230 relations: Adriatic Sea, Alberto Jori, Alessandro Magnasco, Alfredo Guzzoni, Aloysius Gonzaga, Andrea Mantegna, Andreas Hofer, Anselm of Lucca, Anthony van Dyck, Anthropology, Antonio da Correggio, Antonio Vivaldi, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, Augustus, Author, Azuchi, Shiga, Baldassare Castiglione, Basilica of Sant'Andrea, Mantua, Battle of Solferino, Bergamo, Bernardino Luini, Bishop, Bonacolsi, Boniface III, Margrave of Tuscany, Brandenburg, Brazil, Brenner Autobahn, Brenner Pass, Brescia, Bronze Age, Byzantine Empire, Cabinet (room), Camera degli Sposi, Cavriana, Cenomani (Cisalpine Gaul), Charlemagne, Charles Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Charleville-Mézières, Claudio Monteverdi, Codogno, Comune, Congress of Vienna, Constanzo Beschi, Council of Mantua (1459), County of Tyrol, Coup d'état, Courtier, Cremona, Culture, ..., Dave Rodgers, Democratic Party (Italy), Democrats of the Left, Diplomat, Domenico Fetti, Donatello, Ducal palace, Mantua, Duchy of Ferrara, Duchy of Mantua, Duchy of Milan, Emilian dialect, Ercole I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Etruscan civilization, Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, Ferrara, Festivaletteratura, Filippo Juvarra, Florin, Franca Sozzani, Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua, Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Francia, Frans Geffels, Frans Pourbus the Younger, Free imperial city, Galli da Bibiena family, Gaul, Gauls, Giacomo Benefatti, Gianfrancesco I Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua, Gino Fano, Giovanni Battista Bertani, Giulio Romano, Giuseppe Bazzani, Giuseppe Verdi, Goito, Gothic War (535–554), Guarneri, Guelphs and Ghibellines, Holy Roman Empire, House of Gonzaga, House of Habsburg, House of Malatesta, House of Savoy, Hyderabad, Ippolito Nievo, Iraq, Isabella d'Este, Italian Communist Party, Italian People's Party (1994), Italian Republican Party, Italian Socialist Party, Italian unification, Italy, Jews, Kingdom of Germany, Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire), Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Kingdom of the Lombards, L'Orfeo, Lake, Lake Garda, Landsknecht, Latin, Le roi s'amuse, Learco Guerra, Leon Battista Alberti, Leone de' Sommi, Lombardy, Longinus, Lorenzo Costa, Lovers of Valdaro, Luca Fancelli, Ludovico III Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua, Madison, Wisconsin, Mannerism, Manto (mythology), Mantova railway station, Mantua Cathedral, Mantus, March of Tuscany, Marcus Antonius Antimachus, Margravate of Mantua, Marquess, Matilda of Tuscany, Medieval commune, Mesopotamia, Middle Francia, Milan, Milan Central railway station, Mincio, Modena, Modena railway station, Monselice, Napoleon, Napoleon III, Neolithic, Nevers, Nice, North German Confederation, Ocnus, Odoacer, Opera, Oradea, Ostrogothic Kingdom, Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Ottoman Empire, Palazzo Bonacolsi, Palazzo D'Arco, Mantua, Palazzo del Podestà, Mantua, Palazzo del Te, Partible inheritance, Peter Paul Rubens, Pietro Giovanni Guarneri, Pietro Perugino, Pietro Pomponazzi, Pisanello, Po (river), Podestà, Pope Pius II, Pope Pius X, Province of Mantua, Punic Wars, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Quadrilatero, Rambertino Buvalelli, Raphael, Renaissance, Rigoletto, Roman Catholic Diocese of Mantua, Rome, Romeo, Romeo and Juliet, Rotonda di San Lorenzo, Sabbioneta, Salamone Rossi, Samuel Romanelli, San Sebastiano (Mantua), Savoy, Siege of Mantua (1796–97), Siege of Mantua (1799), Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Solferino, Sordello, St Mark's Basilica, Stefano Scarampella, Tazio Nuvolari, Teatro Bibiena, The People of Freedom, The Taming of the Shrew, Tiresias, Treaty of Prüm, Treaty of Verdun, Trenitalia, Troubadour, Tybalt, UCI World Championships, UNESCO, Venice, Verona, Verona Porta Nuova railway station, Verona Villafranca Airport, Vespro della Beata Vergine, Victor Hugo, Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Vincenzo II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Virgil, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Vittorino da Feltre, Vogue Italia, War of the First Coalition, War of the Mantuan Succession, War of the Spanish Succession, Weingarten, Württemberg, Western Roman Empire, William Shakespeare, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, World Heritage site, World War II. Expand index (180 more) » « Shrink index
The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula.
