283 relations: Administrative centre, Aeroflot Open, Aerosvit chess tournament, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Grischuk, Alexander Morozevich, Alexander Motylev, Alexander Onischuk, Alexei Shirov, Alexey Dreev, Alternative civilian service, Amber chess tournament, Amsterdam, Anatoly Karpov, Anish Giri, Anton Corbijn, Arkadij Naiditsch, Association football, Autism, Étienne Bacrot, Øyvind Asbjørnsen, Şəmkir, Baadur Jobava, Baku, Bærum, Bent Larsen, Berge Østenstad, Biel Chess Festival, Bilbao Chess Masters Final, Blindfold chess, Bobby Fischer, Boris Gelfand, Boris Spassky, Borki Predojević, Brussels, Bu Xiangzhi, Candidates Tournament, Cap d'Agde, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Checkmate, Chemical engineer, Chennai, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess engine, Chess middlegame, Chess opening, Chess Oscar, Chess prodigy, Chess World Cup 2005, ..., Chess World Cup 2007, Chess World Cup 2017, Chess960, Chessgames.com, Coat of arms, Combination (chess), Comparison of top chess players throughout history, Copenhagen, Corus 2008 chess tournament, Cosmopolitan (magazine), Dagbladet, David Baramidze, David Howell (chess player), Der Spiegel, Ding Liren, Dmitry Jakovenko, Doha, Donald Duck, Drammen, Duško Pavasovič, Dubai, Eduard Gufeld, Edward Winter (chess historian), Egil Olsen, Elo rating system, English Opening, Espen Agdestein, Espoo, European Youth Chess Championship, Evgeny Bareev, Fabiano Caruana, Farrukh Amonatov, Fast chess, FIDE Grand Prix 2008–10, FIDE titles, FIDE World Chess Championship 2004, FIDE world rankings, Francisco Vallejo Pons, G-Star Raw, Gadir Guseinov, Garry Kasparov, Gata Kamsky, Gausdal, Gawain Jones, Giuoco Piano, Glossary of chess, Grand Chess Tour, Grandmaster (chess), Grünfeld Defence, Grenke Chess Classic, Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, Haslum, Heraklion, Hikaru Nakamura, Houdini (chess), Ian Nepomniachtchi, Information technology consulting, IOS, Italian Game, Ivan Šarić (chess player), Ivan Cheparinov, J. J. Abrams, Jan Timman, Jeff Sonas, Jigsaw puzzle, Joël Lautier, John M. Burke, Jon Ludvig Hammer, Jon Speelman, José Raúl Capablanca, Judit Polgár, Khanty-Mansiysk, King's Pawn Game, Lázaro Bruzón, Lê Quang Liêm, León, Spain, Lego, Leif Erlend Johannessen, Leinier Domínguez, Leonard Barden, Levon Aronian, Li Chao (chess player), Lily Cole, Linares International Chess Tournament, List of chess players by peak FIDE rating, List of FIDE chess world number ones, List of municipalities of Norway, List of sovereign states, Liv Tyler, Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu, Lommedalen, London Chess Classic, Lubomir Kavalek, Luke McShane, M-Tel Masters, Mainz, Manager (association football), Manuel León Hoyos, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Mediaș, Mexico City, Michael Adams (chess player), Microsoft, Mikhail Tal, Miskolc, Monte Carlo, Moscow, Nanjing, Nettavisen, Ni Hua, Nice, Nigel Short, Nordic Semiconductor, Norm (chess), Norway, Norway Chess, Norwegian Chess Championship, Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year, Oddvar Brå, Ole Einar Bjørndalen, Oluwafemi Balogun, Oslo City, Pearl Spring chess tournament, Peer Gynt Prize, Peniscola, Perpetual check, Peter Heine Nielsen, Peter Leko, Peter Svidler, Play Magnus, Qatar, Qatar Masters, Qatar Masters Open, Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Gambit Declined, Cambridge Springs Defense, Queen's Pawn Game, Radosław Wojtaszek, Rainn Wilson, Rauf Mamedov, Reuben Fine, Reykjavík, Richárd Rapport, Rishon LeZion, Riyadh, Round-robin tournament, Ruslan Ponomariov, Sanan Sjugirov, Sarajevo, Scheveningen system, Science Daily, Semi-Slav Defense, Sergei Shipov, Sergey Karjakin, Shakhriyar Mamedyarov, Shamkir Chess, Shanghai, Sicilian Defence, Simen