santa Maria Rotonda". The square in front of the Pantheon is called Piazza della Rotonda. The Pantheon is a state property, managed by Italy's Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities and Tourism through the Polo Museale del Lazio; in 2013 it was visited by over 6 million people. The Pantheon's large circular domed cella, with a conventional temple portico front, was unique in Roman architecture. Nevertheless, it became a standard exemplar when classical styles were revived, and has been copied many times by later architects.
Paolo Caliari, known as Paolo Veronese (1528 – 19 April 1588), was an Italian Renaissance painter, based in Venice, known for large-format history paintings of religion and mythology, such as The Wedding at Cana (1563) and The Feast in the House of Levi (1573).
Paraguay (Paraguái), officially the Republic of Paraguay (República del Paraguay; Tetã Paraguái), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Paris metropolitan area (aire urbaine de Paris) is a statistical area that describes the reach of commuter movement to and from Paris, France and its surrounding suburbs.
Parla is a municipality of the Madrid Metropolitan Area, Spain.
Parque de Atracciones de Madrid is a amusement park located in the Casa de Campo in Madrid, Spain.
The Buen Retiro Park (Spanish: Parque del Buen Retiro, literally "Park of the Pleasant Retreat", or simply El Retiro) is one of the largest parks of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Paseo de la Castellana (The Castilian's Mall), commonly known as La Castellana, is one of the longest and widest avenues of Madrid.
The Paseo del Prado is one of the main boulevards in Madrid, Spain.
Patrick Blanc (born June 3, 1953, Paris) is a French botanist, working at the French National Centre for Scientific Research, where he specializes in plants from tropical forests.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Peñagrande is a neighborhood to the north of Madrid's city centre, in the district of Fuencarral-El Pardo.
Pedro Calderón de la Barca y Barreda González de Henao Ruiz de Blasco y Riaño, usually referred as Pedro Calderón de la Barca (17 January 160025 May 1681), was a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age.
Pedro de Ribera (Madrid 4 August 1681 - Madrid, 1742) was a Spanish architect of the Baroque period.
Pedro Salinas y Serrano (27 November 1891 in Madrid – 4 December 1951 in Boston) was a Spanish poet, a member of the Generation of '27, as well as a university teacher, scholar and literary critic.
Pedro Teixeira Albernaz was a Portuguese cartographer born in 1595 in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal.
Penélope Cruz Sánchez (born 28 April 1974) is a Spanish actress and model.
The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
A pension fund, also known as a superannuation fund in some countries, is any plan, fund, or scheme which provides retirement income.
The People's Party (Partido Popular; known mostly by its acronym, PP) is a conservative and Christian democratic political party in Spain.
As of 2009, official statistics showed 137,154 Peruvians in Spain.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip III (Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.
Philip IV of Spain (Felipe IV; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Filipe III).
Philip V (Felipe V, Philippe, Filippo; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to his abdication in favour of his son Louis on 15 January 1724, and from his reascendancy of the throne upon his son's death on 6 September 1724 to his own death on 9 July 1746.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Pietro Tacca (16 September 1577 – 26 October 1640) was an Italian sculptor, who was the chief pupil and follower of Giambologna.
Pinto is a municipality which became a town in the 1990s and is in the south of the autonomous community of Madrid, central Spain.
Pisanello (c. 1395c. 1455), known professionally as Antonio di Puccio Pisano or Antonio di Puccio da Cereto, also erroneously called Vittore Pisano by Giorgio Vasari, was one of the most distinguished painters of the early Italian Renaissance and Quattrocento.
The Plaza de Cibeles is a square with a neo-classical complex of marble sculptures with fountains that has become an iconic symbol for the city of Madrid.
Plaza de España is a large square, a popular tourist destination located in central Madrid, Spain at the western end of the Gran Vía.
Plaza de Oriente is a square in the historic centre of Madrid, Spain.
Plaza de Santa Ana (Saint Anne Square) is a plaza located in central Madrid, Spain, nearby Puerta del Sol and Calle de Huertas, in the Barrio de las Letras.
The Plaza Mayor (English Main Square) was first built (1580–1619) during Philip III's reign and is a central plaza in the city of Madrid, Spain.
José Plácido Domingo Embil, (born 21 January 1941), known as Plácido Domingo, is a Spanish tenor, conductor and arts administrator.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The polar regions, also called the frigid zones, of Earth are the regions of the planet that surround its geographical poles (the North and South Poles), lying within the polar circles.
Politics (from Politiká, meaning "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group.
