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ABS-CBN Corporation, commonly known as ABS-CBN, is a Filipino media and entertainment group based in Quezon City. It is the Philippines' largest entertainment and media conglomerate in terms of revenue, operating income, net income, assets, equity, market capitalization, and number of employees. ABS-CBN was formed by the merger of Alto Broadcasting System and Chronicle Broadcasting Network. ABS was founded in 1946 by American electronics engineer James Lindenberg as Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC). In 1952, BEC was renamed Alto Broadcasting System (ABS), after Judge Antonio Quirino, brother of President Elpidio Quirino, purchased the company. The company that would later be merged with ABS was founded in 1956 as Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) by newspaper mogul Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and his brother Fernando Lopez (then Vice President of the Philippines). The two companies were merged and incorporated as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation on 1 February 1967, and renamed ABS-CBN Corporation in 2010 to reflect the company's diversification. The common shares of ABS-CBN were first traded on the Philippine Stock Exchange in July 1992 under the ticker symbol ABS. The group owns and operates the ABS-CBN and ABS-CBN Sports+Action national television networks as well as the Radyo Patrol and My Only Radio regional radio networks. The ABS-CBN television network, in particular, is the largest contributor to the group's revenue, generating about 50 to 60 percent of the group's total annual revenue mainly from selling airtime to advertisers. The remaining revenue is generated from consumer sales, mainly from ABS-CBN Global Ltd. which distributes international television channels such as The Filipino Channel and Myx TV and from pay TV and broadband internet provider Sky. Other companies under the ABS-CBN group are motion picture company Star Cinema, music recording label Star Music, publishing firm ABS-CBN Publishing, pay TV content provider and distributor Creative Programs, and talent agency Star Magic. Among the pay TV networks and channels under the ABS-CBN group are ABS-CBN HD, ABS-CBN News Channel, ABS-CBN Sports+Action HD, Cinema One, Jeepney TV, Metro Channel, Liga, and Myx. In recent years, ABS-CBN has ventured and diversified in other businesses such as cellular telephony provider ABS-CBN Mobile, video on demand platform I Want TV, digital terrestrial television service ABS-CBN TV Plus, family entertainment center Kidzania Manila, and home shopping network O Shopping. ABS-CBN is also the principal owner of ABS-CBN Philharmonic Orchestra.
ABS-CBN News (formerly ABS-CBN News and Public Affairs and ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs) is the news division of Philippine media conglomerate ABS-CBN.
Acapulco de Juárez, commonly called Acapulco, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, south of Mexico City.
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into Earth's atmosphere.
Alfredo "Fred" Siojo Lim (born 21 December 1929) is a Chinese Filipino politician who served as Mayor of the City of Manila from 1992-98, and 2007-13, and senator of the Philippines from 2004-07.
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
The Angono Petroglyphs (Filipino: Mga Petroglipo ng Angono) is the oldest known work of art in the Philippines.
, officially the, (name), or simply known as City, is a settlement_text and the capital of the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Antonio de Jesus Villegas (January 9, 1928 – November 16, 1984) was a Filipino Mayor of Manila from 1962 to 1971.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Arsenio H. Lacson (December 26, 1912 – April 15, 1962) was a Filipino journalist and politician who gained widespread attention as Mayor of Manila from 1952 to 1962.
Asia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966, which is headquartered in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines.
Astana (Астана, Astana) is the capital city of Kazakhstan.
The Ateneo de Manila University (Filipino: Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila; Spanish: Universidad Ateneo de Manila) is a private research university in Quezon City, Philippines.
The Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory (AOML), a federal research laboratory, is part of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR), located in Miami, Florida.
Australoid (also Australasian, Australo-Melanesian, Veddoid,Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, Paolo Menozzi, Alberto Piazza, The History and Geography of Human Genes (1994),. R. P. Pathak, Education in the Emerging India (2007),.) is a broad racial classification introduced by Thomas Huxley in 1870 to refer to certain peoples indigenous to South and Southeast Asia and Oceania.
An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.
The Ayuntamiento de Manila is a building located at the corner of Andrés Soriano Avenue (formerly Calle Aduana) and Cabildo Street, fronting Plaza de Roma in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines.
George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935.
Bacoor, officially the City of Bacoor (Lungsod ng Bacoor), is a first-class urban component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines.
The Bahay Tsinoy is a building in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines which houses the Kaisa-Angelo King Heritage Center, a museum documents the history, lives and contributions of the ethnic Chinese in the Philippine life and history.
The Bahá'í Faith (بهائی) is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, and the unity and equality of all people.
The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (commonly abbreviated as BSP in both Filipino and English) is the central bank of the Philippines.
Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand.
A barangay ((abbreviated as Brgy. or Bgy.), formerly referred to as barrio, is the smallest administrative division in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village, district or ward. In metropolitan areas, the term often refers to an inner city neighbourhood, a suburb or a suburban neighborhood. The word barangay originated from balangay, a kind of boat used by a group of Austronesian peoples when they migrated to the Philippines. Municipalities and cities in the Philippines are subdivided into barangays, with the exception of the municipalities of Adams in Ilocos Norte and Kalayaan, Palawan which each contain only one barangay. The barangay itself is sometimes informally subdivided into smaller areas called purok (English: "zone"), barangay zones consisting of a cluster of houses, and sitios, which are territorial enclaves—usually rural—far from the barangay center., there were 42,029 barangays throughout the Philippines.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Baseball Philippines is a start-up baseball circuit established in 2007 by a joint venture between Community Sports Incorporated and Pureplay Sports Management Incorporated in partnership with the Philippine Amateur Baseball Association and sanctioned by the Philippine Sports Commission.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
The Batasang Pambansa (National Assembly;; often referred to simply as the Batasan) was the former parliament of the Philippines, established as an interim assembly in 1978 and later as an official body in 1984.
The Batasang Pambansa Complex is the headquarters of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.
The Battle of Manila (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila Batalla de Manila) was fought during the Seven Years' War, from 24 September 1762 to 6 October 1762, between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Spain in and around Manila, the capital of the Philippines, a Spanish colony at that time.
The Battle of Manila (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila; Batalla de Manila), sometimes called the Mock Battle of Manila, was a land engagement which took place in Manila on August 13, 1898, at the end of the Spanish–American War, four months after the decisive victory by Commodore Dewey's Asiatic Squadron at the Battle of Manila Bay.
The Battle of Manila (Filipino: Labanan sa Maynila) was a major battle of the Philippine campaign of 1944-45, during the Second World War.
A bazaar is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold.
Beaux-Arts architecture was the academic architectural style taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, particularly from the 1830s to the end of the 19th century.
Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's second most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.
A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.
Binondo is a district in Manila and is referred to as the city's Chinatown and is the world's oldest Chinatown.
Binondo Church, also known as Minor Basilica of Saint Lorenzo Ruiz and Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Parish (Parroquia Basílica de San Lorenzo Ruiz y Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario), is located in the District of Binondo, Manila fronting Plaza San Lorenzo Ruiz, in the Philippines.
The Black Nazarene (El Nazareno Negro, Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno, Poóng Itím na Nazareno, Hesus Nazareno) is a life-sized image of a dark-skinned, kneeling Jesus Christ carrying the Cross enshrined in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene in the Quiapo district of the City of Manila, Philippines.
Sultan Bolkiah was the 5th Sultan of Brunei.
Bonifacio Day is a national holiday in the Philippines commemorating the life of Andrés Bonifacio, one of the country’s national heroes.
Bonifacio Global City (also known as BGC, Global City, or The Fort) is a financial and lifestyle district in Metro Manila, Philippines.
The British occupation of Manila was an episode in Philippine colonial history when the British Empire occupied the Spanish colonial capital of Manila and the nearby principal port of Cavite for twenty months between 1762 and 1764.
The Bruneian Empire or Empire of Brunei, also known as Sultanate of Brunei or Negara Brunei, was a Malay sultanate, centred in Brunei on the northern coast of Borneo island in Southeast Asia.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.
Bulacan (Lalawigan ng Bulakan; Lalawigan ning Bulacan) (PSGC:; '''ISO''': PH-BUL) is a province in the Philippines, located in the Central Luzon Region (Region III) in the island of Luzon, north of Manila (the nation's capital), and part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway Super Region.
Business process outsourcing (BPO) is defined as a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of a specific business process to a third-party service provider.
BusinessMirror is the second daily business newspaper in the Philippines, after BusinessWorld.
, officially the, (name), is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
, officially the, (name), or known simply as City is a settlement_text in the province of,. According to the, it has a population of people.
Caloocan (Kalookan) is the fourth most populous city in the Philippines.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
A capital region, also called a national capital region, capital district or capital territory, is a region or district surrounding a capital city.
The city of Cartagena, known in the colonial era as Cartagena de Indias (Cartagena de Indias), is a major port founded in 1533, located on the northern coast of Colombia in the Caribbean Coast Region.
The Cathedral of Praise (COP) is a Full Gospel, Christ-centered megachurch based in Manila, Philippines.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in the Philippines (Simbahang Katólika, Simbahang Katóliko; Iglesia Católica) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual direction of the Roman Pontiff.
Cavite City, officially the City of Cavite (Lungsod ng Cavite; Ciudad de Cavite), is a fourth class urban component city in the province of Cavite of the region of CALABARZON in the Philippines.
Chevron Corporation is an American multinational energy corporation.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A Chinatown is an ethnic enclave of Chinese or Han people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting.
The Chinese Commercial News (lit. "Philippine Commercial News"), colloquially called the Commercial News or Siong Po (Commercial News in Hokkien), is a daily broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines written in the Chinese language.
Chinese Filipinos (Filipino: Pilipinong Tsino, Tsinoy or Intsik) are Filipinos of Chinese descent, mostly born and raised in the Philippines.
The Philippines is the 5th largest Christian country on Earth,Most Christians reside in the United States with 246.8 million, followed by Brazil with 175.8 million, Mexico with 107.8 million, and Russia with 105.2 million.
A city is one of the units of local government in the Philippines.
The City Beautiful Movement was a reform philosophy of North American architecture and urban planning that flourished during the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of introducing beautification and monumental grandeur in cities.
Clark International Airport (CIAC) (Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark, Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark), is an airport that is an international gateway to the Philippines within Clark Freeport Zone in Angeles City and Mabalacat City located northwest of Manila.
Cleft lip and cleft palate, also known as orofacial cleft, is a group of conditions that includes cleft lip (CL), cleft palate (CP), and both together (CLP).
Colegio de San Juan de Letran (CSJL, Dalubhasaan ng San Juan de Letran, colloquially, "Letran") is a Private Roman Catholic Dominican institution of higher learning located in Intramuros, Manila, in the Philippines.
The Commission on Audit, abbreviated as COA (Komisyon ng Pagsusuri), is an independent constitutional commission established by the Constitution of the Philippines.
A concession or concession agreement is a grant of rights, land or property by a government, local authority, corporation, individual or other legal entity.
The Congress of the Philippines (Kongreso ng Pilipinas), is the national legislature of the Philippines.
Conquistadors (from Spanish or Portuguese conquistadores "conquerors") is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense.
The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas or Konstitusyon ng Pilipinas) is the constitution or supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
Copra is the dried meat or kernel of the coconut, which is the fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera).
The Court of Appeals of the Philippines (Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas) is the second-highest judicial court in the Philippines, next to the Supreme Court.
Cue sports (sometimes written cuesports), also known as billiard sports, are a wide variety of games of skill generally played with a cue stick, which is used to strike billiard balls and thereby cause them to move around a cloth-covered billiards table bounded by elastic bumpers known as.
The Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex, also known as CCP Complex, is an reclaimed property along Roxas Boulevard in Metro Manila, Philippines, most of which fall under the jurisdiction of the city of Pasay.
The cultures of Spain are European cultures based on a variety of historical influences, primarily based on pre-Roman Celtic and Iberian culture.
The culture of the Philippines is a combination of cultures of the East and West.
Cuneta Astrodome is an indoor arena located in Pasay, Philippines.
The cycle rickshaw is a small-scale local means of transport; it is also known by a variety of other names such as bike taxi, velotaxi, pedicab, bikecab, cyclo, beca, becak, trisikad, or trishaw.
Daniel Hudson Burnham, (September 4, 1846 – June 1, 1912) was an American architect and urban designer.
Datu is a title which denotes the rulers (variously described in historical accounts as chiefs, sovereign princes, and monarchsFor more information about the social system of the Indigenous Philippine society before the Spanish colonization see Barangay in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europea-Americana, Madrid: Espasa-Calpe, S. A., 1991, Vol. VII, p.624: Los nobles de un barangay eran los más ricos ó los más fuertes, formándose por este sistema los dattos ó maguinoos, principes á quienes heredaban los hijos mayores, las hijas á falta de éstos, ó los parientes más próximos si no tenían descendencia directa; pero siempre teniendo en cuenta las condiciones de fuerza ó de dinero.) of numerous indigenous peoples throughout the Philippine archipelago.
, officially the (Dakbayan sa Dabaw, Lungsod ng Dabaw), is a highly urbanized city in the island of Mindanao,.
De La Salle Philippines (DLSP) (incorporated as De La Salle Philippines, Inc), established in 2006, is a network of Lasallians within the Lasallian East Asia District established to facilitate collaboration in the Lasallian Mission and the promotion of the spirit of faith, zeal for service and communion in mission.
De La Salle University (Pamantasang La Salle, Universidad ng La Salle), also known as La Salle and abbreviated DLSU, is a private, Catholic research university run by De La Salle Brothers located in Taft Avenue, Malate, Manila, Philippines.
The Department of Budget and Management of the Republic of the Philippines (DBM) (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pagbabadyet at Pamamahala) is an executive body under the Office of the President of the Philippines.
The Department of Education (abbreviated as DepEd; Kagawaran ng Edukasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to, promoting equity in, and improving the quality of basic education.
The Philippines' Department of Finance (DOF) (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pananalapi) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the formulation, institutionalization and administration of fiscal policies, management of the financial resources of the government, supervision of the revenue operations of all local government units, the review, approval and management of all public sector debt, and the rationalization, privatization and public accountability of corporations and assets owned, controlled or acquired by the government.
The Philippine Department of Health (abbreviated as DOH; Kagawaran ng Kalusugan) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to basic public health services by all Filipinos through the provision of quality health care and the regulation of all health services and products.
The Philippine Department of Justice (Kagawaran ng Katarungan, abbreviated as DOJ) is under the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for upholding the rule of law in the Philippines.
The Philippines' Department of Labor and Employment (Kagawaran ng Paggawa at Empleyo, commonly abbreviated as DOLE) is the executive department of the Philippine Government mandated to formulate policies, implement programs and services, and serve as the policy-coordinating arm of the Executive Branch in the field of labor and employment.
The Philippines' Department of Public Works and Highways (Kagawaran ng Pagawaing Pampubliko at mga Lansangan), abbreviated as DPWH, is the executive department of the Philippine government solely vested with the Mandate to “be the State's engineering and construction arm” and, as such, it is “tasked to carry out the policy” of the State to “maintain an engineering and construction arm and continuously develop its technology, for the purposes of ensuring the safety of all infrastructure facilities and securing for all public works and highways the highest efficiency and the most appropriate quality in construction” and shall be responsible for “(t)he planning, design, construction and maintenance of infrastructure facilities, especially national highways, flood control and water resources development systems, and other public works in accordance with national development objectives,” provided that, the exercise of which “shall be decentralized to the fullest extent feasible.”.
The Department of Tourism (Kagawaran ng Turismo, DOT) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the regulation of the Philippine tourism industry and the promotion of the Philippines as a tourist destination.
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments".
Dhaka (or; ঢাকা); formerly known as Dacca is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh.
Dili (Portuguese/Tetum: Díli, Indonesian: Kota Dili), also known as “City of Peace”, is the capital, largest city, chief port, and commercial centre of Timor-Leste (East Timor).
The Division of City Schools – Manila, or simply the DCS-Manila, is a division under the supervision of the Department of Education.
Divisoria is a commercial center in Tondo, Manila, Philippines which is known as a place for low-priced goods.
DMCI Homes is the real estate arm of DMCI Holdings through its wholly owned subsidiary DMCI Project Developers, Inc. (PDI).
Douglas MacArthur (26 January 18805 April 1964) was an American five-star general and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.
The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Earthquake Baroque is a style of Baroque architecture found in the Philippines, which suffered destructive earthquakes during the 17th century and 18th century, where large public buildings, such as churches, were rebuilt in a Baroque style during the Spanish Colonial period in the country.
Elpidio Rivera Quirino (born Elpidío Quiríno y Rivera; November 16, 1890 – February 29, 1956) was a Filipino politician of ethnic Ilocano descent who served as the sixth President of the Philippines from 1948 to 1953.
Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino revolutionary, politician, and military leader who is officially recognized as the first and the youngest President of the Philippines (1899–1901) and first president of a constitutional republic in Asia.
