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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. [1]

343 relations: A Letter to a Hindu, Academy Awards, African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68), Aga Khan, Aga Khan Palace, Ahimsa, Ahmedabad, Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha, Al Gore, Albert Einstein, Alfred High School (Rajkot), All India Congress Committee, All-India Muslim League, American Academy of Religion, American Friends Service Committee, Apartheid, Apology (Plato), Appendicitis, Arranged marriage, Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, Atheism, Aung San Suu Kyi, Axiom, Ātman (Hinduism), B. R. Ambedkar, Balinese Hinduism, Bambatha Rebellion, Bangalore, Bania (caste), Bania (Newar caste), Barack Obama, Barrister, Battle of Spion Kop, Bayswater, Belgaum, Ben Kingsley, Bengal, Benigno Aquino, Jr., Beretta, Bhagat Singh, Bhagavad Gita, Bhavnagar, Bhavnagar State, Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya, Bloemfontein, Bollywood, Brahmacharya, Brahmin, British Empire, British Raj, ..., Buddhism, C. Rajagopalachari, Caliphate, Call to the bar, Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity, Cape Town, Cesar Chavez, Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha, Charles Freer Andrews, Chastity, Chauri Chaura incident, Chikmagalur, Child marriage, Chittaranjan Das, Civil disobedience, Civil Disobedience (Thoreau), Colony of Natal, Communal Award, Community of the Ark, Constitution of India, Dalit, Daridra Narayana, Delhi, Desmond Tutu, Devanagari, Devdas Gandhi, Dewan, Dhoti, Direct Action Day, Disfranchisement, Dominion, Dominion of India, Dominion of Pakistan, Durban, Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, Eknath Easwaran, Fad, Fasting, Father of the Nation, Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon, Fruitarianism, Gandhi (film), Gandhi cap, Gandhi Jayanti, Gandhi Market, Gandhi Peace Prize, Gandhi Smriti, Gandhi Teerth, Gandhi the Man, Gandhi, My Father, Gandhian economics, Gandhi–Irwin Pact, Gandhinagar, George Orwell, Girgaum Chowpatty, Google, Google Doodle, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Government of India, Gowalia Tank, Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle with India, Gujarat, Gujarati language, Gujarati people, Harijan, Harilal Gandhi, Harishchandra, Henry David Thoreau, Henry Stephens Salt, Hermann Kallenbach, Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, Hindi, Hindu, Hindu nationalism, Hinduism, Honorific, Houston, Hunger strike, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, I Have a Dream, I.B. Tauris, Independence Day (India), India After Gandhi, India House, London, Indian independence movement, Indian National Congress, Indian Opinion, Indian Parliament, Indian Rebellion of 1857, Indian South Africans, Inner Temple, International Day of Non-Violence, Jainism, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, James Bevel, James Lawson (American activist), Jan Smuts, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jens Arup Seip, Jews, Jinja, Uganda, Johannesburg, John Lennon, John Maffey, 1st Baron Rugby, John Ruskin, Joseph Chamberlain, Joseph Lelyveld, Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Junagadh State, Jurisprudence, Justice, Kanyakumari, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, Karnataka, Kasturba Gandhi, Kathiawar, Kathiawar Agency, Khadi, Khaksars, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Kheda, Khilafat Movement, Kuruvilla Pandikattu, KwaZulu–Natal, Lacto vegetarianism, Lage Raho Munna Bhai, Lahore, Lanza del Vasto, Lech Wałęsa, Leo Tolstoy, List of civil rights leaders, List of fasts undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi, List of peace activists, List of roads named after Mahatma Gandhi, Louis Fischer, Lucknow, Madurai, Mahadev Desai, Mahatma Gandhi District, Houston, Mahatma Gandhi Series (banknotes), Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948, Mahātmā, Main Street, Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara, Malaria, Manilal Gandhi, Maria Lacerda de Moura, Martin Buber, Martin Luther King, Jr., Martyrs' Day (India), Matriculation, Me Nathuram Godse Boltoy, Meher Baba, Messiah, Ministry of Home Affairs (India), Mint (newspaper), Mirabehn, Modh, Motilal Nehru, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Mumbai, Nadiad, Natal Indian Congress, Nathuram Godse, National Archives of India, Navajivan Trust, Nazi Germany, NDTV, Nelson Mandela, Nile, Nobel Peace Prize, Nonresistance, Nonviolence, Nonviolent resistance, Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom, Ottoman Caliphate, Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, Pacifism, Palwankar Baloo, Partition (law), Partition of India, Philosophical anarchism, Pietermaritzburg, Plato, Pleurisy, Political Science Quarterly, Poona Pact, Porbandar, Pranami, Prejudice, Presidencies and provinces of British India, President of South Africa, Pretoria, Prime Minister's Office (India), Princely state, Public holidays in India, Pune, Punjab Province (British India), Punjab region, Purdah, Pyarelal Nayyar, Quit India Movement, Rabindranath Tagore, Radio, Raj Ghat and associated memorials, Rama, Ramachandra Guha, Ramdas Gandhi, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Religious pluralism, Reserve Bank of India, Richard Attenborough, Right to Information Act, Romain Rolland, Round Table Conferences (India), Sabarmati Ashram, Salt March, Sambalpur, Sanskrit, Sarojini Naidu, Sati (practice), Satya, Satyagraha, School Day of Non-violence and Peace, Second Boer War, Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine, Shivaram Rajguru, Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Vadtal, Sikh, Singapore, Sion, Mumbai, Spinning wheel, SS Rajputana, Stanley Wolpert, Steve Biko, Subhas Chandra Bose, Sukhdev Thapar, Sushila Nayyar, Swadeshi movement, Swami Vivekananda, Swaminarayan, Swaminarayan Sampraday, Swaraj, Tamukkam Palace, Temperance (virtue), The Daily Star (Bangladesh), The Guardian, The Holocaust, The Indian Express, The Kingdom of God Is Within You, The Making of the Mahatma, The New York Times, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, The Telegraph (Calcutta), The Times of India, Theosophical Society, Theosophy, Time (magazine), Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century, Time Person of the Year, Transvaal Colony, Triveni Sangam, Truth, Tushar Gandhi, Udham Singh, United Nations General Assembly, University College London, Unto This Last, Untouchability, Uttar Pradesh, Vadtal, Vaishnavism, Vaishya, Vallabhbhai Patel, Vegetarian Society, Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal, Vinay Lal, Vivisection, Welcome Back Gandhi, Western India, White South African, William Mackintire Salter, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, Yerwada Central Jail, Young India, Zionism, Zulu Kingdom, 14th Dalai Lama. 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A Letter to a Hindu

"A Letter to a Hindu" (also known as "A Letter to a Hindoo") was a letter written by Leo Tolstoy to Tarak Nath Das in 14 December 1908.

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Academy Awards

The Academy Awards or The Oscars is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.

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African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)

The Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement, sometimes anachronistically referred to as the "African-American Civil Rights Movement" although the term "African-Americans" was not used in the 1960s, encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against black Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law.

