144 relations: Adelaide, Administrative law, Advocate, Aedile, Africa, Agoranomus, Amy Tan, Ancient Rome, Arrest, Bail, Bankruptcy, Barrister, Baton charge, Bertie Wooster, Brisbane, Canberra, Chancellor of Switzerland, Chief magistrate, Child custody, Child support, China, Civil law (legal system), Civil registration, Code of Criminal Procedure (India), Colombo, Common law, Commonwealth, Communist Party of China, Consul, Consumer protection, Copyright, Counties of the People's Republic of China, County magistrate, Court, Courts Act 2003, Courts of England and Wales, Courts of Judicial Magistrate of First Class (India), Courts of Scotland, Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014, Curfew, Cursus honorum, Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier, Defendant, Deputy Commissioner (Bangladesh), Diana Bryant, District Collector (India), District Courts of India, Districts of Portugal, Election, Electronic tagging, ..., Ex officio member, Executive (government), Executive Magistrate of Bangladesh, Family Court of Australia, Federal Circuit Court of Australia, Federal Council (Switzerland), Federal Court of Australia, Federal judiciary of the United States, Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, Feudalism, George Washington, Georgia (U.S. state), Government of Australia, Head of government, Head of state, History of China, Human rights, Hybrid offence, Indian Penal Code, Indictable offence, Indigenous Australians, J. M. Coetzee, Jeeves and Wooster, John Adams, Judge, Judiciary, Judiciary of India, Judiciary of Portugal, Jurisdiction, Jurist, Justice in eyre, Justice of the peace, Koori Court, Law, Lawspeaker, Local Court of New South Wales, Magistrate (England and Wales), Magistrates' Association, Magistrates' court, Market (economics), Martial law, Melbourne, Military, Municipium, New South Wales, Notary public, Odo (Star Trek), Ohio, Old English, P. G. Wodehouse, Parking enforcement officer, Parramatta, PBS, Praetor, President of Portugal, President of the United States, Private law, Profession, Prosecutor, Public works, Queensland, Resident magistrate, Riot, Roman Empire, Roman magistrate, Roman Republic, Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat, Scotland, Sheriff, Solicitor, Star Trek, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, StarCraft, State court (United States), States and territories of Australia, Statute, Stipendiary magistrate, Style (manner of address), Summary offence, Supreme Court of Canada, Tangwai movement, Tehsildar, Title, Townsville, United States Congress, United States district court, United States Senate, Unlawful assembly, Unofficial magistrate, Virginia, Waiting for the Barbarians, Walt Disney, Warrant (law), West Virginia. Expand index (94 more) » « Shrink index
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.
Administrative law is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government.
An advocate in this sense is a professional in the field of law.
Aedile (aedīlis, from aedes, "temple edifice") was an office of the Roman Republic.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
An agoranomus or agoranomos (ἁγορανόμος), in antiquity, was a magistrate of Athens: there were ten and they maintained order and policy in the markets, settled disputes, examined of the quality of the articles exposed for sale, inspected weights and measures, collected the harbour dues and enforced the shipping regulations.
Amy Tan (born February 19, 1952) is an American writer whose works explore mother-daughter relationships and the Chinese American experience.
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
An arrest is the act of apprehending a person and taking them into custody, usually because they have been suspected of committing or planning a crime.
Bail is a set of restrictions that are imposed on a suspect while awaiting trial, to ensure they comply with the judicial process.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.
A baton charge is a coordinated tactic for dispersing crowds of people, usually used by police or military during public order situations.
Bertram "Bertie" Wilberforce Wooster is a recurring fictional character in the comedic Jeeves stories of British author P. G. Wodehouse.
Brisbane is the capital of and most populous city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.
Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
The Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler(in); Chancelier(-ière) fédéral(e); Cancelliere(-a) della Confederazione; Chancelier(a) federal(a)) is the head of the Federal Chancellery of Switzerland, which acts as the general staff of the seven-member Federal Council.
Chief magistrate is a public official, executive or judicial, whose office is the highest in its class.
Child custody and legal guardianship are legal terms which are used to describe the legal and practical relationship between a parent or guardian and a child in that person's care, such as the right to make decisions on behalf of a child and the duty to care for and support the child.