Agdestein, Sinquefield Cup, Skiing, Slav Defense, Sochi, Social democracy, SoulPancake, Star Trek Into Darkness, Stockfish (chess), Stockholm, Sune Berg Hansen, Tal Memorial, Talent agent, Talent manager, Tata Steel Chess Tournament, Tønsberg, Teimour Radjabov, The Cad and the Hat, The Colbert Report, The exchange (chess), The Guardian, The Simpsons, The Washington Post, The Week in Chess, Three points for a win, Tigran L. Petrosian, Time (magazine), Time 100, Tora Berger, Torbjørn Ringdal Hansen, Tromsø, Tyler Cowen, Vasily Smyslov, Vassily Ivanchuk, Vegetarianism, Verdens Gang, Veselin Topalov, Vestfold, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Fedoseev, Vladimir Georgiev (chess player), Vladimir Kramnik, Vladimir Malakhov (chess player), Vugar Gashimov, Wang Hao (chess player), Wang Yue, Wei Yi, Wesley So, Western world, White and Black in chess, Wijk aan Zee, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Work permit, World Blitz Chess Championship, World championship, World Chess Championship, World Chess Championship 2007, World Chess Championship 2008, World Chess Championship 2010, World Chess Championship 2012, World Chess Championship 2013, World Chess Championship 2014, World Chess Championship 2016, World Rapid Chess Championship, World Youth Chess Championship, Yannick Pelletier, Yu Yangyi, Zukertort Opening, Zurab Azmaiparashvili, Zurich Chess Challenge, 37th Chess Olympiad, 39th Chess Olympiad, 41st Chess Olympiad, 42nd Chess Olympiad, 60 Minutes, 64 (magazine). 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An administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a commune is located.
The Aeroflot Open is an annual open chess tournament played in Moscow and sponsored by the airline Aeroflot.
The Aerosvit chess tournament (Міжнародний шаховий турнір "Аеросвіт") is an annual chess tournament played in Foros, Ukraine, and sponsored by Aerosvit Airlines.
Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.
Alexander Igorevich Grischuk (Алекса́ндр И́горевич Грищу́к; born October 31, 1983) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexander Sergeyevich Morozevich (Александр Серге́евич Морозе́вич; born July 18, 1977) is a Russian chess Grandmaster.
Alexander Anatolyevich Motylev (Александр Анатольевич Мотылёв; born 17 June 1979) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alexander Onischuk (born September 3, 1975) is a Ukrainian-American chess grandmaster.
Alexei Shirov (Aleksejs Širovs;; born 4 July 1972) is a Latvian and Spanish chess grandmaster.
Alexey Dreev (Алексей Дреев; born 30 January 1969) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Alternative civilian service is a form of national service performed in lieu of conscription for various reasons, such as conscientious objection, inadequate health, or political reasons.
The Amber chess tournament (officially the Amber Rapid and Blindfold Chess Tournament, previously Melody Amber) was an annual invitation-only event for some of the world's best players, from 1992 to 2011.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.
Anish Kumar Giri (अनिश कुमार गिरी; born June 28, 1994) is a Russian-born Dutch Grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
Anton Johannes Gerrit Corbijn van Willenswaard (born 20 May 1955) is a Dutch photographer, music video director and film director.
Arkadij Naiditsch (Arkadiy Naydiç; born 25 October 1985) is an Azerbaijani (since 2015) chess grandmaster that previously represented Latvia (until 2005) and Germany (2005–2015).
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Étienne Bacrot (born 22 January 1983 in Lille) is a French chess grandmaster and former chess prodigy.
Øyvind VonDoren Asbjørnsen (born 28 November 1963) is a Norwegian film producer, director entrepreneur and watch creator.
