250 relations: Académie Nationale de Médecine, Actonian Prize, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Agnosticism, Albert Einstein, Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts), Allegory, American Institute of Physics, American Philosophical Society, André-Louis Debierne, Animated Hero Classics, Aplastic anemia, Atheism, Atom, Austrian Empire, Autodidacticism, Ève Curie, École normale supérieure (Paris), Édouard Branly, Émile Henriot (chemist), Óscar Moreno, Bank of France, Banknote, Barbara Goldsmith, Barium, BBC, Benjamin Franklin Medal (American Philosophical Society), Bismuth, Bronisława Dłuska, Camille Marbo, Cataract, Cavendish Laboratory, Century, Charity Commission for England and Wales, Chemical element, Chemist, Chemistry, Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights, Congress Poland, Crystallization, Cuprosklodowskite, Curie, Curie Institute (Paris), Curie Institute, Warsaw, Curite, Curium, Danbury, Connecticut, Davy Medal, Depression (mood), Dmitri Mendeleev, ..., Doctor of Philosophy, Dreyfus affair, Electrometer, Elliott Cresson Medal, Encyclopedia Americana, English Pronouncing Dictionary, Ernest Rutherford, ESPCI Paris, European Union, Facade, Field hospital, Flying University, Françoise Giroud, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, French Academy of Sciences, French Army, French franc, French Third Republic, Gabriel Lippmann, Gale (publisher), Garret, Gösta Mittag-Leffler, Genius (U.S. TV series), Gerhard Carl Schmidt, German Empire, Google, Google Doodle, Governess, Greer Garson, Grolier, Guglielmo Marconi, Guinea, Gwiazda Polarna, Gymnasium (school), Half-life, Hamburg, Haute-Savoie, Henri Becquerel, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Hertha Ayrton, Horse-drawn vehicle, Hypothesis, Ignacy Mościcki, Institute for Radium Research, Vienna, International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Ionizing radiation, Iota Sigma Pi, Irène Joliot-Curie, Isabelle Huppert, Isotope, Jagiellonian University, January Uprising, Józef Boguski, Józef Wierusz-Kowalski, Jean-Martin Charcot, Jozef Mazur, Kazimierz Żorawski, Kazimierz Dłuski, KLM, Kraków, Krakowskie Przedmieście, L. Pearce Williams, Latin, Latin Quarter, Paris, Lauren Redniss, Lawrence Aronovitch, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, League of Nations, Legion of Honour, Les Palmes de M. Schutz, Lise Meitner, List of female Nobel laureates, List of minor planets: 6001–7000, Louis Pasteur, Lublin, Lviv Polytechnic, Lydia Davis, Madame Curie (film), Magnetism, Mali, Marguerite Perey, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Maria reactor, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Bridge, Warsaw, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Medallion, Maria Skłodowska-Curie Museum, Marie "Blanche" Wittmann, Marie Curie (charity), Marie Curie Gargoyle, Marie Mattingly Meloney, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, Matteucci Medal, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, McDonnell Douglas MD-11, Mediumship, Molecule, Monument to the X-ray and Radium Martyrs of All Nations, Musée Curie, Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, Museum of Industry and Agriculture, National identity, Nazi Germany, Neoplasm, Neurology, New Scientist, New York Academy of Sciences, Nickname, Nobel Prize, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Physics, Otto Hahn, Panthéon, Partitions of Poland, Passy, Haute-Savoie, Pasteur Institute, Patent, Paul Langevin, Per Olov Enquist, Phosphorescence, Physicist, Physics, Pierre and Marie Curie University, Pierre Curie, Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris Métro), Pierre Paul Émile Roux, Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Poles, Poles in France, Polish Biographical Dictionary, Polish language, Polish złoty, Polonium, Popular culture, Positivism in Poland, Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Radioactive contamination, Radioactive decay, Radiography, Radioluminescence, Radium, Radium chloride, Radon, Rector (academia), Rosalind Franklin, Royal Institution, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Rue Dauphine, Russian Empire, Saint Petersburg, San Diego, Sanatorium, Sancellemoz, Séance, Sceaux, Hauts-de-Seine, Scientific priority, Seine (department), Sexism in academia, Silvanus P. Thompson, Sklodowskite, Société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale, Spiritualism, Stefan Meyer (physicist), Stockholm, Szczuki, Masovian Voivodeship, Tadeusz Estreicher, The Guardian, The New York Times, Thorium, Togo, Torbernite, Treatise on Radioactivity, Tuberculosis, Typhus, United Nations, University at Buffalo, University of Geneva, University of Paris, Uraninite, Uranium, Vistula, Walter Pidgeon, War bond, Warren G. Harding, Warsaw, Warsaw New Town, Warsaw Old Town, Warsaw Scientific Society, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw Uprising, Wilhelm Röntgen, Willard Gibbs Award, Wireless telegraphy, Women in chemistry, World War I, World War II, X-ray, Xenophobia, Zambia. Expand index (200 more) » « Shrink index
Situated at 16 rue Bonaparte in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, the Académie nationale de médecine (National Academy of Medicine) was created in 1820 by king Louis XVIII at the urging of baron Antoine Portal.
