256 relations: American Revolution, Amsterdam Marathon, Ancient Greece, Antarctica, Arlene Pieper, Asefa Mengstu, Aselefech Mergia, Aspirin, Association of International Marathons and Distance Races, Association of Road Racing Statisticians, Athens, Athens Classic Marathon, Athletics at the 1896 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon, Athletics at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Men's marathon, Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Ayele Abshero, Battle of Marathon, Beijing Marathon, Berlin Marathon, Big Five Marathon, Birhane Dibaba, Blister, Bobbi Gibb, Boston Athletic Association, Boston Marathon, Breaking2, Budhia Singh, Buffalo, New York, Calorie, Carbohydrate, Carbohydrate loading, Carnival, Catherine Ndereba, Charilaos Vasilakos, Chicago Marathon, China, Christmas and holiday season, Cross-country skiing (sport), Deena Kastor, Delayed onset muscle soreness, Dennis Kipruto Kimetto, Dermatology, Detroit Free Press Marathon, Dickson Chumba, Dionysos, Greece, Dubai Marathon, Duncan Kibet, Echocardiography, Edna Kiplagat, Ekiden, ..., Electrolyte imbalance, Eliud Kipchoge, Emmanuel Kipchirchir Mutai, Energy gel, Ernst van Dyk, Exercise-associated hyponatremia, Fatigue, Fauja Singh, Feyse Tadese, First aid, Fissure of the nipple, Florence Kiplagat, Fort Erie, Ontario, Frank Shorter, Gatorade, Geoffrey Mutai, Gladys Cherono Kiprono, Glycogen, Great Tibetan Marathon, Great Wall Marathon, Great Wall of China, Greco-Persian Wars, Greeks, Greenland, Gregorian calendar, Guinness World Records, Guye Adola, Haile Gebrselassie, Hal Higdon, Half marathon, Handcycle, Heat stroke, Heraclides Ponticus, Herodotus, Hitting the wall, Honolulu Marathon, Human musculoskeletal system, Hymettus, Hyponatremia, Ibuprofen, Immune system, International Association of Athletics Federations, International Olympic Committee, International Society of Olympic Historians, Irina Mikitenko, Ironman Triathlon, Istanbul Marathon, James Kwambai, Jean Driscoll, Jeff Galloway, Joan Benoit, Johnny Hayes, Johnny Kelley, Joule, Julian calendar, Kalenjin people, Kathrine Switzer, Kenenisa Bekele, Kenya, Košice, Košice Peace Marathon, Lemi Berhanu Hayle, Liliya Shobukhova, Lincoln's Birthday, List of marathon national champions (men), List of marathon races, List of marathoners, List of non-professional marathon runners, Liver, London Marathon, Los Angeles Marathon, Lucian, Lucy Wangui Kabuu, Man versus Horse Marathon, Marathon world record progression, Marathon, Greece, Marathons at the Paralympics, Mare Dibaba, Marie-Louise Ledru, Marine Corps Marathon, Mary Jepkosgei Keitany, Massage, Michel Bréal, Mizuki Noguchi, Modern Greek, Moses Mosop, Mosinet Geremew, Mount Pentelicus, Mountain marathon, Multi-day race, Muscle, Naoko Takahashi, Naproxen, National records in the marathon, New York City Marathon, New York Road Runners, Niagara Falls International Marathon, Nike, Inc., Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, North Pole, Odisha, Olympic Games, Opportunity (rover), Pacemaker (running), Panathenaic Stadium, Paris Marathon, Patrick Makau Musyoki, Patriots' Day, Paula Radcliffe, Peace Bridge, Penteli, Greece, Persian Empire, Pheidippides, Pierre de Coubertin, Pikes Peak Marathon, Plutarch, Polar Circle Marathon, Polytechnic Marathon, Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2, Protein, Ranulph Fiennes, Ricardo Abad, Richard Donovan (runner), Rift Valley Province, Rio de Janeiro, Rita Jeptoo, Road running, Robert Browning, Rock 'n' Roll San Diego Marathon, Rome Marathon, Rotterdam Marathon, Runner's World, Running boom of the 1970s, Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí, Sammy Kitwara, Samuel Wanjiru, Sarah Chepchirchir, Seoul International Marathon, Short course prevention factor, Sisay Lemma, Sodium, Sodium chloride, Sparta, Sprain, Spyridon Louis, Stamata Revithi, Stanley Biwott, Stefaan Engels, Stefano Baldini, Stephen Kiprotich, Stockholm Marathon, Subungual hematoma, Sudden cardiac death of athletes, Sun Yingjie, Sy Mah, Tamirat Tola, Tapering, Tendinitis, Terry Fox, Tesfaye Abera, Thanksgiving, The Boston Globe, The Mall, London, The New England Journal of Medicine, The New York Times, Thermoregulation, Tibetan Buddhism, Tiki Gelana, Tirfi Tsegaye, Tirunesh Dibaba, Tokyo Marathon, Toronto Waterfront Marathon, Tromsø, Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon, Troponin, Tsegaye Kebede, Tsegaye Mekonnen, Ultramarathon, Violet Piercy, Vivian Cheruiyot, VO2 max, Washington's Birthday, Water intoxication, Wheelchair racing, White City Stadium, Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich, Windsor Castle, World Marathon Majors, World Masters Athletics, World record, Yoko Shibui, Yonkers, New York, Zhou Chunxiu, 100 Marathon Club, 1896 Summer Olympics, 1908 Summer Olympics, 1984 Summer Olympics, 1992, 2004 Summer Olympics, 2008 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony, 2016 Summer Olympics, 2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony, 2018 London Marathon, 70th parallel north. Expand index (206 more) » « Shrink index
The American Revolution was a colonial revolt that took place between 1765 and 1783.
