209 relations: Aam panna, Aamras, Aavakaaya, Africa, Agriculture, Aguas frescas, Akbar, Alpha-Carotene, Alphonso (mango), Ambika (Jainism), Amchoor, Anacardiaceae, Anaphylaxis, Andalusia, Andhra Pradesh, Australia, Australian Associated Press, Avocado, Ayurveda, Bagoong, Banana, Bangladesh, Basic research, Bell pepper, Bermuda, Beta-Carotene, Black pepper, Brazil, Buttermilk, Caffeic acid, Canker, Cantaloupe, Caribbean, Carotenoid, Cashew, Central America, Chamoy, Chapati, Chili pepper, Chili sauce, China, Chutney, Coachella Valley, Coconut, Condensed milk, Cultivar, Cultural Revolution, Dal, Darbhanga, Dermatitis, ..., Desiccation, Dravidian languages, Dried shrimp, Drupe, East Africa, Ester, Ethylene, Europe, Evergreen, Fenugreek, Fiber, Fish sauce, Flavan-3-ol, Flavor, Flower, Flowering plant, Folate, Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India, Frooti, Frost, Fruit, Fungicide, Gallic acid, Ganesh Chaturthi, Ganesha, Germination, Grafting, Granola, Guava, Gujarat, Gums, Guntur, Haden (mango), Hendrik van Rheede, Hortus Malabaricus, Ibn Battuta, Ice cream, India, Indian yellow, Indigenous (ecology), Israel, Jackfruit, Jainism, Jamaica, Juice, Kaempferol, Kanchipuram, Kashmir, Kālidāsa, Kidney, Lactone, Lassi, Leaf, Leather, List of mango cultivars, List of mango diseases, List of national fruits, List of national trees, Lupeol, Lutein, Maaza, Malabar region, Malayalam, Mangifera, Mangifera foetida, Mangifera indica, Mangiferin, Mango mealybug, Mango pickle, Mao Zedong, Mexico, Milkshake, Mogadishu, Monoembryony, Morocco, Motif (textile arts), Muesli, Murabba, Mustard seed, Nectar (drink), New World, Nutrient, Old World, Orchard, Ornamental plant, Paisley (design), Pakistan, Panicle, Pathogenic fungus, Peanut oil, Peel (fruit), Philippines, Phytochemical, Pickling, Pie, Pigment, Plum, Poison oak, Polyphenol, Portuguese language, Province of Málaga, Pumpkin seed, Puri (food), Purple mangosteen, Quercetin, Rajshahi, Recalcitrant seed, Reference Daily Intake, Refrigeration, Resin, Rice vinegar, Roundabout, Salt, Saraswati, Sari, Seed, Shan-e-Khuda, Shave ice, Shaved ice, Shelf life, Silk, Slice (drink), Smoothie, Sorbetes, South Asia, South Asian pickles, South India, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Soy sauce, Spain, Spice trade, Tamarind, Tamil Nadu, Tannin, Taproot, Terpene, The Oxford Companion to Food, The Sydney Morning Herald, Thirteen Colonies, Tommy Atkins (mango), Tonne, Toxicodendron radicans, Toxicodendron vernix, Tree, Triterpene, Tropics, Turpentine, United Nations, Urine, Urushiol, Vinegar, Vitamin C, West Indies, Winston-Salem Journal, Xanthonoid, Zoroastrianism, 2-Furanone. Expand index (159 more) » « Shrink index
Aam pana is an Indian drink renowned for its heat-resistant properties.
Aamras or Amras is the pulp of the tropical fruit mango eaten in the Indian subcontinent.
Aavakaaya is a variety of Indian pickle popular in South India with its origin in Andhra Pradesh.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Aguas frescas (Spanish for "cool waters", or literally "fresh waters") are light non-alcoholic beverages made from one or more fruits, cereals, flowers, or seeds blended with sugar and water.
Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I, was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605.
α-Carotene is a form of carotene with a β-ionone ring at one end and an α-ionone ring at the opposite end.
Alphonso mango is a seasonal fruit, considered to be among the most superior varieties of the fruit in terms of sweetness, richness and flavour.
In Jainism, Ambika (अम्बिका, "Mother") or Ambika Devi (अम्बिका देवी "the Goddess-Mother") is the Yakṣi "dedicated attendant deity" or "protector goddess" of the 22nd Tirthankara, Neminatha.
Amchoor or aamchur, also referred to as mango powder, is a fruity spice powder made from dried unripe green mangoes and is used as a citrusy seasoning.
