50 relations: Advanced Cryogenic Evolved Stage, Aerospace, Aerospace manufacturer, Armadillo Aerospace, Arms industry, Blue Origin, Centaur (rocket stage), DARPA, Expander cycle, Guidance, navigation, and control, High-test peroxide, Human-rating certification, Hypergolic propellant, Interorbital Systems, Isopropyl alcohol, JAXA, Kankoh-maru, Liquid oxygen, Liquid-propellant rocket, List of private spaceflight companies, Lockheed Martin X-33, Lunar CATALYST, Lunar Lander Challenge, Mars 2020, McDonnell Douglas DC-X, Methane, Mojave, California, NASA, Orbital spaceflight, Privately held company, Quad (rocket), Range safety, Regenerative cooling (rocket), Reusable Vehicle Testing, RL10, Rocket engine, Rocket engine test facility, Santa Clara, California, Space Exploration Vehicle, SpaceX, Specific impulse, Startup company, Sub-orbital spaceflight, United Launch Alliance, Unmanned spacecraft, VentureStar, VTVL, X Prize Foundation, XS-1 (spacecraft), Zarya (spacecraft).
The Advanced Cryogenic Evolved Stage (ACES), formerly the Advanced Common Evolved Stage, is a proposed liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen upper-stage rocket for use on the Vulcan space launch vehicle.
Aerospace is the human effort in science, engineering and business to fly in the atmosphere of Earth (aeronautics) and surrounding space (astronautics).
An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, or spacecraft.
Armadillo Aerospace was an aerospace startup company based in Mesquite, Texas.
The arms industry, also known as the defense industry or the arms trade, is a global industry responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology.
Blue Origin, LLC is an American privately funded aerospace manufacturer and spaceflight services company headquartered in Kent, Washington.
Centaur has been designed to be the upper stage of space launch vehicles and is used on the Atlas V. Centaur was the world's first high-energy upper stage, burning liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX).
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military.
The expander cycle is a power cycle of a bipropellant rocket engine.
Guidance, navigation and control (abbreviated GNC, GN&C, or G&C) is a branch of engineering dealing with the design of systems to control the movement of vehicles, especially, automobiles, ships, aircraft, and spacecraft.
High-test peroxide or HTP is a high (85 to 98 percent)-concentration solution of hydrogen peroxide, with the remainder predominantly made up of water.
Human-rating certification is the certification of a spacecraft or launch vehicle as capable of safely transporting humans.
A hypergolic propellant combination used in a rocket engine is one whose components spontaneously ignite when they come into contact with each other.
Interorbital Systems Corporation (IOS) is an American aerospace manufacturer active in Mojave, California.
Isopropyl alcohol (IUPAC name propan-2-ol; commonly called isopropanol) is a compound with the chemical formula C3H8O.
The is the Japanese national aerospace and space agency.
The is the name of a proposed vertical takeoff and landing (VTVL), single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO), reusable launch system (rocket-powered spacecraft).
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A liquid-propellant rocket or liquid rocket is a rocket engine that uses liquid propellants.
This page is a list of non-governmental entities that currently offer – or are planning to offer – equipment and services geared towards spaceflight, both robotic and human.
The Lockheed Martin X-33 was an unmanned, sub-scale technology demonstrator suborbital spaceplane developed in the 1990s under the U.S. government-funded Space Launch Initiative program.
The Lunar CATALYST (Lunar Cargo Transportation and Landing by Soft Touchdown) initiative is an attempt by NASA to encourage the development of robotic lunar landers that can be integrated with United States commercial launch capabilities to deliver payloads to the lunar surface.
The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge was a competition funded by NASA's Centennial Challenges program.
Mars 2020 is a Mars rover mission by NASA's Mars Exploration Program with a planned launch in 2020.
The DC-X, short for Delta Clipper or Delta Clipper Experimental, was an unmanned prototype of a reusable single-stage-to-orbit launch vehicle built by McDonnell Douglas in conjunction with the United States Department of Defense's Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) from 1991 to 1993.
Methane is a chemical compound with the chemical formula (one atom of carbon and four atoms of hydrogen).
Mojave (formerly, Mohave) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, United States.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately.
In rocketry, the Armadillo Aerospace Quad vehicle called Pixel is a computer-controlled VTVL rocket that was used in 2006 to compete in the Lunar Lander Challenge.
In the field of rocketry, range safety may be assured by a system which is intended to protect people and assets on both the rocket range and downrange in cases when a launch vehicle might endanger them.
Regenerative cooling, in the context of rocket engine design, is a configuration in which some or all of the propellant is passed through tubes, channels, or in a jacket around the combustion chamber or nozzle to cool the engine.
The Reusable Vehicle Testing (RVT) project was conducted by the Japanese Space Agency (JAXA) from 1998 until 2003.
The RL10 is a liquid-fuel cryogenic rocket engine used on the Centaur, S-IV, and Delta Cryogenic Second Stage upper stages.
A rocket engine uses stored rocket propellant mass for forming its high-speed propulsive jet.
A rocket engine test facility is a location where rocket engines may be tested on the ground, under controlled conditions.
Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California.
The Space Exploration Vehicle (SEV) is a modular vehicle concept developed by NASA.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
Specific impulse (usually abbreviated Isp) is a measure of how effectively a rocket uses propellant or jet engine uses fuel.
A startup company (startup or start-up) is an entrepreneurial venture which is typically a newly emerged business that aims to meet a marketplace need by developing a viable business model around a product, service, process or a platform.
A sub-orbital spaceflight is a spaceflight in which the spacecraft reaches space, but its trajectory intersects the atmosphere or surface of the gravitating body from which it was launched, so that it will not complete one orbital revolution.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security.
Unmanned spacecraft are spacecraft without people ("man") on board, used for unmanned spaceflight.
VentureStar was a single-stage-to-orbit reusable launch system proposed by Lockheed Martin and funded by the U.S. government.
Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.
XPRIZE is a nonprofit organization that designs and manages public competitions intended to encourage technological development that could benefit humanity.
The DARPA XS-1 is a planned experimental spaceplane/booster designed to deliver small satellites into orbit for the U.S. Military.
The Zarya spacecraft was a secret Soviet project of the late 1980s aiming to design and build a large manned vertical-takeoff, vertical-landing (VTVL) reusable space capsule, a much larger replacement for the Soyuz (spacecraft).