142 relations: Active Worlds, Activity theory, Adobe Flash, Adventure game, Air Warrior, Alteil, Alternate reality game, American football, Anarchy Online, AOL, Artificial intelligence in video games, Association football, Asymmetric warfare, Audition Online, Baseball, Basketball, Battlefield 1942, BigWorld, Bonnie Nardi, Browser game, Castle Infinity, Casual game, CCP Games, CipSoft, Club Penguin, Collectible card game, Crazyracing Kartrider, Dance Dance Revolution, Darkwind: War on Wheels, Dreamcast, Drift City, Dungeon (video game), Eve Online, EverQuest, EverQuest Online Adventures, Experience point, Fantasy, Final Fantasy XI, First-person shooter, Flight simulator, Forterra Systems, Furcadia, Game engine, Game server, GemStone IV, GEnie, Gold farming, Golf, Habitat (video game), Half-Life (video game), ..., Hockey, I-mode, IMVU, Infantry (video game), International Virtual Aviation Organisation, IRacing, Japan, Jumpgate: The Reconstruction Initiative, Just Dance 2014, Kesmai, Kung Fu Panda World, Lag, Lev Vygotsky, List of massively multiplayer online games, Mainframe computer, Mankind (video game), Massively multiplayer online real-time strategy game, Massively multiplayer online role-playing game, Meridian 59, Metaverse, Mob (gaming), Mod (video gaming), Monopoly video games, Motor City Online, MUD, Multiplayer video game, Music video game, Neal Stephenson, Need for Speed: World, Neopets, Neverwinter Nights (1991 video game), Non-player character, NTT DoCoMo, Online game, Open world, Overworld, PDP-10, Peer-to-peer, Persistent world, Personal computer, Phantasy Star Online, PlanetSide, PlayStation 2, Project Torque, Puzzle video game, Race or Die, Real-time strategy, Robinson Technologies, Roblox, Rogue (video game), Role-playing video game, Samurai Romanesque, Science fiction, Second Life, Shared universe, Sixth generation of video game consoles, SmallWorlds, SmartCell Technology, Smartphone, Snow Crash, Social capital, Social-network game, Star Wars Galaxies, Test Drive Unlimited, The Matrix Online, The Realm Online, The Sims Online, There (virtual world), Thin client, Tibia Micro Edition, TrackMania, Tribes (series), Ultima Online, UltraCorps, Underlight, United States Army, Upshift Strikeracer, Urban warfare, Video game console, Video game developer, Video game genre, Vindictus, Virtual Air Traffic Simulation Network, Virtual economy, Virtual world, War Thunder, Whirled, World of Tanks, World of Warcraft, World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King, World War II Online, Xbox Live. Expand index (92 more) » « Shrink index
Active Worlds is an online virtual world, developed by ActiveWorlds Inc., a company based in Newburyport, Massachusetts, and launched on June 28, 1995.
Activity theory (AT; Теория деятельности) is an umbrella term for a line of eclectic social sciences theories and research with its roots in the Soviet psychological activity theory pioneered by Lev Vygotsky, Alexei Leont'ev and Sergei Rubinstein.
Adobe Flash is a deprecated multimedia software platform used for production of animations, rich Internet applications, desktop applications, mobile applications, mobile games and embedded web browser video players.
An adventure game is a video game in which the player assumes the role of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and puzzle-solving.
Air Warrior was a multiplayer on-line air-combat simulator launched by Kesmai in 1988.
is a story-driven, Flash-based online collectible card game produced by Dex Entertainment and published by Media Blasters.
An alternate reality game (ARG) is an interactive networked narrative that uses the real world as a platform and employs transmedia storytelling to deliver a story that may be altered by players' ideas or actions.
American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Anarchy Online is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) published and developed by Norwegian video game development company Funcom.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
In video games, artificial intelligence is used to generate responsive, adaptive or intelligent behaviors primarily in non-player characters (NPCs), similar to human-like intelligence.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly.
Audition Online (오디션 온라인), also known as X-BEAT in Japan and popularly called AyoDance in Indonesia, is a free-to-play multiplayer online casual rhythm game produced by T3 Entertainment.
Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting and fielding.
Basketball is a team sport played on a rectangular court.
Battlefield 1942 is a first-person shooter video game developed by Digital Illusions Creative Entertainment and published by Electronic Arts for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. The game can be played in single-player mode against the video game AI or in multiplayer mode against players on the Internet or in a local area network.
BigWorld (also known as Wargaming Sydney) is an Australian company formed in 2002 by John De Margheriti that develops and licenses a middleware development tool suite for the creation of massively multiplayer online games (MMO) and virtual worlds.
