760 relations: Abdas of Susa, Academi, Acathius of Melitene, Adam Green (filmmaker), Adam Zampa, Adriaan van Maanen, Ahmad ibn Muhammad, Ahmad Sayyed Javadi, Airbus A310, Al Gore, Al-Mutawakkil, Alan Duncan, Alan Fitzgerald (satirist), Alban Berg, Albert Hourani, Alberto Junior Rodríguez, Alberto Martín Romo García Adámez, Alberto Sughi, Alejandro Amenábar, Alenka Bratušek, Alexander von Zemlinsky, Alexis Ferrero, Alfred E. Hunt, Alfredo Marte, Alhambra Decree, Amaury Bischoff, American Revolutionary War, Anandi Gopal Joshi, András Adorján, Andreas Dober, Andrew Bowen, Andrew Marvell, Anesius, Anglican Communion, Angus King, Angus Young, Anita Carter, Anne Gwynne, Anne Hyde, Antje Gleichfeld, Antoine Augustin Cournot, Anton Webern, Aridane Santana, Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Arnold Schoenberg, Arthur B. Rubinstein, Arthur Griffith, Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Audrey Kawasaki, Augustin Banyaga, ..., Augustinians, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijanis, Étienne Bézout, Ballets Russes, Balotești, Bam Childress, Bang Yong-guk, Bangorian Controversy, Bankruptcy, Barney Frank, Barry Took, Battle of Christmas Island, Battleship, Bazaar, Kansas, Beatričė Rožinskaitė, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Bella Abzug, Ben Adams (track and field), Beni Montresor, Benjamín G. 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Abdas, (also Abda, Abdias, and Audas) was bishop of Susa in Iran.
Academi is an American private military company founded in 1997 by former Navy SEAL officer Erik Prince as Blackwater, renamed as Xe Services in 2009 and now known as Academi since 2011 after the company was acquired by a group of private investors.
Saint Acathius (died 251, also known as Acacius) was bishop of Melitene (now is Malatya in modern Turkey) in the third century, although he is occasionally given as bishop of Antioch.
Adam Green (born March 31, 1975) is an American actor-filmmaker known for horror and comedy films, including the Hatchet franchise, Frozen, and the television series Holliston.
Adam Zampa (born 31 March 1992) is an Australian cricketer who represents South Australia, Melbourne Stars and Rising Pune Supergiants.
Adriaan van Maanen (March 31, 1884, Sneek – January 26, 1946, Pasadena) was a Dutch–American astronomer.
Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Muhammad (June 21, 906 – March 31, 963) was the amir of Sistan from 923 until his death.
Ahmad Sadr Haj Seyyed Javadi (احمد صدر حاجسیدجوادی; 24 June 1917 – 31 March 2013) was an Iranian lawyer, political activist and politician, who served as interior minister and justice minister.
The Airbus A310 is a medium- to long-range twin-engined wide-body jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus, then a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers.
Albert Arnold Gore Jr. (born March 31, 1948) is an American politician and environmentalist who served as the 45th Vice President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
Abu’l-Faḍl Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad al-Muʿtaṣim bi’llāh (جعفر بن محمد المعتصم بالله; March 822 – 11 December 861), better known by his regnal name al-Mutawakkil ʿAlā ’llāh (المتوكل على الله, "He who relies on God") was an Abbasid caliph who reigned in Samarra from 847 until 861.
Sir Alan James Carter Duncan (born 31 March 1957) is a British Conservative Party politician.
Alan John Fitzgerald (5 November 193531 March 2011) was an Australian author, journalist and satirist.
Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 – December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer of the Second Viennese School.
Albert Habib Hourani CBE (ألبرت حبيب حوراني Albart Ḥabīb Ḥūrānī; 31 March 1915 – 17 January 1993) was a British historian, specialising in the Middle East.
Alberto Junior Rodríguez Valdelomar, nicknamed El mudo (mute) (born 31 March 1984), is a Peruvian professional footballer who plays as a central defender for Atlético Junior and the Peru national team.
Alberto Martín Romo García Adámez (born 31 March 1989), known simply as Alberto, is a Spanish footballer who plays for Granada CF as a midfielder.
Alberto Sughi (October 5, 1928 – March 31, 2012) was an Italian painter.
Alejandro Fernando Amenábar Cantos (born March 31, 1972), commonly known as Alejandro Amenábar, is a Spanish and Chilean film director, screenwriter and composer.
Alenka Bratušek (born 31 March 1970) is a Slovenian public servant.
Alexander Zemlinsky or Alexander von Zemlinsky (14 October 1871 – 15 March 1942) was an Austrian composer, conductor, and teacher.
Alexis Javier Ferrero (born 31 March 1979) is an Argentine football centre back who formerly played for Central Córdoba.
Alfred Ephraim Hunt was a 19th-century American metallurgist and industrialist best known for founding the company that would eventually become Alcoa, the world's largest producer and distributor of aluminum.
Alfredo Marte (born March 31, 1989) is a Dominican professional baseball left fielder who is currently a free agent.
The Alhambra Decree (also known as the Edict of Expulsion; Spanish: Decreto de la Alhambra, Edicto de Granada) was an edict issued on 31 March 1492, by the joint Catholic Monarchs of Spain (Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon) ordering the expulsion of practicing Jews from the Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon and its territories and possessions by 31 July of that year.
Amaury Armindo Bischoff (born 31 March 1987) is a Franco-Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a central midfielder for German club F.C. Hansa Rostock.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi (31 March 1865 – 26 February 1887) was one of the earliest Indian female physicians.
András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.
Andreas Dober (born 31 March 1986 in Vienna) is an Austrian football player who plays for Rapid Wien II.
Andrew Bowen (born March 31, 1972) is an American actor known most for his appearances on the sketch comedy series MADtv.
Andrew Marvell (31 March 1621 – 16 August 1678) was an English metaphysical poet, satirist and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1659 and 1678.
Anesius is one of several Christian martyrs in Africa commemorated as saints on March 31.
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion with 85 million members, founded in 1867 in London, England.
Angus Stanley King Jr. (born March 31, 1944) is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator from Maine since 2013.
Angus McKinnon Young (born 31 March 1955) is an Australian guitarist, best known as the co-founder, lead guitarist, songwriter and only remaining original member of the Australian hard rock band AC/DC.
Ina Anita Carter (March 31, 1933 – July 29, 1999), the youngest daughter of Ezra and Mother Maybelle Carter, was a versatile American singer who experimented with several different types of music and played upright bass with her sisters Helen Carter and June Carter Cash as The Carter Sisters.
Anne Gwynne (born Marguerite Gwynne Trice; December 10, 1918 – March 31, 2003) was an American actress and model who was known as one of the first scream queens because of her numerous appearances in horror films.
Anne Hyde (12 March 163731 March 1671) was Duchess of York and of Albany as the first wife of the future King James II of England.
Antje Gleichfeld (née Braasch on 31 March 1938) is a retired German middle-distance runner.
Antoine Augustin Cournot (28 August 180131 March 1877) was a French philosopher and mathematician who also contributed to the development of economics theory.
Anton Friedrich Wilhelm (von) Webern (3 December 188315 September 1945) was an Austrian composer and conductor.
Aridane Jesús Santana Cabrera (born 31 March 1987), known simply as Aridane, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a striker for Albacete Balompié.
The Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) (classical Հայ Յեղափոխական Դաշնակցութիւն, ՀՅԴ), also known as Dashnaktsutyun (in a short form, Dashnak), is an Armenian nationalist and socialist political party founded in 1890 in Tiflis, Russian Empire (now Tbilisi, Georgia) by Christapor Mikaelian, Stepan Zorian, and Simon Zavarian.
Arnold Franz Walter Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 187413 July 1951) was an Austrian-American composer, music theorist, teacher, writer, and painter.
Arthur B. Rubinstein (March 31, 1938 – April 23, 2018) was an American composer.
Arthur Joseph Griffith (Art Seosamh Ó Gríobhtha; 31 March 1871 – 12 August 1922) was an Irish politician and writer, who founded and later led the political party Sinn Féin.
, also known as Yoshifushi or Yoshifuji, was the 13th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1546 to 1565 during the late Muromachi period of Japan.
Audrey Kawasaki (born March 31, 1982 in Los Angeles, California interview by Chris Mitchell, Lifelounge (online magazine), October 4, 2006.) is a Los Angeles-based painter, known for her distinctive, erotically charged portrayals of young, adolescent women.
Augustin Banyaga (born March 31, 1947) is a Rwandan-born American mathematician whose research fields include symplectic topology and contact geometry.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
Azerbaijanis or Azeris (Azərbaycanlılar آذربایجانلیلار, Azərilər آذریلر), also known as Azerbaijani Turks (Azərbaycan türkləri آذربایجان تورکلری), are a Turkic ethnic group living mainly in the Iranian region of Azerbaijan and the sovereign (former Soviet) Republic of Azerbaijan.
Étienne Bézout (31 March 1730 – 27 September 1783) was a French mathematician who was born in Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France, and died in Avon (near Fontainebleau), France.
The Ballets Russes was an itinerant ballet company based in Paris that performed between 1909 and 1929 throughout Europe and on tours to North and South America.
Balotești is a commune in the northwestern part of Ilfov County, Romania.
Brandon "Bam" Childress (born March 31, 1982) is a former gridiron football wide receiver.
Bang Yong-guk (born March 31, 1990) is a South Korean rapper, songwriter and record producer.
The Bangorian Controversy was a theological argument within the Church of England in the early 18th century, with strong political overtones.
Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay debts to creditors.