Alberto Jori (born 1965), is an Italian Neo-Aristotelian philosopher.
Alessandro Magnasco (February 4, 1667 – March 12, 1749), also known as il Lissandrino, was an Italian late-Baroque painter active mostly in Milan and Genoa.
Alfredo Guzzoni (12 April 1877 – 15 April 1965) was an Italian military officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
Saint Aloysius de Gonzaga, S.J. (Luigi Gonzaga; 9 March 156821 June 1591) was an Italian aristocrat who became a member of the Society of Jesus.
Andrea Mantegna (September 13, 1506) was an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini.
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.
Saint Anselm of Lucca (Anselmus; Anselmo; 1036 – March 18, 1086), born Anselm of Baggio (Anselmo da Baggio), was a medieval bishop of Lucca in Italy and a prominent figure in the Investiture Controversy amid the fighting in central Italy between Matilda, countess of Tuscany, and Emperor Henry IV.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.
Antonio Allegri da Correggio (August 1489 – March 5, 1534), usually known as Correggio, was the foremost painter of the Parma school of the Italian Renaissance, who was responsible for some of the most vigorous and sensuous works of the 16th century.
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 – 28 July 1741) was an Italian Baroque musical composer, virtuoso violinist, teacher and cleric.
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore is the biggest publishing company in Italy.
Augustus (Augustus; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August 14 AD) was a Roman statesman and military leader who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, controlling Imperial Rome from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer.
was a town located in Gamō District, Shiga Prefecture, Japan.
Baldassare Castiglione (December 6, 1478 – February 2, 1529),Dates of birth and death, and cause of the latter, from, Italica, Rai International online.
The Basilica of Sant'Andrea is a Roman Catholic co-cathedral and minor basilica in Mantua, Lombardy (Italy).
The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs.
Bergamo (Italian:; Bèrghem; from Latin Bergomum) is a city in Lombardy, northern Italy, approximately northeast of Milan, and about from the Alpine lakes Como and Iseo.
Bernardino Luini (c. 1480/82 – June 1532) was a North Italian painter from Leonardo's circle.
A bishop (English derivation from the New Testament of the Christian Bible Greek επίσκοπος, epískopos, "overseer", "guardian") is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight.
The Bonacolsi were a noble family of Mantua who ruled Mantua in the last quarter of the 13th century and the first quarter of the 14th.
Boniface III (also Boniface IV or Boniface of Canossa) (c. 985 – 6 May 1052), son of Tedald of Canossa and the father of Matilda of Canossa, was the most powerful north Italian prince of his age.
Brandenburg (Brannenborg, Lower Sorbian: Bramborska, Braniborsko) is one of the sixteen federated states of Germany.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
The Brenner Autobahn (Autostrada del Brennero or AutoBrennero, Brenner Motorway) refers to a major European truck route, which connects Innsbruck in Austria to Modena in northern Italy.
Brenner Pass (Brennerpass; Passo del Brennero) is a mountain pass through the Alps which forms the border between Italy and Austria.
Brescia (Lombard: Brèsa,, or; Brixia; Bressa) is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy.
