218 relations: Academic journal, Advowson, Aestheticism, Alfred Marshall, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Alice Gardner, Alma mater, Alnwick, American Antiquarian Society, Anglicanism, Anglo-Catholicism, Anglo-Scottish border, Arabic, Archbishop of Canterbury, Arthur Winnington-Ingram, Association football, Balliol College, Oxford, Beatrice Webb, Benjamin Jowett, Bishop, Bishop of London, Bishop of Newcastle (England), Bishop of Peterborough, Bishop of Winchester, Board of guardians, Book of Common Prayer, Branch theory, Brasenose College, Oxford, British Museum, British undergraduate degree classification, Broad church, Cabinetry, Canon (priest), Carlisle, Cumbria, Cathedral school, Catholic Church, Charles Darwin, Church history, Church of England, Classics, Clergy, Consecration, Cope, Cornhill Magazine, Corporal punishment, Council of Trent, Creighton Lecture, Cricket, Crosier, ..., Crypt, Cumberland, Cumbria, Curate, Dame school, Depression (mood), Diocese, Diocese of London, Diocese of York, Diplopia, Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History, Durham Cathedral, Durham School, Durham, England, Eastern Orthodox Church, Edinburgh, Edward Augustus Freeman, Edward Caird, Edward Glyn, Edward White Benson, Edwardian era, Elementary Education Act 1870, Embleton, Northumberland, Emmanuel College, Cambridge, English people, English Poor Laws, Ernest Wilberforce, Evangelicalism, Fellow, Fibromyalgia, Field hockey, Fish processing, Flyer (pamphlet), Francis Parkman, Frederic William Maitland, Frederick Temple, Fulham Palace, George Saintsbury, George Walter Prothero, Girls' Friendly Society, Girton College, Cambridge, Given name, Haddock, Harvard University, Head girl and head boy, Hebrew language, Henry Melvill Gwatkin, Henry Scott Holland, Herring, High church, Historian, Historiography, Holy orders, Homer, Homeschooling, House of Borgia, House of Lords, Hubert von Herkomer, Hulsean Lectures, Influenza, James Russell Lowell, John Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, John Harvard (clergyman), John Kensit, John Robert Seeley, John Ruskin, Kent, King's College London, King's Scholar, Lambeth Palace, Languages of Asia, Latin poetry, Leicester, Literae Humaniores, Local government, Lockout (industry), London, Longman, Louise Creighton, Low church, Mary Bateson (historian), Masterpiece, Merton College, Oxford, Mitre, Mothers' Union, National Portrait Gallery, London, Near-sightedness, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newnham College, Cambridge, Nicholas II of Russia, Normative, North British Railway, North Sea, Northampton, Northumberland, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Oxford Movement, Oxford Union, Parish, Parochial school, Peel tower, Perpetual curate, Peterborough Cathedral, Political history, Pope, Pope Alexander VI, Pope Julius II, Pope Sixtus IV, Postmaster (disambiguation), Primary source, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Province of Canterbury, Province of York, Quarry, Quarterly Review, Queen Victoria, Rail transport, Randall Davidson, Rates (tax), Reader (academic rank), Rede Lecture, Regius Professor of History (Oxford), Relativism, Renaissance, Ritualism in the Church of England, Robert Browning, Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, Robert John Weston Evans, Romanes Lecture, Rural dean, Sack of Rome (1527), Samuel Butler (novelist), Sandringham House, Sanitation, School boards in England and Wales, Sheldonian Theatre, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, St Paul's Cathedral, Sydenham, Temperance movement in the United Kingdom, The English Historical Review, Thomas Arnold, Thomas Carlyle, Thomas Humphry Ward, Translation (ecclesiastical), Trinity College Dublin, Tripos, Tutor, United Kingdom, University don, University of Cambridge, University of Oxford, Valentine's Day, Vicar (Anglicanism), Victorian era, Walter Pater, Westminster Abbey, Whinstone, William Connor Magee, William Ewart Gladstone, William Morris, William Robertson Smith, William Stubbs, Windsor Castle, Women's suffrage, Worcester, Worcester Cathedral, Working class. Expand index (168 more) » « Shrink index
An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication in which scholarship relating to a particular academic discipline is published.
