476 relations: A50 autoroute, A51 autoroute, A7 autoroute, A8 autoroute, Abbey of St Victor, Marseille, Abidjan, Adolphe Thiers, Agadir, Aioli, Airbus, Airbus Helicopters, Aix-en-Provence, Aix-Marseille University, Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Alexandre Dumas, Alexandria, Algiers, Alice Colonieu, Almshouse, Alonzo (rapper), Altar, America's Cup, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, André Pascal, André Roussin, Anise, Antoine Court de Gébelin, Antonin Artaud, Antwerp, Arabs, Architectural style, Ariane Ascaride, Armenians, Arrondissements of Lyon, Arrondissements of Paris, Art Deco, Art museum, Art of Europe, Arthur Rimbaud, Arts centre, Association football, Aubagne, Avignon, École centrale de Marseille, Émile Ollivier, Étang de Berre, Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès, Ballet National de Marseille, ..., Bamako, Barcelona, Baroque, Basilica, Beirut, Berbers, Bernard Cadenat, Bernard Tapie, Berty Albrecht, Besançon, Black Madonna, Bompard, Marseille, Bordeaux, Botanical garden, Bouches-du-Rhône, Bouillabaisse, Breakwater (structure), Bream, Briançon, Brice Meuleman, Building material, Bus rapid transit, Caesar's Civil War, Calanque, Calanques National Park, Camargue, Canal, Canebière, Canoe slalom, Cantons of Marseille, Cargo, Carthage, Cartomancy, Casablanca, Cassis, Catacombs, César Baldaccini, Côte Bleue, Centrale Graduate School, Centre d'immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Charles Camoin, Charles Fabry, Charles Martel, Charles XIV John of Sweden, Château Borély, Château d'If, Choir, Christian worship, City limits, CMA CGM, CMA CGM Tower, Colonies in antiquity, Colonnade, Communes of France, Comoros, Compagnie maritime d'expertises, Copenhagen, Corsica, Croix de Guerre 1939–1945 (France), Crown of Aragon, Crypt, Dakar, Darius Milhaud, Désirée Clary, Deciduous, Denis Ranque, Departmental council (France), Departments of France, Docks (Marseille), Early Christianity, Edmond Rostand, Eliane Plewman, Epitech, Eric Cantona, Ernest Reyer, Eugène de Mazenod, Euroméditerranée, European Capital of Culture, European Capitals and Cities of Sport Federation, European conger, European Democratic and Social Rally group, European Union, Europride, Eurostar, Fête de la Musique, Fernandel, Ferry slip, Fjord, Foça, Focaccia, Fonky Family, Football team, Fort Saint-Jean (Marseille), Fos-sur-Mer, Fougasse (bread), France, France national football team, France national rugby union team, Franco-Ottoman alliance, Frankfurt, Frédéric Mariotti, Frédéric Ozanam, French Algeria, French Communist Party, French hip hop, French municipal elections, 2014, French Resistance, French Revolution, French Riviera, French Section of the Workers' International, French Third Republic, Frioul archipelago, Gare de Marseille-Saint-Charles, Garlaban, Gaston Defferre, Gdańsk, Geneva, Genoa, Georges Braque, Georges Chappe, Ginette Garcin, Glasgow, Globe (band), Golf course, Great Plague of Marseille, Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul, GRIM, Gulf of Lion, Haifa, Hake, Hamburg, Hellenization, Henri Fabre, Henri Tasso, Henri Tomasi, Henri-Jacques Espérandieu, Henry de Lumley, High tech, Hip hop music, History of Christianity, Hollywood, Holy Roman Empire, Honoré Daumier, Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis, IAM (band), Independent politician, Industrial Revolution, Inserm, Institut de recherche pour le développement, Institut national de la recherche agronomique, Intercités de Nuit, InterContinental, Interwar period, Istanbul, Italianate architecture, Jardin botanique E.M. 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right The A50 autoroute is a French motorway connecting Marseille to Toulon.
The A51 autoroute is a partly completed motorway in south east France.
The A7 Autoroute, also known as l'autoroute du Soleil (English: the Motorway of the Sun) is a French motorway.
The A8 autoroute, also known as La Provençale, is a -long highway in France that runs between Aix-en-Provence and the A7 to the Côte d'Azur.
The Abbey of Saint Victor is a late Roman former monastic foundation in Marseille in the south of France, named after the local soldier saint and martyr, Victor of Marseilles.
Abidjan is the economic capital of Côte d'Ivoire and is one of the most populous French-speaking cities in Africa.
Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 17973 September 1877) was a French statesman and historian.
Agadir (Berber: Agadir, ⴰⴳⴰⴷⵉⵔ, Arabic: أكادير or أݣادير or أغادير) is a major city in mid-southern Morocco.
Aioli or aïoli (or; Provençal alhòli or aiòli; allioli) is a Mediterranean sauce made of garlic and olive oil; some regions use other emulsifiers such as egg or cranberries.
Airbus SE is a European corporation, registered in the Netherlands and trading shares in France, Germany and Spain.
Airbus Helicopters SAS (formerly Eurocopter Group) is the helicopter manufacturing division of Airbus.
Aix-en-Provence (Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm, or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm,, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix (medieval Occitan Aics), is a city-commune in the south of France, about north of Marseille.
Aix-Marseille University (AMU; Aix-Marseille Université; formally incorporated as Université d'Aix-Marseille) is a public research university located in Provence, southern France.
The Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis (métropole d'Aix-Marseille-Provence) is the métropole, an intercommunal structure, centred on the cities of Marseille and Aix-en-Provence.
Alexander I (– 9 October 1934), also known as Alexander the Unifier, served as a prince regent of the Kingdom of Serbia from 1914 and later became King of Yugoslavia from 1921 to 1934 (prior to 1929 the state was known as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes).
Alexandre Dumas (born Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie; 24 July 1802 – 5 December 1870), also known as Alexandre Dumas, père ("father"), was a French writer.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.
Alice Victorine Antoinette Colonieu (5 November 1924 in Marseille, 16 July 2010 in Roaix, Vaucluse) was a French ceramicist, painter and sculptor.
An almshouse (also known as a poorhouse) is charitable housing provided to people in a particular community.
Kassim Djae, better known by his stage name Alonzo, is a French rapper and singer who is signed to Def Jam France.
An altar is any structure upon which offerings such as sacrifices are made for religious purposes, and by extension the 'Holy table' of post-reformation Anglican churches.
The America's Cup, affectionately known as the "Auld Mug", is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America's Cup match races between two sailing yachts.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
André Pascal (1932–2001), born André Pascal Nicolas di Fusco in Marseille, was a French songwriter and composer.
André Roussin, (22 January 1911 – 3 November 1987), was a French playwright.
Anise (Pimpinella anisum), also called aniseed, is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia.
Antoine Court, who named himself Antoine Court de Gébelin (Nîmes, January 25, 1725 At Google Books.Paris, May 10, 1784), was a former Protestant pastor, born at Nîmes, who initiated the interpretation of the Tarot as an arcane repository of timeless esoteric wisdom in 1781.
Antoine Marie Joseph Artaud, better known as Antonin Artaud (4 September 1896 – 4 March 1948), was a French dramatist, poet, essayist, actor, and theatre director, widely recognized as one of the major figures of twentieth-century theatre and the European avant-garde.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Arabs (عَرَب ISO 233, Arabic pronunciation) are a population inhabiting the Arab world.