The Emperor or Huangdi was the secular imperial title of the Chinese sovereign reigning between the founding of the Qin dynasty that unified China in 221 BC, until the abdication of Puyi in 1912 following the Xinhai Revolution and the establishment of the Republic of China, although it was later restored twice in two failed revolutions in 1916 and 1917.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
The Enrique M. Razon Sports Center (Building code E; also called Sports Complex, Sports Center, or Sports Building) of De La Salle University is a ten-storey neoclassical building that was built in 1998 to replace the old Brother Lucian Athanasius FSC Gym that was demolished in 2000 to give way for the construction of the Yuchengco Hall.
An entrepôt or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again.
The Episcopal Church in the Philippines (ECP) (Simbahang Episkopal sa Pilipinas; Ilocano: Simabaan nga Episkopal iti Filipinas) is a province of the Anglican Communion comprising the country of the Philippines.
An equator of a rotating spheroid (such as a planet) is its zeroth circle of latitude (parallel).
Ermita is a district in Manila, Philippines.
Escolta Street is a historic east-west street located in the old downtown district of Binondo in Manila, Philippines.
España Boulevard is an 8-lane major thoroughfare in Metro Manila named after the Spanish name of Spain, the Philippines' colonial power for 333 years.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
The executive departments of the Philippines are the largest component of the national executive branch of the government of the Philippines.
Federalism in the Philippines (Pederalismo sa Pilipinas) is a proposed form of government in the country.
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986.
The FIBA Asia Cup (formerly FIBA Asia Championship) is an international basketball tournament which takes place every four years between men's national teams of Asia and Oceania.
The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body.
Filipino (Wikang Filipino), in this usage, refers to the national language (Wikang pambansa/Pambansang wika) of the Philippines.
The Filoil Flying V Centre, formerly Filoil Flying V Arena and The Arena in San Juan, also known as the Entertainment and Recreational Arena of the People (initials taken after former mayor and president Joseph Estrada's nickname 'Erap'), is an indoor sporting arena located in Bonny Serrano Avenue, Corazon de Jesus, San Juan, Metro Manila, Philippines.
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; Repúbliká ng̃ Pilipinas), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.
A flea market (or swap meet) is a type of bazaar that rents or provides space to people who want to sell or barter merchandise.
Flores de Mayo (Spanish for "flowers of May") is a festival held in the Philippines in the month of May.
Forbes is an American business magazine.
The Forbes Global 2000 is an annual ranking of the top 2,000 public companies in the world by Forbes magazine.
Fort Santiago (Spanish: Fuerte de Santiago; Filipino: Moóg ng Santiago) is a citadel first built by Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi for the new established city of Manila in the Philippines.
Geoscience Australia is an agency of the Australian Government.
A global city, also called world city or sometimes alpha city or world center, is a city which is a primary node in the global economic network.
The Globalization and World Cities Research Network, commonly abbreviated to GaWC, is a think tank that studies the relationships between world cities in the context of globalization.
GMA Network (Global Media Arts or simply GMA) is a major national commercial broadcast television and radio network in the Philippines.
GMA News and Public Affairs (formerly known as RBS News Department, GMA Radio-Television News and GMA Rainbow Satellite News; and commonly GMA News) is the news and public affairs programming division of GMA Network Inc. The division produces news, public affairs, infotainment, and lately, entertainment programs for GMA Network and GMA News TV owned and affiliated television and radio stations in the Philippines, and internationally through GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International.
The Government Service Insurance System (Paseguruhan ng mga Naglilingkod sa Pamahalaan, abbreviated as GSIS) is a government-owned and controlled corporation (GOCC) of the Philippines.
The Governor-General of the Philippines (Spanish: Gobernador-General de Filipinas; Filipino: Gobernador-Heneral ng Pilipinas; Japanese) was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines, governed mainly by Spain (1565–1898) and the United States (1898–1946), and briefly by Great Britain (1762–1764) and Japan (1942–1945).
Grading in civil engineering and landscape architectural construction is the work of ensuring a level base, or one with a specified slope, for a construction work such as a foundation, the base course for a road or a railway, or landscape and garden improvements, or surface drainage.
Graft, as understood in American English, is a form of political corruption, being the unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for personal gain.
The term Greater India is most commonly used to encompass the historical and geographic extent of all political entities of the Indian subcontinent, and the regions which are culturally linked to India or received significant Indian cultural influence.
The Greater Manila Area generally refers to the contiguous urbanization surrounding Metro Manila, and ambiguously there are several terms.
Guangzhou, also known as Canton, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong.
A gurdwara (ਗੁਰਦੁਆਰਾ, or ਗੁਰਦਵਾਰਾ,; meaning "door to the guru") is a place of worship for Sikhs.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
Havana (Spanish: La Habana) is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba.
Hayam Wuruk, also called (after 1350) Rajasanagara, Pa-ta-na-pa-na-wu, or Bhatara Prabhu, (1334–1389), was a Javanese Hindu King from the Rajasa Dynasty and the fourth monarch of the Indianised Majapahit Empire.
Herminio “Togay” Aldaba Astorga (December 22, 1929 – January 19, 2004) served as the vice-mayor of the City of Manila from 1962 to 1967.
Heroes' Day or National Heroes' Day may refer to a number of commemorations of national heroes in different countries.
Hidalgo Street (also F.R. Hidalgo Street or R. Hidalgo Street) is a street located in Quiapo in the old downtown of Manila, Philippines.
Hinduism has a long historical influence in the Philippines, but recent archaeological and other evidence suggests Hinduism has had some cultural, economic, political and religious influence in the archipelago.
This is a list of historic houses in Santa Ana, Manila, the Philippines.
Manila's history begins around 65,000 BC the time the Callao Man first settled in the Philippines, predating the arrival of the Negritos and the Malayo-Polynesians.
The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 covers the period of American rule in the Philippines and began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still part of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognised the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946.
Ho Chi Minh City (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh; or; formerly Hô-Chi-Minh-Ville), also widely known by its former name of Saigon (Sài Gòn; or), is the largest city in Vietnam by population.
In baseball, a home run (abbreviated HR) is scored when the ball is hit in such a way that the batter is able to circle the bases and reach home safely in one play without any errors being committed by the defensive team in the process.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Honolulu is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Hawaiokinai.
HowStuffWorks is an American commercial educational website founded by Marshall Brain to provide its target audience an insight into the way many things work.
Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, December 13, 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,, Retrieved August 14, 2014 that describe certain standards of human behaviour and are regularly protected as natural and legal rights in municipal and international law.
Iglesia ni Cristo (abbreviated as INC English: Church of Christ) is an international church that originated in the Philippines.
The prevalence of illegal drug use in the Philippines is lower than the global average, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
Illegal dumping, also called fly dumping or fly tipping, is the dumping of waste illegally instead of using an authorised method such as kerbside collection or using an authorised rubbish dump.
Iloilo (Kapuoran sang Iloilo; Kapuoran kang Iloilo; Lalawigan ng Iloilo) is a province located in the region of Western Visayas in the Philippines.
The Ilustrados ("erudite", "learned" or "enlightened ones") constituted the Filipino educated class during the Spanish colonial period in the late 19th century.
Imperial Manila is a pejorative epithet used by sectors of Philippine society and non-Manileños to express the idea that all the affairs of the Philippines, whether in politics, economy and business or culture, are decided by what goes on in the capital region, Metro Manila without considering the needs of the rest of the country, largely because of centralized government and urbanite snobbery.
Incheon (formerly romanized as Inchŏn; literally "kind river"), officially the Incheon Metropolitan City (인천광역시), is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian Filipinos refers to Filipinos of Indian descent who have historical connections with and have established themselves in what is now the Philippines.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity which includes any material that is rendered useless during a manufacturing process such as that of factories, industries, mills, and mining operations.
The Insular Government of the Philippine Islands was a territorial government of the United States that was established in 1901 and was dissolved in 1935.
International Container Terminal Services, Inc. (ICTSI) is a global port management company with headquarters at the Port of Manila, Philippines.
Intramuros (Latin for "within the walls") is the historic walled area within the modern city of Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
The Intramuros Administration (IA) is an agency of the Department of Tourism of the Philippines that is mandated to orderly restore, administer, and develop the historic walled area of Intramuros that is situated within the modern City of Manila as well as well as to insure that the 16th to 19th century Philippine-Spanish architecture remains the general architectural style of the walled area.
Francisco Moreno Domagoso (born October 24, 1974) is a Filipino politician and the former Vice Mayor of Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, and a former three-term councilor of the city's first congressional district.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Islam is the oldest recorded monotheistic religion in the Philippines.
Jakarta, officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibu Kota Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia.
The is a governmental agency that coordinates official development assistance (ODA) for the government of Japan.
Japanese settlement in the Philippines refers to the branch of the Japanese diaspora having historical contact with and having established themselves in what is now the Philippines.