The Actonian Prize was established by the Royal Institution as a septennial award for the "person who in the judgement of the committee of managers for the time being of the Institution, should have been the author of the best essay illustrative of the wisdom and beneficence of the Almighty, in such department of science as the committee of managers should, in their discretion, have selected".
Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Uniwersytet im., Polish abbreviation UAM) is one of the major Polish universities, located in the city of Poznań, Greater Poland, in the west of the country.
Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).
The Albert Medal of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA) was instituted in 1864 as a memorial to Prince Albert, who had been President of the Society for 18 years.
As a literary device, an allegory is a metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
The American Institute of Physics (AIP) promotes science, the profession of physics, publishes physics journals, and produces publications for scientific and engineering societies.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
André-Louis Debierne (14 July 1874 – 31 August 1949) was a French chemist and is considered the discoverer of the element actinium.
Animated Hero Classics is an educational Animated television series of programs co-produced by Nest Family Entertainment, Living History Productions, Warner-Nest Animation and Crest Animation Productions.
Aplastic anaemia is a rare disease in which the bone marrow and the hematopoietic stem cells that reside there are damaged.
Atheism is, in the broadest sense, the absence of belief in the existence of deities.
An atom is the smallest constituent unit of ordinary matter that has the properties of a chemical element.
The Austrian Empire (Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling Kaisertum Österreich) was a Central European multinational great power from 1804 to 1919, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs.
Autodidacticism (also autodidactism) or self-education (also self-learning and self-teaching) is education without the guidance of masters (such as teachers and professors) or institutions (such as schools).
Ève Denise Curie Labouisse (December 6, 1904 – October 22, 2007) was a French and American writer, journalist and pianist.
The École normale supérieure (also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system) and a constituent college of Université PSL.
Édouard Eugène Désiré Branly (23 October 1844 – 24 March 1940) was a French inventor, physicist and professor at the Institut Catholique de Paris.
Émile Henriot (2 July 1885 – 1 February 1961) was a French chemist notable for being the first to show definitely that potassium and rubidium are naturally radioactive.
Óscar Moreno (Porto, November 16, 1878 - Porto, May 26, 1971), was a Portuguese urologist, doctor, scientist and chemist.
The Bank of France known in French as the Banque de France, headquartered in Paris, is the central bank of France; it is linked to the European Central Bank (ECB).
A banknote (often known as a bill, paper money, or simply a note) is a type of negotiable promissory note, made by a bank, payable to the bearer on demand.
Barbara Goldsmith (May 18, 1931 – June 26, 2016) was an American author, journalist, and philanthropist.
Barium is a chemical element with symbol Ba and atomic number 56.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
The Benjamin Franklin Medal presented by the American Philosophical Society located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., also called Benjamin Franklin Bicentennial Medal, is awarded since 1906.
Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83.
Bronisława Dłuska (née Skłodowska, 28 March 186515 April 1939) was a Polish physician, and co-founder and the first director of Warsaw's Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology.
Camille Marbo, (11 April 1883 – 5 February 1969) née Marguerite Appell, was a 20th-century French writer, president and laureate of the Prix Femina in 1913 and president of the Société des gens de lettres.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.
The Cavendish Laboratory is the Department of Physics at the University of Cambridge, and is part of the School of Physical Sciences.
A century (from the Latin centum, meaning one hundred; abbreviated c.) is a period of 100 years.
The Charity Commission for England and Wales is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities in England and Wales and maintains the Central Register of Charities.
A chemical element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (that is, the same atomic number, or Z).