An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable.
Ariane Ascaride (born 10 October 1954) is a French actress and screenwriter.
Armenians (հայեր, hayer) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.
The nine arrondissements of Lyon are the administrative divisions of the City of Lyon.
The city of Paris is divided into twenty arrondissements municipaux, administrative districts, more simply referred to as arrondissements (pronounced in French).
Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I. Art Deco influenced the design of buildings, furniture, jewelry, fashion, cars, movie theatres, trains, ocean liners, and everyday objects such as radios and vacuum cleaners.
An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art.
The art of Europe, or Western art, encompasses the history of visual art in Europe.
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud (20 October 1854 – 10 November 1891) was a French poet who is known for his influence on modern literature and arts, which prefigured surrealism.
An art centre or arts center is distinct from an art gallery or art museum.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Aubagne (Aubanha in Occitan according to the classic norm or Aubagno according to the Mistralian norm) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.
Avignon (Avenio; Provençal: Avignoun, Avinhon) is a commune in south-eastern France in the department of Vaucluse on the left bank of the Rhône river.
The École Centrale de Marseille is a leading graduate school of engineering (or Grande école of engineering) located in Marseille, the second largest city in France.
Olivier Émile Ollivier (2 July 182520 August 1913) was a French statesman.
The Étang de Berre (in Provençal Occitan: estanh de Bèrra / mar de Bèrra according to classical orthography, estang de Berro / mar de Berro according to Mistralian orthography) is a lagoon on the Mediterranean coast of France, about 25 km north-west of Marseille.
Étienne Joseph Louis Garnier-Pagès (December 27, 1801 – June 23, 1841) was a French politician, born at Marseille.
The Ballet National de Marseille is an internationally acclaimed dance company based in Marseille, France.
Bamako is the capital and largest city of Mali, with a population of 1.8 million (2009 census, provisional).
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Berbers or Amazighs (Berber: Imaziɣen, ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⴻⵏ; singular: Amaziɣ, ⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗ) are an ethnic group indigenous to North Africa, primarily inhabiting Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and a part of western Egypt.
Bernard Cadenat (2 January 1853, in Pexiora – 1 August 1930) was a French politician.
Bernard Tapie (born 26 January 1943) is a French businessman, politician and occasional actor, singer, and TV host.
Berty Albrecht (born Berthe Wild; Marseille, 15 February 1893 – died Fresnes, 1943).
Besançon (French and Arpitan:; archaic Bisanz, Vesontio) is the capital of the department of Doubs in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
The term Black Madonna or Black Virgin refers to statues or paintings of the Blessed Virgin Mary in which she, and often the infant Jesus, are depicted with black or dark skin.
Bompard is a quarter (French: Quartier) in the 7th arrondissement of Marseille, France.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms botanic and botanical and garden or gardens are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word botanic is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens.
Bouches-du-Rhône (Occitan: Bocas de Ròse, literally "Mouths of the Rhône") is a department in Southern France named after the mouth of the river Rhône.
Bouillabaisse (bolhabaissa) is a traditional Provençal fish stew originating from the port city of Marseille.
Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts as part of coastal management or to protect an anchorage from the effects of both weather and longshore drift.
Bream is a general term for a species of freshwater and marine fish belonging to a variety of genera including Abramis (e.g., A. brama, the common bream), Acanthopagrus, Argyrops, Blicca, Brama, Chilotilapia, Etelis, Lepomis, Gymnocranius, Lethrinus, Nemipterus, Pharyngochromis, Rhabdosargus, or Scolopsis.
Briançon is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Brice Meuleman, S.J., D.D. (1 March 1862, Ghent, Belgium – 15 July 1924, Marsailles, France), was a Jesuit priest, a missionary in British India, and the second Archbishop of Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Building material is any material which is used for construction purposes.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
The Great Roman Civil War (49–45 BC), also known as Caesar's Civil War, was one of the last politico-military conflicts in the Roman Republic before the establishment of the Roman Empire.
A calanque ("inlet"; calanca, pl. calanche; calanca, pl. calancas) is a narrow, steep-walled inlet that is developed in limestone, dolomite, or other carbonate strata and found along the Mediterranean coast.
Calanques National Park is a national park located in southern France, established in 2012.
The Camargue (Provençal Camarga) is a natural region located south of Arles, France, between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhône delta.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
La Canebière is the historic high street in the old quarter of Marseille, France.
Canoe slalom (previously known as whitewater slalom) is a competitive sport with the aim to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of hanging downstream or upstream gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible.
The cantons of Marseille are administrative divisions of the Bouches-du-Rhône department, in southeastern France.
In economics, cargo or freight are goods or produce being conveyed – generally for commercial gain – by water, air or land.
Carthage (from Carthago; Punic:, Qart-ḥadašt, "New City") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia.
Cartomancy is fortune-telling or divination using a deck of cards.
Casablanca (ad-dār al-bayḍāʾ; anfa; local informal name: Kaẓa), located in the central-western part of Morocco bordering the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest city in Morocco.
Cassis (Occitan: Cassís) is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
Catacombs are human-made subterranean passageways for religious practice.
César (born Cesare Baldaccini, 1 January 1921 – 6 December 1998), also occasionally referred to as César Baldaccini, was a noted French sculptor.
The Côte Bleue (Provençal Occitan: Còsta Blava) is part of Provence's southwestern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, reaching from Marseilles to the Étang de Berre.
The Ecoles Centrales Group is an alliance consisting of the following graduate schools of engineering.
The Centre d’Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy (CIML) was founded in 1976 and has been described by AERES, an independent evaluation agency, as "without doubt one of the best immunology centers of excellence in Europe".
The French National Center for Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique, CNRS) is the largest governmental research organisation in France and the largest fundamental science agency in Europe.
Charles Camoin (23 September 1879 – 20 May 1965) was a French expressionist landscape painter associated with the Fauves.
Maurice Paul Auguste Charles Fabry (11 June 1867 – 11 December 1945) was a French physicist.
Charles Martel (c. 688 – 22 October 741) was a Frankish statesman and military leader who as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was the de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death.
Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.
The Château Borély is a chateau in the southern part of Marseille, France.
The Château d'If is a fortress (later a prison) located on the island of If, the smallest island in the Frioul archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea about offshore in the Bay of Marseille in southeastern France.
A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.
In Christianity, worship is reverent honor and homage paid to God.
The terms city limit and city boundary refer to the defined boundary or border of a city.
CMA CGM S.A. is a French container transportation and shipping company.
The CMA CGM Tower is a 147 m tall skyscraper in Euroméditerranée, the central business district of Marseille, France.
Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city (its "metropolis"), not from a territory-at-large.
In classical architecture, a colonnade is a long sequence of columns joined by their entablature, often free-standing, or part of a building.
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic.
The Comoros (جزر القمر), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, Union des Comores, الاتحاد القمري), is a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique and northwestern Madagascar.
COMEX (or Compagnie Maritime d'Expertises) is a company specializing in engineering and deep diving operations, created in November 1961 by Henri Germain Delauze and ran by him until his death in 2012.
Copenhagen (København; Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
The Croix de guerre 1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.
