177 relations: Aerial warfare, Aeroplane (magazine), Air supremacy, Airco DH.2, Albatros C.III, Albatros D.II, Albatros D.III, Albatros D.V, Amiens, Anti-aircraft warfare, Aristocracy, Australian Flying Corps, Australian Screen Online, Australian War Memorial, Autopsy, Świdnica, Baron, Berlin Wall, Bertangles, Billy Bishop, Bloody April, Bolko von Richthofen, British Empire, Bundeswehr, Cambrai, Cavalry, Cedric Popkin, Channel 4, Cold War, Combat stress reaction, David Blake (general), Death certificate, Dicta Boelcke, Discovery Channel, Donald Cunnell, East Germany, Eastern Front (World War I), Edward Smout, Edwin Benbow, Erich Hartmann, Ernst Udet, Erwin Rommel, Farman Aviation Works, Feldflieger Abteilung, Fern Andra, Fighter aircraft, Fighter pilot, First Australian Imperial Force, Flying ace, Fokker D.VII, ..., Fokker Dr.I, Fort Douaumont, France, Freiherr, Fricourt, Fricourt German war cemetery, Gallipoli Star, Generaloberst, Georges Guynemer, German Empire, Glossary of German military terms, Halberstadt D.II, Hanseatic Cross, House Order of Hohenzollern, Hypothesis, ILA Berlin Air Show, Imperial War Museum, Imtiyaz Medal, Invalids' Cemetery, Iron Cross, Jagdgeschwader 1 (World War I), Jagdgeschwader 131, Jagdgeschwader 132, Jagdgeschwader 2, Jagdstaffel 11, Jagdstaffel 2, James McCudden, Karl Allmenröder, Karl Bodenschatz, Kingdom of Prussia, Kriegsmarine, Lanoe Hawker, Lewis gun, Liakat Medal, List of victories of Manfred von Richthofen, Lists of World War I flying aces, Lothar von Richthofen, Lower Silesia, Luftstreitkräfte, Luftwaffe, Mick Mannock, Military funeral, Military Merit Cross (Austria-Hungary), Military Merit Order (Bavaria), Military Merit Order (Württemberg), Military Order of St. Henry, Missing man formation, Morlancourt, Nazi Germany, New York Daily News, Nieuport, No. 20 Squadron RAF, No. 209 Squadron RAF, No. 3 Squadron RAAF, No. 40 Squadron RAF, Nobility, Norman Franks, Nova (TV series), Order of Bravery, Order of the Iron Crown (Austria), Order of the Red Eagle, Ostrów Wielkopolski, Oswald Boelcke, Other ranks (UK), Pallbearer, Poland, Pour le Mérite, Project Gutenberg, Province of Silesia, Prussia, Prussian Army, Raymond Collishaw, Reconnaissance, René Fonck, Richthofen, Rittmeister, Roy Brown (RAF officer), Royal Air Force, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2, Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8, Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8, Royal Australian Army Medical Corps, Royal Australian Artillery, Royal Canadian Military Institute, Saxe-Ernestine House Order, Seaplane tender, Secret History (TV series), Snowy Evans, Somme (river), Sopwith Camel, South Cemetery Wiesbaden, Spring Offensive, Squadron (army), Squadron (aviation), State funeral, Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader 71 "Richthofen", Target fixation, The Australian, The Lancet, The Red Baron in popular culture, The Red Fighter Pilot, Tom Rees (airman), Traumatic brain injury, Trench warfare, Triplane, Uhlan, University of Texas at Austin, Unsolved History, Vaux-sur-Somme, Verdun, Vickers machine gun, Victoria Cross, War Merit Cross (Brunswick), War Merit Cross (Lippe), Wehrmacht, Werner Voss, Wervik, Western Front (World War I), Wiesbaden, Wilhelm Reinhard (pilot), Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, Wop May, World War I, Wound Badge, Wrocław, Yoke (aeronautics), .303 British. Expand index (127 more) » « Shrink index
Aerial warfare is the battlespace use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare.
Aeroplane (formerly Aeroplane Monthly) is a British magazine devoted to aviation, with a focus on aviation history and preservation.
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
The Airco DH.2 was a single-seat biplane "pusher" aircraft which operated as a fighter during the First World War.
The Albatros C.III was a German two-seat general-purpose biplane of World War I, built by Albatros Flugzeugwerke.
