116 relations: Achille Marozzo, Agni Purana, Albrecht Dürer, Alfred Hutton, Association for Renaissance Martial Arts, Augsburg, Baroque, Basket-hilted sword, Bem cavalgar, Beni Hasan, Bolognese Swordsmanship, Book of Han, Camillo Agrippa, Cgm 558, Chakram, Chinese classics, Christian Egenolff, Classical antiquity, Classical Greece, Cod. 44 A 8, Codex Vindobonensis B 11093, Codex Wallerstein, Cologne Fechtbuch, Common Era, De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi, De re militari, De rebus bellicis, Destreza, Early New High German, Edward, King of Portugal, Fiore dei Liberi, Flos Duellatorum, Francesco Alfieri, Franconia, Frankfurt, French school of fencing, Gérard Thibault d'Anvers, George Silver, German school of fencing, Giacomo di Grassi, Giuseppe Colombani, Gladiatoria, Glasgow Fechtbuch, Graz, Greek wrestling, Gujarat, Hans Folz, Hans Talhoffer, Hans von Speyer, Harley MS 3542, ..., Heidelberg, HEMA Alliance, Historical European martial arts, History of literature, History of martial arts, Illuminated manuscript, Indian martial arts, Italian school of swordsmanship, Jörg Wilhalm, Jixiao Xinshu, Joachim Meyer, Johannes Lecküchner, Johannes Liechtenauer, John Musgrave Waite, Joseph Swetnam, Jousting, Le jeu de la hache, List of manuscripts in the Cotton library, Longsword, Luis Pacheco de Narváez, Malla-yuddha, Martial arts, Martial arts timeline, Michigan State University, Middle Ages, Military strategy, MS 862, Munich, Muyedobotongji, Muyejebo, Nürnberger Handschrift GNM 3227a, Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 466, Paulus Hector Mair, Paulus Kal, Peter Falkner, Pietro Monte, Poland, Pollaxe, Pottery of ancient Greece, Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, Records of the Grand Historian, Renaissance, Ridolfo Capo Ferro, Royal Armouries Ms. I.33, Salvator Fabris, Shaolin Monastery, Sigmund Ringeck, Sima Qian, Small sword, Solothurn, Spadroon, Standard German, Sun Tzu, The Art of War, The Book of Five Rings, Tournament (medieval), Treatise, Trishula, Vienna, Vincentio Saviolo, War elephant, Weimar, William Johnstone Hope, Wittenberg, Wolfenbüttel, Wrestling. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
Achille Marozzo (1484–1553) was an Italian fencing master teaching in the Dardi or Bolognese tradition.
The Agni Purana, (अग्नि पुराण) is a Sanskrit text and one of the eighteen major Puranas of Hinduism.
Albrecht Dürer (21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528)Müller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Dürers, Walter de Gruyter.
Alfred Hutton FSA (10 March 1839 – 18 December 1910) was a Victorian officer of the King's Dragoon Guards, writer, antiquarian and swordsman.
Association for Renaissance Martial Arts (ARMA) is a US-based non-profit organization dedicated to the study and practice of historical European martial arts of the 15th to 17th centuries.
Augsburg (Augschburg) is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany.
The Baroque is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century.
The basket-hilted sword is a sword type of the early modern era characterised by a basket-shaped guard that protects the hand.
Bem cavalgar, fully Livro da ensinança de bem cavalgar toda sela ("Book on the instruction of riding well on every saddle"), is a book written by Edward of Portugal, left incomplete as Edward died of a plague in 1438.
Beni Hasan (also written as Bani Hasan, or also Beni-Hassan) (بني حسن) is an Ancient Egyptian cemetery site.
Bolognese Swordsmanship, also sometimes known as the Dardi school, is a tradition within the Italian school of swordsmanship which is based on the surviving fencing treatises published by several 16th century fencing masters of Bologna, although records indicate that as early as the 14th century several fencing masters were living and teaching in the city: a maestro Rosolino in 1338, a maestro Nerio in 1354, and a maestro Francesco in 1385.
The Book of Han or History of the Former Han is a history of China finished in 111, covering the Western, or Former Han dynasty from the first emperor in 206 BCE to the fall of Wang Mang in 23 CE.
Camillo Agrippa (died 1595?) was a noted fencer, architect, engineer and mathematician of the Renaissance.
The Cgm 558, or Codex germanicus monacensis is a convolution of two 15th-century manuscripts with a total of 176 folia, bound together in the 16th century.
The chakram (cakram; chakkar; cakeram) is a throwing weapon from India.