The Crown of Aragon (Corona d'Aragón, Corona d'Aragó, Corona de Aragón),Corona d'AragónCorona AragonumCorona de Aragón) also referred by some modern historians as Catalanoaragonese Crown (Corona catalanoaragonesa) or Catalan-Aragonese Confederation (Confederació catalanoaragonesa) was a composite monarchy, also nowadays referred to as a confederation of individual polities or kingdoms ruled by one king, with a personal and dynastic union of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona. At the height of its power in the 14th and 15th centuries, the Crown of Aragon was a thalassocracy (a state with primarily maritime realms) controlling a large portion of present-day eastern Spain, parts of what is now southern France, and a Mediterranean "empire" which included the Balearic Islands, Sicily, Corsica, Sardinia, Malta, Southern Italy (from 1442) and parts of Greece (until 1388). The component realms of the Crown were not united politically except at the level of the king, who ruled over each autonomous polity according to its own laws, raising funds under each tax structure, dealing separately with each Corts or Cortes. Put in contemporary terms, it has sometimes been considered that the different lands of the Crown of Aragon (mainly the Kingdom of Aragon, the Principality of Catalonia and the Kingdom of Valencia) functioned more as a confederation than as a single kingdom. In this sense, the larger Crown of Aragon must not be confused with one of its constituent parts, the Kingdom of Aragon, from which it takes its name. In 1469, a new dynastic familial union of the Crown of Aragon with the Crown of Castile by the Catholic Monarchs, joining what contemporaries referred to as "the Spains" led to what would become the Kingdom of Spain under King Philip II. The Crown existed until it was abolished by the Nueva Planta decrees issued by King Philip V in 1716 as a consequence of the defeat of Archduke Charles (as Charles III of Aragon) in the War of the Spanish Succession.
A crypt (from Latin crypta "vault") is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building.
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal.
Darius Milhaud (4 September 1892 – 22 June 1974) was a French composer, conductor, and teacher.
Eugénie Bernardine Désirée Clary (8 November 1777 – 17 December 1860), in Swedish officially Eugenia Bernhardina Desideria, was Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John (a former French General and founder of the House of Bernadotte), mother of Oscar I, and one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte.
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous (/dɪˈsɪdʒuəs/) means "falling off at maturity" and "tending to fall off", in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.
Denis Ranque (born 7 January 1952 in Marseille) is the former CEO and chairman of Thales Group.
The departmental councils (French: conseil départemental) of France are assemblies of the departments, elected by universal suffrage.
In the administrative divisions of France, the department (département) is one of the three levels of government below the national level ("territorial collectivities"), between the administrative regions and the commune.
Les Docks de Marseille is a historical building in the heart of La Joliette, a business district in Marseille, France.
Early Christianity, defined as the period of Christianity preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325, typically divides historically into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period (from the Apostolic Age until Nicea).
Edmond Eugène Alexis Rostand (1 April 1868 – 2 December 1918) was a French poet and dramatist.
Éliane Sophie Plewman (6 December 1917 – 13 September 1944) was a British agent of Special Operations Executive (SOE) and member of the French Resistance working in the "MONK circuit" in occupied France during World War II.
The Paris Graduate School of Digital Innovation (École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies, or Epitech), formerly European Institute of Information Technology in English is a private institution of higher education in general computer science that was founded in 1999 and has been accredited by the French government.
Eric Daniel Pierre Cantona (born 24 May 1966) is a French actor and former international footballer for the French national team.
Louis Étienne Ernest Reyer (1 December 1823 – 15 January 1909) was a French opera composer and music critic.
Saint Eugène de Mazenod (born Charles-Joseph-Eugène de Mazenod; 1 August 1782 – 21 May 1861), more commonly known as Eugène de Mazenod, was a French Catholic clergyman, beatified on 19 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, and canonized on 3 December 1995 by Pope John Paul II.
Euroméditerranée is an urban renewal project underway in Marseille to create an ecodistrict in the La Joliette neighbourhood.
The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension.
The European Capitals and Cities of Sport Federation (ACES Europe) is a non-profit federation based in Brussels which has granted the awards of European Capital, City, Community and Town of Sport every year since 2001.
The European conger (Conger conger) is a species of conger of the family Congridae.
The European Democratic and Social Rally group (groupe du Rassemblement démocratique et social européen, abbreviated RDSE), formerly the Democratic and European Rally group (groupe du Rassemblement démocratique et européen), is a parliamentary group in the Senate including representatives of the Radical Party of the Left (PRG) that historically consisted of radicals of both the left and right.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
EuroPride is a pan-European international event dedicated to LGBTI pride, hosted by a different European city each year.
Eurostar is a high-speed railway service connecting London with Amsterdam, Avignon, Brussels, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Paris and Rotterdam.
The Fête de la Musique, also known as Music Day, Make Music Day or World Music Day, is an annual music celebration that takes place on 21 June.
Fernand Joseph Désiré Contandin (8 May 1903 – 26 February 1971), better known as Fernandel, was a French actor and singer.
A ferry slip is a specialized docking facility that receives a ferryboat or train ferry.
Geologically, a fjord or fiord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.
Foça is a town and district in Turkey's İzmir Province, on the Aegean coast.
Focaccia is a flat oven-baked Italian bread product similar in style and texture to pizza doughs.
La Fonky Family (often shortened to La Fonky, or La FF) are a French hip hop group from Marseille.
A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football.
Fort Saint-Jean is a fortification in Marseille, built in 1660 by Louis XIV at the entrance to the Old Port.
Fos-sur-Mer is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France.
In French cuisine, fougasse is a type of bread typically associated with Provence but found (with variations) in other regions.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The France national football team (Équipe de France de football) represents France in international football and is controlled by the French Football Federation, also known as FFF, or in Fédération française de football.
The France national rugby union team competes annually against England, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales in the Six Nations Championship.
The Franco-Ottoman alliance, also Franco-Turkish alliance, was an alliance established in 1536 between the king of France Francis I and the Turkish sultan of the Ottoman Empire Suleiman the Magnificent.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
Frédéric Mariotti (1 April 1883 – 22 February 1971) was a French stage and film actor whose career spanned more than four decades through the early silent film era into the early 1950s.
Blessed Professor Antoine-Frédéric Ozanam (April 23, 1813 – September 8, 1853) was a French Literary Scholar, Lawyer, Journalist, and an Equal Rights Advocate.
French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.
The French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF) is a communist party in France.
French hip hop is the hip hop music style which was developed in French-speaking countries.
The French municipal elections of 2014 were held on 23 March of that year with a second round of voting, where necessary, on 30 March to elect the municipal councils of France's communes.
The French Resistance (La Résistance) was the collection of French movements that fought against the Nazi German occupation of France and against the collaborationist Vichy régime during the Second World War.
The French Revolution (Révolution française) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799.
The French Riviera (known in French as the Côte d'Azur,; Còsta d'Azur; literal translation "Coast of Azure") is the Mediterranean coastline of the southeast corner of France.
The French Section of the Workers' International (Section Française de l'Internationale Ouvrière, SFIO) was a French socialist political party founded in 1905 and replaced in 1969 by the current Socialist Party (PS).
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
The Frioul archipelago is a group of four islands located off the Mediterranean coast of France, approximately from Marseille.