The Albatros D.II was a German fighter aircraft used during World War I. After a successful combat career in the early Jagdstaffeln, it was gradually superseded by the Albatros D.III.
The Albatros D.III was a biplane fighter aircraft used by the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) during World War I. A modified licence model was built by Oeffag for the Austro-Hungarian Air Service (''Luftfahrtruppen'').
The Albatros D.V was a fighter aircraft used by the Luftstreitkräfte (Imperial German Air Service) during World War I. The D.V was the final development of the Albatros D.I family, and the last Albatros fighter to see operational service.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.
The Australian Flying Corps (AFC) was the branch of the Australian Army responsible for operating aircraft during World War I, and the forerunner of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
Australian Screen Online is an on-line database operated by the Australian National Film and Sound Archive.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
An autopsy (post-mortem examination, obduction, necropsy, or autopsia cadaverum) is a highly specialized surgical procedure that consists of a thorough examination of a corpse by dissection to determine the cause and manner of death or to evaluate any disease or injury that may be present for research or educational purposes.
Świdnica (Schweidnitz; Svídnice) is a city in southwestern Poland in the region of Silesia.
Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary.
The Berlin Wall (Berliner Mauer) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Bertangles is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
William Avery Bishop, (8 February 1894 – 11 September 1956) was a Canadian flying ace of the First World War, Victoria Cross recipient, and Air Marshal.
Bloody April refers to April 1917, and is the name given to the (largely successful) British air support operations during the Battle of Arras, during which particularly heavy casualties were suffered by the Royal Flying Corps at the hands of the German Luftstreitkräfte.
Bolko von Richthofen (September 13, 1899 – March 18, 1983) was a German archaeologist and a distant relative of the family of Manfred von Richthofen, the "Red Baron".
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
The Bundeswehr (Federal Defence) is the unified armed forces of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities.
Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.
Cavalry (from the French cavalerie, cf. cheval 'horse') or horsemen were soldiers or warriors who fought mounted on horseback.
Cedric Bassett Popkin (Born 20 June 1890, died 26 January 1968) is considered the person most likely to have killed German ace Manfred von Richthofen — also known as the "Red Baron" — on 21 April 1918.
Channel 4 is a British public-service television broadcaster that began transmission on 2 November 1982.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.
Major General David Valentine Jardine Blake (10 November 1887 – 6 March 1965) was a senior commander of the Australian Army who served in both world wars.
The phrase death certificate can refer either to a document issued by a medical practitioner certifying the deceased state of a person or, popularly, to a document issued by a person such as a registrar of vital statistics that declares the date, location and cause of a person's death as later entered in an official register of deaths.
The Dicta Boelcke is a list of fundamental aerial maneuvers of aerial combat formulated by First World War German flying ace, Oswald Boelcke.
Discovery Channel (known as The Discovery Channel from 1985 to 1995, and often referred to as simply Discovery) is an American pay television channel that is the flagship television property of Discovery Inc., a publicly traded company run by CEO David Zaslav.
Donald Charles Cunnell (December 1893 – 12 July 1917) was a British First World War flying ace who was killed in action over Belgium.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The Eastern Front or Eastern Theater of World War I (Восточный фронт, Vostochnıy front, sometimes called the Second Fatherland War or Second Patriotic War (Вторая Отечественная война, Vtoraya Otechestvennaya voyna) in Russian sources) was a theatre of operations that encompassed at its greatest extent the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire and the German Empire on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south, included most of Eastern Europe and stretched deep into Central Europe as well. The term contrasts with "Western Front", which was being fought in Belgium and France. During 1910, Russian General Yuri Danilov developed "Plan 19" under which four armies would invade East Prussia. This plan was criticised as Austria-Hungary could be a greater threat than the German Empire. So instead of four armies invading East Prussia, the Russians planned to send two armies to East Prussia, and two Armies to defend against Austro-Hungarian forces invading from Galicia. In the opening months of the war, the Imperial Russian Army attempted an invasion of eastern Prussia in the northwestern theater, only to be beaten back by the Germans after some initial success. At the same time, in the south, they successfully invaded Galicia, defeating the Austro-Hungarian forces there. In Russian Poland, the Germans failed to take Warsaw. But by 1915, the German and Austro-Hungarian armies were on the advance, dealing the Russians heavy casualties in Galicia and in Poland, forcing it to retreat. Grand Duke Nicholas was sacked from his position as the commander-in-chief and replaced by the Tsar