A chemist (from Greek chēm (ía) alchemy; replacing chymist from Medieval Latin alchimista) is a scientist trained in the study of chemistry.
Chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with compounds composed of atoms, i.e. elements, and molecules, i.e. combinations of atoms: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other compounds.
The Commission on Isotopic Abundances and Atomic Weights (CIAAW) is an international scientific committee of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) under its Division of Inorganic Chemistry.
The Kingdom of Poland, informally known as Congress Poland or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland connected by personal union with the Russian Empire under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland until 1832.
Crystallization is the (natural or artificial) process by which a solid forms, where the atoms or molecules are highly organized into a structure known as a crystal.
Cuprosklodowskite is a secondary uranium mineral formed by alteration of earlier uranium minerals.
The curie (symbol Ci) is a non-SI unit of radioactivity originally defined in 1910.
Centre of protontherapy Institut Curie is one of the leading medical, biological and biophysical research centres in the world.
The Maria Skłodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology (Centrum Onkologii–Instytut im.) is a specialized research institute and hospital of the Polish Ministry of Health.
Curite is a lead uranium oxide mineral with formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6·3(H2O).
Curium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Cm and atomic number 96.
Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, located approximately northeast of New York City, making it part of the New York metropolitan area.
The Davy Medal is awarded by the Royal Society of London "for an outstandingly important recent discovery in any branch of chemistry".
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (a; 8 February 18342 February 1907 O.S. 27 January 183420 January 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
The Dreyfus Affair (l'affaire Dreyfus) was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906.
An electrometer is an electrical instrument for measuring electric charge or electrical potential difference.
The Elliott Cresson Medal, also known as the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal, was the highest award given by the Franklin Institute.
Encyclopedia Americana is one of the largest general encyclopedias in the English language.
The English Pronouncing Dictionary (EPD) was created by the British phonetician Daniel Jones and was first published in 1917.
Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson, HFRSE LLD (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937) was a New Zealand-born British physicist who came to be known as the father of nuclear physics.
ESPCI Paris (officially the École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la Ville de Paris; The City of Paris Industrial Physics and Chemistry Higher Educational Institution) is an engineering school founded in 1882 by The City of Paris, France.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
A facade (also façade) is generally one exterior side of a building, usually, but not always, the front.
A field hospital is a small mobile medical unit, or mini hospital, that temporarily takes care of casualties on-site before they can be safely transported to more permanent facilities.
Flying University (Uniwersytet Latający, less often translated as "Floating University") was an underground educationalBetty Jean Lifton, The King of Children: The Life and Death of Janusz Korczak,, St.
Françoise Giroud, born Lea France Gourdji (21 September 1916 in Lausanne, Switzerland and not in Geneva as often written – 19 January 2003 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French journalist, screenwriter, writer and politician.
Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie (19 March 1900 – 14 August 1958), born Jean Frédéric Joliot, was a French physicist, husband of Irène Joliot-Curie with whom he was jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The franc (sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the (FF), was a currency of France.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel Lippmann (16 August 1845 – 13 July 1921) was a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.
Gale is an educational publishing company based in Farmington Hills, Michigan, in the western suburbs of Detroit.
A garret is a habitable attic or small and often dismal or cramped living space at the top of a house or larger residential building.
Magnus Gustaf (Gösta) Mittag-Leffler (16 March 1846 – 7 July 1927) was a Swedish mathematician.
Genius is an American anthology period drama television series developed by Noah Pink and Kenneth Biller that premiered on April 25, 2017 on National Geographic.
Gerhard Carl Schmidt (5 July 1865 – 16 October 1949) was a German chemist.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepages that commemorates holidays, events, achievements, and people.
A governess is a woman employed to teach and train children in a private household.
Eileen Evelyn Greer Garson, CBE (29 September 1904 – 6 April 1996), was a British-American actress popular during the Second World War, being listed by the Motion Picture Herald as one of America's top-ten box office draws from 1942 to 1946.
Grolier is one of the largest U.S. publishers of general encyclopedias, including The Book of Knowledge (1910), The New Book of Knowledge (1966), The New Book of Popular Science (1972), Encyclopedia Americana (1945), Academic American Encyclopedia (1980), and numerous incarnations of a CD-ROM encyclopedia (1986–2003).
Guglielmo Marconi, 1st Marquis of Marconi (25 April 187420 July 1937) was an Italian inventor and electrical engineer known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission and for his development of Marconi's law and a radio telegraph system.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea (République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa.