Marseille – Saint-Charles is the main railway station and intercity bus station of Marseille.
Garlaban is a hill which looks out to Aubagne.
Gaston Defferre (14 September 1910 – 7 May 1986) was a French Socialist politician.
Gdańsk (Danzig) is a Polish city on the Baltic coast.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
Genoa (Genova,; Zêna; English, historically, and Genua) is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy.
Georges Braque (13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) was a major 20th-century French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor.
Georges Chappe (born 5 March 1944) is a retired cyclist from France, who was nicknamed Jojo during his professional career.
Ginette Garcin (4 January 1928 – 10 June 2010) was a French actress of stage, film and television.
Glasgow (Glesga; Glaschu) is the largest city in Scotland, and third most populous in the United Kingdom.
is a dance-oriented Japanese pop band, formed in 1995 by producer and songwriter Tetsuya Komuro.
A golf course is the grounds where the game of golf is played.
The Great Plague of Marseille was the last of the significant European outbreaks of bubonic plague.
The Greeks in pre-Roman Gaul have a significant history of settlement, trade, cultural influence, and armed conflict in the Celtic territory of Gaul (modern France), starting from the 6th century BC during the Greek Archaic period.
GRIM (Groupe de recherche et d'improvisation musicales, roughly translated Group of Research and Musical Innovation), based in Marseille, France, is a non-profit institute for improvised music and experimental music.
The Gulf of Lion (French: golfe du Lion, Spanish: golfo de León, Italian: Golfo del Leone, Occitan: golf del/dau Leon, Catalan: golf del Lleó, Medieval Latin: sinus Leonis, mare Leonis, Classical Latin: sinus Gallicus) is a wide embayment of the Mediterranean coastline of Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence in France, reaching from the border with Catalonia in the west to Toulon.
Haifa (חֵיפָה; حيفا) is the third-largest city in Israel – after Jerusalem and Tel Aviv– with a population of in.
The term hake refers to fish in either of.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Hellenization or Hellenisation is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion and, to a lesser extent, language, over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC.
Henri Fabre (November 29, 1882 – June 30, 1984) was a French aviator and the inventor of the first successful seaplane, the Fabre Hydravion.
Henri Tasso (1882-1944) was a French Socialist Party politician.
Henri Tomasi (17 August 1901 – 13 January 1971) was a French classical composer and conductor.
Henri-Jacques Espérandieu (22 February 1829 - 11 November 1874) was an architect who made his career in Marseille, France.
Henry de Lumley (born 1934 in Marseille) is a French archeologist, geologist and prehistorian.
High technology, often abbreviated to high tech (adjective forms high-technology, high-tech or hi-tech) is technology that is at the cutting edge: the most advanced technology available.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion, Christendom, and the Church with its various denominations, from the 1st century to the present.
Hollywood is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California.
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
Honoré-Victorin Daumier (February 26, 1808February 10, 1879) was a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century.
The Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis was the popular name for a French army mobilized in 1823 by the Bourbon King of France, Louis XVIII to help the Spanish Royalists restore King Ferdinand VII of Spain to the absolute power of which he had been deprived during the Liberal Triennium.
IAM (pronounced as English "I am") is a French hip hop band from Marseille, formed in 1989, and composed of Akhenaton (Philippe Fragione), Shurik'n (Geoffroy Mussard), Khéops (Eric Mazel), Imhotep (Pascal Perez), and Kephren (François Mendy).
An independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual politician not affiliated with any political party.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (Inserm) is the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research.
The French Research Institute for Development (Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, IRD) is a French science and technology establishment under the joint supervision of the French Ministries of Higher Education and Research and Foreign Affairs.
The Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA, pronounced; English: National Institute of Agricultural Research) is a French public research institute dedicated to agricultural science.
Intercités de Nuit is a brand name used by France’s national railway company, SNCF, to denote nightly passenger rail services in France.
InterContinental Hotels & Resorts has over 180 hotels, located in more than 60 countries across the globe.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
Istanbul (or or; İstanbul), historically known as Constantinople and Byzantium, is the most populous city in Turkey and the country's economic, cultural, and historic center.
The Italianate style of architecture was a distinct 19th-century phase in the history of Classical architecture.
The Jardin botanique E.M. Heckel (12,000 m²), also known as the Jardin botanique de Marseille and the Jardin botanique Borély de Marseille, is a municipal botanical garden in the Parc Borély at 48, Avenue Clot Bey, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France.
Jean Cristofol (1901–1957) was a French Communist politician.
Jean-Baptiste Benoît Eyriès (24 June 176713 June 1846) was a French geographer, author and translator, best remembered in the English speaking world for his translation of German ghost stories Fantasmagoriana, published anonymously in 1812, which inspired Mary Shelley and John William Polidori to write Frankenstein and The Vampyre respectively.
Jean-Claude Gaudin (born 8 October 1939) is a French politician for The Republicans.
Jean-Claude Izzo (Marseille 20 June 1945 – Marseille 26 January 2000) was a French poet, playwright, screenwriter, and novelist who achieved sudden fame in the mid-1990s with the publication of his three neo-noir crime novels Total Chaos, Chourmo, and Solea (widely known as the), featuring as protagonist ex-cop Fabio Montale, and set in the author's native city of Marseille.
Jean-Henri Gourgaud (15 November 1746 – 19 October 1809) was a French actor under the stage name Dugazon, the son of Pierre-Antoine Gourgaud, the director of military hospitals there and also an actor.
Jean-Pierre Louis Rampal (7 January 1922 – 20 May 2000) was a French flautist.
Jean-Pierre Ricard (born 26 September 1944) is a French cardinal of the Roman Catholic church and archbishop of Bordeaux and Bazas.
Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
Jessica Esther "Jess" Fox (born 11 June 1994) is a French-born, Australian world champion slalom canoeist who has competed at the international level since 2008.
Jeux d'eau (Italian giochi d'acqua) or "water games", is an umbrella term in the history of gardens for the "water features" that were introduced into mid-16th century Mannerist Italian gardens.
Jose Mascarel (April 18, 1816 – October 6, 1899) was a 19th−century sea captain, California landowner, investor, baker, and vintner; and a mayor of Los Angeles, California.
Joseph Autran (20 June 1813 – 6 March 1877) was a French poet.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
KEDGE Business School is a French business school and grande école.
Keny Arkana (born 20 December 1982 in Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris) is an Argentine-French rapper who is active in the alter-globalization and civil disobedience movements.
Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia and in 2013 was the European Capital of Culture (together with Marseille, France).
is the sixth-largest city in Japan and the capital city of Hyōgo Prefecture.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
L'Estaque is a village in southern France, just west of Marseille.
La Ciotat is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
La Friche de la Belle de Mai or La Friche (English: The Fallow; The Wasteland) is a former tobacco factory near the Saint-Charles station in Marseille, France in the neighbourhood of Belle de Mai.
"La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France.
La Vieille Charité is a former almshouse, now functioning as a museum and cultural centre, situated in the heart of the old Panier quarter of Marseille in the south of France.
Léon Vaudoyer (7 June 1803 – 9 February 1872) was a French architect.
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret (6 October 1887 – 27 August 1965), known as Le Corbusier, was a Swiss-French architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, and one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture.
