225 relations: Adam Smith, Age of majority, Alan Nussbaum, Alcibiades, Alison Jaggar, Allan Bloom, Amartya Sen, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Association, American Philosophical Society, American philosophy, Analytic philosophy, Ancient Greek philosophy, Andrea Dworkin, Animal, Animal rights, Anti-discrimination law, Antisemitism, Aristotle, Association of American Colleges and Universities, Autonomy, École normale supérieure (Paris), Bachelor of Arts, Baldwin School, Bar and Bat Mitzvah, Barnard College, BBC Radio 4, Beauty, Belgium, Bernard Knox, Bielefeld University, Bill Moyers, Bloomsbury Group, Boston Review, British Academy, Brown University, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, Bucknell University, C-SPAN, California Proposition 8 (2008), Cambridge University Press, Camille Paglia, Canada, Capability approach, Catharine MacKinnon, Chinese culture, Cicero, Classics, Colgate University, College of William & Mary, ..., Concordia College (Moorhead, Minnesota), Consent, Conversion to Judaism, Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences, Cynicism (philosophy), Deconstruction, Democracy, Diogenes, Diotima of Mantinea, Disgust, Diversity (politics), Doctor of Philosophy, Donald Davidson (philosopher), Egalitarianism, Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal, Emory University, Equality before the law, Ernst Freund, Ethical dilemma, Ethical egoism, Ethics, Eudaimonia, Female genital mutilation, Feminism, Foreign Policy, FP Top 100 Global Thinkers, France, Frances Stewart (economist), From Disgust to Humanity, Fungibility, George Will, Georgetown University, Global justice, Grawemeyer Award, Grinnell College, Gwilym Ellis Lane Owen, Haftarah, Harm principle, Harvard Society of Fellows, Harvard University, Harvey Mansfield, Hetaira, Hierarchy, Hilary Putnam, Homosexuality, Human Development and Capability Association, Human sexuality, Humanities, Humiliation, Hyde Park, Chicago, Immanuel Kant, Individualism, Inside Higher Ed, Instrumental and value rationality, International Institute of Social Studies, Israel, Jacques Derrida, Jefferson Lecture, Jews, John Locke Lectures, John Rawls, John Stuart Mill, Judith Butler, Justice, KAM Isaiah Israel, Kenyon College, Knox College (Illinois), KU Leuven, Kyoto Prize, Laurie Taylor (sociologist), Lawrence University, Lawrence v. Texas, Leon Kass, Liberal education, Liberalism, Liberty, Lingua Franca (magazine), List of American philosophers, List of women philosophers, Master of Arts, Michel Foucault, Moral psychology, Moral universalism, Mount Holyoke College, Multiculturalism, Narcissism, National Endowment for the Humanities, Netherlands, New York City, New York University, Noam Chomsky, Normative, North American Society for Social Philosophy, Northern Ireland, Objectification, Ohio State University, Parashah, Paris, Patriarchy, Patrick Devlin, Baron Devlin, PEN/Diamonstein-Spielvogel Award for the Art of the Essay, Perjury, Philosopher, Plato, Platonism, Playwright, Political philosophy, Political science, Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, Pornography, Postmodern philosophy, Privacy, Prospect (magazine), Prostitution, Psychological projection, Public policy, Public service, Puritans, Queen's University Belfast, Racism, Reason, Reason (magazine), Richard Posner, Robert P. George, Roger Kimball, Roman philosophy, Romer v. Evans, Salon (website), Scotland, Sex-positive feminism, Sexism, Sexual orientation, Shame, Simon Fraser University, Social justice, Social stratification, South Africa, Stoicism, Subjectivity, Susan Moller Okin, Symposium (Plato), The American Spectator, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, The Boston Globe, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The Guardian, The New Criterion, The New Republic, The New School, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, Theatre, Theory of forms, Torah, Tragedy, Truth, University of Antioquia, University of Chicago, University of Chicago Law Review, University of Chicago Law School, University of Edinburgh, University of Haifa, University of Louisville, University of North Carolina at Asheville, University of St Andrews, University of the Free State, University of Toronto, Vanderbilt University, Wabash College, Washington, D.C., White Anglo-Saxon Protestant, Willard Van Orman Quine, Williams College, Wisdom of repugnance, Wolfenden report. Expand index (175 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as recognized or declared in law.