Chinese classic texts or canonical texts refers to the Chinese texts which originated before the imperial unification by the Qin dynasty in 221 BC, particularly the "Four Books and Five Classics" of the Neo-Confucian tradition, themselves a customary abridgment of the "Thirteen Classics".
Christian Egenolff or Egenolph (26 July 1502 – 9 February 1555), also known as Christian Egenolff, the Elder, was the first important printer and publisher operating from Frankfurt-am-Main, and best known for his and re-issue of books by Adam Ries, Erasmus von Rotterdam and Ulrich von Hutten.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
The Codex Vindobonensis B 11093 (Code of the Austrian National Library at Vienna) is an anonymous fechtbuch of 46 pages of drawn illustrations only, with no text, dating to the mid 15th century, probably created in southern Germany.
The so-called Codex Wallerstein or Vonn Baumanns Fechtbuch (Oettingen-Wallerstein Cod. I.6.4o.2, Augsburg University library) is a 16th-century convolution of three 15th-century fechtbuch manuscripts, with a total of 221 pages.
The Cologne Fechtbuch (Kölner Fechtbuch) is a historical martial arts manual, formerly kept at the Historical Archive of the City of Cologne (Best. 7020, 150; formerly W* 8 150, still earlier W. IX 16, from the collection of Ferdinand Franz Wallraf).
Common Era or Current Era (CE) is one of the notation systems for the world's most widely used calendar era – an alternative to the Dionysian AD and BC system.
De Arte Gladiatoria Dimicandi was written by Italian fencing master Filippo Vadi at some time between 1482 and 1487.
De re militari (Latin "Concerning Military Matters"), also Epitoma rei militaris, is a treatise by the late Latin writer Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus about Roman warfare and military principles as a presentation of methods and practices in use during the height of Rome's power, and responsible for that power.
De rebus bellicis ("On the Things of Wars") is an anonymous work of the 4th or 5th century which suggests remedies for the military and financial problems in the Roman Empire, including a number of fanciful war machines.
La Verdadera Destreza the conventional term for the Spanish tradition of fencing of the early modern period.
Early New High German (ENHG) is a term for the period in the history of the German language, generally defined, following Wilhelm Scherer, as the period 1350 to 1650.
Duarte (31 October 1391 – 9 September 1438), known in English as Edward and called the Philosopher (o Rei-Filósofo) or the Eloquent (o Eloquente), was King of Portugal and the Algarve and Lord of Ceuta from 1433 until his death.
Fiore Furlano de Cividale d'Austria, delli Liberi da Premariacco (Fiore dei Liberi, Fiore Furlano, Fiore de Cividale d'Austria; born ca. 1350; died after 1409) was a late 14th century knight, diplomat, and itinerant fencing master.
The Flos Duellatorum is the name given to one of the manuscript versions of Fiore dei Liberi's illuminated manuscript fight book, written in 1410 (dated to 1409 in the old reckoning).
Francesco Ferdinando Alfieri of Padova was a 17th-century master of the Italian school of swordsmanship and “Maestro D’Arme” to the Accademia Delia in Padua in 1640.
Franconia (Franken, also called Frankenland) is a region in Germany, characterised by its culture and language, and may be roughly associated with the areas in which the East Franconian dialect group, locally referred to as fränkisch, is spoken.
Frankfurt, officially the City of Frankfurt am Main ("Frankfurt on the Main"), is a metropolis and the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany.
The known history of fencing in France begins in the 16th century, with the adoption of Italian styles of fencing.
Gérard (or Girard) Thibault of Antwerp (ca. 1574–1627) was a Dutch fencing master and author of the 1628 rapier manual Academie de l'Espée.
George Silver (ca. 1550s–1620s) was a gentleman of England during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, who is known for his writings on swordplay.
The German school of fencing (Deutsche Schule; Kunst des Fechtens) is a system of combat taught in the Holy Roman Empire during the Late Medieval, Renaissance, and Early Modern periods, as described in the contemporary Fechtbücher ("combat manuals") written at the time.
Giacomo di Grassi was an Italian fencing master who wrote the fencing treatise Ragione di adoprar sicuramente l'Arme, si da offesa come da difesa in 1570.
Giuseppe Colombani is known as l'Alfier lombardo (the Pride of Lombardy. It's unrelated to Francesco Alfieri - the Italian word l'Alfier(e) means "the standard bearer".) He wrote a treatise on martial arts, published in 1711.
The Gladiatoria Group is a series of several 15th Century German manuscripts that share the same art style and cover the same material—various types of armored combat.