In family law and public policy, child support (or child maintenance) is an ongoing, periodic payment made by a parent for the financial benefit of a child (or parent, caregiver, guardian, or state) following the end of a marriage or other relationship.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Civil registration is the system by which a government records the vital events (births, marriages, and deaths) of its citizens and residents.
The Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is the main legislation on procedure for administration of substantive criminal law in India.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good.
The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China.
Consul (abbrev. cos.; Latin plural consules) was the title of one of the chief magistrates of the Roman Republic, and subsequently a somewhat significant title under the Roman Empire.
In regulatory jurisdictions that provide for this (a list including most or all developed countries with free market economies) consumer protection is a group of laws and organizations designed to ensure the rights of consumers, as well as fair trade, competition, and accurate information in the marketplace.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
Counties, formally county-level divisions, are found in the third level of the administrative hierarchy in Provinces and Autonomous regions, and the second level in municipalities and Hainan, a level that is known as "county level" and also contains autonomous counties, county-level cities, banners, autonomous banner, and City districts.
County magistrate (or sometimes called local magistrate, in imperial China was the official in charge of the xian, or county, the lowest level of central government. The magistrate was the official who had face-to-face relations with the people and administered all aspects of government on behalf of the emperor. Because he was expected to rule in a disciplined but caring way and because the people were expected to obey, the county magistrate was informally known as the Fumu Guan, the "Father and Mother" or "parental" official. The emperor appointed magistrates from among those who passed the imperial examinations or had purchased equivalent degrees. Education in the Confucian Classics indoctrinated these officials with a shared ideology that helped to unify the empire, but not with practical training. A magistrate acquired specialized skills only after assuming office. Once in office, the magistrate was caught between the demands of his superiors and the needs and resistance of his often unruly constituents. Promotion depended on the magistrate's ability to maintain peace and lawful order as he supervised tax collection, roads, water control, and the census; handled legal functions as both prosecutor and judge; arranged relief for the poor or afflicted; carried out rituals; encouraged education and schools; and performed any further task the emperor chose to assign. Allowed to serve in any one place for only three years, he was also at the mercy of the local elites for knowledge of the local scene. There was a temptation to postpone difficult problems to the succeeding magistrate's term or to push them into a neighboring magistrate's jurisdiction. The Yongzheng emperor praised the magistrate: "The integrity of one man involves the peace or unhappiness of a myriad." But a recent historian said of the magistrate that "if he had possessed the qualifications for carrying out all his duties, he would have been a genius. Instead, he was an all-around blunderer, a harassed Jack-of-all trades...." The Republic of China (1912 –) made extensive reforms in county government, but the position of magistrate was retained.. Under the People's Republic of China (1949 –) the office of county magistrate, sometimes translated as "mayor," was no longer the lowest level of the central government, which extended its control directly to the village level.
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.
The Courts Act 2003 (c.39) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom implementing many of the recommendations in Sir Robin Auld's (a Court of Appeal judge) in England and Wales (also known as the "Auld Review").
The Courts of England and Wales, supported administratively by Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service, are the civil and criminal courts responsible for the administration of justice in England and Wales.
Courts of Judicial Magistrate of First Class are at the second lowest level of the Criminal Court structure in India.
The courts of Scotland are responsible for administration of justice in Scotland, under statutory, common law and equitable provisions within Scots law.
The Courts Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 is an Act of the Scottish Parliament passed in October 2014 to improve access to the civil justice system and while making the Court of Session a place for the more complex cases.
A curfew is an order specifying a time during which certain regulations apply.
The cursus honorum (Latin: "course of offices") was the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in both the Roman Republic and the early Roman Empire.
Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier is a 1955 live-action Walt Disney adventure film starring Fess Parker as Davy Crockett.
A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
Deputy Commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") or District Magistrate is a chief administrative and revenue officer of a district or an administrative sub-unit of a division.
Diana Bryant (born 13 October 1947) is an Australian jurist.
A District Collector, often abbreviated to Collector, is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer in charge of revenue collection and administration of a district in India.
The District Courts (Hindi: ज़िला न्यायालय) of India are the district courts of the State governments in India for every district or for one or more districts together taking into account the number of cases, population distribution in the district.