The Amsterdam Marathon (branded TCS Amsterdam Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon (42.195 km) in Amsterdam in the Netherlands since 1975.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent.
Arlene Pieper became the first woman to officially finish a marathon in the United States when she finished the Pikes Peak Marathon in Manitou Springs, Colorado, in 1959.
Asefa Mengstu is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who specialises in road running competitions.
Aselefech Mergia Medessa (Amharic: አሰለፈች መርግአ; born 23 January 1985) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in the marathon.
Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to treat pain, fever, or inflammation.
The Association of International Marathons and Distance Races, also known as AIMS, is an association of long-distance running races.
The Association of Road Racing Statisticians is an independent, non-profit organization that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics regarding road running races.
Athens (Αθήνα, Athína; Ἀθῆναι, Athênai) is the capital and largest city of Greece.
The Athens Classic (authentic) Marathon is an annual marathon road race held in Athens, Greece, normally in early November.
The men's marathon event was a special race invented as part of the Athletics at the 1896 Summer Olympics programme.
The official results of the Men's Marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, West Germany held on Sunday September 10, 1972.
At the 2004 Summer Olympics, the athletics events were held at the Athens Olympic Stadium from August 18 to August 29, except for the marathons (run from Marathonas to the Kallimarmaro Stadium), the race walks (on the streets of Athens), and the shot put (held at the Ancient Olympia Stadium).
Ayele Abshero Biza (born 28 December 1990) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who mainly competes in cross country and road races.
The Battle of Marathon (Greek: Μάχη τοῦ Μαραθῶνος, Machē tou Marathōnos) took place in 490 BC, during the first Persian invasion of Greece.
The Beijing Marathon is an annual marathon race of 42.195 km held in October in Beijing, People's Republic of China.
The Berlin Marathon (branded BMW Berlin Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is a major running and sporting event held annually in Berlin, Germany.
The Big Five Marathon is a marathon race situated on the savannahs of South Africa.
Birhane Dibaba (born 11 September 1993) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in road running events.
A blister is a small pocket of body fluid (lymph, serum, plasma, blood, or pus) within the upper layers of the skin, typically caused by forceful rubbing (friction), burning, freezing, chemical exposure or infection.
Roberta Louise "Bobbi" Gibb (born November 2, 1942 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) is the first woman to have run the entire Boston Marathon (1966).
The Boston Athletic Association (B.A.A.) is a non-profit, running-focused, organized sports association for the Greater Boston area.
The Boston Marathon is an annual marathon hosted by several cities in greater Boston in eastern Massachusetts, United States.
Breaking2 was a project by Nike to break the two-hour barrier for the marathon.
Budhia Awooga Singh (born 2002) is a former Indian long distance runner who became notable for his athletic feats as a child.
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
A calorie is a unit of energy.
A carbohydrate is a biomolecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water); in other words, with the empirical formula (where m may be different from n).
Carbohydrate loading, commonly referred to as carb-loading or carbo-loading, is a strategy used by endurance athletes, such as runners, to maximise the storage of glycogen (or energy) in the muscles and liver.
Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent.
Catherine Nyambura Ndereba (born 21 July 1972) is a Kenyan marathon runner.
Charilaos Vasilakos (Χαρίλαος Βασιλάκος, 1875 – December 1, 1964) was a Greek athlete and the first man to win a marathon race.
The Chicago Marathon is a marathon held yearly in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
The sport of cross-country skiing encompasses a variety of formats for cross-country skiing races over courses of varying lengths according to rules sanctioned by the International Ski Federation and by various national organizations, such as the U.S. Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA) and Cross Country Ski Canada.