Bonnie Nardi is a professor in the Department of Informatics at the University of California, Irvine, where she leads the TechDec research lab in the areas of Human-Computer Interaction and computer-supported cooperative work.
A browser game is a computer game that is played over the Internet using a web browser.
Castle Infinity was the first commercially launched MMOG for children.
A casual game is a video game targeted at or used by casual gamers.
CCP hf., doing business as CCP Games, is an Icelandic video game developer based in Reykjavík.
CipSoft GmbH, or CIP, is a video game developer based in Regensburg, Germany which produces the online roleplaying game Tibia.
Club Penguin was a massively multiplayer online game (MMO), involving a virtual world that contained a range of online games and activities.
A collectible card game (CCG), also called a trading card game (TCG) or many other names, is a kind of strategy card game that was created in 1993 and consists of specially designed sets of playing cards.
Crazyracing Kartrider (크레이지레이싱 카트라이더) is an online multiplayer racing game servicing at NEXON.
, abbreviated DDR and also known as Dancing Stage in earlier games in Europe, Central Asia, Middle East, Africa, South Asia and Oceania, and also some other games in Japan, is a music video game series produced by Konami.
Darkwind: War on Wheels is an independently developed 3D turn based racing and vehicle combat massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) for Windows, Mac OS X and Linux.
The is a home video game console released by Sega on November 27, 1998 in Japan, September 9, 1999 in North America, and October 14, 1999 in Europe.
Drift City (also known as SkidRush, which is the Korean version) is a massively multiplayer online racing video game developed by NPluto and sponsored by several major automotive companies such as Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep and U1 Technology.
Dungeon was one of the earliest role-playing video games, running on PDP-10 mainframe computers manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation.
Eve Online (stylised EVE Online) is a space-based, persistent world massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by CCP Games.
EverQuest is a 3D fantasy-themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed and published by Sony Online Entertainment, and released on March 16, 1999.
EverQuest Online Adventures was a fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for the PlayStation 2.
An experience point (often abbreviated to exp or XP) is a unit of measurement used in tabletop role-playing games (RPGs) and role-playing video games to quantify a player character's progression through the game.
Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.
Final Fantasy XI, also known as Final Fantasy XI Online, is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG), developed and published by Square (later Square Enix) as part of the Final Fantasy series.
First-person shooter (FPS) is a video game genre centered around gun and other weapon-based combat in a first-person perspective; that is, the player experiences the action through the eyes of the protagonist.
A flight simulator is a device that artificially re-creates aircraft flight and the environment in which it flies, for pilot training, design, or other purposes.
Forterra Systems, Inc. was a 3D graphics software company headquartered in San Mateo, California that produced private and secure Massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) virtual worlds for corporate, government, defense, medical and educational clients.
Furcadia is a free-to-play MMOSG/MMORPG or graphical MUD, set in a fantasy world inhabited by magical creatures.
A game engine is a software development environment designed for people to build video games.
A game server (also sometimes referred to as a host) is a server which is the authoritative source of events in a multiplayer video game.
GemStone IV is a multiplayer text-based online role-playing video game (often known as a MUD) produced by Simutronics.
GEnie (General Electric Network for Information Exchange) was an online service created by a General Electric business, GEIS (now GXS), that ran from 1985 through the end of 1999.
In the 1990s and 2000s, gold farming was the practice of playing a massively multiplayer online game (MMO) to acquire in-game currency later selling it for real-world money.
Golf is a club-and-ball sport in which players use various clubs to hit balls into a series of holes on a course in as few strokes as possible.
Habitat is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by LucasArts.
Half-Life (stylized as HλLF-LIFE) is a science fiction first-person shooter video game developed by Valve and published by Sierra Studios for Microsoft Windows in 1998.
Hockey is a sport in which two teams play against each other by trying to maneuver a ball or a puck into the opponent's goal using a hockey stick.
NTT DoCoMo's i-mode is a mobile internet (as opposed to wireless internet) service popular in Japan.
IMVU Inc., (stylized as imvu) is an online metaverse and website.
Infantry Online is a multiplayer combat video game.
IVAO or International Virtual Aviation Organisation VZW is a non-profit association which operates a free-of-charge online flight-simulation network.
iRacing, previously iRacing.com is a subscription-based racing simulation released by iRacing.com Motorsport Simulations in 2008.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
Jumpgate: The Reconstruction Initiative (also Jumpgate or Jumpgate Classic and commonly abbreviated as JG or JGC) is a MMORPG in a science fiction setting for the PC, released in North America on September 25, 2001 by NetDevil (developer) and 3DO (publisher).