Advowson (or "patronage") is the right in English law of a patron (avowee) to present to the diocesan bishop (or in some cases the ordinary if not the same person) a nominee for appointment to a vacant ecclesiastical benefice or church living, a process known as presentation (jus praesentandi, Latin: "the right of presenting").
Aestheticism (also the Aesthetic Movement) is an intellectual and art movement supporting the emphasis of aesthetic values more than social-political themes for literature, fine art, music and other arts.
Alfred Marshall, FBA (26 July 1842 – 13 July 1924) was one of the most influential economists of his time.
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains one of the most popular British poets.
Algernon Charles Swinburne (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic.
Alice Gardner (26 April 1854 – 11 November 1927) was an English historian.
Alma mater (Latin: "nourishing/kind", "mother"; pl.) is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university or college.
Alnwick is a market town in north Northumberland, England, of which it is the traditional county town.
The American Antiquarian Society (AAS), located in Worcester, Massachusetts, is both a learned society and national research library of pre-twentieth century American history and culture.
Anglicanism is a Western Christian tradition that evolved out of the practices, liturgy and identity of the Church of England following the Protestant Reformation.
The terms Anglo-Catholicism, Anglican Catholicism, and Catholic Anglicanism refer to people, beliefs and practices within Anglicanism that emphasise the Catholic heritage and identity of the various Anglican churches.
The Anglo-Scottish border between England and Scotland runs for 96 miles (154 km) between Marshall Meadows Bay on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.
Arthur Foley Winnington-Ingram (26 January 1858 – 26 May 1946) was Bishop of London from 1901 to 1939.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Balliol College, founded in 1263,: Graduate Studies Prospectus - Last updated 17 Sep 08 is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
Martha Beatrice Webb, Baroness Passfield, (née Potter; 22 January 1858 – 30 April 1943), was an English sociologist, economist, socialist, labour historian and social reformer.
Benjamin Jowett (modern variant; 15 April 1817 – 1 October 1893) was renowned as an influential tutor and administrative reformer in the University of Oxford, a theologian and translator of Plato and Thucydides.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
The Bishop of London is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Newcastle is the ordinary of the Church of England's Diocese of Newcastle in the Province of York.
The Bishop of Peterborough is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Peterborough in the Province of Canterbury.
The Bishop of Winchester is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Winchester in the Church of England.
Boards of guardians were ad hoc authorities that administered Poor Law in the United Kingdom from 1835 to 1930.
The Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by the Continuing Anglican, Anglican realignment and other Anglican Christian churches.
Branch theory is a Protestant ecclesiological proposition that the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church includes various Christian denominations whether in formal communion or not.
Brasenose College (BNC), officially The King's Hall and College of Brasenose, is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.
The British undergraduate degree classification system is a grading structure for undergraduate degrees (bachelor's degrees and integrated master's degrees) in the United Kingdom.
Broad church is latitudinarian churchmanship in the Church of England in particular and Anglicanism in general.
A cabinet is a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers for storing miscellaneous items.
A canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανονικός, kanonikós, "relating to a rule", "regular") is a member of certain bodies subject to an ecclesiastical rule.
Carlisle (or from Cumbric: Caer Luel Cathair Luail) is the county town of Cumbria.
Cathedral schools began in the Early Middle Ages as centers of advanced education, some of them ultimately evolving into medieval universities.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Church history or ecclesiastical history as an academic discipline studies the history of Christianity and the way the Christian Church has developed since its inception.
The Church of England (C of E) is the state church of England.
Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.
Clergy are some of the main and important formal leaders within certain religions.
Consecration is the solemn dedication to a special purpose or service, usually religious.
The cope (known in Latin as pluviale 'rain coat' or cappa 'cape') is a liturgical vestment, more precisely a long mantle or cloak, open in front and fastened at the breast with a band or clasp.
The Cornhill Magazine (1860–1975) was a Victorian magazine and literary journal named after the publisher's address at 65 Cornhill in London.
Corporal punishment or physical punishment is a punishment intended to cause physical pain on a person.
The Council of Trent (Concilium Tridentinum), held between 1545 and 1563 in Trent (or Trento, in northern Italy), was an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church.