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Aga Khan

Aga Khan (آقاخان; also transliterated as Aqa Khan and Agha Khan) is a name used by the Imam of the Nizari Ismailis since 1818.

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Aga Khan Palace

The Aga Khan Palace was built by Sultan Muhammed Shah Aga Khan III in Pune, India.

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Ahimsa

Ahimsa (अहिंसा; IAST:, Pāli) is a term meaning 'not to injure' and 'compassion'.

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Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad (also known as Amdavad Gujarati pronunciation) is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat.

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Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha

The Akhil Bhāratiya Hindū Mahāsabhā (All-India Hindu Assembly) is a Hindu nationalist political party in India.

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Al Gore

Albert Arnold "Al" Gore, Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001 under President Bill Clinton.

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Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist.

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Alfred High School (Rajkot)

The Alfred High School (also known as Mohandas Gandhi High School) in Rajkot is one of the oldest institutions in India today.

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All India Congress Committee

The All India Congress Committee (AICC) is the Presidium or central decision-making assembly of the Indian National Congress Party.

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All-India Muslim League

The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire.

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American Academy of Religion

The American Academy of Religion (AAR) is the world's largest association of scholars in the field of religious studies and related topics.

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American Friends Service Committee

The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) is a Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) founded organization working for peace and social justice in the United States and around the world.

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Apartheid

Apartheid (an Afrikaans word meaning "the state of being apart", literally "apart-hood") was a system of racial segregation in South Africa enforced through legislation by the National Party (NP), the governing party from 1948 to 1994.

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Apology (Plato)

The Apology (Ἀπολογία Σωκράτους; Apologia Socratis) is Plato's version of the speech given by Socrates as he defended himself in 399 BC against the charges of "corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other ''daimonia'' that are novel" (24b).

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Appendicitis

Appendicitis (also called epityphlitis) is inflammation of the appendix.

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Arranged marriage

Arranged marriage is a type of marital union where the bride and groom are selected by a third party rather than by each other.

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Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated at the Birla House (now Gandhi Smriti) in New Delhi on 30 January 1948.

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Atheism

Atheism is, in a broad sense, the rejection of belief in the existence of deities.

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Aung San Suu Kyi

# Aung San Suu Kyi AC (born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma.

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Axiom

An axiom or postulate is a premise or starting point of reasoning.

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Ātman (Hinduism)

Ātman is a Sanskrit word that means inner self or soul.

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956), popularly known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer who inspired the Modern Buddhist Movement and campaigned against social discrimination against Untouchables (Dalits), while also supporting the rights of women and labour.

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Balinese Hinduism

Balinese Hinduism, (Hindu Dharma), is the form of Hinduism practiced by the majority of the population of Bali.

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Bambatha Rebellion

The Bambatha Uprising was a Zulu revolt against British rule and taxation in Natal, South Africa, in 1906.

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Bangalore

Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Bania (caste)

The Bania (otherwise known as Baniya, Vani and Vania) is an occupational community of merchants, bankers, money-lenders, dealers in grains or in spices, and in modern times numerous commercial enterprises.

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Bania (Newar caste)

Bania (Devanagari: बनिया) is a Nepalese caste from the Newar community of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.

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Barack Obama

Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is the 44th and current President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office.

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Barrister

A barrister (also known as barrister-at-law or Bar-at-law) is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions with a split legal profession.

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Battle of Spion Kop

The Battle of Spion Kop (Slag bij Spionkop.; Slag van Spioenkop) was fought about west-south-west of Ladysmith on the hilltop of Spioenkop(1) along the Tugela River, Natal in South Africa from 23–24 January 1900.

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Bayswater

Bayswater is an area within the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in central London.

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Belgaum

Belgaum, officially known as Belagavi and also referred to as Beḷgaon by the marathi speakers, (earlier known as "Venugrama" or the "Bamboo Village") is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Ben Kingsley

Sir Ben Kingsley (born Krishna Pandit Bhanji; 31 December 1943) is an English actor.

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Bengal

Bengal (বাংলা /baŋla/ or বঙ্গ Bônggo /bɔŋɡo/) is a geographical and ethno-linguistic region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia, at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and dominated by the fertile Ganges delta.

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Benigno Aquino, Jr.

Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. (November 27, 1932 – August 21, 1983) was a Filipino Senator (1967–1972) and a former Governor of Tarlac.

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Beretta

Fabbrica d'Armi Pietro Beretta (literally, "Pietro Beretta Arms Factory") is a privately-held Italian firearms manufacturing company operating in several countries.

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Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh (– 23 March 1931) or Shaheed Bhagat Singh was an Indian socialist considered to be an influential revolutionary of the Indian independence movement.

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Bhagavad Gita

The Bhagavad Gita (भगवद्गीता, in IAST,; lit. "Song of the Lord"), often referred to as simply the Gita, is a 700 Shlokas - Sanskrit verses, Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata.

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Bhavnagar

Bhavnagar is a city in the Bhavnagar district of the Saurashtra region of the Gujarat state of India.

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Bhavnagar State

Bhavnagar State was a princely state in Saurashtra during the British Raj.

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Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya

Dr Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya (November 24, 1880 – December 17, 1959) was born in Gundugolanu village, Krishna district (now part of West Godavari district) in Andhra Pradesh, was an Indian independence activist and political leader in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

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Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein (or;; Afrikaans and Dutch for "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain") is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals; the other two capitals are Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital.

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Bollywood

Bollywood is the sobriquet for the Hindi language film industry, based in Mumbai, India.

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Brahmacharya

Brahmacharya (Devanagari: ब्रह्मचर्य) literally means "going after Brahman (Supreme Reality, Self, God)".

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Brahmin

Brahmin is a varna in Vedic Hinduism and also a caste of people who are members of it.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.

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British Raj

The British Raj (rāj, meaning "rule" in Hindi) was the rule of Great Britain in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.

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Buddhism

Buddhism is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").

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C. Rajagopalachari

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (10 December 1878 – 25 December 1972), informally called Rajaji or C.R., was an Indian lawyer, independence activist, politician, writer and statesman.

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Caliphate

A caliphate (خِلافة khilāfa) is a form of Islamic government led by a caliph (خَليفة)—a person considered a political and religious successor to the prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire Muslim community.

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Call to the bar

The call to the bar is a legal term of art in most common law jurisdictions where persons must be qualified to be allowed to argue in court on behalf of another party, and are then said to have been "called to the bar" or to have received a "call to the bar".

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Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity

The Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity (formerly the International Advertising Festival) is a global event for those working in the creative communications, advertising and related fields.

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Cape Town

Cape Town (Kaapstad; Ikapa) ranks third among the most populous urban areas in South Africa, after Johannesburg, and has roughly the same population as the Durban Metropolitan Area.

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Cesar Chavez

Cesar Chavez (born César Estrada Chávez,; March 31, 1927April 23, 1993) was an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (later the United Farm Workers union, UFW).