Şəmkir is a city in and the capital of Shamkir District in western Azerbaijan, located in the northern foothills of the Lesser Caucasus, on the coast of the Chagirchay River on Tbilisi-Yevlakh highway, about from Dallar railway station.
Baadur Jobava (ბაადურ ჯობავა; born 26 November 1983) is a Georgian chess grandmaster and three-time Georgian champion (2003, 2007, 2012).
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
Bærum is a municipality in Akershus County, Norway.
Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.
Berge Østenstad (born 15 September 1964) is a Norwegian chess player and Norway's sixth International Grandmaster.
The Biel International Chess Festival is an annual chess tournament that takes place in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland.
The Bilbao Chess Masters Final (previously called the Grand Slam Chess Final) is an annual chess tournament which between 2008-12 brought together the strongest players from the previous year's "Grand Slam" events.
Blindfold chess (also known as sans voir) is a form of chess play wherein the players do not see the positions of the pieces or touch them.
Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.
Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.
Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Borki Predojević (Борки Предојевић; born 6 April 1987 in Teslić) is a Bosnian Serb chess grandmaster, the youngest ever from his country.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Bu Xiangzhi (born December 10, 1985) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and Chinese champion in 2004.
The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.
Cap d'Agde is a seaside resort on the Mediterranean sea in Agde, France: a commune in the department of Hérault within the region of Languedoc-Roussillon.
The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.
Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.
In the field of engineering, a chemical engineer is a professional, who is equipped with the knowledge of chemical engineering, works principally in the chemical industry to convert basic raw materials into a variety of products, and deals with the design and operation of plants and equipment.
Chennai (formerly known as Madras or) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.
In computer chess, a chess engine is a computer program that analyses chess or chess variant positions and makes decisions on the best chess moves.
The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Chess Oscar was an international award given annually to the best chess player.
Chess prodigies are children who can beat experienced adult players and even Masters at chess.
The Chess World Cup 2005 served as a qualification tournament for the FIDE World Chess Championship 2007.
The Chess World Cup 2007 served as a qualification tournament for the World Chess Championship 2010.
The Chess World Cup 2017 was a 128-player single-elimination chess tournament, held in Tbilisi, Georgia, from 2 to 27 September 2017.
Chess960, also called Fischer Random Chess (originally Fischerandom), is a variant of chess invented and advocated by former world chess champion Bobby Fischer, announced publicly on June 19, 1996, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
In chess, a combination is a sequence of moves, often initiated by a sacrifice, which leaves the opponent few options and results in tangible gain.
This article presents a number of methodologies that have been suggested for the task of comparing the greatest chess players in history.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
The 2008 Corus chess tournament was a Grandmaster level chess tournament held in the de Moriaan Community Centre, Wijk aan Zee, Netherlands from 12 January to 28 January 2008.
Cosmopolitan is an international fashion magazine for women, which was formerly titled The Cosmopolitan. The magazine was first published and distributed in 1886 in the United States as a family magazine; it was later transformed into a literary magazine and eventually became a women's magazine (since 1965).
Dagbladet (lit.: The Daily Magazine) is Norway's sixth largest newspaper with a circulation of 46,250 copies in 2016, down from a peak of 228,834 in 1994.
David Baramidze (დავით ბარამიძე, Davit' Baramidze; born September 27, 1988) is a German chess Grandmaster.
David Wei Liang Howell (born 14 November 1990) is an English chess grandmaster and British champion in 2009, 2013 and 2014.
Der Spiegel (lit. "The Mirror") is a German weekly news magazine published in Hamburg.
Ding Liren (born 24 October 1992) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Dmitry Olegovich Jakovenko (Дмитрий Олегович Яковенко; born 29 June 1983) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.
Donald Duck is a cartoon character created in 1934 at Walt Disney Productions.
Drammen is a city in Buskerud, Norway.
Duško Pavasovič (also spelt Pavasović and Pavasovic; born October 15, 1976) is a Slovenian chess grandmaster.