The Japanese occupation of the Philippines (Filipino: Pananakop ng mga Hapones sa Pilipinas; Japanese: 日本のフィリピン占領; Hepburn: Nihon no Firipin Senryō) occurred between 1942 and 1945, when Imperial Japan occupied the Commonwealth of the Philippines during World War II.
Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipni), sometimes called simply jeeps (Filipino: dyip), are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines.
Jesus Is Lord Church Worldwide (JILCW), or more commonly known as Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), is a Full Gospel, Christ-centred, and Bible-based church that started in the City of Manila, Philippines and now has its main services in Ortigas Center, PUP Manila, Greenhills, San Juan and Bocaue, Bulacan.
John the Baptist (יוחנן המטביל Yokhanan HaMatbil, Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτιστής, Iōánnēs ho baptistḗs or Ἰωάννης ὁ βαπτίζων, Iōánnēs ho baptízōn,Lang, Bernhard (2009) International Review of Biblical Studies Brill Academic Pub p. 380 – "33/34 CE Herod Antipas's marriage to Herodias (and beginning of the ministry of Jesus in a sabbatical year); 35 CE – death of John the Baptist" ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲇⲣⲟⲙⲟⲥ or ⲓⲱ̅ⲁ ⲡⲓⲣϥϯⲱⲙⲥ, يوحنا المعمدان) was a Jewish itinerant preacherCross, F. L. (ed.) (2005) Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 3rd ed.
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, widely known as José Rizal (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines.
Joseph Ejercito "Erap" Estrada (real name José Marcelo Ejército Sr.; born April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician and former actor who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001 and as the 9th Vice President of the Philippines from 1992 to 1998.
Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899), better known as Juan Luna was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century.
Juan Marcos Arellano y de Guzmán (April 25, 1888 – December 5, 1960), or Juan M. Arellano, was a Filipino architect, best known for Manila's Metropolitan Theater (1935), Legislative Building (1926; now houses the National Museum of Fine Arts), the Manila Central Post Office Building (1926),the Central Student Church (today known as the Central United Methodist Church, 1932), the old Jaro Municipal Hall (1934) and the old Iloilo City Hall (1935) in Iloilo, the Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol (1936), the Cebu Provincial Capitol (1937), the Bank of the Philippine Islands Cebu Main Branch (1940), Misamis Occidental Provincial Capitol Building (1935), Cotabato Municipal Hall (1940) and the Jones Bridge.
Juan Felipe de Jesus Nakpil (born Juan Felipe Nakpil y de Jesus; May 26, 1899 – May 7, 1986), known as Juan F. Nakpil, was a Filipino architect, teacher and a community leader.
A kalesa (also known as carromata, caritela or karitela) is a horse-drawn calash used in the Philippines.
Kalka is a town in the Panchkula district of Haryana, India.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
In many countries, Kilometre Zero (also written km 0) or similar terms in other languages (also known as zero mile marker, control stations or control points) is a particular location (usually in the nation's capital city) from which distances are traditionally measured.
The Kingdom of France (Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Koreans in the Philippines, largely consisting of expatriates from South Korea, form the largest Korean diaspora community in Southeast Asia and the ninth-largest in the world, after Koreans in Kazakhstan and before Koreans in Vietnam.
A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by barrier islands or reefs.
Laguna, officially known as the Province of Laguna (Lalawigan ng Laguna; Provincia de Laguna), is a province in the Philippines, located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon.
In early Philippine history, the rank of Lakan denoted a "paramount ruler" (or more specifically, "paramount datu") of one of the large coastal barangays (known as a "bayan") on the central and southern regions of the island of Luzon.
Lakan Dula (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lácandólá) was the regnal name of the last Lakan (paramount ruler or paramount datu) of the pre-colonial Tondo when the Spaniards first conquered the lands of the Pasig River delta in the Philippines, in the 1570s.
Land Bank of the Philippines (Filipino: Bangko sa Lupa ng Pilipinas, Spanish: Banco Hipotecario de Filipinas), stylized as LANDBANK or also known by its initials, LBP, is a universal bank in the Philippines owned by the Philippine government with a special focus on serving the needs of farmers and fishermen.
Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds.
Latin American Asians are Asians of Latin-American (Either of North American or South American) descent.
The Liga ng mga Barangay sa Pilipinas (League of Barangays in the Philippines) and the Asosasyon ng mga Kapitan ng Barangay (Association of Barangay Captains) are formal organizations of all the barangays in the Philippines.
The Legislative Districts of Manila are the representations of the city of Manila in the various national legislatures of the Philippines.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
The Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA) is a public transport operator that is responsible for the construction, operation, maintenance and/or lease of Manila Light Rail Transit System in the Philippines.
Lima (Quechua:, Aymara) is the capital and the largest city of Peru.
Limahong, Lim Hong, or Lin Feng, well known as Ah Hong or Lim-A-Hong or Limahon, was a Chinese pirate and warlord who invaded the northern Philippine Islands in 1574.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
Art Deco theaters of Manila are theaters constructed in the 1930s to 1950s built in Art Deco style, or a similar branch of the style like Streamline Moderne, in the Philippines.
This is a list of the cities worldwide that have the highest population density.
The following is a list of chartered cities in the Philippines.
This list is made up of notable people from Manila, the capital of the Philippines.
This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information on their status and recognition of their sovereignty.
In the Philippines, the Philippine ZIP code is used by the Philippine Postal Corporation (Philpost) to simplify the distribution of mail.
José Livioko Atienza Jr. (born August 10, 1941), commonly known by his nickname Lito Atienza, is the former city mayor of Manila and former secretary of the Department of Environment and Resources.
Henry Louis Gehrig, born Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig (June 19, 1903June 2, 1941), nicknamed "the Iron Horse", was an American baseball first baseman who played his entire professional career (17 seasons) in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, from 1923 until 1939.
Lucky Chinatown is a shopping mall in Binondo, the Chinatown of Manila, Philippines.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The Lyceum of the Philippines University (Pamantasang Liseo ng Pilipinas, abbreviated LPU) is an institute of higher education located in Intramuros in the City of Manila, Philippines.
The Mabini Shrine is a historic site in Santa Mesa, Manila, Philippines.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Mahārāja (महाराज, also spelled Maharajah, Moharaja) is a Sanskrit title for a "great ruler", "great king" or "high king".
The mainline Protestant churches (also called mainstream Protestant and sometimes oldline Protestant) are a group of Protestant denominations in the United States that contrast in history and practice with evangelical, fundamentalist, and charismatic Protestant denominations.
The Majapahit Empire (Javanese: ꦏꦫꦠꦺꦴꦤ꧀ꦩꦗꦥꦲꦶꦠ꧀ Karaton Majapahit, Kerajaan Majapahit) was a thalassocracy in Southeast Asia, based on the island of Java (part of modern-day Indonesia), that existed from 1293 to circa 1500.
Makati, officially the City of Makati (Lungsod ng Makati, Siyudad ng Makati), in the Philippines, is one of the sixteen cities that make up Metro Manila.
The Makati Central Business District, also known as the Makati CBD, is the leading financial and central business district in the Philippines located at the heart of Makati in Metro Manila.
Malacañang Palace (officially Malacañan Palace, colloquially "Malacañang"; Palasyo ng Malacañang (or Malakanyang),; Palacio de Malacañán) is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the Philippines located in the capital city of Manila.
Malate is a district of Manila, Philippines.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
Mandaluyong City (Lungsod ng Mandaluyong) is a city in the Philippines located directly east of Manila.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
Manila Bay is a natural harbour which serves the Port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines.
The Manila Bulletin, (also known as the Bulletin and previously known as the Manila Daily Bulletin from 1906 to September 23, 1972 and the Bulletin Today from November 22, 1972 to March 10, 1986) is the Philippines' largest broadsheet newspaper by circulation, followed by the Philippine Daily Inquirer.
The Minor Basilica and Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Basilika Menore at Kalakhang Katedral ng Kalinis-linisang Paglilihi; Basílica Menor y Catedral Metropolitana de la Inmaculada Concepción), also known as Manila Cathedral (Iglesia Parroquial de Manila), is the cathedral of Manila and basilica located in Intramuros, the historic walled city within today's modern city of Manila, Philippines.
The Manila City Council (Filipino: Sangguniang Panlungsod ng Maynila) or the city's legislature is composed of 38 councilors, with 36 councilors elected from Manila's six councilor districts (coextensive with the Legislative districts of Manila) and two councilors elected from the ranks of barangay (neighborhood) chairmen and the Sangguniang Kabataan (SK; youth councils).
The Manila City Hall (Gusaling Panlungsod ng Maynila) is located in the historic center of Ermita, Manila.
The Manila Galleons (Galeón de Manila; Kalakalang Galyon ng Maynila at Acapulco) were Spanish trading ships which for two and a half centuries linked the Philippines with Mexico across the Pacific Ocean, making one or two round-trip voyages per year between the ports of Acapulco and Manila, which were both part of New Spain.
