192 relations: ABCD line, Admiral, Air force, Alistair Irwin, Allies of World War II, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, Amphibious warfare, Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Armoured warfare, Arthur Percival, Arthur Scarf, Attack on Pearl Harbor, August Deibel, Australia, Australian War Memorial, Axis powers, Battle of Gemas, Battle of Jitra, Battle of Kampar, Battle of Muar, Battle of Singapore, Battle of Slim River, Battle off Endau, Battlecruiser, Battleship, Batu Pahat District, Bicycle infantry, Bombing of Singapore (1941), Brewster F2A Buffalo, Brigadier, Bristol Blenheim, British Army, British Indian Army, British Malaya, British Raj, Bukit Bakri, Capital ship, Charles Groves Wright Anderson, Claire Lee Chennault, Close air support, Commonwealth of Nations, Consolidated PBY Catalina, David Murray-Lyon, Destroyer, Dutch East Indies, Dutch government-in-exile, Empire of Japan, Endau, Europe, Fairey Albacore, ..., Far East, Far East prisoners of war, Federated Malay States, Flying Tigers, Force Z, French Indochina, Gemas, General officer commanding, Genzan Air Group, Global Oriental, Gordon Bennett (general), Ground warfare, Hainan, Hawker Hurricane, Herbert Cecil Duncan, Ho Chi Minh City, III Corps (India), Imperial Guard (Japan), Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Army Air Service, Imperial Japanese Navy, Indian Independence League, Ivan Simson, Iwaichi Fujiwara, Jacob van Helsdingen, Japanese invasion of Malaya, Japanese invasion of Thailand, Japanese occupation of Malaya, Japanese order of battle during the Malayan Campaign, Java, Johor, Johor Bahru, Johor–Singapore Causeway, Kallang Airport, Kawasaki Ki-48, Kōkūtai, Kesatuan Melayu Muda, Kluang (town), Kota Bharu, Kuala Lumpur, Lanchester 6×4 armoured car, Lewis Heath, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Light bomber, Light tank, Light Tank Mk VI, Lionel Vivian Bond, Lockheed Hudson, Major general, Major-general (United Kingdom), Malay Peninsula, Malaya Command, Malayan Peoples' Anti-Japanese Army, Malaysia–Thailand border, Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car, Martin B-10, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Mersing, Merton Beckwith-Smith, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Mitsubishi G3M, Mitsubishi Ki-15, Mitsubishi Ki-21, Mitsubishi Ki-30, Mitsubishi Ki-46, Mitsubishi Ki-51, MS Awazisan Maru, Muar River, Nakajima Ki-27, Nakajima Ki-43, National Geographic (U.S. TV channel), Nicholas Rowe (actor), No. 1 Squadron RAAF, No. 100 Squadron RAF, No. 205 Squadron RAF, No. 21 Squadron RAAF, No. 232 Squadron RAF, No. 243 Squadron RAF, No. 27 Squadron RAF, No. 34 Squadron RAF, No. 36 Squadron RAF, No. 453 Squadron RAAF, No. 488 Squadron RNZAF, No. 60 Squadron RAF, No. 62 Squadron RAF, No. 8 Squadron RAAF, On the Psychology of Military Incompetence, Operation Krohcol, Operation Matador (1941), Pacific War, Parit Sulong, Parit Sulong Massacre, Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan, Pattani Province, Pattani, Thailand, Penang, Plaek Phibunsongkhram, QF 3.7-inch mountain howitzer, QF 4.5-inch howitzer, Renya Mutaguchi, Royal Engineers, Royal Malay Regiment, Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force, Royal Thai Armed Forces, Royal Thai Police, Second Sino-Japanese War, Si Rat Malai, Singapore, Singapore Naval Base, Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, Slim River, Songkhla, Southeast Asia, Straits of Johor, Takuma Nishimura, Takuro Matsui, Tank, Thailand, Tom Phillips (Royal Navy officer), Tomoyuki Yamashita, Torpedo bomber, Tropical rainforest, Twenty-Fifth Army (Japan), Type 89 I-Go medium tank, Type 95 Ha-Go light tank, Type 97 Chi-Ha medium tank, Type 97 Te-Ke tankette, United Kingdom, Universal Carrier, University of Hawaii Press, Vickers Vildebeest, Victoria Cross, William Dobbie, World War II, Yong Peng, 11th Infantry Division (India), 18th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 2-VLG-V (ML-KNIL), 53rd Brigade (United Kingdom), 5th Division (Imperial Japanese Army), 8th Division (Australia). Expand index (142 more) » « Shrink index
The was a Japanese name for a series of embargoes against Japan by foreign nations, including America, Britain, China, and the Dutch.