Dubai (دبي) is the largest and most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Eduard Yefimovich Gufeld (March 19, 1936, Kiev, Soviet Union – September 23, 2002) was a Soviet International Grandmaster of chess, and a chess author.
Edward Winter (born 1955) is an English chess journalist, archivist, historian, collector and author.
Egil Roger Olsen (born 22 April 1942 in Fredrikstad), nicknamed Drillo, is a Norwegian football manager and former footballer.
The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.
The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.
Espen Agdestein (born February 7, 1965) is the manager of current Chess World Champion Magnus Carlsen.
Espoo (Esbo) is the second largest city and municipality in Finland.
Since 1991, the European Chess Union (ECU) organises the European Youth Chess Championship in the groups under 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18 year.
Evgeny Ilgizovich Bareev (Евгений Ильгизович Бареев; born 21 November 1966 in Yemanzhelinsk) is a Russian (until 2015) and Canadian (since 2015) chess grandmaster and coach.
Fabiano Luigi Caruana (born July 30, 1992) is an Italian-American chess grandmaster.
Farrukh Amonatov (Фаррух Амонатов; born 13 April 1978 in Dushanbe) is the only chess grandmaster of Tajikistan.
Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.
The FIDE Grand Prix 2008–10 was a series of six chess tournaments that formed part of the qualification for the World Chess Championship 2012.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The FIDE World Chess Championship 2004 was held at the Almahary Hotel in Tripoli, Libya, from June 18 to July 13.
The Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) is the organization that governs international chess competition.
Francisco Vallejo Pons (born 21 August 1982 in Es Castell, Menorca) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.
G-Star RAW (commonly called G-Star) is a Dutch designer clothing company, founded by Jos van Tilburg in Amsterdam in 1989, which produces urban clothing.
Gadir Guseinov (Qədir Hüseynov; born 21 May 1986) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.
Gata Kamsky (Ğata Kamski; Гата Камский; Гата Камский; born June 2, 1974) is an American chess grandmaster, and a five-time U.S. champion.
Gausdal is a municipality in Oppland county, Norway.
Gawain Christopher B. Jones (born 11 December 1987) is an English chess grandmaster and chess author.
The Giuoco Piano (Italian: "Quiet Game"), also called the Italian Opening,Hooper & Whyld (1996), p. 183.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The Grand Chess Tour (GCT) is a circuit of chess tournaments where players compete for multiple prize pools.
The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
Grenke Chess Classic is an elite chess tournament held in the German cities of Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden and sponsored by Grenke Leasing.
Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, commonly referred to as Gyldendal N.F. and in Norway often only as Gyldendal, is one of the largest Norwegian publishing houses.
Haslum is a district in the municipality of Bærum, Norway.
Heraklion (Ηράκλειο, Irákleio) is the largest city and the administrative capital of the island of Crete.
is a Japanese-American chess grandmaster.
Houdini is a UCI chess engine developed by Belgian programmer Robert Houdart.
Ian Alexandrovich Nepomniachtchi (Yan Aleksandrovich Nepomnyashchiy; born 14 July 1990) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
In management, information technology consulting (also called IT consulting, computer consultancy, business and technology services, computing consultancy, technology consulting, and IT advisory) as a field of activity focuses on advising organizations on how best to use information technology (IT) in achieving their business objectives.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
The Italian Game is a family of chess openings beginning with the moves: The Italian Game is part of the large family of Open Games or Double King's Pawn Games.
Ivan Šarić (born 17 August 1990) is a Croatian chess grandmaster.
Ivan Cheparinov (Bulgarian: Иван Чепаринов) (born November 26, 1986 in Asenovgrad, Bulgaria) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster.
Jeffrey Jacob Abrams (born June 27, 1966) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and composer.
Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.
Jeff Sonas is a statistical chess analyst who invented the Chessmetrics system for rating chess players, which is intended as an improvement on the Elo rating system.
A jigsaw puzzle is a tiling puzzle that requires the assembly of often oddly shaped interlocking and tessellating pieces.
Joël Lautier (born 12 April 1973) is a French chess grandmaster and FIDE Senior Trainer (2006).
