110 relations: ABC News (Australia), Adampan, Adansonia digitata, Administrative division, Anuradhapura, Appar, Aquifer, Artesian aquifer, B. Deniswaran, BBC News, British Ceylon, Brown earth, Buddhism in Sri Lanka, Capital city, Catholic Church, Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Chilaw, Christianity in Sri Lanka, Colebrooke–Cameron Commission, Colombo, Districts of Sri Lanka, Divisional Secretariats of Sri Lanka, Dutch Ceylon, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, Fishing net, G. Gunaseelan, Giant's Tank, Government Agent (Sri Lanka), Government of Sri Lanka, Grama Niladhari, Gulf of Mannar, Hinduism in Sri Lanka, Hunais Farook, Independence Day (Sri Lanka), India, Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, Islam in Sri Lanka, ISO 3166-2:LK, Jaffna, Jaffna District, Jaffna Kingdom, Kanyakumari, Kerala, Ketheeswaram temple, Kochi, Latosol, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, Local government in Sri Lanka, Madhu Divisional Secretariat, Madhu, Sri Lanka, ..., Malvathu River, Mannar Divisional Council, Mannar Divisional Secretariat, Mannar Urban Council, Mannar, Sri Lanka, Manthai East Divisional Secretariat, Manthai West Divisional Council, Manthai West Divisional Secretariat, Montmorillonite, Mukkuvar, Mullaitivu District, Musalai Divisional Secretariat, Musali Divisional Council, Nanaddan, Nanaddan Divisional Council, Nanaddan Divisional Secretariat, Negombo, New Delhi, Northern Province, Sri Lanka, Northern Provincial Council, Oxford University Press, Parliament of Sri Lanka, Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica, Portuguese Ceylon, Portuguese people, Postal codes in Sri Lanka, Provinces of Sri Lanka, Rajarata, Religion in Sri Lanka, Rishad Bathiudeen, S. R. P. Sraiva, Sambandar, Selvam Adaikalanathan, Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project, Sinhalese language, Sinhalese people, Sivasakthy Ananthan, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Armed Forces, Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka Muslim Congress, Sri Lankan Civil War, Sri Lankan Moors, Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Tamils, Sundarar, Tamil Eelam, Tamil language, Tamil Muslim, Tamil National Alliance, Tamil United Liberation Front, Tamils, Telephone numbers in Sri Lanka, Thoothukudi, United People's Freedom Alliance, Vankalai massacre, Vasco da Gama, Vino Noharathalingam, Western world, Wilpattu National Park. Expand index (60 more) » « Shrink index
ABC News is a national news service in Australia produced by the News and Current Affairs division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Adampan is a small town in Sri Lanka.
Adansonia digitata, the baobab, is the most widespread of the Adansonia species, and is native to the African continent.
An administrative division, unit, entity, area or region, also referred to as a subnational entity, statoid, constituent unit, or country subdivision, is a portion of a country or other region delineated for the purpose of administration.
Anuradhapura (අනුරාධපුරය; Tamil: அனுராதபுரம்) is a major city in Sri Lanka.
Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar (திருநாவுக்கரசர் "King of the Tongue, Lord of Language"), also known as Navakkarasar and Appar "Father", was a seventh-century Śaiva Tamil poet-saint, one of the most prominent of the sixty-three Nayanars.
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, or silt).
An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure.
Balasubramaniam Deniswaran (பாலசுப்பிரமணியம் டெனிஸ்வரன்) is a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician and former provincial minister.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
Ceylon (Sinhala: බ්රිතාන්ය ලංකාව, Brithānya Laṃkāva; Tamil: பிரித்தானிய இலங்கை, Birithaniya Ilangai) was a British Crown colony between 1815 and 1948.
Brown earth is a type of soil.
Theravada Buddhism is the religion of 70.2% of the population of Sri Lanka.
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka (Sinhala: Sri Lankavay Katholika Sabhava) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome.
Chilaw (හලාවත/Halāvata in Sinhala and சிலாபம் /Cilāpam in Tamil) is a large town in Puttalam District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Christianity is a minority religion in Sri Lanka.
