166 relations: Abbey, Al-Andalus, Alcázar, Alqueria, Amstel, Andalusia, Ansitz, Arnhem, Arrowslit, Asturias, Bailiff, Baserri, Basque Country (autonomous community), Bastle house, Beemster, Beira (Portugal), Biltmore Estate, Buitenplaats, Burghley House, Cantabria, Caput, Casa montañesa, Castilla–La Mancha, Castle, Chapel, Charles Gillette, Château, Château de Kerjean, Copyhold, Cortijo, Coup de main, Courtyard, Deer park (England), Demesne, Dissolution of the Monasteries, Ditch (fortification), Dovecote, Drawbridge, Drenthe, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch Revolt, Elizabeth I of England, English country house, English feudal barony, Entre-Douro-e-Minho Province, Extremadura, Factory, Farm, Feudalism, Finistère, ..., Forde Abbey, Former eastern territories of Germany, Fortification, French Wars of Religion, Friesland, Fuero, Galicia (Spain), Gatehouse, Gelderland, Gentry, German language, Great hall, Great house, Groningen (province), Hacienda, Hatfield House, Heanton Punchardon, Heanton Satchville, Petrockstowe, Heerlijkheid, Henry VIII of England, Hudson Valley, Hughenden Manor, Hundred Years' War, James River, James VI and I, John Hill (died 1408), John Prince (biographer), Kennemerland, Latin, Levante, Spain, Licence to crenellate, List of castles in the Netherlands, List of manor houses, Livestock, Longleat, Lord of the manor, Manor, Manorial court, Manorialism, Mansion, Medina, Merchant, Mining, Mississippi Delta, Moat, Napoleonic Code, National Register of Historic Places listings in Richmond, Virginia, Navarre, Netherlands, Nobility, Nostell Priory, Nutwell, Oil mill, Overijssel, Palace, Parador, Pazo, Peel tower, Plantation, Polder, Portugal, Portuguese nobility, Pousadas de Portugal, Priory, Province of Granada, Province of León, Quadrangular castle, Reconquista, Reeve (England), Regenten, Renaissance, Renaissance in Poland, Richmond, Virginia, Roman villa, Seneschal, Siege, Solar (room), South Carolina Lowcountry, Southern Basque Country, Spaarne, Spain, Spanish Empire, Spanish royal family, Steward (office), Stins, Surrey, Sutton Place, Surrey, Szlachta, Topography, Tower house, Tower houses in Britain and Ireland, Townhouse, Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province, Tristram Risdon, Tudor period, Utrecht (province), Utrecht Hill Ridge, Valencian Community, Vecht (Utrecht), Venison, Villa, Virginia Historical Society, Virginia House, Vliet (canal), Waddesdon Manor, Wars of the Roses, Warwickshire, Wassenaar, Watchtower, Watergraafsmeer, Windsor Farms, Woburn Abbey, World War II, Yarnscombe, 17th century, 18th century. Expand index (116 more) » « Shrink index
An abbey is a complex of buildings used by members of a religious order under the governance of an abbot or abbess.
Al-Andalus (الأنْدَلُس, trans.; al-Ándalus; al-Ândalus; al-Àndalus; Berber: Andalus), also known as Muslim Spain, Muslim Iberia, or Islamic Iberia, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal.
An alcázar is a type of Moorish castle or palace in Spain and Portugal built during Muslim rule, although some were founded by Christians and others were built on earlier Roman or Visigothic fortifications.
An alquería (alqueria, alcaria; from Arabic al-qarīa, "village, hamlet") in Al-Andalus made reference to small rural communities that were located near cities (medinas).
The Amstel is a river in the Netherlands which flows from Nieuwveen, South Holland to Amsterdam, North Holland.
Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.
An Ansitz is a small residence designed for the lower nobility of the Germanic Alpine region.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
An arrowslit (often also referred to as an arrow loop, loophole or loop hole, and sometimes a balistraria) is a narrow vertical aperture in a fortification through which an archer can launch arrows.