The Creighton Lecture is an annual lecture delivered at King's College, London on a topic in history.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit).
A crosier (also known as a crozier, paterissa, pastoral staff, or bishop's staff) is a stylized staff carried by high-ranking Roman Catholic, Eastern Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, and some Lutheran, United Methodist and Pentecostal prelates.
A crypt (from Latin crypta "vault") is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building.
Cumberland is a historic county of North West England that had an administrative function from the 12th century until 1974.
Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England.
A curate is a person who is invested with the ''care'' or ''cure'' (''cura'') ''of souls'' of a parish.
A dame school was an early form of a private elementary school in English-speaking countries.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration".
The Diocese of London forms part of the Church of England's Province of Canterbury in England.
The Diocese of York is an administrative division of the Church of England, part of the Province of York.
Diplopia, commonly known as double vision, is the simultaneous perception of two images of a single object that may be displaced horizontally, vertically, diagonally (i.e., both vertically and horizontally), or rotationally in relation to each other.
The Dixie Professorship of Ecclesiastical History is one of the senior professorships in history at the University of Cambridge.
The Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham, commonly known as Durham Cathedral and home of the Shrine of St Cuthbert, is a cathedral in the city of Durham, United Kingdom, the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Durham.
Durham School is an English independent boarding school for pupils aged between 3 and 18 years.
Durham (locally) is a historic city and the county town of County Durham in North East England.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Edward Augustus Freeman (2 August 1823 – 16 March 1892) was an English historian, architectural artist, and Liberal politician during the late-19th-century heyday of William Gladstone, as well as a one-time candidate for Parliament.
Edward Caird, FBA, FRSE (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.
Edward Carr Glyn (21 November 1843 – 14 November 1928) was an Anglican bishop in England in the late 19th century and the early 20th century.
Edward White Benson (14 July 1829 – 11 October 1896) was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1883 until his death.
The Edwardian era or Edwardian period of British history covers the brief reign of King Edward VII, 1901 to 1910, and is sometimes extended in both directions to capture long-term trends from the 1890s to the First World War.
The Elementary Education Act 1870, commonly known as Forster's Education Act, set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 12 in England and Wales.
Embleton is a village and civil parish in the English county of Northumberland.
Emmanuel College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
The English are a nation and an ethnic group native to England who speak the English language. The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ("family of the Angles"). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD. England is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens. Historically, the English population is descended from several peoples the earlier Celtic Britons (or Brythons) and the Germanic tribes that settled in Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans, including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians. Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become England (from the Old English Englaland) along with the later Danes, Anglo-Normans and other groups. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England was succeeded by the Kingdom of Great Britain. Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general. Today many English people have recent forebears from other parts of the United Kingdom, while some are also descended from more recent immigrants from other European countries and from the Commonwealth. The English people are the source of the English language, the Westminster system, the common law system and numerous major sports such as cricket, football, rugby union, rugby league and tennis. These and other English cultural characteristics have spread worldwide, in part as a result of the former British Empire.
The English Poor Laws were a system of poor relief which existed in England and Wales that developed out of late-medieval and Tudor-era laws being codified in 1587–98.
Ernest Roland Wilberforce (22 January 1840 – 9 September 1907) was an Anglican clergyman and bishop.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
A fellow is a member of a group (or fellowship) that work together in pursuing mutual knowledge or practice.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.
Field hockey is a team game of the hockey family.
The term fish processing refers to the processes associated with fish and fish products between the time fish are caught or harvested, and the time the final product is delivered to the customer.
A flyer is a form of paper advertisement intended for wide distribution and typically posted or distributed in a public place, handed out to individuals or sent through the mail.
Francis Parkman Jr. (September 16, 1823 – November 8, 1893) was an American historian, best known as author of The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life and his monumental seven-volume France and England in North America. These works are still valued as historical sources and as literature.
Frederic William Maitland, FBA (28 May 1850 – 19 December 1906) was an English historian and lawyer who is generally regarded as the modern father of English legal history.
Frederick Temple (30 November 1821 – 23 December 1902) was an English academic, teacher, churchman, and Archbishop of Canterbury, from 1896 until his death.