Barnett "Barney" Frank (born March 31, 1940) is a former American politician and board member of the New York-based Signature Bank.
Barry Took (19 June 192831 March 2002) was an English writer, television presenter and comedian.
The Battle of Christmas Island was a small engagement which began on 31 March 1942, during World War II.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns.
Bazaar is an unincorporated community in Chase County, Kansas, United States.
Beatričė Rožinskaitė (born March 31, 1992 in Kaunas, Lithuania) is a Lithuanian figure skater.
The Bechuanaland Protectorate was a protectorate established on 31 March 1885, by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in southern Africa.
Bella Savitzky Abzug (July 24, 1920 – March 31, 1998), nicknamed "Battling Bella", was an American lawyer, U.S. Representative, social activist and a leader of the Women's Movement.
Benjamin "Ben" Willard Adams (March 31, 1890 – March 14, 1961) was an American athlete who competed mainly in the standing jumps.
Beni Montresor (born 31 March 1926 in Bussolengo, Italy; died 11 October 2001 in Verona, Italy) was a versatile Italian artist, opera and film director, set designer, author and children's book illustrator.
Benjamin Eicher (born 31 March 1974 in Tübingen, Germany) is a film director famous for his cult film sequel Dei Mudder Sei Gesicht II and further feature-length gangster comedies.
Benjamin Hoadly (14 November 1676 – 17 April 1761) was an English clergyman, who was successively Bishop of Bangor, of Hereford, of Salisbury, and finally of Winchester.
Benjamin (AD 329 –) was a deacon martyred circa 424 in Persia.
Bernard Otto Gruenke (February 17, 1913 – March 31, 2012) was an American stained glass artist who produced one of the first faceted (Dalle de Verre) glass windows in the United States in 1949.
Bernard of Clairvaux, O.Cist (Bernardus Claraevallensis; 109020 August 1153) was a French abbot and a major leader in the reform of Benedictine monasticism that caused the formation of the Cistercian order.
Bertram Fields (born March 31, 1929) is an American lawyer noted for his work in the field of entertainment law.
Elizabeth Ann Dewar "Betty" Churcher (née Cameron; 11 January 193131 March 2015) was an Australian arts administrator, best known as director of the National Gallery of Australia from 1990 to 1997.
William Lawrence "Bill" Hicke (March 31, 1938 – July 18, 2005) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.
William (Bill) Bond Keightley (December 17, 1926 – March 31, 2008) was the equipment manager for the University of Kentucky men's basketball team, a position he held for 48 years.
The Bishop of Bangor is the ordinary of the Church in Wales Diocese of Bangor.
Robert J. "Bob" Clarke (January 25, 1926 – March 31, 2013) was an American illustrator whose work appeared in advertisements and MAD Magazine.
Sir Robert Edward Russell (born 31 March 1946) is a former Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom who was the Member of Parliament for Colchester from 1997 to 2015.
The Bolsheviks, originally also Bolshevists or Bolsheviki (p; derived from bol'shinstvo (большинство), "majority", literally meaning "one of the majority"), were a faction of the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) which split apart from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903.
Blessed Bonaventura Tornielli (1411 - 31 March 1491) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member from the Servite Order.
Bonvi, pen name of Franco Bonvicini (March 31, 1941 - December 10, 1995), was an Italian comic book artist, creator of Sturmtruppen and Nick Carter strips.
Borisav Stanković (Борисав Станковић; 31 March 1876 – 22 October 1927), also known by his nickname Bora (Бора), was a Serbian writer belonging to the school of realism.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
The Boston Port Act was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain which became law on March 31, 1774, and took effect on June 1, 1774.
Brandon Bruce Lee (February 1, 1965 – March 31, 1993) was an American actor and martial artist.
Brian Ackland-Snow (31 March 1940 – 30 March 2013) was an English production designer.
The Bridge Pavilion (Pabellón Puente) is a building designed by British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid that was constructed for the Expo 2008 in Zaragoza (Spain) as one of its main landmarks.
James Albert MacPherson (March 31, 1927 in Edmonton, Alberta – August 31, 1988), known as Bud MacPherson or Jim MacPherson, was a Canadian ice hockey defenceman.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Cameron Murray (born 31 March 1975 in Hawick, Scotland) is a retired Scotland rugby union footballer.
The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.
The Canadian federal election of 1958 was the 24th general election in Canada's history.
The Capture of Malolos (Labanan para sa Malolos), alternately known as the Battle of Malolos, occurred on March 31, 1899, in Malolos, Bulacan, during the Philippine–American War.
Carl Matthew Dickinson (born 31 March 1987) is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender for EFL League Two club Yeovil Town.
Carlo Rubbia, (born 31 March 1934) is an Italian particle physicist and inventor who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1984 with Simon van der Meer for work leading to the discovery of the W and Z particles at CERN.
Carlos Emilio Gaviria Díaz (8 May 1937 – 31 March 2015) was a Colombian lawyer, professor and politician.
César Augusto Gaviria Trujillo (born March 31, 1947) is a Colombian economist and politician who served as the President of Colombia from 1990 to 1994, Secretary General of the Organization of American States from 1994 to 2004 and National Director of the Colombian Liberal Party from 2005 to 2009.
Carlos César Sampaio Campos (born 31 March 1968) is a Brazilian former footballer, who played as a midfielder.
Cesar Chavez (born César Estrada Chávez,; March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) was an American labor leader and civil rights activist who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association (later the United Farm Workers union, UFW) in 1962.
Cesar Chavez Day is a U.S. federal commemorative holiday, proclaimed by President Barack Obama in 2014.
Charles-Amarin Brand (27 June 1920 – 31 March 2013) was a French prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.
Charles Herbert Best (February 27, 1899 – March 31, 1978) was a Canadian medical scientist and one of the co-discoverers of insulin.
Baron Charles Cagniard de la Tour (31 March 1777 – 5 July 1859) was a French engineer and physicist.
Charles Eli Guggenheim (March 31, 1924 – October 9, 2002) was an American film director and producer.
Charles II (Karl II.; 10 April 1651, Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685.
Charles Humphrey Keating Jr. (December 4, 1923 – March 31, 2014) was an American athlete, lawyer, real estate developer, banker, financier, and activist best known for his role in the savings and loan scandal of the late 1980s.
Charles Nelson Manning (born March 31, 1979 in Winter Haven, Florida) is a former professional baseball relief pitcher who last played for the Southern Maryland Blue Crabs.
Charlotte Brontë (commonly; 21 April 1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and whose novels have become classics of English literature.
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (CRI&P RW, sometimes called Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway) was a Class I railroad in the United States.
Chios (Χίος, Khíos) is the fifth largest of the Greek islands, situated in the Aegean Sea, off the Anatolian coast.
The Chios massacre (in Η σφαγή της Χίου) was the killing of tens of thousands of Greeks on the island of Chios by Ottoman troops during the Greek War of Independence in 1822.
Chlodwig Carl Viktor, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Prince of Ratibor and Corvey (Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Fürst von Ratibor und Corvey) (31 March 18196 July 1901), usually referred to as the Prince of Hohenlohe, was a German statesman, who served as Chancellor of Germany and Prime Minister of Prussia from 1894 to 1900.
Choor Singh Sidhu (19 January 1911 – 31 March 2009), known professionally as Choor Singh, was a judge of the Supreme Court of Singapore and, particularly after his retirement from the bench, a philanthropist and writer of books about Sikhism.
Christina Stead (17 July 190231 March 1983) was an Australian novelist and short-story writer acclaimed for her satirical wit and penetrating psychological characterisations.
Christopher Hampson (born 31 March 1973) is an English ballet choreographer and director and former ballet dancer.
Christopher Walken (born Ronald Walken on March 31, 1943) is an American actor of screen and stage who has appeared in more than 100 films and television shows, including Annie Hall (1977), The Deer Hunter (1978), The Dogs of War (1980), The Dead Zone (1983), A View to a Kill (1985), Batman Returns (1992), True Romance (1993), Pulp Fiction (1994), Antz (1998), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Catch Me If You Can (2002), Hairspray (2007), Seven Psychopaths (2012), the first three Prophecy films, The Jungle Book (2016), as well as music videos by many popular recording artists.
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men.
Clemens Heinrich Krauss (31 March 189316 May 1954) was an Austrian conductor and opera impresario, particularly associated with the music of Richard Strauss.
Clifford Glenwood Shull (September 23, 1915 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania – March 31, 2001) was a Nobel Prize-winning American physicist.
was a Japanese manga author and illustrator from Fukuoka Prefecture.
Coenraad Jacob Temminck (31 March 1778 – 30 January 1858) was a Dutch aristocrat, zoologist, and museum director.
College athletics in the United States or college sports in the United States refers primarily to sports and athletic competition organized and funded by institutions of tertiary education (universities, or colleges in American English).
Commodore was an early title and later a rank in the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard and the Confederate States Navy.
Conrad Ignatius Mario Maximilian Sewell (born 31 March 1988) is an Australian singer and songwriter.
Constantine the Great (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February 272 ADBirth dates vary but most modern historians use 272". Lenski, "Reign of Constantine" (CC), 59. – 22 May 337 AD), also known as Constantine I or Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor of Illyrian and Greek origin from 306 to 337 AD.
Constantius I (Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius Augustus;Martindale, pg. 227 31 March 25 July 306), commonly known as Constantius Chlorus (Χλωρός, Kōnstantios Khlōrós, literally "Constantius the Pale"), was Caesar, a form of Roman co-emperor, from 293 to 306.
On March 31, 1854, the or was the first treaty between the United States and the Tokugawa shogunate.