The Manila hostage crisis, officially known as the Rizal Park hostage-taking incident, took place when a disgruntled former Philippine National Police officer named Rolando Mendoza hijacked a tourist bus in Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines on August 23, 2010.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System (Sistema ng Magaang Riles Panlulan ng Maynila), popularly and informally known as the LRT, is a metropolitan rail system serving the Metro Manila area in the Philippines.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 1 is the first metro line of the Manila Light Rail Transit System.
The Manila Light Rail Transit System Line 2, also known as LRT Line 2, LRT-2, or Megatren, is a rapid transit line in Metro Manila in the Philippines, generally running in an east-west direction along the Radial Road 6 and a portion of the Circumferential Road 1.
Local elections was held in the City of Manila on May 10, 2010 within the Philippine general election.
Local elections was held in Manila on May 13, 2013 within the Philippine general election.
Manila held its local elections on Monday, May 9, 2016, as a part of the 2016 Philippine general election.
The Manila massacre (Filipino: Pagpatay sa Maynila) involved atrocities committed against Filipino civilians in the City of Manila, the capital of the Philippines, by Japanese troops during World War II at the Battle of Manila (February 3, 1945 – March 3, 1945).
The Manila Metropolitan Theater (Tanghalang Pangkalakhan ng Maynila, or MET) is a Philippine Art Deco building found near the Mehan Garden located on Padre Burgos Avenue corner Arroceros Street, near the Manila Central Post Office.
The Manila Metrostars were a professional basketball team in the now-defunct Metropolitan Basketball Association from 1998 to 2001.
The Manila Ocean Park is an oceanarium in Manila, Philippines.
The Manila Police District (MPD) is the agency of the Philippine National Police (PNP) responsible for law enforcement in the City of Manila.
Manila Science High School (Mataas na Paaralang Pang-Agham ng Maynila) is the first science high school in the Philippines.
Manila Standard is a broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines owned by the Romualdez family.
The Manila Storm is a Philippine rugby league team based in Manila.
The Manila Water Company, Inc. is the sole provider of water and wastewater services to more than six million people in the East Zone of Metro Manila.
The Manila Zoo, formally known as the Manila Zoological and Botanical Garden, is a zoo located in Malate, Manila, Philippines that opened on July 25, 1959.
Manuel L. Quezon (born Manuel Luís Quezon y Molina; August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) was a Filipino statesman, soldier, and politician who served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944.
Mapúa University (MU, formerly known as Mapúa Institute of Technology) is a non-sectarian, research-oriented, Filipino university located in Intramuros, Manila and in Makati.
Maranao is an Austronesian language spoken by the Maranao people in the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur in the Philippines, and in Sabah, Malaysia.
Marianas Variety is a daily newspaper published in Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands, five times per week.
The Marikina Valley Fault System, also known as the Valley Fault System (VFS), is a dominantly dextral strike-slip fault system in Luzon, Philippines.
A market, or marketplace, is a location where people regularly gather for the purchase and sale of provisions, livestock, and other goods.
Martial law in the Philippines (Batas Militar sa Pilipinas) refers to several intermittent periods in Philippine history wherein the Philippine head of state (such as the President) places an area under the control of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and its predecessor bodies.
Masjid Al-Dahab (or The Golden Mosque; Filipino: Gintong Masjid) is situated in the predominantly Muslim section of the Quiapo district in Manila, Philippines, and is considered the largest mosque in Metro Manila.
Maui County, officially County of Maui, is a county located in the U.S. state of Hawaii.
Maynilad Water Services, Inc., also known as Maynilad, is the water and wastewater services provider of cities and municipalities that form the West Zone of the Greater Metro Manila Area in the Philippines.
The Mayor of Manila (Punong Lungsod ng Maynila) is the head of the executive branch of the Manila's government.
The mayor–council government system is a system of organization of local government.
Málaga is a municipality, capital of the Province of Málaga, in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain.
Medical tourism refers to people traveling to a country other than their own to obtain medical treatment.
Mega Manila is the term used for the megalopolis in the Philippine regions of Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa and Metro Manila.
UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme is an international initiative launched to safeguard the documentary heritage of humanity against collective amnesia, neglect, the ravages of time and climatic conditions, and willful and deliberate destruction.
The Manila Electric Company, also known as Meralco (stylized in its logo as MERALCO), is the Philippines' largest distributor of electrical power.
Metropolitan Manila (Kalakhang Maynila, Kamaynilaan) is the seat of government and one of the three defined metropolitan areas of the Philippines.
The Metro Manila Dream Plan, formally titled the Roadmap for Transport Infrastructure Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas, refers to an integrated plan for improving the transport system in Metro Manila, Philippines, with the hope of turning it into a focal point for addressing Metro Manila's interlinked problems in the areas of transportation, land use, and environment.
The Metropolitan Medical Center (MMC) in Tondo, Manila, is a major private hospital located in the Chinatown area of the city.
The Metropolitan Museum of Manila (nicknamed the Met) is one of the major museums in the city located within the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) Complex along Roxas Boulevard in the Malate district of Manila, the Philippines.
Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System is the government agency that is in charge of water privatization in Metro Manila in the Philippines.
The Mexican War of Independence (Guerra de Independencia de México) was an armed conflict, and the culmination of a political and social process which ended the rule of Spain in 1821 in the territory of New Spain.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
The Middle Easttranslit-std; translit; Orta Şərq; Central Kurdish: ڕۆژھەڵاتی ناوین, Rojhelatî Nawîn; Moyen-Orient; translit; translit; translit; Rojhilata Navîn; translit; Bariga Dhexe; Orta Doğu; translit is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa).
Miguel López de Legazpi (c. 1502 – August 20, 1572), also known as El Adelantado and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Basque-Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East Indies when his expedition crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of New Spain in modern-day Mexico, arrived in Cebu of the Philippine Islands, 1565.
The Ming dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China – then known as the – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty.
The moment magnitude scale (MMS; denoted as Mw or M) is one of many seismic magnitude scales used to measure the size of earthquakes.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Mormons are a religious and cultural group related to Mormonism, the principal branch of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity, initiated by Joseph Smith in upstate New York during the 1820s.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
A municipality (bayan/munisipalidad; banwa; lungsod/munisipalidad; baley; balen/balayan; banwaan; bungto; ili) is a local government unit (LGU) in the Philippines.
Museo de Intramuros is an upcoming ecclesiastical museum to be operated and managed by the Intramuros Administration.
The Museo Pambata (Children's Museum or Museum for Children) is a children's museum in the Ermita district of Manila, near Rizal Park, in the Philippines.
The Museum of Philippine Political History (Museo ng Kasaysayang Pampulitika ng Pilipinas) is a museum in Malolos, Philippines.
The Nagarakretagama or Nagarakrtagama, also known as Desawarnana, is an Old Javanese eulogy to Hayam Wuruk, a Javanese king of the Majapahit Empire.
is a city located in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.
Order of National Artists of the Philippines (Filipino: Orden ng mga Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas) is an order bestowed by the Philippines on Filipinos who have made significant contributions to the development of Philippine art.
A national church is a Christian church associated with a specific ethnic group or nation state.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is an athletics association of ten colleges and universities in the Philippines.
The National Economic and Development Authority (Pambansang Pangasiwaan sa Kabuhayan at Pagpapaunlad), abbreviated as NEDA, is an independent cabinet-level agency of the Philippine government responsible for economic development and planning.
The National Historical Commission of the Philippines (Pambansang Komisyong Pangkasaysayan ng Pilipinas, abbreviated NHCP) is a government agency of the Philippines.
The National Library of the Philippines (Pambansang Aklatan ng Pilipinas or Aklatang Pambansa ng Pilipinas, abbreviated NLP) is the official national library of the Philippines.
The National Museum of Anthropology (Pambansang Museo ng Antropolohiya), formerly known as the Museum of the Filipino People (Museo ng Lahing Pilipino), is a component museum of the National Museum of the Philippines that houses the anthropology and archaeology divisions.
The National Museum of Fine Arts (Pambansang Museo ng Sining), formerly known as the National Art Gallery, is an art museum in Manila, Philippines.
The National Museum of Natural History (Pambansang Museo ng Likas na Kasaysayan) in Manila is a natural history museum in the Philippines.
The National Museum of the Philippines (Pambansang Museo ng Pilipinas) is a government institution in the Philippines and serves as an educational, scientific and cultural institution in preserving the various permanent national collections featuring the ethnographic, anthropological, archaeological and visual artistry of the Philippines.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Navotas (Lungsod ng Navotas) is a city in the Philippines located north of Manila that is known as the Fishing Capital of the Philippines.