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Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha

The first Satyagraha movements inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and occurred in Champaran district of Bihar and the Kheda district of Gujarat on 1917 and 1918 respectively.

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Charles Freer Andrews

Charles Freer Andrews (12 February 1871 – 5 April 1940) was a Church of England priest.

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Chastity

Chastity is sexual behavior of a man or woman that is acceptable to the moral standards and guidelines of their culture, civilization or religion.

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Chauri Chaura incident

Chauri Chaura Shahid Samarak The Chauri Chaura incident occurred at Chauri Chaura in the Gorakhpur district of the United Province, British India on 5 February 1922, when a large group of protesters participating in the Non-cooperation movement turned violent, leading to police opening fire.

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Chikmagalur

Chikkamagaluru (also known as Chikmagalur) is a town located in the Chikkamagaluru district in the Indian state of Karnataka.

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Child marriage

Child marriage is a formal marriage or informal union entered into by an individual before reaching the age of 18.

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Chittaranjan Das

Chittaranjan Das (C. R. Das) (চিত্তরঞ্জন দাশ Chittorônjon Dash) (popularly called Deshbandhu "Friend of the country") (5 November 1870 – 16 June 1925) was an Indian politician and Founder-leader of the Swaraj (Independence) Party in Bengal under British rule.

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Civil disobedience

Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.

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Civil Disobedience (Thoreau)

Resistance to Civil Government (Civil Disobedience) is an essay by American transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau that was first published in 1849.

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Colony of Natal

The Colony of Natal was a British colony in south-eastern Africa.

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Communal Award

The Communal Award was made by the British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald on 16 August 1932 granting separate electorates in British India for the Forward Caste, Lower Caste, Muslims, Buddhists, Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans and Untouchables (now known as the Dalits) etc.

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Community of the Ark

The Community of the Ark is a small spiritual commune in southern France that was founded in 1948 by Lanza del Vasto.

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Constitution of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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Dalit

Dalit, meaning "oppressed" in Hindi and Marathi, is the self-chosen political name of the castes in India who were formerly considered "untouchable" according to the Hindu varna system.

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Daridra Narayana

Daridra Narayana or Daridranarayana or Daridra Narayan is an axiom enunciated by the late-19th century Indian sage Swami Vivekananda, espousing that service to the poor is equivalent in importance and piety to service to God.

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Delhi

Delhi (Dilli), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi, is the Capital territory of India.

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Desmond Tutu

Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the 1980s as an opponent of apartheid.

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Devanagari

Devanagari (देवनागरी devanāgarī a compound of "deva" and "nāgarī"), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी),Kathleen Kuiper (2010), The Culture of India, New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-1615301492, page 83 is an abugida (alphasyllabary) alphabet of India and Nepal.

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Devdas Gandhi

Devdas Gandhi (22 May 1900 – 3 August 1957) was the fourth and youngest son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

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Dewan

The originally Persian title of dewan (also quite commonly known as Diwan; also spelled -van) has, at various points in Islamic history, designated a powerful government official, minister or ruler.

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Dhoti

The dhoti, also known as vetti, mundu,mundh, pancha or mardani, is a traditional men's garment, worn in the South Asia mainly by Nepalese and Indian nationals.

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Direct Action Day

Direct Action Day (প্রত্যক্ষ সংগ্রাম দিবস) (16 August 1946), also known as the Great Calcutta Killings, was a day of widespread riot and manslaughter between Hindus and Muslims in the city of Calcutta (now known as Kolkata) in the Bengal province of British India.

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Disfranchisement

Disfranchisement (also called disenfranchisement) is the revocation of the right of suffrage (the right to vote) of a person or group of people, or through practices, prevention of a person exercising the right to vote.

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Dominion

Dominions were semi-independent polities that were nominally under the Crown, constituting the British Empire and British Commonwealth, beginning in the later part of the 19th century.

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Dominion of India

The Dominion of India (भारत अधिराज्य, Bhārata Adhirājya) was a predecessor to modern-day India and an independent state that existed between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950.

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Dominion of Pakistan

Dominion of Pakistan (পাকিস্তান অধিরাজ্য, Pakistan ôdhirajyô; مملکتِ پاکستان, Mumlikāt-ē Pākistān), also usually called Pakistan; was an independent federal Dominion in South Asia that was established in 1947 on the Partition of India into two sovereign countries (the other being the Dominion of India).

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Durban

Durban (eThekwini, from itheku meaning "bay/lagoon") is the largest city in the South African province of KwaZulu–Natal.

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Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), known as Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and as Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s.

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Eknath Easwaran

Eknath Easwaran (December 17, 1910 – October 26, 1999) was a spiritual teacher, an author of books on meditation and ways to lead a fulfilling life, as well as a translator and interpreter of Indian literature.

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Fad

A fad or trend is any form of behavior that develops among a large population and is collectively followed enthusiastically for a period of time, generally as a result of the behavior being perceived as popular by one's peers or being deemed "cool" by social or other media.

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Fasting

Fasting is primarily an act of willing abstinence or reduction from certain or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time.

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Father of the Nation

Father of the Nation is an honorific title given to a man considered the driving force behind the establishment of his country, state, or nation.

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Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford

Frederic John Napier Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, (12 August 1868 – 1 April 1933) was a British statesman who served as Governor of Queensland from 1905 to 1909, Governor of New South Wales from 1909 to 1913, and Viceroy of India from 1916 to 1921, where he was responsible for the creation of the Montagu-Chelmsford reforms.

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Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon

Major Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon PC (12 September 1866 – 12 August 1941) was a British Liberal politician and administrator who served as Governor General of Canada, the 13th since Canadian Confederation, and as Viceroy and Governor-General of India, the country's 22nd.

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Fruitarianism

Fruitarianism is a diet that consists entirely or primarily fruits in the botanical sense, and possibly nuts and seeds, without animal products.

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Gandhi (film)

Gandhi is a 1982 epic biographical film which dramatises the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the leader of India's non-violent, non-cooperative independence movement against the United Kingdom's rule of the country during the 20th century.

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Gandhi cap

The Gandhi cap (गांधी टोपी) is a white coloured sidecap, pointed in front and back and having a wide band.

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Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival celebrated in India to mark the occasion of the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the "Father of the Nation".

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Gandhi Market

Gandhi Market (காந்தி மார்க்கெட்) officially called as Mahatma Gandhi Market, is a wholesale farmers' market in the city of Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu, India.

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Gandhi Peace Prize

The International Gandhi Peace Prize, named after Mahatma Gandhi, is awarded annually by the Government of India.

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Gandhi Smriti

Gandhi Smriti formerly known as Birla House or Birla Bhavan, is a museum dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi, situated on Tees January Road, formerly Albuquerque Road, in New Delhi, India.

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Gandhi Teerth

‘Gandhi Teerth’ is a research institution and museum on Mahatma Gandhi, in Jalgaon, Maharashtra, India.