Asturias (Asturies; Asturias), officially the Principality of Asturias (Principado de Asturias; Principáu d'Asturies), is an autonomous community in north-west Spain.
A bailiff (from Middle English baillif, Old French baillis, bail "custody, charge, office"; cf. bail, based on the adjectival form, baiulivus, of Latin bajulus, carrier, manager) is a manager, overseer or custodian; a legal officer to whom some degree of authority or jurisdiction is given.
A baserri (Spanish: caserío vasco; French: maison basque) is a traditional half-timbered or stone-built type of housebarn farmhouse found in the Basque Country in Northern Spain and Southwestern France.
The Basque Country (Euskadi; País Vasco; Pays Basque), officially the Basque Autonomous Community (Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa, EAE; Comunidad Autónoma Vasca, CAV) is an autonomous community in northern Spain.
Bastel, bastle, or bastille houses are a type of construction found along the Anglo-Scottish border, in the areas formerly plagued by border Reivers.
Beemster is a municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Beira was one of the six traditional provinces or comarcas of Portugal.
Biltmore Estate is a large (6950.4 acre or 10.86 square miles) private estate and tourist attraction in Asheville, North Carolina.
A buitenplaats (literally "outside place") was a summer residence for rich townspeople in the Netherlands.
Burghley House is a grand sixteenth-century country house in the civil parishes of St Martin's Without and Barnack in the Peterborough unitary authority of the English county of Cambridgeshire, but adjoining Stamford in Lincolnshire.
Cantabria is a historic Spanish community and autonomous community with Santander as its capital city.
Caput, a Latin word meaning literally "head" and by metonymy "top", has been borrowed in a variety of English words, including capital, captain, and decapitate.
The type of architecture referred to as Casa montañesa is a form of traditional construction of La Montaña and the communities of Cantabria, east of Asturias and northern Castile and León in northern Spain.
Castilla–La Mancha (or Castile–La Mancha) is an autonomous community of Spain.
A castle (from castellum) is a type of fortified structure built during the Middle Ages by predominantly the nobility or royalty and by military orders.
The term chapel usually refers to a Christian place of prayer and worship that is attached to a larger, often nonreligious institution or that is considered an extension of a primary religious institution.
Charles Freeman Gillette (1886–1969) was a prominent landscape architect in the upper South who specialized in the creation of grounds supporting Colonial Revival architecture, particularly in Richmond, Virginia.
A château (plural châteaux; in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.
Château de Kerjean is a 16th-century fortified chateau (manor house) located close to the town of Saint-Vougay, in the Finistère department of Brittany, France.
Copyhold tenure was a form of customary tenure of land common in England from the Middle Ages.
A cortijo is a type of traditional rural habitat (akin to the German Bauernhof, also known as a Farmhouse in English) in the Southern half of Spain, including all of Andalusia and parts of Extremadura and Castile-La Mancha.
A coup de main (plural: coups de main, French for blow with the hand) is a swift attack that relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow.
A courtyard or court is a circumscribed area, often surrounded by a building or complex, that is open to the sky.
In medieval and Early Modern England, a deer park was an enclosed area containing deer.
In the feudal system, the demesne was all the land which was retained by a lord of the manor for his own use and support, under his own management, as distinguished from land sub-enfeoffed by him to others as sub-tenants.
The Dissolution of the Monasteries, sometimes referred to as the Suppression of the Monasteries, was the set of administrative and legal processes between 1536 and 1541 by which Henry VIII disbanded monasteries, priories, convents and friaries in England and Wales and Ireland, appropriated their income, disposed of their assets, and provided for their former personnel and functions.
A ditch in military engineering is an obstacle, designed to slow down or break up an attacking force, while a trench is intended to provide cover to the defenders.
A dovecote or dovecot (Scots: doocot) is a structure intended to house pigeons or doves.
A drawbridge or draw-bridge is a type of movable bridge typically associated with the entrance of a castle and a number of towers, surrounded by a moat.