Deena Michelle Kastor (née Drossin; born February 14, 1973) is an American long-distance runner.
Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles several hours to days after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise.
Dennis Kipruto Kimetto or Dennis Kipruto Koech (born 22 January 1984) is a Kenyan long distance runner who competes in road running events.
Dermatology (from ancient Greek δέρμα, derma which means skin and λογία, logia) is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin, nails, hair and its diseases.
The Detroit Free Press/Talmer Bank Marathon is a race run every October in Detroit, Michigan, United States and Windsor, Ontario, Canada since 1978.
Dickson Kiptolo Chumba (born 27 October 1986) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who competes in marathon races.
Dionysos (Διόνυσος) is a town and a municipality in northeastern Attica, Greece.
The Dubai Marathon (official name Standard Chartered Dubai Marathon) is an annual marathon running race held in Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.
Duncan Kibet (born 25 April 1978) is a runner from Kenya.
An echocardiogram, often referred to as a cardiac echo or simply an echo, is a sonogram of the heart.
Edna Ngeringwony Kiplagat (born 15 September 1979) is a Kenyan long-distance runner.
is a long-distance running relay race, typically held on roads.
Electrolyte imbalance is an abnormality in the concentration of electrolytes in the body.
Eliud Kipchoge (born 5 November 1984 in Kapsisiywa, Nandi District) is a Kenyan long distance runner, and the 2016 Olympic marathon gold medallist.
Emmanuel Kipchirchir Mutai (born 12 October 1984) is a long distance runner from Kenya, who specialises in marathons.
Energy gels are carbohydrate gels that provide energy for exercise and promote recovery,About commonly used in endurance events such as running, cycling, and triathlons.
Ernst Francois van Dyk OIS (born 4 April 1973) is a South African wheelchair racer and handcyclist.
Exercise-associated hyponatremia, or EAH, is a fluid-electrolyte disorder caused by a decrease in sodium levels (hyponatremia) during or up to 24 hours after prolonged physical activity.
Fatigue is a subjective feeling of tiredness that has a gradual onset.
Fauja Singh BEM (ਫੌਜਾ ਸਿੰਘ, born 1 April 1911) is a British Sikh centenarian marathon runner of Punjabi Indian descent.
Feyse Tadese Boru (born 19 November 1988) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in the half marathon.
First aid is the assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, or to promote recovery.
Fissure of the nipple is a condition that is the result of irritation of one or both nipples as the result of the friction of clothing against the nipple during physical exercise.
Florence Jebet Kiplagat (born 27 February 1987) is a Kenyan long-distance runner.
Fort Erie is a town on the Niagara River in the Niagara Region, Ontario, Canada.
Frank Charles Shorter (born October 31, 1947) is an American former long-distance runner who won the gold medal in the marathon at the 1972 Summer Olympics and the silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
The Gatorade Company, Inc. is an American manufacturer of sports-themed beverage and food products, built around its signature line of sports drinks.
Geoffrey Kiprono Mutai (born 7 October 1981) is a Kenyan long distance runner who specialises in road running competitions.
Gladys Cherono Kiprono (born 12 May 1983) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who competes in track and road running events.
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria.
The annually recurring Great Tibetan Marathon is a marathon takes place on the Tibetan Plateau in northern India - also known as little Tibet.
The Great Wall Marathon is an annual marathon race, traditionally held on the third Saturday of May along and on the Huangyaguan or Huangya Pass (Chinese: 黄崖关; Chinese: 黃崖關; Pinyin: Huángyáguān； Literally: "Yellow Cliff Pass"), Tianjin section of the Great Wall of China East of Beijing.
The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe with an eye to expansion.
The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire of Persia and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC.
The Greeks or Hellenes (Έλληνες, Éllines) are an ethnic group native to Greece, Cyprus, southern Albania, Italy, Turkey, Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. They also form a significant diaspora, with Greek communities established around the world.. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea, but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age.. Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople. Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization. The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens, Thessalonica, Alexandria, Smyrna, and Constantinople at various periods. Most ethnic Greeks live nowadays within the borders of the modern Greek state and Cyprus. The Greek genocide and population exchange between Greece and Turkey nearly ended the three millennia-old Greek presence in Asia Minor. Other longstanding Greek populations can be found from southern Italy to the Caucasus and southern Russia and Ukraine and in the Greek diaspora communities in a number of other countries. Today, most Greeks are officially registered as members of the Greek Orthodox Church.CIA World Factbook on Greece: Greek Orthodox 98%, Greek Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%. Greeks have greatly influenced and contributed to culture, arts, exploration, literature, philosophy, politics, architecture, music, mathematics, science and technology, business, cuisine, and sports, both historically and contemporarily.
Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat,; Grønland) is an autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.
The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used civil calendar in the world.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
Guye Adola Idemo (born 20 October 1990) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who specialises in the half marathon.
Haile Gebrselassie (ኃይሌ ገብረ ሥላሴ, haylē gebre silassē; born 18 April 1973) is a retired Ethiopian long-distance track and road running athlete.
Hal Higdon (born June 17, 1931) is an American writer and runner.
A half marathon is a road running event of 21.0975 km (13 mi 192½ yd)—half the distance of a marathon.
A handcycle is a type of human-powered land vehicle powered by the arms rather than the legs, as on a bicycle.
Heat stroke, also known as sun stroke, is a type of severe heat illness that results in a body temperature greater than and confusion.
Heraclides Ponticus (Ἡρακλείδης ὁ Ποντικός Herakleides; c. 390 BC – c. 310 BC) was a Greek philosopher and astronomer who was born in Heraclea Pontica, now Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey, and migrated to Athens.
Herodotus (Ἡρόδοτος, Hêródotos) was a Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus in the Persian Empire (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC (484– 425 BC), a contemporary of Thucydides, Socrates, and Euripides.
In endurance sports such as cycling and running, hitting the wall or the bonk is a condition of sudden fatigue and loss of energy which is caused by the depletion of glycogen stores in the liver and muscles.
The Honolulu Marathon (branded JAL Honolulu Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is a major marathon in Honolulu, Hawaii.
The human musculoskeletal system (also known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system) is an organ system that gives humans the ability to move using their muscular and skeletal systems.
Hymettus, also Hymettos (Υμηττός, transliterated Ymīttós, pronounced), is a mountain range in the Athens area of Attica, East Central Greece.
Hyponatremia is a low sodium level in the blood.
Ibuprofen is a medication in the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class that is used for treating pain, fever, and inflammation.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
The International Society of Olympic Historians (ISOH) is a non-profit organization founded in 1991 with the purpose of promoting and studying the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games.
Irina Mikitenko, ''née'' Volynskaya (Ирина Волынская (Микитенко); born 23 August 1972 in Bakanas, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union), is a German long-distance runner who competes in marathons.
An Ironman Triathlon is one of a series of long-distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC), consisting of a swim, a bicycle ride and a marathon run, raced in that order and without a break.
The Istanbul Marathon (full name Vodafone Istanbul Marathon, formerly Intercontinental Istanbul Eurasia Marathon; (İstanbul Avrasya Maratonu) is an international athletics event organized by the metropolitan municipality in Istanbul, Turkey, every year on a Sunday in October since 1979. In 2012, the month was changed from October to November. The course is asphalt, mostly flat and is free of traffic. It is the only course in the world where the marathon includes two continents, Asia and Europe, in one race. The marathon starts on the Asian side of the city, shortly before the First Bosphorus Bridge, crosses the bridge giving an outstanding view of the Bosphorus and Istanbul, passes many historic sites including the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia, and ends in the İnönü Stadium in the European part. In all, the race crosses three bridges, one over the Bosporus and two over the Golden Horn. The course changed three times over the years, therefore winning scores differ. To register for the marathon, participants must be 18 years of age or older on the race day. The three race categories for men and women are: marathon, 15 km and public run. A special category for disabled persons exists also. In 2003, 571 athletes (523 men and 48 women) from all over the world took part in the marathon category only. Participation in the public run was with 150,000 people a record set in 1998. Course record for men was set by Moges Taye of Ethiopia in 2 hours 13 minutes and 37seconds (1997), and for women by Madina Biktagirova of Russia in 2:34:25 (2005). In 2006, course record for men was broken by the Lithuanian athlete Mindaugas Pukstas in 2:12:52, and Madina Biktagirova of Russia renewed her own course record for women from the previous year with 2:28:21. The event is organised by Istanbul Sports Events, which also hosts the annual Istanbul Half Marathon in April.
James Kipsang Kwambai (born February 28, 1983) is a runner from Kenya, who specialises in marathons.
Jean Driscoll (born November 18, 1966) is an American wheelchair racer.
Jeff Galloway (born July 12, 1945 in Raleigh, North Carolina) is an American Olympian and the author of Galloway's Book on Running. A lifetime runner, Galloway was an All-American collegiate athlete and a member of the 1972 US Olympic Team in the 10,000 meters.
Joan Benoit Samuelson (born May 16, 1957) is an American marathon runner who won gold at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, the year that the women's marathon was introduced.