Alan Jeffrey "Jerry" Nussbaum (born December 17, 1947) is an American linguist of the Indo-European languages and a classical philologist, best known for his work on the language of the Homeric epics and modern and Proto-Indo-European nominals.
Alcibiades, son of Cleinias, from the deme of Scambonidae (Greek: Ἀλκιβιάδης Κλεινίου Σκαμβωνίδης, transliterated Alkibiádēs Kleiníou Skambōnídēs; c. 450–404 BC), was a prominent Athenian statesman, orator, and general.
Alison Mary Jaggar (born September 23, 1942) is an American feminist philosopher born in England.
Allan David Bloom (September 14, 1930 – October 7, 1992) was an American philosopher, classicist, and academician.
Amartya Kumar Sen, CH, FBA (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher, who since 1972 has taught and worked in India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences is one of the oldest learned societies in the United States of America.
The American Philosophical Association (APA) is the main professional organization for philosophers in the United States.
The American Philosophical Society (APS), founded in 1743 and located in Philadelphia, is an eminent scholarly organization of international reputation that promotes useful knowledge in the sciences and humanities through excellence in scholarly research, professional meetings, publications, library resources, and community outreach.
American philosophy is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States.
Analytic philosophy (sometimes analytical philosophy) is a style of philosophy that became dominant in the Western world at the beginning of the 20th century.
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire.
Andrea Rita Dworkin (September 26, 1946 – April 9, 2005) was an American radical feminist and writer best known for her criticism of pornography, which she argued was linked to rape and other forms of violence against women.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Animal rights is the idea in which some, or all, non-human animals are entitled to the possession of their own lives and that their most basic interests—such as the need to avoid suffering—should be afforded the same consideration as similar interests of human beings.
Anti-discrimination law refers to the law on the right of people to be treated equally.
Antisemitism (also spelled anti-Semitism or anti-semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
The Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) is a national association headquartered in Washington, D.C, United States.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
The École normale supérieure (also known as Normale sup', Ulm, ENS Paris, l'École and most often just as ENS) is one of the most selective and prestigious French grandes écoles (higher education establishment outside the framework of the public university system) and a constituent college of Université PSL.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
The Baldwin School is an American all-girls independent school located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania in Greater Philadelphia.
Bar Mitzvah (בַּר מִצְוָה) is a Jewish coming of age ritual for boys.
Barnard College is a private women's liberal arts college in New York City, New York, United States.
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, drama, comedy, science and history.
Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Bernard MacGregor Walker Knox (November 24, 1914 – July 22, 2010Wolfgang Saxon,, New York Times, August 16, 2010.
Bielefeld University (Universität Bielefeld) is a university in Bielefeld, Germany.
Billy Don Moyers (born June 5, 1934) is an American journalist and political commentator.
The Bloomsbury Group—or Bloomsbury Set—was a group of associated English writers, intellectuals, philosophers and artists, the best known members of which included Virginia Woolf, John Maynard Keynes, E. M. Forster and Lytton Strachey.
Boston Review is a quarterly American political and literary magazine.
The British Academy is the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and the social sciences.
Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island, United States.
Bryn Mawr (pronounced; from Welsh for "Big hill") is a census-designated place (CDP) located across Radnor and Haverford Townships in Delaware County, Pennsylvania and Lower Merion Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, just west of Philadelphia along Lancaster Avenue (US-30) and the border with Delaware County.
Bucknell University is a private liberal arts college in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Proposition 8, known informally as Prop 8, was a California ballot proposition and a state constitutional amendment passed in the November 2008 California state elections.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Camille Anna Paglia (born April 2, 1947) is an American academic and social critic.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The capability approach (also referred to as the capabilities approach) is an economic theory conceived in the 1980s as an alternative approach to welfare economics.
