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Main battle tank

Index Main battle tank

A main battle tank (MBT), also known as a battle tank or universal tank, is a tank that fills the armor-protected direct fire and maneuver role of many modern armies. [1]

129 relations: Active electronically scanned array, Active protection system, Allotropes of phosphorus, Altay (tank), AMX Leclerc, AMX-40, Anti-tank missile, Anti-tank warfare, Arena (countermeasure), Armor (magazine), Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot, Armoured fighting vehicle, Armoured warfare, Asymmetric warfare, Attack aircraft, Attack helicopter, Autoloader, Beehive anti-personnel round, Blitzkrieg, Bore evacuator, British heavy tanks of World War I, Centurion (tank), Ceramic armor, Challenger 1, Challenger 2, Chassis, Chobham armour, Christie suspension, Cold War, Composite armour, Continuous track, Cromwell tank, Cruiser tank, Daily Mail, Direct fire, DShK, Economies of scale, Electric motor, Expeditionary warfare, Explosive material, Explosively formed penetrator, Fire-control system, Glacis, Gulf War, Gun mantlet, Gun turret, Heavy tank, High-explosive anti-tank warhead, High-explosive squash head, Improvised explosive device, ..., Indirect fire, Infantry, Infantry fighting vehicle, Infantry tank, Intake, Internal security, Iraq War, Israel, Kinetic energy penetrator, Kontakt-5, Leopard 2, Light tank, List of main battle tanks by country, List of main battle tanks by generation, List of U.S. military vehicles by model number, M1 Abrams, M2 Browning, M26 Pershing, M4 Sherman, M60 Patton, Maybach HL230, MBT-70, Medium tank, Merkava, Nakidka, Nuclear explosion, Nuclear warfare, OF-40, Ordnance QF 20-pounder, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Panther tank, Panzer IV, Periscope, Powerpack (drivetrain), Rangefinder, Reactive armour, Remote weapon station, Renault FT, Rocket-propelled grenade, Rolled homogeneous armour, Rolls-Royce Meteor, Royal Ordnance L7, RPG-29, Second Battle of Fallujah, Shaped charge, Shell (projectile), Shtora, Sloped armour, Sprocket, Stealth ground vehicle, Super-heavy tank, Surveillance aircraft, T-14 Armata, T-34, T-44, T-54/T-55, T-64, T-72, T-80, T-84, T-90, Tank, Tank gun, Tank transporter, Tankette, Tanks in the Cold War, Tanks of the interwar period, Tanks of the post–Cold War era, The Sunday Telegraph, Trade barrier, Trench warfare, United States Army, Vehicle armour, Vietnam War, Weapon mount, World War I, World War II, 2003 invasion of Iraq, 7.5 cm KwK 42. Expand index (79 more) »

Active electronically scanned array

An active electronically scanned array (AESA), is a type of phased array antenna, that is a computer-controlled array antenna in which the beam of radio waves can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antenna.

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Active protection system

An active protection system is a system (usually for a military application) designed to prevent line-of-sight guided anti-tank missiles/projectiles from acquiring and/or destroying a target.

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Allotropes of phosphorus

Elemental phosphorus can exist in several allotropes, the most common of which are white and red solids.

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Altay (tank)

The Altay is a modern main battle tank, based on the South Korean K2 Black Panther tank, developed by Otokar, a subsidiary of Koç Holding, for the Turkish Army and export markets.

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AMX Leclerc

The Char Leclerc is a main battle tank (MBT) built by GIAT, now Nexter of France.

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AMX-40

The AMX-40 was a French prototype main battle tank.

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Anti-tank missile

An anti-tank missile (ATM), anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon, is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.

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Anti-tank warfare

Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.

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Arena (countermeasure)

Arena (Арена) is an active protection system (APS) developed at Russia's Kolomna-based Engineering Design Bureau for the purpose of protecting armoured fighting vehicles from destruction by light anti-tank weapons, anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM), and missiles with top attack warheads.

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Armor (magazine)

ARMOR is the professional journal of the U.S. Army’s Armor Branch, published by the Chief of Armor at Fort Benning, Georgia, training center for the Army’s tank and cavalry forces (United States Army Armor School).

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Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot

Armour-piercing fin-stabilized discarding sabot (APFSDS) is a type of kinetic energy penetrator ammunition used to attack modern vehicle armour.

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Armoured fighting vehicle

An armoured fighting vehicle (AFV) is an armed combat vehicle protected by armour, generally combining operational mobility with offensive and defensive capabilities.

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Armoured warfare

Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.

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Asymmetric warfare

Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.

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Attack aircraft

An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.

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Attack helicopter

An attack helicopter is an armed helicopter with the primary role of an attack aircraft, with the capability of engaging targets on the ground, such as enemy infantry and armored fighting vehicles.