John Joseph "Johnny" Hayes (April 10, 1886 – August 25, 1965) was an American athlete, a member of the Irish American Athletic Club, and winner of the marathon race at the 1908 Summer Olympics.
John Adelbert "Johnny" Kelley (September 6, 1907 – October 6, 2004) was an American long-distance runner who twice represented his native country at the Summer Olympics, in 1936 and 1948.
The joule (symbol: J) is a derived unit of energy in the International System of Units.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
The Kalenjin are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting much of what was the Rift Valley Province in Kenya.
Kathrine Virginia "Kathy" Switzer (born January 5, 1947, in Amberg, Germany) is an American marathon runner, author, and television commentator.
Kenenisa Bekele (ቀነኒሳ በቀለ; born 13 June 1982) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner and the current world record and Olympic record holder in both the 5,000 metre and 10,000 metre events.
Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
The Košice Peace Marathon (Slovak: Medzinárodný maratón mieru) is the oldest marathon in Europe and the second-oldest in the world (after the Boston Marathon). The first course was held in 1924.
Lemi Berhanu Hayle, also known as Berhanu Lemi, (Amharic: ለሚ ብርሃኑ ኃይሌ; born 13 September 1994) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who specialises in the marathon.
Liliya Bulatovna Shobukhova, née Shagbalova, former married name Volkova, (Лилия Булатoвнa Шoбухова (Шагбaлова) (Волкова); born 13 November 1977) is a Russian long-distance runner who competed in marathon races.
Lincoln's Birthday is a legal, public holiday in some U.S. states, observed on the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth on February 12, 1809, in Hodgensville, Kentucky.
Below a list of all National champions in the Men's Marathon in track and field from several countries since 1980.
This is a worldwide list of marathon runs.
This is a list of marathoners who are athletes notable for their achievements in the marathon.
This is a sortable table of notable people known for their accomplishments outside of long-distance running who have completed an organized marathon.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
The London Marathon (currently known through sponsorship as the Virgin Money London Marathon) is a long-distance running event held in London, United Kingdom, part of the World Marathon Majors.
The LA Marathon (formerly the City of Los Angeles Marathon) is an annual running event held each spring in Los Angeles, California.
Lucian of Samosata (125 AD – after 180 AD) was a Hellenized Syrian satirist and rhetorician who is best known for his characteristic tongue-in-cheek style, with which he frequently ridiculed superstition, religious practices, and belief in the paranormal.
Lucy Wangui Kabuu (born 24 March 1984) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who specializes in the 5000 and 10,000 metres events.
The Man versus Horse Marathon is an annual race over, where runners compete against riders on horseback.
This list is a chronological progression of record times for the marathon.
Marathon (Demotic Greek: Μαραθώνας, Marathónas; Attic/Katharevousa: Μαραθών, Marathṓn) is a town in Greece and the site of the battle of Marathon in 490 BCE, in which the heavily outnumbered Athenian army defeated the Persians.
Marathon events have been held at the Summer Paralympic Games, for both men and women, since the 1984 Summer Paralympics in Stoke Mandeville and New York City.
Mare Dibaba Hurrsa (born 20 October 1989) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner.
Marie-Louise Ledru was a French athlete who has been credited as the first woman to race the now-defined marathon distance of 42.195 km.
The Marine Corps Marathon (MCM) is an annual marathon held in Arlington, Virginia and Washington, DC.
Mary Jepkosgei Keitany (born 18 January 1982) is a Kenyan long distance runner.
Massage is to work and act on the body with pressure.
Michel Jules Alfred Bréal (26 March 183225 November 1915), French philologist, was born at Landau in Rhenish Bavaria.
is a Japanese professional long-distance runner who specialises in the marathon event.
Modern Greek (Νέα Ελληνικά or Νεοελληνική Γλώσσα "Neo-Hellenic", historically and colloquially also known as Ρωμαίικα "Romaic" or "Roman", and Γραικικά "Greek") refers to the dialects and varieties of the Greek language spoken in the modern era.
Moses Cheruiyot Mosop (born 7 July 1985) is a Kenyan middle and long distance athlete.
Mosinet Geremew (born 12 February 1992) is an Ethiopian middle-distance and long-distance runner.
Mount Pentelicus or Pentelikon is a mountain range in Attica, Greece, situated northeast of Athens and southwest of Marathon.
Mountain marathon is an extended form of fell running, usually over two days and often with a strong orienteering element.
Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
is a Japanese long-distance runner competing mainly in the marathon.