The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).
A cabinet (also known by other terms) was a private room in the houses and palaces of early modern Europe serving as a study or retreat, usually for a man.
The Camera degli Sposi ("bridal chamber"), sometimes known as the Camera picta ("painted chamber"), is a room frescoed with illusionistic paintings by Andrea Mantegna in the Ducal Palace, Mantua, Italy.
Cavriana is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Mantua in the Italian region Lombardy, located about east of Milan and about northwest of Mantua.
The Cenomani (Greek: Κενομάνοι, Strabo, Ptol.; Γονομάνοι, Polyb.), was an ancient tribe of the Cisalpine Gauls, who occupied the tract north of the Padus (modern Po River), between the Insubres on the west and the Veneti on the east.
Charlemagne or Charles the Great (Karl der Große, Carlo Magno; 2 April 742 – 28 January 814), numbered Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768, King of the Lombards from 774, and Holy Roman Emperor from 800.
Charles Gonzaga (Carlo I Gonzaga) (6 May 1580 – 22 September 1637) was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1627 until his death.
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
Charleville-Mézières is a commune in northern France, capital of the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region.
Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.
Codogno (Cudogn in the Lodi dialect) is a town and comune of 15,868 inhabitants in the province of Lodi, Lombardy, northern Italy.
The comune (plural: comuni) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
Constantine Joseph Beschi (8 November 1680 – 4 February 1742), also known under his Tamil name of Vīramāmunivar, was an Italian Jesuit priest, missionary in South India, and Tamil language littérateur.
The Council of Mantua of 1459, or Congress of Mantua, was a religious meeting convoked by Pope Pius II, who had been elected to the Papacy in the previous year and was engaged in planning war against the Ottoman Turks, who had taken Constantinople in 1453.
The (Princely) County of Tyrol was an estate of the Holy Roman Empire established about 1140.
A coup d'état, also known simply as a coup, a putsch, golpe de estado, or an overthrow, is a type of revolution, where the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus occurs.
A courtier is a person who is often in attendance at the court of a monarch or other royal personage.
Cremona is a city and comune in northern Italy, situated in Lombardy, on the left bank of the Po River in the middle of the Pianura Padana (Po Valley).
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Dave Rodgers (born Giancarlo Pasquini, February 21, 1963) is an Italian songwriter, composer, and producer heavily known for his contributions to the Eurobeat genre of dance music.
The Democratic Party (Partito Democratico, PD) is a social-democratic political party in Italy.
The Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra, DS) was a social-democratic political party in Italy.
A diplomat is a person appointed by a state to conduct diplomacy with one or more other states or international organizations.
Domenico Fetti (also spelled Feti) (c. 1589 – 1623) was an Italian Baroque painter who had been active mainly in Rome, Mantua and Venice.
Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi (c. 1386 – 13 December 1466), better known as Donatello, was an Italian Renaissance sculptor from Florence.
The Palazzo Ducale di Mantova ("Ducal Palace") is a group of buildings in Mantua, Lombardy, northern Italy, built between the 14th and the 17th century mainly by the noble family of Gonzaga as their royal residence in the capital of their Duchy.
The Duchy of Ferrara (Ducato di Ferrara) was a sovereign state in what is now northern Italy.
The Duchy of Mantua was a duchy in Lombardy, Northern Italy, subject to the Holy Roman Empire.
The Duchy of Milan was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire in northern Italy.
Emilian is a group of dialects of the Emilian-Romagnol language spoken in the area historically called Emilia, the western portion of today's Emilia-Romagna region in Italy.
Ercole I d'Este, KG (26 October 1431 – 15 June 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
Federico II of Gonzaga (May 17, 1500 – August 28, 1540) was the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua (first as Marquis, later as Duke) from 1519 until his death.
Ferdinando Carlo Gonzaga (31 August 1652 – 5 July 1708) was the only child of Duke Charles II of Mantua and Montferrat, and the last ruler of the Duchy of Mantua of the House of Gonzaga.