John M. Burke (born 2001) is an American chess grandmaster.
Jon Ludvig Nilssen Hammer (born 2 June 1990) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster.
Jonathan Simon Speelman (born 2 October 1956) is an English Grandmaster chess player, mathematician and chess writer.
José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.
Judit Polgár (born 23 July 1976) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Khanty-Mansiysk (Ха́нты-Манси́йск, lit. Khanty-Mansi Town; Khanty: Ёмвош, Yomvosh; Mansi: Абга, Abga) is a town and the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
Lázaro Bruzón Batista (born 2 May 1982 in Holguín) is a Cuban chess grandmaster.
Lê Quang Liêm (born 13 March 1991 in Ho Chi Minh City) is a Vietnamese chess grandmaster and the 2013 World Blitz Chess Champion.
León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.
Lego (stylized as LEGO) is a line of plastic construction toys that are manufactured by The Lego Group, a privately held company based in Billund, Denmark.
Leif Erlend Johannessen (born 14 May 1980) is a Norwegian chess player, and Norway's fifth grandmaster.
Leinier Domínguez Pérez (born September 23, 1983) is a Cuban chess grandmaster.
Leonard William Barden (born 20 August 1929, in Croydon, London) is an English chess master, writer, broadcaster, organizer and promoter.
Levon Grigori Aronian (Լևոն Գրիգորի Արոնյան Levon Grigori Aronyan; born 6 October 1982) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster.
Li Chao (born 21 April 1989 in Taiyuan, Shanxi) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and Asian champion in 2013.
Lily Luahana Cole (born 27 December 1987), lilycole.com.
The Linares International Chess Tournament (Spanish: Torneo Internacional de Ajedrez Ciudad de Linares) was an annual chess tournament, usually played around the end of February, which takes its name from the city of Linares in the Jaén province of Andalusia, Spain, in which it is held.
This is the list of top ranked chess grandmasters, ordered by their peak Elo rating.
A total of seven chess players have been the chess world number one on the official FIDE rating list since it was first published in July 1971.
Norway is divided into 18 administrative regions, called counties (fylker in Norwegian, singular: fylke), and 422 municipalities (kommuner/-ar, singular: kommune – cf. communes).
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
Liv Rundgren Tyler (born Liv Rundgren; July 1, 1977) is an American actress and former model.
Liviu-Dieter Nisipeanu (born 1 August 1976) is a Romanian (until 2014) and German (since 2014) chess grandmaster.
Lommedalen is a rural community in a small valley in Bærum municipality in the county of Akershus, Norway.
The London Chess Classic is a chess festival held at the Olympia Conference Centre, West Kensington, London.
Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.
Luke James McShane (born 7 January 1984) is an English chess player.
Mtel Masters was an annual super-GM chess tournament held between 2005 and 2009 in Sofia, Bulgaria, sponsored and organized by the Bulgarian mobile network operator, M-Tel.
Satellite view of Mainz (south of the Rhine) and Wiesbaden Mainz (Mogontiacum, Mayence) is the capital and largest city of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany.
In association football, a manager is an occupation of head coach in the United Kingdom responsible for running a football club or a national team.
Manuel León Hoyos (born February 10, 1989) is a Mexican chess Grandmaster.
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave (born 21 October 1990) is a French chess grandmaster.
Mediaș (Mediasch; Medgyes; Transylvanian Saxon: Medwesch) is the second largest city in Sibiu County, Transylvania, Romania.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michael Adams (born 17 November 1971) is an English chess grandmaster.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).
Miskolc (Slovak/Czech: Miškovec, German: Mischkolz, Romanian: Mișcolț, מישקאָלץ Mishkoltz) is a city in northeastern Hungary, known for its heavy industry.
Monte Carlo (Monte-Carlo, or colloquially Monte-Carl; Monégasque: Monte-Carlu) officially refers to an administrative area of the Principality of Monaco, specifically the ward of Monte Carlo/Spélugues, where the Monte Carlo Casino is located.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking and Nankin, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China and the second largest city in the East China region, with an administrative area of and a total population of 8,270,500.