Fulham Palace, in Fulham, London, previously in the former English county of Middlesex, is a Grade I listed building with medieval origins, standing alongside Bishops Park, and was formerly the principal residence of the Bishop of London.
George Edward Bateman Saintsbury, FBA (23 October 1845 – 28 January 1933), was an English writer, literary historian, scholar, critic and wine connoisseur.
Sir George Walter Prothero, KBE, FBA (14 October 1848 – 10 July 1922) was an English historian, writer, and academic, and served as the president of the Royal Historical Society from 1901 to 1905.
The Girls' Friendly Society (also known by their program name GFS Platform, or just GFS) is a philanthropic society that empowers girls and young women, encouraging them to develop their full potential through programs that provide training, confidence building, and other educational opportunities.
Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge.
A given name (also known as a first name, forename or Christian name) is a part of a person's personal name.
The haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) is a saltwater fish from the family Gadidae, the true cods, it is the only species in the monotypic genus Melanogrammus.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Head boy and head girl are roles of prominent representative student responsibility.
Henry Melvill Gwatkin (30 July 1844 – 14 November 1916) was an English theologian and church historian.
Henry Scott Holland (27 January 1847 – 17 March 1918) was Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
The term "high church" refers to beliefs and practices of ecclesiology, liturgy, and theology, generally with an emphasis on formality and resistance to "modernisation." Although used in connection with various Christian traditions, the term originated in and has been principally associated with the Anglican/Episcopal tradition, where it describes Anglican churches using a number of ritual practices associated in the popular mind with Roman Catholicism.
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it.
Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.
In the Christian churches, Holy Orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Homeschooling, also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home.
The House of Borgia (Italian: Borgia; Spanish and Borja; Borja) was an Italo-Spanish noble family, which rose to prominence during the Italian Renaissance.
The House of Lords of the United Kingdom, also known as the House of Peers, is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Sir Hubert von Herkomer (born as Hubert Herkomer; 26 May 1849 – 31 March 1914) was a German-born British painter, and also a pioneering film-director and composer.
The Hulsean Lectures were established from an endowment made by John Hulse to Cambridge University in 1790.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus.
James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat.
John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton, 1st Baron Acton, (10 January 1834 – 19 June 1902), was an English Catholic historian, politician, and writer.
John Harvard (16071638) was an English minister in America, "a godly gentleman and a lover of learning", whose deathbed bequest to the founded two years earlier by the Massachusetts Bay Colony was so gratefully received that it was consequently ordered "that the agreed upon formerly to built at called Colledge." The institution considers him the most honored of its foundersthose whose efforts and contributions in its early days "ensure its permanence." A statue in his honor is a prominent feature of Harvard Yard.
John Kensit (12 February 1853 – 8 October 1902) was an English religious leader and polemicist.
Sir John Robert Seeley, KCMG (10 September 1834 in London – 13 January 1895 in Cambridge) was an English historian and political essayist.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
King's College London (informally King's or KCL) is a public research university located in London, United Kingdom, and a founding constituent college of the federal University of London.
A King's Scholar is a foundation scholar (elected on the basis of good academic performance and usually qualifying for reduced fees) of one of certain public schools.
Lambeth Palace is the official London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England, in north Lambeth, on the south bank of the River Thames, 400 yards south-east of the Palace of Westminster, which houses the Houses of Parliament, on the opposite bank.
There is a wide variety of languages spoken throughout Asia, comprising different language families and some unrelated isolates.
The history of Latin poetry can be understood as the adaptation of Greek models.
Leicester ("Lester") is a city and unitary authority area in the East Midlands of England, and the county town of Leicestershire.
Literae Humaniores is the name given to an undergraduate course focused on Classics (Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Latin, ancient Greek and philosophy) at the University of Oxford and some other universities.
A local government is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state.
A lockout is a temporary work stoppage or denial of employment initiated by the management of a company during a labor dispute.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Longman, commonly known as Pearson Longman, is a publishing company founded in London, England, in 1724 and is owned by Pearson PLC.
Louise Hume Creighton, née von Glehn (7 July 1850 – 15 April 1936) was a British author of books on historical and sociopolitical topics, and an activist for a greater representation of women in society, including women's suffrage, and in the Church of England.