Ferrara (Ferrarese: Fràra) is a town and comune in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, capital of the Province of Ferrara.
Festivaletteratura is a literary festival, held in Mantua, Italy, since 1997.
Filippo Juvarra (7 March, 1678 – 31 January 1736) was an Italian architect and stage set designer, active in a late-Baroque style.
The Florentine florin was a coin struck from 1252 to 1533 with no significant change in its design or metal content standard during that time.
Franca Sozzani (20 January 1950 – 22 December 2016) was an Italian journalist and the editor-in-chief of Vogue Italia from 1988 until her death in 2016.
Francesco II (or IV) Gonzaga (–) was the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1484 until his death.
Francesco IV Gonzaga (7 May 1586 – 22 December 1612), was Duke of Mantua and (as Francesco II) Duke of Montferrat between 9 February and 22 December 1612.
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks (Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe.
Frans Geffels (1624–1694) was a Flemish painter and architect of Baroque style active mainly in Mantua.> at the Netherlands Institute for Art History He appears to have been recruited to Mantua in 1659, by his contemporary Daniel van den Dyck.
Frans Pourbus the younger (1569–1622) was a Flemish painter, son of Frans Pourbus the Elder and grandson of Pieter Pourbus.
In the Holy Roman Empire, the collective term free and imperial cities (Freie und Reichsstädte), briefly worded free imperial city (Freie Reichsstadt, urbs imperialis libera), was used from the fifteenth century to denote a self-ruling city that had a certain amount of autonomy and was represented in the Imperial Diet.
The Galli-Bibiena family, or Galli da Bibiena (also spelled "Bibbiena"), was a family of Italian artists of the 17th and 18th centuries, including.
Gaul (Latin: Gallia) was a region of Western Europe during the Iron Age that was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, Northern Italy, as well as the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Gauls were Celtic people inhabiting Gaul in the Iron Age and the Roman period (roughly from the 5th century BC to the 5th century AD).
Blessed Giacomo Benefatti (??? - 19 November 1332) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and professed member of the Order of Preachers who ascended to the position of Bishop of Mantua.
Gianfrancesco I Gonzaga (1395 – 23 September 1444) was Marquess of Mantua from 1407 to 1444.
Gino Fano (5 January 18718 November 1952) was an Italian mathematician, best known as the founder of finite geometry.
Giovanni Battista Bertani (1516–1576) was an Italian painter and architect of the late Renaissance period.
Giulio Romano, also known as Giulio Pippi, (c. 1499 – 1 November 1546) was an Italian painter and architect.
Giuseppe Bazzani (23 September 1690 – 17 August 1769) was an Italian painter of the Rococo.
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian opera composer.
Goito (Gùit in Eastern Lombard dialect) is a comune of Lombardy, northern Italy, part of the Province of Mantua, from which it is some, on the road to Brescia.
The Gothic War between the Byzantine Empire during the reign of Emperor Justinian I and the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy took place from 535 until 554 in the Italian peninsula, Dalmatia, Sardinia, Sicily and Corsica.
The Guarneri (often referred to in the Latinized form Guarnerius) is the family name of a group of distinguished luthiers from Cremona in Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries, whose standing is considered comparable to those of the Amati and Stradivari families.
The Guelphs and Ghibellines (guelfi e ghibellini) were factions supporting the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor, respectively, in the Italian city-states of central and northern Italy.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Gonzaga was a princely family that ruled Mantua, in northern Italy, from 1328 to 1708; they also ruled Monferrato in Piedmont and Nevers in France, and also many other lesser fiefs throughout Europe.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
The House of Malatesta was an Italian family that ruled over Rimini from 1295 until 1500, as well as (in different periods) other lands and towns in Romagna.
The House of Savoy (Casa Savoia) is a royal family that was established in 1003 in the historical Savoy region. Through gradual expansion, the family grew in power from ruling a small county in the Alps of northern Italy to absolute rule of the kingdom of Sicily in 1713 to 1720 (exchanged for Sardinia). Through its junior branch, the House of Savoy-Carignano, it led the unification of Italy in 1861 and ruled the Kingdom of Italy from 1861 until 1946 and, briefly, the Kingdom of Spain in the 19th century. The Savoyard kings of Italy were Victor Emmanuel II, Umberto I, Victor Emmanuel III, and Umberto II. The last monarch ruled for a few weeks before being deposed following the Constitutional Referendum of 1946, after which the Italian Republic was proclaimed.
Hyderabad is the capital of the Indian state of Telangana and de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh.
Ippolito Nievo (30 November 1831 – 4 March 1861) was an Italian writer, journalist and patriot.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Isabella d'Este (19 May 1474 – 13 February 1539) was Marchesa of Mantua and one of the leading women of the Italian Renaissance as a major cultural and political figure.
The Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano, PCI) was a communist political party in Italy.
The Italian People's Party (Partito Popolare Italiano, PPI) was a Christian-democratic, centrist, and Christian-leftist political party in Italy.
The Italian Republican Party (Partito Repubblicano Italiano, PRI) is a liberal and social-liberal political party in Italy.
The Italian Socialist Party (PSI) was a socialist and later social-democratic political party in Italy.
Italian unification (Unità d'Italia), or the Risorgimento (meaning "the Resurgence" or "revival"), was the political and social movement that consolidated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy in the 19th century.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The Kingdom of Germany or German Kingdom (Regnum Teutonicum, "Teutonic Kingdom"; Deutsches Reich) developed out of the eastern half of the former Carolingian Empire.
The Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae or Regnum Italicum, Italian: Regno d'Italia) was one of the constituent kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire, along with the kingdoms of Germany, Bohemia, and Burgundy.
The Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia (Regno Lombardo-Veneto, Königreich Lombardo–Venetien; Regnum Langobardiae et Venetiae), commonly called the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom, was a constituent land (crown land) of the Austrian Empire.
The Kingdom of the Lombards (Regnum Langobardorum) also known as the Lombard Kingdom; later the Kingdom of (all) Italy (Regnum totius Italiae), was an early medieval state established by the Lombards, a Germanic people, on the Italian Peninsula in the latter part of the 6th century.
L'Orfeo (SV 318), sometimes called La favola d'Orfeo, is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio.
A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake.
Lake Garda (Lago di Garda or Lago Benàco, Benacus; Lach de Garda; Łago de Garda) is the largest lake in Italy.
The German Landsknechts, sometimes also rendered as (singular), were colourful mercenary soldiers with a formidable reputation, who became an important military force through late 15th- and 16th-century Europe.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Le roi s'amuse (literally, The King Amuses Himself or The King Has Fun) is a French play in five acts written by Victor Hugo.
Learco Guerra (October 14, 1902 - February 7, 1963) was an Italian professional road racing cyclist.
Leon Battista Alberti (February 14, 1404 – April 25, 1472) was an Italian humanist author, artist, architect, poet, priest, linguist, philosopher and cryptographer; he epitomised the Renaissance Man.
Leone de' Sommi Portaleone (Yehuda ben Yitzchak Somi Misha'ar Aryeh; יהודה בן יצחק סומי משער אריה - Judah son of Isaac Somi Portaleone; also Leone Ebreo de Somi and Yehuda Sommo; c. 1525 – c. 1590) was a Jewish-Italian playwright, director, actor, poet, translator, and treatiser.
Lombardy (Lombardia; Lumbardia, pronounced: (Western Lombard), (Eastern Lombard)) is one of the twenty administrative regions of Italy, in the northwest of the country, with an area of.
Longinus is the name given in Christian mythology to the unnamed Roman soldier who pierced Jesus in his side with a lance and who in medieval and some modern Christian traditions is described as a convert to Christianity.