Just Dance 2014 is a dance video game developed by Ubisoft Paris, in collaboration with Ubisoft Milan, Ubisoft Reflections, Ubisoft Bucharest, Ubisoft Pune and Ubisoft Montpellier.
Kesmai was a pioneering game developer and online game publisher, founded in 1981 by Kelton Flinn and John Taylor.
Kung Fu Panda World was a browser-based video game.
In online gaming, lag is a noticeable delay between the action of players and the reaction of the server in a video game.
Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (p; – June 11, 1934) was a Soviet psychologist, the founder of an unfinished theory of human cultural and bio-social development commonly referred to as cultural-historical psychology, a prominent advocate for a new theory of consciousness, the "psychology of superman", and leader of the Vygotsky Circle (also referred to as "Vygotsky-Luria Circle").
This is a list of notable massively multiplayer online games (MMOG), sorted by category.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Mankind was a massively multiplayer online real-time strategy (MMORTS) computer game.
Massively multiplayer online real-time strategy game (MMORTS) mixes the genres of real-time strategy and massively multiplayer online games, possibly in the form of web browser-based games, in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
Massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) are a combination of role-playing video games and massively multiplayer online games in which a very large number of players interact with one another within a virtual world.
Meridian 59 is a 1995 video game developed by Archetype Interactive and published by The 3DO Company.
The Metaverse is a collective virtual shared space, created by the convergence of virtually enhanced physical reality and physically persistent virtual space, including the sum of all virtual worlds, augmented reality, and the internet.
A mob, short for mobile, also known as an enemy or mook, is a computer-controlled non-player character (NPC) in a computer game such as an MMORPG or MUD.
A mod (short for "modification") is an alteration that changes some aspects or one aspect of a video game, such as how it looks or behaves.
There have been more than a dozen video game adaptations of Parker Brothers and Hasbro's board game Monopoly.
Motor City Online was a racing massively multiplayer online video game released by Electronic Arts on October 29, 2001.
A MUD (originally Multi-User Dungeon, with later variants Multi-User Dimension and Multi-User Domain) is a multiplayer real-time virtual world, usually text-based.
A multiplayer video game is a video game in which more than one person can play in the same game environment at the same time, either locally or over the internet.
A music video game, also commonly known as a music game, is a video game where the gameplay is meaningfully and often almost entirely oriented around the player's interactions with a musical score or individual songs.
Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959) is an American writer and game designer known for his works of speculative fiction.
Need for Speed: World (previously known as Need for Speed: World Online) was the fifteenth installment in the racing video game Need for Speed franchise published by Electronic Arts.
Neopets (originally NeoPets) is a virtual pet website.
Neverwinter Nights was the first multiplayer online role-playing game to display graphics, and ran from 1991 to 1997 on AOL.
A non-player character (NPC) in a game is any character that is not controlled by a player.
is the predominant mobile phone operator in Japan.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
An open world in video games is a virtual world in which the player can explore and approach objectives freely, as opposed to a world with more linear gameplay.
An overworld is, in a broad sense, an area within a video game that interconnects all its levels or locations.
The PDP-10 is a mainframe computer family manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) from 1966 into the 1980s.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
A persistent world or persistent state world (PSW) is a virtual world which, by the definition by Richard Bartle, "continues to exist and develop internally even when there are no people interacting with it".
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Phantasy Star Online is an online role-playing game (RPG) developed by Sonic Team and published by Sega in 2000 for the Dreamcast.
PlanetSide was a massively-multiplayer online first-person-shooter video game published by Sony Online Entertainment and released on May 20, 2003.
The PlayStation 2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
Project Torque was the free North American version of Level-R. It is a multiplayer online racing game (MMORG) with partially chargeable content, or micro-transactions.
Puzzle video games make up a unique genre of video games that emphasize puzzle solving.
Race or Die is a MMO car racing game available on the Apple's iOS released in October 2009.
Real-time strategy (RTS) is a subgenre of strategy video games where the game does not progress incrementally in turns.
Robinson Technologies is an independent video game developer, located in Japan.
Roblox is a massively multiplayer online game creation platform that allows users to design their own games and play a wide variety of different types of games created by other users through Roblox Studio.
Rogue (also known as Rogue: Exploring the Dungeons of Doom) is a dungeon crawling video game by Michael Toy and Glenn Wichman and later contributions by Ken Arnold.
A role-playing video game (commonly referred to as simply a role-playing game or an RPG as well as a computer role-playing game or a CRPG) is a video game genre where the player controls the actions of a character (and/or several party members) immersed in some well-defined world.