Naproxen (brand names: Aleve, Naprosyn, and many others) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) of the propionic acid class (the same class as ibuprofen) that relieves pain, fever, swelling, and stiffness.
The following tables are an overview of all current national records in the marathon, as compiled by the International Association of Athletics Federations and other authoritative sources of road racing statistics.
The New York City Marathon (branded TCS New York City Marathon and formerly branded ING New York City Marathon for sponsorship reasons) is an annual marathon that courses through the five boroughs of New York City.
New York Road Runners (NYRR) is a non-profit running organization based in New York City whose mission is to help and inspire people through running.
The Niagara Falls International Marathon is an annual marathon running competition from Buffalo, New York, United States to Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a drug class that reduce pain, decrease fever, prevent blood clots and, in higher doses, decrease inflammation.
The North Pole, also known as the Geographic North Pole or Terrestrial North Pole, is (subject to the caveats explained below) defined as the point in the Northern Hemisphere where the Earth's axis of rotation meets its surface.
Odisha (formerly Orissa) is one of the 29 states of India, located in eastern India.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.
Opportunity, also known as MER-B (Mars Exploration Rover – B) or MER-1, is a robotic rover active on Mars since 2004.
A pacemaker or pacesetter, sometimes informally called a rabbit, is a runner who leads a middle- or long distance running event for the first section to ensure a fast time and avoid excessive tactical racing.
The Panathenaic Stadium (Παναθηναϊκό Στάδιο, Panathinaïkó Stádio) or Kallimarmaro (Καλλιμάρμαρο, lit. "beautiful marble") is a multi-purpose stadium in Athens, Greece.
The Paris International Marathon (Marathon International de Paris) is an annual marathon which takes place from the Champs-Élysées heading towards the Place de la Concorde and continuing through the city to finish at Foch Avenue.
Patrick Makau Musyoki (born 2 March 1985) is a runner from Kenya.
Patriots' Day (so punctuated in several U. S. states, but Patriot's Day in Maine) is an annual event, formalized as several state holidays, commemorating the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the first battles of the American Revolutionary War.
Paula Jane Radcliffe, MBE (born 17 December 1973) is an English long-distance runner.
The Peace Bridge is an international bridge between Canada and the United States at the east end of Lake Erie at the source of the Niagara River, about upriver of Niagara Falls.
Penteli (Πεντέλη) is a town and a municipality in the North Athens regional unit, Attica, Greece.
The Persian Empire (شاهنشاهی ایران, translit., lit. 'Imperial Iran') refers to any of a series of imperial dynasties that were centred in Persia/Iran from the 6th-century-BC Achaemenid Empire era to the 20th century AD in the Qajar dynasty era.
Pheidippides (Φειδιππίδης) or Philippides (Φιλιππίδης) is the central figure in the story that inspired a modern sporting event, the marathon race.
Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee, as well as its second President.
The Pikes Peak Ascent and Marathon is a racing event that begins at the base of Pikes Peak, in Manitou Springs, Colorado, and climbs over 7,815 feet (2382 m) to the top of the 14,115 foot (4302 m) peak.
Plutarch (Πλούταρχος, Ploútarkhos,; c. CE 46 – CE 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, (Λούκιος Μέστριος Πλούταρχος) was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.
The Polar Circle Marathon in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland is an annual marathon (42.195 km or 26.219 mi) that has the distinction of being situated on 66 degrees northern latitude, also known as the Polar Circle.
The Polytechnic Marathon, often called the Poly, was a marathon held annually between 1909 and 1996, over various courses in or near London.
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (prostaglandin G/H synthase and cyclooxygenase) (The HUGO official symbol is PTGS2; HGNC ID, HGNC:9605), also known as cyclooxygenase-2 or COX-2, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PTGS2 gene.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Sir Ranulph Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, 3rd Baronet, OBE (born 7 March 1944), commonly known as Ranulph "Ran" Fiennes, is a British explorer and holder of several endurance records.
Ricardo Abad Martínez (Tafalla, January 8, 1971) is a Spanish ultrarunner.
Richard Donovan (born c. 1966) is an Irish runner, commercial race organizer and sports administrator.
Rift Valley Province (Mkoa wa Bonde la Ufa) of Kenya, bordering Uganda, was one of Kenya's eight provinces, before the Kenyan general election, 2013.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Rita Jeptoo (born 15 February 1981) is a Kenyan marathon runner.
Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and field and cross country running).
Robert Browning (7 May 1812 – 12 December 1889) was an English poet and playwright whose mastery of the dramatic monologue made him one of the foremost Victorian poets.
The Rock 'n' Roll San Diego Marathon is an annual marathon foot-race held in San Diego, California.