Lorenzo Costa (1460 – March 5, 1535) was an Italian painter of the Renaissance.
The Lovers of Valdaro, also known as the "Valdaro Lovers," are a pair of human skeletons dated as approximately 6,000 years old.
Luca Fancelli (c. 1430 – c. 1502) was an Italian architect and sculptor.
Ludovico III Gonzaga of Mantua, also spelled Lodovico (also Ludovico II; 5 June 1412 – 12 June 1478) was the ruler of the Italian city of Mantua from 1444 to his death in 1478.
Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the seat of Dane County.
Mannerism, also known as Late Renaissance, is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520 and lasted until about the end of the 16th century in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it.
There are several distinct figures in Greek mythology named Manto (Μαντώ), the most prominent being the daughter of Tiresias.
Mantua Railway Station (Ferrovie Stazione di Mantova) is the main station of Comune of Mantua in the Region of Lombardy, northern Italy.
Mantua Cathedral (Cattedrale di San Pietro apostolo; Duomo di Mantova) in Mantua, Lombardy, northern Italy, is a Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to Saint Peter.
In Etruscan myth and religion, Mantus was a god of the underworld in the Po Valley, as described by Servius.
The March of Tuscany (Marca di Tuscia) was a frontier march of the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy Roman Empire during the Middle Ages.
Marcus Antonius Antimachus, also written Mark Antony Antimaco or Marcantonio Antimaco (c. 1473 – 1552), was an Italian who mainly taught and translated Greek.
The Margravate of Mantua was a Margravate in Lombardy, Northern Italy, subject to the Holy Roman Empire.
A marquess (marquis) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies.
Matilda of Tuscany (Italian: Matilde di Canossa, Latin: Matilda, Mathilda; 1046 – 24 July 1115) was a powerful feudal Margravine of Tuscany, ruler in northern Italy and the chief Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the Investiture Controversy; in addition, she was one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments, thanks to which she was able to dominate all the territories north of the Church States.
Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.
Mesopotamia is a historical region in West Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, parts of Northern Saudi Arabia, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.
Middle Francia (Francia media) was a short-lived Frankish kingdom which was created in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun after an intermittent civil war between the grandsons of Charlemagne resulted in division of the united empire.
Milan (Milano; Milan) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city in Italy after Rome, with the city proper having a population of 1,380,873 while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,235,000.
Milan Central or Milano Centrale is the main railway station of the city of Milan, Italy and is the largest train station in Europe by volume.
Mincio (Latin: Mincius, Ancient Greek: Minchios, Μίγχιος) is a river in the Lombardy region of northern Italy.
Modena (Mutna; Mutina; Modenese: Mòdna) is a city and comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po Valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
Modena (Stazione di Modena) is a railway station serving the city of Modena, in the region of Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy.
"Monselice is the most picturesque town I have seen in Italy.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the President of France from 1848 to 1852 and as Napoleon III the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870.
The Neolithic was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology, in some parts of Western Asia, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC.
Nevers (Latin: Noviodunum, later Nevirnum and Nebirnum) is the prefecture of the Nièvre department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region in central France.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
The North German Confederation (Norddeutscher Bund) was the German federal state which existed from July 1867 to December 1870.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Ocnus or Bianor was a son of Manto and Tiberinus, king of Alba Longa.
Flavius Odoacer (c. 433Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. 2, s.v. Odovacer, pp. 791–793 – 493 AD), also known as Flavius Odovacer or Odovacar (Odoacre, Odoacer, Odoacar, Odovacar, Odovacris), was a soldier who in 476 became the first King of Italy (476–493).
Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.
Oradea (Großwardein, Nagyvárad, Hungarian pronunciation:, colloquially also Várad, former Varat, גרויסווארדיין Groysvardeyn) the capital city of Bihor County and Crișana region, is one of the important centers of economic, social and cultural development in the western part of Romania, retaining these characteristics throughout history.