Drenthe is a province of the Netherlands located in the northeastern part of the country.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
The Dutch Revolt (1568–1648)This article adopts 1568 as the starting date of the war, as this was the year of the first battles between armies.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
An English country house is a large house or mansion in the English countryside.
In the kingdom of England, a feudal barony or barony by tenure was the highest degree of feudal land tenure, namely per baroniam (Latin for "by barony") under which the land-holder owed the service of being one of the king's barons.
Entre Douro e Minho is one of the historical provinces of Portugal which encompassed the country's northern Atlantic seaboard between the Douro and Minho rivers.
Extremadura (is an autonomous community of western Iberian Peninsula whose capital city is Mérida, recognised by the State of Autonomy of Extremadura. It is made up of the two largest provinces of Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz. It is bordered by the provinces of Salamanca and Ávila (Castile and León) to the north; by provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castile–La Mancha) to the east, and by the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córdoba (Andalusia) to the south; and by Portugal to the west. Its official language is Spanish. It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which was designated a National Park in 2007, and the International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Tajo Internacional). The government of Extremadura is called. The Day of Extremadura is celebrated on 8 September. It coincides with the Catholic festivity of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
A farm is an area of land that is devoted primarily to agricultural processes with the primary objective of producing food and other crops; it is the basic facility in food production.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
Finistère (Penn-ar-Bed) is a department of France in the extreme west of Brittany.
Forde Abbey is a privately owned former Cistercian monastery in Dorset, England, with a postal address in Chard, Somerset.
The former eastern territories of Germany (Ehemalige deutsche Ostgebiete) are those provinces or regions east of the current eastern border of Germany (the Oder–Neisse line) which were lost by Germany after World War I and then World War II.
A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare; and is also used to solidify rule in a region during peacetime.
The French Wars of Religion refers to a prolonged period of war and popular unrest between Roman Catholics and Huguenots (Reformed/Calvinist Protestants) in the Kingdom of France between 1562 and 1598.
Friesland (official, Fryslân), also historically known as Frisia, is a province of the Netherlands located in the northern part of the country.
Fuero, Fur, Foro or Foru is a Spanish legal term and concept.
Galicia (Galician: Galicia, Galiza; Galicia; Galiza) is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law.
A gatehouse is a building enclosing or accompanying a gateway for a town, religious house, castle, manor house, or other buildings of importance.
Gelderland (also Guelders in English) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country.
The gentry (genterie; Old French gentil: "high-born") are the "well-born, genteel, and well-bred people" of the social class below the nobility of a society.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages, and continued to be built in the country houses of the 16th and early 17th centuries, although by then the family used the great chamber for eating and relaxing.
A great house is a large house or mansion with luxurious appointments and great retinues of indoor and outdoor staff.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunn; Grinslân) is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands.
An hacienda (or; or), in the colonies of the Spanish Empire, is an estate, similar in form to a Roman villa.
Hatfield House is a country house set in a large park, the Great Park, on the eastern side of the town of Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England.
Heanton Punchardon is a village, civil parish and former manor, anciently part of Braunton Hundred.
Heanton Satchville was a historic manor in the parish of Petrockstowe, North Devon, England.
A heerlijkheid (a Dutch word; pl. heerlijkheden; also called heerschap; Latin: Dominium) was a landed estate that served as the lowest administrative and judicial unit in rural areas in the Dutch-speaking Low Countries before 1800.
Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 1509 until his death.
The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in the U.S. state of New York, from the cities of Albany and Troy southward to Yonkers in Westchester County.
Hughenden Manor is a red brick Victorian mansion, located near High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625.
Sir John Hill (died 1408) of Kytton in the parish of Holcombe Rogus, and of Hill's Court in the parish of St Sidwell in the City of Exeter, both in Devon, was a Justice of the King's Bench from 1389 to 1407.