Gwiazda Polarna (Polish for "Pole Star") is "America's oldest independent Polish-language newspaper." It has been published since 1908 in Stevens Point, Wisconsin.
A gymnasium is a type of school with a strong emphasis on academic learning, and providing advanced secondary education in some parts of Europe comparable to British grammar schools, sixth form colleges and US preparatory high schools.
Half-life (symbol t1⁄2) is the time required for a quantity to reduce to half its initial value.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Haute-Savoie (Savouè d’Amont or Hiôta-Savouè; Upper Savoy; Obersavoyen or Hochsavoyen; Alta Savoia) is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of south-eastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy.
Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a French physicist, Nobel laureate, and the first person to discover evidence of radioactivity.
Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (also known by the pseudonym "Litwos"; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916) was a Polish journalist, novelist and Nobel Prize laureate.
Phoebe Sarah Hertha Ayrton (28 April 1854 – 23 August 1923) was a British engineer, mathematician, physicist and inventor.
A horse-drawn vehicle is a mechanized piece of equipment pulled by one horse or by a team of horses.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
Ignacy Mościcki (1 December 18672 October 1946) was a Polish chemist, politician, and President of Poland from 1926 to 1939.
The Institute for Radium Research is an Austrian research institute associated with the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna.
The International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation (sometimes League of Nations Committee on Intellectual Cooperation) was an advisory organization for the League of Nations which aimed to promote international exchange between scientists, researchers, teachers, artists and intellectuals.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to liberate electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them.
Iota Sigma Pi (ΙΣΠ) is a national honor society in the United States.
Irène Joliot-Curie (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie.
Isabelle Anne Madeleine Huppert (born 16 March 1953) is a French actress who has appeared in more than 120 films since her debut in 1971.
Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element which differ in neutron number.
The Jagiellonian University (Polish: Uniwersytet Jagielloński; Latin: Universitas Iagellonica Cracoviensis, also known as the University of Kraków) is a research university in Kraków, Poland.
The January Uprising (Polish: powstanie styczniowe, Lithuanian: 1863 m. sukilimas, Belarusian: Паўстанне 1863-1864 гадоў, Польське повстання) was an insurrection instigated principally in the Russian Partition of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against its occupation by the Russian Empire.
Józef Jerzy Boguski (1853–1933) was a Polish chemist and a professor at the Warsaw Polytechnic.
Józef Wierusz-Kowalski (March 16, 1866, Pulawy – November 30, 1927, in Ankara, Turkey) was a Polish physicist and diplomat.
Jean-Martin Charcot (29 November 1825 – 16 August 1893) was a French neurologist and professor of anatomical pathology.
Jozef C. Mazur (March 17, 1897 – April 23, 1970) was a Polish-American (Galician) stained glass artist, painter and sculptor.
Kazimierz Żorawski (June 22, 1866 – January 23, 1953) was a Polish mathematician.
Kazimierz Dłuski (1855–1930) was a Polish physician, social and political activist.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, legally Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V., is the flag carrier airline of the Netherlands.
Kraków, also spelled Cracow or Krakow, is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Krakowskie Przedmieście (literally: Kraków suburb; Faubourg de Cracovie) is one of the best known and most prestigious streets of Poland's capital, surrounded by historic palaces, churches and manor-houses.
Leslie Pearce Williams (September 8, 1927 – February 8, 2015) was a chaired professor at Cornell University's Department of History who also chaired the department for many years.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The Latin Quarter of Paris (Quartier latin) is an area in the 5th and the 6th arrondissements of Paris.
Lauren Redniss is an American artist and writer.
Lawrence Aronovitch (born May 25, 1974) is a Canadian playwright and actor based in Ottawa.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), commonly referred to as Berkeley Lab, is a United States national laboratory located in the Berkeley Hills near Berkeley, California that conducts scientific research on behalf of the United States Department of Energy (DOE).
The League of Nations (abbreviated as LN in English, La Société des Nations abbreviated as SDN or SdN in French) was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
Les Palmes de M. Schutz is a 1997 French drama film directed by Claude Pinoteau and starring Isabelle Huppert.
Lise Meitner (7 November 1878 – 27 October 1968) was an Austrian-Swedish physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics.
As of 2017, Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 844 men, 48 women (Marie Curie won it twice), and 27 organizations.
Louis Pasteur (December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895) was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization.