The Colebrooke–Cameron Commission was appointed in 1822 as a Royal Commission of Eastern Inquiry by the British Colonial Office.
Colombo (translit,; translit) is the commercial capital and largest city of Sri Lanka.
In Sri Lanka, districts (Distrikka, மாவட்டம்) are the second-level administrative divisions, and are included in a province.
The districts of Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats.
Dutch Ceylon (Sinhala: ලන්දේසි ලංකාව Landesi Lankava) was a governorate established in present-day Sri Lanka by the Dutch East India Company.
The Eastern Province (கிழக்கு மாகாணம் Kil̮akku Mākāṇam; නැගෙනහිර පළාත Næ̆gĕnahira Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
A fishing net is a net used for fishing.
Gnanaseelan Gunaseelan is a Sri Lankan Tamil physician, politician and provincial minister.
Giant's Tank (translit; යෝධ වැව Yōdha Væva) is an irrigation tank in northern Sri Lanka, approximately south east of Mannar.
A Government Agent (GA) or a District Secretary is a Sri Lankan civil servant of the Sri Lanka Administrative Service appointed by the central government to govern a certain district of the country.
The Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා රජය Śrī Laṃkā Rajaya) is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution.
A Grama Niladhari ("village officer") is a Sri Lankan public official appointed by the central government to carry out administrative duties in a grama niladhari division, which is a sub-unit of a divisional secretariat.
The Gulf of Mannar is a large shallow bay forming part of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean.
Hinduism has a long tradition in Sri Lanka.
Unaiz Farook (March 15, 1973 -) is a Sri Lankan politician who represents the Vanni multi-member electoral district in the Sri Lankan Parliament.
Sri Lanka's Independence Day is celebrated on 4th of February to commemorate its internal political independence from British rule on that day in 1948.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka.
Islam is a minority religion in Sri Lanka.
ISO 3166-2:LK is the entry for Sri Lanka in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka.
Jaffna District (யாழ்ப்பாணம் மாவட்டம் Yāḻppāṇam Māvaṭṭam; යාපනය දිස්ත්රික්කය yāpanaya distrikkaya) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country.
The Jaffna Kingdom (யாழ்ப்பாண அரசு) (1215–1624 CE), also known as Kingdom of Aryacakravarti, of modern northern Sri Lanka was a historic monarchy that came into existence around the town of Jaffna on the Jaffna peninsula traditionally thought to be established after the invasion of Magha, who is credited with the founding of the Jaffna kingdom and is said to have been from Kalinga, in India.
Kanyakumari is a City in Kanyakumari district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
Latosol is a name given to soils found under tropical rainforests with a relatively high content of iron and aluminium oxides.
The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (translit, translit, commonly known as the LTTE or the Tamil Tigers) was a Tamil militant organization that was based in northeastern Sri Lanka.
Local government is the third and lowest level of government in Sri Lanka – after the central government and provincial councils.
Madhu Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mannar District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Madhu is town in Mannar District, Sri Lanka.
The Malvathu River (මල්වතු ඔය Malvathu Oya, அருவி ஆறு Aruvi Aru) is a long river in Sri Lanka, connecting the city of Anuradhapura, which was the capital of the country for over 15 centuries, to the coast of Mannar.
Mannar Divisional Council (மன்னார் பிரதேச சபை Maṉṉār Piratēca Capai; MDC) is the local authority for Mannar DS Division in northern Sri Lanka, except for the town of Mannar which has its own local authority.
Mannar Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mannar District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Mannar Urban Council (மன்னார் நகர சபை Maṉṉār Nakara Capai; MUC) is the local authority for the town of Mannar in north-western Sri Lanka.
Mannar (மன்னார், මන්නාරම), formerly spelled Manar, is a large town and the main town of Mannar District, Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Manthai East Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mullaitivu District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Manthai West Divisional Council (மாந்தை மேற்கு பிரதேச சபை Māntai Mēṟku Piratēca Capai; MWDC) is the local authority for Manthai West DS Division in northern Sri Lanka.
Manthai West Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mannar District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Montmorillonite is a very soft phyllosilicate group of minerals that form when they precipitate from water solution as microscopic crystals, known as clay. It is named after Montmorillon in France. Montmorillonite, a member of the smectite group, is a 2:1 clay, meaning that it has two tetrahedral sheets of silica sandwiching a central octahedral sheet of alumina. The particles are plate-shaped with an average diameter around 1 μm and a thickness of 9.6 nm; magnification of about 25,000 times, using an electron microscope, is required to "see" individual clay particles. Members of this group include saponite. Montmorillonite is a subclass of smectite, a 2:1 phyllosilicate mineral characterized as having greater than 50% octahedral charge; its cation exchange capacity is due to isomorphous substitution of Mg for Al in the central alumina plane. The substitution of lower valence cations in such instances leaves the nearby oxygen atoms with a net negative charge that can attract cations. In contrast, beidellite is smectite with greater than 50% tetrahedral charge originating from isomorphous substitution of Al for Si in the silica sheet. The individual crystals of montmorillonite clay are not tightly bound hence water can intervene, causing the clay to swell. The water content of montmorillonite is variable and it increases greatly in volume when it absorbs water. Chemically, it is hydrated sodium calcium aluminium magnesium silicate hydroxide (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2·nH2O. Potassium, iron, and other cations are common substitutes, and the exact ratio of cations varies with source. It often occurs intermixed with chlorite, muscovite, illite, cookeite, and kaolinite.
Mukkuvar is a caste found in the coastal regions of Sri Lanka and the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Mullaitivu District (முல்லைத்தீவு மாவட்டம் Mullaittīvu Māvaṭṭam; මුලතිවු දිස්ත්රික්කය) is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country.
Musalai Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mannar District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Musali Divisional Council (முசலி பிரதேச சபை Mucali Piratēca Capai; MDC) is the local authority for Musali DS Division in northern Sri Lanka.
Nanaddan is a small town in Sri Lanka.
Nanaddan Divisional Council (நானாட்டான் பிரதேச சபை Nāṉāṭṭāṉ Piratēca Capai; NDC) is the local authority for Nanaddan DS Division in northern Sri Lanka.
Nanaddan Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Mannar District, of Northern Province, Sri Lanka.
Negombo is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the west coast and at the mouth of the Negombo Lagoon, in Western Province.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of Government of India.
The Northern Province (வட மாகாணம் Vaṭa Mākāṇam; උතුරු පළාත Uturu Paḷāta) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country.
Northern Provincial Council (வட மாகாண சபை Vaṭa Mākāṇa Capai; NPC) is the provincial council for the Northern Province in Sri Lanka.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව Shri Lanka Parlimenthuwa, Tamil: இலங்கை நாடாளுமன்றம்) is the supreme legislative body of Sri Lanka.
Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica, also known as the Rameshwaram ornamental, or Rameshwaram parachute spider, is a critically endangered species of tarantula.
Portuguese Ceylon (Ceilão Português, Sinhala: පෘතුගීසි ලංකාව Puruthugisi Lankawa) was the control of the Kingdom of Kotte by the Portuguese Empire, in present-day Sri Lanka, after the country's Crisis of the Sixteenth Century and into the Kandyan period.
Portuguese people are an ethnic group indigenous to Portugal that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese.
Postal codes in Sri Lanka are five digit numbers used by Sri Lanka Post to sort mail more efficiently.
In Sri Lanka, provinces (translit; translit) are the first level administrative division.
Rajarata (Sinhala: රජරට) (Tamil: ரஜரட) was one of three historical regions of the island of Sri Lanka for about 1,700 years from the 6th century BCE to the early 13th century CE.
Sri Lanka's population practices a variety of religions.
Abdu Rishad Bathiudeen is a Sri Lankan politician, a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and the Minister of Industry & Commerce of Sri Lanka since April 2010.
Anthony Soosai Ratnam Pirimus Sraiva is a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician and provincial councillor.
Sambandar (also called Thirugyana Sambandar, Tirugnana Sambanthar, Campantar, Champantar, Jnanasambandar, Gnanasambandar) was a young Saiva poet-saint of Tamil Nadu who lived around the 7th century CE.