Ponferrada (from the Latin Pons Ferrata, Iron Bridge) is the capital city of El Bierzo in the Province of León, Spain.
The Poor Clares, officially the Order of Saint Clare (Ordo sanctae Clarae) – originally referred to as the Order of Poor Ladies, and later the Clarisses, the Minoresses, the Franciscan Clarist Order, and the Second Order of Saint Francis – are members of a contemplative Order of nuns in the Catholic Church.
Pope Innocent VIII (Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492.
Pope John Paul II (Ioannes Paulus II; Giovanni Paolo II; Jan Paweł II; born Karol Józef Wojtyła;; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.
In biology or human geography, population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, Eircode, PIN Code or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.
Pozuelo de Alarcón is a municipality in the Community of Madrid.
Prague (Praha, Prag) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and also the historical capital of Bohemia.
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity.
Human prehistory is the period between the use of the first stone tools 3.3 million years ago by hominins and the invention of writing systems.
Private universities are typically not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grants.
Prosegur Compañía de Seguridad, S.A ("Prosegur") is a multinational security company, headquartered in Madrid, Spain.
The Public Interest Oversight Board (PIOB) is an international body that oversees the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC) and seeks to improve the quality and public interest focus of the IFAC standards in the areas of audit, education, and ethics.
The public sector (also called the state sector) is the part of the economy composed of both public services and public enterprises.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
Publishing is the dissemination of literature, music, or information—the activity of making information available to the general public.
The Bridge of Segovia (Spanish: Puente de Segovia) is a bridge located in Madrid, Spain, crossing the Manzanares river.
Puente de Vallecas (Bridge of Vallecas) is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
The Puerta de Alcalá ("Alcalá Gate", from the Arabic word القلعة al-qal'a, "citadel") is a Neo-classical monument in the Plaza de la Independencia in Madrid, Spain.
The Puerta del Sol (Spanish for "Gate of the Sun") is a public square in Madrid, one of the best known and busiest places in the city.
The Pyxis of Zamora (made in 964 CE /353 aH) is an ivory carving casket (pyx) that dates from the Caliphate of Córdoba, and it is housed in the National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Madrid.
Quito (Kitu; Kitu), formally San Francisco de Quito, is the capital city of Ecuador, and at an elevation of above sea level, it is the second-highest official capital city in the world, after La Paz, and the one which is closest to the equator.
Raúl González Blanco (born 27 June 1977), known as Raúl, is a retired Spanish footballer who played as a striker.
Rabat (الرِّبَاط,; ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ) is the capital city of Morocco and its third largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million.
José Rafael Moneo Vallés (born 9 May 1937) is a Spanish architect.
The Museo del Ferrocarril (Railway Museum) in Madrid, Spain, is one of the largest historic railroad collections in Europe.
Ramal (Branch) or Línea R (Line R) of the Madrid Metro is a shuttle train connecting the stations of Ópera and Príncipe Pío.
Ramón Gómez de la Serna Puig (3 July 1888 in Madrid – 13 January 1963 in Buenos Aires) was a Spanish writer, dramatist and avant-garde agitator.
This article includes several ranked indicators for Spain's municipalities.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
Rayo Vallecano de Madrid, S.A.D., often abbreviated to Rayo, is a Spanish football team based in Madrid, in the neighbourhood of Vallecas.
The Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando (Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando), located on the Calle de Alcalá in the heart of Madrid, currently functions as a museum and gallery.
The Real Casa de la Aduana (Spanish: Real Casa de la Aduana means royal customs house) is the headquarters of Spain's Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness and Ministry of the Treasury and Public Function.
Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid (Spanish for Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid) is an 8 hectares (19.7684 acres) botanical garden in Madrid (Spain).
Real Madrid Baloncesto (English: Real Madrid Basketball) is a Spanish professional basketball team that was founded in 1931, as a division of the Real Madrid C.F. multi sports club.
Real Madrid Club de Fútbol ("Royal Madrid Football Club"), commonly known as Real Madrid, or simply as Real, is a professional football club based in Madrid, Spain.
The Regalía de aposento was a fee or royalty on housing that was instituted by the Crown of Castile in the Middle Ages.
The Reina Sofía School of Music (Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía in Spanish) is a private music school founded in Madrid, Spain, in 1991 by Paloma O'Shea.
In the common view, political representation is assumed to refer only to the political activities undertaken, in representative democracies, by citizens elected to political office on behalf of their fellow citizens who do not hold political office.