Corpus Christi, colloquially Corpus (Latin: Body of Christ), is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas.
Craig Douglas McCracken (born March 31, 1971) is an American animator, director, writer, and producer.
A creditor is a party (for example, person, organization, company, or government) that has a claim on the services of a second party.
Dagmar Maria Lange (31 March 1914, Västerås – 9 October 1991, Nora) was a Swedish author of crime fiction under the pen name Maria Lang.
Dale Raymond Corson (April 5, 1914 – March 31, 2012) was the eighth president of Cornell University.
Dalibor Vesely (19 June 1934 – 31 March 2015) was a Czech-born architectural historian and theorist who was influential through his teaching and writing in promoting the role of hermeneutics and phenomenology as part of the discourse of architecture and of architectural design.
The Danish West Indies (Dansk Vestindien) or Danish Antilles was a Danish colony in the Caribbean, consisting of the islands of Saint Thomas with; Saint John with; and Saint Croix with.
Dante Giacosa (3 January 1905 - 31 March 1996) was an Italian automobile designer and engineer responsible for a range of Italian automobile designs — and for refining the front-wheel drive layout to an industry-standard configuration.
David Clarkson (born March 31, 1984) is a Canadian professional ice hockey coach and former player.
David Carlyle Rocastle (2 May 1967 – 31 March 2001) was an English professional footballer who played as a midfielder in the roles of a playmaker and a winger.
David Martin Scott Steel, Baron Steel of Aikwood, (born 31 March 1938) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who served as the Leader of the Liberal Party from 1976 until its merger with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats.
Daylight saving time (abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in U.S., Canadian, and Australian speech, and known as summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times.
Dean Clark (born 31 March 1980) is a retired footballer.
DeAndre Desmond Liggins (born March 31, 1988) is an American professional basketball player for the New Orleans Pelicans of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
Deborah Vivien Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, (born Deborah Freeman-Mitford; 31 March 1920 – 24 September 2014) was an English aristocrat, writer, memoirist and socialite.
Debt is when something, usually money, is owed by one party, the borrower or debtor, to a second party, the lender or creditor.
Deirdre Clancy (born 31 March 1943) is a British costume designer.
Demetris Assiotis (Δημήτρης Ασσιώτης) (born March 31, 1971) is a former international Cypriot football midfielder.
Denise Robertson MBE, DL (9 June 1932 – 31 March 2016) was a British writer and television broadcaster.
Dennis David Kahekilimamaoikalanikeha Kamakahi (March 31, 1953 – April 28, 2014) was a Hawaiian slack key guitarist, recording artist, music composer, and Christian minister.
Dionigi di Borgo San Sepolcro OESA (Roberti of Roberti, Dennis) (c. 1300 – 31 March 1342) was an Augustinian monk who was at one time Petrarch's confessor, and who taught Boccaccio at the beginning of his education in the humanities.
Dmitri Uchaykin (Дмитрий Викторович Учайкин) (10 June 1980 – 31 March 2013) was a Russian ice hockey left-winger.
Newfoundland was a British dominion from 1907 to 1949.
Donald Michael Ellison Foster, Baron Foster of Bath, (born 31 March 1947) is a British Liberal Democrat politician who represented Bath, Somerset as its constituency MP from 1992 until 2015.
Dorin R. Dickerson (born March 31, 1988) is an American football tight end who is currently a free agent.
Dorothy DeLay (March 31, 1917 – March 24, 2002) was an American violin instructor, primarily at the Juilliard School, Sarah Lawrence College, and the University of Cincinnati.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The Eastern Orthodox Church, also known as the Orthodox Church, or officially as the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian Church, with over 250 million members.
Ed Marinaro (born March 31, 1950) is a former American football player and actor.
Ed Williamson (born 31 March 1984 in Teesside, England) is a rugby union player for Union Athletic Libournaise.
Eduardo Martínez Somalo (born 31 March 1927) is a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Edward FitzGerald (31 March 1809 – 14 June 1883) was an English poet and writer, best known as the poet of the first and most famous English translation of The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (28 November 1661 – 31 March 1723), styled Viscount Cornbury between 1674 and 1709, was propelled into the forefront of English politics when he and part of his army defected from the Catholic King James II to support the newly arrived Protestant contender, William III of Orange.
Edwin Earl Catmull (born March 31, 1945) is an American computer scientist and current president of Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios.
The Eiffel Tower (tour Eiffel) is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
Elisabeth Schilz Grümmer (31 March 1911 – 6 November 1986) was a German soprano.
Eliyahu Moshe Goldratt (March 31, 1947 – June 11, 2011) was an Israeli business management guru.
Elmer Diedtrich (March 31, 1927 – February 19, 2013) was an American politician and businessman.
Emil Fenyvessy (31 March 1859 – 20 March 1924) was a Hungarian actor.
Emil von Behring (Emil Adolf von Behring), born as Emil Adolf Behring (15 March 1854 – 31 March 1917), was a German physiologist who received the 1901 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the first one awarded, for his discovery of a diphtheria antitoxin.
Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei ((北)魏孝明帝) (510 – March 31, 528), personal name Yuan Xu (元詡), was an emperor of the Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei (386–535).
Enid Algerine Bagnold, Lady Jones (27 October 1889 – 31 March 1981) was a British author and playwright, known for the 1935 story National Velvet.
The equites (eques nom. singular; sometimes referred to as "knights" in modern times) constituted the second of the property-based classes of ancient Rome, ranking below the senatorial class.
Ernest Francis Bridge, AM (15 December 193631 March 2013) was an Australian parliamentarian and country music singer.
Eros Pisano (born 31 March 1987) is an Italian footballer who plays for Bristol City.
Note: For the African American civil rights activist, see Ella Baker.
Euan Michael Burton MBE (born 31 March 1979) is a Scottish judoka.
Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (26 April 1798 – 13 August 1863) was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.
Evan Clark Williams (born March 31, 1972) is a U.S. computer programmer and Internet entrepreneur who has founded several Internet companies.
Ewan Gordon McGregor (born 31 March 1971) is a Scottish actor, known internationally for his various film roles, including independent dramas, science-fiction epics, and musicals.
Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year.
Faith Yvonne Leech (31 March 1941 – 14 September 2013) was an Australian freestyle swimmer who won a gold medal in the 4×100–metre freestyle relay and bronze in the 100-metre freestyle at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne.
FallujahSometimes also transliterated as Falluja, Fallouja, or Falowja (الفلوجة, Iraqi pronunciation) is a city in the Iraqi province of Al Anbar, located roughly west of Baghdad on the Euphrates.
Flavia Maxima Fausta (289–326) was a Roman Empress, daughter of the Roman Emperor Maximianus.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
In Canada, the First Nations (Premières Nations) are the predominant indigenous peoples in Canada south of the Arctic Circle.
The Philippine Republic (República Filipina; Repúbliká ng̃ Pilipinas), more commonly known as the First Philippine Republic or the Malolos Republic, was a nascent revolutionary government in the Philippines.
François Sermon (31 March 1923 – 17 March 2013) was a Belgian footballer who played as a midfielder for Anderlecht and the Belgian national team.
Sir Francis Henry Dillon Bell (31 March 1851 – 13 March 1936) was a New Zealand lawyer and politician who served as the Prime Minister of New Zealand from 10 to 30 May 1925.
Francis I (François Ier) (12 September 1494 – 31 March 1547) was the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death.
Frank Scott Akins (March 31, 1919 – July 6, 1992) was an American football running back who played for the Washington Redskins of the National Football League (NFL).
Frank Findlay (1884 – 31 March 1945) was a New Zealand politician of the National Party.
Franklin Parsons "Frank" Perdue (May 9, 1920 – March 31, 2005), born in Salisbury, Maryland, was for many years the president and CEO of Perdue Farms, now one of the largest chicken-producing companies in the United States.
Franz Wilhelm Abt (22 December 1819 – 31 March 1885) was a German composer and choral conductor.
Frederick William Green (March 31, 1911 – March 1, 1987) was an American swing jazz guitarist who played rhythm guitar with the Count Basie Orchestra for almost fifty years.
Duke Frederick III of Austria (31 March 1347 – 10 December 1362) was the second son of Duke Albert II of Austria and a younger brother of Duke Rudolf IV.
Frederick V (Danish and Norwegian: Frederik; 31 March 172314 January 1766) was king of Denmark–Norway and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from 1746 until his death.
Frederick, Prince of Wales, KG (1 February 1707 – 31 March 1751) was heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until his death from a lung injury at the age of 44 in 1751.
Freedom Day (Jum il-Ħelsien) is a Maltese national holiday celebrated annually on 31 March.
Upper Volta (Haute-Volta) was a colony of French West Africa established on 1 March 1919, from territories that had been part of the colonies of Upper Senegal and Niger and the Côte d'Ivoire.
Gabriel Weston Kaplan (born March 31, 1945) is an American comedian, actor, poker commentator, and professional poker player.
Galusha Aaron Grow (August 31, 1823 – March 31, 1907) was a prominent American politician, lawyer, writer and businessman, and was a Pennsylvania representative and Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1861 to 1863.
Garth Tander (born 31 March 1977) is a multiple-championship winning Australian motor racing driver currently competing in the Virgin Australia Supercars Championship, driving the No.
Gary Albert Doer, (born March 31, 1948) is a former Canadian diplomat and politician from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
George Charles Haité (8 June 1855 – 31 March 1924) was an English designer, painter, illustrator and writer.
George Arinze Iloka (born March 31, 1990) is an American football safety for the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League (NFL).