himself. Several offensives against the Germans in 1916 failed, including Lake Naroch Offensive and the Baranovichi Offensive. However, General Aleksei Brusilov oversaw a highly successful operation against Austria-Hungary that became known as the Brusilov Offensive, which saw the Russian Army make large gains. The Kingdom of Romania entered the war in August 1916. The Entente promised the region of Transylvania (which was part of Austria-Hungary) in return for Romanian support. The Romanian Army invaded Transylvania and had initial successes, but was forced to stop and was pushed back by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians when Bulgaria attacked them in the south. Meanwhile, a revolution occurred in Russia in February 1917 (one of the several causes being the hardships of the war). Tsar Nicholas II was forced to abdicate and a Russian Provisional Government was founded, with Georgy Lvov as its first leader, who was eventually replaced by Alexander Kerensky. The newly formed Russian Republic continued to fight the war alongside Romania and the rest of the Entente until it was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in October 1917. Kerensky oversaw the July Offensive, which was largely a failure and caused a collapse in the Russian Army. The new government established by the Bolsheviks signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, taking it out of the war and making large territorial concessions. Romania was also forced to surrender and signed a similar treaty, though both of the treaties were nullified with the surrender of the Central Powers in November 1918.
Sgt Edward David "Ted" Smout OAM (5 January 1898 – 22 June 2004) was an Australian soldier in the First World War.
Captain Edwin Louis Benbow (10 December 1895 – 30 May 1918) was an English flying ace during the First World War, credited with eight victories, comprising six destroyed and one shared destroyed, and one 'out of control'.
Erich Alfred Hartmann (19 April 1922 – 20 September 1993), nicknamed "Bubi" ("The Kid") by his German comrades and the "Black Devil" by his Soviet adversaries, was a German fighter pilot during World War II and the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial warfare.
Ernst Udet (26 April 1896 – 17 November 1941) was a German pilot and air force general during World War II.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Farman Aviation Works (Avions Farman) was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard, Henri, and Maurice Farman.
Feldflieger Abteilung (FFA, Field Flying Company) was the title of the pioneering field aviation units of what became the Luftstreitkräfte (German air service) by October 1916, during World War I.
Fern Andra, Dowager Barones von Weichs (November 24, 1893 – February 8, 1974) was an American actress, film director, script writer and producer.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
A fighter pilot is a military aviator trained to engage in air-to-air combat while in the cockpit of a fighter aircraft.
The First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) was the main expeditionary force of the Australian Army during World War I. It was formed on 15 August 1914, following Britain's declaration of war on Germany, initially with a strength of one infantry division and one light horse brigade.
A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat.
The Fokker D.VII was a German World War I fighter aircraft designed by Reinhold Platz of the Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
The Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker, "triplane" in German), often known simply as the Fokker Triplane, was a World War I fighter aircraft built by Fokker-Flugzeugwerke.
Fort Douaumont (French Fort de Douaumont) was the largest and highest fort on the ring of 19 large defensive works which had protected the city of Verdun, France since the 1890s.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Freiherr (male, abbreviated as Frhr.), Freifrau (his wife, abbreviated as Frfr., literally "free lord" or "free lady") and Freiin (his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility in the German-speaking areas of the Holy Roman Empire, and in its various successor states, including Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, etc.
Fricourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Fricourt German war cemetery is near the village of Fricourt, near Albert, in the French département of the Somme.
The Gallipolli Star is a military decoration awarded by the Ottoman Empire.
Generaloberst, in English Colonel General, was, in Germany and Austria-Hungary—the German Reichswehr and Wehrmacht, the Austro-Hungarian Common Army, and the East German National People's Army, as well as the respective police services—the second highest general officer rank, ranking above full general but below general field marshal.
Georges Guynemer (24 December 1894 – 11 September 1917 missing) was a top fighter ace for France with 54 victories during World War I, and a French national hero at the time of his death.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
This is a list of words, terms, concepts, and slogans that have been or are used by the German military.
The Halberstadt D.II was a biplane fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by German aircraft company Halberstädter Flugzeugwerke.
The Hanseatic Cross (Hanseatenkreuz) was a decoration of the three Hanseatic city-states of Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck, who were members of the German Empire during World War I. Each republic established its own version of the cross, but the design and award criteria were similar for each.