The Glasgow Fechtbuch (MS E.1939.65.341 in the R. L. Scott Collection of the Glasgow Museums in Glasgow, Scotland) is a combat manual of the German school of fencing, dated to 1505.
Graz is the capital of Styria and the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna.
Greek wrestling (πάλη, pálē), also known as Ancient Greek wrestling and Palé, was the most popular organized sport in Ancient Greece.
Gujarat is a state in Western India and Northwest India with an area of, a coastline of – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million.
Hans Folz (1437 – January 1513) was a German author of the late medieval or early Renaissance period.
Hans Talhoffer (Dalhover, Talhouer, Thalhoffer, Talhofer) was a 15th-century German fencing master.
Hans von Speyer was a 15th-century German scribe.
Harley MS 3542 is a manuscript dating to the medieval times, specifically the late sixteenth century.
Heidelberg is a college town in Baden-Württemberg situated on the river Neckar in south-west Germany.
The HEMA Alliance (HEMAA) is a martial arts federation dedicated to the study of Historical European Martial Arts.
Historical European martial arts (HEMA) refers to martial arts of European origin, particularly using arts formerly practised, but having since died out or evolved into very different forms.
The history of literature is the historical development of writings in prose or poetry that attempt to provide entertainment, enlightenment, or instruction to the reader/listener/observer, as well as the development of the literary techniques used in the communication of these pieces.
Although the earliest evidence of martial arts goes back millennia, the true roots are difficult to reconstruct.
An illuminated manuscript is a manuscript in which the text is supplemented with such decoration as initials, borders (marginalia) and miniature illustrations.
Indian martial arts refers to the fighting systems of the Indian subcontinent.
The term Italian school of swordsmanship is used to describe the Italian style of fencing and edged-weapon combat from the time of the first extant Italian swordsmanship treatise (1409) to the days of Classical Fencing (up to 1900).
Jörg Wilhalm was an early 16th-century German fencing master, hatmaker, and citizen of Augsburg.
The Jixiao Xinshu or New Treatise on Military Efficiency is a military manual written during the 1560s and 1580s by the Ming dynasty general Qi Jiguang.
Joachim Meÿer (ca. 1537–1571) was a self described Freifechter (literally, Free Fencer) living in the then Free Imperial City of Strasbourg in the 16th century and the author of a fechtbuch Gründtliche Beschreibung der Kunst des Fechtens (in English, Thorough Descriptions of the Art of Fencing) first published in 1570.
Johannes Lecküchner (c. 1430s – 1482) was a 15th-century priest and fencer of the area of Nuremberg.
Johannes Liechtenauer (also Lichtnauer, Hans Lichtenawer) was a 14th-century German fencing master who had a great level of influence on the German fencing tradition.
John Musgrave Waite (c. 1820 – 13 September 1884) was a Victorian fencing master (sabre, singlestick, small-sword, foil), non-commissioned officer in the 2nd Life Guards.
Joseph Swetnam (died 1621) was an English pamphleteer and fencing master.
Jousting is a martial game or hastilude between two horsemen wielding lances with blunted tips, often as part of a tournament.
Le jeu de la hache ("The Play of the Axe") is a French manual on combat with the poleaxe dating to c. 1400.
This is an incomplete list of some of the manuscripts from the Cotton library that today form the Cotton collection of the British Library.
A longsword (also spelled as long sword or long-sword) is a type of European sword characterized as having a cruciform hilt with a grip for two-handed use (around), a straight double-edged blade of around, and weighing approximately.
Don Luis Pacheco de Narváez (Baeza, 1570–1640) was a Spanish writer on the art of fencing.
(Devanagari: मल्लयुद्ध, মল্লযুদ্ধ, Odia: ମଲ୍ଲ ଯୁଦ୍ଧ, Kannada: ಮಲ್ಲಯುದ್ಧ, Telugu: మల్ల యుద్ధం malla-yuddhaṁ, Tamil: மல்யுத்தம் malyutham, Thai: มัลละยุทธ์ mạllayutṭh̒) is the traditional South Asian form of combat-wrestling created in what is now India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
This martial arts timeline is designed to help describe the history of the martial arts in a linear fashion.
Michigan State University (MSU) is a public research university in East Lansing, Michigan, United States.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Military strategy is a set of ideas implemented by military organizations to pursue desired strategic goals.
MS 862 is the number in the nineteenth-century Donaueschingen catalogue of a South German fechtbuch dating to ca.
Munich (München; Minga) is the capital and the most populated city in the German state of Bavaria, on the banks of the River Isar north of the Bavarian Alps.