George Treweek (31 March 1905 – 28 October 1991) was an Australian rugby league footballer of the 1920s and 1930s.
Prince Georges Vasili Matchabelli (გიორგი მაჩაბელი) (July 23, 1885 – March 31, 1935) was an American perfumer.
An independence referendum was held in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic on 31 March 1991.
Gilbert Thomas Clancy (May 30, 1922 – March 31, 2011) was a Hall of Fame boxing trainer and one of the most noted boxing commentators of the 1980s and 1990s.
Gilbert Baker (June 2, 1951 – March 31, 2017) was an American artist, gay rights activist, and designer of the rainbow flag (1978).
Gilles Gilbert (born March 31, 1949 in Saint-Esprit, Quebec) is a retired ice hockey goaltender who was drafted in the third round of the 1969 NHL Amateur Draft from the London Knights.
Gonzalo Anes Álvarez de Castrillón (10 December 1931 – 31 March 2014) was a Spanish economist, professor and historian.
Gonzalo Enrique Márquez Moya (March 31, 1946 – December 19, 1984) was a professional baseball first baseman.
Gonzalo Méndez de Canço (or "de Cancio") y Donlebún (c. 1554 – March 31, 1622) was a Spanish admiral who served as the seventh governor of the Spanish province of La Florida (1596-1603).
Gordon Howe (March 31, 1928 – June 10, 2016) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player.
Graeme Smith (born 31 March 1976 in Falkirk, Scotland, UK) is a former British freestyle swimmer.
Grover Cleveland "Slim" Lowdermilk (January 15, 1885 – March 31, 1968) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher with the St. Louis Cardinals, Chicago Cubs, St. Louis Browns, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox between 1909 and 1920.
Guru Angad (31 March 1504 – 29 March 1552) was the second of the ten Sikh Gurus.
Gustaaf (Staf) Van Cauter, (born 31 March 1948) is a former racing cyclist.
is a city and port located in Oshima Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan.
Halbert Lynn White Jr. (November 19, 1950 – March 31, 2012) was the Chancellor’s Associates Distinguished Professor of Economics at the University of California, San Diego, and a Fellow of the Econometric Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Han Tae-you (born March 31, 1981) is a South Korean football player who since 2004 has played for FC Seoul.
Hans Fischer (27 July 1881 – 31 March 1945) was a German organic chemist and the recipient of the 1930 Nobel Prize for Chemistry "for his researches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin.".
Hans-Dietrich Genscher (21 March 1927 – 31 March 2016) was a German statesman and a member of the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP), who served as the Minister of the Interior of West Germany from 1969 to 1974, and as the Foreign Minister and Vice Chancellor of West Germany and then the reunified Germany from 1974 to 1992 (except for a two-week break in 1982), making him the longest-serving occupant of either post.
Harold Scott MacDonald "Donald" Coxeter, FRS, FRSC, (February 9, 1907 – March 31, 2003) was a British-born Canadian geometer.
Hashim Mohamed Amla OIS (born 31 March 1983) is a South African International cricketer who plays for South Africa in all three formats of the game, widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time.
Helena Winifred Carroll (13 November 1928 – 31 March 2013) was a veteran film, television and stage actress.
Henri Joona Julius Laaksonen (Swiss Standard German:; born 31 March 1992) is a Swiss-Finnish tennis player.
Henri Marteau (March 31, 1874 – October 3, 1934) was a French violinist and composer.
Henry II (Henri II; 31 March 1519 – 10 July 1559) was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559.
Henry Taub (September 20, 1927 – March 31, 2011) was an American-born businessman and philanthropist of Hungarian-Jewish descent.
Henryk Wieniawski (10 July 1835 – 31 March 1880) was a Polish violinist and composer.
Herb Alpert (born March 31, 1935) is an American jazz musician most associated with the group variously known as Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass, Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass, or TJB.
Herbert Meinhard Mühlpfordt (31 March 1893 – 9 October 1982) was a German internist, art historian, and cultural historian.
Hermann Alexander de Pourtalès (31 March 1847 in Neuchâtel – 28 November 1904 in Geneva) was a Swiss sailor who competed in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
Howard Fletcher Frier (born March 31, 1976) is a retired American-Estonian basketball player.
Howard Gordon (born March 31, 1961) is an American television writer and producer.
Hristiyan Iliev (Християн Илиев; born 31 March 1998) is a Bulgarian footballer who currently plays as a midfielder for Kariana on loan from Montana.
Hugh Carmine McCracken (March 31, 1942 – March 28, 2013) was an American rock guitarist and session musician based in New York City, primarily known for his performance on guitar and also as a harmonica player.
Hugo Ayala Castro (born 31 March 1987) is a Mexican professional footballer who currently plays as a centre back for Tigres UANL and the national team.
Humpy Koneru (born 31 March 1987, Gudivada, Andhra Pradesh) is an Indian chess grandmaster.
Igors Sļesarčuks (born 31 March 1976) is a retired Latvian-Russian footballer.
Imre Kertész (9 November 192931 March 2016) was a Hungarian author and recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Literature, "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history".
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
International Transgender Day of Visibility is an annual event occurring on March 31 dedicated to celebrating transgender people and raising awareness of discrimination faced by transgender people worldwide.
Ioannis Tsangaridis (Ιωάννης Τσαγγαρίδης; 1887–1939) was a general of the Greek Army from Cyprus.
The Iraq War in Anbar Province, also known as the Al Anbar campaign, consisted of fighting between the United States military, together with Iraqi Government forces, and Sunni insurgents in the western Iraqi province of Al Anbar.
Isabella I (Isabel, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) reigned as Queen of Castile from 1474 until her death.
Ishbella Margaret MacAskill (née MacIver, 14 March 1941 – 31 March 2011) was a heritage activist and traditional Scottish Gaelic singer and teacher, often referred to as the "Gaelic diva".
Isidore II Xanthopoulos (Ισίδωρος Β΄ Ξανθόπουλος), (? – 31 March 1462) was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1456 to 1462.
Israel Horovitz (born March 31, 1939) is an American playwright, director, actor and co-founded of the Gloucester Stage Company in 1979.
Ivan I Daniilovich Kalita (Russian: Ива́н I Дании́лович Калита́; 1288 – 31 March 1340 or 1341Basil Dmytryshyn, Medieval Russia:A source book, 850-1700, (Academic International Press, 2000), 194.) was Grand Duke of Moscow from 1325 and Vladimir from 1332.
Ivan Mishyn (Мішин Іван Віталійович; born March 31, 1985, Odessa, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic – in present day Ukraine) is a Ukrainian rally codriver, Ukrainian rally vice-champion, European rally champion in ERC Production Cup category, and The Boar ProRacing team codriver.
John Pierpont Morgan Sr. (April 17, 1837 – March 31, 1913) was an American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation in the United States of America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
John Arthur Johnson (March 31, 1878 – June 10, 1946), nicknamed the Galveston Giant, was an American boxer who, at the height of the Jim Crow era, became the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion (1908–1915).
John Lenwood "Jackie" McLean (May 17, 1931 – March 31, 2006) was an American jazz alto saxophonist, composer, bandleader, and educator, and is one of the few musicians to be elected to the ''Down Beat'' Hall of Fame in the year of their death.
Jakob Chychrun (born March 31, 1998) is a Canadian-American professional ice hockey defenseman who is currently playing for the Arizona Coyotes of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Giacomo Micaglia (Jacobus Micalia) (March 31, 1601 – December 1, 1654) also Jakov Mikalja in Croatian, was an Italian linguist and lexicographer, of Slavic ancestry.
Jalmar Leonard Sjöberg (born March 31, 1985 in Svalöv) is an amateur Swedish Greco-Roman wrestler.
James II and VII (14 October 1633O.S. – 16 September 1701An assertion found in many sources that James II died 6 September 1701 (17 September 1701 New Style) may result from a miscalculation done by an author of anonymous "An Exact Account of the Sickness and Death of the Late King James II, as also of the Proceedings at St. Germains thereupon, 1701, in a letter from an English gentleman in France to his friend in London" (Somers Tracts, ed. 1809–1815, XI, pp. 339–342). The account reads: "And on Friday the 17th instant, about three in the afternoon, the king died, the day he always fasted in memory of our blessed Saviour's passion, the day he ever desired to die on, and the ninth hour, according to the Jewish account, when our Saviour was crucified." As 17 September 1701 New Style falls on a Saturday and the author insists that James died on Friday, "the day he ever desired to die on", an inevitable conclusion is that the author miscalculated the date, which later made it to various reference works. See "English Historical Documents 1660–1714", ed. by Andrew Browning (London and New York: Routledge, 2001), 136–138.) was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
James DeAndre Jones (born March 31, 1984) is a retired American football wide receiver.
James King (born 31 March 1986) is a Scottish rugby union player who plays for Edinburgh Rugby in the Pro14.
James Rosenquist (November 29, 1933 – March 31, 2017) was an American artist and one of the protagonists in the pop art movement.
Jani Nikanor Sievinen (born 31 March 1974 in Vihti) is a former medley swimmer from Finland, who won the silver medal in the 200 m individual medley at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia.
Jarrod Alexander Cooper (born March 31, 1978) is a former American football safety with the Oakland Raiders and Carolina Panthers.
Jérôme René Marcel Rothen (born 31 March 1978) is a French former footballer who played as a winger.
Jean Coutu (March 31, 1925 – November 1, 1999) was a Canadian actor.
Jean Moréas (born Ioannis A. Papadiamantopoulos, Ιωάννης Α. Παπαδιαμαντόπουλος; 15 April 1856 – 31 March 1910), was a Greek poet, essayist, and art critic, who wrote mostly in the French language but also in Greek during his youth.