The House Order of Hohenzollern (Hausorden von Hohenzollern or Hohenzollernscher Hausorden) was a dynastic order of knighthood of the House of Hohenzollern awarded to military commissioned officers and civilians of comparable status.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
The ILA Berlin Air Show (German: Internationale Luft- und Raumfahrtausstellung (ILA)) combines a major trade exhibition for the aerospace and defence industries with a public airshow.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
The Imtiyaz Medal / Imtiaz Medal (İmtiyaz Madalyası) or Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Nişan-ı İmtiyaz) was an Ottoman military decoration, instituted in 1882.
The Invalids' Cemetery (Invalidenfriedhof) is one of the oldest cemeteries in Berlin.
The Iron Cross (abbreviated EK) is a former military decoration in the Kingdom of Prussia, and later in the German Empire (1871–1918) and Nazi Germany (1933–1945).
Jagdgeschwader 1 (JG 1) of World War I, was a fighter wing of the German Luftstreitkräfte, comprising four Jastas (fighter squadrons).
Jagdgeschwader 131 was a fighter wing of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe in World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 132 was a fighter wing of Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe before World War II.
Jagdgeschwader 2 (JG 2) "Richthofen" was a German fighter wing during World War II.
Royal Prussian Jagdstaffel 11 ("No 11 Fighter Squadron"; commonly abbreviated to Jasta 11) was founded on 28 September 1916 from elements of 4 Armee's Kampfeinsitzerkommandos (or KEKs) 1, 2 and 3 and mobilized on 11 October as part of the German Air Service's expansion program, forming permanent specialised fighter squadrons, or "Jastas".
Jasta 2 (Jagdstaffel Zwei in full and also known as Jasta Boelcke) was one of the best-known German Luftstreitkräfte Squadrons in World War I. Its first commanding officer was the great aerial tactician Oswald Boelcke, and it was the incubator of several notable aviation careers.
James Thomas Byford McCudden, (28 March 1895 – 9 July 1918) was an English flying ace of the First World War and among the most highly decorated airmen in British military history.
Leutnant Karl Allmenröder (3 May 1896 – 27 June 1917) was a German World War I flying ace.
Karl-Heinrich Bodenschatz (10 December 1890 – 25 August 1979) was a German general who was the adjutant to Manfred von Richthofen in World War I and the liaison officer between Hermann Göring and Adolf Hitler in World War II.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
The Kriegsmarine (literally "War Navy") was the navy of Germany from 1935 to 1945.
Lanoe George Hawker, (30 December 1890 – 23 November 1916) was a British flying ace of the First World War.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
The Liakat Medal (Liyakat Madalyasi) translated as "Medal of Merit," was a decoration of the Ottoman Empire established in 1890.
Manfred Albrecht Freiherr von Richthofen (2 May 1892 – 21 April 1918), widely known as the Red Baron, is considered the ace-of-aces of the First World War, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories, more than any other pilot of the war – before being killed in action near Amiens on 21 April 1918.
The following are lists of World War I flying aces.
Lothar Freiherr von Richthofen (born Lothar Siegfried Freiherr von Richthofen; 27 September 1894 – 4 July 1922) was a German First World War fighter ace credited with 40 victories.
Lower Silesia (Dolny Śląsk; Dolní Slezsko; Silesia Inferior; Niederschlesien; Silesian German: Niederschläsing; Dolny Ślůnsk) is the northwestern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia; Upper Silesia is to the southeast.
The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte (German Air Force)—known before October 1916 as the Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (Imperial German Flying Corps) or simply Die Fliegertruppe—was the World War I (1914–18) air arm of the German Army, of which it remained an integral part.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Edward Corringham "Mick" Mannock (24 May 1887 – 26 July 1918) was a British flying ace in the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force during the First World War.
A military funeral is a memorial or burial rite given by a country's military for a soldier, sailor, marine or airman who died in battle, a veteran, or other prominent military figures or heads of state.
The Military Merit Cross (Militärverdienstkreuz, Katonai Érdemkereszt, Vojni križ za zasluge) was a decoration of the Empire of Austria and, after the establishment of the Dual Monarchy in 1867, the Empire of Austria-Hungary.
The Bavarian Military Merit Order (Militär-Verdienstorden) was established on July 19, 1866 by King Ludwig II of Bavaria.