The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of South and Southeast Asia.
Neoclassical architecture is an architectural style produced by the neoclassical movement that began in the mid-18th century.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Manila Bay–City of Pearl or simply as the City of Pearl is a mixed-used development to be built on reclaimed land in Manila, Philippines.
New media are forms of media that are native to computers, computational and relying on computers for re-distribution.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de la Nueva España) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
The TV5 News and Information, known on-air as News5 (formerly ABC News and Public Affairs and TV5 News and Public Affairs) is the news and information programming division of the TV5 Network Inc. News5 produces its news and information content for The 5 Network, AksyonTV, Radyo5 and media portal News5 Always On and InterAksyon (which recently absorbed to the PhilStar Group).
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
The Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Ninoy Aquino) or NAIA, formerly known and still commonly referred to as Manila International Airport as well as its codename Nichols Field (Nichols), is the airport serving Manila and its surrounding metropolitan area.
Old media (also legacy media) are the mass media institutions that predominated prior to the Information Age; particularly print media, film studios, music studios, advertising agencies, radio broadcasting, and television.
The olive, known by the botanical name Olea europaea, meaning "European olive", is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands and Réunion.
In war, in the event of the imminent capture of a city, the government/military structure of the nation that controls the city will sometimes declare it an open city, thus announcing that it has abandoned all defensive efforts.
() is a designated city in the Kansai region of Japan.
The Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center (Hospital of Manila; abbreviation: OMMC) is a 300-bed non-profit tertiary, general and training hospital in Malate, Manila, Philippines.
Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital (abbreviated as OLLH) is a private non-profit tertiary hospital with 230-bed capacity located in Santa Mesa, Manila, in the Philippines.
Pablo Sebero Antonio, Sr. (January 25, 1901 – June 14, 1975)CCP Encyclopedia, p. 298 was a Filipino architect.
The Pacific Islands are the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Paco, formerly known as Dilao, is a district of Manila, Philippines located south of Pasig River, and San Miguel, west of Santa Ana, southwest of Pandacan, north of Malate, northwest of San Andres Bukid, and east of Ermita.
The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pangasiwaan ng Pilipinas sa Serbisyong Atmospero, Heopisiko at Astronomiya, abbreviated as PAGASA, which means "hope" as in the Tagalog word pag-asa) is the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) agency of the Republic of the Philippines mandated to provide protection against natural calamities and to insure the safety, well-being and economic security of all the people, and for the promotion of national progress by undertaking scientific and technological services in meteorology, hydrology, climatology, astronomy and other geophysical sciences.
Panama City (Ciudad de Panamá) is the capital and largest city of Panama.
Pandacan is a district in Manila, Philippines known for the Pandacan oil depot.
The Pandacan Oil Depot was a 33-hectare compound in Pandacan, Manila, Philippines.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Pasay, officially Pasay City (Lungsod ng Pasay), is a city in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines.
The Pasig River (Ilog Pasig and Río Pásig) is a river in the Philippines that connects Laguna de Bay to Manila Bay.
The Pasig River Ferry Service is the only water-based transportation in Metro Manila, Philippines that cruises the Pasig River from Pinagbuhatan in Pasig to Intramuros in the City of Manila.
The Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission is a state commission in charge of the rehabilitation of the Pasig River.
A patron saint, patroness saint, patron hallow or heavenly protector is a saint who in Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or particular branches of Islam, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person.
Pentecostalism or Classical Pentecostalism is a renewal movement"Spirit and Power: A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals",.
The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986 or simply EDSA 1986) was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in the capital city of Manila from February 22–25, 1986.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
Petron Corporation is the largest oil refining and marketing company in the Philippines, supplying more than a third of the country’s oil requirements.
The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) is a men's professional basketball league in the Philippines composed of twelve company-branded franchised teams.
The Philippine Basketball League (PBL) was a commercial semi-professional basketball league in the Philippines.
The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is a newspaper in the Philippines.
Philippine English is any variety of English (similar and related to English) native to the Philippines, including those used by the media and the vast majority of educated Filipinos.
The Philippine General Hospital (PGH) is a tertiary state-owned hospital administered and operated by the University of the Philippines Manila, the University of the Philippines System's Health Sciences Center.
Philippine Hokkien, is the variant of Hokkien as spoken by about 98.7% of the ethnic Chinese population of the Philippines.
The Philippine Independent Church (Iglesia Filipina Independiente; Malayang Simbahan ng Pilipinas; Libera Ecclesia Philippina, colloquially called the Aglipayan Church) is an independent Christian denomination in the form of a national church in the Philippines.
The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Surian ng Pilipinas sa Bulkanolohiya at Sismolohiya) abbreviated as PHIVOLCS) is a Philippine national institution dedicated to provide information on the activities of volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis, as well as other specialized information and services primarily for the protection of life and property and in support of economic, productivity, and sustainable development. It is one of the service agencies of the Department of Science and Technology. PHIVOLCS monitors volcano, earthquake, and tsunami activity, and issues warnings as necessary. It is mandated to mitigate disasters that may arise from such volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other related geotectonic phenomena.
The Philippine National Railways (PNR) (Pambansang Daambakal ng Pilipinas) is a state-owned railway company in the Philippines, operating a single line of track on Luzon.
Philippine Ports Authority (Pangasiwaan ng Daungan ng Pilipinas) is a government-owned and controlled corporation under the Department of Transportation and Communications as an attached agency.
The Philippine Revolution (Filipino: Himagsikang Pilipino; Spanish: Revolución Filipina), also called the Tagalog War (Spanish: Guerra Tagalog, Filipino: Digmaang Tagalog) by the Spanish, was a revolution and subsequent conflict fought between the people and insurgents of the Philippines and the Kingdom of Spain with its Spanish Empire and Spanish colonial authorities in the Spanish East Indies.
Philippine Standard Time (Pamantayang Oras ng Pilipinas, abbreviated PST or PhST), also known as Philippine Time (PHT), is the official name for the time in the Philippines.
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) was created on September 12, 2013 when the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013 (Republic Act No. 10625) was signed by President Benigno S. Aquino III.
The Philippine Stock Exchange, Inc. (Pamilihang Sapi ng Pilipinas) is the national stock exchange of the Philippines.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
The Philippines men's national basketball team (Pambansang koponan ng basketbol ng Pilipinas) is managed by the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (Basketball Federation of the Philippines or simply SBP).
The Philippines national football team is the national football team of the Philippines and represents the country in international football.
Philtrust Bank, formally known as the Philippine Trust Company is one of the oldest private universal banks in the Philippines.
A planned community, or planned city, is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped greenfield land.
Polytechnic University of the Philippines (Filipino: Politeknikong Unibersidad ng Pilipinas; Abbreviated a callsign as PUP and commonly known as PUP Main, PUP Sta. Mesa and PUP Manila) is a coeducational state university located in the district of Santa Mesa, Manila, Philippines.
The Port Area is a place located in Manila, Philippines.
The Port of Manila (Pantalan ng Maynila) refers to the collective facilities and terminals that process maritime trade function in harbours that serve the Metro Manila Area.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
A pro-cathedral is a parish church that is temporarily serving as the cathedral or co-cathedral of a diocese, or has the same function in a Catholic missionary jurisdiction that is not yet entitled to a proper cathedral, such as an apostolic prefecture or apostolic administration.
Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.
The Quadricentennial Pavilion (originally UST Sports Complex) is a 5,792-seat multi-purpose gymnasium of the University of Santo Tomas (UST) located at the site of the former old Engineering Complex and adjacent football field in front of the Roque Ruaño Building.
Quezon City (Lungsod Quezon,; Ciudad Quezón; also known as QC or Kyusi) is the most populous city in the Philippines.
The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene (Basílica Menor del Nazareno Negro; Basílika Menor ng Itím na Nazareno), known canonically as Parish of Saint John the Baptist, and also known as the Quiapo Church (Iglesia Parroquial de Quiapo), is a prominent basilica in the district of Quiapo in the city of Manila, Philippines.
Quiapo is a district of Manila, Philippines.
Raja (also spelled rajah, from Sanskrit राजन्), is a title for a monarch or princely ruler in South and Southeast Asia.
In Philippine folk tradition, Rajah Salalila (Baybayin:, Sanskrit: शरीर, syarirah) was the Rajah or paramount ruler of the early Philippine settlement of Maynila, and the father of the individual named Ache, who would eventually be well known as Rajah Matanda.
In early Philippine history, the Tagalog Bayan ("country" or "polity") of Maynila (Bayan ng Maynila; Baybayin:; Balen ning Maynila) was a major trade hub located on the southern part of the Pasig River delta,Abinales, Patricio N. and Donna J. Amoroso, State and Society in the Philippines.