Le Pétomane was the stage name of the French flatulist (professional farter) and entertainer Joseph Pujol (June 1, 1857 – 1945).
The Legion of Honour, with its full name National Order of the Legion of Honour (Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur), is the highest French order of merit for military and civil merits, established in 1802 by Napoléon Bonaparte and retained by all the divergent governments and regimes later holding power in France, up to the present.
LGBT, or GLBT, is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.
Liberal Democracy (Démocratie Libérale, DL) was a conservative-liberal political party in France existing between 1997 and 2002.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Limassol (Λεμεσός; Limasol or Leymosun) is a city on the southern coast of Cyprus and capital of the eponymous district.
Numbers in thousand TEU's, Ranks for 2016 There are a number of other major ports on the Mediterranean and the Baltic with levels of container traffic which would place them in the Top 20 table above, but they are omitted since they are located in countries which do not contribute to the Eurostat statistics from which the table has been produced.
A caricaturist is an artist who specializes in drawing caricatures.
This is a list of cities and/or their metropolitan areas in the world by GDP.
Below is a list of communes in France (Overseas departments included) with a population over 20,000 at the 2013 census.
Marseille has been the setting for many films, produced mostly in France or Hollywood.
The land of Provence has a history quite separate from that of any of the larger nations of Europe.
There are dozens of commonly played sports that involve water.
Lomé, with a population of 837,437 (metro population 1,570,283), is the capital and largest city of Togo.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
Members of the genus Lophius, also sometimes called monkfish, fishing-frogs, frog-fish, and sea-devils, are various species of lophiid anglerfishes found in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Jean Louis Barthou (25 August 1862 – 9 October 1934) was a French politician of the Third Republic who served as Prime Minister of France for eight months in 1913.
Louis Jourdan (born Louis Robert Gendre; 19 June 1921 – 14 February 2015) was a French film and television actor.
Louis Nattero (Louis Alexandre Marie) (16 October 1870 – 10 November 1915 in Marseilles) was a French painter.
Lucien Petipa (December 22, 1815 – July 7, 1898) was a French ballet dancer in the early 19th century (Romantic period), who was the brother of Marius Petipa, the famous ballet master of the Russian Imperial Ballet.
Lyon (Liyon), is the third-largest city and second-largest urban area of France.
Mary Frances Kennedy Fisher (July 3, 1908 – June 22, 1992) was a preeminent American food writer.
Maghrebis or Maghrebians are the native inhabitants of the Maghreb in Northwest Africa.
The Majoidea are a superfamily of crabs which includes the various spider crabs.
Manchester United Football Club is a professional football club based in Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, that competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Marcel Pagnol (28 February 1895 – 18 April 1974) was a French novelist, playwright, and filmmaker.
Marie-Madeleine Fourcade (1909, Marseille - 1989) was the leader of the French Resistance network "Alliance", under the code name "Hérisson" ("Hedgehog") after the arrest of its former leader, Georges Loustaunau-Lacau, during the occupation of France in the Second World War.
Marignane is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.
Marius Ivanovich Petipa (Russian: Ма́риус Ива́нович Петипа́), born Victor Marius Alphonse Petipa (11 March 1818) was a French and Russian ballet dancer, pedagogue and choreographer.
Marrakesh (or; مراكش Murrākuš; ⴰⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ Meṛṛakec), also known by the French spelling Marrakech, is a major city of the Kingdom of Morocco.
Marsatac is a Music Festival of electronic music taking place at the end of September each year, in Marseille, France.
Marseille is a French drama web television series created by Dan Franck starring Gérard Depardieu.
Marseille Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure de Marseille or Cathédrale de la Major) is a Roman Catholic cathedral, and a national monument of France, located in Marseille.
The Marseille History Museum (French: Musée d'Histoire de Marseille) is the local historical and archaeological museum of Marseille in France.
The Marseille Metro (Métro de Marseille) is a metro/rapid transit system serving the city of Marseille, in southern France.
The Marseille Naval Fire Battalion (Bataillon de marins-pompiers de Marseille, or BMPM), is the fire and rescue service for the city of Marseille.
Marseille Provence Airport or Aéroport de Marseille Provence is an international airport located 27 km (17 miles) northwest of Marseille, on the territory of Marignane, both communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône département in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région of France.
Marseille soap or Savon de Marseille is a traditional hard soap made from vegetable oils that has been produced around Marseille, France, for about 600 years.
The Marseille tramway (Tramway de Marseille) is a tramway system in the French city of Marseille in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Marseille XIII is a French rugby league club from the town of Marseille.
The Marseille-Cassis Classique Internationale is an annual half marathon which follows a course from Marseille to Cassis in France during the last weekend in October.
Marseille Fos Port (French: Grand port maritime de Marseille, or Great Seaport of Marseille) is the main trade seaport of France.
Marseille-Provence 2013 or MP2013 was the year-long series of cultural events that took place in Marseille, France and the surrounding area to celebrate the territory’s designation as the European Capital of Culture for 2013.
Massilia Sound System is a reggae band formed in Marseille, France in 1984.
Mathieu Flamini (born 7 March 1984) is a French professional footballer and environmental entrepreneur who plays as a midfielder for Spanish club Getafe.
Maurice Béjart (1 January 1927 – 22 November 2007) was a French-born dancer, choreographer and opera director who ran the Béjart Ballet Lausanne in Switzerland.
Météo-France is the French national meteorological service.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by rainy winters and dry summers.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
Meknes (məknas; amknas; Meknès) is one of the four Imperial cities of Morocco, located in northern central Morocco and the sixth largest city by population in the kingdom.
The melting pot is a monocultural metaphor for a heterogeneous society becoming more homogeneous, the different elements "melting together" into a harmonious whole with a common culture or vice versa, for a homogeneous society becoming more heterogeneous through the influx of foreign elements with different cultural background with a potential creation of disharmony with the previous culture.
Metropolitan France (France métropolitaine or la Métropole), also known as European France or Mainland France, is the part of France in Europe.
Michel Carlini (1889, Marseille – 1955) was a French politician.
Miscellaneous left (divers gauche, DVG) in France refers to left-wing candidates who are not members of a large party.
The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (OMI) is a missionary religious congregation in the Catholic Church.
The mistral (Mestral, Μαΐστρος, Maestrale, Corsican: Maestral) is a strong, cold, northwesterly wind that blows from southern France into the Gulf of Lion in the northern Mediterranean, with sustained winds often exceeding, sometimes reaching.
Le Mondial la Marseillaise à Pétanque is an international tournament of pétanque.
Montagne Sainte-Victoire — in Provençal Venturi / Santa Venturi according to classical orthography and Ventùri / Santo Ventùri according to Mistralian orthography — is a limestone mountain ridge in the south of France which extends over between the départements of Bouches-du-Rhône and Var.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montpellier (Montpelhièr) is a city in southern France.
A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground.
The mullets or grey mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and some species in fresh water.
In France, a municipal arrondissement is a subdivision of the commune, and is used in the country's three largest cities: Paris, Lyon and Marseille.
The Musée Cantini is a museum in Marseilles that has been open to the public since 1936.
The Musée des beaux-arts de Marseille is one of the main museums in the city of Marseille, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.