Samurai Romanesque is the first commercial mobile massive multiplaying game, allowing the player to play as a Samurai in the Sengoku era.
Science fiction (often shortened to Sci-Fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction, typically dealing with imaginative concepts such as advanced science and technology, spaceflight, time travel, and extraterrestrial life.
Second Life is an online virtual world, developed and owned by the San Francisco-based firm Linden Lab and launched on June 23, 2003.
A shared universe or shared world is a set of creative works where more than one writer (or other artist) independently contributes a work that can stand alone but fits into the joint development of the storyline, characters, or world of the overall project.
In the history of video games, the sixth-generation era (sometimes referred to as the 128-bit era; see "Bits and system power" below) refers to the computer and video games, video game consoles, and video game handhelds available at the turn of the 21st century which was from 1998 to 2005.
SmallWorlds was an online virtual world and social network service created by Outsmart Games, a privately owned company based in Auckland, New Zealand.
SmartCell Technology, LLC was a mobile applications developer with its headquarters in Irvine, California, United States, and a development center in Shanghai, China.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
Snow Crash is a science fiction novel by American writer Neal Stephenson, published in 1992.
Social capital is a form of economic and cultural capital in which social networks are central; transactions are marked by reciprocity, trust, and cooperation; and market agents produce goods and services not mainly for themselves, but for a common good.
A social-network game is a type of online game that is played through social networks.
Star Wars Galaxies was a Star Wars themed massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) for Microsoft Windows, developed by Sony Online Entertainment and published by LucasArts.
Test Drive Unlimited (TDU) is a 2006 open world arcade-style racing game published by Atari, Inc., featuring over 125 licensed sports cars and motorcycles.
The Matrix Online (abbreviated as MxO) was a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) initially developed by Monolith Productions and later, a few months after launch, by Sony Online Entertainment.
The Realm Online, originally known simply as The Realm, is an MMORPG (massively multiplayer online role playing game) launched in December 1996 for Windows PC.
The Sims Online, also known as EA-Land was a massively multiplayer online variation on Maxis's computer game The Sims.
There is a 3D online virtual world created by Will Harvey and Jeffrey Ventrella.
A thin client is a lightweight computer that has been optimized for remoting into a server-based computing environment.
TibiaME is an early MMORPG for mobile phones.
TrackMania is a series of racing games for the Windows PC, Nintendo DS, Nintendo Wii, Sony Playstation 4 and the Microsoft Xbox One platforms, developed by the French team Nadeo for the PC.
Tribes is a series of five science fiction first-person shooter video games that have been released between 1998 and 2012.
Ultima Online (UO) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG), released on September 24, 1997, by Origin Systems.
UltraCorps is an online, multi-player, turn-based space strategy game originally developed by VR-1 Entertainment in 1997 and acquired by Microsoft's MSN Gaming Zone in 1998.
Underlight was a fantasy massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG).
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
Upshift Strikeracer (USR) was a MMO racing video game developed by South Korean studio NChannel and published by gPotato for PC.
Urban warfare is combat conducted in urban areas such as towns and cities.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
A video game developer is a software developer that specializes in video game development – the process and related disciplines of creating video games.
A video game genre is a classification assigned to a video game based on its gameplay interaction rather than visual or narrative differences.
Vindictus is an Online Action RPG created by devCAT, an internal studio of Korean free-to-play game publisher Nexon.
VATSIM, or Virtual Air Traffic Simulation Network, is a non-profit organization operating a dedicated, worldwide, Internet-based flight-simulation network.
A virtual economy (or sometimes synthetic economy) is an emergent economy existing in a virtual world, usually exchanging virtual goods in the context of an Internet game.
A virtual world is a computer-based simulated environment which may be populated by many users who can create a personal avatar, and simultaneously and independently explore the virtual world, participate in its activities and communicate with others.
War Thunder is a cross platform vehicular combat MMO developed by Gaijin Entertainment for Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux, PlayStation 4, and Shield Android TV.
Whirled was a website created by Three Rings Design.
World of Tanks (WoT) is a massively multiplayer online game developed by the Belarusian-Cypriot company Wargaming, featuring mid-20th century (1930s-1960s) era combat vehicles.
World of Warcraft (WoW) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) released in 2004 by Blizzard Entertainment.
World of Warcraft: Wrath of the Lich King is the second expansion set for the massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) World of Warcraft, following The Burning Crusade.
World War II Online is a massively multiplayer online first-person shooter (MMOFPS) video game.
Xbox Live is an online multiplayer gaming and digital media delivery service created and operated by Microsoft.
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