41 relations: Actus reus, Assisted suicide, Civil law (legal system), Code pénal (France), Common law, Commonwealth Law Reports, Commonwealth of Nations, Coroners and Justice Act 2009, Crime of passion, Criminal Code (Canada), Criminal negligence, Criminal transmission of HIV, Culpability, Culpable homicide, Defendant, Depraved-heart murder, Draco (lawgiver), England and Wales, English law, Gross negligence, Homicide, Homicide Act 1957, Imperfect self-defense, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting, Judge, Jurisdiction (area), Jury, Lesser included offense, Life imprisonment in Canada, Mens rea, Mitigating factor, Murder, Murder in English law, Provocation (legal), Recklessness (law), Scotland, Substance intoxication, Twinkie defense, United States, Victorian Reports, Willful blindness.
Actus reus, sometimes called the external element or the objective element of a crime, is the Latin term for the "guilty act" which, when proved beyond a reasonable doubt in combination with the mens rea, "guilty mind", produces criminal liability in the common law-based criminal law jurisdictions of England and Wales, Canada, Australia, India, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, New Zealand, Scotland, Nigeria, Ghana, Ireland, Israel and the United States of America.
Assisted suicide is suicide committed with the aid of another person, sometimes a physician.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
The Code pénal is the codification of French criminal law (droit pénal).
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
The Commonwealth Law Reports (CLR) are the authorised reports of decisions of the High Court of Australia.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Coroners and Justice Act 2009 (c. 25) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
A crime of passion (French: crime passionnel), in popular usage, refers to a violent crime, especially homicide, in which the perpetrator commits the act against someone because of sudden strong impulse such as sudden rage rather than as a premeditated crime.
The Criminal Code (Code criminelThe citation of this Act by this short title is authorised by the French text of of this Act.) is a law that codifies most criminal offences and procedures in Canada.
In criminal law, criminal negligence is a surrogate mens rea (Latin for "guilty mind") required to constitute a conventional as opposed to strict liability offense.
Criminal transmission of HIV is the intentional or reckless infection of a person with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Culpability, or being culpable, is a measure of the degree to which an agent, such as a person, can be held morally or legally responsible for action and inaction.
Culpable homicide is a categorisation of certain offences in various jurisdictions within the Commonwealth of Nations which involves the illegal killing of a person either with or without an intention to kill depending upon how a particular jurisdiction has defined the offence.
A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
In United States law, depraved-heart murder, also known as depraved-indifference murder, is a type of murder where an individual acts with a "depraved indifference" to human life and where such act results in a death, despite that individual not explicitly intending to kill.
Draco (Δράκων, Drakōn; fl. c. 7th century BC) was the first recorded legislator of Athens in Ancient Greece.
England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom.
English law is the common law legal system of England and Wales, comprising mainly criminal law and civil law, each branch having its own courts and procedures.
Gross negligence is the "lack of slight diligence or care" or "a conscious, voluntary act or omission in reckless disregard of a legal duty and of the consequences to another party." In some jurisdictions a person injured as a result of gross negligence may be able to recover punitive damages from the person who caused the injury or loss.
Homicide is the act of one human killing another.
The Homicide Act 1957 (5 & 6 Eliz.2 c.11) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Imperfect self-defense is a common law doctrine recognized by some jurisdictions whereby a defendant may mitigate punishment or sentencing imposed for a crime involving the use of deadly force by claiming, as a partial affirmative defense, the honest but unreasonable belief that the actions were necessary to counter an attack.
The Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales (ICLR) is a registered charity based in London, England, that publishes law reports of English law.
A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.
A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different from neighbouring areas.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
In criminal law, a lesser included offense is a crime for which all of the elements necessary to impose liability are also elements found in a more serious crime.
Life imprisonment in Canada is a criminal sentence for certain offences that has an indeterminate length.
Mens rea (Law Latin for "guilty mind") is the mental element of a person's intention to commit a crime; or knowledge that one's action or lack of action would cause a crime to be committed.
In United States criminal law, a mitigating factor is any information or evidence presented to the court regarding the defendant or the circumstances of the crime that might result in reduced charges or a lesser sentence.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
Murder is an offence under the common law of England and Wales.
Provocation is a set of events that might be adequate to cause a reasonable person to lose self control, whereby a criminal act is less morally culpable than a premeditated act done out of pure malice (malice aforethought).
In criminal law and in the law of tort, recklessness may be defined as the state of mind where a person deliberately and unjustifiably pursues a course of action while consciously disregarding any risks flowing from such action.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Substance intoxication is a type of substance use disorder which is potentially maladaptive and impairing, but reversible, and associated with recent use of a substance.
"Twinkie defense" is a derisive label for an improbable legal defense.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The Victorian Reports (VR) are a series of law reports which report significant cases from the Supreme Court of Victoria in its first decisions and appeal decisions jurisdictions.
Willful blindness (sometimes called ignorance of law, willful ignorance or contrived ignorance or Nelsonian knowledge) is a term used in law to describe a situation in which a person seeks to avoid civil or criminal liability for a wrongful act by intentionally keeping himself or herself unaware of facts that would render him or her liable.
Criminally negligent manslaughter, Intoxication manslaughter, Involuntary homicide, Involuntary manslaughter, Manslayer, Manslaying, Misdemeanor manslaughter, Motor manslaughter, Unintentional homicide.