The Rome Marathon is an annual marathon competition hosted by the city of Rome, Italy.
The Rotterdam Marathon, currently branded NN Rotterdam Marathon, is an annual marathon that has been held in Rotterdam, the Netherlands since 1981.
Runner's World is a globally circulated monthly magazine for runners of all skills sets, published by Rodale Inc. in Emmaus, Pennsylvania, in the United States.
In the United States, there was a boom in the 1970s in competitive road running and in jogging for recreation and fitness.
The Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí is a purpose-built parade area built for the Rio Carnival in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Sammy Kirop Kitwara (born 26 November 1986 in Sagat, Marakwet District) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who specialises in road running events.
Samuel Kamau Wanjiru (10 November 1986 – 15 May 2011) was a Kenyan athlete who specialised in long-distance running.
Sarah Chepchirchir (born 27 July 1984 in Nandi County) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who competes in road running competitions in distances ranging from 10K runs to the half marathon.
The Seoul International Marathon, also known as the Dong-A Ilbo Seoul Marathon, is an annual marathon race that takes place in Seoul, South Korea.
The short course prevention factor (SCPF) is a multiplicative factor or coefficient used in the sport of athletics, specifically road running, to ensure that the measured length of a course is at least as long as the desired length of the course.
Sisay Lemma Kasaye (born 12 December 1990) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner.
Sodium is a chemical element with symbol Na (from Latin natrium) and atomic number 11.
Sodium chloride, also known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
Sparta (Doric Greek: Σπάρτα, Spártā; Attic Greek: Σπάρτη, Spártē) was a prominent city-state in ancient Greece.
A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
Spiridon "Spyros" Louis (Σπυρίδων "Σπύρος" Λούης, sometimes transliterated Loues; 12 January 1873 – 26 March 1940) was a Greek water-carrier who won the first modern-day Olympic marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics, thereby becoming a national hero.
Stamata Revithi (Σταμάτα Ρεβίθη; 1866 – after 1896) was a Greek woman who ran the 40-kilometre marathon during the 1896 Summer Olympics.
Stanley Kipleting Biwott (born 21 April 1986) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who competes in half marathon and marathon races.
Stefaan Engels (born 7 April 1961, Ghent, Belgium), also known as "marathon man", is a Belgian marathoner and triathlete, the first man to run the marathon distance 365 consecutive times in a single year.
Stefano Baldini (born 25 May 1971 in Castelnovo di Sotto, Emilia-Romagna, Italy) is a retired Italian runner who specialized in the marathon.
Stephen Kiprotich ("KIP-roh-tich", born 27 February 1989) is a Ugandan long-distance runner, born in Kapchorwa District.
The Stockholm Marathon, known as the ASICS Stockholm Marathon for sponsorship reasons, is an annual marathon arranged in Stockholm, Sweden since 1979.
A subungual hematoma is a collection of blood (hematoma) underneath a toenail or fingernail (black toenail).
It remains a difficult medical challenge to prevent the sudden cardiac death of athletes, typically defined as natural, unexpected death from cardiac arrest within one hour of the onset of collapse symptoms, excluding additional time on mechanical life support.
Sun Yingjie (born January 19, 1979 in Sujiatun, Shenyang, Liaoning) is a Chinese female long-distance runner who competes in events ranging from 5000 metres to the marathon.
Thian K. "Sy" Mah (August 2, 1926 – November 7, 1988) was an assistant professor of physical education at the University of Toledo and a Canadian long-distance runner who held a Guinness World Records mark for the most lifetime marathons (524).
Tamirat Tola Abera (born 11 August 1991) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in cross country running and road running.
In the context of sports, tapering refers to the practice of reducing exercise in the days just before an important competition.
Tendinitis (also tendonitis), meaning inflammation of a tendon, is a type of tendinopathy often confused with the more common tendinosis, which has similar symptoms but requires different treatment.
Terrance Stanley "Terry" Fox (July 28, 1958 June 28, 1981) was a Canadian athlete, humanitarian, and cancer research activist.
Tesfaye Abera Dibaba (born 31 March 1992) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in marathons.
Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday celebrated in Canada, the United States, some of the Caribbean islands, and Liberia.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Mall is a road in the City of Westminster, central London, between Buckingham Palace at its western end and Trafalgar Square via Admiralty Arch to the east.
The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) is a weekly medical journal published by the Massachusetts Medical Society.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
Tibetan Buddhism is the form of Buddhist doctrine and institutions named after the lands of Tibet, but also found in the regions surrounding the Himalayas and much of Central Asia.
Erba Tiki Gelana (ኧርባ ቲኪ ገላና; born 22 October 1987) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in marathon races.