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Gandhi the Man

Gandhi the Man is a biography of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi written by Eknath Easwaran.

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Gandhi, My Father

Gandhi, My Father is a 2007 Indian biographical drama film by Feroz Abbas Khan (not to be confused with actor Feroz Khan).

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Gandhian economics

Gandhian economics is a school of economic thought based on the spiritual and socio-economic principles expounded by Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi.

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Gandhi–Irwin Pact

The Gandhi–Irwin Pact was a political agreement signed by Mahatma Gandhi and the then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin on 5 March 1931 before the second Round Table Conference in London.

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Gandhinagar

Gandhinagar is the capital of the state of Gujarat in Western India.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), who used the pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic.

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Girgaum Chowpatty

Girgaon Chaupati (Marathi:गिरगाव चौपाटी), commonly known as Chaupati (pronounced chow-patty), is one of the best known public beaches adjoining Marine Drive in the Girgaon area of Mumbai, India.

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Google

Google Inc. is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products.

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Google Doodle

A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepage that is intended to celebrate holidays, events, achievements and people.

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Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Gopal Krishna Gokhale CIE (9 May 1866 – 19 February 1915) was one of the social and political leaders during the Indian Independence Movement against the British Empire in India.

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Government of India

The Government of India (GoI), officially known as the Union Government and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India.

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Gowalia Tank

Gowalia Tank Maidan (now also known as August Kranti Maidan) is a park in central Mumbai where Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India speech on 8 August 1942 decreeing that the British must leave India immediately or else mass agitations would take place.

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Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle with India

Great Soul: Mahatma Gandhi and His Struggle With India is a 2011 biography of Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi written by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Joseph Lelyveld and published by Alfred A Knopf.

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Gujarat

Gujarat is a state in the western part of India.

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Gujarati language

Gujarati (ગુજરાતી) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Gujarati people

Gujarati people or Gujaratis are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group of India that is traditionally Gujarati-speaking.

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Harijan

Harijan (Hindustani: हरिजन (Devanagari), ہریجن (Nastaleeq); translation: "Child of Hari/Vishnu") is a term popularized by Indian revolutionary leader Mahatma Gandhi for referring to Dalits, traditionally considered to be Untouchable.

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Harilal Gandhi

Harilal Mohandas Gandhi (Devanagari: हरीलाल गांधी), (1888 – 18 June 1948) was the eldest son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

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Harishchandra

Harishchandra, in Hindu religious texts is the 36th king of the Solar Dynasty, Surya Maharishi Gothram (See: Vivasvan).

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Henry David Thoreau

Henry David Thoreau (see name pronunciation; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, and historian.

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Henry Stephens Salt

Henry Stephens Salt (20 September 1851 – 19 April 1939) was an English writer and campaigner for social reform in the fields of prisons, schools, economic institutions, and the treatment of animals.

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Hermann Kallenbach

Hermann Kallenbach (1 March 1871 – 25 March 1945) was a Lithuanian born Jewish South African architect who was one of the foremost friends and associates of Mahatma Gandhi.

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Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule

Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule is a book written by Mohandas K. Gandhi in 1909.

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Hindi

Hindi (हिन्दी hindī), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (मानक हिन्दी mānak hindī), is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language.

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Hindu

Hindu has historically referred to geographical, religious or cultural identifier for people indigenous to the Indian subcontinent.

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Hindu nationalism

Hindu nationalism has been collectively referred to as the expressions of social and political thought, based on the native spiritual and cultural traditions of historical Indian subcontinent.

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Hinduism

Hinduism is the dominant religion, or way of life, in South Asia, most notably in India and Nepal.

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Honorific

An honorific title is a word or expression with connotations conveying esteem or respect when used in addressing or referring to a person.

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Houston

Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the American South, and the fourth most populous city in the United States.

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Hunger strike

A hunger strike is a method of non-violent resistance or pressure in which participants fast as an act of political protest, or to provoke feelings of guilt in others, usually with the objective to achieve a specific goal, such as a policy change.

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Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (English IPA: ɦusæŋ ʃɑid sɦuɾɑwɑɾdɪə; হোসেন শহীদ সোহ্‌রাওয়ার্দী; حسین شہید سہروردی; 8 September 18925 December 1963) was a Bengali politician and statesman in the first half of the 20th-century.

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I Have a Dream

"I Have a Dream" is a public speech delivered by American civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. on August 28, 1963, in which he calls for an end to racism in the United States.

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I.B. Tauris

I.B. Tauris (usually typeset as I.B.Tauris) is an independent publishing house with offices in London and New York.

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Independence Day (India)

Independence Day, observed annually on 15 August, is a National Holiday in India commemorating the nation's independence from the British Empire on 15 August 1947.

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India After Gandhi

India after Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy is a book by Indian historian Ramachandra Guha, published by HarperCollins in August 2007.

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India House, London

The High Commission of India in London is the diplomatic mission of India in the United Kingdom.

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Indian independence movement

The term Indian Independence Movement encompasses activities and ideas aiming to end first East India Company rule (1757–1858), then the British Raj (1858–1947).

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Indian National Congress

The Indian National Congress (INC, often called the Congress), is one of two major political parties in India; the other being the Bharatiya Janata Party.

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Indian Opinion

The Indian Opinion was a newspaper established by Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.

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Indian Parliament

The Indian Parliament (Devnagari:भारतीय संसद) (Bhāratīya Sansada) is the supreme legislative body in India.

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Indian Rebellion of 1857

The Indian Rebellion of 1857 refers to a rebellion in India against the rule of the East India Company, that ran from May 1857 to June 1858.

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Indian South Africans

Indian South Africans are South Africans of Indian descent.

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Inner Temple

The Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.

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International Day of Non-Violence

The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.

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Jainism

Jainism, traditionally known as the Jina śāsana or Jain dharma, is one of the oldest Indian religions and belongs to the śramaṇa tradition.

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Jallianwala Bagh massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when a crowd of nonviolent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army under the command of General Reginald Dyer.

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James Bevel

James Luther Bevel (October 19, 1936 – December 19, 2008) was a leader of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement who, as the Director of Direct Action and Director of Nonviolent Education of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), initiated, strategized, directed, and developed SCLC's three major successes of the era: the 1963 Birmingham Children's Crusade, the 1965 Selma Voting Rights Movement, and the 1966 Chicago Open Housing Movement.

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James Lawson (American activist)

James Morris Lawson, Jr. (born September 22, 1928) is an American activist and university professor.

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Jan Smuts

Jan Christiaan Smuts OM CH DTD ED KC FRS PC (24 May 1870 – 11 September 1950) was a prominent South African and British Commonwealth statesman, military leader and philosopher.

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Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence.

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Jens Arup Seip

Jens Lauritz Arup Seip (11 October 1905 – 5 September 1992) was a Norwegian historian originally trained as a medieval historian, but stood out as the strongest of his time in interpreting Norwegian political history in the 1800s, particularly known for having created the term "embedsmannsstaten".