Jean-Christophe Lafaille (31 March 1965 – 27 January 2006) was a French mountaineer noted for a number of difficult ascents in the Alps and Himalaya, and for what has been described as "perhaps the finest self-rescue ever performed in the Himalaya", when he was forced to descend the mile-high south face of Annapurna alone with a broken arm, after his climbing partner had been killed in a fall.
Jeffrey Lee Pierce (June 27, 1958 – March 31, 1996) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and author.
Gerald Thomas Lynch (July 17, 1930 – March 31, 2012), nicknamed "The Hat", was an American professional baseball outfielder and pinch hitter.
William Gerald "Jerry" Paris (July 25, 1925 – March 31, 1986) was an American actor and director best known for playing Jerry Helper, the dentist and next-door neighbor of Rob and Laura Petrie, on The Dick Van Dyke Show.
Jesper Hansen (born 31 March 1985) is a Danish footballer.
James Cleveland "Jesse" Owens (September 12, 1913March 31, 1980) was an American track and field athlete and four-time Olympic gold medalist in the 1936 Games.
James 'Bucky' Mutscheller (March 31, 1930 – April 10, 2015) was an American football player who played tight end for nine seasons for the Baltimore Colts.
Jo-Lonn D. Dunbar (born March 13, 1985) is an American football linebacker who is currently a free agent.
Joel Ryce-Menuhin (June 11, 1933 – March 31, 1998) was an American pianist, who later became a Jungian psychologist in private practice.
Johann Abraham Peter Schulz (31 March 1747, Lüneburg – 10 June 1800,Schwedt) was a German musician.
Johann Sebastian Bach (28 July 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, born in the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach.
John Caldwell Calhoun (March 18, 1782March 31, 1850) was an American statesman and political theorist from South Carolina, and the seventh Vice President of the United States from 1825 to 1832.
John Constable, (11 June 1776 – 31 March 1837) was an English landscape painter in the naturalistic tradition.
John D. Loudermilk Jr. (March 31, 1934 – September 21, 2016) was an American singer and songwriter.
John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada, serving from June 21, 1957 to April 22, 1963.
John Donne (22 January 1572 – 31 March 1631) was an English poet and cleric in the Church of England.
John Robert Fowles (31 March 1926 – 5 November 2005) was an English novelist of international stature, critically positioned between modernism and postmodernism.
John Howland Wood Jr. (March 31, 1916 – May 29, 1979) was an American lawyer and judge from Texas.
John William Jakes (born March 31, 1932) is an American writer, best known for American historical fiction.
John La Farge (March 31, 1835 – November 14, 1910) was an American painter, muralist, stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer.
Jonatan Jezus Isenia (born March 31, 1993) is a Curacaon professional baseball player from Curaçao.
Jonna Mendes (born March 31, 1979) is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from the United States.
(Franz) Joseph HaydnSee Haydn's name.
Josmil Oswaldo Pinto (born March 31, 1989) is a Venezuelan professional baseball catcher who is currently a free agent.
Judith Anne Adams (née Bird; 11 April 1943 – 31 March 2012) was a New Zealand-born Australian politician, midwife, nurse, and farmer, who served as a member of the Australian Senate between 2005 and 2012, representing the state of Western Australia.
Judith Rossner (March 31, 1935 – August 9, 2005) was an American novelist, best known for her acclaimed best sellers Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1975) and August (1983).
Julius "Jules" Dassin (December 18, 1911 – March 31, 2008) was an American film director, producer, writer and actor.
Julius Mordecai Pincas (March 31, 1885 – June 5, 1930), known as Pascin (erroneously or), Jules Pascin, or the "Prince of Montparnasse", was a Bulgarian artist known for his paintings and drawings.
Justin Braun (born March 31, 1987) is an American soccer player who currently plays for North American Soccer League club Indy Eleven.
Justiniano Solis Montano, Sr. (September 5, 1905 – March 31, 2005) was a Filipino politician who was elected for one term to the Philippine Senate and for multiple terms as a member of the House of Representatives.
K'uk' Bahlam I,The ruler's name, when transcribed is K'UK', translated "Quetzal Jaguar".
Kaie Kand (born 31 March 1984 in Orissaare) is a retired Estonian heptathlete.
Kamala Surayya (born Kamala; 31 March 1934 – 31 May 2009), popularly known by her one-time pen name Madhavikutty and Kamala Das, was an Indian English poet as well as a leading Malayalam author from Kerala, India.
Kang Youwei (Cantonese: Hōng Yáuh-wàih; 19March 185831March 1927) was a Chinese scholar, noted calligrapher and prominent political thinker and reformer of the late Qing dynasty.
Karl-Heinz Schnellinger (born 31 March 1939, in Düren) is a former German footballer who played as a defender.
Karolina Charlotte Lassbo (born 31 March 1980) is a Swedish blogger, internet personality and lawyer.
Kate Micucci (born March 31, 1980) is an American actress, voice actress, comedian, singer, songwriter and artist that is one half of the musical comedy duo Garfunkel and Oates.
Kate Spade & Company, initially known as Liz Claiborne Inc. (founded in 1976 in Manhattan), and then as Fifth & Pacific Companies until February 25, 2014, is a fashion company that designs and markets a range of women's and men's apparel, accessories and fragrance products under the Kate Spade New York and Jack Spade labels.
The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called simply Great Britain,Parliament of the Kingdom of England.
Kirill Olegovich Starkov (Russian:Кирилл Олегович Старков, born March 31, 1987), is a professional Danish ice hockey player.
Knute Kenneth Rockne (March 4, 1888 – March 31, 1931) was a Norwegian-American football player and coach at the University of Notre Dame.
Kory Gerren Sheets (born March 31, 1985) is a former American running back.
Kristian Blak (born 31 March 1947), originally from Fredericia, Denmark, lives in the Faroe Islands where he is a composer, musician, and record executive.
Sir William Lawrence Bragg, (31 March 1890 – 1 July 1971) was an Australian-born British physicist and X-ray crystallographer, discoverer (1912) of Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, which is basic for the determination of crystal structure.
William Orville Frizzell, known as Lefty Frizzell (March 31, 1928 – July 19, 1975), was an American country music singer-songwriter and honky-tonk singer.
Felice Leonardo "Leo" Buscaglia PhD (March 31, 1924 – June 12, 1998), also known as "Dr.
In United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland and United States law and business, liquidation is the process by which a company is brought to an end.
The territory which would later become the state of New York was settled by European colonists as part of the New Netherland colony (parts of present-day New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Delaware) under the command of the Dutch West India Company in the Seventeenth Century.
Kerala is a state in southern India.
This is a list of all the mayors of Marburg in Germany since 1835.
Liu Zige (born March 31, 1989 in Benxi, Liaoning) is a world record holding swimmer from China.
Anne Elisabeth Jane Claiborne (March 31, 1929 – June 26, 2007) was a Belgian-born American fashion designer and businesswoman.
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Greater Los Angeles area of Southern California.
Louis van der Westhuizen (born March 31, 1988) is a Namibian cricketer.
Louis VII (called the Younger or the Young; Louis le Jeune; 1120 – 18 September 1180) was King of the Franks from 1137 until his death.
Lowell Fulson (March 31, 1921 – March 7, 1999) was an American blues guitarist and songwriter, in the West Coast blues tradition.
Luca Gentili (born 31 March 1972) is a former Italian footballer.
Lucian Cosmin Oprea (born 31 March 1998) is a Romanian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder.
Lucille Theresa Bliss (March 31, 1916 – November 8, 2012) was an American actress and voice artist, known in the Bay Area and in Hollywood as the Girl With a Thousand Voices.
Ludwig Schüler (6 January 1836 – 31 March 1930) was a German politician and from 17 September 1884 until 20 May 1907 mayor of Marburg.
Luna 10 (E-6S series) was a 1966 Soviet Luna program, robotic spacecraft mission, also called Lunik 10.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after having served as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963.
Maarten van der Weijden (born 31 March 1981) is a Dutch long distance and marathon swimmer born in Alkmaar.
Madison Square Garden, often called "MSG" or simply "The Garden", is a multi-purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan.
Malolos, officially the City of Malolos (Lungsod ng Malolos), is a city in the Philippines.
Managua is the capital and largest city of Nicaragua, and the center of eponymous department.
March 30 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 1 All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 13 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
The March Days, or March Events, refers to inter-ethnic strife and massacres of about 12,000 Azerbaijanis and other Muslims that took place between 30 March – 2 April 1918 in the city of Baku and adjacent areas of the Baku Governorate of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
Marge Piercy (born March 31, 1936) is an American poet, novelist, and social activist.
Mariana Victoria of Spain (Mariana Vitória; 31 March 1718 – 15 January 1781) was an Infanta of Spain by birth and was later the Queen of Portugal as wife of King Joseph I. The eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese, she was engaged to the young Louis XV of France at the age of seven.
Mark Gerard Hoban (born 31 March 1964) is a British Conservative Party politician and a former Minister of State for Work and Pensions.
Markus Hediger (born 31 March 1959) is a Swiss writer and translator.
Martin Albrechtsen (born 31 March 1980) is a Danish professional football player who last played for BK Avarta in the Danish 2nd Division.
Martin Atkinson (born 31 March 1971) is an English professional football referee who officiates primarily in the Premier League and also for FIFA.
Martins Dukurs (born 31 March 1984) is a Latvian skeleton racer who has competed since 1998.