Amirthanathan Adaikalanathan (அமிர்தநாதன் அடைக்கலநாதன்; born 10 June 1962; commonly known as Selvam Adaikalanathan) is a Sri Lankan Tamil militant turned politician and Member of Parliament.
Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project is a proposed project to create a shipping route in the shallow straits between India and Sri Lanka.
Sinhalese, known natively as Sinhala (සිංහල; siṁhala), is the native language of the Sinhalese people, who make up the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, numbering about 16 million.
The Sinhalese (Sinhala: සිංහල ජාතිය Sinhala Jathiya, also known as Hela) are an Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic group native to the island of Sri Lanka.
Annamalai Nadesu Sivasakthy Ananthan (born 29 July 1964) is a Sri Lankan Tamil politician and Member of Parliament.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
The Sri Lanka Armed Forces is the overall unified military of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka encompassing the Sri Lanka Army, the Sri Lanka Navy,and the Sri Lanka Air Force; they are governed by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
The Sri Lankan Army (Śrī Laṃkā yuddha hamudāva; Ilankai iraṇuvam) is the oldest and largest of the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and is the nation's army.
The Sri Lanka Muslim Congress (translit; ශ්රී ලංකා මුස්ලිම් කොංග්රසය Sri Lanka Muslim Kongrasaya) is a political party in Sri Lanka.
The Sri Lankan Civil War was an armed conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka.
Sri Lankan Moors (translit; translit formerly Ceylon Moors; colloquially referred to as Muslims or Moors) are an ethnic minority group in Sri Lanka, comprising 9.3% of the country's total population.
The Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora refers to the global diaspora of Sri Lankan Tamil origin.
Sri Lankan Tamils (also) or Ceylon Tamils, also known as Eelam Tamils in Tamil, are members of the Tamil ethnic group native to the South Asian island state of Sri Lanka.
Sundarar (Tamil Cundarar), also known affectionately as Tampiran Tōḻan (Comrade of the Master, meaning friend of Shiva) was an eighth-century poet who was one of the most prominent Nayanars, the Shaiva bhakti (devotional) poets of Tamil Nadu.
Tamil Eelam (தமிழீழம் tamiḻ īḻam, generally rendered outside Tamil-speaking areas as தமிழ் ஈழம்) is a proposed independent state that Tamils in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora aspire to create in the north and east of Sri Lanka.
Tamil (தமிழ்) is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Burghers, Douglas, and Chindians.
Tamil Muslims are Tamils who practise Islam.
The Tamil National Alliance (தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu; TNA) is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority.
The Tamil United Liberation Front (தமிழர் ஐக்கிய விடுதலை முன்னணி, ද්රවිඩ එක්සත් විමුක්ති පෙරමුණ) is a political party in Sri Lanka which seeks independence for the Tamil-populated areas of Sri Lanka.
The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilans, or simply Tamils, are a Dravidian ethnic group who speak Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Indian Union territory of Puducherry, or the Northern, Eastern Province and Puttalam District of Sri Lanka.
Thoothukudi, also known by its British name Tuticorin, is a port city and a municipal corporation and an industrial city in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
The United People's Freedom Alliance, often abbreviated as UPFA (එක්සත් ජනතා නිදහස් සන්ධානය Eksath Janathā Nidahas Sandānaya, ஐக்கிய மக்கள் சுதந்திரக் கூட்டணி), is a political alliance in Sri Lanka founded by former Sri Lankan president Chandrika Kumaratunga in 2004.
The Vankalai massacre was a massacre of a family of four minority Sri Lankan Tamils at the hands of the Sri Lankan military personnel from the village of Vankalai in Mannar District, Sri Lanka on June 8, 2006.
Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira (c. 1460s – 24 December 1524), was a Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea.
Subramanyam Noharathalingam (சுப்பிரமணியம் நோகராதலிங்கம்; born 7 June 1963; commonly known as Vino Noharathalingam) is a Sri Lankan Tamil politician and former Member of Parliament.
The Western world refers to various nations depending on the context, most often including at least part of Europe and the Americas.
Wilpattu National Park (Willu-pattu; Land of Lakes) is a park located on the island of Sri Lanka.