92 relations: Age of Discovery, Age of Sail, Airfoil, Alexandria, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Antenna (radio), Archaeology (magazine), Archimedes, Barcelona, Bireme, Bow (ship), Bowsprit, Brig, Byzantine navy, Caere, Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, Catalonia, Charles I of Anjou, Classical antiquity, Composite material, Corinth, Corsica, Course (sail), Derrick, Dismasting, Dromon, Early Middle Ages, Etruscan civilization, Foresail, Full-rigged ship, Galley, Greco-Roman world, Greek language, Gudgeon, Guyed mast, Hiero II of Syracuse, Indirect fire, Italy, J-class yacht, Ketch, Krater, Late antiquity, Late Middle Ages, Lateen, Lattice mast, Lionel Casson, Lookout, Mainsail, Mast (sailing), ..., Mediterranean Sea, Merchant vessel, Nautical Archaeology Society, Naval flag signalling, Navigation light, Offshore Spars, Ostia Antica, Pagoda mast, Pinophyta, Pintle, Prow, Pyxis (vessel), Radar, Rangefinder, Rigging, Roman Empire, Roman navy, Rome, Rudder, Running rigging, Sail, Sail plan, Sailing ship, Schooner, Signal lamp, Spar (sailing), Spreader (sailboat), Sprit topmast, Square rig, Stern, Syracuse, Sicily, Syracusia, Telecommunication, Theophrastus, Timber rafting, Tomb, Topsail, Tripod mast, Underwater archaeology, Venice, Yard (sailing), Yawl. Expand index (42 more) » « Shrink index
The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization.
The Age of Sail (usually dated as 1571–1862) was a period roughly corresponding to the early modern period in which international trade and naval warfare were dominated by sailing ships, lasting from the 16th to the mid-19th century.
An airfoil (American English) or aerofoil (British English) is the shape of a wing, blade (of a propeller, rotor, or turbine), or sail (as seen in cross-section).
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
In radio, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.
Archaeology is a bimonthly magazine for the general public, published by the Archaeological Institute of America.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Ἀρχιμήδης) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer.
Barcelona is a city in Spain.
A bireme is an ancient oared warship (galley) with two decks of oars, invented and used by Greeks even before the 6th century BC.
The bow is the forward part of the hull of a ship or boat, the point that is usually most forward when the vessel is underway.
The bowsprit of a sailing vessel is a spar extending forward from the vessel's prow.
A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts.
The Byzantine navy was the naval force of the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.
: Caere (also Caisra and Cisra) is the Latin name given by the Romans to one of the larger cities of Southern Etruria, the modern Cerveteri, approximately 50-60 kilometres north-northwest of Rome.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, carbon composite or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers.
Catalonia (Catalunya, Catalonha, Cataluña) is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy.
Charles I (early 1226/12277 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou.
Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history between the 8th century BC and the 5th or 6th century AD centered on the Mediterranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world.
A composite material (also called a composition material or shortened to composite, which is the common name) is a material made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties that, when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components.
Corinth (Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, which is located in south-central Greece.
Corsica (Corse; Corsica in Corsican and Italian, pronounced and respectively) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea and one of the 18 regions of France.
In sailing, a course is the lowermost sail on a mast.
A derrick is a lifting device composed at minimum of one guyed mast, as in a gin pole, which may be articulated over a load by adjusting its guys.
Dismasting occurs to a sailing ship when one or more of the masts responsible for hoisting the sails that propel the vessel is broken or overturned, but the hull itself is still upright and seaworthy.
A dromon (from Greek δρόμων, dromōn, "runner") was a type of galley and the most important warship of the Byzantine navy from the 5th to 12th centuries AD, when they were succeeded by Italian-style galleys.
The Early Middle Ages or Early Medieval Period, typically regarded as lasting from the 5th or 6th century to the 10th century CE, marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history.
The Etruscan civilization is the modern name given to a powerful and wealthy civilization of ancient Italy in the area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, western Umbria and northern Lazio.
A foresail is one of a few different types of sail set on the foremost mast (foremast) of a sailing vessel.
A full-rigged ship or fully rigged ship is term of art denoting a sailing vessel's sail plan with three or more masts, all of them square-rigged.