Nettavisen is a Norwegian online newspaper, launched in 1996 as the first in the country that was not created as part of a pre-existing newspaper.
Ni Hua (born May 31, 1983 in Shanghai) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and the national team captain.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.
Nordic Semiconductor (formerly Nordic VLSI) is a fabless semiconductor company.
A norm in chess is a high level of performance in a chess tournament.
Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.
Norway Chess is an annual closed chess tournament, typically taking place in the May to June time period every year.
The Norwegian Chess Championship (NM i sjakk) is an annual tournament held in Norway during the month of July, in order to determine the national chess champion.
The Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year (Årets Idrettsnavn) is an annual award given by the Norwegian Association of Sports Journalists (Norske sportsjournalisters forbund).
Oddvar Brå (born 16 March 1951) is a Norwegian former cross-country skier.
Ole Einar Bjørndalen (born 27 January 1974) is a retired Norwegian professional biathlete, often referred to by the nickname, the "King of Biathlon".
Oluwafemi Balogun is a Nigerian chess player and FIDE Master.
Oslo City is one of the largest shopping centres in central Oslo, Norway.
The Pearl Spring Chess Tournament was a double round robin chess tournament event featuring six super-GM players that took place in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.
The Peer Gynt Prize or the Peer Gynt Award (Årets Peer Gynt or Per Gynt-prisen) is a private Norwegian prize presented annually by the private commercial company Peer Gynt AS during the Peer Gynt Festival, also organised by the same company.
Peníscola or Peñíscola, anglicised as Peniscola, is a municipality in the Province of Castellón, Valencian Community, Spain.
In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.
Peter Heine Nielsen (born 24 May 1973) is a Danish chess grandmaster.
Peter Leko ('Lékó Péter'; Петер Леко; born September 8, 1979 in Subotica, Yugoslavia) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Pyotr Veniaminovich Svidler (Пётр Вениами́нович Сви́длер; born 17 June 1976) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Play Magnus is a commercial computer chess mobile app available for the iOS and Android mobile operating systems.
Qatar (or; قطر; local vernacular pronunciation), officially the State of Qatar (دولة قطر), is a sovereign country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
The Commercial Bank Qatar Masters is a golf tournament held at the Doha Golf Club in Doha, Qatar.
The Qatar Masters Open is an open chess tournament organized by the Qatar Chess Association in Doha, Qatar.
The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.
In chess, the Cambridge Springs Defense (or less commonly, the Pillsbury Variation) is a variation of the Queen's Gambit Declined that begins with the moves: Black breaks the pin on the h4–d8 diagonal and forms a pin of his own on the c3-knight (exploiting the absence of the White's queen bishop from the). If Black later plays dxc4, there may be threats against the g5-bishop.
The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.
Radosław Wojtaszek (born 13 January 1987, in Elbląg, Poland) is a Polish chess grandmaster.
Rainn Dietrich Wilson (born January 20, 1966) is an American actor, comedian, writer, director, businessman, and producer.
Rauf Mamedov (Rauf Məmmədov; born 26 April 1988) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Richárd Rapport (born 25 March 1996) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster.
Rishon LeZion (רִאשׁוֹן לְצִיּוֹן, lit. First to Zion) is the fourth largest city in Israel, located along the central Israeli coastal plain south of Tel Aviv.
Riyadh (/rɨˈjɑːd/; الرياض ar-Riyāḍ Najdi pronunciation) is the capital and most populous city of Saudi Arabia.
A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.
Ruslan Olegovich Ponomariov (Русла́н Оле́гович Пономарьо́в, Ruslan Olehovych Ponomar'ov; born 11 October 1983) is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.
Sanan Sjugirov (Санан Сюгиров; born 31 January 1993) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
The Scheveningen system is a method of organizing a chess match between two teams.
Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.
The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.
Sergei Shipov (born April 17, 1966 in Murom) is a Russian chess grandmaster with a peak FIDE rating of 2662 (No. 23 in the world on the January 1999 list), chess journalist and chess writer.