Catharine Alice MacKinnon (born October 7, 1946) is an American scholar, lawyer, teacher, writer, and activist.
Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity.
Colgate University is a private liberal arts college located on in Hamilton Village, Hamilton Township, Madison County, New York, United States.
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
Concordia College is a private college located in Moorhead, Minnesota, United States.
In common speech, consent occurs when one person voluntarily agrees to the proposal or desires of another.
Conversion to Judaism (גיור, giyur) is the religious conversion of non-Jews to become members of the Jewish religion and Jewish ethnoreligious community.
The Council of Colleges of Arts and Sciences (CCAS) is an American association of college and university deans promoting the arts and sciences as a leading influence in higher education.
Cynicism (κυνισμός) is a school of thought of ancient Greek philosophy as practiced by the Cynics (Κυνικοί, Cynici).
Deconstruction is a critique of the relationship between text and meaning originated by the philosopher Jacques Derrida.
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
Diogenes (Διογένης, Diogenēs), also known as Diogenes the Cynic (Διογένης ὁ Κυνικός, Diogenēs ho Kunikos), was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy.
Diotima of Mantinea (Διοτίμα; Diotīma) was a philosopher and priestess circa 440 B.C.E. who plays an important role in Plato's Symposium.
Disgust is an emotional response of revulsion to something considered offensive, distasteful, or unpleasant.
In sociology and political studies, diversity is the degree of differences in identifying features among the members of a purposefully defined group, such as any group differences in racial or ethnic classifications, age, gender, religion, philosophy, physical abilities, socioeconomic background, sexual orientation, gender identity, intelligence, mental health, physical health, genetic attributes, personality, behavior or attractiveness.
A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or Ph.D.; Latin Philosophiae doctor) is the highest academic degree awarded by universities in most countries.
Donald Herbert Davidson (March 6, 1917 – August 30, 2003) was an American philosopher.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
On March 10, 2008, The New York Times reported that Governor of New York Eliot Spitzer had patronized an elite escort service run by Emperors Club VIP.
Emory University is a private research university in the Druid Hills neighborhood of the city of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
Equality before the law, also known as: equality under the law, equality in the eyes of the law, or legal equality, is the principle that each independent being must be treated equally by the law (principle of isonomy) and that all are subject to the same laws of justice (due process).
Ernst Freund (January 30, 1864 in New York City – October 20, 1932 in Chicago, Illinois) was a noted American legal scholar.
An ethical dilemma or ethical paradox is a decision-making problem between two possible moral imperatives, neither of which is unambiguously acceptable or preferable.
Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
Eudaimonia (Greek: εὐδαιμονία), sometimes anglicized as eudaemonia or eudemonia, is a Greek word commonly translated as happiness or welfare; however, "human flourishing or prosperity" has been proposed as a more accurate translation.
Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia.
Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
Foreign Policy magazine recognizes the world's pre-eminent thought leaders and public intellectuals in an annual issue, "100 Leading Global Thinkers".
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Frances Julia Stewart (born 4 August 1940) is professor emeritus of development economics and director of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE), University of Oxford.
From Disgust to Humanity: Sexual Orientation and Constitutional Law is a 2010 book about LGBT rights in the United States by the philosopher Martha Nussbaum.
In economics, fungibility is the property of a good or a commodity whose individual units are essentially interchangeable.
George Frederick Will (born May 4, 1941) is an American political commentator.
Georgetown University is a private research university in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States.
Global justice is an issue in political philosophy arising from the concern about unfairness.
The Grawemeyer Awards are five awards given annually by the University of Louisville.
Grinnell College is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational, liberal arts college in Grinnell, Iowa.
Gwilym Ellis Lane Owen, FBA (18 May 1922 – 10 July 1982), who published as G. E. L. Owen, was a British philosopher, concerned with the history of Ancient Greek philosophy.