The Ostrogothic Kingdom, officially the Kingdom of Italy (Latin: Regnum Italiae), was established by the Ostrogoths in Italy and neighbouring areas from 493 to 553.
Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (Otto der Große, Ottone il Grande), was German king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Palazzo Castiglioni/Bonacolsi is a building in Mantua, northern Italy, located in Piazza Sordello in front of the Ducal Palace.
The Palazzo D'Arco is a Neoclassical-style palace located on Piazza Carlo D'Arco #4 in Mantua, region of Lombardy, Italy.
The Palazzo del Podestà, or Palazzo del Broletto, is a 13th-century palace, located between Piazza delle Erbe and Piazza Broletto, in the center of Mantua, region of Lombardy, Italy.
Palazzo del Te or Palazzo Te is a palace in the suburbs of Mantua, Italy.
Partible inheritance is a system of inheritance in which property is apportioned among heirs.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Pietro Giovanni Guarneri (1655–1720), also known as Pietro da Mantua or Peter Guarnerius of Mantua was a violin maker of the Guarneri family who also worked as a professional musician.
Pietro Perugino (c. 1446/1452 – 1523), born Pietro Vannucci, was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Umbrian school, who developed some of the qualities that found classic expression in the High Renaissance.
Pietro Pomponazzi (16 September 1462 – 18 May 1525) was an Italian philosopher.
Pisanello (c. 1395c. 1455), known professionally as Antonio di Puccio Pisano or Antonio di Puccio da Cereto, also erroneously called Vittore Pisano by Giorgio Vasari, was one of the most distinguished painters of the early Italian Renaissance and Quattrocento.
The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.
Podestà is the name given to certain high officials in many Italian cities beginning in the later Middle Ages.
Pope Pius II (Pius PP., Pio II), born Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini (Aeneas Silvius Bartholomeus; 18 October 1405 – 14 August 1464) was Pope from 19 August 1458 to his death in 1464.
Pope Saint Pius X (Pio), born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, (2 June 1835 – 20 August 1914) was head of the Catholic Church from August 1903 to his death in 1914.
The Province of Mantua (Provincia di Mantova) is a province in the Lombardy region of northern Italy.
The Punic Wars were a series of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage from 264 BC to 146 BC.
Pushkin (Пу́шкин) is a municipal town in Pushkinsky District of the federal city of St. Petersburg, Russia, located south from the center of St. Petersburg proper, and its railway station, Tsarskoye Selo, is directly connected by railway to the Vitebsky Rail Terminal of the city.
The Quadrilatero (for greater specificity often called the "Quadrilateral fortresses") is the traditional name of a defensive system of the Austrian Empire in the Lombardy-Venetia region of Italy, which connected the fortresses of Peschiera, Mantua, Legnago and Verona between the Mincio, the Po and Adige Rivers.
Rambertino di Guido Buvalelli (1170/1180 – September 1221), a Bolognese judge, statesman, diplomat, and poet, was the earliest of the podestà-troubadours of thirteenth-century Lombardy.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (March 28 or April 6, 1483April 6, 1520), known as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Rigoletto is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi.
The Diocese of Mantua (Dioecesis Mantuana) is a see of the Catholic Church in Italy.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
Romeo Montague (Romeo Montecchi) is the protagonist of William Shakespeare's tragedy, The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet.
Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare early in his career about two young star-crossed lovers whose deaths ultimately reconcile their feuding families.
The Rotonda di San Lorenzo is a religious building in Mantua, Lombardy (northern Italy).
Sabbioneta is a town and comune in the province of Mantua, Lombardy region, Northern Italy.
Salamone Rossi or Salomone Rossi (סלומונה רוסי or שלמה מן האדומים) (Salamon, Schlomo; de' Rossi) (ca. 1570 – 1630) was an Italian Jewish violinist and composer.
Samuel Romanelli (born at Mantua Sept. 19, 1757; died at Casale Monferrato Oct. 17, 1814) was an Italian-born Jewish poet in Hebrew.