The Military Merit Order (Militärverdienstorden) was a military order of the Kingdom of Württemberg, which joined the German Empire in 1871.
The Military Order of St.
The missing man formation (sometimes instead flyby or flypast) is an aerial salute performed as part of a flypast of aircraft at a funeral or memorial event, typically in memory of a fallen pilot, a well-known military service member or veteran, or a well-known political figure.
Morlancourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
The New York Daily News, officially titled Daily News, is an American newspaper based in New York City.
Nieuport, later Nieuport-Delage, was a French aeroplane company that primarily built racing aircraft before World War I and fighter aircraft during World War I and between the wars.
Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary.
Norman Leslie Robert Franks (born 1940) is an English militaria writer who specialises in aviation topics.
Nova (stylized NOVΛ) is an American popular science television series produced by WGBH Boston.
The Order of Bravery (Орден за Храброст) is a Bulgarian order during the Kingdom of Bulgaria and the Republic of Bulgaria.
The Austrian Imperial Order of the Iron Crown (Kaiserlicher Orden der Eisernen Krone; Ordine imperiale della Corona ferrea) was one of the highest orders of merit of Austria and Austria-Hungary until 1918.
The Order of the Red Eagle (Roter Adlerorden) was an order of chivalry of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Ostrów Wielkopolski (often abbreviated Ostrów Wlkp., formerly called only Ostrów, Ostrowo, Latin: Ostrovia) is a city in central Poland with 72,360 inhabitants (2008), situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship; the seat of Ostrów Wielkopolski County.
Oswald Boelcke (19 May 1891 – 28 October 1916) PLM was a German flying ace of the First World War credited with 40 victories; he was one of the most influential patrol leaders and tacticians of the early years of air combat.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
A pallbearer is one of several participants that help carry the casket at a funeral.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The Pour le Mérite (French, literally "For Merit") is an order of merit (Verdienstorden) established in 1740 by King Frederick II of Prussia.
Project Gutenberg (PG) is a volunteer effort to digitize and archive cultural works, to "encourage the creation and distribution of eBooks".
The Province of Silesia (Provinz Schlesien; Prowincja Śląska; Silesian: Prowincyjŏ Ślōnskŏ) was a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia, existing from 1815 to 1919, when it was divided into the Upper and Lower Silesia provinces, and briefly again from 1938 to 1941.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Royal Prussian Army (Königlich Preußische Armee) served as the army of the Kingdom of Prussia.
Raymond Collishaw, (22 November 1893 – 28 September 1976) was a distinguished Canadian fighter pilot, squadron leader, and commanding officer who served in the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) and later the Royal Air Force.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Colonel René Paul Fonck (27 March 1894 – 18 June 1953) was a French aviator who ended the First World War as the top ''Allied'' fighter ace, and when all succeeding aerial conflicts of the 20th and 21st centuries are also considered, Fonck still holds the title of "all-time Allied Ace of Aces".
Richthofen is the surname of a prominent German aristocratic family.
Rittmeister (German for "riding master" or "cavalry master") was a military rank of a commissioned cavalry officer in the armies of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Scandinavia, and some other countries.
Captain Arthur Roy Brown,, (23 December 1893 – 9 March 1944) was a Canadian First World War flying ace credited with ten aerial victories.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
Between 1911 and 1914, the Royal Aircraft Factory used the F.E.2 (Farman Experimental 2) designation for three quite different aircraft that shared only a common "Farman" pusher biplane layout.
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 was a British single-seat fighter of the First World War designed at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 was a British two-seat biplane reconnaissance and bomber aircraft of the First World War designed and produced at the Royal Aircraft Factory.
The Royal Australian Army Medical Corps (RAAMC) is the branch of the Australian Army responsible for providing medical care to Army personnel.
The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery, normally referred to as the Royal Australian Artillery (RAA), is a Regiment of the Australian Army descended from the original colonial artillery units prior to Australia's federation.
The Royal Canadian Military Institute (RCMI) is a private members’ organization located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
The Saxe-Ernestine House Order (Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden).
A seaplane tender is a boat or ship that supports the operation of seaplanes.
Secret History is a long-running British television documentary series.