The haftarah or (in Ashkenazic pronunciation) haftorah (alt. haphtara, Hebrew: הפטרה; "parting," "taking leave", plural haftoros or haftorot is a series of selections from the books of Nevi'im ("Prophets") of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) that is publicly read in synagogue as part of Jewish religious practice. The Haftarah reading follows the Torah reading on each Sabbath and on Jewish festivals and fast days. Typically, the haftarah is thematically linked to the parasha (Torah portion) that precedes it. The haftarah is sung in a chant (known as "trope" in Yiddish or "Cantillation" in English). Related blessings precede and follow the Haftarah reading. The origin of haftarah reading is lost to history, and several theories have been proposed to explain its role in Jewish practice, suggesting it arose in response to the persecution of the Jews under Antiochus Epiphanes which preceded the Maccabean revolt, wherein Torah reading was prohibited,Rabinowitz, Louis. "Haftarah." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Eds. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. Vol. 8. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 198-200. 22 vols. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. or that it was "instituted against the Samaritans, who denied the canonicity of the Prophets (except for Joshua), and later against the Sadducees." Another theory is that it was instituted after some act of persecution or other disaster in which the synagogue Torah scrolls were destroyed or ruined - it was forbidden to read the Torah portion from any but a ritually fit parchment scroll, but there was no such requirement about a reading from Prophets, which was then "substituted as a temporary expedient and then remained." The Talmud mentions that a haftarah was read in the presence of Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus, who lived c.70 CE, and that by the time of Rabbah (the 3rd century) there was a "Scroll of Haftarot", which is not further described, and in the Christian New Testament several references suggest this Jewish custom was in place during that era.
The harm principle holds that the actions of individuals should only be limited to prevent harm to other individuals.
The Harvard Society of Fellows is a group of scholars selected at the beginning of their careers by Harvard University for extraordinary scholarly potential, upon whom distinctive academic and intellectual opportunities are bestowed in order to foster their individual growth and intellectual collaboration.
Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Harvey Claflin Mansfield, Jr. (born March 21, 1932) is an American political philosopher.
Hetaira (plural hetairai, also hetaera (plural hetaerae), (ἑταίρα, "companion", pl. ἑταῖραι) was a type of prostitute in ancient Greece. Traditionally, historians of ancient Greece have distinguished between hetairai and pornai, another class of prostitute in ancient Greece. In contrast to pornai, who provided sex for a large number of clients in brothels or on the street, hetairai were thought to have had only a few men as clients at any one time, to have had long-term relationships with them, and to have provided companionship and intellectual stimulation as well as sex. For instance, Charles Seltman wrote in 1953 that "hetaeras were certainly in a very different class, often highly educated women". More recently, however, historians have questioned the extent to which there was really a distinction between hetairai and pornai. The second edition of the Oxford Classical Dictionary, for instance, held that hetaira was a euphemism for any kind of prostitute. This position is supported by Konstantinos Kapparis, who holds that Apollodorus' famous tripartite division of the types of women in the speech Against Neaera ("We have courtesans for pleasure, concubines for the daily tending of the body, and wives in order to beget legitimate children and have a trustworthy guardian of what is at home.") classes all prostitutes together, under the term hetairai. A third position, advanced by Rebecca Futo Kennedy, suggests that hetairai "were not prostitutes or even courtesans". Instead, she argues, hetairai were "elite women who participated in sympotic and luxury culture", just as hetairoi – the masculine form of the word – was used to refer to groups of elite men at symposia. Even when the term hetaira was used to refer to a specific class of prostitute, though, scholars disagree on what precisely the line of demarcation was. Kurke emphasises that hetairai veiled the fact that they were selling sex through the language of gift-exchange, while pornai explicitly commodified sex. She claims that both hetairai and pornai could be slaves or free, and might or might not work for a pimp. Kapparis says that hetairai were high-class prostitutes, and cites Dover as pointing to the long-term nature of hetairai's relationships with individual men. Miner disagrees with Kurke, claiming that hetairai were always free, not slaves. Along with sexual services, women described as hetairai rather than pornai seem to have often been educated, and have provided companionship. According to Kurke, the concept of hetairism was a product of the symposium, where hetairai were permitted as sexually available companions of the male party-goers. In Athenaeus' Deipnosophistai, hetairai are described as providing "flattering and skillful conversation": something which is, elsewhere in classical literature, seen as a significant part of the hetaira's role. Particularly, "witty" and "refined" (αστεία) were seen as attributes which distinguished hetairai from common pornai. Hetairai are likely to have been musically educated, too. Free hetairai could become very wealthy, and control their own finances. However, their careers could be short, and if they did not earn enough to support themselves, they might have been forced to resort to working in brothels, or working as pimps, in order to ensure a continued income as they got older.
