93 relations: Adjustable gastric band, Adverse effect, American College of Physicians, American Heart Association, Amfepramone, Amphetamine, Aspiration therapy, Bariatric surgery, BBC, Bezoar, Bogotá, Bupropion, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, Cancer, Cannabis (drug), Cardiovascular disease, Cholesterol, Cochrane (organisation), Colombia, Combination drug, Dexfenfluramine, Diabetes mellitus, Dieting, Dose–response relationship, Duodenal-jejunal bypass liner, Electrolyte imbalance, Endocannabinoid system, Ephedra sinica, Ephedrine, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, European Medicines Agency, European Union, Exercise, Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy, Fenfluramine, Fluoxetine, Food and Drug Administration, Gastric balloon, Gastric bypass surgery, Glycogen, Gout, Government of China, Healthy diet, Hyperlipidemia, Ileojejunal bypass, Insulin, Jenny Craig, Inc., Laparoscopy, Leptin, Lipase, ..., Liposuction, Lorcaserin, Low-carbohydrate diet, Low-fat diet, Medical guideline, Metformin, Methamphetamine, Myocardial infarction, Naltrexone, National Institutes of Health, Neurotransmitter, Nutrient, Obesity, Obesity in China, Off-label use, Orlistat, Overeaters Anonymous, Pedestrian zone, Pedometer, Phases of clinical research, Phendimetrazine, Phentermine, Phentermine/topiramate, Pregnancy, Recombinant DNA, Rimonabant, Serotonin syndrome, Sertraline, Serving size, Sibutramine, Starvation, Stroke, Sulfonylurea, Thiazolidinedione, Topiramate, United States Preventive Services Task Force, USA Today, Vertical banded gastroplasty surgery, Very-low-calorie diet, Weight loss, Weight management, Weight Watchers, Zonisamide. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
A laparoscopic adjustable gastric band, commonly called a lap-band, A band, or LAGB, is an inflatable silicone device placed around the top portion of the stomach to treat obesity, intended to decrease food consumption.
In medicine, an adverse effect is an undesired harmful effect resulting from a medication or other intervention such as surgery.
The American College of Physicians (ACP) is a national organization of internal medicineAmerican Board of Medical Specialties -. Retrieved 20 October 2014 physicians (internists)Mercy Cedar Rapids -. Retrieved 20 October 2014—specialists who apply scientific knowledge and clinical expertise to the diagnosis, treatment, and compassionate care of adults across the spectrum from health to complex illness.
The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Amfepramone is a stimulant drug of the phenethylamine, amphetamine, and cathinone classes that is used as an appetite suppressant.
Amphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity.
Aspiration therapy is a bariatric approach to siphon ingested food from the stomach via an implanted tube and port to the outside of the body to be discarded.
Bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
A bezoar is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations.
Bogotá, officially Bogotá, Distrito Capital, abbreviated Bogotá, D.C., and formerly known as Santafé de Bogotá between 1991 and 2000, is the capital and largest city of Colombia, administered as the Capital District, although often thought of as part of Cundinamarca.
Bupropion, sold under the brand names Wellbutrin and Zyban among others, is a medication primarily used as an antidepressant and smoking cessation aid.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cannabis, also known as marijuana among other names, is a psychoactive drug from the ''Cannabis'' plant intended for medical or recreational use.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Cholesterol (from the Ancient Greek chole- (bile) and stereos (solid), followed by the chemical suffix -ol for an alcohol) is an organic molecule.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America.
A combination drug is a fixed-dose combination (FDC) that includes two or more active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) combined in a single dosage form, which is manufactured and distributed in fixed doses.
Dexfenfluramine, marketed as dexfenfluramine hydrochloride under the name Redux, is a serotonergic anorectic drug: it reduces appetite by increasing the amount of extracellular serotonin in the brain.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated and supervised fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight, or to prevent and treat diseases, such as diabetes.
The dose–response relationship, or exposure–response relationship, describes the change in effect on an organism caused by differing levels of exposure (or doses) to a stressor (usually a chemical) after a certain exposure time, or to a food.
A duodenal-jejunal bypass liner, commonly called an EndoBarrier, is an implantable medical device in the form of a thin flexible 60 cm-long tube that creates a physical barrier between ingested food and the duodenum/proximal jejunum.
Electrolyte imbalance is an abnormality in the concentration of electrolytes in the body.
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system composed of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors, and cannabinoid receptor proteins that are expressed throughout the mammalian central nervous system (including the brain) and peripheral nervous system.
Ephedra sinica (also known as Chinese ephedra or Ma Huang) is a plant species native to Mongolia, Russia (Buryatiya, Chita, Primorye), and northeastern China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi).
Ephedrine is a medication and stimulant.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, (EGD) also called by various other names, is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract down to the duodenum.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is a European Union agency for the evaluation of medicinal products.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of cardiology.
Fenfluramine, formerly sold under the brand name Pondimin among others, is an appetite suppressant which was used to treat obesity and is now no longer marketed.