Mary Abigail Dodge (March 31, 1833 – August 17, 1896) was an American writer and essayist, who wrote under the pseudonym Gail Hamilton.
Mary Boykin Chesnut (née Miller) (March 31, 1823 – November 22, 1886), was a South Carolina author noted for a book published as her Civil War diary, a "vivid picture of a society in the throes of its life-and-death struggle."Woodward, C. Vann.
Mary Greyeyes Reid (November 14, 1920 – March 31, 2011) was a Canadian World War II servicewoman.
Massachusetts, officially known as the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.
Matias Concha (born 31 March 1980 in Malmö) is a Swedish former footballer of Chilean origin and national team player for Sweden.
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812 and the Mexican–American War (1846–48).
Matthew Jeffrey "Matty" Collins (born 31 March 1986) is a Welsh footballer who plays for Hungerford Town.
Maximian (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius Augustus; c. 250 – c. July 310) was Roman Emperor from 286 to 305.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
Michael Wayne Clark (born 31 March 1978) is an Australian cricketer and former Australian rules footballer.
Michael Glen Wayne Ryder (born March 31, 1980) is a former Canadian professional ice hockey right winger.
Michael Alan Weiner (born March 31, 1942), better known by his professional name Michael Savage, is an American radio host, author, activist, nutritionist, and conservative political commentator.
Michael Geoffrey "Mick" Ralphs (born 31 March 1944) is an English guitarist and songwriter, who was a founding member of rock bands Mott the Hoople and Bad Company.
Mikael Ishak (born 31 March 1993) is a Swedish professional footballer of Assyrian descent who plays as a striker for 1. FC Nürnberg.
Milan Milanovic (Serbian Cyrillic: Милан Милановић; born 31 March 1991) is a Serbian professional footballer, who plays as a defender.
Miller Westford Barber, Jr. (March 31, 1931 – June 11, 2013) was an American professional golfer who enjoyed significant success on the PGA Tour in the 1960s and 1970s, and a greater degree of success on the Senior PGA Tour (now the Champions Tour) in the 1980s.
was a Japanese Marshal Admiral and commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy's Combined Fleet.
Minervina was the first wife of Constantine the Great.
The Ministry of Interior (وزارت کشور) of the Islamic Republic of Iran is in charge of performing, supervising and reporting elections, policing, and other responsibilities related to an interior ministry.
Mitchell Parish (July 10, 1900 – March 31, 1993) was an American lyricist.
Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The term "Moors" refers primarily to the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, and Malta during the Middle Ages.
Moscow (a) is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17.1 million within the urban area.
The Motion Picture Production Code was the set of industry moral guidelines that was applied to most United States motion pictures released by major studios from 1930 to 1968.
Moturu Udayam (13 October 1924 in Turumella village, Guntur district – 31 March 2002 in Vijayawada) was an Indian politician and women's rights activist.
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.
Selena Quintanilla-Pérez was an American singer who achieved international fame as a member of Selena y Los Dinos and for her subsequent solo career in both Spanish and English.
Myfanwy Talog (born Myfanwy Talog Williams; 31 March 1944 – 11 March 1995) was a Welsh actress and the long-term partner of English actor David Jason.
was a Japanese film director and screenwriter.
Nathan Patrick Grey (born 31 March 1975 in Gosford) is a former Australian rugby union footballer, who played mostly at centre, sometimes flyhalf.
The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a non-profit organization which regulates athletes of 1,281 institutions and conferences.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Nejc Vidmar (born 31 March 1989 in Ljubljana) is a Slovenian football goalkeeper who plays for Olimpija Ljubljana in the Slovenian PrvaLiga.
Nelli Nailevna Zhiganshina (Нелли Наильевна Жиганшина; born 31 March 1987) is a Russian-born German ice dancer.
Netscape is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape web browser.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
Nichita Stănescu (born Nichita Hristea Stănescu) (March 31, 1933 – December 13, 1983) was a Romanian poet and essayist.
Nicholas Stanley Firestone (born March 31, 1966) is an American former race car driver.
Nigel Plum is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer.
Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (31 March 1809 – 4 March 1852) was a Russian speaking dramatist of Ukrainian origin.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
Noureddine "Nordin" Amrabat (نورالدين أمرابط; born 31 March 1987) is a Moroccan professional footballer who plays as a winger for English club Watford and the Morocco national team.
Nyamko Ana Sabuni (born 31 March 1969) is a Burundian-born Swedish former politician who served as Minister for Gender Equality in the Swedish government from 2006 to 2013.
Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican poet and diplomat.
Oddvar Ingolf Hansen (11 April 1921 – 31 March 2011) was a Norwegian footballer and coach, who represented Brann in his hometown Bergen.
Olaudah Equiano (c. 1745 – 31 March 1797), known in his lifetime as Gustavus Vassa, was a writer and abolitionist from the Igbo region of what is today southeastern Nigeria according to his memoir, or from South Carolina according to other sources.
Olímpio Mourão Filho (b. Diamantina, 9 March 1900; d. Rio de Janeiro, 28 May 1972) was a Brazilian general who actively participated in the integralist movement and in the coup d'état of 1964.
Olli Ilmari Rehn (born 31 March 1962 in Mikkeli, Finland) is a Finnish politician, a member of the Centre Party of Finland.
Omri Afek (עמרי אפק; born 31 March 1979 in Kiryat Ono) is a retired Israeli footballer who last played for Bnei Yehuda Tel Aviv.
Oskar Buur Rasmussen (born 31 March 1998) is a Danish footballer who plays as a defender for English Championship club Wolverhampton Wanderers.
Otto Jonas Lindblad (31 March 1809 – 26 January 1864), was a Swedish composer.
The Ottoman Empire (دولت عليه عثمانیه,, literally The Exalted Ottoman State; Modern Turkish: Osmanlı İmparatorluğu or Osmanlı Devleti), also historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire"The Ottoman Empire-also known in Europe as the Turkish Empire" or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.
Pa Dembo Touray, an English spelling of the name "Touré" (born March 31, 1980, in Banjul), is the goalkeeper coach of Prespa Birlik.
Palenque (Yucatec Maya: Bàakʼ /ɓàːkʼ/), also anciently known as Lakamha (literally: "Big Water"), was a Maya city state in southern Mexico that flourished in the 7th century.
Panoutsos Notaras (Πανούτσος Νοταράς; 31 March 1740 or 1752 – 18 January 1849) was a leading figure of the Greek War of Independence, serving several times as president of the Greek national assemblies and legislative bodies.
Pascal Danel (born 31 March 1944, Paris) is a French pop singer and composer.
Sir (Paul) Patrick (Gordon) Bateson, (31 March 1938 – 1 August 2017) was an English biologist and science writer.
Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Vermont, a seat he was first elected to in 1974.
Patrick George McGee (31 March 192214 August 1982), known professionally as Patrick Magee, was a Northern Irish actor and director.
Patty Fendick (born March 31, 1965) is a former professional women's tennis player and is the former women's tennis program head coach at University of Texas.
Adrian Paul Grayson (born 31 March 1971) is a former English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Yorkshire and Essex.
Paul Joseph Mercurio (born 31 March 1963) is an Australian actor, dancer, and TV presenter.
Paul Strand (October 16, 1890 – March 31, 1976) was an American photographer and filmmaker who, along with fellow modernist photographers like Alfred Stieglitz and Edward Weston, helped establish photography as an art form in the 20th century.
Paul Watzlawick (July 25, 1921 – March 31, 2007) was an Austrian-American family therapist, psychologist, communication theorist, and philosopher.
Paulo Ricardo Ribeiro de Jesus Machado (born 31 March 1986) is a Portuguese footballer who plays as a central midfielder for C.D. Aves.
Pavel Vladimirovich Bure (Па́вел Влади́мирович Буре́,; born March 31, 1971) is a retired Russian professional ice hockey player who played the right wing position.
Peggy Jane Rea (March 31, 1921 – February 5, 2011) was a Los Angeles-born American actress known for her many roles in television, often playing matronly characters.
Percy Alliss (8 January 1897 – 31 March 1975) was one of the leading English professional golfers in the 1920s and 1930s, winning many tournaments in Britain and Continental Europe.
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (13 November 1504 – 31 March 1567), nicknamed der Großmütige ("the magnanimous"), was a leading champion of the Protestant Reformation and one of the most important of the early Protestant rulers in Germany.
Philip III (Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.
Philippa of Lancaster (Filipa; 31 March 1360 – 19 July 1415) was Queen of Portugal from 1387 until 1415 by marriage to King John I. Born into the royal family of England, her marriage secured the Treaty of Windsor and produced several children who became known as the "Illustrious Generation" in Portugal.
Pieter Burman (1668 – 31 March 1741), also known as Peter or Pieter Burmann (Petrus Burmannus).
The Community Charge, commonly known as the poll tax, was a system of taxation introduced in replacement of domestic rates in Scotland from 1989, prior to its introduction in England and Wales from 1990.
The poll tax riots were a series of riots in British towns and cities during protests against the Community Charge (colloquially known as the "poll tax"), introduced by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
Pope Benedict XIV (Benedictus XIV; 31 March 1675 – 3 May 1758), born Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, served as the Pope of the Catholic Church from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758.
Pope Pius IV (31 March 1499 – 9 December 1565), born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was Pope from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565.
Pousa, son of Sólyom (Sólyom fia Pósa; died 31 March 1241) was a Hungarian nobleman, who served as voivode of Transylvania twice, in 1227 and 1235 to 1241.