The Musée Grobet-Labadié is a museum in Marseilles, housed in a 19th-century hôtel particulier owned by the family whose collection it displays.
The Muséum d’histoire naturel de Marseille, also known in English as the Natural History Museum of Marseille, is one of the most visited natural history museums in France.
The Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilisations (MuCEM; French: Musée des Civilisations de l'Europe et de la Méditerranée) is a national museum located in Marseille, France.
Music hall is a type of British theatrical entertainment that was popular from the early Victorian era circa 1850 and lasting until 1960.
The music of Japan includes a wide array of performers in distinct styles both traditional and modern.
A musical instrument is an instrument created or adapted to make musical sounds.
Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve molluscs, from saltwater and freshwater habitats.
Myriam Fox-Jerusalmi (born 24 October 1961 in Marseilles) is a French slalom canoeist who competed at the international level from 1979 to 1996.
Nantes (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt) is a city in western France on the Loire River, from the Atlantic coast.
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
The National Rally (Rassemblement national, RN), formerly known as the National Front (Front national,; FN) until 2018, is a right-wing populist and nationalist political party in France.
In the Christian tradition, a nativity scene (also known as a manger scene, crib, crèche (or, or in Italian presepio or presepe) is the special exhibition, particularly during the Christmas season, of art objects representing the birth of Jesus.Berliner, R. The Origins of the Creche. Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 30 (1946), p. 251. While the term "nativity scene" may be used of any representation of the very common subject of the Nativity of Jesus in art, it has a more specialized sense referring to seasonal displays, either using model figures in a setting or reenactments called "living nativity scenes" (tableau vivant) in which real humans and animals participate. Nativity scenes exhibit figures representing the infant Jesus, his mother, Mary, and her husband, Joseph. Other characters from the nativity story, such as shepherds, sheep, and angels may be displayed near the manger in a barn (or cave) intended to accommodate farm animals, as described in the Gospel of Luke. A donkey and an ox are typically depicted in the scene, and the Magi and their camels, described in the Gospel of Matthew, are also included. Several cultures add other characters and objects that may or may not be Biblical. Saint Francis of Assisi is credited with creating the first live nativity scene in 1223 in order to cultivate the worship of Christ. He himself had recently been inspired by his visit to the Holy Land, where he'd been shown Jesus's traditional birthplace. The scene's popularity inspired communities throughout Catholic countries to stage similar pantomimes. Distinctive nativity scenes and traditions have been created around the world, and are displayed during the Christmas season in churches, homes, shopping malls, and other venues, and occasionally on public lands and in public buildings. Nativity scenes have not escaped controversy, and in the United States their inclusion on public lands or in public buildings has provoked court challenges.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes) is a city in the Occitanie region of southern France.
A newspaper is a periodical publication containing written information about current events.
Nice (Niçard Niça, classical norm, or Nissa, nonstandard,; Nizza; Νίκαια; Nicaea) is the fifth most populous city in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes département.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Notre-Dame de la Garde (literally: Our Lady of the Guard) is a Catholic basilica in Marseille, France, and the city's best-known symbol.
Odessa (Оде́са; Оде́сса; אַדעס) is the third most populous city of Ukraine and a major tourism center, seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
The Old Port of Marseille (French: Vieux-Port de Marseille) is at the end of the Canebière, the major street of Marseille.
Olympique de Marseille, also known as l'OM or simply Marseille, is a French football club in Marseille.
L’Opéra de Marseille, known today as the Opéra Municipal, is an opera company located in Marseille, France.
An opera house is a theatre building used for opera performances that consists of a stage, an orchestra pit, audience seating, and backstage facilities for costumes and set building.
The Optimates (optimates, "best ones", singular; also known as boni, "good men") were the traditionalist Senatorial majority of the late Roman Republic.
Pablo Ruiz Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet and playwright who spent most of his adult life in France.
The Palais du Pharo is a palace in Marseille, France.
The Palais Longchamp is a monument in the 4th arrondissement of Marseille, France.
Parc Borély is a public municipal park in the city of Marseille, in France.
The Parc du 26e Centenaire (English: 26th century Park) is a public park located in the 8th arrondissement of Marseille, France.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
A parish church (or parochial church) in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish.
Pastis is an anise-flavoured spirit and apéritif from France, typically containing less than 100 g/l sugar and 40–45% ABV (alcohol by volume).
Patrick Fiori (born Patrick Jean-François Chouchayan on 23 September 1969 in Marseille, France) is a French singer.
Paul Cézanne (or;; 19 January 1839 – 22 October 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century.
Paul Cézanne University (also referred to as Paul Cézanne University Aix-Marseille III) (French: Université Paul Cézanne Aix-Marseille III) was a public research university based in the heart of Provence (South East of France), in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille.
Paul Mauriat (or; 4 March 1925 – 3 November 2006) was a French orchestra leader, conductor of Le Grand Orchestre de Paul Mauriat, who specialized in the easy listening genre.
Pavlos Melas (Παύλος Μελάς, Pávlos Melás; March 29, 1870 – October 13, 1904) was an officer of the Hellenic Army, and he was among the first who organized and participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
Pétanque (petanca) is a sport that falls into the category of boules sports, along with Raffa, bocce, boule lyonnaise, lawn bowls and crown green bowling.
In Hellenistic Greek and Roman architecture a peristyle (from Greek περίστυλος) is a continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of building or a courtyard.
Pesto, sometimes spelled as pasto or to refer to the original dish pesto alla genovese, is a sauce originating in Genoa, the capital city of Liguria, Italy.
Gaius Petronius Arbiter (c. 27 – 66 AD) was a Roman courtier during the reign of Nero.
Philippe Echaroux (born 1983) is a French photographer and street artist.
Phocaea, or Phokaia (Ancient Greek: Φώκαια, Phókaia; modern-day Foça in Turkey) was an ancient Ionian Greek city on the western coast of Anatolia.
Pied-Noir ("Black-Foot"), plural Pieds-Noirs, is a term primarily referring to people of European, mostly ethnic French origin, who were born in Algeria during the period of French rule from 1830 to 1962.
Pieds paquets or pied et paquets (literally, feet packet or feet and packages in French) is a local dish and culinary specialty of Marseille and Sisteron but also commonly found in much of Southeastern France.
Pierre Demours (1702 – June 26, 1795) was a French physician, zoologist and translator.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, commonly known as Auguste Renoir (25 February 1841 – 3 December 1919), was a French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style.
Piraeus (Πειραιάς Pireás, Πειραιεύς, Peiraieús) is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece.
Pistou (Provençal: pisto (classical) or pistou (Mistralian)), or pistou sauce, is a Provençal cold sauce made from cloves of garlic, fresh basil, and olive oil.
Plus belle la vie is a French television soap opera based on an idea by Hubert Besson and characters created by Georges Desmouceaux, Bénédicte Achard, Magaly Richard-Serrano and Olivier Szulzynger.
Polis (πόλις), plural poleis (πόλεις), literally means city in Greek.
Porte d'Aix (also known as the Porte Royale) is a triumphal arch in Marseille, in the south of France, marking the old entry point to the city on the road from Aix-en-Provence.
Power boating describes activities performed in a motorized boat.
A prefecture (préfecture) in France may refer to.