A galley is a type of ship that is propelled mainly by rowing.
The Greco-Roman world, Greco-Roman culture, or the term Greco-Roman; spelled Graeco-Roman in the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth), when used as an adjective, as understood by modern scholars and writers, refers to those geographical regions and countries that culturally (and so historically) were directly, long-term, and intimately influenced by the language, culture, government and religion of the ancient Greeks and Romans. It is also better known as the Classical Civilisation. In exact terms the area refers to the "Mediterranean world", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i.e. one wherein the cultural perceptions, ideas and sensitivities of these peoples were dominant. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea, and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean. Though the Greek and the Latin never became the native idioms of the rural peasants who composed the great majority of the empire's population, they were the languages of the urbanites and cosmopolitan elites, and the lingua franca, even if only as corrupt or multifarious dialects to those who lived within the large territories and populations outside the Macedonian settlements and the Roman colonies. All Roman citizens of note and accomplishment regardless of their ethnic extractions, spoke and wrote in Greek and/or Latin, such as the Roman jurist and Imperial chancellor Ulpian who was of Phoenician origin, the mathematician and geographer Claudius Ptolemy who was of Greco-Egyptian origin and the famous post-Constantinian thinkers John Chrysostom and Augustine who were of Syrian and Berber origins, respectively, and the historian Josephus Flavius who was of Jewish origin and spoke and wrote in Greek.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
A gudgeon is a socket-like, cylindrical (i.e., female) fitting attached to one component to enable a pivoting or hinging connection to a second component.
A guyed mast is a tall thin vertical structure that depends on guy lines for stability.
Hiero II (Ἱέρων Β΄; c. 308 BC – 215 BC) was the Greek Sicilian Tyrant of Syracuse from 270 to 215 BC, and the illegitimate son of a Syracusan noble, Hierocles, who claimed descent from Gelon.
Indirect fire is aiming and firing a projectile without relying on a direct line of sight between the gun and its target, as in the case of direct fire.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
A J-Class yacht is a single-masted racing sailboat built to the specifications of Nathanael Herreshoff's Universal Rule.
A ketch is a two-masted sailing craft whose mainmast is taller than the mizzen mast (or aft-mast).
A krater or crater (κρατήρ, kratēr,."mixing vessel") was a large vase in Ancient Greece, particularly used for watering down wine.
Late antiquity is a periodization used by historians to describe the time of transition from classical antiquity to the Middle Ages in mainland Europe, the Mediterranean world, and the Near East.
The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period of European history lasting from 1250 to 1500 AD.
A lateen (from French latine, meaning "Latin") or latin-rig is a triangular sail set on a long yard mounted at an angle on the mast, and running in a fore-and-aft direction.
Lattice masts, or cage masts, are a type of observation mast common on major warships in the early 20th century.
Lionel Casson (July 22, 1914 – July 18, 2009) was a classicist, professor emeritus at New York University, and a specialist in maritime history.
A lookout or look-out is a person on a ship in charge of the observation of the sea for hazards, other ships, land, etc.
A mainsail is a sail located behind the main mast of a sailing vessel.
The mast of a sailing vessel is a tall spar, or arrangement of spars, erected more or less vertically on the centre-line of a ship or boat.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
A merchant vessel, trading vessel or merchantman is a boat or ship that transports cargo or carries passengers for hire.
The Nautical Archaeology Society (NAS) is a charity registered in England and Wales The Nautical Archaeology Society is registered charity number 264209 and in Scotland and is a company limited by guarantee.
Naval flag signalling covers various forms of flag signalling, such as semaphore or flaghoist, used by various navies; distinguished from maritime flag signalling by merchant or other non-naval vessels or flags used for identification.
A navigation light, also known as a running or position light, is a source of illumination on a vessel, aircraft or spacecraft.
Offshore Spars is a US manufacturer of custom-designed carbon fiber and aluminum spars for sailing yachts.
Ostia Antica is a large archaeological site, close to the modern town of Ostia, that is the location of the harbour city of ancient Rome, 15 miles (25 kilometres) southwest of Rome.