Admiral is one of the highest ranks in some navies, and in many navies is the highest rank.
An air force, also known in some countries as an aerospace force or air army, is in the broadest sense, the national military branch that primarily conducts aerial warfare.
Lieutenant General Sir Alistair Stuart Hastings Irwin, (born 27 August 1948) is a former Adjutant-General to the Forces in the United Kingdom and Commandant of Sandhurst.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, or ABDACOM, was a short-lived, supreme command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, in early 1942, during the Pacific War in World War II.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Field Marshal Archibald Percival Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, (5 May 1883 – 24 May 1950) was a senior officer of the British Army.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival, (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer.
Squadron Leader Arthur Stewart King Scarf VC (14 June 1913 – 9 December 1941) was a Royal Air Force pilot and an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
1st Lieutenant August Gerard Deibel (11 September 1915 – 12 June 1951) was a Dutch pilot of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Battle of Gemas—part of the wider Battle of Muar—took place during the Japanese invasion of Malaya in the Pacific Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of Jitra was fought between the invading Japanese and Allied forces during the Malayan Campaign of the Second World War, from 11–13 December 1941.
The Battle of Kampar (30 December 1941 – 2 January 1942) was an engagement of the Malayan Campaign during World War II, involving British and Indian troops from the 11th Indian Infantry Division and the Japanese 5th Division.
The Battle of Muar was the last major battle of the Malayan Campaign during the Second World War.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
The Battle of Slim River occurred during the Malayan campaign in January 1942 between the Imperial Japanese Army and the British Indian Army on the west coast of Malaya.
The Battle off Endau was a Second World War battle that took place off Endau on 26–27 January 1942.
The battlecruiser, or battle cruiser, was a type of capital ship of the first half of the 20th century.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
The Batu Pahat District is a district in the state of Johor, Malaysia.
Bicycle infantry are infantry soldiers who maneuver on (or, more often, between) battlefields using military bicycles.
The bombing of Singapore was an attack on 8 December 1941 by seventeen G3M ''Nell'' bombers of Mihoro Air Group (Mihoro Kaigun Kōkūtai), Imperial Japanese Navy, flying from Thu Dau Mot in southern Indochina.
The Brewster F2A Buffalo is an American fighter aircraft which saw service early in World War II.
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
The Bristol Blenheim is a British light bomber aircraft designed and built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company (Bristol) which was used extensively in the first two years and in some cases throughout the Second World War.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bakri or often Bukit Bakri is a town in Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.
The capital ships of a navy are its most important warships; they are generally the larger ships when compared to other warships in their respective fleet.
Charles Groves Wright Anderson, VC, MC (12 February 1897 – 11 November 1988) was a South African-born soldier, Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, a member of the Australian House of Representatives, and a farmer.
Claire Lee Chennault (September 6, 1890 – July 27, 1958) was an American military aviator best known for his leadership of the "Flying Tigers" and the Republic of China Air Force in World War II.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Consolidated PBY Catalina, also known as the Canso in Canadian service, is an American flying boat, and later an amphibious aircraft of the 1930s and 1940s produced by Consolidated Aircraft.
Major General David Murrey Murray-Lyon, (14 August 1890 – 4 February 1975) was an officer in the British Indian Army.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Dutch government in exile (Nederlandse regering in ballingschap), also known as the London Cabinet (Londens cabinet) was the government in exile of the Netherlands, headed by Queen Wilhelmina, that evacuated to London after the German invasion of the country during World War II on 10 May 1940.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
Endau is a small town in Mersing District, Johor, Malaysia.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
The Fairey Albacore was a British single-engine carrier-borne biplane torpedo bomber built by Fairey Aviation between 1939 and 1943 for the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm and used during the Second World War.
The Far East is a geographical term in English that usually refers to East Asia (including Northeast Asia), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia), and Southeast Asia.
Far East prisoners of war is a term used in the United Kingdom to describe former British and Commonwealth prisoners of war held in the Far East during the Second World War.
The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four protected states in the Malay Peninsula—Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang—established by the British government in 1895, which lasted until 1946, when they, together with two of the former Straits Settlements (Malacca and Penang) and the Unfederated Malay States, formed the Malayan Union.