The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple is an early episode in the life of Jesus, describing his presentation at the Temple in Jerusalem in order to officially induct him into Judaism, that is celebrated by many Christian Churches on the holiday of Candlemas.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
The Progressive Republicans (Républicains progressistes) were a parliamentary group in France active during the late 19th century, during the Third French Republic.
Provençal (Provençau or Prouvençau) is a variety of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France, mostly in Provence.
Provence (Provençal: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) is a geographical region and historical province of southeastern France, which extends from the left bank of the lower Rhône River to the west to the Italian border to the east, and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur; Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra; PACA) is one of the 18 administrative regions of France.
Psy 4 de la Rime are a French hip hop group formed 1992 in Marseille comprising several rappers with immigrant backgrounds from former French colonies.
Public transport bus services are generally based on regular operation of transit buses along a route calling at agreed bus stops according to a published public transport timetable.
Pytheas of Massalia (Ancient Greek: Πυθέας ὁ Μασσαλιώτης Pythéas ho Massaliōtēs; Latin: Pytheas Massiliensis; fl. 4th century BC), was a Greek geographer and explorer from the Greek colony of Massalia (modern-day Marseille).
A quartiere (plural: quartieri) is a territorial subdivision of certain Italian towns.
Rabat (الرِّبَاط,; ⴰⵕⴱⴰⵟ) is the capital city of Morocco and its third largest city with an urban population of approximately 580,000 (2014) and a metropolitan population of over 1.2 million.
The Radical Party (Parti radical, also Parti radical valoisien, abbreviated to Rad.) was a liberal and social-liberal political party in France.
Raggamuffin music, usually abbreviated as ragga, is a subgenre of dancehall and reggae music, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music.
The Rally of the French People (French Rassemblement du Peuple Français or RPF) was a French political party, led by Charles de Gaulle.
Raoul Dufy (3 June 1877 – 23 March 1953) was a French Fauvist painter, brother of Jean Dufy.
Régine Crespin (23 February 1927 – 5 July 2007) was a French singer who had a major international career in opera and on the concert stage between 1950 and 1989.
Rémy Di Gregorio (born 31 July 1985) is a French road bicycle racer, currently riding for UCI Professional Continental team.
Real estate development, or property development, is a business process, encompassing activities that range from the renovation and re-lease of existing buildings to the purchase of raw land and the sale of developed land or parcels to others.
France is divided into 18 administrative regions (région), including 13 metropolitan regions and 5 overseas regions.
René of Anjou (Rainièr d'Anjau; René d'Anjou; 1409–1480), also known as René I of Naples (Renato I di Napoli) and Good King René (Rai Rainièr lo Bòn; Le bon roi René), was count of Piedmont, Duke of Bar (1430–80), Duke of Lorraine (1431–53), Duke of Anjou, Count of Provence (1434–80), King of Naples (1435–42; titular 1442–80), titular King of Jerusalem (1438–80) and Aragon including Sicily, Majorca and Corsica (1466–70).
The Independents (Indépendants) and later Republican Independents (Indépendants républicains, IR) was a French parliamentary group in the Chamber of Deputies of France during the French Third Republic between 1928 and 1940.
The Rhône (Le Rhône; Rhone; Walliser German: Rotten; Rodano; Rôno; Ròse) is one of the major rivers of Europe and has twice the average discharge of the Loire (which is the longest French river), rising in the Rhône Glacier in the Swiss Alps at the far eastern end of the Swiss canton of Valais, passing through Lake Geneva and running through southeastern France.
A river delta is a landform that forms from deposition of sediment carried by a river as the flow leaves its mouth and enters slower-moving or stagnant water.
Robert Vigouroux (21 March 1923 – 9 July 2017) was a French politician and writer.
Roland Petit (13 January 192410 July 2011) was a French ballet company director, choreographer and dancer.
Romain Barnier (born May 10, 1976 in Marseille) is a freestyle swimmer from France, who won the bronze medal in the 100 m freestyle at the European Short Course Swimming Championships 2001.
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Calcutta (Archidioecesis Calcuttensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in India.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Marseille (Latin: Archidioecesis Massiliensis; French: Archidiocèse de Marseille) is a metropolitan archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.
The Roman Republic (Res publica Romana) was the era of classical Roman civilization beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
Rouille (French 'rust') is a sauce that consists of olive oil with breadcrumbs, garlic, saffron and cayenne pepper.
Rudy Ricciotti (born 1952) is a French architect and publisher.
Marseille Vitrolles Rugby is a French rugby union club based in Marseille and currently competing in Fédérale 1, the semi-professional top level of the French amateur league system.
Sabin Berthelot (4 April 1794 – 10 November 1880) was a French naturalist and ethnologist.
Alexandre Joseph Sosnowsky, (1937 – 3 December 2013), better known by the name Sacha Sosno, was an internationally renowned French sculptor and painter.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
Saint Lawrence or Laurence (Laurentius, lit. "laurelled"; 31 December AD 225Citing St. Donato as the original source. Janice Bennett. St. Laurence and the Holy Grail: The Story of the Holy Chalice of Valencia. Littleton, Colorado: Libri de Hispania, 2002. Page 61. – 10 August 258) was one of the seven deacons of the city of Rome, Italy, under Pope Sixtus II who were martyred in the persecution of the Christians that the Roman Emperor Valerian ordered in 258.
Saint Nicholas (Ἅγιος Νικόλαος,, Sanctus Nicolaus; 15 March 270 – 6 December 343), also called Nikolaos of Myra or Nicholas of Bari, was Bishop of Myra, in Asia Minor (modern-day Demre, Turkey), and is a historic Christian saint.
Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).
The Sainte-Baume (en provençal:Massís de la Santa Bauma according to classical orthography and La Santo Baumo according to mistralian orthography) is a mountain ridge spreading between the départements of Bouches-du-Rhône and Var in southern France.
Santons (Provençal: "santoun," or "little saint") are small hand-painted terracotta nativity scene figurines produced in the Provence region of southeastern France.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
Sébastien René Grosjean (born 29 May 1978) is a retired tennis player from France.
Scorpaena scrofa, common name the red scorpionfish, Bigscale scorpionfish, or large-scaled scorpion fish is a venomous marine species of fish in the family Scorpaenidae, the "scorpionfish".
Sea urchins or urchins are typically spiny, globular animals, echinoderms in the class Echinoidea.
A seaplane is a powered fixed-wing aircraft capable of taking off and landing (alighting) on water.
In local government, a city hall, town hall, civic centre, (in the UK or Australia) a guildhall, a Rathaus (German), or (more rarely) a municipal building, is the chief administrative building of a city, town, or other municipality.
The French Second Empire (Second Empire) was the Imperial Bonapartist regime of Napoleon III from 1852 to 1870, between the Second Republic and the Third Republic, in France.
The Second Punic War (218 to 201 BC), also referred to as The Hannibalic War and by the Romans the War Against Hannibal, was the second major war between Carthage and the Roman Republic and its allied Italic socii, with the participation of Greek polities and Numidian and Iberian forces on both sides.
Shanghai (Wu Chinese) is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China and the most populous city proper in the world, with a population of more than 24 million.
The Siege and naval Battle of Massilia was an episode of Caesar's civil war, fought in 49 BC.
Simon Sabiani (1888 in Casamaccioli, Corsica, France – 1956 in Barcelona, Spain) was a French businessman and politician.