The pagoda mast was a type of superstructure that was common on Japanese capital ships that were reconstructed during the 1930s in a bid to improve their fighting performance.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
A pintle is a pin or bolt, usually inserted into a gudgeon, which is used as part of a pivot or hinge.
The prow is the forward-most part of a ship's bow that cuts through the water.
A pyxis (πυξίς, plural pyxides) is a shape of vessel from the classical world, usually a cylindrical box with a separate lid.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
A rangefinder is a device that measures distance from the observer to a target, in a process called ranging.
Rigging comprises the system of ropes, cables and chains, which support a sailing ship or sail boat's masts—standing rigging, including shrouds and stays—and which adjust the position of the vessel's sails and spars to which they are attached—the running rigging, including halyards, braces, sheets and vangs.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Roman navy (Classis, lit. "fleet") comprised the naval forces of the Ancient Roman state.
Rome (Roma; Roma) is the capital city of Italy and a special comune (named Comune di Roma Capitale).
A rudder is a primary control surface used to steer a ship, boat, submarine, hovercraft, aircraft, or other conveyance that moves through a fluid medium (generally air or water).
Running rigging is the rigging of a sailing vessel that is used for raising, lowering, shaping and controlling the sails on a sailing vessel—as opposed to the standing rigging, which supports the mast and bowsprit.
A sail is a tensile structure—made from fabric or other membrane materials—that uses wind power to propel sailing craft, including sailing ships, sailboats, windsurfers, ice boats, and even sail-powered land vehicles.
A sail plan is a set of drawings, usually prepared by a naval architect which shows the various combinations of sail proposed for a sailing ship.
The term "sailing ship" is most often used to describe any large vessel that uses sails to harness the power of wind.
A schooner is a type of sailing vessel with fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts.
A signal lamp (sometimes called an Aldis lamp, after Arthur Cyril Webb Aldis who invented a widely used design, or a Morse lamp) is a visual signaling device for optical communication, typically using Morse code.
A spar is a pole of wood, metal or lightweight materials such as carbon fibre used in the rigging of a sailing vessel to carry or support its sail.
A spreader is a spar on a sailboat used to deflect the shrouds to allow them to better support the mast.
A sprit topmast is a small topmast that was sometimes carried on the end of the bowsprit of a large European warship during the Age of Sail.
Square rig is a generic type of sail and rigging arrangement in which the primary driving sails are carried on horizontal spars which are perpendicular, or square, to the keel of the vessel and to the masts.
The stern is the back or aft-most part of a ship or boat, technically defined as the area built up over the sternpost, extending upwards from the counter rail to the taffrail.
Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa/Seragusa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; Medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse.
Syracusia (Συρακουσία, syrakousía, literally "of Syracuse") was a ancient Greek ship sometimes claimed to be the largest transport ship of antiquity.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
Theophrastus (Θεόφραστος Theόphrastos; c. 371 – c. 287 BC), a Greek native of Eresos in Lesbos,Gavin Hardy and Laurence Totelin, Ancient Botany, 2015, p. 8.
Timber rafting is a log transportation method in which logs are tied together into rafts and drifted or pulled across a water body or down a river.
A tomb (from τύμβος tumbos) is a repository for the remains of the dead.
A topsail is a sail set above another sail; on square-rigged vessels further sails may be set above topsails.
The tripod mast is a type of mast used on warships from the Edwardian era onwards, replacing the pole and lattice mast.
Underwater archaeology is archaeology practiced underwater.
Venice (Venezia,; Venesia) is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
A yard is a spar on a mast from which sails are set.
A yawl is a two-masted sailing craft whose mainmast is taller than the mizzen mast (or aft-mast).
Bonaventure mizzen, Fore-mast, Fore-topmast, Foremast, Jigger mast, Jigger-mast, Jiggermast, Lower mast, Main mast, Main topmast, Main-mast, Mainmast, Mast (sail), Mast (ship), Mast step, Mizenmast, Mizzen, Mizzen mast, Mizzen topgallant mast, Mizzen-mast, Mizzen-topmast, Mizzenmast, Radar mast, Royal mast, Ship's mast, Ships' mast, Topgallant mast, Yacht mast.