Willy John "Snowy" Evans (–1925) was a Lewis machine gunner in the Royal Australian Artillery (RAA) during World War I. Unsolved History, produced by Discovery Channel credited him with firing the shot that killed Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), near Vaux-sur-Somme, France on 21 April 1918.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
The Sopwith Camel was a British First World War single-seat biplane fighter aircraft introduced on the Western Front in 1917.
South Cemetery Wiesbaden (Südfriedhof Wiesbaden) is a cemetery in Wiesbaden, Germany.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A squadron was historically a cavalry subunit, a company sized military formation.
A squadron in air force, army aviation, or naval aviation is a unit comprising a number of military aircraft and their aircrews, usually of the same type, typically with 12 to 24 aircraft, sometimes divided into three or four flights, depending on aircraft type and air force.
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance.
Taktisches Luftwaffengeschwader 71 "Richthofen", formerly known as Jagdgeschwader 71 (JG 71) Richthofen is a Fighter wing of the German Air Force.
Target fixation is an attentional phenomenon observed in humans in which an individual becomes so focused on an observed object (be it a target or hazard) that they inadvertently increase their risk of colliding with the object.
The Australian is a broadsheet newspaper published in Australia from Monday to Saturday each week since 14 July 1964.
The Lancet is a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal.
Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the "Red Baron", was a fighter pilot with the German Air Force during World War I and one of the most famous aviators in history, as well as the subject of many books, films and other media.
The Red Fighter Pilot (German: Der Rote Kampfflieger) is a book written by Manfred von Richthofen, a famous German fighter pilot who is considered the top scoring ace of the First World War, being officially credited with 80 air combat victories.
Tom Rees (18 May 1895 – 17 September 1916) was a British Army officer who served in the Royal Flying Corps during the First World War.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as intracranial injury, occurs when an external force injures the brain.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
A triplane is a fixed-wing aircraft equipped with three vertical stacked wing planes.
Uhlans (Polish: Ułan; German: Ulan) were Polish light cavalry armed with lances, sabres and pistols.
The University of Texas at Austin (UT, UT Austin, or Texas) is a public research university and the flagship institution of the University of Texas System.
Unsolved History is an American documentary television series that aired from 2002 to 2005.
Vaux-sur-Somme is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The War Merit Cross Kriegsverdienstkreuz) also known as the Ernst-Augustkreuz, was a military decoration of the Duchy of Brunswick. The Cross was established 23 October 1914 by Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick. The cross was awarded to all ranks for distinction in war. On 20 March 1918, a first class of the Cross was created in pinback form, with the existing Cross becoming the second class. This brought the Cross in line with awards of other German States like Prussia with the Iron Cross. The cross was awarded on a blue ribbon with yellow stripes for combatants and on a yellow ribbon with blue stripes for non-combatants. The Brunswick War Merit Cross is a bronze cross pattée. At the center of the Cross on the obverse are the letters EA for Duke Ernest Augustus. On the horizontal arms of the cross are sprays of oak leaves. The top arm of the cross bears the Brunswick crown, with the date 1914 on the lower arm of the cross. On the reverse is the inscription in three lines Für, Verdienst im, Kriege (For Merit in War) on the top, horizontal and lower arms of the cross, respectively.
The War Merit Cross (Kriegsverdienstkreuz) was a military decoration of the Principality of Lippe.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Werner Voss (13 April 1897 – 23 September 1917) was a World War I German flying ace credited with 48 aerial victories.
Wervik is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wiesbaden is a city in central western Germany and the capital of the federal state of Hesse.
Wilhelm "Willi" Reinhard (12 March 1891 – 3 July 1918) was a German pilot during World War I. Reinhard was born in Düsseldorf and became a flying ace during the war, credited with 20 victories.
Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 – 12 July 1945) was a German field marshal of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) during World War II.
Wilfrid Reid "Wop" May (March 20, 1896 – June 21, 1952), was a Canadian flying ace in the First World War and a leading post-war aviator.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The Wound Badge (Verwundetenabzeichen) was a military decoration first promulgated by Wilhelm II, German Emperor on 3 March 1918, which was awarded to wounded or frostbitten soldiers of the Imperial German Army, during World War I. Between the world wars, it was awarded to members of the German armed forces who fought on the Nationalist side of the Spanish Civil War, 1938–39, and received combat related wounds.
Wrocław (Breslau; Vratislav; Vratislavia) is the largest city in western Poland.
A yoke, alternatively known as a control wheel is a device used for piloting some fixed-wing aircraft.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
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