Ramón Delaraga Bagatsing (August 19, 1916 – February 14, 2006) was the longest-serving Mayor of Manila.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
Rappler is a news website based in the Philippines with a bureau in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Claro M. Recto Avenue, more popularly known as simply Recto Avenue, is the principal commercial thoroughfare in north central Manila, Philippines.
In the Philippines, regions (rehiyon), (ISO 3166-2:PH) are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces (lalawigan) of the country for administrative convenience.
The Revolutions of 1989 formed part of a revolutionary wave in the late 1980s and early 1990s that resulted in the end of communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe and beyond.
Rizal, officially known as the Province of Rizal (Lalawigan ng Rizal), is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region, east of Manila.
Rizal Avenue also known as "Avenida" or "Avenida Rizal" is one of Manila's main thoroughfares.
Rizal Day is a Philippine national holiday commemorating the life and works of José Rizal, one of the Philippines' national heroes.
The Rizal Memorial Baseball Stadium is a baseball stadium located inside the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex in Manila, Philippines.
The Rizal Memorial Sports Complex, (RMSC) is a national sports complex of the Philippines, located on Pablo Ocampo St.
The Rizal Memorial Track and Football Stadium, simply known as the Rizal Memorial Stadium since it is the main stadium within the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex, is the national stadium of the Philippines.
The Rizal Monument (original title: Motto Stella, Latin, "guiding star") is a memorial in Rizal Park in Manila, Philippines built to commemorate the executed Filipino nationalist, José Rizal.
Rizal Park (Liwasang Rizal, Parque Rizal), also known as Luneta Park or simply Luneta, is a historical urban park in the Philippines.
Robinsons Malls is one of the largest shopping malls and retail operators in the Philippines.
Robinsons Place Manila (unofficial name: Robinsons Ermita or Robinsons Place Ermita) is a shopping mall located behind the Philippine General Hospital, the campus of the University of the Philippines Manila and St. Paul University Manila in the City of Manila.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila (Archidioecesis Manilensis; Arkidiyosesis ng Maynilà; Arquidiócesis de Manila) is the archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in Metro Manila, Philippines, encompassing the cities of Manila, Makati, San Juan, Pasay (except for Villamor Air Base and Newport City which is under the jurisdiction of the Military Ordinariate of the Philippines), and Mandaluyong.
Roxas Boulevard is a popular waterfront promenade in Manila in the Philippines.
Royal Dutch Shell plc, commonly known as Shell, is a British–Dutch multinational oil and gas company headquartered in the Netherlands and incorporated in the United Kingdom.
Rugby league football is a full-contact sport played by two teams of thirteen players on a rectangular field.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
Saint Stephen's Parish Church is the Episcopal Diocese of the Central Philippines' Pro-Cathedral serving Chinese communities located in Santa Cruz, Manila in the Philippines.
Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.
Sampaloc is one of the city districts that comprise Manila, Philippines.
San Agustin Church (Spanish: Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepción de María de San Agustín) is a Roman Catholic church under the auspices of The Order of St. Augustine, located inside the historic walled city of Intramuros in Manila.
San Andres (also San Andres Bukid, bukid being the Tagalog for "farm" or " field") is a district of Manila, Philippines.
San Francisco (initials SF;, Spanish for 'Saint Francis'), officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural, commercial, and financial center of Northern California.
San Ignacio Church (Simbahan ng San Ignacio; Iglesia de San Ignacio) in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines, was designed for the Jesuits by architect Felix Roxas, Sr., and completed in 1899.
San Juan City (Lungsod ng San Juan) is the smallest city in the Philippines in terms of population and land area.
San Miguel is a primarily middle-class residential area of the City of Manila, and is one of the city's sixteen traditional districts.
San Nicolas is one of the sixteen districts in the city of Manila in the Philippines.
The Basílica Menor de San Sebastián, better known as San Sebastian Church, is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Manila, Philippines, and the seat of the Parish of San Sebastian.
Sangguniang Kabataan (abbreviated as SK), is a council meant to represent the youth in each barangay in the Philippines.
Sanskrit is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism; a philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism; and a former literary language and lingua franca for the educated of ancient and medieval India.
The Santa Ana Church, also known as the Parish of Our Lady of the Abandoned (Spanish: Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados), is a Spanish colonial period church located in the district of Santa Ana in Manila, Philippines.
Santa Ana Hospital is located in Santa Ana, Manila.
Santa Ana is a district of Manila, Philippines known for its architectural heritage known as Santa Ana Heritage District which is composed of numerous historic ancestral houses, Plaza Hugo, and the Santa Ana Church and its Camarín de la Virgen in which the Patroness of Santa Ana is Enshrined, The 300 years old Image of the "Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados de Manila" (Our Lady of the Abandoned of Manila) La Gobernadora de la Ciudad de Manila.
Santa Cruz is a district in the northern part of the City of Manila, Philippines, located on the right bank of the Pasig River near its mouth, boredered by the districts of Tondo, Binondo, Quiapo, and Sampaloc, and Grace Park (Caloocan City) and La Loma (Quezon City).
Santa Mesa is a district in Manila, Philippines.
Santiago, also known as Santiago de Chile, is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas.
The term satellite state designates a country that is formally independent in the world, but under heavy political, economic and military influence or control from another country.
ScienceDirect is a website which provides subscription-based access to a large database of scientific and medical research.
Scyphiphora is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family.
The Seismological Society of America (SSA) is an international scientific society devoted to the advancement of seismology and the understanding of earthquakes for the benefit of society.
A sepoy was formerly the designation given to an Indian soldier.
The Seven Years' War was a global conflict fought between 1756 and 1763.
The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Protestant Christian denomination distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week in Christian and Jewish calendars, as the Sabbath, and by its emphasis on the imminent Second Coming (advent) of Jesus Christ.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit.
Sikhism (ਸਿੱਖੀ), or Sikhi,, from Sikh, meaning a "disciple", or a "learner"), is a monotheistic religion that originated in the Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent about the end of the 15th century. It is one of the youngest of the major world religions, and the fifth-largest. The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for social justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life. In the early 21st century there were nearly 25 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them (20 million) living in Punjab, the Sikh homeland in northwest India, and about 2 million living in neighboring Indian states, formerly part of the Punjab. Sikhism is based on the spiritual teachings of Guru Nanak, the first Guru (1469–1539), and the nine Sikh gurus that succeeded him. The Tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, named the Sikh scripture Guru Granth Sahib as his successor, terminating the line of human Gurus and making the scripture the eternal, religious spiritual guide for Sikhs.Louis Fenech and WH McLeod (2014),, 3rd Edition, Rowman & Littlefield,, pages 17, 84-85William James (2011), God's Plenty: Religious Diversity in Kingston, McGill Queens University Press,, pages 241–242 Sikhism rejects claims that any particular religious tradition has a monopoly on Absolute Truth. The Sikh scripture opens with Ik Onkar (ੴ), its Mul Mantar and fundamental prayer about One Supreme Being (God). Sikhism emphasizes simran (meditation on the words of the Guru Granth Sahib), that can be expressed musically through kirtan or internally through Nam Japo (repeat God's name) as a means to feel God's presence. It teaches followers to transform the "Five Thieves" (lust, rage, greed, attachment, and ego). Hand in hand, secular life is considered to be intertwined with the spiritual life., page.
Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.
Silver is a chemical element with symbol Ag (from the Latin argentum, derived from the Proto-Indo-European ''h₂erǵ'': "shiny" or "white") and atomic number 47.
SM Mall of Asia, also abbreviated as SM MoA, is a shopping mall in Bay City, Pasay, Philippines, near the SM Central Business Park, the Manila Bay, and the southern end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA).
SM Quiapo (also known as SM Clearance Outlet and SM Carriedo) is the very first SM Store opened in November 1972.
SM Retail Inc. is a private retail holding company based in Pasay, Metro Manila, Philippines.
SM Supermalls, owned by SM Prime Holdings, is a chain of shopping malls in the Philippines that, as of May 2018, has 70 malls located across the country and about two dozen more scheduled to be open.
The Smart Araneta Coliseum, known as The Big Dome, is an indoor multi-purpose sports arena that is part of the Araneta Center in the Cubao area of Quezon City, Philippines.
Smokey Mountain is the term coined for a large landfill located in Tondo, Manila.
Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia.
The Southeast Asian Games (also known as the SEA Games), is a biennial multi-sport event involving participants from the current 11 countries of Southeast Asia.
Southern Min, or Minnan, is a branch of Min Chinese spoken in Taiwan and in certain parts of China including Fujian (especially the Minnan region), eastern Guangdong, Hainan, and southern Zhejiang.