The Premier of Manitoba is the first minister for the Canadian province of Manitoba.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of Colombia (Presidente de Colombia), officially known as the President of the Republic of Colombia (Presidente de la República de Colombia) is the head of state and head of government of Colombia.
The President of Dáil Éireann was the leader of the revolutionary Irish Republic of 1919–1921.
The President of Georgia (საქართველოს პრეზიდენტი, sakartvelos prezidenti) is the head of state and supreme commander-in-chief.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
The Prime Minister of New Zealand (Te Pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government of New Zealand.
There have been eight Prime Ministers of Slovenia, officially President of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia (Predsednik Vlade Republike Slovenije), since the country gained parliamentary democracy in 1989 and independence in 1991.
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, (Henry William Frederick Albert; 31 March 1900 – 10 June 1974) was the third son of King George V and Queen Mary.
Prince Matchabelli is a perfume line.
Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark and Norway (Vilhelmine Ernestine, Wilhelmine Ernestine) of Denmark (born 20 or 21 June 1650 – died 22 or 23 April 1706) was an Electress of the Palatinate.
A private military company (PMC) is a private company providing armed combat or security services.
The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.
Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors.
Pyra Labs was the company that created the Blogger service in 1999.
Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín Foulkes (12 March 1927 – 31 March 2009) was an Argentine lawyer and statesman who served as the President of Argentina from 10 December 1983 to 8 July 1989.
Raffaele "Ralph" De Palma (December 18, 1882 – March 31, 1956) was an Italian-American racecar driving champion who won the 1915 Indianapolis 500.
Red Norvo (born Kenneth Norville, March 31, 1908 – April 6, 1999) was one of jazz's early vibraphonists, known as "Mr.
Remington Rand (1927–1955) was an early American business machines manufacturer, best known originally as a typewriter manufacturer and in a later incarnation as the manufacturer of the UNIVAC line of mainframe computers.
René Descartes (Latinized: Renatus Cartesius; adjectival form: "Cartesian"; 31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650) was a French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist.
Rhea Jo Perlman (born March 31, 1948) is an American actress, best known for her role as head-waitress Carla Tortelli on the sitcom Cheers from 1982 to 1993.
Rhys Joseph Wesser (born 31 March 1979) is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who last played for the South Sydney Rabbitohs of the NRL.
Riccardo Corallo is a retired Italian footballer.
Riccardo Benay Ingram (September 10, 1966 – March 31, 2015) was a Major League Baseball player for the Detroit Tigers and the Minnesota Twins.
George Richard Chamberlain (born March 31, 1934) is an American stage and screen actor and singer, who became a teen idol in the title role of the television show Dr. Kildare (1961–1966).
Richard Paul Kiley (March 31, 1922 – March 5, 1999) was an American stage, television, and film actor.
The right of asylum (sometimes called right of political asylum, from the Ancient Greek word ἄσυλον) is an ancient juridical concept, under which a person persecuted by his own country may be protected by another sovereign authority, such as another country or church official, who in medieval times could offer sanctuary.
Rio de Janeiro (River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas.
Robert Natus (16 March 1890 – 31 March 1950) was an Estonian architect of Baltic German descent.
Robert Stevenson (31 March 1905 – 30 April 1986) was an English film writer and director.
Rocco Anthony Petrone (March 31, 1926 – August 24, 2006) was an American mechanical engineer of Italian ethnicity and U.S. Army officer who was the third director of the NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, from 1973 to 1974.
Rodney Sneijder (born 31 March 1991) is a Dutch footballer who plays for Eerste Klasse team DHSC as a midfielder.
Roger Anthony Black MBE (born 31 March 1966) is a British retired athlete.
Roger Somville (Schaerbeek, 13 November 1923 – Tervuren, 31 March 2014) was a modern Belgian painter.
The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC).
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
Ronald James Brown (born March 31, 1961) is an American former athlete and American football wide receiver, winner of the gold medal in the 4 × 100 metres relay at the 1984 Summer Olympics.
Ronald Balfour Corbett, CBE (4 December 1930 – 31 March 2016) was a Scottish stand-up comedian, actor, writer, and broadcaster, best known for his long association with Ronnie Barker in the BBC television comedy sketch show The Two Ronnies.
Roy Arne Lennart Andersson (born 31 March 1943) is a Swedish film director, best known for A Swedish Love Story (1970) and his "Living trilogy," which includes Songs from the Second Floor (2000), You, the Living (2007) and A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence (2014).
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
George Ryan Bingham (born March 31, 1981) is an Americana singer-songwriter currently based in Los Angeles, California.
Ryan Kittman Rupe (born March 31, 1975) is a former right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball.
Saint Balbina (bahl-BEE-nə), sometimes called Balbina of Rome and Balbina the Virgin is venerated as a virgin martyr and saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
Samantha Elizabeth Brown (born March 31, 1970) is an American television host, notable for her work as the host of several Travel Channel shows including Girl Meets Hawaii, Great Vacation Homes, Great Hotels, Passport to Europe, Passport to Latin America, Great Weekends, Green Getaways, Passport to China, and Samantha Brown's Asia.
San Cristóbal is the capital city of the Venezuelan state of Táchira.
Sandra Lynn Morgen (March 31, 1950 – September 29, 2016) was an American feminist anthropologist.
Sandra Roma (born 31 March 1990) is a Swedish tennis player.
Stephen "Scott" Helvenston (June 21, 1965 – March 31, 2004) was a former United States Navy SEAL.
The Second Crusade (1147–1149) was the second major crusade launched from Europe.
Selena Quintanilla-Pérez (April 16, 1971 – March 31, 1995) was an American singer, songwriter, spokesperson, model, actress, and fashion designer.
Semyon Konstantinovich Timoshenko (Семён Константи́нович Тимоше́нко, Semën Konstantinovič Timošenko; Семе́н Костянти́нович Тимоше́нко, Semen Kostiantynovych Tymoshenko) (– 31 March 1970) was a Soviet military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (sʲɪˈrɡʲej ˈpavɫovʲɪtɕ ˈdʲæɡʲɪlʲɪf; 19 August 1929), usually referred to outside Russia as Serge Diaghilev, was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes, from which many famous dancers and choreographers would arise.
A sermon is an oration, lecture, or talk by a member of a religious institution or clergy.
The Shadow Leader of the House of Commons is a member of the Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet responsible for working with the Leader of the House in arranging Commons business and holding the Government to account in its overall management of the House.
Sheila Dikshit (née Kapoor; occasionally anglicised Dixit; born 31 March 1938) is an Indian politician who was the longest serving Chief Minister of Delhi, serving for a period of 15 years from 1998 to 2013.
is a city and port located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.
, usually cited as Sin-Itiro Tomonaga in English, was a Japanese physicist, influential in the development of quantum electrodynamics, work for which he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965 along with Richard Feynman and Julian Schwinger.
Shirley Mae Jones (born March 31, 1934) is an American actress and singer.
was a Japanese sergeant in the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) during the Second World War.
The of March 31, 1913, was a concert of the (Vienna Concert Society) conducted by Arnold Schoenberg in the Great Hall of the Musikverein.
Sophie Hunger (born Émilie Jeanne-Sophie Welti on 31 March 1983) is a Swiss singer-songwriter, film composer, multi-instrumentalist (guitar, blues harp, piano) and bandleader, living currently in Berlin.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A space probe is a robotic spacecraft that does not orbit the Earth, but, instead, explores further into outer space.
Spanish and Portuguese Jews, also called Western Sephardim, are a distinctive sub-group of Iberian Jews who are largely descended from Jews who lived as New Christians in the Iberian Peninsula during the immediate generations following the forced expulsion of unconverted Jews from Spain in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497.
The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the United States House of Representatives.
The term stained glass can refer to coloured glass as a material or to works created from it.
Stanley Joel Korsmeyer (8 June 1950 – 31 March 2005) was an American oncologist.
Stefan Alexander Bo Olsdal (born 31 March 1974) is the bassist/guitarist of the alternative rock band Placebo and is part of the electronic band Digital 21 + Stefan Olsdal.
Stephen Neal Clemence (born 31 March 1978) is an English former football midfielder who made nearly 250 appearances in the Premier League and English Football League.
Steve Bernier (born March 31, 1985) is a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger currently playing for the Bridgeport Sound Tigers in the American Hockey League (AHL) while under contract to the New York Islanders of the National Hockey League (NHL).
Steven Delano Smith (born March 31, 1969) is an American retired basketball player who is currently a basketball analyst for Turner Sports.
Steven T. Seagle (born March 31, 1965) is an American writer who works in the comic book, television, film, live theater, video game, and animation, industries.
Stijn de Looijer (born 31 March 1992) is a footballer who plays as a midfielder for JVC Cuijk in the Dutch Topklasse.
Svetozar Marović (Светозар Маровић; born 31 March 1955) is a Montenegrin lawyer and politician.
Tal Ben Haim (or Tal Ben Haim I, טל בן-חיים; born 31 March 1982) is an Israeli footballer who currently plays at Maccabi Tel Aviv.
Tamara Andreevna Tyshkevich (Тамара Андрэеўна Тышкевіч, Тамара Андреевна Тышкевич; 31 March 1931 – 27 December 1997) was a Soviet shot putter.
TAROM Flight 371 (RO371/ROT371) was a scheduled international passenger flight, flying with an Airbus A310 from Otopeni International Airport in Romania's capital Bucharest to Brussels Airport in Brussels, Belgium.
Tõnno Lepmets (March 31, 1938 in Tallinn, Estonia – June 26, 2005) was an Estonian professional basketball player, who competed for the Soviet Union.