The term "low church" refers to churches which give relatively little emphasis to ritual, sacraments and the authority of clergy.
Mary Bateson (12 September 1865, Robin Hood's Bay – 30 November 1906) was a British historian and suffrage activist.
Masterpiece, magnum opus (Latin, great work) or chef-d’œuvre (French, master of work, plural chefs-d’œuvre) in modern use is a creation that has been given much critical praise, especially one that is considered the greatest work of a person's career or to a work of outstanding creativity, skill, profundity, or workmanship.
Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England.
The mitre (British English) (Greek: μίτρα, "headband" or "turban") or miter (American English; see spelling differences), is a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress of bishops and certain abbots in traditional Christianity.
Mothers’ Union is an international Christian charity that seeks to support families worldwide.
The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art gallery in London housing a collection of portraits of historically important and famous British people.
Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness and myopia, is a condition of the eye where light focuses in front of, instead of on, the retina.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.
Newnham College is a women-only constituent college of the University of Cambridge.
Nicholas II or Nikolai II (r; 1868 – 17 July 1918), known as Saint Nicholas II of Russia in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917.
Normative generally means relating to an evaluative standard.
The North British Railway was a British railway company, based in Edinburgh, Scotland.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (March 8, 1841 – March 6, 1935) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932, and as Acting Chief Justice of the United States from January–February 1930.
The Oxford Movement was a movement of High Church members of the Church of England which eventually developed into Anglo-Catholicism.
The Oxford Union Society, commonly referred to simply as the Oxford Union, is a debating society in the city of Oxford, England, whose membership is drawn primarily from the University of Oxford.
A parish is a church territorial entity constituting a division within a diocese.
A parochial school is a private primary or secondary school affiliated with a religious organization, and whose curriculum includes general religious education in addition to secular subjects, such as science, mathematics and language arts.
Peel towers (also spelt pele) are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger.
Perpetual curate was a class of resident parish priest or incumbent curate within the United Church of England and Ireland.
Peterborough Cathedral, properly the Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew – also known as Saint Peter's Cathedral in the United Kingdom – is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Peterborough, dedicated to Saint Peter, Saint Paul and Saint Andrew, whose statues look down from the three high gables of the famous West Front.
Political history is the narrative and analysis of political events, ideas, movements, organs of government, voters, parties and leaders.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Alexander VI, born Rodrigo de Borja (de Borja, Rodrigo Lanzol y de Borja; 1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death.
Pope Julius II (Papa Giulio II; Iulius II) (5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513), born Giuliano della Rovere, and nicknamed "The Fearsome Pope" and "The Warrior Pope".
Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.
A postmaster is the head of an individual post office.
In the study of history as an academic discipline, a primary source (also called original source or evidence) is an artifact, document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study.
Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, usually known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign of the United Kingdom.
The Province of Canterbury, or less formally the Southern Province, is one of two ecclesiastical provinces which constitute the Church of England.
The Province of York is one of two ecclesiastical provinces making up the Church of England and consists of 12 dioceses which cover the northern third of England and the Isle of Man.
A quarry is a place from which dimension stone, rock, construction aggregate, riprap, sand, gravel, or slate has been excavated from the ground.
The Quarterly Review was a literary and political periodical founded in March 1809 by the well known London publishing house John Murray.
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.
Rail transport is a means of transferring of passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, also known as tracks.
Randall Thomas Davidson, 1st Baron Davidson of Lambeth, (7 April 1848 – 25 May 1930) was an Anglican bishop of Scottish origin who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1903 to 1928.
Rates are a type of property tax system in the United Kingdom, and in places with systems deriving from the British one, the proceeds of which are used to fund local government.
The title of reader in the United Kingdom and some universities in the Commonwealth of Nations, for example India, Australia and New Zealand, denotes an appointment for a senior academic with a distinguished international reputation in research or scholarship.
The Sir Robert Rede's Lecturer is an annual appointment to give a public lecture, the Sir Robert Rede's Lecture (usually Rede Lecture) at the University of Cambridge.
The Regius Professor of History at the University of Oxford is a long-established professorial position.
Relativism is the idea that views are relative to differences in perception and consideration.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Ritualism, in the history of Christianity, refers to an emphasis on the rituals and liturgical ceremony of the church, in particular of Holy Communion.