A hierarchy (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes, "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally.
Hilary Whitehall Putnam (July 31, 1926 – March 13, 2016) was an American philosopher, mathematician, and computer scientist, and a major figure in analytic philosophy in the second half of the 20th century.
Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender.
The Human Development and Capability Association (HDCA) was launched in September 2004 at the Fourth Capability Conference in Pavia, Italy.
Human sexuality is the way people experience and express themselves sexually.
Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture.
Humiliation is the abasement of pride, which creates mortification or leads to a state of being humbled or reduced to lowliness or submission.
Hyde Park is a neighborhood and community area on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. It is located on the shore of Lake Michigan seven miles (11 km) south of the Chicago Loop.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual.
Inside Higher Ed is a media company and online publication that provides news, opinion, resources, events and jobs focused on college and university topics.
Instrumental and value-rationality are modern labels for the ancient belief that human reasoning is bipolar, split in two.
The International Institute of Social Studies (ISS) of Erasmus University Rotterdam is an independent and international graduate school of policy-oriented critical social science.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Jacques Derrida (born Jackie Élie Derrida;. See also. July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French Algerian-born philosopher best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction, which he discussed in numerous texts, and developed in the context of phenomenology.
The Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities is an honorary lecture series established in 1972 by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH).
Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.
The John Locke Lectures are a series of annual lectures in philosophy given at the University of Oxford.
John Bordley Rawls (February 21, 1921 – November 24, 2002) was an American moral and political philosopher in the liberal tradition.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
Judith Butler FBA (born February 24, 1956) is an American philosopher and gender theorist whose work has influenced political philosophy, ethics and the fields of third-wave feminist, queer and literary theory.
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.
KAM Isaiah Israel is a synagogue located in the historic Kenwood neighborhood in Chicago, Illinois.
Kenyon College is a private liberal arts college in Gambier, Ohio, United States, founded in 1824 by Philander Chase.
Knox College is a four-year coeducational private liberal arts college located in Galesburg, Illinois, United States.
The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (in English: Catholic University of Leuven), abbreviated KU Leuven, is a research university in the Dutch-speaking town of Leuven in Flanders, Belgium.
The is Japan's highest private award for global achievement.
Laurence John "Laurie" Taylor (born 1 August 1936) is an English sociologist and radio presenter originally from Liverpool.
Lawrence University is a liberal arts college and conservatory of music in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
Lawrence v. Texas,.
Leon Richard Kass (born February 12, 1939) is an American physician, scientist, educator, and public intellectual, best known as proponent of liberal education via the "Great Books," as an opponent of human cloning, life extension and euthanasia, as a critic of certain areas of technological progress and embryo research, and for his controversial tenure as chairman of the President's Council on Bioethics from 2001 to 2005.
A liberal education is a system or course of education suitable for the cultivation of a free (Latin: liber) human being.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
Lingua Franca was an American magazine about intellectual and literary life in academia.
This is a list of American philosophers; of philosophers who are either from, or spent many productive years of their lives in the United States.
This is a list of women philosophers ordered alphabetically by surname.
A Master of Arts (Magister Artium; abbreviated MA; also Artium Magister, abbreviated AM) is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech.
Paul-Michel Foucault (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984), generally known as Michel Foucault, was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, and literary critic.
Moral psychology is a field of study in both philosophy and psychology.