Repsol S.A., El Nuevo Herald, 2012-05-31Originally an initialism for Refinería de Petróleos de Escombreras adding the word Sol (Sun) is an integrated global energy company based in Madrid, Spain.
Research and development (R&D, R+D, or R'n'D), also known in Europe as research and technological development (RTD), refers to innovative activities undertaken by corporations or governments in developing new services or products, or improving existing services or products.
Retiro is a district located at the southeast of the city centre of Madrid, Spain.
The Revolt of the Comuneros (Guerra de las Comunidades de Castilla, "War of the Communities of Castile") was an uprising by citizens of Castile against the rule of Charles V and his administration between 1520 and 1521.
Ricardo Bellver (Madrid, February 23, 1845 — Madrid, December 20, 1924) was a Spanish sculptor.
A ring road (also known as beltline, beltway, circumferential (high)way, loop or orbital) is a road or a series of connected roads encircling a town, city, or country.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rivas-Vaciamadrid is the 15th most populated city in the Community of Madrid, Spain.
Rogier van der Weyden or Roger de la Pasture (1399 or 140018 June 1464) was an Early Netherlandish painter whose surviving works consist mainly of religious triptychs, altarpieces and commissioned single and diptych portraits.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madrid is one of Spain's fourteen Metropolitan Archbishoprics.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
A Roman villa was a country house built for the upper class in the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, similar in form to the hacienda estates in the colonies of the Spanish Empire.
Romanians in Spain form the largest group of foreigners in the country, having surpassed Moroccans in 2007.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
The Parish Church of the Assumption (Knisja Arċipretali ta' Santa Marija), commonly known as the Rotunda of Mosta (Ir-Rotunda tal-Mosta) or the Mosta Dome, is a Roman Catholic parish church in Mosta, Malta, dedicated to the Assumption of Mary.
The Royal Alcázar of Madrid (Spanish: Real Alcázar de Madrid) was a fortress located at the site of today's Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
The Royal Chapel of St.
The Royal Collection is the art collection of the British Royal Family and the largest private art collection in the world.
The Royal Monastery of the Incarnation or Real Monasterio de la Encarnación is a convent of the order of Recolet Augustines located in Madrid, Spain.
The Royal Observatory of Madrid is a historic observatory situated on a small hill next to the Buen Retiro Park in Madrid, Spain.
The Royal Palace of Madrid (Palacio Real de Madrid) is the official residence of the Spanish Royal Family at the city of Madrid, but it is only used for state ceremonies.
The Royal Spanish Academy (Spanish: Real Academia Española, generally abbreviated as RAE) is Spain's official royal institution with a mission to ensure the stability of the Spanish language.
The Royal Tapestry Factory (Spanish: Real Fábrica de Tapices de Santa Bárbara) is a manufacturing plant located in Madrid, Spain, which was founded in 1720.
The RTVE Symphony Orchestra (Orquesta Sinfónica de Radio Televisión Española), also known as the Spanish Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra is a Spanish radio orchestra servicing RTVE, the Spanish national broadcasting network.
Sabatini Gardens, with the Royal Palace. The Sabatini Gardens (in Spanish: Jardines de Sabatini) are part of the Royal Palace in Madrid, Spain, and were opened to the public by King Juan Carlos I in 1978.
Saint Louis University - Madrid Campus (SLU-Madrid), founded in 1967, is a 4-year American university in Spain.
Salamanca is one of the 21 districts that form the city of Madrid, Spain.
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marquess of Dalí de Púbol (11 May 190423 January 1989), known professionally as Salvador Dalí, was a prominent Spanish surrealist born in Figueres, Catalonia, Spain.
Same-sex marriage (also known as gay marriage) is the marriage of a same-sex couple, entered into in a civil or religious ceremony.
St Antony of the Germans (Spanish: San Antonio de los Alemanes) is a Baroque, Roman Catholic church located at the corner of Calle de la Puebla and Corredera Baja de San Pablo Madrid, Spain.
San Blas-Canillejas is a district at the east of Madrid's city centre.
San Cristóbal is a neighbourhood on the southern outskirts of Madrid, belonging to the working-class district of Villaverde, of which it is an administrative ward (barrio).
San Fernando de Henares is a municipality in Spain, in the province and autonomous community of Madrid.
San Jerónimo el Real (St. Jerome the Royal) is a Roman Catholic church from the early 16th-century in central Madrid (Spain).
San José (literally meaning "Saint Joseph") is the capital and largest city of Costa Rica.
San Juan (Saint John) is the capital and most populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States.