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Autoloader

In armored warfare, an autoloader or auto-loader is a mechanical aid or replacement for the personnel that load ordnance into crew-served weapons, such as tanks and artillery.

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Beehive anti-personnel round

Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict and known as flechette rounds as well as by their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T).

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Blitzkrieg

Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.

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Bore evacuator

A bore evacuator or fume extractor is a device which removes lingering gases and airborne residues from the barrel of an armored fighting vehicle's gun after firing, particularly in tanks and self-propelled guns.

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British heavy tanks of World War I

British heavy tanks were a series of related armoured fighting vehicles developed by the UK during the First World War.

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Centurion (tank)

The Centurion was the primary British main battle tank of the post-Second World War period.

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Ceramic armor

Ceramic armor is armor used by armored vehicles and in personal armor for its attenuative properties.

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Challenger 1

The FV4030/4 Challenger 1 is a British main battle tank (MBT) used by the British Army from 1983 to the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the Challenger 2.

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Challenger 2

The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.

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Chassis

A chassis (plural chassis) is the internal framework of an artificial object, which supports the object in its construction and use.

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Chobham armour

Chobham armour is the informal name of a composite armour developed in the 1960s at the British tank research centre on Chobham Common, Surrey.

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Christie suspension

The Christie suspension is a suspension system developed by American engineer J. Walter Christie for his tank designs.

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Cold War

The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).

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Composite armour

Composite armour is a type of vehicle armour consisting of layers of different material such as metals, plastics, ceramics or air.

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Continuous track

Continuous track, also called tank tread or caterpillar track, is a system of vehicle propulsion in which a continuous band of treads or track plates is driven by two or more wheels.

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Cromwell tank

The Cromwell tank, officially Tank, Cruiser, Mk VIII, Cromwell (A27M), was one of the series of cruiser tanks fielded by Britain in the Second World War.

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Cruiser tank

The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank concept of the interwar period for tanks designed to function as modernised armoured and mechanised cavalry.

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Daily Mail

The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.

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Direct fire

Direct fire refers to the launching of a projectile directly at a target within the line-of-sight of the firer.

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DShK

The DShK 1938 (ДШК, for Дегтярёва-Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, "Degtyaryov-Shpagin Large-Calibre") is a Soviet heavy machine gun firing the 12.7×108mm cartridge.

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Economies of scale

In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.

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Electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

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Expeditionary warfare

Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.

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Explosive material

An explosive material, also called an explosive, is a reactive substance that contains a great amount of potential energy that can produce an explosion if released suddenly, usually accompanied by the production of light, heat, sound, and pressure.

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Explosively formed penetrator

An explosively formed penetrator (EFP), also known as an explosively formed projectile, a self-forging warhead, or a self-forging fragment, is a special type of shaped charge designed to penetrate armor effectively.

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Fire-control system

A fire-control system is a number of components working together, usually a gun data computer, a director, and radar, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target.

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Glacis

A glacis in military engineering is an artificial slope as part of a medieval castle or in early modern fortresses.

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Gulf War

The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

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Gun mantlet

A gun mantlet is an armour plate or shield attached to an armoured fighting vehicle's gun, protecting the opening through which the weapon's barrel projects from the hull or turret armour and, in many cases, ensuring the vulnerable warhead of a loaded shell does not protrude past the vehicle's armour.

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Gun turret

A gun turret is a location from which weapons can be fired that affords protection, visibility, and some cone of fire.

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Heavy tank

A heavy tank was a class of tank that generally provided better armour protection as well as equal or greater firepower than tanks of lighter classes, often at the cost of mobility and manoeuvrability and, particularly, expense.

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High-explosive anti-tank warhead

A high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead is a type of shaped charge explosive that uses the Munroe effect to penetrate thick tank armor.

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High-explosive squash head

High-explosive squash head (HESH) is a type of explosive ammunition that is effective against tank armour and is also useful against buildings.

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Improvised explosive device

An improvised explosive device (IED) is a bomb constructed and deployed in ways other than in conventional military action.

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Indirect fire

Indirect fire is aiming and firing a projectile without relying on a direct line of sight between the gun and its target, as in the case of direct fire.

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Infantry

Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

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Infantry fighting vehicle

An infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), also known as a mechanized infantry combat vehicle (MICV), is a type of armoured fighting vehicle used to carry infantry into battle and provide direct-fire support.

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Infantry tank

The infantry tank was a concept developed by the United Kingdom and France in the years leading up to World War II.

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Intake

An intake or (for aircraft) inlet is an opening on a car or aircraft body capturing air for operation of an internal combustion engine.

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Internal security

Internal security, or IS, is the act of keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories.

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Iraq War

The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.

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Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.