Commissioned by King Jeongjo (r. 1740–1810) in 1790, the Muyedobotongji (or Muye Tobo Tong Ji, translating to "Comprehensive Illustrated Manual of Martial Arts") expanded on the eighteen weapons systems identified in the Muyeshinbo of 1758.
The Muyejebo (Compendium of Several Martial Arts) is the oldest extant Korean martial arts manual, written during the reign of King Seonjo (d. 1608).
Codex 3227a of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg (also known as Hs. 3227a, GNM 3227a, Nürnberger Handschrift GNM 3227a) is a manuscript of 169 folia, dated to the close of the 14th century.
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus III 466 (P. Oxy. III,466) is a fragmentary 2nd century Greek papyrus manuscript containing instructions for wrestling, including the description of various grips and holds, constituting the earliest historical European martial arts manual.
Paulus Hector Mair (1517–1579) was an Augsburg civil servant, and active in the martial arts of his time.
Paulus Kal was a 15th-century German fencing master.
Peter Falkner is the name of a German fencing master, active in the late 15th century (roughly 1470s or 1480s), influenced by Paulus Kal.
Pietro Monte (Pietro del Monte, Pietro Monti, Latinized Petrus Montius; 1457–1509Fontaine 1991.) was a master of arms who lived in Milan in the late 15th century.
Poland (Polska), officially the Republic of Poland (Rzeczpospolita Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
The pollaxe is a type of European polearm.
Ancient Greek pottery, due to its relative durability, comprises a large part of the archaeological record of ancient Greece, and since there is so much of it (over 100,000 painted vases are recorded in the Corpus vasorum antiquorum), it has exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society.
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus, commonly referred to simply as Vegetius, was a writer of the Later Roman Empire (late 4th century).
The Records of the Grand Historian, also known by its Chinese name Shiji, is a monumental history of ancient China and the world finished around 94 BC by the Han dynasty official Sima Qian after having been started by his father, Sima Tan, Grand Astrologer to the imperial court.
The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries.
Ridolfo Capoferro or Capo Ferro of Cagli was a fencing master in the city of Siena best known for his rapier fencing manual published in 1610.
Royal Armouries Ms.
Salvator Fabris (1544-1618) was an Italian fencing master from Padua.
The Shaolin Monastery, also known as the Shaolin Temple, is a Chan ("Zen") Buddhist temple in Dengfeng County, Henan Province, China.
Sigmund Schining ein Ringeck (Sigmund ain Ringeck, Sigmund Amring, Sigmund Einring, Sigmund Schining) was a 14th- or 15th-century German fencing master.
Sima Qian was a Chinese historian of the early Han dynasty (206AD220).
The small sword or smallsword (also court sword, Gaelic: claidheamh beag or claybeg, French: épée de cour or dress sword) is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance.
Solothurn (Solothurn; Soleure; Soletta; Soloturn) is a town, a municipality, and the capital of the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.
A spadroon is a light sword with a straight edged blade, enabling both cut and thrust attacks.
Standard German, High German or more precisely Standard High German (Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch, or in Swiss Schriftdeutsch) is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts, and for communication between different dialect areas.
Sun Tzu (also rendered as Sun Zi; 孫子) was a Chinese general, military strategist, writer, and philosopher who lived in the Eastern Zhou period of ancient China.
The Art of War is an ancient Chinese military treatise dating from the Spring and Autumn period.
is a text on kenjutsu and the martial arts in general, written by the Japanese swordsman Miyamoto Musashi around 1645.
A tournament, or tourney (from Old French torneiement, tornei) was a chivalrous competition or mock fight in Europe in the Middle Ages and Renaissance (12th to 16th centuries).
A treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject, generally longer and treating it in greater depth than an essay, and more concerned with investigating or exposing the principles of the subject.
Trishula (Sanskrit: त्रिशूल, IAST: triśūla) is a trident, commonly used as the principal symbols in Hinduism and Buddhism.
Vienna (Wien) is the federal capital and largest city of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria.
Fencing master Vincentio Saviolo (d. 1598/9), though Italian born and raised, authored one of the first books on fencing to be available in the English language.
A war elephant is an elephant that is trained and guided by humans for combat.
Weimar (Vimaria or Vinaria) is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany.
Vice Admiral Sir William Johnstone Hope, GCB (16 August 1766 – 2 May 1831) was a prominent and controversial British Royal Navy officer and politician in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century Britain, whose career experienced fleet actions, disputes with royalty, party politics and entry to both Russian and British orders of chivalry.
Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, the administrative capital of Wolfenbüttel District.
Wrestling is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and takedowns, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds.