101 relations: Ancient Greek, Baltra Island, Batis maritima, Bifurcaria, Brown algae, Charles Darwin, CITES, Clade, Cloaca, Colony (biology), Common descent, Conolophus, Corticosterone, Crustacean, Ctenosaura, Darwin Island, Darwin's finches, Ectotherm, Ecuador, El Niño, Endemism, Endosymbiont, Española Island, Exocrine gland, Fernandina Island, Floreana Island, Galapagos hawk, Galapagos racer, Galápagos Islands, Galápagos Marine Reserve, Galápagos National Park, Galápagos sea lion, Gelidium, Genetics, Genovesa Island, Genus, Global warming, Glucocorticoid, Green algae, Heron, Hybrid (biology), Hybrid iguana, Hypnea, Iguana, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Intertidal zone, Introduced species, Invasive species, Isabela Island (Galápagos), IUCN Red List, ..., James Colnett, La Niña, Latin, Laurencia, Lava gull, Lethargy, Lizard, Mangrove, Marchena Island, Marine reptile, Microlophus, Mimus, Monotypic taxon, Morphology (biology), MV Jessica, Neritic zone, North Seymour Island, Oceanic dispersal, Ochre, Osteosclerosis, Pathogen, Pinta Island, Pinzón Island, Placental expulsion, Planet Earth II, Polysiphonia, Rábida Island, Red algae, Roca Redonda, Royal Navy, San Cristóbal Island, Santa Cruz Island (Galápagos), Santa Fe Island, Santiago Island (Galápagos), Sea lettuce, Sexual dimorphism, Short-eared owl, South Plaza Island, Species, Subspecies, Synonym (taxonomy), Taxonomy (biology), Territory (animal), Thermoregulation, Thomas Bell (zoologist), Threatened species, Tide, Viral phenomenon, Volcano, Vulnerable species, Wolf Island. Expand index (51 more) » « Shrink index
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Baltra Island, or Isla Baltra, is a small island of the Galápagos Islands.
Batis maritima, the saltwort or beachwort, is a halophyte.
Bifurcaria is a genus of brown algae seaweeds found on rocky North American and European shores and tidepools of the Atlantic Ocean.
The brown algae (singular: alga), comprising the class Phaeophyceae, are a large group of multicellular algae, including many seaweeds located in colder waters within the Northern Hemisphere.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, also known as the Washington Convention) is a multilateral treaty to protect endangered plants and animals.
A clade (from κλάδος, klados, "branch"), also known as monophyletic group, is a group of organisms that consists of a common ancestor and all its lineal descendants, and represents a single "branch" on the "tree of life".
In animal anatomy, a cloaca (plural cloacae or) is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts (if present) of many vertebrate animals, opening at the vent.
In biology, a colony is composed of two or more conspecific individuals living in close association with, or connected to, one another.
Common descent describes how, in evolutionary biology, a group of organisms share a most recent common ancestor.
The Galápagos land iguanas comprise the genus Conolophus of the Galápagos Islands.
Corticosterone, also known as 17-deoxycortisol and 11β,21-dihydroxyprogesterone, is a 21-carbon steroid hormone of the corticosteroid type produced in the cortex of the adrenal glands.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Ctenosaura is a lizard genus commonly known as spinytail iguanas or Ctenosaurs.
Darwin Island (Spanish: Isla Darwin) is named in honor of Charles Darwin, and is among the smallest in the Galápagos Archipelago with an area of just.
Darwin's finches (also known as the Galápagos finches) are a group of about fifteen species of passerine birds.
An ectotherm (from the Greek ἐκτός (ektós) "outside" and θερμός (thermós) "hot"), is an organism in which internal physiological sources of heat are of relatively small or quite negligible importance in controlling body temperature.
Ecuador (Ikwadur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a representative democratic republic in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
El Niño is the warm phase of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (commonly called ENSO) and is associated with a band of warm ocean water that develops in the central and east-central equatorial Pacific (between approximately the International Date Line and 120°W), including off the Pacific coast of South America.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
An endosymbiont or endobiont is any organism that lives within the body or cells of another organism in a symbiotic relationship with the host body or cell, often but not always to mutual benefit.