Moral universalism (also called moral objectivism or universal morality) is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally, that is, for "all similarly situated individuals", regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexual orientation, or any other distinguishing feature.
Mount Holyoke College is a liberal arts college for women, in South Hadley, Massachusetts, United States.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's own attributes.
The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency of the U.S. government, established by the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New York University (NYU) is a private nonprofit research university based in New York City.
Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.
Normative generally means relating to an evaluative standard.
The North American Society for Social Philosophy (NASSP) is a non-profit learned society whose mission is to facilitate discussion between social philosophers on all topics of interest.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
In social philosophy, objectification is the act of treating a person, or sometimes an animal, as an object or a thing.
The Ohio State University, commonly referred to as Ohio State or OSU, is a large, primarily residential, public university in Columbus, Ohio.
The term parashah (פָּרָשָׁה Pārāšâ "portion", Tiberian, Sephardi, plural: parashot or parashiyot) formally means a section of a biblical book in the Masoretic Text of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible).
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
Patriarchy is a social system in which males hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of property.
Patrick Arthur Devlin, Baron Devlin, PC (25 November 1905 – 9 August 1992) was a British judge who served as a Law Lord.
The PEN/Diamonstein-Spielvogel Award for the Art of the Essay is awarded by the PEN American Center to an author for a book of original collected essays.
Perjury is the intentional act of swearing a false oath or falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters a generation material to an official proceeding.
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it.
A playwright or dramatist (rarely dramaturge) is a person who writes plays.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
Political science is a social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, and political behavior.
Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, PUCP) is a private university in Lima, Peru.
Pornography (often abbreviated porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal.
Postmodern philosophy is a philosophical movement that arose in the second half of the 20th century as a critical response to assumptions allegedly present in modernist philosophical ideas regarding culture, identity, history, or language that were developed during the 18th-century Enlightenment.
Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to seclude themselves, or information about themselves, and thereby express themselves selectively.
Prospect is a monthly British general interest magazine, specialising in politics, economics and current affairs.
Prostitution is the business or practice of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for payment.
Psychological projection is a theory in psychology in which humans defend themselves against their own unconscious impulses or qualities (both positive and negative) by denying their existence in themselves while attributing them to others.
Public policy is the principled guide to action taken by the administrative executive branches of the state with regard to a class of issues, in a manner consistent with law and institutional customs.
Public service is a service which is provided by government to people living within its jurisdiction, either directly (through the public sector) or by financing provision of services.
The Puritans were English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to "purify" the Church of England from its "Catholic" practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Queen's University Belfast (informally Queen's or QUB) is a public research university in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Racism is the belief in the superiority of one race over another, which often results in discrimination and prejudice towards people based on their race or ethnicity.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
Reason is an American libertarian monthly magazine published by the Reason Foundation.
Richard Allen Posner (born January 11, 1939) is an American jurist and economist who was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago from 1981 until 2017, and is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School.
Robert Peter George (born July 10, 1955) is an American legal scholar, political philosopher, and public intellectual who serves as the McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and Director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions at Princeton University.
Roger Kimball (born 1953), an American art critic and social commentator, is the editor and publisher of The New Criterion and the publisher of Encounter Books.
Roman philosophy was the philosophical thought in ancient Rome, from the Republic of Rome to the Roman Empire.
Romer v. Evans, 517 U.S. 620 (1996),.
Salon is an American news and opinion website, created by David Talbot in 1995 and currently owned by the Salon Media Group.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sex-positive feminism, also known as pro-sex feminism, sex-radical feminism, or sexually liberal feminism, is a movement that began in the early 1980s centering on the idea that sexual freedom is an essential component of women's freedom.
Sexism is prejudice or discrimination based on a person's sex or gender.
Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex or gender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
Shame is a painful, social emotion that can be seen as resulting "...from comparison of the self's action with the self's standards...". but which may equally stem from comparison of the self's state of being with the ideal social context's standard.
Simon Fraser University (SFU) is a public research university in British Columbia, Canada with campuses in Burnaby (Main Campus), Surrey, and Vancouver.