The First American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, nicknamed the Flying Tigers, was composed of pilots from the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC), Navy (USN), and Marine Corps (USMC), recruited under presidential authority and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault.
Force Z was a British naval squadron during the Second World War, consisting of the battleship, the battlecruiser and accompanying destroyers.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
Gemas (Jawi: ڬيمس, Chinese: 金马士,, Tamil: கிமாஸ், Minangkabau: Gomeh) is a small town in Tampin District, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, near the Negeri Sembilan-Johor state border.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
was an aircraft and airbase garrison unit of the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second Sino-Japanese War and Pacific campaign of World War II.
Global Oriental is an imprint of the Dutch publishing house Brill.
Lieutenant General Henry Gordon Bennett (15 April 1887 – 1 August 1962) was a senior Australian Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat that take place predominantly on the battlespace land surface of the planet.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
Brigadier Herbert Cecil Duncan (19 August 1895 – 20 January 1942) was a British Indian Army officer who commanded the 45th Indian Infantry Brigade during the Battle of Malaya.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
The III Corps was a formation of the Indian Army during World War I formed in Mesopotamia.
The Japanese is an organization which is dedicated to protection of the Emperor of Japan and his family, palaces and other imperial properties.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The or, more literally, the Greater Japan Empire Army Air Corps, was the aviation force of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
The Indian Independence League (also known as IIL) was a political organisation operated from the 1920s to the 1940s to organise those living outside India into seeking the removal of British colonial rule over India.
Brigadier Ivan Simson OBE (1890–1971) was the Chief Engineer in Malaya from August 1941 until its surrender to the Japanese in 1942.
was an officer in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II, and later a lieutenant general in the post-war Japan Ground Self Defense Force.
Jacob Pieter van Helsdingen (7 March 1907 – 7 March 1942) was a pilot of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force.
The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Japanese invasion of Thailand occurred on 8 December 1941.
Malaya was gradually occupied by the Japanese between 8 December 1941 and the Allied surrender at Singapore on 16 February 1942.
The Japanese Imperial Army landed the 25th Army under the command of General Tomoyuki Yamashita on the east coasts of Malaya and Thailand on the night of 7 December 1941.
Java (Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese) is an island of Indonesia.
Johor or Johore is a Malaysian state, located in the southern portion of Peninsular Malaysia.
Johor Bahru, formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri, is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.
Kallang Airport, also known as Kallang Aerodrome, Kallang Airfield and RAF Kallang, opened on 12 June 1937 as Singapore's first purpose-built civil airport and was built together with an anchorage area for seaplanes along the airport's perimeter on the waterfront (on the Kallang River).
The Kawasaki Ki-48, 九九式双発軽爆撃機(shiki-souhatu-keibaku) shortened to 'Sokei', Army Type 99 Twin-engined Light Bomber, was a Japanese twin-engine light bomber that was used during World War II.
A Kōkūtai (航空隊) was a term used to designate a military aviation unit by the Imperial Japanese Navy, similar to the Air Groups in service in the other armies and navies of the time.("Group" in the British Royal Air Force, Gruppe in the German Luftwaffe, Groupe in the French Armée de l'Air etc.). A Kōkūtai could be based at land or on board aircraft carriers and could contain hundreds of men and aircraft.
Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM) (Jawi: كساتوان ملايو مودا; roughly Young Malays Union in Malay) was the first leftist and national political establishment in British Malaya.
The Kluang (Tamil: குளுவாங்) is a town in Kluang District, Johor, Malaysia.
Kota Bharu (Jawi: كوت بهارو; Chinese: 哥打峇鲁; occasionally referred to as Kota Baharu) is a city in Malaysia that serves as the state capital and royal seat of Kelantan.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
The Lanchester 6x4 armoured car was a British armoured car with a 6x4 drivetrain produced in limited numbers in the late 1920s and early 1930s.
Lieutenant General Sir Lewis Macclesfield Heath, (23 November 1885 – 10 January 1954) was an officer in the British Indian Army during the early to mid-twentieth century.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
A light bomber is a relatively small and fast type of military bomber aircraft that was primarily employed before the 1950s.
A light tank is a tank variant initially designed for rapid movement, and now primarily employed in the reconnaissance role, or in support of expeditionary forces where main battle tanks cannot be made available.
The Tank, Light, Mk VI was a British light tank, produced by Vickers-Armstrongs in the late 1930s, which saw service during the Second World War.
Lieutenant-General Sir Lionel Vivian Bond, KBE, CB (1884–1961) was a senior officer in the British Army.
The Lockheed Hudson was an American-built light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War and primarily operated by the RAF thereafter.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
The Malay Peninsula (Tanah Melayu, تانه ملايو; คาบสมุทรมลายู,, မလေး ကျွန်းဆွယ်, 马来半岛 / 馬來半島) is a peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The Malaya Command was a formation of the British Army formed in the 1920s for the coordination of the defences of British Malaya, which comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States.
The Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army (马来亚人民抗日军; abbreviated MPAJA) was a paramilitary group that was active during the Japanese occupation of Malaya from 1942 to 1945.
The Malaysia–Thailand border consists of both a land boundary across the Malay Peninsula and maritime boundaries in the Straits of Malacca and the Gulf of Thailand/South China Sea.
The Marmon-Herrington Armoured Car was a series of armoured vehicles that were produced in South Africa and adopted by the British Army during the Second World War.
The Martin B-10 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber to be regularly used by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Mersing is a town, mukim and the capital of Mersing District, Johor, Malaysia.
Major General Merton Beckwith-Smith, (11 July 1890 – 11 November 1942) was a senior British Army officer during both the First and Second World Wars.
The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" is a long-range fighter aircraft manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945.
The Mitsubishi G3M (九六式陸上攻撃機 Kyūroku-shiki rikujō kōgeki-ki: Type 96 land-based attack aircraft "Rikko"; Allied reporting name "Nell") was a Japanese bomber and transport aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJNAS) during World War II.
The was a Japanese reconnaissance aircraft and a light attack bomber of the Second Sino-Japanese War and Pacific War.
The Mitsubishi Ki-21 (or "Type 97 Heavy Bomber") (九七式重爆撃機 Kyūnana-shiki jūbakugekiki) (Allied reporting name: "Sally" /"Gwen") was a Japanese heavy bomber during World War II.
The was a Japanese light bomber of World War II.
The Mitsubishi Ki-46 was a twin-engine reconnaissance aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
The Mitsubishi Ki-51 (Army designation "Type 99 Assault Plane". Allied nickname "Sonia") was a light bomber/dive bomber in service with the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
The Awazisan Maru, also known as Awajisan Maru or Awagisan Maru was a 9,794 gross ton freighter that was built by Tama Shipbuilding Co., Tamano for Mitsui & Co. Ltd. launched in 1939 and was notable for being the most advanced freighter of its time.
The Muar River (Sungai Muar) is a river which flows through the states of Johor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang in Malaysia.
The was the main fighter aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force up until 1940.
The Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (隼, "Peregrine Falcon", "Army Type 1 Fighter" (一式戦闘機)) was a single-engine land-based tactical fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force in World War II.
National Geographic (formerly National Geographic Channel and also commercially abbreviated and trademarked as Nat Geo or Nat Geo TV) is an American digital cable and satellite television network that is owned by National Geographic Partners, majority-owned by 21st Century Fox with the remainder owned by the National Geographic Society.
Nicholas James Sebastian Rowe (born 22 November 1966) is a Scottish actor.
No 36 Squadron of the Royal Flying Corps (later the Royal Air Force) was formed at Cramlington in 1916 and was disbanded for the last time in 1975.
488 Squadron was the name given to two distinct Royal New Zealand Air Force squadrons during the Second World War.
On The Psychology of Military Incompetence is a work by Norman F. Dixon, first published in 1976, which applies insights from psychology to military history.
Operation Krohcol, or the Battle for The Ledge, was a British operation in December 1941 to invade southern Thailand following the Japanese invasion of Malaya and of Thailand during World War II.
Operation Matador was a plan of the British Malaya Command to move forces into position to counter a Japanese amphibious attack on Malaya.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Parit Sulong is a small town in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia on the Simpang Kiri River, 30 km east of Muar.
On 23 January 1942, the Parit Sulong Massacre in Johor, Malaya (now Malaysia) was committed against Allied soldiers by members of the Imperial Guards Division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan (29 July 1910 – 13 February 1942) was a captain in the British Indian Army who was convicted of treason, after spying for Japan during the Malayan campaign of World War II.
Pattani (ปัตตานี) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand.
Pattani is a town (thesaban mueang) in the far south of Thailand, near the border with Malaysia.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram (แปลก พิบูลสงคราม;; alternatively transcribed as Pibulsongkram or Pibulsonggram; 銮披汶·颂堪; 14 July 1897 – 11 June 1964), locally known as Chomphon Por (อมพล ป.), contemporarily known as Phibun (Pibul) in the West, was the longest serving 3rd Prime Minister of Thailand and fascist leader of Thailand from 1938 to 1944 and 1948 to 1957.
Ordnance, QF 3.7-inch howitzer is a mountain gun, used by British and Commonwealth armies in World War I and World War II, and between the wars.
The Ordnance QF 4.5-inch howitzer was the standard British Empire field (or ‘light’) howitzer of the First World War era.
was a Japanese military officer, lieutenant general in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Malay Regiment (Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja; Jawi: ريجيمن عسكر ملايو دراج) is the premier unit of the Malaysian Army's two infantry regiments.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force (Militaire Luchtvaart van het Koninklijk Nederlands-Indisch Leger, ML-KNIL) was the air arm of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) from 1939 until 1950.
The Royal Thai Armed Forces (กองทัพไทย) is the name of the military of the Kingdom of Thailand.
The Royal Thai Police (RTP) (ตำรวจแห่งชาติ) are the national police force of Thailand.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
Si Rat Malai (สี่รัฐมาลัย 'Four Malay States') is a former administrative division of Thailand.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Her Majesty's Naval Base, Singapore (also His Majesty's Naval Base, Singapore; HMNB Singapore), alternatively known as Singapore Naval Base, Sembawang Naval Base and HMS Sembawang, was situated in Sembawang at the northern tip of Singapore and was both a Royal Navy shore establishment and a cornerstone of British defence policy (the Singapore strategy) in the Far East between the World Wars.
The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement in the Second World War, part of the war in the Pacific, that took place north of Singapore, off the east coast of Malaya, near Kuantan, Pahang, where the British Royal Navy battleship and battlecruiser were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 10 December 1941.
Slim River (仕林河) is a small town in Muallim District, Perak, Malaysia.
Songkhla (สงขลา), also known as Singgora or Singora (Pattani Malay: ซิงกอรอ), is a city (thesaban nakhon) in Songkhla Province of southern Thailand, near the border with Malaysia.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Johore Strait (also known as the Tebrau Strait, Straits of Johor, Selat Johor, Selat Tebrau, and Tebrau Reach) is an international strait in Southeast Asia, between Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia.
was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
Takurō Matsui (松井 太久郎; Fukuoka Prefecture, 3 December 1887 – 10 June 1969) was a Lieutenant General in the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Admiral Sir Thomas Spencer Vaughan "Tom" Phillips (19 February 1888 – 10 December 1941) was a Royal Navy officer during the First and Second World Wars.
was an Imperial Japanese Army general during World War II.
A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes.
Tropical rainforests are rainforests that occur in areas of tropical rainforest climate in which there is no dry season – all months have an average precipitation of at least 60 mm – and may also be referred to as lowland equatorial evergreen rainforest.
The was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, noted for its role in the Malayan Campaign and the Battle of Singapore.
The was a medium tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army from 1932 to 1942 in combat operations of the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Khalkhin Gol against the Soviet Union, and in the Second World War.
The (also known as the Ke-Go) was a light tank used by the Empire of Japan's military in combat-operations during the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in the Second World War.
The was a medium tank used by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Battles of Khalkhin Gol against the Soviet Union, and the Second World War.
The was a tankette used by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Second Sino-Japanese War, at Nomonhan against the Soviet Union, and in World War II.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
The Vickers Vildebeest and the similar Vickers Vincent were two very large two- to three-seat single-engined British biplanes designed and built by Vickers and used as light bombers, torpedo bombers and in army cooperation roles.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Lieutenant General Sir William George Shedden Dobbie, (12 July 1879 – 3 October 1964) was a British Army veteran of the Second Boer War and the First and Second World Wars.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yong Peng is a town in Batu Pahat District, Johor, Malaysia.
The 11th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
Tweede afdeling, vliegtuiggroep vijf (second division, squadron five) or short 2-VLG-V was a squadron of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force from the 1st of July 1941 to the 8th of March 1942.
The 53rd Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars.
The was an infantry division of the Imperial Japanese Army.
The 8th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army, formed during World War II as part of the all-volunteer Second Australian Imperial Force.