The Anacardiaceae, commonly known as the cashew family or sumac family, are a family of flowering plants, including about 83 genera with about 860 known species.
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
Andhra Pradesh is one of the 29 states of India.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.
Australian Associated Press (AAP) is an Australian news agency.
The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico, classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.
Ayurveda is a system of medicine with historical roots in the Indian subcontinent.
Bagoóng (Ilocano: bugguong) is a Philippine condiment partially or completely made of either fermented fish (bagoóng isdâ) or krill (bagoóng alamáng) with salt.
A banana is an edible fruit – botanically a berry – produced by several kinds of large herbaceous flowering plants in the genus Musa.
Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ, lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ), is a country in South Asia.
Basic research, also called pure research or fundamental research, has the scientific research aim to improve scientific theories for improved understanding or prediction of natural or other phenomena.
The bell pepper (also known as sweet pepper, pepper or capsicum) is a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
β-Carotene is an organic, strongly colored red-orange pigment abundant in plants and fruits.
Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning, known as a peppercorn.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Buttermilk refers to a number of dairy drinks.
Caffeic acid is an organic compound that is classified as a hydroxycinnamic acid.
Canker generally refers to many different plant diseases of such broadly similar symptoms as the appearance of small areas of dead tissue, which grow slowly, often over years.
Cantaloupe (muskmelon, mushmelon, rockmelon, sweet melon) or spanspek (South Africa) is a variety of the Cucumis melo species in the Cucurbitaceae family.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
Carotenoids, also called tetraterpenoids, are organic pigments that are produced by plants and algae, as well as several bacteria and fungi.
The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.
Central America (América Central, Centroamérica) is the southernmost, isthmian portion of the North American continent, which connects with the South American continent on the southeast.
Chamoy refers to a variety of savory sauces and condiments in Mexican cuisine made from pickled fruit.
Chapati (alternatively spelled chapatti, chappati, chapathi, or chappathi), also known as roti, safati, shabaati, phulka and (in the Maldives) roshi, is an unleavened flatbread from the Indian Subcontinent and staple in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, East Africa and the Caribbean.
The chili pepper (also chile pepper, chilli pepper, or simply chilli) from Nahuatl chīlli) is the fruit of plants from the genus Capsicum, members of the nightshade family, Solanaceae. They are widely used in many cuisines to add spiciness to dishes. The substances that give chili peppers their intensity when ingested or applied topically are capsaicin and related compounds known as capsaicinoids. Chili peppers originated in Mexico. After the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Worldwide in 2014, 32.3 million tonnes of green chili peppers and 3.8 million tonnes of dried chili peppers were produced. China is the world's largest producer of green chillies, providing half of the global total.
Chili sauce is a condiment prepared with chili peppers and sometimes red tomato as primary ingredients.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Coachella Valley is a desert valley in Southern California which extends for approximately in Riverside County southeast from the San Bernardino Mountains to the northern shore of the Salton Sea.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Condensed milk is cow's milk from which water has been removed.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976.
Dal (also spelled daal, dail, dhal; pronunciation) is a term in the Indian subcontinent for dried, split pulses (that is, lentils, peas, and beans).
Darbhanga was, as of 2011, the sixth-largest urban agglomeration in the Indian state of Bihar with a population of nearly three lakh people.
Dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a group of diseases that results in inflammation of the skin.
Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying.
The Dravidian languages are a language family spoken mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India, as well as in Sri Lanka with small pockets in southwestern Pakistan, southern Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and overseas in other countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
Dried shrimp are shrimp that have been sun-dried and shrunk to a thumbnail size.
In botany, a drupe (or stone fruit) is an indehiscent fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a single shell (the pit, stone, or pyrene) of hardened endocarp with a seed (kernel) inside.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
In chemistry, an ester is a chemical compound derived from an acid (organic or inorganic) in which at least one –OH (hydroxyl) group is replaced by an –O–alkyl (alkoxy) group.
Ethylene (IUPAC name: ethene) is a hydrocarbon which has the formula or H2C.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
In botany, an evergreen is a plant that has leaves throughout the year, always green.
Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with leaves consisting of three small obovate to oblong leaflets.
Fiber or fibre (see spelling differences, from the Latin fibra) is a natural or synthetic substance that is significantly longer than it is wide.
Fish sauce is a condiment made from fish coated in salt and fermented from weeks to up to two years.
Flavan-3-ols (sometimes referred to as flavanols) are derivatives of flavans that use the 2-phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-chromen-3-ol skeleton.
Flavor (American English) or flavour (British English; see spelling differences) is the sensory impression of food or other substance, and is determined primarily by the chemical senses of taste and smell.