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Jews

The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

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Jinja, Uganda

Jinja is a town in Uganda, the third-largest economy in the East African Community.

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Johannesburg

Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Jo'burg, eGoli, and Joeys, and abbreviated as JHB) is the largest city in South Africa.

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John Lennon

John Winston Ono Lennon (born John Winston Lennon; 9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was an English singer and songwriter who rose to worldwide fame as a co-founder of the band the Beatles, the most commercially successful band in the history of popular music.

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John Maffey, 1st Baron Rugby

John Loader Maffey, 1st Baron Rugby, GCMG, KCB, KCVO, CSI, CIE (1 July 1877 – 20 April 1969) was a British civil servant and diplomat: he was a key figure in Anglo-Irish relations during the Second World War.

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John Ruskin

John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, also an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.

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Joseph Chamberlain

Joseph Chamberlain (8 July 1836 – 2 July 1914) was a British politician and statesman, who was first a radical Liberal then a leading imperialist.

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Joseph Lelyveld

Joseph Lelyveld (born April 5, 1937) was executive editor of the New York Times from 1994 to 2001, and interim executive editor in 2003 after the resignation of Howell Raines.

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Journal of the American Academy of Religion

The Journal of the American Academy of Religion, formerly the Journal of Bible and Religion, is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Academy of Religion.

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Junagadh State

Junagadh was a princely state in Gujarat ruled by Muslim rulers in British India till its integration into the Indian Union in 1948.

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Jurisprudence

The word jurisprudence is derived from a latin maxim as referred 'jurisprudentia' but owes its origin to Rome.

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Justice

Justice, in its broadest context, includes both the attainment of that which is just and the philosophical discussion of that which is just.

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Kanyakumari

Kanyakumari (கன்னியாகுமரி); also known as Kanniyakumari), formerly known as Cape Comorin, is a town in Kanyakumari District in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The name comes from the temple, Devi Kanya Kumari Temple in the region. It is the southernmost tip of peninsular India. Kanya kumari town is the southern tip of the Cardamom Hills, an extension of the Western Ghats range. The nearest town is Nagercoil, the administrative headquarters of Kanyakumari District, away. Kanyakumari was a town since Sangam period and is a popular tourist destination.

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Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi

Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822-1885) also known as Kaba Gandhi was a political figure in Porbandar.

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Karnataka

Karnataka is a state in south western region of India.

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Kasturba Gandhi

Kasturba Mohandas Gandhi (born Kastur Kapadia; 11 April 1869 – 22 February 1944) was the wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

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Kathiawar

Kathiawar (કાઠીયાવાડ; also written Kathiawad or Kattywar) is a peninsula in western India and part of the Saurashtra region.

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Kathiawar Agency

The Kathiawar Agency, on the Kathiawar peninsula in the western part of the Indian subcontinent, was a political unit of some 200 small princely states under the suzerainty of the Bombay Presidency of British India.

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Khadi

Khadi (IAST) or Khaddar is a term for handspun and hand-woven cloth from India, Bangladesh and Pakistan primarily made out of cotton.

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Khaksars

The Khaksar movement (تحریکِ خاکسار) was a social movement based in Lahore, British India, established by Allama Mashriqi in 1931 to free India from the rule of the British Empire and establish a Hindu-Muslim government in India.

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Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Khān Abdul Ghaffār Khān (6 February 1890 – 20 January 1988) (خان عبدالغفار خان), nicknamed as Bāchā Khān (Pashto: باچا خان, lit. "king of chiefs") or Pāchā Khān (پاچا خان), was a Pashtun independence activist against the rule of the British Raj.

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Kheda

Kheda is a town and a municipality in Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Khilafat Movement

The Khilafat movement (1919-1926) was a pan-Islamic, political protest campaign launched by Muslims in British India to influence the British government.

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Kuruvilla Pandikattu

Reverend Kuruvilla Pandikattu, born 28 November 1957, is an Indian Jesuit Priest and Professor of Philosophy, Science and Religion at Jnana-Deepa Vidyapeeth: Institute of Philosophy and Religion, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

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KwaZulu–Natal

KwaZulu–Natal (also referred to as KZN or Natal and known as "the garden province") is a province of South Africa that was created in 1994 when the Zulu bantustan of KwaZulu ("Place of the Zulu" in Zulu) and Natal Province were merged.

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Lacto vegetarianism

A lacto vegetarian (sometimes referred to as a lactarian; from the Latin root lact-, milk) diet is a vegetarian diet that includes dairy products such as milk, cheese, yogurt, butter, ghee, cream, and kefir, but excludes eggs.

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Lage Raho Munna Bhai

Lage Raho Munna Bhai (meaning "Carry On, Munna Bhai") is a 2006 Indian comedy film directed by Rajkumar Hirani and produced by Vidhu Vinod Chopra.

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Lahore

Lahore (ALA-LC:; لہور, لاہور ALA-LC) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, the second largest metropolitan area in the country and 16th most populous city in the world.

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Lanza del Vasto

Lanza del Vasto (born Giuseppe Giovanni Luigi Maria Enrico Lanza di Trabia-Branciforte; 29 September 1901 – 5 January 1981) was a philosopher, poet, artist, catholic and nonviolent activist.

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Lech Wałęsa

Lech Wałęsa (or;; born 29 September 1943) is a Polish politician, trade-union organizer, philanthropist and human-rights activist.

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Leo Tolstoy

Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й,; –), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist regarded as one of the greatest of all time.

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List of civil rights leaders

Civil rights leaders are influential figures in the promotion and implementation of political freedom and the expansion of personal civil liberties and rights.

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List of fasts undertaken by Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or The Father of the Nation in India, undertook 17 fasts during India's freedom movement.

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List of peace activists

This list of peace activists includes people who have proactively advocated diplomatic, philosophical, and non-military resolution of major territorial or ideological disputes through nonviolent means and methods.

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List of roads named after Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Road which is also used in its abbreviated form as M. G. Road, named after Mahatma Gandhi.

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Louis Fischer

Louis Fischer (29 February 1896 – 15 January 1970) was a Jewish-American journalist.

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Lucknow

Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

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Madurai

Madurai is a major city in the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India.

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Mahadev Desai

Mahadev Desai (1 January 1892 – 15 August 1942) was an Indian independence activist and writer best remembered as Mahatma Gandhi's personal secretary.

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Mahatma Gandhi District, Houston

The Mahatma Gandhi District is an ethnic enclave in Houston, Texas, United States, named after Mahatma Gandhi, consisting predominantly of Indian and Pakistani restaurants and shops and having a large Indian/Pakistani population.

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Mahatma Gandhi Series (banknotes)

The Mahatma Gandhi Series of banknotes are issued by the Reserve Bank of India as the legal tender of Indian rupee.

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Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948

Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948 is a 1968 documentary biography film, detailing the life of Mahatma Gandhi.

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Mahātmā

Mahatma (Mə-HÄT-mə) is Sanskrit for "Great Soul" (महात्मा mahātmā: महा mahā (great) + आत्मं or आत्मन ātman). It is similar in usage to the modern Christian term saint.