Española Island (Spanish: Isla Española) is part of the Galápagos Islands.
Exocrine glands are glands that produce and secrete substances onto an epithelial surface by way of a duct.
Fernandina Island (formerly known in English as Narborough Island, after John Narborough) is the third largest, and youngest, island of the Galápagos Islands.
Floreana Island is an island of the Galápagos Islands.
The Galapagos hawk (Buteo galapagoensis) is a large hawk endemic to most of the Galapagos Islands.
The Galápagos racer (Pseudalsophis biserialis or Philodryas biserialis) is a Colubrid snake in the genus Pseudalsophis which is endemic to the Galápagos Islands.
The Galápagos Islands (official name: Archipiélago de Colón, other Spanish name: Las Islas Galápagos), part of the Republic of Ecuador, are an archipelago of volcanic islands distributed on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean surrounding the centre of the Western Hemisphere, west of continental Ecuador.
The Galápagos Marine Reserve (GMR) lies a thousand kilometres from the Ecuadorian mainland and covers an area of around.
Galápagos National Park (Parque Nacional Galápagos), established in 1959 and beginning operations in 1968, is Ecuador's first national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Galápagos sea lion (Zalophus wollebaeki) is a species of sea lion that exclusively breeds on the Galápagos Islands and – in smaller numbers – on Isla de la Plata (Ecuador).
Gelidium is a genus of thalloid red algae comprising 124 species.Its members are known by a number of common names.
Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
Genovesa Island, named after the Italian city of Genoa, in honor of Christopher Columbus, (referred to in English as Tower Island) is a shield volcano in the Galápagos Islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean.
A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Glucocorticoids are a class of corticosteroids, which are a class of steroid hormones.
The green algae (singular: green alga) are a large, informal grouping of algae consisting of the Chlorophyta and Charophyta/Streptophyta, which are now placed in separate divisions, as well as the more basal Mesostigmatophyceae, Chlorokybophyceae and Spirotaenia.
The herons are the long-legged freshwater and coastal birds in the family Ardeidae, with 64 recognised species, some of which are referred to as egrets or bitterns rather than herons.
In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.
The hybrid iguana is a first generation hybrid, the result of intergeneric breeding between a male marine iguana (genus Amblyrhynchus) and a female land iguana (genus Conolophus) on South Plaza Island in the Galapagos Islands where the territories of the two species overlap.
Hypnea is a red algal genus, and a well known carrageenophyte (plant producing polysaccharide carrageenan).
Iguana is a genus of herbivorous lizards that are native to tropical areas of Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore and seashore and sometimes referred to as the littoral zone, is the area that is above water at low tide and under water at high tide (in other words, the area between tide marks).
An introduced species (alien species, exotic species, non-indigenous species, or non-native species) is a species living outside its native distributional range, which has arrived there by human activity, either deliberate or accidental.
An invasive species is a species that is not native to a specific location (an introduced species), and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
Isabela Island is the largest island of the Galápagos with an area of and length of, almost four times larger than Santa Cruz, the second largest of the archipelago.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List or Red Data List), founded in 1964, has evolved to become the world's most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.
James Colnett (1753 – 1 September 1806) was an officer of the British Royal Navy, an explorer, and a maritime fur trader.
La Niña is a coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon that is the counterpart of El Niño as part of the broader El Niño–Southern Oscillation climate pattern.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Laurencia is a genus of red algae that mostly occurs in the sea near islands.
The lava gull (Leucophaeus fuliginosus), also known as the dusky gull, is a medium-sized gull and a member of the "hooded gull" group.
Lethargy is a state of tiredness, weariness, fatigue, or lack of energy.
Lizards are a widespread group of squamate reptiles, with over 6,000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica, as well as most oceanic island chains.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
The island's name, Marchena Island, comes from the Spanish monk, Frey Antonio de Marchena.
Reptiles that live in the sea. Marine reptiles are reptiles which have become secondarily adapted for an aquatic or semiaquatic life in a marine environment.