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Kinetic energy penetrator

A kinetic energy penetrator (KEP, KE weapon, long-rod penetrator or LRP) is a type of ammunition designed to penetrate vehicle armour.

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Kontakt-5

Kontakt-5 is a type of second-generation explosive reactive armour (ERA) originating in the Soviet Union.

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Leopard 2

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by Krauss-Maffei in the 1970s for the West German Army.

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Light tank

A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.

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List of main battle tanks by country

This is a list of main battle tanks, and other vehicles serving that role, in active military service with countries of the world.

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List of main battle tanks by generation

Main battle tanks are often classified as belonging to a particular generation, although the actual definition and membership in these generations is not clearly defined.

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List of U.S. military vehicles by model number

The following is a (partial) listing of vehicle model numbers or M-numbers assigned by the U.S. Army.

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M1 Abrams

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank named for General Creighton Abrams.

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M2 Browning

The M2 Machine Gun or Browning.50 Caliber Machine Gun is a heavy machine gun designed toward the end of World War I by John Browning.

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M26 Pershing

The M26 Pershing was a heavy tank/medium tank of the United States Army.

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M4 Sherman

The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.

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M60 Patton

The M60 Patton is a main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960.

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Maybach HL230

The Maybach HL230 was a water-cooled 60° 23 liter V12 gasoline engine designed by Maybach.

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MBT-70

The MBT-70 (German: KPz 70) was an American–West German joint project to develop a new main battle tank during the 1960s.

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Medium tank

Medium tank is a classification of tanks, particularly prevalent during World War II which represented a compromise between the mobility oriented light tanks and the protection and armour protection oriented heavy tanks.

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Merkava

The Merkava (מרכבה (IPA:, "chariot") is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces. The tank began development in 1970, and entered official service in 1978. Four main variants of the tank have been deployed. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War. The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name. Design criteria include rapid repair of battle damage, survivability, cost-effectiveness and off-road performance. Following the model of contemporary self-propelled howitzers, the turret assembly is located closer to the rear than in most main battle tanks. With the engine in front, this layout is intended to grant additional protection against a frontal attack, so as to absorb some of the force of incoming shells, especially for the personnel in the main hull, such as the driver. It also creates more space in the rear of the tank that allows increased storage capacity and a rear entrance to the main crew compartment allowing easy access under enemy fire. This allows the tank to be used as a platform for medical disembarkation, a forward command and control station, and an infantry fighting vehicle. The rear entrance's clamshell-style doors provide overhead protection when off- and on-loading cargo and personnel. It was reportedly decided shortly before the beginning of the 2006 Lebanon War that the Merkava line would be discontinued within four years. However, on November 7, 2006, Haaretz reported that an Israeli General staff assessment had ruled of the Merkava Mark IV that "if properly deployed, the tank can provide its crew with better protection than in the past", and deferred the decision on discontinuing the line. On August 16, 2013, Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Ya'alon announced the decision to resume production of the Merkava main battle tank for the IDF Armored Corps.

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Nakidka

Nakidka is a Russian radar-absorbent material (RAM) camouflage that "eliminates the use of precision-guided weapons" Nakidka reduces the infrared, thermal, and radar band signatures of an object.

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Nuclear explosion

A nuclear explosion is an explosion that occurs as a result of the rapid release of energy from a high-speed nuclear reaction.

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Nuclear warfare

Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy in which nuclear weaponry is used to inflict damage on the enemy.

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OF-40

The OF-40 is an Italian main battle tank developed as a joint venture between OTO Melara and Fiat, and intended primarily for export sales.

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Ordnance QF 20-pounder

The Ordnance QF 20 pounder (known as 20 pounder, 20 pdr or simply 20-pr) was a British 84 mm (3.307 inch) tank gun.

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Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the world's largest security-oriented intergovernmental organization.

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Panther tank

The Panther is a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to the war's end in 1945.

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Panzer IV

The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.

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Periscope

A periscope is an instrument for observation over, around or through an object, obstacle or condition that prevents direct line-of-sight observation from an observer's current position.

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Powerpack (drivetrain)

A powerpack or power pack is a part of a modular powertrain that contains some type of engine (most frequently an internal combustion engine but other types, including electric motors, are possible) and may also contain a transmission and various supporting components.

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Rangefinder

A rangefinder is a device that measures distance from the observer to a target, in a process called ranging.

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Reactive armour

Reactive armor is a type of vehicle armor that reacts in some way to the impact of a weapon to reduce the damage done to the vehicle being protected.

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Remote weapon station

A remote weapon station, also known as a remote weapon system, (RWS) is a remotely operated weaponized system often equipped with fire-control system for light and medium caliber weapons which can be installed on ground combat vehicle or sea and air-based combat platforms.

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Renault FT

The Renault FT (frequently referred to in post-World War I literature as the FT-17, FT17, or similar) was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history.