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Main Street

Main Street is a generic phrase used to denote a primary retail street of a village, town or small city in many parts of the world.

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Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara

Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara (translated as I Did Not Kill Gandhi) is a 2005 Indian film, directed by Jahnu Barua and produced by Anupam Kher.

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Malaria

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganism) belonging to the genus Plasmodium.

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Manilal Gandhi

Manilal Mohandas Gandhi (28 October 1892 – 5 April 1956) was the second son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi.

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Maria Lacerda de Moura

Maria Lacerda de Moura (16 May 1887 – 20 March 1945) was a Brazilian anarcha-feminist, individualist anarchist, teacher, journalist, and writer.

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Martin Buber

Martin Buber (מרטין בובר, Martin Buber, מארטין בובער; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.

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Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968), was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.

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Martyrs' Day (India)

In India, there are several days declared as Martyrs' Day (at national level also known as Sarvodaya day) it is named in the honour those who recognised as martyrs for the nation.

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Matriculation

Matriculation is the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by fulfilling certain academic requirements such as a matriculation examination.

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Me Nathuram Godse Boltoy

Me Nathuram Godse Boltoy (translation: "This Is Nathuram Godse Speaking") is a two-act play written in the Marathi language.

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Meher Baba

Meher Baba (25 February 1894 – 31 January 1969), born Merwan Sheriar Irani, was an Indian spiritual master who said he was the Avatar, God in human form.

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Messiah

A messiah (literally, "anointed one")http://etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame.

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Ministry of Home Affairs (India)

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) or Home Ministry is a ministry of the Government of India.

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Mint (newspaper)

Mint is India's second largest business newspaper published by HT Media Ltd, the Delhi-based media group which also publishes the Hindustan Times.

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Mirabehn

Madeleine Slade (Mirabehn) (22 November 1892 – 20 July 1982), daughter of the British Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade, was a British woman who left her home in Britain to live and work with Mohandas Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement.

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Modh

Modh communities are communities that have become prosperous, appending the adjective to signify this.

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Motilal Nehru

Motilal Nehru (6 May 1861 – 6 February 1931) was an Indian lawyer, an activist of the Indian National Movement and an important leader of the Indian National Congress, who also served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929.

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Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, મુહમ્મદ અલી જિન્ના, محمد علی جناح (born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.

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Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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Nadiad

Nadiad is a city and an administrative centre of the Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

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Natal Indian Congress

The Natal Indian Congress was an organization that aimed to fight discrimination against Indians in South Africa.

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Nathuram Godse

Nathuram Vinayak Godse (19 May 1910 – 15 November 1949) was a militant Hindu nationalist activist from India, who is known for the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.

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National Archives of India

The National Archives of India (NAI) is a repository of the non-current records of the Government of India and holds them in trust for the use of administrators and scholars.

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Navajivan Trust

Navajivan Trust is a publishing house based out of Ahmedabad, India.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany or the Third Reich (Drittes Reich) are common English names for the period of history in Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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NDTV

New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian commercial broadcasting television network founded in 1988 by husband and wife Prannoy Roy and Radhika Roy.

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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, politician, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

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Nile

The Nile (النيل, Eg. en-Nīl, Std. an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Iteru) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, generally regarded as the longest river in the world.

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Nobel Peace Prize

The Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.

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Nonresistance

Nonresistance (or non-resistance) is generally defined as "the practice or principle of not resisting authority, even when it is unjustly exercised".

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Nonviolence

Nonviolence (from Sanskrit ahimṣā, non-violence, "lack of desire to harm or kill") is the personal practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition.

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Nonviolent resistance

Nonviolent resistance (NVR or nonviolent action) is the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, without using violence.

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Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom

The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals' personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories.

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Ottoman Caliphate

The Ottoman Caliphate, under the Ottoman dynasty of the Ottoman Empire, was the last Sunni Islamic caliphate of the late medieval and the early modern era.

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Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire (دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i Aliyye-i Osmâniyye, Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti) which is also known as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was an empire founded in 1299 by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia.

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Oxford University Press

Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second-oldest, after Cambridge University Press.

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Pacifism

Pacifism is opposition to war and violence.

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Palwankar Baloo

Babaji Palwankar Baloo (19 March 1876 – 4 July 1955), commonly known as Palwankar Baloo, was an Indian cricketer.

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Partition (law)

A partition is a term used in the law of real property to describe an act, by a court order or otherwise, to divide up a concurrent estate into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants.

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Partition of India

The Partition of India was the partition of the British Indian Empire that led to the creation of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan (it later split into Pakistan and Bangladesh) and the Union of India (later Republic of India) on 15 August 1947.

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Philosophical anarchism

Philosophical anarchism is an anarchist school of thought which holds that the state lacks moral legitimacy while not supporting violence to eliminate it.

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Pietermaritzburg

Pietermaritzburg (Zulu: umGungundlovu) is the capital and second-largest city in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

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Plato

Plato (Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn "broad" in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher and mathematician in Classical Greece, and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.

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Pleurisy

Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura, the lining surrounding the lungs.

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Political Science Quarterly

Political Science Quarterly is an American double blind peer-reviewed academic journal covering government, politics, and policy, published since 1886 by the Academy of Political Science.

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Poona Pact

The Poona Pact refers to an agreement between Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi signed on 24 September 1932 at Yerwada Central Jail in Pune (now in Maharashtra), India.

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Porbandar

Porbandar is a coastal city in the Indian state of Gujarat, perhaps best known for being the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi and Sudama (friend of Lord Krishna).

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Pranami

Pranami is the name given to at least two spiritual traditions originating in the Indian region of Gujarat.

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Prejudice

Prejudice is prejudgment, or forming an opinion before becoming aware of the relevant facts of a case.

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Presidencies and provinces of British India

Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns were the administrative divisions of British governance in the subcontinent.

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President of South Africa

The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.

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Pretoria

Pretoria is a city in the northern part of Gauteng Province, South Africa.

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Prime Minister's Office (India)

The Prime Minister's Office (PMO) consists of the immediate staff of the Prime Minister of India, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the Prime Minister.

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Princely state

A princely state (also called native state (legally) or Indian state) was a nominally sovereign entity of India during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler under a form of indirect rule, subject to a subsidiary alliance and the suzerainty or paramountcy of the British Crown.

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Public holidays in India

India, being a culturally diverse and fervent society, celebrates various holidays and festivals.

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Pune

Pune is the ninth-most populous city in India and the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after the state capital city of Mumbai.

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Punjab Province (British India)

Punjab, also spelled Panjab, was a province of British India.

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Punjab region

The Punjab, also spelled Panjab, panj-āb, "five rivers" (Punjabi: (Shahmukhi), ਪੰਜਾਬ (Gurumukhi), Hindi: पंजाब (Devanagari)), is a geographical region in the Indian subcontinent or South Asia comprising vast areas of eastern Pakistan and northern India.