The Church of San Pedro el Real (St Peter the Royal), also known as San Pedro el Viejo is a small medieval church in central Madrid, Spain.
San Salvador ("Holy Savior") is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department.
San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.
San Sebastián de los Reyes (colloquially called "Sanse") is a municipality in the Community of Madrid in Spain.
Sancho IV of Castile (12 May 1258 – 25 April 1295) called the Brave (el Bravo), was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death.
The Santa Barbara, also known as Church of the Monastery of the Salesas Reales is a Catholic church, built in Neoclassic style, in central Madrid, Spain.
The Palacio de Santa Cruz or Palace of the Holy Cross is a baroque building in central Madrid, Spain.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
The Santiago Bernabéu Stadium (Estadio Santiago Bernabéu) is a football stadium in Madrid, Spain.
Santiago de Compostela is the capital of the autonomous community of Galicia, in northwestern Spain.
Santo Domingo (meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Schweppes is a Swiss beverage brand that is sold around the world.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) is an interdisciplinary body of the International Council for Science (ICSU).
The seat of government is (as defined by Brewer's Politics) "the building, complex of buildings or the city from which a government exercises its authority".
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, and limitations set by law.
The Spanish Republic (República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Segunda República Española), was the democratic government that existed in Spain from 1931 to 1939.
The Segovia Viaduct is a viaduct in the La Latina neighborhood in Madrid, Spain.
A semi-arid climate or steppe climate is the climate of a region that receives precipitation below potential evapotranspiration, but not as low as a desert climate.
Senegal (Sénégal), officially the Republic of Senegal, is a country in West Africa.
Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.
The Siege of Madrid was a two and a half year siege of the Spanish capital city of Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War of 1936 to 1939.
The Sierra de Guadarrama (Guadarrama Mountains) is a mountain range forming the main eastern section of the Sistema Central, the system of mountain ranges along the centre of the Iberian Peninsula.
SIMO TCI is an International Data Processing, Multimedia and Communications Show (consumer electronics) held every autumn (7–12 November) in Madrid, Spain.
A social issue is a problem that influences a considerable number of the individuals within a society.
The Museum Sorolla (Spanish: Museo Sorolla) is a museum located in Madrid, Spain.
Soto de Viñuelas, also known as Mount Viñuelas, is a meadow-oak forest north of the city of Madrid, south of Tres Cantos and San Agustín del Guadalix, east of the Monte de El Pardo and west of San Sebastián de los Reyes, all municipalities are parts of the Community of Madrid, Spain.
Southern Europe is the southern region of the European continent.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish American wars of independence were the numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America with the aim of political independence that took place during the early 19th century, after the French invasion of Spain during Europe's Napoleonic Wars.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
The Spanish Constitution of 1931 was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 9 December 1931.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
The Spanish Golden Age (Siglo de Oro, "Golden Century") is a period of flourishing in arts and literature in Spain, coinciding with the political rise of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
The Spanish miracle (El Milagro español, literally "The Spanish Miracle") was the name given to a broadly based economic boom in Spain from 1959 to 1974.
The Orquesta Nacional de España (Spanish National Orchestra) is a symphonic orchestra that is based in Madrid, Spain.
The Royal Sites (Reales Sitios) are a set of palaces, monasteries, and convents built for and under the patronage of the Spanish monarchy.
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) is a social-democraticThe PSOE is described as a social-democratic party by numerous sources.
A Special Protection Area (SPA) is a designation under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
The Papal Basilica of St.
Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods, and necessities available to a certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area, usually a country.
The Statue of the Bear and the Strawberry Tree (in Spanish “El Oso y el Madroño”) is a sculpture from the second half of the 20th century, situated in the Spanish city of Madrid.
Studying abroad is the act of a student pursuing educational opportunities in a country other than one's own.
The Suebi (or Suevi, Suavi, or Suevians) were a large group of Germanic tribes, which included the Marcomanni, Quadi, Hermunduri, Semnones, Lombards and others, sometimes including sub-groups simply referred to as Suebi.
The taifa of Toledo was a Berber Muslim taifa located in what is now central Spain.
Talavera de la Reina is a city and municipality in the western part of the province of Toledo, which in turn is part of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha, Spain.
Talgo Avril is a high-speed train that Talgo is developing.
Tío Pepe (named after one of the founders' uncles) is a brand of Sherry.
Teacher education or teacher training refers to the policies, procedures, and provision designed to equip (prospective) teachers with the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school, and wider community.
The Teatro de la Zarzuela is a theatre in Madrid, Spain.