Fluoxetine, also known by trade names Prozac and Sarafem, among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the United States federal executive departments.
A gastric balloon, also known as stomach balloon, is an inflatable medical device that is temporarily placed into the stomach to reduce weight.
Gastric bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure in which the stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower "remnant" pouch and then the small intestine is rearranged to connect to both.
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
The central government of the People's Republic of China is divided among several state organs.
A healthy diet is a diet that helps to maintain or improve overall health.
Hyperlipidemia is abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.
The ileojejunal bypass is an experimental surgery designed as a remedy for morbid obesity.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
Jenny Craig, Inc., often known simply as Jenny Craig, is an American weight loss, weight management, and nutrition company.
Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera.
Leptin (from Greek λεπτός leptos, "thin"), "the hormone of energy expenditure", is a hormone predominantly made by adipose cells that helps to regulate energy balance by inhibiting hunger.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape.
Lorcaserin, currently marketed under the trade name Belviq and previously Lorqess during development, is a weight-loss drug developed by Arena Pharmaceuticals.
Low-carbohydrate diets or low-carb diets are dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption.
A low-fat diet is one that restricts fat and often saturated fat and cholesterol as well.
A medical guideline (also called a clinical guideline or clinical practice line) is a document with the aim of guiding decisions and criteria regarding diagnosis, management, and treatment in specific areas of healthcare.
Metformin, marketed under the trade name Glucophage among others, is the first-line medication for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in people who are overweight.
Methamphetamine (contracted from) is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug and less commonly as a second-line treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obesity.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
Naltrexone, sold under the brand names ReVia and Vivitrol among others, is a medication primarily used to manage alcohol or opioid dependence.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
Obesity in China is a major health concern according to the WHO, with overall rates of obesity below 5% in the country, but greater than 20% in some cities.
Off-label use is the use of pharmaceutical drugs for an unapproved indication or in an unapproved age group, dosage, or route of administration.
Orlistat is a drug designed to treat obesity.
Overeaters Anonymous (OA) is a twelve-step program for people with problems related to food including, but not limited to, compulsive overeaters, those with binge eating disorder, bulimics and anorexics.
Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, and as pedestrian precincts in British English) are areas of a city or town reserved for pedestrian-only use and in which most or all automobile traffic may be prohibited.
A pedometer is a device, usually portable and electronic or electromechanical, that counts each step a person takes by detecting the motion of the person's hands or hips.
The phases of clinical research are the steps in which scientists do experiments with a health intervention in an attempt to find enough evidence for a process which would be useful as a medical treatment.
Phendimetrazine (Bontril, Adipost, Anorex-SR, Appecon, Melfiat, Obezine, Phendiet, Plegine, Prelu-2, Statobex) is a stimulant drug of the morpholine chemical class used as an appetite suppressant.
Phentermine (contracted from phenyl-tertiary-butylamine), also known as α,α-dimethylphenethylamine, is a psychostimulant drug of the substituted amphetamine chemical class, with pharmacology similar to amphetamine.
Phentermine and topiramate, sold under the trade name Qsymia, is a combination medication used for weight loss.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are DNA molecules formed by laboratory methods of genetic recombination (such as molecular cloning) to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in the genome.
Rimonabant (also known as SR141716; trade names Acomplia, Zimulti) is an anorectic antiobesity drug that was first approved in Europe in 2006 but was withdrawn worldwide in 2008 due to serious psychiatric side effects; it was never approved in the United States.
Serotonin syndrome (SS) is a group of symptoms that may occur following use of certain serotonergic medications or drugs.
Sertraline, sold under the trade names Zoloft among others, is an antidepressant of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) class.
A serving size or portion size is the amount of a food or drink that is generally served.
Sibutramine, formerly sold under the brand name Meridia among others, is an appetite suppressant which has been discontinued in many countries.
Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake, below the level needed to maintain an organism's life.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Sulfonylureas (UK: sulphonylurea) are a class of organic compounds used in medicine and agriculture.
The thiazolidinediones, abbreviated as TZD, also known as glitazones after the prototypical drug ciglitazone, are a class of heterocyclic compounds consisting of a five-membered C3NS ring.
Topiramate (brand name Topamax) is an anticonvulsant (antiepilepsy) drug.
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) is "an independent panel of experts in primary care and prevention that systematically reviews the evidence of effectiveness and develops recommendations for clinical preventive services".
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), also known as stomach stapling, is a form of bariatric surgery for weight control.
Very low calorie diet (VLCD) is a diet with very or extremely low daily food energy consumption.
Weight loss, in the context of medicine, health, or physical fitness, refers to a reduction of the total body mass, due to a mean loss of fluid, body fat or adipose tissue or lean mass, namely bone mineral deposits, muscle, tendon, and other connective tissue.
Weight management techniques encompass long-term lifestyle strategies that promote healthy eating and daily physical activity.
Weight Watchers International is an American company that offers various products and services to assist weight loss and maintenance.
Zonisamide is a medication used to treat the symptoms of epilepsy and Parkinson's disease.