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Rocket-propelled grenade

A rocket-propelled grenade (often abbreviated RPG) is a shoulder-fired anti-tank weapon system that fires rockets equipped with an explosive warhead.

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Rolled homogeneous armour

Rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) is a type of armour made of a single steel composition hot-rolled to improve its material characteristics, as opposed to layered or cemented armour.

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Rolls-Royce Meteor

The Rolls-Royce Meteor and later the Rover Meteor was a British tank engine developed in the Second World War.

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Royal Ordnance L7

The Royal Ordnance L7 is the basic model of Britain's most successful tank gun.

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RPG-29

The RPG-29 "Vampir" is a Soviet Union reusable rocket-propelled grenade (RPG) launcher.

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Second Battle of Fallujah

The Second Battle of Fallujah—code-named Operation Al-Fajr (Arabic: الفجر "the dawn") and Operation Phantom Fury—was a joint American, Iraqi, and British offensive in November and December 2004, considered the highest point of conflict in Fallujah during the Iraq War.

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Shaped charge

A shaped charge is an explosive charge shaped to focus the effect of the explosive's energy.

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Shell (projectile)

A shell is a payload-carrying projectile that, as opposed to shot, contains an explosive or other filling, though modern usage sometimes includes large solid projectiles properly termed shot.

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Shtora

Shtora (Штора, "curtain") is an electro-optical active protection system or suite for tanks, designed to disrupt the laser designator and laser rangefinders of incoming anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs).

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Sloped armour

Sloped armour is armour that is neither in a vertical nor a horizontal position.

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Sprocket

A sprocket or sprocket-wheel is a profiled wheel with teeth, or cogs, that mesh with a chain, track or other perforated or indented material.

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Stealth ground vehicle

Ground vehicles using stealth technology have come to fruition at various times in history.

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Super-heavy tank

Super-heavy tank, also super heavy tank, is any tank that is notably beyond the standard of the class heavy tank in either size or weight.

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Surveillance aircraft

A surveillance aircraft is an aircraft used for surveillance—collecting information over time.

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T-14 Armata

The T-14 Armata (Т-14 «Армата»; industrial designation "Ob'yekt 148") is a next generation Russian main battle tank based on the Armata Universal Combat Platform.

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T-34

The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.

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T-44

The T-44 is a medium tank first produced near the end of World War II by the Soviet Union.

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T-54/T-55

The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of Soviet main battle tanks introduced in the years following the Second World War.

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T-64

The T-64 is a Soviet second-generation main battle tank introduced in the early 1960s.

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T-72

The T-72 is a Soviet second-generation main battle tank that entered production in 1971.

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T-80

The T-80 is a third-generation main battle tank (MBT) designed and manufactured in the Soviet Union.

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T-84

The T-84 is a Ukrainian main battle tank (MBT), a development of the Soviet T-80 main battle tank.

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T-90

The T-90 is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in 1993.

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Tank

A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.

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Tank gun

A tank gun is the main armament of a tank.

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Tank transporter

A tank transporter is a combination of a heavy tractor unit and mating semi-trailer, typically a Lowboy (trailer), used for transporting tanks.

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Tankette

A tankette is a tracked armoured fighting vehicle that resembles a small tank, roughly the size of a car.

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Tanks in the Cold War

During the Cold War (1945–1990), the two opposing forces in Europe were the Warsaw Pact countries on the one side, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) countries on the other side.

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Tanks of the interwar period

This article discusses tanks of the interwar period.

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Tanks of the post–Cold War era

The post–Cold War era is the period in world history from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 to the present.

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The Sunday Telegraph

The Sunday Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper, founded in February 1961, and is published by the Telegraph Media Group, a division of Press Holdings.

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Trade barrier

Trade barriers are government-induced restrictions on international trade.

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Trench warfare

Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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Vehicle armour

Military vehicles are commonly armoured (or armored; see spelling differences) to withstand the impact of shrapnel, bullets, missiles or shells, protecting the personnel inside from enemy fire.

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Vietnam War

The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.

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Weapon mount

A weapon mount is a weapon component used to affix an armament for stabilization.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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2003 invasion of Iraq

The 2003 invasion of Iraq was the first stage of the Iraq War (also called Operation Iraqi Freedom).

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7.5 cm KwK 42

The 7.5 cm KwK 42 L/70 (from 7.5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 42 L/70) was a 7.5 cm calibre German tank gun developed and built by Rheinmetall-Borsig AG in Unterlüß during the Second World War.

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Battle Tank, Battle tank, Battle tanks, Main Battle Tank, Main Battle Tank (MBT), Main Battle Tanks, Main battle Tank, Main battle tank history, Main battle tanks, Universal tank.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_battle_tank

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