Sirocco, scirocco,, jugo or, rarely, siroc (Xaloc; Sciroccu; Σορόκος; Siroco; Siròc, Eisseròc; Jugo, literally southerly; Libyan Arabic: Ghibli; Egypt: khamsin; Tunisia: ch'hilli) is a Mediterranean wind that comes from the Sahara and can reach hurricane speeds in North Africa and Southern Europe, especially during the summer season.
Twin towns or sister cities are a form of legal or social agreement between towns, cities, counties, oblasts, prefectures, provinces, regions, states, and even countries in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs, also small and medium enterprises) or small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) are businesses whose personnel numbers fall below certain limits.
The Socialist Party (Parti socialiste, PS) is a social-democratic political party in France, and the largest party of the French centre-left.
A songwriter is a professional who is paid to write lyrics for singers and melodies for songs, typically for a popular music genre such as rock or country music.
Saïd M'Roumbaba (born 14 January 1979 in Marseille, France), better known by his stage name Soprano, is a French singer and rapper of Comorian descent.
The Stade Vélodrome, known for sponsorship reasons as the Orange Vélodrome, is a multi-purpose stadium in Marseille, France.
Strasbourg (Alsatian: Strossburi; Straßburg) is the capital and largest city of the Grand Est region of France and is the official seat of the European Parliament.
Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.
Tapenade (tapenada) is a Provençal name for a dish consisting of puréed or finely-chopped olives, capers, and olive oil.
The tarot (first known as trionfi and later as tarocchi, tarock, and others) is a pack of playing cards, used from the mid-15th century in various parts of Europe to play games such as Italian tarocchini and French tarot.
The Tarot of Marseilles or Tarot of Marseille, also widely known by the French designation Tarot de Marseille, is one of the standard patterns for the design of tarot cards.
A téléroman ("telenovel") is a genre of French-language drama television series in Canada, similar to a soap opera or a Spanish language telenovela.
Technopole refers to a center of high-tech manufacturing and information-based quaternary industry.
The tertiary sector or service sector is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
The Count of Monte Cristo (Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel by French author Alexandre Dumas (père) completed in 1844.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Republicans (Les Républicains; LR) is a centre-right political party in France.
Thessaloniki (Θεσσαλονίκη, Thessaloníki), also familiarly known as Thessalonica, Salonica, or Salonika is the second-largest city in Greece, with over 1 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area, and the capital of Greek Macedonia, the administrative region of Central Macedonia and the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace.
Tirana (—; Tiranë; Tirona) is the capital and most populous city of Albania.
Toulon (Provençal: Tolon (classical norm), Touloun (Mistralian norm)) is a city in southern France and a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with a major French naval base.
Toulouse (Tolosa, Tolosa) is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie.
A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse part of any building, which lies across the main body of the edifice.
The Triglidae, commonly known as sea robins or gurnard, are a family of bottom-feeding scorpaeniform fish.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
A triumphal arch is a monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
The turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) is a species of flatfish in the family Scophthalmidae.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Turkish people or the Turks (Türkler), also known as Anatolian Turks (Anadolu Türkleri), are a Turkic ethnic group and nation living mainly in Turkey and speaking Turkish, the most widely spoken Turkic language.
The twenty-foot equivalent unit (often TEU or teu) is an inexact unit of cargo capacity often used to describe the capacity of container ships and container terminals.
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs.
The 2016 UEFA European Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2016 or simply Euro 2016, was the 15th UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international men's football championship of Europe organised by UEFA.
The UEFA Europa League is an annual football club competition organised by UEFA since 1971 for eligible European football clubs.
The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire; UMP) was a centre-right political party in France that was one of the two major contemporary political parties in France along with the centre-left Socialist Party (PS).
The Unité d'habitation (Housing Unit) is a modernist residential housing design principle developed by Le Corbusier, with the collaboration of painter-architect Nadir Afonso.
The University of Provence Aix-Marseille I was a public university mostly located in Aix-en-Provence and Marseille.
The University of the Mediterranean Aix-Marseille II was a French university in the Academy of Aix and Marseille.
An aire urbaine (literal and official translation: "urban area") is an INSEE (France's national statistics bureau) statistical concept describing a core of urban development and the extent of its commuter activity.
Valparaíso is a major city, seaport, and educational center in the commune of Valparaíso, Chile.
Variety shows, also known as variety arts or variety entertainment, is entertainment made up of a variety of acts including musical performances, sketch comedy, magic, acrobatics, juggling, and ventriloquism.
Varna (Варна, Varna) is the third-largest city in Bulgaria and the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
The velvet crab (alternatively velvet swimming crab, devil crab or lady crab), Necora puber, is a species of crab.
Victor Maurel (17 June 184822 October 1923) was a French operatic baritone who enjoyed an international reputation as a great singing actor.
The Vietnamese people or the Kinh people (người Việt or người Kinh), are an ethnic group originating from present-day northern Vietnam.
Vincent Scotto (April 21, 1874 – November 15, 1952) was a French composer.
The Visigoths (Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi; Visigoti) were the western branches of the nomadic tribes of Germanic peoples referred to collectively as the Goths.
A votive candle or prayer candle is a small candle, typically white or beeswax yellow, intended to be burnt as a votive offering in an act of Christian prayer, especially within the Anglican and Roman Catholic Christian denominations, among others.
The Wehrmacht (lit. "defence force")From wehren, "to defend" and Macht., "power, force".
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
Windsurfing is a surface water sport that combines elements of surfing and sailing.
A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an aesthetic physical item or artistic creation.
The World Match Racing Tour is an annual match racing tour and World Championship in the match racing event of sailing.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The World Water Forum is an event focusing on perceived issues surrounding water.
Yerevan (Երևան, sometimes spelled Erevan) is the capital and largest city of Armenia as well as one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities.
Zinedine Yazid Zidane (born 23 June 1972), nicknamed "Zizou", is a French professional football coach and former player who last managed Real Madrid.
René-Charles "Zino" Francescatti (August 9, 1902 - September 17, 1991) was a French virtuoso violinist.
The 13th arrondissement of Marseille is one of the 16 arrondissements of Marseille.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams.
The 2007 Rugby World Cup was the sixth Rugby World Cup, a quadrennial international rugby union competition inaugurated in 1987.
The 6th arrondissement of Marseille is one of the 16 arrondissements of Marseille.
The 7th arrondissement of Marseille is one of the 16 arrondissements of Marseille, France.
The 8th arrondissement of Marseille is one of the 16 arrondissements of Marseille, France.
The 9th arrondissement of Marseille is one of 16 districts or arrondissement of Marseille.
1st sector of Marseille, 2nd sector of Marseille, 3rd sector of Marseille, 4th sector of Marseille, 5th sector of Marseille, 6th sector of Marseille, 7th sector of Marseille, 8th sector of Marseille, Bay of Marseille, City of Marseille, Geography of Marseille, Marsaille, Marsailles, Marseillais, Marseille (France), Marseille, France, Marseilles, Marseilles, France, Marselha, Marsielle, Marsielles, Marsiglia, Massaliotes, Massilia, Massilian, Massilians, The weather in Marseille, The weather in Marseilles, UN/LOCODE:FRMRS.