Tirfi Tsegaye Beyene (born 25 November 1984) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in marathon races.
Tirunesh Dibaba, also known as Tirunesh Dibaba Kenene, (Amharic: ጥሩነሽ ዲባባ ቀነኒ; born 1 June 1985) is an Ethiopian athlete who competes in long distance track events and international road races.
The is an annual marathon sporting event in Tokyo, the capital of Japan.
The Toronto Waterfront Marathon is an annual marathon held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in October.
Tromsø (Romsa; Tromssa; Tromssa) is a city and municipality in Troms county, Norway.
Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon is the northernmost Association of International Marathons and Distance Races certified marathon in the world.
Tsegaye Kebede Wordofa (Amharic: ፀጋየ ከበደ ዎርዶፋ; born 15 January 1987) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner who competes in road running events, including marathons.
Tsegaye Mekonnen (born 15 June 1995) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner.
An ultramarathon, also called ultra distance or ultra running, is any footrace longer than the traditional marathon length of.
Violet Stewart Louisa Piercy (24 December 1889 – April 1972) was an English long-distance runner who is recognized by the International Association of Athletics Federations as having set the first women's world best in the marathon on 3 October 1926 with a time of 3:40:22.
Vivian Jepkemoi Cheruiyot (born 11 September 1983) is a Kenyan long-distance runner who specialises in track and cross country running, olympic champion in 5000 metres event.
VO2 max (also maximal oxygen consumption, maximal oxygen uptake, peak oxygen uptake or maximal aerobic capacity) is the maximum rate of oxygen consumption measured during incremental exercise (exercise of increasing intensity).
Washington's Birthday is a United States federal holiday celebrated on the third Monday of February in honor of George Washington, the first President of the United States, who was born on February 22, 1732.
Water intoxication, also known as water poisoning, hyperhydration, or water toxemia is a potentially fatal disturbance in brain functions that results when the normal balance of electrolytes in the body is pushed outside safe limits by overhydration (excessive water intake).
Wheelchair racing is the racing of wheelchairs in track and road races.
White City Stadium (originally The Great Stadium) was built in White City, London, for the 1908 Summer Olympics and is often seen as the precursor to the modern seater stadium and noted for hosting the finish of the first modern distance marathon.
Wilson Kipsang Kiprotich (born 15 March 1982) is a Kenyan athlete who specialises in long-distance running, competing in events ranging from 10 km to the marathon.
Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
The Abbott World Marathon Majors (AWMM), originally known as the World Marathon Majors (WMM), is a championship-style competition for marathon runners that started in 2006.
World Masters Athletics is the worldwide governing body for the sport of masters athletics – which includes track and field, cross country, and road running events – as participated by people over 35 years of age.
A world record is usually the best global performance ever recorded and officially verified in a specific skill or sport.
is a long-distance runner from Japan, who is competing in the 5000 and 10,000 metres as well as the marathon race.
Yonkers is the fourth most populous city in the U.S. state of New York, behind New York City, Buffalo, and Rochester.
Zhou Chunxiu (born November 15, 1978 in Sheqi County, Henan) is a Chinese marathon runner.
The 100 Marathon Club or British 100 Marathon Club is a club for marathon and ultra marathon runners.
The 1896 Summer Olympics (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 1896), officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was the first international Olympic Games held in modern history.
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, United Kingdom from 27 April to 31 October 1908.
The 1984 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from July 28 to August 12, 1984, in Los Angeles (LA), California, United States.
1992 was designated as.
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games (Θερινοί Ολυμπιακοί Αγώνες 2004), officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and commonly known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. 10,625 athletes competed, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad and commonly known as Beijing 2008, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 8 to 24 August 2008 in Beijing, China.
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and commonly known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom.
The closing ceremony of the London 2012 Summer Olympics, also known as A Symphony of British Music, was held on 12–13 August in the Olympic Stadium.
The 2016 Summer Olympics (Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 2016), officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and commonly known as Rio 2016, was an international multi-sport event that was held from 5 to 21 August 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with preliminary events in some sports beginning on 3 August.
The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from 20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracanã Stadium, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The 2018 London Marathon (officially 2018 Virgin Money London Marathon) was the 38th annual mass participation London Marathon race and took place on Sunday, 22 April 2018, in London, England.
The 70th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 70 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane, in the Arctic.
26.2, 42.195 kilometers, 42.195 kilometres, 42.195 km, Full marathon, Marathon (race), Marathon (sport), Marathon (sports), Marathon distance, Marathon race, Marathon runner, Marathon running, Marathoner, Marathoners, Marathonist, Marathons, Wheelchair marathon.