Ted Post (March 31, 1918 – August 20, 2013) was an American director of film and television.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thomas Chatelle (born 31 March 1981 in Jette, Brussels) is a retired Belgian footballer, who last played for Mons.
Thomas De Corte (born 31 March 1988) is a Belgian professional footballer who formerly played for Lierse and AGOVV Apeldoorn.
Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan (March 31, 1794 – July 9, 1852) was a 19th-century politician and lawyer who served briefly as United States Secretary of the Interior under President Millard Fillmore.
Thomas Mundy Peterson (October 6, 1824 – February 4, 1904) of Perth Amboy, New Jersey was the first African-American to vote in an election under the just-enacted provisions of the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Julius Timothy "Tim" Flock (May 11, 1924 – March 31, 1998) was an American stock car racer.
Titus Pomponius Atticus (– 31 March 32 BC; also known as Quintus Caecilius Pomponianus) is best known for his correspondence and close friendship with prominent Roman statesman Marcus Tullius Cicero.
The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the and the, was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1600 and 1868.
Thomas Patrick Barrasso (born March 31, 1965) is an American professional ice hockey coach and former player.
Thomas Henry Bolt (March 31, 1916 – August 30, 2008) was an American professional golfer.
Tommy Seebach (14 September 1949 – 31 March 2003), born Tommy Seebach Mortensen in Copenhagen, Denmark, was a popular Danish singer, composer, organist, pianist and producer.
Anthony "Tony" Barrell (7 May 1940 – 31 March 2011) was an English writer and broadcaster who lived in Sydney, Australia.
Toshiya (born March 31, 1977, in Nagano) is a Japanese musician, best known as the bassist of the metal band Dir En Grey.
Transfer Day is a holiday celebrated in the U.S. Virgin Islands on March 31.
The Treaty of Federation (Федеративный договор) was a treaty signed on 31 March 1992 in Moscow between the Russian government and 18 of the 20 autonomous republics of Russia.
The turbojet is an airbreathing jet engine, typically used in aircraft.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
Tyler Wright (born April 6, 1973) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player.
Ulla Hoffmann (born 31 March 1942, Solna, Uppland) is a Swedish Left Party (Vänsterpartiet)) politician.
Unified Democratic Party (in French: Parti Démocratique Unifié), was, despite its name, not a political party but an electoral alliance of two parties, the Voltaic Democratic Party (PDV-RDA) and the Social Party for the Emancipation of the African Masses (PSEMA), ahead of the 1958 territorial assembly elections in Upper Volta.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census, as defined in Title) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The United States Virgin Islands (USVI; also called the American Virgin Islands), officially the Virgin Islands of the United States, is a group of islands in the Caribbean that is an insular area of the United States located east of Puerto Rico.
The UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was the first commercial computer produced in the United States.
The University of Notre Dame du Lac (or simply Notre Dame or ND) is a private, non-profit Catholic research university in the community of Notre Dame, Indiana, near the city of South Bend, in the United States.
Territorial Assembly elections were held in French Upper Volta on 31 March 1957.
Valeria Gorlats (born 31 March 1998) is an Estonian tennis player of Russian descent.
Vardis Alvero Fisher (March 31, 1895 – July 9, 1968) was an American writer best known for his popular historical novels of the Old West.
Vézelay is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Victor Varconi (born Mihály Várkonyi, 31 March 1891 – 6 June 1976) was a highly successful silent film star in Hungary.
Vladimír Holan (September 16, 1905 – March 31, 1980) was a Czech poet famous for employing obscure language, dark topics and pessimist views in his poems.
Major General Vladimir Sergeyevich Ilyushin (Владимир Серге́евич Ильюшин) (March 31, 1927, Moscow – March 1, 2010) was a Soviet general and noted test pilot, and the son of aerospace engineer Sergei Ilyushin.
Vlasis Maras (Βλάσης Μάρας, born March 31, 1983) is a Greek gymnast.
The Voivode of Transylvania (Vojwode von Siebenbürgen;Fallenbüchl 1988, p. 77. erdélyi vajda;Zsoldos 2011, p. 36. voivoda Transsylvaniae; voievodul Transilvaniei) was the highest-ranking official in Transylvania within the Kingdom of Hungary from the 12th century to the 16th century.
Vojislava Lukić (Војислава Лукић,; born 31 March 1987) is a professional Serbian tennis player.
Volker Schlöndorff (born 31 March 1939) is a German filmmaker who has worked in Germany, France and the United States.
Voltaic Democratic Movement (in French: Mouvement Démocratique Voltaïque) was a political party in Upper Volta, led by Gérard Kango Ouédraogo.
Walker David Miller (March 31, 1939 – March 24, 2013) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Colorado.
Wallace Humphrey White Jr. (August 6, 1877March 31, 1952) was an American politician and Republican leader in United States Congress from 1916 until 1949.
Walter Edward Williams (born March 31, 1936) is an American economist, commentator, and academic.
Wendy Overton (born March 31, 1947) is an American former professional tennis player active in the 1970s.
William David Daniels (born March 31, 1927) is an American actor, known for his roles as Dr.
William Julius Lederer, Jr. (March 31, 1912 – December 5, 2009) was an American author and naval officer.
Sir William McMahon, (23 February 190831 March 1988), was an Australian politician who served as the 20th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1971 to 1972 as leader of the Liberal Party.
William West McNamara (born March 31, 1965) is an American film and television actor.
William of Modena (– 31 March 1251), also known as William of Sabina, Guglielmo de Chartreaux, Guglielmo de Savoy, Guillelmus, was an Italian clergyman and papal diplomat.
Winston Venable (born March 31, 1987) is a retired Canadian football linebacker.
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union (USSR) and Finland.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
WrestleMania is a professional wrestling event produced annually between mid-March to early April by WWE, an American professional wrestling promotion based in Stamford, Connecticut.
Wyndham Halswelle (30 May 1882 – 31 March 1915) was a British athlete.
Yegor (Egor) Ivanovich Zolotarev (Его́р Ива́нович Золотарёв) (March 31, 1847, Saint Petersburg – July 19, 1878, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian mathematician.
Yehuda Nir (March 31, 1930 – July 19, 2014) was a Polish-born American Holocaust survivor, psychiatrist and author of The Lost Childhood.
Yolanda Saldívar (born September 19, 1960) is a former nurse and fan club president who was convicted of the murder of Tejano singer, Selena Quintanilla-Pérez on March 31, 1995, in Corpus Christi, Texas.
Yuriy Valentinovich Knorozov (alternatively Knorosov; Ю́рий Валенти́нович Кноро́зов; November 19, 1922 – March 31, 1999) was a Soviet linguist epigrapher and ethnographer, who is particularly renowned for the pivotal role his research played in the decipherment of the Maya script, the writing system used by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization of Mesoamerica.
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid (زها حديد Zahā Ḥadīd; 31 October 1950 – 31 March 2016) was an Iraqi-British architect.
Zviad Gamsakhurdia (ზვიად გამსახურდია, tr. Zviad K'onst'ant'ines dze Gamsakhurdia; Звиа́д Константи́нович Гамсаху́рдия, tr. Zviad Konstantinovich Gamsakhurdiya; March 31, 1939 – December 31, 1993) was a Georgian politician, dissident, scholar, and writer who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in the post-Soviet era.
Year 1146 (MCXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1241 (MCCXLI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1251 (MCCLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1340 (MCCCXL) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1342 (MCCCXLII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
Year 1360 (MCCCLX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1462 (MCDLXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1491 (MCDXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1492 (MCDXCII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1499 (MCDXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The 14th Dalai Lama (religious name: Tenzin Gyatso, shortened from Jetsun Jamphel Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenzin Gyatso; born Lhamo Thondup, 6 July 1935) is the current Dalai Lama.
Year 1504 (MDIV) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1519 (MDXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1536 (MDXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1547 (MDXLVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1561 (MDLXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1567 (MDLXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
January 1 of this year (1601-01-01) is used as the base of file dates and of Active Directory Logon dates by Microsoft Windows.
In Britain and its colonies, 1751 only had 282 days due to the Calendar Act of 1750.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 17), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 13 days until February 28 (O.S. February 15), 2100.
As the second year of the massive Russo-Japanese War began, more than 100,000 died in the largest world battles of that era, and the war chaos lead to a revolution against the Tsar (Shostakovich's 11th Symphony is subtitled The Year 1905 to commemorate this).
According to NASA reports, 1908 was the coldest recorded year since 1880.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
Below, the events of the First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
This year was famous for the October Revolution in Russia, by Vladimir Lenin.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
The 1931 Nicaragua earthquake devastated Nicaragua's capital city Managua on 31 March.
On March 31, 1931, a Fokker F-10 belonging to Transcontinental and Western Air crashed near Bazaar, Kansas after taking off from Kansas City Municipal Airport, Kansas City, Missouri.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
The 1964 Brazilian coup d'état (Golpe de estado no Brasil em 1964 or, more colloquially, Golpe de 64) was a series of events in Brazil from March 31 to April 1 that led to the overthrow of President João Goulart by members of the Brazilian Armed Forces, supported by the United States government.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2003 was designated the.
2004 was designated as.
The 2004 Fallujah ambush occurred on March 31, 2004, when Iraqi insurgents attacked a convoy containing four American contractors from the private military company Blackwater USA who were conducting a delivery for food caterers ESS.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2008 was designated as.
2009 was designated as.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
Year 250 (CCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 307 (CCCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 32 BC was either a common year starting on Monday or Tuesday or a leap year starting on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Monday of the Proleptic Julian calendar.
Year 397 (CCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 528 (DXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 822 (DCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 963 (CMLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.