Microlophus is a genus of tropidurid lizards native to South America.
Mimus is a bird genus in the family Mimidae.
In biology, a monotypic taxon is a taxonomic group (taxon) that contains only one immediately subordinate taxon.
Morphology is a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.
MV Jessica was an oil tanker that was involved in an oil spill in the Galápagos Islands, a chain of islands west of continental Ecuador, of which they are a part.
The neritic zone is the relatively shallow part of the ocean above the drop-off of the continental shelf, approximately in depth.
North Seymour (Isla Seymour Norte) is a small island near Baltra Island in the Galápagos Islands.
Oceanic dispersal is a type of biological dispersal that occurs when terrestrial organisms transfer from one land mass to another by way of a sea crossing.
Ochre (British English) (from Greek: ὤχρα, from ὠχρός, ōkhrós, pale) or ocher (American English) is a natural clay earth pigment which is a mixture of ferric oxide and varying amounts of clay and sand.
Osteosclerosis is a disorder that is characterized by abnormal hardening of bone and an elevation in bone density.
In biology, a pathogen (πάθος pathos "suffering, passion" and -γενής -genēs "producer of") or a '''germ''' in the oldest and broadest sense is anything that can produce disease; the term came into use in the 1880s.
Pinta Island, also known as Abingdon Island, after the Earl of Abingdon, is an island located in the Galápagos Islands group, Ecuador.
Pinzón Island, sometimes called Duncan Island (after Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan), is an island in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador.
Placental expulsion (also called afterbirth) occurs when the placenta comes out of the birth canal after childbirth.
Planet Earth II is a 2016 British nature documentary series produced by the BBC as a sequel to Planet Earth, which was broadcast in 2006.
Polysiphonia is a genus of filamentous red algae with about 19 species on the coasts of the British Isles and about 200 species worldwide, including Crete in Greece, Antarctica and Greenland.
Rábida Island, is one of the Galápagos Islands.
The red algae, or Rhodophyta, are one of the oldest groups of eukaryotic algae.
Roca Redonda is a flat-topped, steep-sided islet located roughly northwest of the island of Isabela, in the Galápagos Islands of Ecuador.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
San Cristóbal (Chatham) is the easternmost island in the Galápagos archipelago, as well as one of the oldest geologically.
Santa Cruz Island is one of the Galápagos Islands with an area of and a maximum altitude of.
Santa Fe Island (Spanish: Isla Santa Fe), also called Barrington Island after admiral Samuel Barrington, is a small island of which lies in the centre of the Galápagos archipelago, to the south east of Santa Cruz Island.
Santiago Island is an island of the Galápagos Islands.
The sea lettuces comprise the genus Ulva, a group of edible green algae that is widely distributed along the coasts of the world's oceans.
Sexual dimorphism is the condition where the two sexes of the same species exhibit different characteristics beyond the differences in their sexual organs.
The short-eared owl (Asio flammeus) is a species of typical owl (family Strigidae).
South Plaza (Spanish: Isla Plaza Sur) is a small island off the east coast of Santa Cruz in the Galápagos Islands.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
In biological classification, the term subspecies refers to a unity of populations of a species living in a subdivision of the species’s global range and varies from other populations of the same species by morphological characteristics.
In scientific nomenclature, a synonym is a scientific name that applies to a taxon that (now) goes by a different scientific name,''ICN'', "Glossary", entry for "synonym" although the term is used somewhat differently in the zoological code of nomenclature.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
In ethology, territory is the sociographical area that an animal of a particular species consistently defends against conspecifics (or, occasionally, animals of other species).
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
Thomas Bell FRS (11 October 1792 – 13 March 1880) was an English zoologist, surgeon and writer, born in Poole, Dorset, England.
Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth.
Viral phenomena are objects or patterns that are able to replicate themselves or convert other objects into copies of themselves when these objects are exposed to them.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve.
Wolf Island or Wenman Island is a small island in the Galápagos Islands and was named after the German geologist Theodor Wolf, who also has the volcano Wolf on Isabela Island named after him.