San Sebastiano is an Early Renaissance church in Mantua, northern Italy.
Savoy (Savouè,; Savoie; Savoia) is a cultural region in Western Europe.
During the Siege of Mantua, which lasted from 4 July 1796 to 2 February 1797 with a short break, French forces under the overall command of Napoleon Bonaparte besieged and blockaded a large Austrian garrison at Mantua for many months until it surrendered.
The Siege of Mantua (1799) was a four-month effort by the Austrian army to regain a presence in northern Italy after being excluded from that region by Napoleon Bonaparte through the successful French Siege of Mantua in 1797.
Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 in Nuremberg – 9 December 1437 in Znaim, Moravia) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxembourg.
Solferino is a small town and comune in the province of Mantua, Lombardy, northern Italy, approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Lake Garda.
Sordello da Goito or Sordel de Goit (sometimes Sordell) was a 13th-century Italian troubadour, born in the municipality of Goito in the province of Mantua.
The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark (Basilica Cattedrale Patriarcale di San Marco), commonly known as Saint Mark's Basilica (Basilica di San Marco; Baxéłega de San Marco), is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy.
Stefano Scarampella (1843 &ndash) was an Italian violin and cello maker.
Tazio Giorgio Nuvolari (16 November 1892 – 11 August 1953) was an Italian racing driver.
The Teatro Bibiena di Mantova (also known as, among others, the Teatro Scientifico, Teatro Accademico or Teatrino della Accademia Filarmonica) was made by Antonio Bibiena in 1767-1769 and decorated in 1773-1775 with a facade of Piermarini designed by Paolo Pozzo (1741–1803).
The People of Freedom (Il Popolo della Libertà, PdL) was a centre-right political party in Italy.
The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1590 and 1592.
In Greek mythology, Tiresias (Τειρεσίας, Teiresias) was a blind prophet of Apollo in Thebes, famous for clairvoyance and for being transformed into a woman for seven years.
The Treaty of Prüm, concluded on 19 September 855, was the second of the partition treaties of the Carolingian Empire.
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, who was the son of Charlemagne.
Trenitalia is the primary train operator in Italy.
A troubadour (trobador, archaically: -->) was a composer and performer of Old Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100–1350).
Tybalt is the main antagonist in William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet.
The UCI world championships are annual competitions promoted by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) to determine world champion cyclists.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Verona Porta Nuova is the main railway station of Verona.
Verona Villafranca Airport, also known as Valerio Catullo Airport or Villafranca Airport, is located southwest of Verona, Italy.
Vespro della Beata Vergine (Vespers for the Blessed Virgin; SV 206 and 206a) – more properly in Latin Vesperæ in Festis Beatæ Mariæ Virginis, or casually Vespers of 1610 – is a musical composition by Claudio Monteverdi.
Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement.
Vincenzo Ι Gonzaga (21 September 1562 – 9 February 1612) was ruler of the Duchy of Mantua and the Duchy of Montferrat from 1587 to 1612.
Vincenzo II Gonzaga (7 January 1594 – 25 December 1627) was Duke of Mantua and Duke of Montferrat from 1626 until his death.
Publius Vergilius Maro (traditional dates October 15, 70 BC – September 21, 19 BC), usually called Virgil or Vergil in English, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period.
Vitória (Victory), spelled Victória until the 1940s, is the capital of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.
Vittorino da Feltre (1378 – February 2, 1446) was an Italian humanist and teacher.
Vogue Italia is the Italian edition of Vogue magazine.
The War of the First Coalition (Guerre de la Première Coalition) is the traditional name of the wars that several European powers fought between 1792 and 1797 against the French First Republic.
The War of the Mantuan Succession (1628–31) was a peripheral part of the Thirty Years' War.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.
(German for "wine garden") is a town with a population of 24,000 in Württemberg, in the District of Ravensburg, in the valley of the Schussen River.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.