Sergey Alexandrovich Karjakin (Серге́й Алекса́ндрович Каря́кин,; born 12 January 1990) is a Russian (formerly representing Ukraine) chess grandmaster.
Shakhriyar Hamid oglu Mamedyarov (Şəhriyar Həmid oğlu Məmmədyarov; born 12 April 1985) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Shamkir Chess is a chess supertournament played in Shamkir, Azerbaijan in memory of Vugar Gashimov (1986–2014).
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.
Simen Agdestein (born 15 May 1967) is a Norwegian chess grandmaster, chess coach, author, and former professional footballer as a striker with the Norway national football team.
The Sinquefield Cup is an annual, invite-only chess tournament in St. Louis, Missouri, United States, honoring Rex Sinquefield and his wife Jeanne, the founders of the Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis.
Skiing can be a means of transport, a recreational activity or a competitive winter sport in which the participant uses skis to glide on snow.
The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.
Sochi (a) is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia.
Social democracy is a political, social and economic ideology that supports economic and social interventions to promote social justice within the framework of a liberal democratic polity and capitalist economy.
SoulPancake is American actor Rainn Wilson's media and production company.
Star Trek Into Darkness is a 2013 American science fiction adventure film directed by J. J. Abrams and written by Roberto Orci, Alex Kurtzman, and Damon Lindelof.
Stockfish is a free and open-source UCI chess engine, available for various desktop and mobile platforms.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Sune Berg Hansen (born 21 April 1971) is a Danish chess grandmaster.
The Tal Memorial is an annual chess tournament played in Moscow from 2006 to 2018 with the exception of 2015, to honour the memory of the former World Champion Mikhail Tal (1936–1992).
A talent agent, or booking agent, is a person who finds jobs for actors, authors, film directors, musicians, models, professional athletes, writers, screenwriters, broadcast journalists, and other professionals in various entertainment or broadcast businesses.
A talent manager (also known as an artist manager, band manager or music manager) is an individual or company who guides the professional career of artists in the entertainment industry.
The Tata Steel Chess Tournament is an annual chess tournament held in January in Wijk aan Zee, the Netherlands.
Tønsberg is a city and municipality in Vestfold county, southern Norway, located around south-southwest of Oslo on the western coast of the Oslofjord near its mouth onto the Skagerrak.
Teimour Radjabov (also spelled Teymur Rajabov; Teymur Rəcəbov; born 12 March 1987) is an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
"The Cad and the Hat" is the fifteenth episode of the twenty-eighth season of the animated television series The Simpsons, and the 611th episode of the series overall.
The Colbert Report is an American late-night talk and news satire television program hosted by Stephen Colbert that aired four days a week on Comedy Central from October 17, 2005 to December 18, 2014 for 1,447 episodes.
The exchange in chess refers to a situation in which one player loses a minor piece (i.e. a bishop or knight) but captures the opponent's rook.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The Week in Chess (TWIC) is one of the first, if not the first, Internet-based chess news services.
Three points for a win is a standard used in many sports leagues and group tournaments, especially in association football, in which three (rather than two) points are awarded to the team winning a match, with no points awarded to the losing team.
Tigran Levonovich Petrosian (Տիգրան Լևոնի Պետրոսյան; born September 17, 1984) is an Armenian chess player who holds the title of grandmaster (2004).
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Time 100 (often written in all-caps as TIME 100) is an annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world assembled by the American news magazine Time.
Tora Berger (born 18 March 1981) is a retired Norwegian biathlete and Olympic champion.
Torbjørn Ringdal Hansen (born 1979) is a Norwegian chess player.
Tromsø (Romsa; Tromssa; Tromssa) is a city and municipality in Troms county, Norway.
Tyler Cowen (born January 21, 1962) is an American economist, who is an economics professor at George Mason University, where he holds the Holbert C. Harris chair in the economics department.
Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov (Василий Васильевич Смыслов; 24 March 1921 – 27 March 2010) was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958.