A flower, sometimes known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms).
The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.
Folate, distinct forms of which are known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B9, is one of the B vitamins.
The Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database (FAOSTAT) website disseminates statistical data collected and maintained by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an autonomous body established under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
Frooti is the largest-selling mango flavoured drink in India.
Frost is the coating or deposit of ice that may form in humid air in cold conditions, usually overnight.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
Fungicides are biocidal chemical compounds or biological organisms used to kill parasitic fungi or their spores.
Gallic acid (also known as 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid) is a trihydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, found in gallnuts, sumac, witch hazel, tea leaves, oak bark, and other plants.
Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST), also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi is the Hindu festival that reveres god Ganesha.
Ganesha (गणेश), also known as Ganapati, Vinayaka, Pillaiyar and Binayak, is one of the best-known and most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon.
Germination is the process by which an organism grows from a seed or similar structure.
Grafting or graftage is a horticultural technique whereby tissues of plants are joined so as to continue their growth together.
Granola is a breakfast food and snack food consisting of rolled oats, nuts, honey or other sweeteners such as brown sugar, and sometimes puffed rice, that is usually baked until it is crisp, toasted and golden brown.
Guavas (singular guava) are common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
The gums or gingiva (plural: gingivae), consist of the mucosal tissue that lies over the mandible and maxilla inside the mouth.
Guntur; is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.
The 'Haden' mango (or, 'Hayden') is a named mango cultivar that became one of the most widely cultivated in the world after it was introduced in the early 20th century through south Florida.
Hendrik Adriaan van Rheede tot Drakenstein (Amsterdam, 13 April 1636 – at sea, 15 December 1691) was a military man and a colonial administrator of the Dutch East India Company and naturalist.
Hortus Malabaricus (meaning "Garden of Malabar") is a comprehensive treatise that deals with the properties of the flora of the Western Ghats region principally covering the areas now in the Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka and the union territory of Goa.
Ibn Battuta (محمد ابن بطوطة; fully; Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد بن عبد الله اللواتي الطنجي بن بطوطة) (February 25, 13041368 or 1369) was a Moroccan scholar who widely travelled the medieval world.
Ice cream (derived from earlier iced cream or cream ice) is a sweetened frozen food typically eaten as a snack or dessert.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian yellow, also called euxanthin or euxanthine, is a xanthonoid.
In biogeography, a species is defined as indigenous to a given region or ecosystem if its presence in that region is the result of only natural process, with no human intervention.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
The jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), also known as jack tree, fenne, jakfruit, or sometimes simply jack or jak, is a species of tree in the fig, mulberry, and breadfruit family (Moraceae) native to southwest India.
Jainism, traditionally known as Jain Dharma, is an ancient Indian religion.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea.
Juice is a drink made from the extraction or pressing of the natural liquid contained in fruit and vegetables.
Kaempferol is a natural flavonol, a type of flavonoid, found in a variety of plants and plant-derived foods.
Kanchipuram also known as Kānchi is a city in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu in Tondaimandalam region, from Chennaithe capital of Tamil Nadu.
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent.
Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
Lactones are cyclic esters of hydroxycarboxylic acids, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.
Lassi is a popular traditional dahi (yogurt)-based drink that originated in the Indian subcontinent.
A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem.
Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhides, mostly cattle hide.
Worldwide, hundreds of mango cultivars exist.
This article is a list of diseases of mangos (Mangifera indica).
This list of national fruits is arranged alphabetically by country.
This is a list of national trees, most official, but some unofficial.
Lupeol is a pharmacologically active triterpenoid.
Lutein (Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. from Latin luteus meaning "yellow") is a xanthophyll and one of 600 known naturally occurring carotenoids.
Maaza (Hindi: माज़ा, Bengali: মজা, Tamil:மாஸா) is a Coca-Cola fruit drink brand originated in India and marketed in Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia, the most popular drink being the mango variety, so much that over the years, the Maaza brand has become synonymous with Mango.
Malabar region refers to the historic and geographic area of southwest India covering the state of Kerala's present day Kasaragod, Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram and Palakkad Districts.
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken across the Indian state of Kerala by the Malayali people and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India.
Mangifera is a genus of flowering plants in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae.
Mangifera foetida (also called horse mango, malmut, limus, bachang and machang) is a species of plant in the family Anacardiaceae.
Mangifera indica, commonly known as mango, is a species of flowering plant in the sumac and poison ivy family Anacardiaceae.
Mangiferin is a xanthonoid.
Mango mealybug (Drosicha mangiferae), is a pest of mango crops in Asia.