The Districts of Portugal (Distritos de Portugal), are the most important first-level administrative subdivisions of mainland Portugal.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Electronic tagging is a form of surveillance which uses an electronic device, fitted to the person.
An ex officio member is a member of a body (a board, committee, council, etc.) who is part of it by virtue of holding another office.
The executive is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state.
Executive Magistrate (নির্বাহী ম্যাজিস্ট্রেট) is the Magistrate of the executive organ of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The members of the Bangladesh Civil Service (Administration) i.e. Bangladesh Administrative Service are the Executive Magistrates. They usually exercise vast executive and limited judicial power in their respective jurisdiction. They have been vested power under various sections of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC),1898; Penal Code,1860; Police Regulation,1943 and many others Criminal Acts. Executive Magistrates of Bangladesh are empowered to conduct Mobile Court (Section-5; The Mobile Court Act, 2009) for controlling law and order situation and for ensuring social justice by curving various social problems like food adulteration, eve teasing, narcotics controlling and eviction against illegal occupation of government property.
The Family Court of Australia is a superior Australian federal court of record which deals with family law matters, such as divorce applications, parenting disputes, and the division of wealth when a couple separate.
The Federal Circuit Court of Australia (formerly known as the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia) is an Australian court with jurisdiction over matters broadly relating to family law and child support, administrative law, admiralty law, bankruptcy, copyright, human rights, industrial law, migration, privacy and trade practices.
The Federal Council is the seven-member executive council which constitutes the federal government of the Swiss Confederation and serves as the collective executive head of government and state of Switzerland.
The Federal Court of Australia is an Australian superior court of record which has jurisdiction to deal with most civil disputes governed by federal law (with the exception of family law matters), along with some summary (less serious) criminal matters.
The federal judiciary of the United States is one of the three co-equal branches of the federal government of the United States organized under the United States Constitution and laws of the federal government.
The Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland (Bundesgericht, Tribunal fédéral, Tribunale federale, Tribunal federal) is the supreme court of the Swiss Confederation.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
George Washington (February 22, 1732 –, 1799), known as the "Father of His Country," was an American soldier and statesman who served from 1789 to 1797 as the first President of the United States.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
The earliest known written records of the history of China date from as early as 1250 BC,William G. Boltz, Early Chinese Writing, World Archaeology, Vol.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
A hybrid offence, dual offence, Crown option offence, dual procedure offence, or wobbler is one of the special class offences in the common law jurisdictions where the case may be prosecuted either summarily or as indictment.
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the main criminal code of India.
In many common law jurisdictions (e.g., England and Wales, Ireland, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore), an indictable offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury (in contrast to a summary offence).
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to British colonisation.
John Maxwell Coetzee (born 9 February 1940) is a South African novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Jeeves and Wooster is a British comedy-drama series adapted by Clive Exton from P. G. Wodehouse's "Jeeves" stories.
John Adams (October 30 [O.S. October 19] 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the first Vice President (1789–1797) and second President of the United States (1797–1801).
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
The Indian Judiciary administers a ''common law system'' of legal jurisdiction, in which customs, precedents and legislation, all codify the law of the land.
The Judiciary of Portugal is a system of courts that together constitute one of the four organs of Sovereignty as defined by the Portuguese Constitution.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
A jurist (from medieval Latin) is someone who researches and studies jurisprudence (theory of law).
In English law, the Justices in Eyre were the highest magistrates in medieval forest law, and presided over the court of justice-seat, a triennial court held to punish offenders against the forest law and enquire into the state of the forest and its officers (eyre, meaning "circuit", refers to the movement of the court between the different royal forests).
A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer, of a lower or puisne court, elected or appointed by means of a commission (letters patent) to keep the peace.
A Koori Court is a division of the Magistrate's court in Victoria, Australia, that sentences Indigenous Australians who pleaded guilty.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
A lawspeaker or lawman (Swedish: lagman, Old Swedish: laghmaþer or laghman, Danish: lovsigemand, Norwegian: lagmann, Icelandic: lög(sögu)maður, Faroese: løgmaður, Finnish: laamanni) is a unique Scandinavian legal office.
The Local Court of New South Wales is the lowest court in the judicial hierarchy of the Australian state of New South Wales.