Kennemerland is a coastal region in the northwestern Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Levante (Catalan: Llevant; "Levant, East") is a name used to refer to the eastern region of the Iberian Peninsula, on the Spanish Mediterranean coast.
In medieval England, Wales and the Channel Islands a licence to crenellate (or licence to fortify) granted the holder permission to fortify their property.
This is a list of castles in the Netherlands per province.
A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor in Europe.
Livestock are domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and wool.
Longleat is an English stately home and the seat of the Marquesses of Bath.
In British or Irish history, the lordship of a manor is a lordship emanating from the feudal system of manorialism.
A manor in English law is an estate in land to which is incident the right to hold a court termed court baron, that is to say a manorial court.
The manorial courts were the lowest courts of law in England during the feudal period.
Manorialism was an essential element of feudal society.
A mansion is a large dwelling house.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people.
Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually from an orebody, lode, vein, seam, reef or placer deposit.
The Mississippi Delta, also known as the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta, is the distinctive northwest section of the U.S. state of Mississippi (and small portions of Arkansas and Louisiana) which lies between the Mississippi and Yazoo Rivers.
A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle, fortification, building or town, historically to provide it with a preliminary line of defence.
The Napoleonic Code (officially Code civil des Français, referred to as (le) Code civil) is the French civil code established under Napoléon I in 1804.
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Richmond, Virginia.
Navarre (Navarra, Nafarroa; Navarra), officially the Chartered Community of Navarre (Spanish: Comunidad Foral de Navarra; Basque: Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea), is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Autonomous Community, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Nouvelle-Aquitaine in France.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
Nobility is a social class in aristocracy, normally ranked immediately under royalty, that possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in a society and with membership thereof typically being hereditary.
Nostell Priory is a Palladian house located in Nostell, near Crofton close to Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England, approached by the Doncaster road from Wakefield.
Nutwell in the parish of Woodbury on the south coast of Devon is a historic manor and the site of a Georgian neo-classical Grade II* listed mansion house known as Nutwell Court.
An oil mill is a grinding mill designed to crush or bruise oil-bearing seeds, such as linseed or peanuts, or other oil-rich vegetable material, such as olives or the fruit of the oil palm, which can then be pressed to extract vegetable oils, which may used as foods or for cooking, as oleochemical feedstocks, as lubricants, or as biofuels.
Overijssel (Dutch Low Saxon: Oaveriessel) is a province of the Netherlands in the central-eastern part of the country.
A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.
A parador, in Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries, is a kind of luxury hotel, usually located in a converted historic building such as a monastery or castle.
A Pazo is a type of Galician traditional house.
Peel towers (also spelt pele) are small fortified keeps or tower houses, built along the English and Scottish borders in the Scottish Marches and North of England, intended as watch towers where signal fires could be lit by the garrison to warn of approaching danger.
A plantation is a large-scale farm that specializes in cash crops.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Portuguese nobility was the class of legally privileged and titled persons (nobility) recognized by the Kingdom of Portugal.
Pousadas de Portugal is a chain of luxury, traditional or historical hotels in Portugal.
A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress.
Granada is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia.
León is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León.
A quadrangular castle or courtyard castle is a type of castle characterised by ranges of buildings which are integral with the curtain walls, enclosing a central ward or quadrangle, and typically with angle towers.
The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
Originally in Anglo-Saxon England the reeve was a senior official with local responsibilities under the Crown, e.g., as the chief magistrate of a town or district.
In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, the regenten (the Dutch plural for regent) were the rulers of the Dutch Republic, the leaders of the Dutch cities or the heads of organisations (e.g. "regent of an orphanage").
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
The Renaissance in Poland (Renesans, Odrodzenie; literally: the Rebirth) lasted from the late 15th to the late 16th century and is widely considered to have been the Golden Age of Polish culture.
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
A Roman villa was a country house built for the upper class in the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, similar in form to the hacienda estates in the colonies of the Spanish Empire.
A seneschal was a senior court appointment within a royal, ducal, or noble household during the Middle Ages and early Modern period, historically a steward or majordomo of a medieval great house, such as a royal household.