A mango pickle is a variety of pickle prepared using mango.
Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893September 9, 1976), commonly known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage that is usually made from milk, ice cream, or iced milk, and flavorings or sweeteners such as butterscotch, caramel sauce, chocolate syrup, or fruit syrup.
Mogadishu (Muqdisho), known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia.
Monoembryony is the emergence of one and only one seedling from a seed.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
In the textile arts, a motif (also called a block or square) is a smaller element in a much larger work.
Muesli; Swiss German: Müesli, non-Swiss Standard German: Müsli) is a breakfast and brunch dish based on raw rolled oats and other ingredients like grains, fresh or dried fruits, seeds and nuts, that may be mixed with cow's milk, soy milk, almond milk, other plant milks, yogurt, or fruit juice. Developed around 1900 by Swiss physician Maximilian Bircher-Benner for patients in his hospital, muesli is available ready-made in a packaged dry form, or it can be made fresh. In Switzerland and Germany, it is also eaten as a light evening dish called Birchermüesli complet, or muesli with butterbrot and coffee with milk.
Murabba (from مربة, murabba "jam", "fruit preserves"; մուրաբա, muraba, mürəbbə, მურაბა, muraba, मुरब्बा, murabbā, মোরব্বা, morobbā, مربا, morrabâ, мураббо, murabbo, مربا, murabbo) refers to sweet fruit preserve which is popular in many regions of Caucasus, Central Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East.
Mustard seeds are the small round seeds of various mustard plants.
Nectars are a type of non-carbonated soft drink made by muddling the flesh of fruits.
The New World is one of the names used for the majority of Earth's Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas (including nearby islands such as those of the Caribbean and Bermuda).
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
The term "Old World" is used in the West to refer to Africa, Asia and Europe (Afro-Eurasia or the World Island), regarded collectively as the part of the world known to its population before contact with the Americas and Oceania (the "New World").
An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production.
Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens and landscape design projects, as houseplants, for cut flowers and specimen display.
Paisley or paisley pattern is an ornamental design using the buta (بته) or boteh, a teardrop-shaped motif with a curved upper end.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
A panicle is a much-branched inflorescence.
Pathogenic fungi are fungi that cause disease in humans or other organisms.
Peanut oil, also known as groundnut oil or arachis oil, is a mild-tasting vegetable oil derived from peanuts.
Peel, also known as rind or skin, is the outer protective layer of a fruit or vegetable which can be peeled off.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants, generally to help them thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens.
Pickling is the process of preserving or expanding the lifespan of food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in vinegar.
A pie is a baked dish which is usually made of a pastry dough casing that covers or completely contains a filling of various sweet or savoury ingredients.
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption.
A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit).
Poison oak refers to two plant species in the genus Toxicodendron.
Polyphenols (also known as polyhydroxyphenols) are a structural class of mainly natural, but also synthetic or semisynthetic, organic chemicals characterized by the presence of large multiples of phenol structural units.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
The Province of Málaga (Provincia de Málaga) is located on the southern mediterranean coast of Spain, in Andalusia.
A pumpkin seed, also known as a pepita (from the Mexican pepita de calabaza, "little seed of squash"), is the edible seed of a pumpkin or certain other cultivars of squash.
Poori (also spelled Puri) is an unleavened deep-fried bread, originating from the Indian subcontinent.
The purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana), known simply as mangosteen, is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands of the Malay archipelago and the Moluccas of Indonesia.
Quercetin, a plant flavonol from the flavonoid group of polyphenols, is found in many fruits, vegetables, leaves, and grains; red onions and kale are common foods containing appreciable content of quercetin.
Rajshahi (রাজশাহী,; historically Rampur Boalia; nicknamed Silk City) is a metropolitan city in Bangladesh and a major urban, commercial and educational centre of North Bengal.
Recalcitrant seeds (subsequently known as unorthodox seeds) are seeds that do not survive drying and freezing during ex-situ conservation and vice versa.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
Refrigeration is a process of removing heat from a low-temperature reservoir and transferring it to a high-temperature reservoir.
In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.
Rice vinegar is a vinegar made from fermented rice in China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.
A roundabout, also called a traffic circle, road circle, rotary, rotunda or island, is a type of circular intersection or junction in which road traffic flows almost continuously in one direction around a central island.
Salt, table salt or common salt is a mineral composed primarily of sodium chloride (NaCl), a chemical compound belonging to the larger class of salts; salt in its natural form as a crystalline mineral is known as rock salt or halite.
Saraswati (सरस्वती) is the Hindu goddess of knowledge, music, art, wisdom and learning worshipped throughout Nepal and India.