Lublin (Lublinum) is the ninth largest city in Poland and the second largest city of Lesser Poland.
Lviv Polytechnic National University (Національний університет "Львівська політехніка") is the largest scientific university in Lviv.
Lydia Davis (born July 15, 1947) is an American writer noted for literary works of extreme brevity (commonly called "flash fiction").
Madame Curie is a 1943 biographical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Magnetism is a class of physical phenomena that are mediated by magnetic fields.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali (République du Mali), is a landlocked country in West Africa, a region geologically identified with the West African Craton.
Marguerite Catherine Perey (19 October 1909 – 13 May 1975) was a French physicist and a student of Marie Curie.
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University (Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej, UMCS) was founded October 23, 1944 in Lublin.
The Maria reactor is Poland's second research nuclear reactor and the only one still in use.
The Maria Skłodowska-Curie Bridge (Most Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie) is a bridge over the Vistula River in Warsaw, Poland, linking the northern suburbs of Białołęka and Bielany.
The Maria Skłodowska-Curie Medallion is one panel from a set of four created by Jozef C. Mazur.
The Maria Skłodowska-Curie Museum (Muzeum Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie) is a museum in Warsaw, Poland, devoted to the life and work of Polish two-time Nobel laureate Maria Skłodowska-Curie (1867–1934).
Marie "Blanche" Wittmann (1859–1913) known as the Queen of Hysterics, was the most famous hysteria patient of Jean-Martin Charcot at the Salpêtrière Hospital.
Marie Curie is a registered charitable organisation in the United Kingdom which provides care and support to people with terminal illnesses and their families.
Marie Curie Gargoyle is an outdoor 1989 sculpture by Wayne Chabre, installed on the University of Oregon campus in Eugene, Oregon, in the United States.
Marie Mattingly Meloney (1878–1943), who used Mrs.
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) are a set of major mobility research grants created by the European Union/European Commission to support research in the European Research Area (ERA).
The Matteucci Medal is an Italian award for physicists, named after Carlo Matteucci.
The Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Otto Hahn Institute) (Max Planck Institut für Chemie - Otto Hahn Institut) is a non-university research institute under the auspices of the Max Planck Society (German: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft).
The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium- to long-range wide-body jet airliner, manufactured by McDonnell Douglas and, later, by Boeing Commercial Airplanes.
Mediumship is the practice of certain people—known as mediums—to purportedly mediate communication between spirits of the dead and living human beings.
A molecule is an electrically neutral group of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds.
The Monument to the X-ray and Radium Martyrs of All Nations (also known as the X-ray Martyrs' Memorial) is a memorial in Hamburg, Germany, commemorating those who died due to their work with the use of radiation, particularly X-rays, in medicine.
The Musée Curie (Curie Museum) is a historical museum focusing on radiological research.
The Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego (or MCASD), in San Diego, California, US, is an art museum focused on the collection, preservation, exhibition, and interpretation of works of art from 1950 to the present.
The Museum of Industry and Agriculture (Muzeum Przemysłu i Rolnictwa) is a former museum of technology at Krakowskie Przedmieście 66 in Warsaw, Poland.
National identity is one's identity or sense of belonging to one state or to one nation.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
Neurology (from νεῦρον (neûron), "string, nerve" and the suffix -logia, "study of") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system.
New Scientist, first published on 22 November 1956, is a weekly, English-language magazine that covers all aspects of science and technology.
The New York Academy of Sciences (originally the Lyceum of Natural History) was founded in January 1817.
A nickname is a substitute for the proper name of a familiar person, place, or thing, for affection or ridicule.
The Nobel Prize (Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Nobelprisen) is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
Otto Hahn, (8 March 1879 – 28 July 1968) was a German chemist and pioneer in the fields of radioactivity and radiochemistry.
The Panthéon (pantheon, from Greek πάνθειον (ἱερόν) '(temple) to all the gods') is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris, France.
The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.
Passy is a commune in the Upper Savoy department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in south-eastern France.
The Pasteur Institute (Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines.
A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.
Paul Langevin (23 January 1872 – 19 December 1946) was a prominent French physicist who developed Langevin dynamics and the Langevin equation.
Per Olov Enquist, better known as P. O. Enquist, (born 23 September 1934) is a Swedish author.
Phosphorescence is a type of photoluminescence related to fluorescence.