Vassily Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk, also transliterated as Vasyliy or Vasyl (Василь Михайлович Іванчук; born March 18, 1969), is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and a former World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, and the flesh of any other animal), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter.
Verdens Gang ("The course of the world"), generally known under the abbreviation VG, is a foreign-owned Norwegian tabloid newspaper.
Veselin Aleksandrov Topalov (pronounced; Весели́н Александров Топа́лов; born 15 March 1975) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and former FIDE World Chess Champion.
Vestfold is a county in Norway, on the western shore of the Oslofjord.
Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.
Vladimir Vasilyevich Fedoseev (Влади́мир Васи́льевич Федосе́ев; born February 16, 1995) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Georgiev (Владимир Георгиев; born 27 August 1975 in Sofia, Bulgaria) is a Bulgarian-Macedonian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Borisovich Kramnik (Влади́мир Бори́сович Кра́мник; born 25 June 1975) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vladimir Malakhov (Владимир Малахов; born 27 November 1980) is a Russian chess grandmaster.
Vugar Gashimov (Vüqar Həşimov; 24 July 1986 – 11 January 2014) was an Azerbaijani chess grandmaster.
Wang Hao (born August 4, 1989) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Wang Yue (born 31 March 1987) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
Wei Yi (born 2 June 1999) is a Chinese chess grandmaster and chess prodigy.
Wesley Barbasa So (born October 9, 1993) is a Filipino-American chess grandmaster.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".
Wijk aan Zee is a small town on the coast of the North Sea in the municipality of Beverwijk in the province of North Holland of the Netherlands.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
A work permit is the permission to take a job within a foreign country.
The World Blitz Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under blitz time controls.
A world championship is generally an international sports competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport or contest.
The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.
The World Chess Championship 2007 was held in Mexico City, from 12 September 2007 to 30 September 2007 to decide the world champion in the board game chess.
The World Chess Championship 2008 was a best-of-twelve-games match between the incumbent World Chess Champion, Viswanathan Anand, and the previous World Champion, Vladimir Kramnik.
The World Chess Championship 2010 match pitted the defending world champion, Viswanathan Anand, against challenger Veselin Topalov, for the title of World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2012 was a chess match between the defending world champion Viswanathan Anand of India and Boris Gelfand of Israel, winner of the 2011 Candidates Tournament.
The World Chess Championship 2013 was a match between reigning world champion Viswanathan Anand and challenger Magnus Carlsen, to determine the 2013 World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2014 was a match between the world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Viswanathan Anand, to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Chess Championship 2016 was a chess match between reigning world champion Magnus Carlsen and challenger Sergey Karjakin to determine the World Chess Champion.
The World Rapid Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under rapid time controls.
The World Youth Chess Championship is a chess competition for girls and boys under the age of 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 and 18.
Yannick Pelletier (born September 22, 1976 in Biel/Bienne, Switzerland) is a Swiss chess player who lives in Paris, France.
Yu Yangyi (born 8 June 1994) is a Chinese chess grandmaster.
The Zukertort Opening is a chess opening named after Johannes Zukertort that begins with the move: Sometimes the term "Réti Opening" is used to describe the opening move 1.Nf3, although most sources define the Réti more narrowly as the sequence 1.Nf3 d5 2.c4.
Zurab Azmaiparashvili (ზურაბ აზმაიფარაშვილი; born 16 March 1960) is a chess Grandmaster from Georgia.
The Zurich Chess Challenge (ZCC) is one of the major recurring international chess tournaments, combining rapid chess with classical or blitz chess.
The 37th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between May 20 and June 4, 2006, in Turin, Italy.
The 39th Chess Olympiad, organised by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place from September 19 to October 4, 2010 in Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia.
The 41st Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an open and women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, took place in Tromsø, Norway, between 1–14 August 2014.
The 42nd Chess Olympiad, organised by the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDE) and comprising an Open and Women's tournament, as well as several events designed to promote the game of chess, was held in Baku, Azerbaijan, from 1–14 September 2016.
60 Minutes is an American newsmagazine television program broadcast on the CBS television network.
64 was a Russian chess magazine and draughts publication, published in Moscow.