A sari, saree, or shariThe name of the garment in various regional languages include:শাড়ি, साड़ी, ଶାଢୀ, ಸೀರೆ,, साडी, कापड, चीरे,, സാരി, साडी, सारी, ਸਾਰੀ, புடவை, చీర, ساڑى is a female garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of a drape varying from five to nine yards (4.5 metres to 8 metres) in length and two to four feet (60 cm to 1.20 m) in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, baring the midriff.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Shan-e-Khuda is a type of mango which is cultivated in some parts of Pakistan, specifically in the Multan and Rahim Yar Khan districts.
Shave ice or Hawaiian shave ice is an ice-based dessert made by shaving a block of ice.
Shaved ice is a large family of ice-based dessert made of fine shavings of ice or finely crushed ice and sweet condiments or syrups.
Shelf life is the length of time that a commodity may be stored without becoming unfit for use, consumption, or sale.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Slice is a line of fruit-flavored soft drinks manufactured by PepsiCo and introduced in 1984 and discontinued in the late 2000s.
A smoothie (occasionally spelled smoothee or smoothy) is a thick, cold beverage made from pureed raw fruit (and sometimes vegetables) blended with ice cream or frozen yogurt, along with other ingredients such as water, crushed ice, fruit juice, sweeteners (e.g. honey, sugar, stevia, syrup), dairy products (e.g. milk, yogurt, or cottage cheese, whey powder), plant milk, nuts, nut butter, seeds, tea, chocolate, herbal supplements, or nutritional supplements.
Sorbetes is the traditional variation of ice cream made in the Philippines.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
South Asian pickles are foods pickled from certain varieties of vegetables and fruits, finely chopped and marinated in brine or edible oils along with various Indian spices.
South India is the area encompassing the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana as well as the union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
Soy sauce (also called soya sauce in British English) is a liquid condiment of Chinese origin, made from a fermented paste of soybeans, roasted grain, brine, and Aspergillus oryzae or Aspergillus sojae molds.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The spice trade refers to the trade between historical civilizations in Asia, Northeast Africa and Europe.
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree in the family Fabaceae indigenous to tropical Africa.
Tamil Nadu (• tamiḻ nāḍu ? literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India.
Tannins (or tannoids) are a class of astringent, polyphenolic biomolecules that bind to and precipitate proteins and various other organic compounds including amino acids and alkaloids.
A taproot is a large, central, and dominant root from which other roots sprout laterally.
Terpenes are a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants, particularly conifers, and by some insects.
The Oxford Companion to Food is an encyclopedia about food.
The Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) is a daily compact newspaper published by Fairfax Media in Sydney, Australia.
The Thirteen Colonies were a group of British colonies on the east coast of North America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries that declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America.
Tommy Atkins is a mango cultivar.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
Toxicodendron radicans, commonly known as eastern poison ivy or poison ivy, is a poisonous Asian and Eastern North American flowering plant that is well-known for causing urushiol-induced contact dermatitis, an itchy, irritating, and sometimes painful rash, in most people who touch it.
Toxicodendron vernix, commonly known as poison sumac, is a woody shrub or small tree growing to 9 m (30 ft) tall.
In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.
Triterpenes are a class of chemical compounds composed of three terpene units with the molecular formula C30H48; they may also be thought of as consisting of six isoprene units.
The tropics are a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator.
Chemical structure of pinene, a major component of turpentine Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine and colloquially turps) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from live trees, mainly pines.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Urushiol is an oily mixture of organic compounds with allergic properties found in plants of the family Anacardiaceae, especially Toxicodendron spp. (e.g., poison oak, Lacquer Tree, poison ivy, poison sumac) and also in parts of the mango tree.
Vinegar is a liquid consisting of about 5–20% acetic acid (CH3COOH), water (H2O), and trace chemicals that may include flavorings.
Vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid and L-ascorbic acid, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
The West Indies or the Caribbean Basin is a region of the North Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean that includes the island countries and surrounding waters of three major archipelagoes: the Greater Antilles, the Lesser Antilles and the Lucayan Archipelago.
The Winston-Salem Journal is an American daily newspaper primarily serving the city of Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and its county, Forsyth County, North Carolina.
A xanthonoid is a chemical natural phenolic compound formed from the xanthone backbone.
Zoroastrianism, or more natively Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest extant religions, which is monotheistic in having a single creator god, has dualistic cosmology in its concept of good and evil, and has an eschatology which predicts the ultimate destruction of evil.
2-Furanone is a heterocyclic organic compound.