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Purdah

Purdah or pardah (from Persian: پرده, meaning "curtain") is a religious and social practice of female seclusion prevalent among some Muslim communities in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as upper-caste Hindus in Northern India, such as the Rajputs.

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Pyarelal Nayyar

Pyarelal Nayyar (1899-1982) was the personal secretary of Mahatma Gandhi in his later years.

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Quit India Movement

The Quit India Movement (भारत छोड़ो आन्दोलन), or the India August Movement (August Kranti), was a civil disobedience movement launched in India during World War II on 9 August 1942 by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

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Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore, also written Ravīndranātha Thākura (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), sobriquet Gurudev, was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Radio

Radio is the radiation (wireless transmission) of electromagnetic energy through space.

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Raj Ghat and associated memorials

Raj Ghat (Hindi: राज घाट) is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi.

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Rama

Rama (Sanskrit: राम Rāma) is the seventh avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, and a king of Ayodhya.

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Ramachandra Guha

Ramachandra Guha (born 29 April 1958, Dehra Dun) is an Indian historian and writer whose research interests include environmental, social, political and cricket history.

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Ramdas Gandhi

Ramdas Gandhi (1897 – April 14, 1969) was the third son of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

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Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition.

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Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh abbreviated as RSS (IPA:Rāṣṭrīya Svayansēvaka Saṅgha) (pronunciation:, lit. "National Volunteer Organisation" or National Patriotic Organisation) is a right-wing charitable, educational, volunteer, Hindu nationalist, non-governmental organisation.

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Religious pluralism

Religious pluralism is an attitude or policy regarding the diversity of religious belief systems co-existing in society.

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Reserve Bank of India

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI, Hindi:भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.

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Richard Attenborough

Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (29 August 192324 August 2014) was an English actor, film director, film producer, entrepreneur and politician.

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Right to Information Act

The Right to Information Act (RTI) is an Act of the Parliament of India "to provide for setting out the practical regime of right to information for citizens" and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002.

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Romain Rolland

Romain Rolland (29 January 1866 – 30 December 1944) was a French dramatist, novelist, essayist, art historian and mystic who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915 "as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings".

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Round Table Conferences (India)

The three Round Table Conferences of 1930–32 were a series of conferences organized by the British Government to discuss constitutional reforms in India.

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Sabarmati Ashram

Sabarmati Ashram (also known as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Sabarmati suburb of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, adjoining the Ashram Road, on the banks of the River Sabarmati, four miles from the town hall.

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Salt March

The Salt March, also known as the Dandi March and the Salt Satyagraha, was a march initiated by Mohandas Gandhi to illegally produce salt from seawater.

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Sambalpur

Sambalpur (also pronounced Samalpur) in the eastern state of Odisha in India, is the fourth largest city by population in Odisha and is the district headquarters of Sambalpur district.

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Sanskrit

Sanskrit (Sanskrit: or, originally, "refined speech") is the primary sacred language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Buddhism, Hinduism and Jainism, and a literary language that was in use as a lingua franca in Greater India.

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Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu (born as Sarojini Chattopadhyay) (সরোজিনী চট্টোপাধ্যায়.); also known by the sobriquet as The Nightingale of India, was an Indian independence activist and poet.

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Sati (practice)

Sati (Sanskrit:, also spelled suttee) is an obsolete Indian funeral custom where a widow immolated herself on her husband's pyre, or committed suicide in another fashion shortly after her husband's death.

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Satya

Satya is the Sanskrit word for truth.

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Satyagraha

Satyagraha (सत्याग्रह satyāgraha), loosely translated as "insistence on truth" (satya "truth"; agraha "insistence" or "holding firmly to") or holding onto truth or truth force, is a particular philosophy and practice within the broader overall category generally known as nonviolent resistance or civil resistance.

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School Day of Non-violence and Peace

The School Day of Non-violence and Peace (or DENIP, acronym from Catalan-Balearic: Dia Escolar de la No-violència i la Pau), is an observance founded by the Spanish poet Llorenç Vidal Vidal in Majorca in 1964 as a starting point and support for a pacifying and non-violent education of a permanent character.

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Second Boer War

The Second Boer War (Tweede Boerenoorlog, Tweede Vryheidsoorlog, literally "Second Freedom War") otherwise known as the Second Anglo-Boer War, was fought from 11 October 1899 until 31 May 1902 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic) and the Orange Free State.

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Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine

The Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine lies a few blocks from the Pacific Ocean, on Sunset Boulevard in Pacific Palisades, California.

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Shivaram Rajguru

Shivaram Hari Rajguru (24 August 1908 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary from Maharashtra, known mainly for his involvement in the murder of a British Raj police officer.

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Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Vadtal

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Vadtal (Devnagari: श्री स्वमिनरयन मन्दिर, वडताल) headquarters of the Shri LaxmiNarayan Dev Gadi are located in this temple in Vadtal.

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Sikh

A Sikh (ਸਿੱਖ) is a follower of Sikhism, a monotheistic dharma which originated during the 15th century in the Punjab region of South Asia.

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Singapore

Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the ''Lion City'', the ''Garden City'', and the ''Red Dot'', is a leading global city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Sion, Mumbai

Sion is the last locality within the City limits of Mumbai.

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Spinning wheel

A spinning wheel is a device for spinning thread or yarn from natural or synthetic fibres.

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SS Rajputana

The SS Rajputana was a British passenger and cargo carrying ocean liner.

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Stanley Wolpert

Stanley Wolpert (born December 23, 1927) is an American academic, Indologist, and author considered one of the world's foremost authorities2005 UCLA International Institute blog reporting on the publication of Wolpert's 2002 book, Gandhi's Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi http://www.international.ucla.edu/article.asp?parentid.

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Steve Biko

Stephen Bantu Biko (18 December 1946 – 12 September 1977) was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and 1970s.

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Subhas Chandra Bose

Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945), widely known throughout India as Netaji (Hindustani: "Respected Leader"), was an Indian nationalist and prominent figure of the Indian independence movement, whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Japan left a troubled legacy.

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Sukhdev Thapar

Sukhdev Thapar (15 May 1907-23 March 1931) was a revolutionary, born in Ludhiana, Punjab, British India.

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Sushila Nayyar

Sushila Nayyar, also spelled 'Nayar' (1914 – 2000), was the younger sister of Pyarelal Nayyar, personal secretary to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the Gandhis' personal physician.

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Swadeshi movement

The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by following the principles of swadeshi (self-sufficiency; svadēśī), which had some success.

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Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (Shāmi Bibekānondo; 12 January 1863 – 4 July 1902), born Narendra Nath Datta, was an Indian Hindu monk and chief disciple of the 19th-century saint Ramakrishna.

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Swaminarayan

Swaminarayan (IAST:, 3 April 1781 – 1 June 1830), also known as Sahajanand Swami, is the central figure in a modern sect of Hinduism known as the Swaminarayan Hinduism, a form of Vaishnavism.