A physicist is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics, which encompasses the interactions of matter and energy at all length and time scales in the physical universe.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
UPMC, formerly Pierre and Marie Curie University (Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie) or also known as Paris VI, was a public research university in Paris, France from 1971 to 2017.
Pierre Curie (15 May 1859 – 19 April 1906) was a French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity.
Pierre et Marie Curie is a station on the southeast branch of Line 7 of the Paris Métro.
Pierre Paul Émile Roux FRS (17 December 1853, Confolens, Charente – 3 November 1933, Paris) was a French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist.
The Hôpital universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière is a celebrated teaching hospital in the 13th arrondissement of Paris.
The Poles (Polacy,; singular masculine: Polak, singular feminine: Polka), commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history and are native speakers of the Polish language.
Poles in France form one of the largest Polish diaspora communities in Europe.
Polski Słownik Biograficzny (PSB; Polish Biographical Dictionary) is a Polish-language biographical dictionary, comprising an alphabetically arranged compilation of authoritative biographies of some 25,000 notable Poles and of foreigners who have been active in Poland – famous as well as less well known persons, from Popiel, Piast Kołodziej and Mieszko I, at the dawn of Polish history, to persons who died in the year 2000.
Polish (język polski or simply polski) is a West Slavic language spoken primarily in Poland and is the native language of the Poles.
The złoty (pronounced; sign: zł; code: PLN), which is the masculine form of the Polish adjective 'golden', is the currency of Poland.
Polonium is a chemical element with symbol Po and atomic number 84.
Popular culture (also called pop culture) is generally recognized as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or ubiquitous in a society at a given point in time.
Positivism in Poland was a socio-cultural movement that defined progressive thought in literature and social sciences of partitioned Poland, following the suppression of the 1863 January Uprising against the occupying army of Imperial Russia.
Princess Madeleine of Sweden, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland (Madeleine Thérèse Amelie Josephine; born 10 June 1982), is the second daughter and youngest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia.
Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society is a quarterly philosophy peer-reviewed journal published by the American Philosophical Society since 1838.
Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition).
Radioactive decay (also known as nuclear decay or radioactivity) is the process by which an unstable atomic nucleus loses energy (in terms of mass in its rest frame) by emitting radiation, such as an alpha particle, beta particle with neutrino or only a neutrino in the case of electron capture, gamma ray, or electron in the case of internal conversion.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
Radioluminescence is the phenomenon by which light is produced in a material by bombardment with ionizing radiation such as alpha particles, beta particles, or gamma rays.
Radium is a chemical element with symbol Ra and atomic number 88.
Radium chloride (RaCl2) is a chemical compound of radium and chlorine, and the first radium compound isolated in a pure state.
Radon is a chemical element with symbol Rn and atomic number 86.
A rector ("ruler", from meaning "ruler") is a senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school.
Rosalind Elsie Franklin (25 July 192016 April 1958) was an English chemist and X-ray crystallographer who made contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), RNA (ribonucleic acid), viruses, coal, and graphite.
The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or Ri) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences or Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien is one of the Royal Academies of Sweden.
Rue Dauphine is a street in Saint-Germain-des-Prés in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, France.
The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
San Diego (Spanish for 'Saint Didacus') is a major city in California, United States.
A sanatorium (also spelled sanitorium and sanitarium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with treatment of tuberculosis (TB) in the late-nineteenth and twentieth century before the discovery of antibiotics.
Sancellemoz is a sanatorium in the town of Passy, in Haute-Savoie, eastern France.
A séance or seance is an attempt to communicate with spirits.
Sceaux is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France.
In science, priority is the credit given to the individual or group of individuals who first made the discovery or propose the theory.
Seine was a department of France encompassing Paris and its immediate suburbs.
Sexism in academia refers to the subordination of women in academic spaces (particularly universities) due to ideologies, practices, and reinforcements that give males privileges denied to females.
Silvanus Phillips Thompson (19 June 1851 – 12 June 1916) was a professor of physics at the City and Guilds Technical College in Finsbury, England.
Sklodowskite is a uranium mineral with the chemical formula: Mg(UO2)2(HSiO4)2·5H2O.
The Société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale (Society for Encouraging National Industry) is an organization established in 1801 to encourage French industry.
Spiritualism is a new religious movement based on the belief that the spirits of the dead exist and have both the ability and the inclination to communicate with the living.
Stefan Meyer (27 April 1872 – 29 December 1949) was an Austrian physicist involved in research on radioactivity.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Szczuki is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Płoniawy-Bramura, within Maków County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland.
Tadeusz Estreicher (19 December 1871 – 8 April 1952) was a Polish chemist, historian and cryogenics pioneer.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Thorium is a weakly radioactive metallic chemical element with symbol Th and atomic number 90.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
Torbernite, whose name derives from the Swedish chemist Torbern Bergman (1735–1784), is a radioactive, hydrated green copper uranyl phosphate mineral, found in granites and other uranium-bearing deposits as a secondary mineral.
Treatise on Radioactivity (Traité de Radioactivité) is a two-volume book from the year 1910 written by the Polish scientist Marie Curie as a survey on the subject of radioactivity.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).
Typhus, also known as typhus fever, is a group of infectious diseases that include epidemic typhus, scrub typhus and murine typhus.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States.
The University of Geneva (French: Université de Genève) is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.
The University of Paris (Université de Paris), metonymically known as the Sorbonne (one of its buildings), was a university in Paris, France, from around 1150 to 1793, and from 1806 to 1970.
Uraninite, formerly pitchblende, is a radioactive, uranium-rich mineral and ore with a chemical composition that is largely UO2, but due to oxidation the mineral typically contains variable proportions of U3O8.
Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92.
The Vistula (Wisła, Weichsel,, ווייסל), Висла) is the longest and largest river in Poland, at in length. The drainage basin area of the Vistula is, of which lies within Poland (54% of its land area). The remainder is in Belarus, Ukraine and Slovakia. The Vistula rises at Barania Góra in the south of Poland, above sea level in the Silesian Beskids (western part of Carpathian Mountains), where it begins with the White Little Vistula (Biała Wisełka) and the Black Little Vistula (Czarna Wisełka). It then continues to flow over the vast Polish plains, passing several large Polish cities along its way, including Kraków, Sandomierz, Warsaw, Płock, Włocławek, Toruń, Bydgoszcz, Świecie, Grudziądz, Tczew and Gdańsk. It empties into the Vistula Lagoon (Zalew Wiślany) or directly into the Gdańsk Bay of the Baltic Sea with a delta and several branches (Leniwka, Przekop, Śmiała Wisła, Martwa Wisła, Nogat and Szkarpawa).
Walter Davis Pidgeon (September 23, 1897 – September 25, 1984) was a Canadian-American actor.
War bonds are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operations and other expenditure in times of war.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.
The Warsaw New Town is a neighbourhood dating from the 15th century in Warsaw, Poland.
The Warsaw Old Town (italic and collectively with the New Town, known colloquially as: Starówka) is the oldest part of Warsaw, the capital city of Poland.
Warsaw Scientific Society (Polish: Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie; TNW) is a Polish scientific society based in Warsaw.
The Warsaw Uprising (powstanie warszawskie; Warschauer Aufstand) was a major World War II operation, in the summer of 1944, by the Polish underground resistance, led by the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), to liberate Warsaw from German occupation.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German mechanical engineer and physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
The Willard Gibbs Award, presented by the of the American Chemical Society, was established in 1910 by William A. Converse (1862–1940), a former Chairman and Secretary of the Chicago Section of the society and named for Professor Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839–1903) of Yale University.
Wireless telegraphy is the transmission of telegraphy signals from one point to another by means of an electromagnetic, electrostatic or magnetic field, or by electrical current through the earth or water.
This is a list of women chemists.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
Xenophobia is the fear and distrust of that which is perceived to be foreign or strange.
Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, (although some sources prefer to consider it part of the region of east Africa) neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
Curie, Marie, Curie, Marie Sklodowska, Madam Curie, Madame Curie, Maria Curie, Maria Curie-Sklodowska, Maria Curie-Skłodowska, Maria Salomea Skłodowska, Maria Sklodowska, Maria Sklodowska Curie, Maria Sklodowska-Curie, Maria Skłodowska, Maria Skłodowska Curie, Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Maria Skłodowska–Curie, Marie Curie's birthplace, Marie Curie-Sklodowska, Marie Curie-Skłodowska, Marie Sklodowska, Marie Sklodowska Curie, Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Marie Sklodowska–Curie, Marie Skoldowska Curie, Marie Skłodowska Curie, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, Marie Skłodowska–Curie, Marie curie, Marja Curie, Mary curie.