Robert Browning (7 May 1812 – 12 December 1889) was an English poet and playwright whose mastery of the dramatic monologue made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.
Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, (3 February 183022 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British statesman of the Conservative Party, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over thirteen years.
Robert John Weston Evans FLSW FBA (born 1943) is a historian, whose speciality is the post-medieval history of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Romanes Lecture is a prestigious free public lecture given annually at the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, England.
In the Anglican Communion and the Roman Catholic Church as well as some Lutheran denominations, a rural dean is a member of clergy who presides over a "rural deanery" (often referred to as a deanery).
The Sack of Rome on 6 May 1527 was a military event carried out in Rome (then part of the Papal States) by the mutinous troops of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Samuel Butler (4 December 1835 – 18 June 1902) was the iconoclastic English author of the Utopian satirical novel Erewhon (1872) and the semi-autobiographical Bildungsroman The Way of All Flesh, published posthumously in 1903.
Sandringham House is a country house in the parish of Sandringham, Norfolk, England.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
School boards were public bodies in England and Wales between 1870 and 1902, which established and administered elementary schools.
The Sheldonian Theatre, located in Oxford, England, was built from 1664 to 1669 after a design by Christopher Wren for the University of Oxford.
St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle in England, is a chapel designed in the high-medieval Gothic style.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Sydenham is a district within the south east London Boroughs of Lewisham, Bromley and Southwark.
The Temperance movement in the United Kingdom originated as a mass movement in the 19th century.
The English Historical Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal that was established in 1886 and published by Oxford University Press (formerly Longman).
Thomas Arnold (13 June 1795 – 12 June 1842) was an English educator and historian.
Thomas Carlyle (4 December 17955 February 1881) was a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, translator, historian, mathematician, and teacher.
(Thomas) Humphry Ward (9 November 1845 – 6 May 1926) was an English author and journalist, best known as the husband of the author Mary Augusta Ward, who wrote under the name Mrs. Humphry Ward.
Translation is the transfer of a bishop from one episcopal see to another.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), officially the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, a research university located in Dublin, Ireland.
At the University of Cambridge, a Tripos (plural 'Triposes') is any of the undergraduate examinations that qualify an undergraduate for a bachelor's degree or the courses taken by an undergraduate to prepare.
A tutor is a person who provides assistance or tutelage to one or more people on certain subject areas or skills.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
A don is a fellow or tutor of a college or university, especially traditional collegiate universities such as Oxford and Cambridge and Durham in England, and Trinity College, Dublin, in Ireland.
The University of Cambridge (informally Cambridge University)The corporate title of the university is The Chancellor, Masters, and Scholars of the University of Cambridge.
The University of Oxford (formally The Chancellor Masters and Scholars of the University of Oxford) is a collegiate research university located in Oxford, England.
Valentine's Day, also called Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is celebrated annually on February 14.
Vicar is the title given to certain parish priests in the Church of England.
In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.
Walter Horatio Pater (4 August 1839 – 30 July 1894) was an English essayist, literary and art critic, and fiction writer, regarded as one of the great stylists.
Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster.
Whinstone is a term used in the quarrying industry to describe any hard dark-coloured rock.
William Connor Magee (17 December 1821 – 5 May 1891) was an Irish clergyman of the Anglican church, Bishop of Peterborough 1868–1891 and Archbishop of York for a short period in 1891.
William Ewart Gladstone, (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party.
William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist.
William Robertson Smith (8 November 1846 – 31 March 1894) was a Scottish orientalist, Old Testament scholar, professor of divinity, and minister of the Free Church of Scotland.
William Stubbs (21 June 1825 – 22 April 1901) was an English historian and Anglican bishop.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Women's suffrage (colloquial: female suffrage, woman suffrage or women's right to vote) --> is the right of women to vote in elections; a person who advocates the extension of suffrage, particularly to women, is called a suffragist.
Worcester is a city in Worcestershire, England, southwest of Birmingham, west-northwest of London, north of Gloucester and northeast of Hereford.
Worcester Cathedral, is an Anglican cathedral in Worcester, England, situated on a bank overlooking the River Severn.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.