Teatro Español ("Español Theatre" – former Teatro del Príncipe and Corral del Príncipe) is a public theater administered by the Government of Madrid, Spain.
The Teatro Monumental (Monumental Theatre) is a concert hall in Madrid.
Teatro Real (Royal Theatre) or simply El Real, as it is known colloquially, is a major opera house located in Madrid, Spain.
In the United States, a technical school is a two-year college that covers fields such as business, finance, hospitality, tourism, construction, engineering, visual arts, information technology and community work.
The Technical University of Madrid or sometimes called Polytechnic University of Madrid (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, UPM) is a Spanish university, located in Madrid.
Tegucigalpa (formally Tegucigalpa, Municipality of the Central District, Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central or Tegucigalpa, M.D.C.), colloquially referred to as Téguz, is the capital and largest city of Honduras along with its twin sister, Comayagüela.
Telefónica, S.A. is a Spanish multinational broadband and telecommunications provider with operations in Europe, Asia, and North, Central and South America.
The Temple of Debod (Templo de Debod) is an ancient Egyptian temple that was dismantled and rebuilt in Madrid, Spain.
Tenerife is the largest and most populated island of the seven Canary Islands.
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
Tetuán is a district of Madrid, Spain.
The arts refers to the theory and physical expression of creativity found in human societies and cultures.
The Dog in the Manger or The Gardener's Dog (El Perro del Hortelano) is a 1618 play by the Spanish playwright Lope de Vega.
The Garden of Earthly Delights is the modern title given to a triptych oil painting on oak panel painted by the Early Netherlandish master Hieronymus Bosch, housed in the Museo del Prado in Madrid since 1939.
The Immaculate Conception is a painting by Italian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (16961770).
The Japanese and Europe: Economic and Cultural Encounters is a 1996 book by Marie Conte-Helm, published by Athlone Press.
The Judgement of Paris refers to any of the several paintings of the Judgement of Paris produced by Peter Paul Rubens, though he did not match the 22 depictions of the subject attributed to Lucas Cranach the Elder.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Third of May 1808 (also known as El tres de mayo de 1808 en Madrid or Los fusilamientos de la montaña del Príncipe Pío, or Los fusilamientos del tres de mayoThe Museo del Prado entitles the work) is a painting completed in 1814 by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya, now in the Museo del Prado, Madrid.
Theoretical physics is a branch of physics that employs mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum (in Spanish, the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, named after its founder), or simply the Thyssen, is an art museum in Madrid, Spain, located near the Prado Museum on one of city's main boulevards.
Tintoretto (born Jacopo Comin, late September or early October, 1518 – May 31, 1594) was an Italian painter and a notable exponent of the Venetian school.
Tirso de Molina (24 March 1579 – 12 March 1648) was a Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk.
Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), known in English as Titian, was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.
Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.
Torre Picasso (Picasso Tower) is a skyscraper in Madrid, Spain designed by Minoru Yamasaki.
Torrejón de Ardoz is a municipality in the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours.
A trade fair (trade show, trade exhibition, or expo) is an exhibition organized so that companies in a specific industry can showcase and demonstrate their latest products and services, meet with industry partners and customers, study activities of rivals, and examine recent market trends and opportunities.
A transport hub (also transport interchange) is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or between transport modes.
Madrid is served by highly developed transport infrastructure.
The Treasure of Guarrazar, Guadamur, Province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain, is an archeological find composed of twenty-six votive crowns and gold crosses that had originally been offered to the Roman Catholic Church by the Kings of the Visigoths in the seventh century in Hispania, as a gesture of the orthodoxy of their faith and their submission to the ecclesiastical hierarchy.
The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a secret agreement signed on 27 October 1807 in Fontainebleau, France between King Charles IV of Spain and the French Emperor Napoleon.
Tres Cantos is a Spanish municipality in the province and Community of Madrid, situated 22 km to the north of the capital.
The Triple Crown is a term in European professional club basketball that refers to a club winning their country's top-tier level national domestic league, primary national domestic cup, and the top-tier level European-wide continental competition (EuroLeague) in the same season.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests (TSMF), also known as tropical moist forests, are a tropical and subtropical forest biome, sometimes referred to as jungle.
Trujillo (Trugillu) is a municipality located in the province of Cáceres, in the autonomous community of Extremadura, Spain.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
The Umayyad conquest of Hispania was the initial expansion of the Umayyad Caliphate over Hispania, largely extending from 711 to 788.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities, UCCI (Unión de Ciudades Capitales Iberoamericanas and União de Cidades Capitais Ibero-americanas), is an international, non-governmental organization of 29 major Ibero-American cities that fosters ties and friendly relations between its members.