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Swaminarayan Sampraday

Swaminarayan Sampraday (Devnagari: स्वामीनारायण सम्प्रदाय, Gujarati: સ્વામિનારાયણ સંપ્રદાય, IAST), known previously as the Uddhav Sampraday, is a Hindu sect propagated by Swaminarayan (or Sahajanand Swami) (2 April 1781 – 1 June 1830).

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Swaraj

Swaraj (स्वराज "self", raj "rule") can mean generally self-governance or "self-rule", and was used synonymous with "home-rule" by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati and later on by Mahatama Gandhi.

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Tamukkam Palace

The Tamukkam Palace is a palace located in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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Temperance (virtue)

Temperance is defined as moderation or voluntary self-restraint.

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The Daily Star (Bangladesh)

The Daily Star is the largest circulating daily English-language newspaper in Bangladesh.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British national daily newspaper.

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The Holocaust

The Holocaust (from the Greek ὁλόκαυστος holókaustos: hólos, "whole" and kaustós, "burnt"), also known as the Shoah (Hebrew: השואה, HaShoah, "the catastrophe"), was a genocide in which approximately six million Jews were killed by Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime and its collaborators.

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The Indian Express

The Indian Express is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.

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The Kingdom of God Is Within You

The Kingdom of God Is Within You (Царство Божие внутри вас) is a non-fiction book written by Leo Tolstoy.

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The Making of the Mahatma

The Making of the Mahatma (1996) is joint Indian - South African produced film, directed by Shyam Benegal, about the early life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (also known as Mahatma Gandhi, Great Soul) during his 21 years in South Africa.

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The New York Times

The New York Times (NYT) is an American daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in New York City since September 18, 1851, by the New York Times Company.

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The Story of My Experiments with Truth

The Story of My Experiments with Truth is the autobiography of Mohandas K. Gandhi, covering his life from early childhood through to 1921.

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The Telegraph (Calcutta)

The Telegraph is an Indian daily newspaper founded and continuously published in Kolkata (Calcutta) since 7 July 1982.

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The Times of India

The Times of India (TOI) is an Indian English-language daily newspaper.

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Theosophical Society

The Theosophical Society is an organization formed in 1875 to advance theosophy.

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Theosophy

Theosophy (from Greek θεοσοφία theosophia, which comes from the combination of words θεός theos, God + σοφία sophia, wisdom; literally "God's wisdom") refers to systems of esoteric philosophy concerning, or seeking direct knowledge of, presumed mysteries of being and nature, particularly concerning the nature of divinity.

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Time (magazine)

Time (styled within the magazine as TIME) is an American weekly news magazine published in New York City.

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Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century

Time 100: The Most Important People of the Century is a compilation of the 20th century's 100 most influential people, published in Time magazine in 1999.

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Time Person of the Year

Person of the Year (called Man of the Year until 1999) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, group, idea or object that "for better or for worse...has done the most to influence the events of the year".

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Transvaal Colony

The Transvaal Colony was the name used to refer to the Transvaal region during the period of direct British rule and military occupation between the end of the Anglo-Boer War in 1902 when the South African Republic was dissolved, and the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910.

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Triveni Sangam

In Hindu tradition Triveni Sangam is the "confluence" of three rivers.

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Truth

Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality,Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary,, 2005 or fidelity to an original or to a standard or ideal.

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Tushar Gandhi

Tushar Arun Gandhi (born 17 January 1960) is the son of journalist Arun Manilal Gandhi, grandson of Manilal Gandhi and great-grandson of Mahatma Gandhi.

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Udham Singh

Udham Singh (26 December 1899 – 31 July 1940) was an Indian revolutionary best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer on 13 March 1940 in what has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.

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United Nations General Assembly

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, GA, or, from the Assemblée Générale, "AG") is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.

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University College London

University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England and a constituent college of the federal University of London.

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Unto This Last

Unto This Last is an essay and book on economy by John Ruskin, first published in December 1860 in the monthly journal Cornhill Magazine in four articles.

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Untouchability

Untouchability is the practice of ostracising a group by segregating them from the mainstream by social custom or legal mandate.

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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh (literally "Northern Province"), abbreviated as UP, is a state located in Northern India.

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Vadtal

Vadtal is a small village in the Kheda district of Gujarat, India.

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Vaishnavism

Vaishnavism (Vaisnava dharma) is one of the major branches of Hinduism along with Shaivism, Smartism, Shaktism.

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Vaishya

Vaishya is one of the four varnas of the Hindu social order.

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Vallabhbhai Patel

Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950) was an Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India.

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Vegetarian Society

The Vegetarian Society is a British registered charity which was established on 30 September 1847 with the original objective "to induce habits of abstinence from the flesh of animals as food, by the dissemination of information upon the subject, by means of tracts, essays, and lectures, proving the many advantages of a physical, intellectual, and moral character resulting from vegetarian habits of diet; and efforts of its members, the adoption of a principle which will tend essentially to the increase of human happiness generally.".

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Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal

Verulam is a town 27 kilometres north of Durban in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and is now part of the eThekwini Metropolitan Area.

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Vinay Lal

Vinay Lal is Professor of History and Asian American Studies at UCLA.

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Vivisection

Vivisection is surgery conducted for experimental purposes on a living organism, typically animals with a central nervous system, to view living internal structure.

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Welcome Back Gandhi

Mudhalvar Mahatma (also known as Welcome Back Gandhi) is a 2014 film directed by A.Balakrishnan.

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Western India

Western India (पश्चिम भारत, પશ્ચિમ ભારત, पश्चिमी भारत) consists of the states of Goa, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra, along with the Union territory of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli of India.

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White South African

White South African is a term which refers to people from South Africa who are of European descent and who do not regard themselves, or are not regarded as, being part of another racial group (for example, as Coloured).

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William Mackintire Salter

William Mackintire Salter (1853–1931) was the author of several books on philosophy and a critical and enduring major classic on Nietzsche.

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Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, (30 November 1874 – 24 January 1965) was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.

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World War I

World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.

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Yerwada Central Jail

Yerwada Central Jail (also known as Yerawada Central Jail) is a noted high-security jail in Yerwada, Pune, in Maharashtra.

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Young India

Young India was a weekshed - a weekly paper or journal - in English published by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi from 1919 to 1932.

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Zionism

Zionism (צִיּוֹנוּת,, translit., after Zion) is a nationalist and political movement of Jews and Jewish culture that supports the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (roughly corresponding to Palestine, Canaan or the Holy Land).

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Zulu Kingdom

The Zulu Kingdom, sometimes referred to as the Zulu Empire (or Zululand) is a monarchy in Southern Africa that extended along the coast of the Indian Ocean from the Tugela River in the south to Pongola River in the north.

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14th Dalai Lama

The 14th Dalai Lama /ˌdæl.aɪˈlɑː.mə/ (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso, born Lhamo Dondrub, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama and is the longest-lived incumbent.

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References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi

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