A siege is a military blockade of a city, or fortress, with the intent of conquering by attrition, or a well-prepared assault.
The solar was a room in many English and French medieval manor houses, great houses and castles, generally situated on an upper storey, designed as the family's private living and sleeping quarters.
The Lowcountry (sometimes Low Country or just low country) is a geographic and cultural region along South Carolina's coast, including the Sea Islands.
The Southern Basque Country (Hegoalde, Hego Euskal Herria; Hegoalde, País Vasco y Navarra, País Vasco peninsular) is a term used to refer to the Basque territories within Spain as a unified whole.
The Spaarne is a river, in North Holland, Netherlands.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
The House of Bourbon-Anjou (or simply House of Bourbon-Spain) is the current Spanish Royal Family.
A steward is an official who is appointed by the legal ruling monarch to represent them in a country, and may have a mandate to govern it in their name; in the latter case, synonymous with the position of regent, vicegerent, viceroy (for Romance languages), governor, or deputy (the Roman rector, praefectus or vicarius).
A stins (Dutch, pl. stinsen; from West Frisian stienhûs "stone house", shortened to stins, pl. stinzen) is a former stronghold or villa in the province of Friesland, the Netherlands.
Surrey is a county in South East England, and one of the home counties.
Sutton Place, 3 miles north-east of Guildford in Surrey, is a Grade I listed Tudor manor house built c. 1525 by Sir Richard Weston (d. 1541), courtier of Henry VIII.
The szlachta (exonym: Nobility) was a legally privileged noble class in the Kingdom of Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Ruthenia, Samogitia (both after Union of Lublin became a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) and the Zaporozhian Host.
Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids.
A tower house is a particular type of stone structure, built for defensive purposes as well as habitation.
The tower house (caisleán) appeared in the British Isles, starting from the High Middle Ages.
A townhouse, or town house as used in North America, Asia, Australia, South Africa and parts of Europe, is a type of terraced housing.
Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro is a historical province of Portugal located in the northeastern corner of the country.
Tristram Risdon (c. 1580 – 1640) was an English antiquarian and topographer, and the author of Survey of the County of Devon.
The Tudor period is the period between 1485 and 1603 in England and Wales and includes the Elizabethan period during the reign of Elizabeth I until 1603.
Utrecht is a province of the Netherlands.
Utrecht Hill Ridge (Utrechtse Heuvelrug) is a ridge of low sandhills that stretches in a direction from southeast to northwest over the Dutch province of Utrecht and over a part of North Holland.
The Valencian Community, or the Valencian Country, is an autonomous community of Spain.
The Vecht is a Rhine branch in the Dutch province of Utrecht.
Venison is the meat of a deer.
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house.
The Virginia Historical Society (VHS), founded in 1831 as the Virginia Historical and Philosophical Society and headquartered in Richmond, Virginia, is a major repository, research, and teaching center for Virginia history.
Virginia House is a manor house on a hillside overlooking the James River in the Windsor Farms neighborhood of Richmond, Virginia, United States.
The Vliet is a canal in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland.
Waddesdon Manor is a country house in the village of Waddesdon, in Buckinghamshire, England.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.
Warwickshire (abbreviated Warks) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands of England.
Wassenaar (population: in) is a municipality and town located in the province of South Holland, on the western coast of the Netherlands.
A watchtower is a type of fortification used in many parts of the world.
The Watergraafsmeer is a polder in the Netherlands.
Windsor Farms is a 20th-century neighborhood in Richmond, Virginia, of primarily Colonial Revival design.
Woburn Abbey occupying the east of the village of Woburn, Bedfordshire, England, is a country house, the family seat of the Duke of Bedford.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yarnscombe is a small village and parish in the Torridge area of Devon, England.
The 17th century was the century that lasted from January 1, 1601, to December 31, 1700, in the Gregorian calendar.
The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 to December 31, 1800 in the Gregorian calendar.