In the legal system of England and Wales, there is a history of involving lay people, namely people from the local community who are not required to hold any legal qualifications, in the judicial decision-making process of the courts.
The Magistrates' Association is the membership organisation for magistrates in England and Wales.
A magistrates' court is a lower court where, in several jurisdictions, all criminal proceedings start.
A market is one of the many varieties of systems, institutions, procedures, social relations and infrastructures whereby parties engage in exchange.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
Municipium (pl. municipia) was the Latin term for a town or city.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
A notary public (or notary or public notary) of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business.
Odo, played by René Auberjonois, is a fictional character in the science fiction television series Star Trek: Deep Space Nine.
Ohio is a Midwestern state in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse (15 October 188114 February 1975) was an English author and one of the most widely read humourists of the 20th century.
A parking enforcement officer (PEO),, classification number 375.587-010 traffic warden (British English), parking inspector (Australia and New Zealand), or civil enforcement officer is a member of a traffic control department or agency who issues tickets for parking violations.
Parramatta is a prominent suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, west of the Sydney central business district on the banks of the Parramatta River.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
Praetor (also spelled prætor) was a title granted by the government of Ancient Rome to men acting in one of two official capacities: the commander of an army (in the field or, less often, before the army had been mustered); or, an elected magistratus (magistrate), assigned various duties (which varied at different periods in Rome's history).
The President of the Portuguese Republic (Presidente da República Portuguesa) is the executive head of state of Portugal.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
Private law is that part of a civil law legal system which is part of the jus commune that involves relationships between individuals, such as the law of contracts or torts (as it is called in the common law), and the law of obligations (as it is called in civil legal systems).
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system.
Public works (or internal improvements historically in the United States)Carter Goodrich, (Greenwood Press, 1960)Stephen Minicucci,, Studies in American Political Development (2004), 18:2:160-185 Cambridge University Press.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
A resident magistrate is a title for magistrates used in certain parts of the world, that were, or are, governed by the British.
A riot is a form of civil disorder commonly characterized by a group lashing out in a violent public disturbance against authority, property or people.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Roman magistrates were elected officials in Ancient Rome.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat is an educational Chinese-Canadian-American animated television series based on a 1994 novel by Amy Tan which aired on PBS Kids and Sprout, produced by Canadian animation studio CinéGroupe and Sesame Street creator Sesame Workshop.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
Star Trek is an American media franchise based on the science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry.
Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (sometimes abbreviated to DS9) is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe in the Milky Way galaxy, in the years 2369–2375.
StarCraft is a military science fiction media franchise, created by Chris Metzen and James Phinney and owned by Blizzard Entertainment.
In the United States, a state court has jurisdiction over disputes with some connection to a U.S. state, as opposed to the federal government.
Australia (officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia) is a federation of six states, together with ten federal territories.
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country.
Stipendiary magistrates, magistrates in receipt of a stipend, were the most junior judges in the Scottish judiciary.
A style of office or honorific is an official or legally recognized title.
A summary offence is a crime in some common law jurisdictions that can be proceeded against summarily, without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence).
The Supreme Court of Canada (Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada, the final court of appeals in the Canadian justice system.
The Tangwai movement, simply Tangwai, was a political movement in the Republic of China (Taiwan) in the mid-1970s and early 1980s.
In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, a tehsildar is a tax Officer accompanied with Revenue inspectors.
A title is a prefix or suffix added to someone's name in certain contexts.
Townsville is a city on the north-eastern coast of Queensland, Australia.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Unlawful assembly is a legal term to describe a group of people with the mutual intent of deliberate disturbance of the peace.
In Sri Lanka, a Justice of the Peace and Unofficial magistrate (also known as Acting magistrate) is an judicial appointment made by the Minister of Justice to a particular jurisdiction under the Judicature Act No 02 of 1978.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Waiting for the Barbarians is a novel by the South African-born Nobel laureate J. M. Coetzee.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
A warrant is generally an order that serves as a specific type of authorization, that is, a writ issued by a competent officer, usually a judge or magistrate, which permits an otherwise illegal act that would violate individual rights and affords the person executing the writ protection from damages if the act is performed.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.