United Left (Izquierda Unida, IU) is a political coalition that was organized in 1986, bringing together several left-wing and far-left political organizations.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Universidad is an administrative ward of Madrid's central district, where the historic neighborhoods of Malasaña and Conde Duque are located.
The University Camilo José Cela (UCJC) is a private university established in 2000 and based in Madrid, Spain.
The University City of Madrid (Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid), also called the Campus de Moncloa, is a complex in the Moncloa-Aravaca district of Madrid, Spain, that holds buildings of two universities and several related organizations.
The University of Alcalá (Universidad de Alcalá) is a public university located in Alcalá de Henares, a city 35 km (22 miles) northeast of Madrid in Spain and also the third-largest city of the region.
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (República Oriental del Uruguay), is a sovereign state in the southeastern region of South America.
Usera is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Valdemoro is a municipal district, located in the Southern zone of the autonomous community of Madrid, Spain.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Valladolid is a city in Spain and the de facto capital of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The Vandals were a large East Germanic tribe or group of tribes that first appear in history inhabiting present-day southern Poland.
Ventura Rodríguez Tizón (July 14, 1717 – September 26, 1785) was a Spanish architect and artist.
Vicálvaro is a former village in its own right of the province of Madrid.
The Vienna Secession (Wiener Secession; also known as the Union of Austrian Artists, or Vereinigung Bildender Künstler Österreichs) was an art movement formed in 1897 by a group of Austrian artists who had resigned from the Association of Austrian Artists, housed in the Vienna Künstlerhaus.
Villa de Vallecas (Village of Vallecas) is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Villaverde is one of the 21 districts of the city of Madrid, Spain.
Villaviciosa de Odón is a municipality in the western zone of the Community of Madrid in Spain.
The Virgin of Almudena (Virgen de la Almudena) is a medieval icon of the Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
Vitoria-Gasteiz is the seat of government and the capital city of the Basque Autonomous Community and of the province of Araba/Álava in northern Spain.
Volcanology (also spelled vulcanology) is the study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological, geophysical and geochemical phenomena.
The Vuelta a España (Tour of Spain) is an annual multi-stage bicycle race primarily held in Spain, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
Wanda Metropolitano (otherwise referred to as La Peineta, and as the Estadio Metropolitano for UEFA competitions) is a stadium in Madrid, Spain.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Water supply is the provision of water by public utilities commercial organisations, community endeavors or by individuals, usually via a system of pumps and pipes.
The Madrid Wax Museum (Spanish: Museo de cera de Madrid) is a wax museum located in Plaza de Colón in Madrid, Spain.
Wendell Cox is an American urban policy analyst and academic, known as a leading proponent of the use of the private car over rail projects.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
Premier Tournaments is a category of tennis tournaments in the Women's Tennis Association tour, implemented since the reorganization of the schedule in 2009.
, officially the, (Chavacano: Ciudad de Zamboanga, Lungsod ng Zamboanga), is a highly urbanized city in the Zamboanga Peninsula,.
Zaragoza, also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain.
Zarzuela is a Spanish lyric-dramatic genre that alternates between spoken and sung scenes, the latter incorporating operatic and popular song, as well as dance.
The Madrid Zoo Aquarium is a zoo and aquarium located in the Casa de Campo in Madrid, Spain.
The 1964 UEFA European Nations' Cup was the second European Championship.
The 1981 Spanish coup d'état attempt (Intento de Golpe de Estado de España de 1981), known in Spain by the numeronym 23-F and also known as the Tejerazo was an attempted coup d'état in Spain on 23 February 1981.
The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th FIFA World Cup, was held in Spain from 13 June to 11 July 1982.
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections.
The 2008–present Spanish financial crisis, also known as the Great Recession in Spain or the Great Spanish Depression, began in 2008 during the world financial crisis of 2007–08.
20th-century art—and what it became as modern art—began with modernism in the late 19th century.
Capital of Spain, City of Madrid, Demographics of Madrid, Geography of Madrid, Madrid (City), Madrid (Spain), Madrid (city), Madrid City, Madrid capital, Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, Spain, Madrid- Spain, Madrilena, Madrilene, Madrilenian, Madrileno, Madrileña, Madrileño, Mayrit, Municipality of Madrid, Mántŭa Carpetānṓrum, The weather in Madrid, UN/LOCODE:ESMAD.