The Spanish East Indies (Spanish: Indias orientales españolas; Filipino: Silangang Indiyas ng Espanya) were the Spanish territories in Asia-Pacific from 1565 until 1899.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
Spanish was the official language of the Philippines from the beginning of Spanish rule in the late 16th century, through the conclusion of the Spanish–American War in 1898.
Spiritual Assembly is a term given by `Abdu'l-Bahá to refer to elected councils that govern the Bahá'í Faith.
The Spoliarium (often misspelled Spolarium) is a painting by Filipino painter Juan Luna.
The Sri Lankan national basketball team represents Sri Lanka in international competitions.
A steel building is a metal structure fabricated with steel for the internal support and for exterior cladding, as opposed to steel framed buildings which generally use other materials for floors, walls, and external envelope.
Street harassment is a form of sexual harassment that consists of unwanted comments, gestures, honking, wolf-whistlings, catcalling, exposure, following, persistent sexual advances, and touching by strangers in public areas such as streets, shopping malls, and public transportation.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Sulu (Tausūg: ولايا سين سوگ, Wilāya sin Sūg) is a province of the Philippines in the Sulu Archipelago and part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).
A supermarket is a self-service shop offering a wide variety of food and household products, organized into aisles.
The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas; colloquially referred to as Korte Suprema) is the highest court in the Philippines.
Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd,"." Swiss Re.
Taft Avenue (Abenida Taft; Avenida Taft) is a major road thoroughfare in Metro Manila.
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a quarter of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by the majority.
Taguig (Tagíg,, officially the City of Taguig, Lungsod ng Tagíg) is a highly urbanized city located in the south-eastern portion of Metro Manila in the Philippines.
Taipei, officially known as Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan (officially known as the Republic of China, "ROC").
is a city in Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').
A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride.
A test match in rugby union is an international match, usually played between two senior national teams, that is recognised as such by at least one of the teams' national governing bodies.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), often informally known as the Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian, Christian restorationist church that is considered by its members to be the restoration of the original church founded by Jesus Christ.
The Daily Tribune is a daily English-language broadsheet publication in the Philippines.
The Manila Times is the oldest existing English-language newspaper in the Philippines.
The Philippine Star (self-styled The Philippine STAR) is a print and digital newspaper in the Philippines and the flagship brand of the PhilStar Media Group.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Tomás Bautista Mapúa (December 21, 1888 – December 22, 1965) was a Filipino architect, educator and businessman from the Philippines.
In early Philippine history, the Tagalog settlement at Tondo (Baybayin) was a major trade hub located on the northern part of the Pasig River delta, on Luzon island.
Tondo Conspiracy of 1587-1588 (known by numerous outer names such as the Revolt of the Lakans or the Conspiracy of the Maharlikas), was a revolt planned by Tagalog nobles, led by Agustin de Legazpi of Tondo and his cousin Martin Panga, to overthrow the Spanish government situated in the Philippines due to the injustices felt by the Filipinos.
Tondo is a district located in Manila, Philippines.
The Torre de Manila is a residential building under construction in Ermita, Manila, and was approved by Manila Mayor Erap Estrada.
The ongoing controversy surrounding Torre de Manila, a residential condominium under construction in Manila, Philippines, is related to alleged violations of zoning ordinances by DMCI Homes, the owner of the building, and the condominium's negative impact on the country's heritage due to its supposed visual pollution to the backdrop of the Rizal Monument.
, usually shortened to Toyota, is a Japanese multinational automotive manufacturer headquartered in Toyota, Aichi, Japan.
The, an acronym of "Kerjasama Indonesia-Jepang" (English: Indonesian-Japan Cooperation), is a series of pickup trucks and MPVs sold mainly in Southeast Asia by Toyota.
Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing.
The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Great Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War.
A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake.
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
Tutuban station commonly as Manila railway Station or Divisoria railway Station is the main train station of the Philippine National Railways (PNR) and the main train station of the city of Manila in the Philippines.
A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere.
Typhoon Ketsana, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Ondoy, was the second most devastating tropical cyclone in the 2009 Pacific typhoon season with a damage of $1.09 billion and 747 fatalities, only behind Morakot earlier in the season, which caused 789 deaths and damages worth $6.2 billion.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
In government, unicameralism (Latin uni, one + camera, chamber) is the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber.
Unilever () is a British-Dutch transnational consumer goods company co-headquartered in London, United Kingdom and Rotterdam, Netherlands.
The United Football League, commonly known as the UFL, was an association football league, replaced by the Philippines Football League, based in the National Capital Region of the Philippines, governed by the Football Alliance (FA) in partnership with United Football Clubs Association (UFCA).
The United Nationalist Alliance (UNA) is a political party in the Philippines.
United Nations Avenue (also known by its abbreviation, U.N. Avenue) is a major thoroughfare in Manila, Philippines.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Universidad de Manila (UdM) (formerly known as City College of Manila is a public university in Manila, Philippines. It is one of the two city-funded universities of Manila. The main campus of Universidad de Manila, which houses the Administration Building of the Division of City Schools-Manila, is at the heart of the Mehan Garden adjacent to the Liwasang Bonifacio, Manila City Library and the Light Rail Transit Central Terminal. Apart from its main campus, the university maintains satellite centers in many parts of the City of Manila such as Escolta, Recto, Del Pan, San Andres, Dapitan and Tayuman. The university's original name is City College of Manila (CCM). In 2007, when Alfredo Lim was re-elected as mayor, he reverted UDM to its original name; a few months into office, he renamed it Universidad de Manila. The founder of the university, Mayor Alfredo Lim, said that the "egalitarian UDM complements the elite PLM. For its part, the City College delivers practical education to the less fortunate but deserving students."Jorge, Rome. "" The Manila Times Internet Edition. June 22, 2008.
The Universidad de San Ignacio was a university in the city of Manila which existed during the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines.
The University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP), established in 1938, is an athletic association of eight Metro Manila universities in the Philippines.
The University Belt is the unofficial name of a de facto subdistrict in Manila, Philippines.
The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaiokinai.
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, or simply the University of Santo Tomas (UST), is a private, Roman Catholic research university in Manila, Philippines.
The University of Santo Tomas Hospital (simply UST Hospital or USTH) is a hospital located at the University of Santo Tomas.
The University of the City of Manila (Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila) is a city government funded and tuition-free local university situated inside the historic walled area of Intramuros, Manila, Philippines.
The University of the Philippines Manila (UPM) is a state-related medical and research university located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines.
The University of the Philippines Manila Museum of a History of Ideas is a university museum located in Ermita, Manila, Philippines.
The University of Santo Tomas Museum of Arts and Sciences is the oldest existing museum in the Philippines.
Visual pollution is an aesthetic issue and refers to the impacts of pollution that impair one's ability to enjoy a vista or view.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
Water privatization in Metro Manila began when the then President of the Philippines, Fidel Ramos, instructed the government in 1994 to solve what he called the water crisis in Manila by engaging with the private sector.
Waze (formerly FreeMap Israel) is GPS navigation software that works on smartphones and tablets with GPS support.
WebCite is an on-demand archiving service, designed to digitally preserve scientific and educationally important material on the web by making snapshots of Internet contents as they existed at the time when a blogger, or a scholar or a Wikipedia editor cited or quoted from it.
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
William Howard Taft (September 15, 1857 – March 8, 1930) was the 27th President of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth Chief Justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices.
Wine is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
The World Health Organization (WHO; French: Organisation mondiale de la santé) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
, literally "Port to the side" or "Beside the port", is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan.
John Marvin C. Nieto, popularly known as Yul Servo, is a Filipino actor and politician.
The 1645 Luzon earthquake was one of the most destructive earthquakes to hit the Philippines.
The 1934 Far Eastern Championship Games was the tenth edition of the regional multi-sport event, contested between China, Japan and the Philippines, and was held from 16–20 May in Manila, the Philippines.
The 1954 Asian Games (officially known as the Second Asian Games – Manila 1954) was a multi-sport event held in Manila, Philippines from May 1 to 9, 1954.
The 1960 Asian Basketball Confederation Championship for Men was held in Manila, Philippines.
The 1973 Asian Basketball Confederation Championship for Men were held in Manila, Philippines.
The 1978 FIBA World Championship was an international basketball competition hosted by Philippines from October 1 to 14, 1978.
The 2005 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 23rd Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Manila, Philippines.
The 2010 World Cup of Pool was the fifth World Cup of Pool championship.
For main Top 5 Division, see: 2012 Asian Five Nations The 2012 Asian Five Nations division tournaments, known as the 2012 HSBC Asian 5 Nations due to the tournament's sponsorship by the HSBC, refer to the divisions played within the tournament.
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