Social justice is a concept of fair and just relations between the individual and society.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.
Subjectivity is a central philosophical concept, related to consciousness, agency, personhood, reality, and truth, which has been variously defined by sources.
Susan Moller Okin (July 19, 1946 – March 3, 2004), was a liberal feminist political philosopher and author.
The Symposium (Συμπόσιον) is a philosophical text by Plato dated c. 385–370 BC.
The American Spectator is a conservative U.S. monthly magazine covering news and politics, edited by R. Emmett Tyrrell, Jr. and published by the non-profit American Spectator Foundation.
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (AJC) is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and Student Affairs professionals (staff members and administrators).
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New Criterion is a New York-based monthly literary magazine and journal of artistic and cultural criticism, edited by Roger Kimball (editor and publisher) and James Panero (executive editor).
The New Republic is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking.
The New School is a private non-profit research university centered in Manhattan, New York City, USA, located mostly in Greenwich Village.
The New York Review of Books (or NYREV or NYRB) is a semi-monthly magazine with articles on literature, culture, economics, science and current affairs.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers, typically actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.
The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is Plato's argument that non-physical (but substantial) forms (or ideas) represent the most accurate reality.
Torah (תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings.
Tragedy (from the τραγῳδία, tragōidia) is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
The University of Antioquia (Universidad de Antioquia), also called UdeA, is a public, departmental, coeducational, research university located primarily in the city of Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia, with regional campuses in Amalfi, Andes, Caucasia, Carmen de Viboral, Envigado, Puerto Berrío, Santa Fe de Antioquia, Segovia, Sonsón, Turbo and Yarumal.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
The University of Chicago Law Review (Maroonbook abbreviation: U Chi L Rev) is a law journal published by the University of Chicago Law School.
The University of Chicago Law School is a professional graduate school of the University of Chicago.
The University of Edinburgh (abbreviated as Edin. in post-nominals), founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's ancient universities.
The University of Haifa (אוניברסיטת חיפה, جامعة حيفا) is a public research university on the top of Mount Carmel in Haifa, Israel.
The University of Louisville (UofL) is a public university in Louisville, Kentucky, a member of the Kentucky state university system.
The University of North Carolina Asheville (UNCA) is a co-educational, four year, public liberal arts university.
The University of St Andrews (informally known as St Andrews University or simply St Andrews; abbreviated as St And, from the Latin Sancti Andreae, in post-nominals) is a British public research university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.
The University of the Free State is a multi campus public university in Bloemfontein, the capital of the Free State and the judicial capital of South Africa.
The University of Toronto (U of T, UToronto, or Toronto) is a public research university in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on the grounds that surround Queen's Park.
Vanderbilt University (informally Vandy) is a private research university in Nashville, Tennessee.
Wabash College is a small, private, men's liberal arts college in Crawfordsville, Indiana.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPs) is an informal acronym that refers to social group of wealthy and well-connected white Americans of Protestant and predominantly British ancestry, many of whom trace their ancestry to the American colonial period.
Willard Van Orman Quine (known to intimates as "Van"; June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) was an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, recognized as "one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century." From 1930 until his death 70 years later, Quine was continually affiliated with Harvard University in one way or another, first as a student, then as a professor of philosophy and a teacher of logic and set theory, and finally as a professor emeritus who published or revised several books in retirement.
Williams College is a private liberal arts college in Williamstown, Massachusetts, United States.
The wisdom of repugnance, or the yuck factor, also known informally as "appeal to disgust", is the belief that an intuitive (or "deep-seated") negative response to some thing, idea, or practice should be interpreted as evidence for the intrinsically harmful or evil character of that thing.
The Report of the Departmental Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (better known as the Wolfenden report, after Sir John Wolfenden, the chairman of the committee) was published in the United Kingdom on 4 September 1957 after a succession of well-known men, including Lord Montagu of Beaulieu, Michael Pitt-Rivers, and Peter Wildeblood, were convicted of homosexual offences.