132 relations: Acapulco, Agrigan, Agrihan, Aguigan, Air raids on Japan, Alamagan, Anatahan, Apolinario Mabini, Apostolic Prefecture of Mariana Islands, Archipelago, Asuncion Island, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Attack on Pearl Harbor, Battle of Guam (1941), Battle of Guam (1944), Battle of Saipan, Battle of Tinian, Bockscar, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Bombing of Kobe in World War II, Bombing of Nagoya in World War II, Bombing of Osaka, Bombing of Tokyo, Capital (architecture), Caroline Islands, Cassava, Chamorro people, China, Coconut, Cocos Island (Guam), Colony, Commonwealth (U.S. insular area), Crozet Islands, Cryptogam, Dededo, Economy, Empire of Japan, Enola Gay, Europe, Farallon de Medinilla, Farallon de Pajaros, Ferdinand Magellan, Filipinos, Geology, George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, German Empire, German gold mark, German New Guinea, German–Spanish Treaty (1899), Governor-General of the Philippines, ..., Guam, Guguan, Hiroshima, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy, Infection, Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc, Japan, Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands, John Byron, Kelaguen, Kingdom of Portugal, Lateen, Latte stone, League of Nations, Lists of islands, Mainland Japan, Manila, Manila galleon, Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, Mariana of Austria, Mariana Plate, Mariana Trench, Maug Islands, Mestizo, Mexico, Micronesia, Mountain range, Nagasaki, New Spain, North Field (Tinian), Northern Islands Municipality, Northern Mariana Islands, Oceania, Pacific Ocean, Pacific Plate, Pagan (island), Palau, Pedro Paterno, Philip IV of Spain, Philippine Sea, Philippine–American War, Philippines, Rota (island), Saipan, Samuel Wallis, Sarigan, Serpentinite, South Korea, South Pacific Mandate, Spanish East Indies, Spanish Empire, Spanish–American War, Strategic bombing, Structural geology, Subduction, Sugarcane, Tinian, Tinian Municipality, Trade winds, Treaty of Versailles, Triple Entente, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Tumon, Umatac, Guam, United Nations Security Council Resolution 21, United Nations Security Council Resolution 683, United States, United States Armed Forces, United States Army Air Forces, United States territory, Urn, World War I, World War II, Zealandia Bank, 12th parallel north, 13th parallel north, 144th meridian east, 145th meridian east, 146th meridian east, 1872 Cavite mutiny, 21st parallel north. Expand index (82 more) » « Shrink index
Acapulco de Juárez, commonly called Acapulco, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, south of Mexico City.
Agrigan is a small island off the southern coast of the island of Guam.
Agrihan (also spelled Agrigan) is an island in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Aguigan (also known as Aguihan, based on the Spanish rendition of the native name, "Aguijan", which is still often used as well) is a small bean-shaped coralline island in the Northern Mariana Islands chain in the Pacific Ocean.
Allied forces conducted many air raids on Japan during World War II, causing extensive destruction to the country's cities and killing between 241,000 and 900,000 people.
Alamagan is an island in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Anatahan is an island in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean, and has one of the most active volcanoes of the archipelago.
Apolinario Mabini y Maranan (July 23, 1864 - May 13, 1903) was a Filipino revolutionary leader, educator, lawyer, and statesman who served first as a legal and constitutional adviser to the Revolutionary Government, and then as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines upon the establishment of the First Philippine Republic.
The Apostolic Prefecture of Mariana Islands was a Roman Catholic apostolic prefecture (early missionary stage of a diocese) in Micronesia, in the South Sea.
An archipelago, sometimes called an island group or island chain, is a chain, cluster or collection of islands, or sometimes a sea containing a small number of scattered islands.
Asuncion (or Ascuncion) (from Spanish meaning "assumption") is the third northernmost island in the Northern Mariana Islands chain in the Pacific Ocean.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
The First Battle of Guam was an engagement during the Pacific War in World War II, and took place from 8 December to 10 December 1941 on Guam in the Mariana Islands between Japan and the United States.
The Second Battle of Guam (21 July – 10 August 1944) was the American recapture of the Japanese-held island of Guam, a U.S. territory in the Mariana Islands captured by the Japanese from the U.S. in the 1941 First Battle of Guam during the Pacific campaign of World War II.
The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Saipan in the Mariana Islands from 15 June to 9 July 1944.
The Battle of Tinian was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on the island of Tinian in the Mariana Islands from 24 July until 1 August 1944.
Bockscar, sometimes called Bock's Car, is the name of the United States Army Air Forces B-29 bomber that dropped a Fat Man nuclear weapon over the Japanese city of Nagasaki during World War II in the second – and last – nuclear attack in history.
The Boeing B-29 Superfortress is a four-engine propeller-driven heavy bomber designed by Boeing, which was flown primarily by the United States during World War II and the Korean War.
The bombing of Kobe in World War II on March 16 and 17, 1945 was part of the strategic bombing campaign waged by the United States of America against military and civilian targets and population centers during the Japan home islands campaign in the closing stages of World War II.
The Bombing of Nagoya in World War II by the United States Army Air Forces took place as part of the air raids on Japan during the closing months of the war.
The bombing of Osaka during World War II first took place from the middle of the night on February 26, 1945, to the early morning of the next day.
The often refers to a series of firebombing air raids by the United States Army Air Forces during the Pacific campaigns of World War II.
In architecture the capital (from the Latin caput, or "head") or chapiter forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster).
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.
Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, mandioca and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae.
The Chamorro people (/tʃɑˈmɔroʊ/) are the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands; politically divided between the United States territory of Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the family Arecaceae (palm family) and the only species of the genus Cocos.
Cocos Island (Islan Dåno) is an island off the southern tip of the United States territory of Guam, located within the Merizo Barrier Reef, part of the municipality of Merizo.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is a type of organized but unincorporated dependent territory.
The Crozet Islands (Îles Crozet; or, officially, Archipel Crozet) are a sub-antarctic archipelago of small islands in the southern Indian Ocean.
A cryptogam (scientific name Cryptogamae) is a plant (in the wide sense of the word) that reproduces by spores, without flowers or seeds.
Dededo (Dedidu) is the most populated village in the United States territory of Guam.
An economy (from Greek οίκος – "household" and νέμoμαι – "manage") is an area of the production, distribution, or trade, and consumption of goods and services by different agents.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The Enola Gay is a Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber, named after Enola Gay Tibbets, the mother of the pilot, Colonel Paul Tibbets, who selected the aircraft while it was still on the assembly line.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Farallon de Medinilla is an uninhabited small island in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Farallón de Pájaros (from Spanish Farallón de los pájaros, meaning "Birds' Rock"), also known as Urracas (from Spanish Urracas, meaning "Magpies"), is a small (2.3 km2) uninhabited volcanic island, the northernmost island in the Northern Mariana Islands chain.
Ferdinand Magellan (or; Fernão de Magalhães,; Fernando de Magallanes,; c. 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer who organised the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastián Elcano.
Filipinos (Mga Pilipino) are the people who are native to, or identified with the country of the Philippines.
Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, gē, i.e. "earth" and -λoγία, -logia, i.e. "study of, discourse") is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time.
Admiral of the Fleet George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, (23 April 1697 – 6 June 1762), was a Royal Navy officer.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
The Goldmark (officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) was the currency used in the German Empire from 1873 to 1914.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
The German–Spanish Treaty of 1899, (Tratado germano-español de 1899; Deutsch-Spanischer Vertrag 1899) signed by the German Empire and the Kingdom of Spain, involved Spain selling the vast majority of its remaining Pacific Ocean islands to Germany for 25 million pesetas (equivalent to 17 million Marks).
The Governor-General of the Philippines (Spanish: Gobernador-General de Filipinas; Filipino: Gobernador-Heneral ng Pilipinas; Japanese) was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines, governed mainly by Spain (1565–1898) and the United States (1898–1946), and briefly by Great Britain (1762–1764) and Japan (1942–1945).
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån) is an unincorporated and organized territory of the United States in Micronesia in the western Pacific Ocean.
Guguan is an island in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture and the largest city in the Chūgoku region of western Honshu - the largest island of Japan.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
The Izu-Bonin-Mariana (IBM) arc system is a tectonic-plate convergent boundary.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
During World War II, a series of Japanese air attacks on the Mariana Islands took place between November 1944 and January 1945.
Vice-Admiral The Hon.
Kelaguen is a Chamorro dish from the Mariana Islands eaten as a side dish or as a main course.
The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.
A lateen (from French latine, meaning "Latin") or latin-rig is a triangular sail set on a long yard mounted at an angle on the mast, and running in a fore-and-aft direction.
A latte stone, or simply latte (also latde or latti), is a pillar (Chamorro language: haligi) capped by a hemispherical stone capital (tasa) with the flat side facing up.
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
This is a list of lists of islands in the world grouped by oceans, by continents, and by other classifications.
is a term to distinguish the area of Japan from its outlying territories.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The Manila Galleons (Galeón de Manila; Kalakalang Galyon ng Maynila at Acapulco) were Spanish trading ships which for two and a half centuries linked the Philippines with Mexico across the Pacific Ocean, making one or two round-trip voyages per year between the ports of Acapulco and Manila, which were both part of New Spain.
The Mariana and Palau Islands campaign, also known as Operation Forager, was an offensive launched by United States forces against Imperial Japanese forces in the Mariana Islands and Palau in the Pacific Ocean between June and November, 1944 during the Pacific War.
Mariana of Austria or Maria Anna was Queen of Spain from 1649 until her husband Philip IV died in 1665.
The Mariana Plate is a micro tectonic plate located west of the Mariana Trench which forms the basement of the Mariana Islands which form part of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc.
The Mariana Trench or Marianas Trench is the deepest part of the world's oceans.
Maug (from the Chamorro name for the islands, Ma'ok, meaning "steadfast" or "everlasting") consists of a group of three small uninhabited islands.
Mestizo is a term traditionally used in Spain, Latin America, and the Philippines that originally referred a person of combined European and Native American descent, regardless of where the person was born.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
Micronesia ((); from μικρός mikrós "small" and νῆσος nêsos "island") is a subregion of Oceania, composed of thousands of small islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
() is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
The Viceroyalty of New Spain (Virreinato de la Nueva España) was an integral territorial entity of the Spanish Empire, established by Habsburg Spain during the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
North Field is a former World War II airfield on Tinian in the Mariana Islands.
Northern Islands Municipality is one of the four main political divisions of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Refaluwasch or Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an insular area and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 15 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
Oceania is a geographic region comprising Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia and Australasia.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean.
Pagan is a volcanic island in the Mariana Islands archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, belonging to the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Palau (historically Belau, Palaos, or Pelew), officially the Republic of Palau (Beluu er a Belau), is an island country located in the western Pacific Ocean.
Pedro Alejandro Paterno y de Vera Ignacio,García Castellón, Manuel.
Philip IV of Spain (Felipe IV; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665) was King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Filipe III).
The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea east and northeast of the Philippines occupying an estimated surface area of.
The Philippine–American War (also referred to as the Filipino-American War, the Philippine War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Tagalog Insurgency; Filipino: Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano; Spanish: Guerra Filipino-Estadounidense) was an armed conflict between the First Philippine Republic and the United States that lasted from February 4, 1899, to July 2, 1902.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Rota (Chamorro: Luta) also known as the "Friendly Island", is the southernmost island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) and the second southernmost of the Marianas Archipelago.
Saipan (formerly in Spanish: Saipán) is the largest island of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the United States in the western Pacific Ocean.
Samuel Wallis (23 April 1728 – 21 January 1795 in London) was a British naval officer and explorer of the Pacific Ocean.
Sarigan is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean.
Serpentinite is a rock composed of one or more serpentine group minerals, the name originating from the similarity of the texture of the rock to that of the skin of a snake.
South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (대한민국; Hanja: 大韓民國; Daehan Minguk,; lit. "The Great Country of the Han People"), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying east to the Asian mainland.
The South Pacific Mandate was a League of Nations mandate given to the Empire of Japan by the League of Nations following World War I. The South Pacific Mandate consisted of islands in the north Pacific Ocean that had been part of German New Guinea within the German colonial empire until they were occupied by Japan during World War I. Japan governed the islands under the mandate as part of the Japanese colonial empire until World War II, when the United States captured the islands.
The Spanish East Indies (Spanish: Indias orientales españolas; Filipino: Silangang Indiyas ng Espanya) were the Spanish territories in Asia-Pacific from 1565 until 1899.
The Spanish Empire (Imperio Español; Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Monarquía Católica) was one of the largest empires in history.
The Spanish–American War (Guerra hispano-americana or Guerra hispano-estadounidense; Digmaang Espanyol-Amerikano) was fought between the United States and Spain in 1898.
Strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its morale or its economic ability to produce and transport materiel to the theatres of military operations, or both.
Structural geology is the study of the three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories.
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced or sinks due to gravity into the mantle.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Tinian Municipality is one of the four constituent municipalities of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The trade winds are the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
The Triple Entente (from French entente "friendship, understanding, agreement") refers to the understanding linking the Russian Empire, the French Third Republic, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente on 31 August 1907.
The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) was a United Nations trust territory in Micronesia (western Pacific) administered by the United States from 1947 to 1986.
Tumon (Tomhom) is a district located along the northwest coast of the United States unincorporated territory of Guam.
Umatac (Humåtak), formerly called Umata, is a village on the southwestern coast of the United States territory of Guam.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 21, adopted unanimously at the 124 meeting of the Security Council on April 2, 1947, placed the former German Pacific Islands north of the Equator, which were formerly mandated to Japan by the League of Nations, under the Trusteeship System.
United Nations Security Council resolution 683, adopted on 22 December 1990, after recalling Resolution 21 (1947) which approved the Trusteeship Territory of the Japanese Mandated Islands (since known as the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands) as well as Chapter XII of the United Nations Charter which established the United Nations Trusteeship system, the Council determined that, in the light of entry into force of new status agreements for Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands, the objectives of the Trusteeship Agreement had been completed and therefore ended the Trusteeship Agreement with those entities.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Armed Forces are the military forces of the United States of America.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
United States territory is any extent of region under the sovereign jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters (around islands or continental tracts) and all U.S. naval vessels.
An urn is a vase, often with a cover, that usually has a somewhat narrowed neck above a rounded body and a footed pedestal.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Zealandia Bank, also known as Farallon de Torres or Piedras de Torres in Spanish, or Papaungan in Chamorro, consists of two rocky pinnacles about 1.5 kilometers apart, in the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
The 12th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 12 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The 13th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 13 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
The meridian 144° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 145° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The meridian 146° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Australasia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.
The Cavite mutiny of 1872 was an uprising of Filipino military personnel of Fort San Felipe, the Spanish arsenal in Cavite, Philippine Islands (then also known as part of the Spanish East Indies) on January 20, 1872.
The 21st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 21 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane.
Islas de las Velas Latinas, Islas de los Ladrones, Ladrone Islands, Maranhas Marianas, Mariana Island, Mariana Islander, Mariana Islands (US), Marianas, Marianas Island, Marianas Islands, Marianas archipelago, Marianen Inseln, Marianne Islands, The Marianas.